The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 23, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, June 23, 1953
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XL1X—NO. 80 BIytheville Courier BlythevUle Dally Newi Mississippi Valley Leader BIytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 23, 1953 TEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT* Secret Note Sent to Rhee Emissary Flies to See Korean President By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL (AP) — A special emissary from Washington flfcw toward Korea today with a secret note to Syngman Rhee after Gen. Mark Clark talked twice with the defiant President about his objections to a truce. Clark met for 20 minutes today with Rhee for the second time in two days in the Allies' double - barreled effort to get Rhee's cooperation. An authoritative source in Tokyo reported Ehee offered Clark a compromise aimed at soothing the breach between the Allies and South Korea. The source said the compromise called for withdrawal of all foreign troops from Korea; a mutual security pact with the U. S., and resumption of the war unless a peace conference settles the political situation within 90 days after the signing of a truce. It remained in doubt whether Clark succeeded in his two - day Federal Job Inquiry Is Asked Monroney Wonts Senatorial Investigation WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Monroney (D-Okla.) called today for a senatorial inquiry into plans of the Eisfcn- U hower arlrp'rrhtrp-t' strip ' civil service protection from thousands of government jobs. Chairman Philip Young: of the Civil Service Commission announced yesterday President Eisenhower soon will issue an executive order for a review of about 134,000 jobs, 66.000 in this country and 68,000 overseas, to determine whether they should be stripped of civil service protection. Young said posts involved will include specialists' jobs brought into the civil service in 1947 by an executive order of former President Truman. Young said he couldn't guess how many present job holders might be replaced, but said veterans won't be affected. He added, however, that 1,600 of about 8,000 government attorneys in the group may be let out. Wants Explanation Monroney said in an interview he thinks the Senate Civil Service ' Committee, of which he is a member, should call Young before it for an explanation of the order, affecting what civil service calls "schedule A." "I think old line civil service employes who were placed in 'schedule A' by department heads •who wanted their specialized services should be protected against a patronage grab," the Oklahoma senator said. "I know that many of them were so classified in the Defense Department because of the secret nature of their work and these career people should be protected." Holders of ''schedule A" jobs originally had no protection against firing but Truman's order put them under civil service rules. Republicans in Congress have been complaining that they have j found it difficult to. get jobs for, party constituents, in many cases because the appointees of the previous administration who hold the posts are protected by civil service. mission to quiet Rhee's heated objections to a truce that leaves Korea divided. No Comment Returning to Tokyo, Clark told reporters: "I have nothing more to say than I said yesterday." Asked about today's brief meeting with Rhee, he said, "I only stopped in for a few minutes.' ' Assistant U. S. Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson, fresh from a secret meeting with President Eisenhower, left Washington for Tokyo and Seoul. He was accompanied by U. S. Army Chief of Staff Gen. J. Lawton Collins. Robertson carried a secret letter to Rhee from Secretary of State Dulles. He was expected to tell the fiery 78-year-old Korean his policies are jeopardizing the very existence of his nation. After a 15-minute session with Rhee Monday, Clark said he was encouraged but warned against overoptimism. Both Clark and the Eisenhower administration, observers said, were understood to be convinced the Communists really want an armistice. But U. N. officials were reported deeply worried how to guarantee the Communists that South Korea would not violate its terms. Situ.11 inn Easing- Despite the crisis caused by the South Korean President, some puzzling developments raised speculation that Rhee might be easing his bitter opposition to a truce: 1. Reliable South Korean sources reported that Maj. Gen. Choi Suk has been appointed to take charge of South Korean prisoners returned See RHEE on Page 10 Joiner to Get Its First Water System Soon 30 ho 45 Days Is Estimate for Installation Period JOINER—The city of Joiner is expected to have a complete municipal water system for the first timi within 30 to 45 days. Mayor