The Malvern Leader from Malvern, Iowa on March 8, 1934 · Page 2
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The Malvern Leader from Malvern, Iowa · Page 2

Malvern, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, March 8, 1934
Page 2
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PAGE TWO THE MALVERN LEADER, MALVtRft. IOWA, MAftGM & ItM THE MALVERN LEADER AS ALL-COfS f UJrfcftft t»t 5fc-W8I>APfcR ' Stop* When Yottf Tifti* I* Ont W. P. WORTMAN, Publisher Entered fa the Post Office at tSalvern. ..Io*a,_as. second _elass mat!matter. term* of Subscription: Payable in Ad*aJiee One copy one year - • - $2.00 One copy three months • .66 One copy fit months - - t.OO Single copy ------- .06 The date on the printed tag shows the time to which the sub- teftpttoB ia paid. llf *< NAT10KAL l&itOlU At 1 l E M fl — ASSOCllAf tOK 11 Washington ». Weftttft OFFICIAL COtmiT PAPER:—All the ott'.cJmJ proceeding! el tie fioard of Supervisors Are printed la fall it this paper. Advertising Rates DISPLAY, 26 centi a column Inch; 6 cent* an Inch »ddltlonal tol composition. Bttrt tor guaranteed position. LOCALS, Classified LOCALS, among reading matter * * » » * • Obituary Poetry - Resolutions CAN of Be * line lOe a line 66 ft lift* 6c ft line fifle SENB CHANOES OF . . „ ADDRESS PROMPTLY LEADER subscribers arraaked to notify the «ub«crlptlon depart- went promptly of shy change* la their addrcMe*. Under th* new M*tal laws, ttewtpapen and perl' odleaU rauit pay pottare due tot hottee* of any change* in addrejw furntehtd by the poet office. In addition, there la al»o the prol>« IMB of delay in delivery or failure to ret the paper. The .beat plan la to Bend the change of addrcaa In advance. j EDITORIAL Charlie Dawes, for the first time in more than a year, has reported the depression as having ended. In spite of this discouraging feature better business has been reported In nearly all lines. Now that the special session of the General Assembly has assured lowans hard liquor within 60 days, Its members can go home confident that they have fully justified the expenditure ot the $500,000 which the session costs. We don't like to discourage good weather enthusiasts but we can't help remembering the old saw about what March does after it comes in like a lamb. If any honest man is able to stay out of jail after getting his business under an NRA code and going through a year of the new state revenue,hill, Congress should give him a medal. Let us hope that the Great White Father at Washington and his Little Brother at Des Hoines are lenient to the small business men who Will hereafter sweat to guide his affairs through the labyrinth of regulations without running afoul the law. During the past week we have been reading a most astounding article in the March issue of Fortune magazine. Titled "Arms and the Men," it reveals in a most comprehensive way the part played by armament manufacturers the world over in disturbing peace between nations and prolonging wars once they are started. So potential were its implications, so inclusive was its scope and so definite were Its facts that we found it necessary to read the story through twice before we could convince oijr^ selves that it was not the dream of a super soap box orator, Fortune, by the way, is possibly this country's most outstanding magazine and has been portraying accurately the industrial world. Because of its format it must depend upon big business for Its economic existence and yet it has dared to publish a crushing indictment-" fully 4ocuineated \vtth tactual evidence — ot the world's largest and most in. human business. We shall have this magazine from time to time in the office tmd shall be glad to have anyone interested read it; and urge its reading by the ministers Pf the town, by the school teachers and by all who care to keep informed of the developments of the militaristic tendencies in Europe aud the •world in genera). as main armament producers, in order of importance, are the Comlte des Forges dee France which in turn controls Schnel4er-Creusot (largest French, manufacturer) »04 all other French producers, powertul Skoda in Q?echa- Slovakia, au4 other central European forge*, an4 interests lu ihj producers cQgtroUed by t&e MlUut* iu Jap»a; Krupp of Oaraauy ; Viokgr» » Armstrong imi(.ji4.aji Bis 9k d% J&MM ~ 8*t jit A» ' «••.