Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa on June 19, 1946 · Page 7
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Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa · Page 7

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Postville, Iowa
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Wednesday, June 19, 1946
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Page 7
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WEDNESDAY, JUNE 10, 1046. THE POSTVILLE HERALD, POSTVILLE. IOWA. PAGE SEVEN. for the ner.ld'1 Homemaker, by Io Wa State College Home Economists There's A "Know-How"— FREEZING ISN'T MAGIC Work fast If you want a good frozen product from vour fruits and vegetables. The less time that elaspses between taking the product from the garden and putting It In the freezer, the better it will be And If there's any delay at all after the food is packed and before it can be transported to a locker, keep it cool in the refrigerator. Frozen foods, some folks feel, are second only to fresh foods in flavor, appearance and quality. That may be true, but there are a lot of "its" that must be taken care of first. Frozen fruits and vegetables arc tops— IF they were good products to start with. IF vegetables were scalded properly. IF they were packed in moisture- proof, air-tight containers. IF they were rushed to the locker immediately. IF they were frozen rapidly and stored preferably below 0 decree Fahrenheit. WM. C. BAKKUM CHIROPRACTOR In Postville Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays JOSEPH B. STEELE ATTORNEY-AT-L AW Office Over Abernethy's Store Telephone No. 240 DR. H. D. COLE Dentist Office Over Citizens State Bank Dr. F. W. KIESAU, M.D. JDr.M. F. KIESAU, M. D. Office Over Louis Schtitte's Hours—Dally 9 to 12 and 1 to 5 Wed, and Sat.—7 to 8:30 p. m. Dr. C. M. Morgan VETERINARIAN Office Opposite Fost Office Telephone No. 14G-J LOUIS SCHUTTE WILLARD SCHUTTE Funeral Directors and Embalmcrs Cut Flowers For All Occasions BURLING & PALAS ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Office Over Postville State Bank J. W. MYERS, M.D. Office Over Luhman & Sanders Telephones: Office 188-W Residence 188-X Dr. R: F. Schneider VETERINARIAN Phone No. 170 Postvlllc, Iowa u »y and Night Calls Answered Office In The Iris Theatre Building IF they were not stored too lone. Of course, there probably are other factors, that enter in, but these are usually the ones that can be blamed if frozen fruits and vegetables arc not satisfactory. Won't Come Out Better. No product—whether fruit or vegetable—will come out of the locker better than when it was put in. There's no manic to freezing. A vegetable that was toimh and over-mature will come out of the locker the same way. Iowa State College nutritionists say, if anything, pick vegetables on the young side for freezing. Freeze fruits when they're at the best eating .stage. Scalding vegetables, among ether things, brightens the color, prevents discoloration and prevents loss of aroma and flavor. But there's a limit to how much scalding is necessary. Nutritionists suggest keeping a time chart on hand—and an eye on the clock during the scalding process. It's easy to overscald and easy to under- scald. Experiments at Iowa State have proven that a small amount of vegetable scalded in a large amount of water gives a better frozen product. The nutritionists recommend one pint of vegetables to four or five gallons of water. With this much boiling water, the small amount of vegetables is not likely to stop the boiling when it is immersed. That way, scalding timing is more accurate. No Container Perfect. As for containers—none are perfect for frozen foods. Because they should be air-tight and moisture-tight, glass jars and tin cans are perhaps the best. They are not as easy to pack in a locker as the square-shaped container, but they do "yield" a better product. Folks with home freezers have more to say about the fifth "IF" than those storing their foods in lockers. All foods should be frozen as soon as possible after they're picked. And the lower the temperature, the better. A minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit, or lower, is recommended by Iowa State specialists for a freezing temperature for fruits and vegetables. In the home freezer, freezing in small amounts is better as it's easy to overload a small unit, delaying the freezing of all packages. All frozen foods should be stored at approximately zero. The state law in Iowa requires a storage temperature not above 10 degrees although many locker owners recognize the need for a lower temperature and keep their storage rooms around zero. The longer a frozen product is stored, the more it slumps In quality. For fruits and vegetables, nutritionists say not to count on a storage period longer than six to eight months. That will tide the family over until the next gardening season. SEND IOWA ROBIN TO