H. H Howerton said following beginning of construction yesterday on the long-planned unit. Joiner has had running water in only a few business buildings and municipal fire hydrants. The cit: has its own well arid pumping system, along with a $20,000 filtering unit purchased two years ago. While the new system will be an "extension" to the present system, il will in reality be the first municipal water system to provide water to residences, Mayor Howerton said A bond issue of $25,000, approved by the city's voters in August of 1951, and sold during the past year will pay for construction of the new system. Contractor for the construction is Municipal Utilities Corp. of Memphis. TO VIE FOR "MISS UNIVERSE" TITLE SHOT — Representing Mississippi County in a contest to determine the Arkansas entry in the Miss Universe contest will be (left to right above) Miss Julia Cruse, Miss Leachville of 1953; Miss Laura Meacham. Miss Manila of 1953; Miss Doris Bean, Miss BIytheville of 1953, and Miss Ann Hindman, runner-up In the Miss BIytheville contest. The Arkansas entry will be selected at Jonesboro on July 2, and the Miss Universe contest will be conducted In Long Beach, Calif., July 9-19. Judges for the Jonesboro event will be three businessmen there, Morris McKinney, .lohn Cook and Ernest Parabee. (Courier News Photo) Soviets on Powder Keg— East Germany Remains Restless and Dangerous By TOM REEDY BERLIN (AP) — Hunger stalked Germany's Communist Eastern zone today, fizzing ht powderkeg which exploded last week into a workers' rebellion against Russian repres- First Cotton Bloom Reported Mississippi County's first reported cotton bloom was discovered today on the farm of G. G. Caudill, Jr.. at Milligan Ridge. First reported bloom this year failed by six day to match the earliest last year. The first bloom of 1952 was reported on June 11, on the Fred Fleeman farm at Brown Spur near Manila. The bloom found today followed by 14 days the first square reported to Courier News this year from the E. L. Hale farm at Armorel. Phone Hearings Recessed LITTLE ROCK (IP) — The installment-type Southwestern Bell Telephone Company rate hearing before the Arkansas Public Service Speck Head Of Shawnee School Board JOINER — The Shawnee School Board has been re-organized with Leslie E. Speck named president to succeed J. B. Wilso.n Other new officers include Aron Eifling, vice president, and Henry Woods, secretary. The board announced that all school buildings are being repaired in the district. The Negro schools at Frenchman's Bayou and Joiner are being repaired, and new furniture is being installed. New roofs are being put on the Home Economics Building and Boy SL ut Hut at Shawnee High School. The study hall and cafeteria are to be repaired find new furniture Installed in the study hall. The Elementary Buildin gis being painted inside. Three new school buses have been purchased. Swim Classes Nearino End Red Cross officials announced today that children's swimming classes at Walker Park pool will end Friday morning. There will be no aquatic show Commission was recessed tale yes- presented this year, they said but tfirday until July H after a 1-day invited parents •- ••'-" "• wssion. j C ] a5 , ,c6 6 ion. ,lon. Refugees to West Berlin reported hat the East Germans, undaunted iy Soviet tanks and firinsr squads, lave defied mavtial law with irbtcst marches demanding: bread hrough the streets of Leipzig, Dresden, Demnitz and Eisenach. The tottering puppet government f Premier otto Grotewohl admitted it faced "grave problems" feeding the 18 million restive East Germans. Its news agency and broadcasts announced state food handling agencies had pledged to make up the losses "caused by the Fascist Western agents" in the strike and riot wave launched June 17. Farmers were urged to co-operate. Troops Eating Up Bread East Berlin was better off than most areas, but with two policing Russian armored divisions living off what was available the city was short of bread and potatoes. Refugees described conditions in many Soviet zone cities as catastrophic. Communist police patrols, they snid, were touring the streets with sound trucks blaring that things would get better. Farmers, browbeaten for years by arbitrary . Communist quotas, were reported withholding their produce from central state collection points, bringing extension of the Red Army's martial law to the agricultural belt. Farmers also were said to be making behind-the-fence deliveries of food to workers and their families In ^distressed areas. The wave of arrests and executions continued. The anti-Red underground estimated 16,000 alleged strike leaders were behind bars. The latest death penalty reported was meted out to Communist Mayor H. W. Hnrtmann of Doebernitz, in Saxony-Anhalt. He was the first party official reported