* ' in England; and the da Fonts and Bethlehem Steel In our own country. Particularly Illuminating is the story of Francois de Wen* del of France. This peace-loving gentleman Is president ot the Comlte des Forges des France, Regent Ot the Banque de France, Member of the French Chamber of Deputies and owns a majority Interest in the semi-official newspaper of the French government, Le Temps, and numerous other influential journals. Consequently the Banque de France extends credits to countries buying arms of his companies — even when those countries may engage France in war. Moreover, members of his family (with name changed to von Wendel) control mines and furnaces in Germany. And an official of one of his central European armament producers contributed the money which enabled Hitler to gain power in Germany while his French newspapers cried for more armament to Insure French security because of this. The whole article shows how these manufacturers, even while their countries are at war, sell armaments and materials to the enemy countries. Thus English guns shot down English soldiers, French protected the factories which supplied German soldiers •with equipment and officials of armament producers, actually, pro-, Jonged the WorJ4 w»rj through their control of the government officials of their respective countries. Perhaps we were old fashioned in believing in any ideal- Jam whatsoever surrounding war. Perhaps we have been over credulous in thinking that wars came because of uncontrollable reasons and that high government officials always did all they could to prevent war. But we must confess a sharp disillusionment after reading Fortune's article which showed that wars (at least in recent times) have been fomented by armament producers whose desire for profit made them disregard the millions of men who would be maimed and killed, the generations of children who would be weakened by the resulting poverty and loss and the rapid degradation of all of mankind. This supposedly semi-southerly city of Washington looks as wlh- tery as any Iowa landscape to be fotind In our prairie state. The temperature feels colder thin it really Is because of the extremely low altitude. A heavy blanket of snow however stimulates the im- amingation and quite Justly go. We have seen parked cars on side streets of late that appeared to be almost covered. The House began consideration of the Department of Agriculture appropriation bill Monday and has continued without extensive interruption. One of the other items considered was the conference report on the appropriation for the Post Office Department. A vote is expected on the former by tomorrow with probable adjournment over the week end. The members always appreciate a few days in which to catch up with their dictation, departmental work for constituents and other important matters. The mall is unusually heavy and is welcome as it expresses the Interest of the public In governmental affairs. In my own ease it requires at least two hours of constant dictating and sometimes an entire morning. There is also information to obtain from and errands to run at government departments. Committee meetings are usually called for 10:30 and continue until the session ot the House convenes at 12 noon. As a rule adjournment does not occur until 6 o'clock or later after which there are letters to be signed and other Incidentals to be looked after before closing the office. The above brief summary is otrfftned to gr?e everyone a* We* of an *verftg6 Cowetsftaa'* Interesting day. If the memlfcfs desire to Study bills, draft some tit his o*» for hrtroaactfoti 0* prepare a speech, that wort most come in the evenings. Old timers who have been here for twent? years tefl me congressional offices are busier than they have ever been throngh that period. To my mind this it of conrse entirely fitting and proper as the nation is going throng* a great crisis and everyone, fee he pntrtie Servant of private citizen, should be ready and aniio-us to inake such sacrifices as are necessary to get the government and business on a thoroughly Sound basis. We must keep up the good fight and keep going. We are gaining ground.* The Committee on Public Lands of which 1 am a member Is in the process of holding hearings on a bill that regulates our public grazing area with a view to orgahtiifig a program of conservation. Secretary Wallace appeared and spoke briefly in behalf ot the measure. His testimony followed that of Secretary tckes who appeared a few days ago, for the same purpose. On Thursday evening the House held a night session tot the first time this winter convening at ?:30 and adjourning at 10:30 during the course of which private bills were taken up and passed or objected to. Private bills are those that deal largely with claims or matters that are more or less confined to the district ot the Congressman who has Introduced it. One objection temporarily holds up the passage of such a bill. Next week the House will begin considering the bill that provides an appropriation for the War Department. va Tawb nil fft cwfe cHSJW* 4tt^ i& j£agL h-Jtoji gfaaitflfcia **ra^^|& "••£ vm 0BT 4JWU WKTICB* 6JLK?