BROOKFIELD ZOO An albino robin found recently by Lynn Slika of Hazellon is now on exhibit at the Brookileld Zoo in Chicago. Albinoism, a white color phase, occurs in all species of plants and animals. Albinoism in robins is not uncommon and white birds are found occasionally even in flocks of blackbirds and crows. Allamakee Rendering Works Call 555 Postville ALL DEAD ANIMALS LARGE OR SMALL We Pay Cash and Meet All Competition WE WILL PAY FOR THE CALL) Keep dusting or spraying in your garden, because those black flea beetles are persistent foes who chew small "gunshot" holes in leaves. Dust most of the attacked vegetables regularly with a mixture of one part lead or calcium arsenate and 10 parts dusting sulfur. Use three percent DDT in sulfur to dust potatoes. The same dust may be used on beans until the pods start to set. Those who prefer spraying can use the commercial dry bordeaux. Make up a gallon of the bordeaux and add one tablespoon of calcium arsenate to the gallon of bordeaux. Feed tomatoes after they have been planted for at least a month or by the time the first small fruits have set. A complete chemical garden fertilizer should be used. Apply a small handful to each plarlt. Sprinkle the fertilizer in a broad band. Keep several inches away from the stem. Scratch the fertilizer in slightly and if possible water it down. Vigorously growing tomato plants will withstand the ravages of leaf spot disease or "blight" as many gardeners call it. «... Training tomato plants to one stem will produce earlier and larger fruits for slicing. But fewer fruits per plant will result. Another disadvantage is that pruned tomatoes are likely to result in loss of fruit as a result of sun- scald. * . . * • Mulch tomatoes shortly after they have been fertilized with a complete chemical garden fertilizer. Dried grass or straw may be used to place around the plants to a depth of several inches. Many gardeners pull up pea vines as soon as most of the pods are picked and spread the vines around the tomatoes. Mulching pays, because it keeps down weeds, keeps the ground cooler and keeps the ground moist. Blossom end rot of the fruits is thus kept down. . . * . . Keep planting. Gardeners who keep planting up until the last of August can help reduce a critical famine situation. Small seed lima beans, such as Henderson bush, may still be planted within the next week or so. Bush snap beans may be planted until early July. Small successive plantings of sweet corn should be made up until July 15. Use an early maturing variety, such as Marcross, for the last planting. It is not too late to plant tomatoes, eggplants, peppers and cabbage. Lots of vegetables can be produced by starting to plant now. BROCCOLI FOR FREEZING BETTER PICKED YOUNG If you're looking for the buds to show yellow flowers on your broccoli, it will be too mature for freezing. Instead, pick it a little on the young side to get tender stalks, say nutritionists at Iowa State College. Then cut the tender parts of broccoli stalks in small pieces. Scald them two minutes in continuously boiling water. Use a large amount of water for a small amount of vegetable. About one pint of broccoli to four or five gallons of water is a recommended amount. Nutritionists say that scalding brightens the green color, shrinks and softens broccoli so it can be packed to better advantage, and destroys enzymes that might cause spoilage later. Broccoli won't be as apt to dry out or lose its color or flavor during freezing storage if covered with a salt-water solution. Use one. tablespoon salt to one quart cold water. Leave a space at the top for expansion during freezing—% inch for pint containers and % inch for quart containers. KEEP COWS OFF WEEDS BEFORE MILKING TIME One of the best short cuts to oft- flavored low-quality milk is to let the cows graze on weed-infested pastures, says Floyd Johnston, Iowa State College dairy specialist. Damage from weed flavors in milk and cream will become worse as the hot weather in late June and July causes blue grass to turn brown. And in some areas the situation may be bad enough to result in cream rejection, Johnston lists 10 weeds that are likely to cause trouble in parts of the state. These include wild onion, bit- terweed, yarrow, stinkweed, wild lettuce, buckhorn, peppergrass, oxeye daisy, chicory and shepherd's purse. The new oat crop, which now looks promising, may relieve the tight situation, AUCTIONEERING Having recently graduated from the Reisch American School of Auctioneering, I am prepared to handle all types of sales, as household, real estate and farm auctions. Will be glad to consider your needs for an auctioneer and invite your inquiries. ELDON DULL AUCTIONEER Phone 31S5-F-161 Monona, Iowa Few Heavy Rainstorms Cause Most of Soil Loss Farmers fighting to keep their soil in place with contouring, terracing and sod crops see every rain as a foe, in one sense, which must constantly