engulfed in the wave of terror nnd the 22nd German definitely known to have been executed. Refugees said H a r t in a n n knocked down n German Communist policeman who ' fired into a crowd of demonstrators. Soviet military courts dealt out scores of 25 • year sentences in Magdeburg and Leipzig. Four thousand East Berliners were reported in jail. There was some relaxation of the barrier of Soviet steel between East and West Berlin. The 40,000 East Berliners who normally work across the frontier were given spe- ayduesho ar esrts sc osbaoi tnc cial passes to cross the boundary daily. Presumably the beset East government was glad to get them away from the overcrowded food lines. West Berlin throbbed with sym- See SOVIET on Page 10 Lowered Taxes for Congressmen? By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON (AD — The House of Representatives, kept bottled up a bill for individual tax reduction, has voted stantial tax relief. But the Senate may knnck the , posal last year, said he would fight the head, as it did last it again this year. Some members of Congress, Wil- plan year. Without debate and with no audible oppositilon, the House voted yesterday to allow members of Congress to deduct all their Washington expenses when they figure out their tax bills. They could deduct lodging,' food, taxicabs, harges and so on for thi but not for their families. For tax purposes, their legal residences would be in their home districts, and all Washington expenses would be considered business expenses and deductible for tax purposes. Congress members may now deduct up to $3,000 a year as Washington expenses. Touch Time The tax relief proposal was writ- en Into the annual appropriation ill! to finance Congress. It was proposed by Rpp. McCormack ID- Mass), who long had advocated a pay raise for cpngressmen on the ground that they have difficulty making ends meet on their present $15,000 official income. A similar proposal was added >y the House last year to the same bill, but the Senate knocked it out and the result was the compromise allowing members of Congress .0 deduct up to $3,000 as business expenses. The McCormack proposal In effect would remove this Hint- .ation. Sen. Williams (R-Dcl), who led tb« ScnaU fight against the pro- liams said, have large outside incomes which put them In the bracket taxed at 90 per cent of income. He estimated that these members spent at least $20,000 a telpDhone ! ycar whllc '" Washington, and, if ,„'„*;,", they could deduct at all, their tax e e 'bill would be decreased by 90 per cent of that'amount, or $18,000. The House-voted plan, he said, which since last February lias to give its own members suh- "gives the most relief to those who I need it least.' McCormack estimated that the average congressman spends at least $4,500 on business expenses while attending sessions of Con- gres. Other members said that was a conservative estimate. It's only fair, he said, that the lawmakers be treated the same as anyone else coming to Washington on business and be allowed to deduct their necessary expenses. Caruthersville Bridge Plans Go,to Capital Revised plans for the Tennessee-Missouri bridge- to b<- located six- tenths of a mile north of Caruthersvillc, Mo., are to be sent to the chief of the Corps of Engineers In Washington for approval, It was announced yesterday. The Corps of Engineers office at Memphis said no serious objections to this location were received by the deadline Friday. The original location, about a mile and a half north of Caruthersville, was abandoned when navigation Interests said tt was too neav a difficult bend in the river. The 5,SOO-foot bridge Is expected will of the Corps of Engineers, the plans will be sent to the Secretary of the Army for final approval. BVD Meeting Shied , The BIytheville Value Days Committee of the Chamber of Commerce's Merchant's Division was slated to meet at 2:30 p.m. today to cost about $12,000,000 and will in the Chamber offices In discuss bo financed by tolls. j the possibility of a "Mr. BVD" pro- After being okayed by Uu chid I motion to b* held In July. Rhee May Withdraw Army from U N Control If Truce Is Signed on Present Terms, ROK Troops to be Free SEOUL (AP) — South Korea's army will be withdrawn from control of the U. N. Command and go it alone if a truce is signed on present terms, President Syngman Rhee said today. • Rhee's threat was included in replies to questions submitted by Columbia Broadcasting System's Far Eastern chief, George Herman. There -was no other reference to the possibility of South Korea's pulling out of the U. N. Command. After talking with Rhee yesterday, Qen. Mark Clark told newsmen there was an understanding that if Rhee "felt the time had come to consider such disastrous action that he would discuss it with me before he came to that