|JI» Jfejl^ Jftd± j|Mj^^^£ bg^MjS^ ^^&uAte a^Ji TOT tire FBUfUll SJMJH W1IC91 we Start* tftWd ft ffl* THs $Ml ntfwft wfCtt taffon ttift sft ft tag. -t-t-t- Oa t»etr tots, sg«r«tft«»Iy speaking, ar* artificial limb salesmen, according to Joe Wearfn. More th*ft ft half down have visited him recently, all having at least one leg oil and alt using their own company's equipment. One feller had both tegs ot and used store one* to efficiently that he claimed he still want to dances. Modefrh material tot such things te not Wood^—Bs t had thonght ever since t saw C*p*tt Ahab cruurtng his old enemy, Mobey ttck, ore* the «erc» «***«> bttt p*pef. Lttmbe* mea should fight thin intoad o« a oftce aUnost monopollittlc do* Jnaln. *t-t^ One already beneficial result ot M£.Boehnef's campaign against the to** fl tie f «- »otal of an (eicSpt *rot» fife fro«t door) 6t the old Hatcher Platers tfto* W» froffl Ite *»Sows ot th* late Ffrst NatioiAl bank to make room for hft cain- pMgft aarenftttm. ! tope tft* present posters don't stay as fong as dfd Hatcher's. -f-t-t- ftefot* a*t ***** ***** f WB«. at*t« tltat f . tHu^m.^*.**! jrtil^t It**! i XfOCwBtCT WBK. 1 11 ft w InfVt flwJWCl Htt dtS^ w> few Hfif laaatelpOl if&F IDC ' fro ' rott few * e*Mtdat« Hot wfthvtadtdr^ the ei*e#pU<Hi* t*« tH Join fiton ttt tttt e»«* t» get HNS Ills, trttwi to f«riga »» oftic«hoidlii« h« of In ft, 4-t-l- Newest technique of panhaad- ling is up the line ethically *possibly because ot the hobo code. tt Involves the going to the front door instead ot the reaf and **** ing for one particular article ot ioM f*t*et for iHSftetfrrnt to eat. Penatty for vf otatft* ot the cod* is *«ft1fcg at steady emptoyttent. A«d no hard- heffrted honsewtt* can reftrse to fretp the paftirandter to Stance his diet wtt& some bfead. potato**, ftteftk, veg«tabl«s or even an aperitif. t R that Mayot Ha- irey of eTenTroc«d tt fVfifitg bad nectat f o* JMs twtrfl the twobOe jneWtfj by Aj^adtt'^i- ji«j. ^ * •pfntciniui TO trie CWA titsajdq«M«er%, fr **«*« diet trtM fc* B*At to MOltl'Qft* The dirigible Los Ahgeles has been ordered dismantled by the Navy Department, ft has been de- elared unsafe tot fttrtnef duty. DRINK WATKtt Wtftt MEALS GOOD fOtt SfOMACH Water with meals helps stomach juices, aids digestion, if bloated with gas add * spoonful ot Adlerika. One dose cleans out poisons and Washes BOTH upper and lower bowels. Collins Co. History . . of the . . An interpretative news summary of the Important events of the past week. READER'S FORUM Men are never so likely to settle a question rightly as when they discuss it freely. — Ma» cauley. Readers are urged to keap their letters brief and to the point — both for our sake and the sake of our readers. Washington buzzed with excitement. To the national capital went 4,500 members of code authorities, called there by General Johnson's open (invitation for a fleld day of criticism ot NRA. Not anxious to miss this opportunity, previously denied, trade and industrial leaders brought many a pet grievance, chiefest ot which was that the great plan had done little to better business. Ready to direct complaints was the NRA'consumer's board which pointed out that retail prices had not reflected, wholesale price Increases! -tnat *-jH»e /inereaaei'ot, 'wages and employment had a}« most reached an end; that the average purchasing power of paid workers has been decreased by rising prices. President Roosevelt addressed the NRA complainants the opening day and pointed to the need for upbuilding of buying power before normal consumption could be started. The President also sought to soothe the increasingly ruffled feelings between capital and labor. * * * * As a further move toward getting this country into a bargaining position for foreign trade, President Roosevelt asked Congress for unlimited powers to regulate the tariff in a message which roused the ire of good republicans everywhere. Old line democrats, already feeling exercised because high republican tariffs had been kept so long, welcomed this as at move toward 