be battled. Actually a relatively small percentage of a season's rains do most of the damage. Soil losses were measured at the Soil Conservation Experimental Farm in Page County over a 10 year period. During this period two rains caused 30 percent of the soil loss. These two rains removed the equivalent of an inch of soil from the experimental fields. Total rainfall in these two rains was only 1.6 percent of that which fell during the 10 year period. But it was the way they came that did the damage. Driving Rains. A hard driving rain falling on unprotected plowed ground can cause severe erosion. Rains of this kind frequently come in May and June. If the field is planted to corn or soybeans there is little protection unless terraces, contour rows or other protective practices are on hand to divert and absorb the water. Even oats give little protection during a portion of this spring period. It helps, of course, to have the soil in condition to absorb large quantities of water. Soil of fields in a good rotation are more absorbent than those continually cropped to grain. There's a difference in soils, too. Some are naturally of a texture that takes water more readily than others. A Few Rains. Studying further the influence of rain on soil loss the experiments showed that 25 percent of the rains caused 80 percent of the damage. These rains, which averaged about three a year, eroded the equivalent of 3.1 inches of soil per acre. The study was made on a 9 percent slope planted to corn up and down the hill. It emphasizes that protection must be provided for the extremes of rainfall for which good rotations, contouring and other practices are sufficient most of the time. ALUMINUM EXECUTIVE COMPLIMENTS IOWA When Thomas D. Jolly, vice president and chief engineer of Aluminum Company of America, announced his company's plans for the construction of a new $30,000,000 plant near Davenport, he credited Iowa's central location, balanced economy, and encouraging attitude toward industry for the selection of the site. "Undoubtedly, you want to know why we chose Iowa," Mr. Jolly said to the 200 guests who attended the announcement luncheon in Davenport. "I will tell you why. The reasons are printed in the book, "Iowa—Land of Industrial Opportunity," which was sent to mo by the Iowa Development Commission." Mr. Jolly read the following excerpts from the Development Commission book: "The state is perfectly located for nation-wide distribution. Iowa is geographically in the center of the nation. It is just slightly west of the center of population and this center is steadily moving toward Iowa. Iowa, itself, represents a splendid market." He read also the concluding paragraph of the first chapter entitled, "Going Forward in Iowa:" "Again, we point out, Iowa does not desire to upset her balanced economy by becoming a great industrial state. Iowa will welcome and will cooperate with the kind of new industry which will appreciate what Iowa offers and which will help to maintain in Iowa this balance that makes Iowa str9ng and self-reliant." ' GET LOTS OF OPENINGS TO POOL LAYING HOUSE Just leaving the windows open on the south side of the laying house doesn't guarantee good ventilation, warns Boyd Ivory, Iowa State College poultry specialist. Good ventilation means that fresh air enters the house and sweeps out the hot air pockets. To get that job done, Ivory says there must be openings on at least two sides of the house. Having openings on three sides' is even better. In most of the old-style houses, proper window openings will call for a bit of remodeling. It will mean taking some of the windows out of the south side of the house and moving them to the east and west walls, RECORD WALL-EYE TAKEN AT STORM LAKE The largest wall-eye pike taken for several years in Storm Lake has been reported by conservation officer Frank Starr, The big wall-eye was taken by Clayton Daniels of Storm Lake on a "dare devil" and tipped the scales at exactly ten pounds. Wall-eye, silver bass and crappie fishing has been reported as excellent in this lake, with six and seven pound wall-eyes rather common, Monona and Postville Rendering Service We Pay Up To— $2.50 For Horses and Cows Permit 45 For Prompt Service Telephone POSTVILLE LOCKER SERVICE Telephone No. 288 Monona Farmers Phonr No, 201 Heating Flour In Oven Will Destroy Weevils The flour weevil hasn't a chance after a half-hour or so in the oyen, according to Harold Gunderson, Iowa State College entomologist. He says to safeguard what flour you might have on hand from weevils, spread it on a large baking sheet and stick it in an oven set around 160 to 180 degrees Fahrenheit. If your oven will not set at that low a temperature, Gunderson suggests leaving the door open a ways. Leave the flour in the oven until it has been heated clear through for 30 minutes. And Gunderson says that may mean you'll have to leave it in for 35 to 45 minutes. The