deci- Council Okays YHQ Purchase by City The City Council last night adopted a resolution authorizing the city to purchase from the Public Housing Administration the Veterans Housing Quarters area at the air base at a cost of §8,522.30. In a special session, the Council <• also adopted a resolution agreeing to provide fire and police protection for the air base area during the period of reactivation construction. The government will pay the city $4,150 a month for these services during this period, which is expected to be about two years. This agreement was made retroactive to Sunday. In acquiring the VHQ property— for which the city Is paying only the original cost of the land—the city has agreed to make a down payment of $1,522.30 and payments of $1,400 on June 30 of each year from 1954 through 1958. Interest will be paid according to the "federal going rate,' 'according to the resolution. The VHQ housing is scheduled to be operated as low-rent quarters for enlisted personnel and civilians employed at the base. The city is slated to repair the buildings. The VHQ has been held by the city under a grant from the PHA. and operated by the American Legion. Plans far operating the quarters under the cit yare being worked out by a committee of aldermen composed of Rupert Cralton. Jesse White and John Caudill. Present tenants of the apartments will be allowed to remain until construction gets underway. After tha time—Aug. 10. according to bid Invi tations issued by the Corps of En gineers — only persons oonnecte with construction operations ma occupy the units. The resolution adopted last nigh also instructs the city to turn ovc to the government the "net profit f any" from operations of the VH, since it v.'as acquired in 1946. City Likely To Be Critical Housing Area An amendment to a federal law that will make it possible for BIytheville to be declared a critical housing area due to reactivation of the air base here was approved yesterday by the Senate Banking Committee. Introduced by Sen. J. W. Fulbright, the amendment would extend for one year the government's authority to declare new critical housing areas. Under the Defense Housing and Community facilities Act, the Federal Housing Administration may designate such areas and set up housing programs in them. Presence of defense Installations is the criteria lor establishing such areas, According to an Associated Press story from Washington, Sen. Pulbright's amendment was proposed because of the air bases to be established at BIytheville and Little Rock. Week Remains To Get Wheat Crop Allotments One week remains In which farmers de.sinng to raise wheat, but who have not previously reported acreages in wheat, may apply for 1954 acreage allotments. Production and Marketing Administration officials said early this month that to be considered for an allotment on a farm which had no wheat seeded during 1951, 1952 and 1953, the farmer desiring an allotment must apply in writing to the county PMA commute* by June 30. Blank applications may be obtained at. the PMA office In the Court House. Farmers who raised wheat during the three-year period, and who reported yield for those years, will receive arn-nso allotment quotas based nn past, production, it was inuounced. { said Cherry. While in sion." "That time has not come in my opinion," Clark said. Rhee also listed terms he said must be included in an acceptable armistice agreement. They were identical with the points of a compromise proposal reported earlier today by AP Tokyo Bureau Chief Robert Eunson. Sources close to the TJ. S. Embassy here said Rhee's terms were wholly unacceptable to the U. N. Command. His Terms His proposal calls for: 1. Simultaneous withdrawal of both U. N. and Chinese forces from Korea. 2. A mutual defense pact with the United States. 3. A three-month post-armistice peace conference with the war to resume if no agreement is reached, before the 90-day deadline. Rhee said that in conferences yesterday and today Gen. Mark Clark asked him to keep 8,200 anti- Communist Korean prisoners of war still in Allied stockades under guard and to prevent their escape. "We are in a difficult situation," Rhee said. "These prisoners demand they be set free." About his order releasing 27,000 tmti-Red Korean prisoners from TJ. N. camps, Rhee said: "The U. N. authorities should thank me for it instead of calling me a violator. Did anyone representing the U. N. or the U. S. ever false the question as to what the Communists did with our prisoners of war? No. One did question the violation of all international law by the Communists but everyone is brave to condemn me as a violator. I do not understand such inconsistency." No Faith Rhee said he did not believe for one minute that the Reds will keep an armistice or a peace treaty that might follow it. "I do