'newly formed state of Ta Manchu Tlkno. In spite of the disrupting labors which attended the birth of this new state the coronation was a quieting note in a war-like world. Japan and China bombarded each other's armies furiously before Manchuria was wrested from China and renamed Man- cbukuo. Ta Manchu Ttkuo was the formalized version ot Man- chukuo. Set as puppet emperor, young Henry Pu Yl . had had previous experience in the profession as he ' '"• • and again for.a'few-days at the age of eleven. With well armed Japanese backing and the recognition ot nations w ; hlch had looked askance at the actual taking of Manchuria, the reign of Henry Pu Yl may be ot longer Government expense in 1913 $121 per Family Government expense in 1933 $485 per Family •DETWEHN 1918 and 19J8 total rich" viewpoint. They forget gas bill is about d«w» cents per « . a jj?,y a| !?*?• lncrea * ed from |*yt H»» utflltjr company is owned day. heating excluded. 2.8 billion dollars to 7,8 billfon b/ million* of amall Inventor* *»,. ..«..„ >.if- ^ M ,„„ Jump ot 330%. By 1933 they were 30% greater than the peak of 1923. During 1983 taxes continued to soar, In a vain attempt to keep abreast of huge govern* ment expenditures. Total expenditures by government now exceed tax Income by about 4 billion dollars a year. Total expenditures by all of the various governmental agencies, federal, state and local during 1983 exceeded 14 ft billion dollars. Government expenditures fa one year are a billion more than the from every walk of life who are neither rich nor able to do without the mall earnings of The average dally ily for gas and electricity la about twenty cents per day—leas than one-fifth of the cost of government. Seldom do they think of the large if governmental officials and rot. era would focus more of tiieii* ef- of KOV- . their customers. They think savings Invested In the gas and . . „ „ , . electric industry. Dividend pay- A reduction of 8 H % In the cost ments on these securities to a, ot government would relesae to large number of individuals have the people an amount equal to total amount now invested in the become tha principal remaining the total sum paid by domestic electric industry and over 8 income, times that invested in the gas industry. , . ... customers for their gas and elec- „ .... trio service. la other words, a Nor should U be forgotten that reduction of 8H% on the cost fcrge amounts of, utiM^ w tt rKof, govern»«» "' "" " ' SJ, SHffiftj the Integrity of insurance'] duration tures. than his former ven- the return policies, of traditional party One Princess Irena Yonsson* pott, niece of the late Czar of all the Russlas^. played hob with one ot the best films of last year when she sued the producers ot "Ras- putin," for libel because the film showed she was seduced by the mad monk of that name. An English court awarded her $126,000 from the MGM company. But that was only a starter in the campaign 'to save the Princess' honor. She also has a suit for 13,000,000 on the same complaint against New York theaters, tor other sums against theaters in six other countries. Wants Bridge Project Kept Editor: An open letter to the Board ot Supervisors: I want to object strenuously to the plan advanced at the Tabor meeting for taking the money appropriated by the federal government for building a bridge over the Nishna Botna southeast of Malvern, and using U for graveling the county road. The money was appropriated tor the bridge and should be used tor that purpose as it will serve & vita] need in that section of the county. I do uot believe that tt be diverted legally to another project. Since Secretary ickes has o> uiguated the money for the bridge, the county could hire some oue to hutld. tt, not letting a contract, but hiring the labor direct, and in tbU «&? furnU* more work lor unemployed and yet build the bridge ttt ft lo*cr co»t. I uw wrUiug Becmury lokw aad tb« State Highway »lou ftUout iu* ux»tter you wot to w«ke the cU»nge. J. Itt til" The administration won another advance In its currency program when the House extended the right to use government obligations to back federal reserve notes. Opposition developed among Insurgent democrats and republicans who sought to limit the continuance and the president's authority .which was grant« ed in the proposed Fletcher-8tea» gall bill but this collapsed after attack by majority a vigorous leaders. * * * .