heat kills the weevil in all of its stages. However, it doesn't prevent more infestation from occurring. So Gunderson says after the flour has been heat treated, it should be stored in air-tight containers. Or keeping flour stored in refrigerated lockers will inhibit the growth of weevils. Coating the outside of the flour bin and the inside of the cabinet where the bin fits with a 5 percent DDT solution in oil will help prevent insect infestation of flour, according to Gunderson. Gunderson says if after these precautionary measures are taken you still are bothered with insects in your flour, better check up on the rest of the house to find where they're coming from. It may be from old seed corn stored in the attic, or an old sack of meal. Chicken feed, he says should not be stored near the house, as that's a good place for such insects. And to make sure it's not your corn cob supply in the basement that's the brooding place for bugs, spray it with a kerosene solution. NON-LAYER WASTES G -7 POUNDS FEED A MONTH Every non-laying hen on an Iowa farm wastes from 6 to 7 pounds of feed a month, says Ralph Baker, Iowa State College marketing specialist. He believes this should be reason enough to get rid of the loafing birds. Looking at the figures another way, Baker says four of these "vacationing" hens eat enough feed in a month to take care of a pullet from the day she is hatched until she goes into the laying house in the fall. When the yellow color starts coming back to the beak and legs of a hen, that's the best sign that she's stopped producing eggs. Such birds likely will have shrunken and dry appearing combs and wattles. This condition is the best guide in culling non- yellow skin breeds. Baker emphasizes that it's a mistake to think of culling.as a once-or twice-a-year job. The best procedure is to have a catching hook handy all the time. Every week or so a roundup can be made and the non-layers put on the market. High feed costs and the shortage of feeds make this a profitable program. CONSERVING SOIL CONFRONTS STATE. Soil conservation is the paramount long distance problem confronting Iowa and the nation, Director R. K. Bliss, of the Iowa Agricultural Extension Service, believes. "As we prepare to observe Soli Conservation Week In Iowa we must recognize soil conservation as the most important fundamental economic problem confronting all the people of the state," he said. The week of June 17 has been designated by Gov. Robert D. Blue as Iowa Soil Conservation Week. If Iowa is to continue as a great state agriculturally and Industrially we must perpetuate and develop our agricultural resources. This means using good sound judgment and common sense in the way we handle our soil, Bliss stated. He pointed out that the welfare of the farms and the cities and towns is closely intertwined. Unless agriculture is prosperous the cities and towns cannot be prosperous if soil resources become depleted. Heavy cropping during the last few years has seriously depleted the soil. Continued demand for food makes It imperative that we crop heavily until world food shortages are overcome, according to the director. To offset the heavy demands on fertility and the erosion hazards that cropping creates requires that particular attention should be given to soil management and soil conservation practices in Bliss' opinion. He therefore urges Iowa people to be especially conscious of the need for soil conservation this year. June is the critical month in the battle with weeds. If you can keep them down now, many of the vegetable and field crops will shade the ground so that the pests will be controlled more easily after this month. WILL YOUR "SHIP" COME IN? Don't let it flounder on the seas of uncertainty. Chart a SAFE course to Debt-Free Farm Ownership with a Federal Land Bank loan through the NATIONAL FARM LOAN ASSOCIATION H. G. LUDEMAN Decorah, Iowa Low FARM Interest LOANS Long Term NOTICE New Improved Service Postville to Waterloo via INDEPENDENCE Now 2 Buses Daily Lv. 5:32 a.m. Arrive Waterloo 10:50 a.m. Lv. 2:45 p.m. Arrive Waterloo 5:35 p.m. RETURN TRIP Lv. Waterloo 7:30 a.m. Arrive Postville 10:01 a.m. Lv. Waterloo 10:00 p.m. Arrive Postville 1:25 a.m. BUS DEPOT THE PALM g H 1 3 HIGHER PRICES! FOR DEAD ANIMALS Small Animals are just as acceptable to us as larger ones! We are paying higher prices for dead animals! By Higher Prices we do not mean MERELY meeting competition. Due to present conditions of roads Tankage is available at Art Bicker's Service Station. The supply is limited. ' You may either call us collect at our plant, telephone No. 1000, or if more convenient, see or call the service station of ABT EICKEB in Postville, No. 287. Postville Rendering FLOYD BLY, Proprietor Tim tor tn, ^ ult uumiiK * 'Hr .V t r in K IIH i •< ainnnu CROSS Oil. CO. I' M" -i I In, Krl .lllliliT s HI I < > 11 Ml h i\\ \

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