not beileve the U. N. advocates of the armistice themselves have much faith in it. They are agreeing to it, with a grain of salt and with a knowledge of the risk of failure, just for the sake of a make-believe peace." Rhee said that even now the Communists are parachuting men Into various places in Korea and infiltrating thousands of armed nen into South Korea as they did before the war. He argued that the armistice would elate Communists all over the world and give them hope that they can get away with more aggression. "You remember that when the American servicemen asked at the beginning of the Korea War, 'what are we fighting for?' Their officers told them if you do not fight in Atlanta, Cherry and | Korea now you will have to fight Under 12 Years Too Young For Reformatories Cherry Plans to Remove Them from Penal Schools ATLANTA f/p) — Gov. Francis Cherry said last night he intends to remove all children under the age of 12 from Arkansas juvenile reformatories. "Anyone under 12 Is too young to be confined In these schools." said Cherry, who attended a meeting here of the Georgia Big Brothers Association, a group that helps juvenile delinquents. Cherry said Arkansas needs "a lot of social legislation and the juvenile court system and training school program need to be brought up to date." The governor said he would advocate the organization of child welfare advisory committees in every county in Arkansas. Scores School These remarks came on (he heels of a surprise week end visit to the Negro Boys Industrial School at WrlRhtsville. Cherry said the school had "atrocious" plumbing, no recreational facilities, very little athletic equipment and not enough linen. There is very little at Wrightsville, the governor said, that is conducive to rehabilitation. "Better adjustment of children in state Juvenile training schools Is a more serious national problem than an increase in juvenile delinquency," Georgia's Gov. Herman Talmadge attended a meeting of the Fulton County Juvenile Court Big Brothers Association "to learn something" about their metohds of helping juvenile delinquents. Mrs. R. /. Haley Dies; Services Thursday m your own backyard some day. Let me ask you, have you truly eliminated the danger of having to fight in your own backyard?" Red Cross Here Issues Call for Bandage Material Mrs. R. I. Haley, 73, 1009 West Walnut, long-time resident of Ely- The Red Cross office here s.iid i today its supply of bandage material for cancer patients has bfie,i ex- I hausted and askcrt for contributions i of soft white clothes. j Mrs. Floyd Haralson, executive theville and former principal of jun- i ^r^'/^,*'' chickasawba c ^ a Pior high school here, died ar, her, t^ses ma>e the 1 jest cine'" • ri home today following a lengthy ill- j but that any soft, clean white ma- ness, terial j-ould serve the purpose If persons who can contribute ruch material will leave it at the Hed Cross office on North Second Funeral services are, to be conducted at 10 a.m. Thursday at First Baptist Church by the Rev. E. C. Brown. Born at Humbolt, Tenn., she married In 1901 and moved to Glrason, Tenn., where she lived until coming to BIytheville in 1917. Mrs. Haley graduated from a young ladies' seminary in west Tennessee and attended Peabody Col- ege in Nashville, Tenn. A member of the Fir*t Baptist. Church, she took an active part in church activities as lony as lu-r health permitted. Survivors Include three daughters, Mrs. V. M. Falrcs of Raleigh, N. C., Mrs. Lloyd Stlckmon, Mrs. C M. Smart of BIytheville; a sister, Mrs. Shobe Smith of Dresden, Tenn.; 'our grandchildren, Joe Orr, Jr., of College Station, Tex., Mrs. Lawrence Fouraker of Penn State, 'cnn., Murray Smart, ,)r., and John Richard Stickmon, both of Blythe- rille; nnd two great grandchildren. Pallbearers will be Jesse White, Freeman Robinson, Phillips Robln- on, Jesse Taylor, Alvin Huffman, '.. and Russell Baugh. Cobb Funeral Home il in charge. Street, she said, the chater will see Ihnt they reach cancer patients here. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy and continued warm this afternoon, tonight, nnri Wednesday. Possibility of :> few widely scattered Unmder- >ho\vors. .MISSOURI — partly cloudy tonight with widely scattered 'thunderstorms southwest and extreme west portions; generally fair and warmer Wednesday; low tonight 6575; high Wednesday in thfi 90s northeast to about 100 southwest. Maximum yesterday—102. Minimum yesterday morning—87. Sunrise tomorrow—4:48, Sunset today— 7:10 Moiin tempera* 1 1rf (midway between high and low)—8-1,5. Normal mean for Junfr—77.5. Preclp. lust 24 hours (fl:30 p,m. to 6:30 p.m.)—none. I'reclp, Jnn. 1 to elite—30.41. This Dali- Last Yrnr Minimum this n-inr.nlnR- -l.v Maximum yesterday—101. Preclp. Jan, 1 to dat

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