* A "hick town sheriff" was re* sponsible tor the last capture of John Dillinger, outlaw and killer extraordinary. Wheu he was re* turned to the Lake county model escape proof jail at Grown Point, lad., to await trial for bis several crimes a barrier ot armed attendants were stationed tiere to further discourage escape. To while long hours away ~ oner Dillluger quietly whittled ft model revolver from. 9, piece pt wood. When Guard appeared, DUlluger ufted wooden revolver to cow him, quickly aisarmed him a»4 bjajd. up other Locking in the colls of the }«>!, tb» two M tfcey th» guudj Jail »rs«Mi and w»lke4 »»t 49 «luui( with, Shortly b* V))4 tke jUiRo at 10 lu ww VI Major "business attraction 9f last week was Mr, Mansfield's fur' niture store where hundreds of persons tramped t through his large stock of oew; furniture, mentally picturing Jtjst how i set or that would set off (fee, ol4 Comparison* between ., ceived tor the tax dollar and the , utility dollar are difficult, analysis are almost idenuv-,, „ _, they are the final burden bearers and savings accounts, and final taxpayers. A real mess- Taxes Paid by the , , TTX-I.J r+ . thought. Just as examples* ot Utility wOirVDaXUeS the Y * lue °* »*rvtce, at average *J ,*'*«*"»***'»*» domestic rates, it costs five cents The public utility companies of Per day to light a five room house the United States as a group paid and,a gas range cooks for a fam- 1714,809,000 In taxes in 1958. Taxes paid by this company amounted to $317,142.72. With diridual family, In 1018, the cost of government per family WM *J81.00. la iOS9 it was 9200,00 and in 1088 it mounted to the staggering sum of1483.00. ily of four people for seven cents per day. Few, if any expend!- tures made give the family larger the addition of the federal excise value for the 'money than those tax on all electricity sold, which for gas and electricity. One does was transferred from the con* not need vivid imagination to aurner to the company in Sep- contrast the value received for tember of last year at an an- the dollar spent for gas and eleo» $88,* nual cost approximating .,... 000.00, our taxes have increased until tbey now exceed |400,000,00 per year* to state this In another way, our taxes now trlclty with that spent to help defray tie cost i " Politicians In the main prefer to levy new taxes rather than to re* duce expenses. At a time when national income has been sharply on the decline costs of government continue to mount. The tax situation and governmental ex* travagance would be bad enough were there no economic crisis; it becomes ruinous in times like these. . In 1999, the total earning pow» er of the people in wages, salar* The utility companies of the country at the moment are be. portant to point out tte*neiafl?e twees tj»e upper millstone of in- Sse of taxing power wltto ' creased taxes added to higher S?*-*-:WSi.*" lw * r w »»> __ TfiUt ""*"" lea, profits, interests and dlvl depdu^-the^. total national income—amounted to 85 billion financed by the dollars. So rapidly has it fallen prices for labor and material and These during the/ears of depression the netber millstone of pressure use of public credit are riven « that in 19381 the earning power for }owei>,ra,tea, Taxes have risen great advantage over DrYvateiy was but 45 billion dollars, For sharply and tfcere Is no Jet up Jo oDeratedi ntmtiL. Y i» & A ?!l. • AVAW hiinilnui rinllArn nnvnAri in tho* attnvta »« still «,»_ t« w«rv»wt««» ««I«*»B^ «| 1419 MM* every hundred dollars earned to the'etforta to s«ll furtberJn J989 there waj but 163,00 earned crease tbem. Materials used oa |» J888, casts of In the sanje period govemmeat, ' Iftdertl, state ftud local, increased from 13 blllloR dollar?, to. over Ji fell, munteiwl WBBW *P** tba^verage have increased from U% to W% and are s«ji pointed \ > upward. Plrect increases in op* At the present municipal utilities , . eratlng expenditures have foU fre objecting to being ineluded dollars, A terrific effect lowed participation Jn the N, B, to Jft« electric code, te the pro, on the decrease in earulsga OR A. No oae. would care to predict visions, of which privately owned ope baud and tbe locxepe, fa where operating eipeuaea, |nQlu4,» electric companies have already government costs Q« the other lljis twee, will finally Iwd, subseribed. The NRA Nfttloiwl 1938 Unfair Burden wttt> |,s"tha K9 ade aad. Bervlcea onUUUUes Tbe maifttenftttce of « it MMOtlftl ,. _ aatio», laywtoi 1 to Hg«M«flWBM tlpn, however, Bbowlng. AH lookecl I<JB« lights wiUPb, automfttlsaljy of and Relative Oest and Utility Sorvio, Tfee

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