The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on October 1, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Tuesday, October 1, 1974
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101st YEAR NO. 230 FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA 56537 TUESDAY, OCT. 1, 1974 SINGLECOPYlOc ; Trial of Watergate defendants opens ARRIVE FOR HEARING - H.R. Haldeman, right, former chief of staff for Richard Nixon, and his attorney John Wilson, left, arrive at U.S. District Court in Washington Monday for a hearing with Judge John Sirica. At center background is Haldeman's other attorney, Frank Slrickler. (AP Wirephoto) WASHINGTON (AP) - O.m-c mighty officials of the Nixon administration went on trial today on charges they tried to block ttie investigation of the June 1972 Watergate break-in. At 9:29 a.m. by the courtroom clock, U.S. District Judge John J. .Sirica entered (he courtroom to preside in the case of "The United States versus John Mitchell, et al." Most of the seals in the courtroom were taken by a panel of 170 prospective jurors. Sirica told them he would begin by asking general questions to weed out any obviously unqualified and Ihen question the remainder in private. The selection process, that could lust one week or more, will result in 12 jurors and six alternates being chosen for the trial. Sirica has said he hopes to complete the trial before Christmas. A small number of 'lemon- strators gathered outside the federal courthouse and one of them sp;it on former White House aide John D. Ehrlichman, one of the five defendants. Ehrlichman was struck on the right shoulder bul appeared unmoved by the incident. His lawyer, Andrew C. Hall, shoved the demonstrator away. 'llic other defendants are former Ally. (len. John N. Mii- chell, ex-White House staff chief ll.H. llaldeman; former Assistant Ally. Gen. Robert C. Mardian; and Kenneth W. Parkinson, one-lime lawyer for Nixon's re-election committee. Moments before Sirica called the Irial to order all the defendants had arrived and greeted each other briefly. It was the first time they had been together in a courtroom since they pleaded innocent to the charges on March 9. Sirica admonished the prospective jurors to answer the preliminary questions truthfully and advised them that the indictment returned against the defendants "is simply an accusation... it is not evidence in the case." Sirica said the jury will be sequestered in a motel near the courthouse and that the members will Ix; allowed to read newspapers, watch television and listen to radio but that all news accounts of Ihe trial will lie kept from them. He then began a series of questions designed to eliminate persons who would suffer hardship by serving on the jury or who have obvious biases for or Lower meat prices said possibility WASHINGTON (AP) - A decline in prices paid farmers for cattle and hogs holds out a possibility of lower retail prices this fall — but higher prices for meat later on. Elsewhere on the economic scene, airline costs may be headed upward and a 10-cent-a- gallon gasoline tax remains under study by the government. The Agriculture Department reported Monday that its farm price index declined two per cent from Aug. 15 to Sept. 15, the first drop since spring. . But the report contained a warning of possible future problems. It attributed much of the decline to lower farm prices for cattle and hogs, because farmers have been sending more to market. This could mean lower meat prices at retail later this fall — if the middlemen pass the reductions along. But, said the Agriculture Department, at least part of the extra animals are breeding stock, which means there will be fewer pigs and cattle next year and therefore less meat later on. That's what happened earlier during similar cutbacks by poultry farmers. Eggs and poultry went up 13 per cent the following month. In related developments, it was announced the executive committee of President Ford's new Economic Policy Board is meeting daily to consider proposals put forth during a month of economic summit meetings completed last weekend. The Civil Aeronautics Board reported Monday that four of the nation's airlines have asked to increase domestic fares by 4 to 7 per cent Nov. 1 because of increased fuel costs. Other airlines reportedly are considering similar moves. The CAB must approve fare hikes, but it has said it will go along with those that can be justified by the rising cost of fuel. That cost is now two-thirds more than it was a year ago. Continental Airlines asked for a 7 per cent increase, while 4 per cent increases were requested by American, Eastern and Trans World Airlines. A 4 per cent increase in air On Capitol Hill Ford offering to discuss pardon before commit fee WASHINGTON (AP) President Ford has offered to discuss his pardon of former President Richard M. Nixon before a House panel in what would be the first such congressional appearance by a President since Abraham Lincoln. George Washington was the only other President to testify in congress while in office. Ford told a House Judiciary subcommittee Monday night he wants to arrange the appearance within the next 10 days to answer 14 questions on the pardon. Questions include whether negotiations for the pardon began before Nixon resigned, whether any promises or conditions were made and whether Ford had any psychiatric or medical reports on Nixon when he granted the pardon. While House spokesmen said Ford is leaving to the subcom- WEATHER FERGUS FALLS AREA Clear and cold lonight, lows in upper teens and 20s. Clear to paniy cloudy and warmer Wednesday, highs in 50s. High Monday 43 Overnight I.ow 27 Al 8 a.m 30. At noon 41. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today: None Tompvraluri's One Year Ago Maximum nil Minimum 51 mittee any decision on live television coverage and whether the President will be put under oath. Ford offered the surprise personal appearance in a letter to subcommittee chairman William L. Hungate, D-Mo., as the House took up a related bill cutting Ford's $850,000 expense money request for Nixon to $398,000. An effort to cut it to $200,000 was promised in response to the pardon. And Rep. Jerome R. Waldie, D-Calif., contended that even Nixon's $60,000 pension should be denied because of the pardon's implication of "criminal conduct." A White House spokesman said Ford decided on the rare personal appearance after concluding "the direct approach was the best approach." He said Ford "is prepared to respond to each question and point of information in Ihe resolutions" but said he did not know if the President would accept other questions or submit to cross examination. For the limited purpose of the hearing, he said. Ford obviously was waiving executive privilege. Ford said he would answer questions in two "resolutions of inquiry" before the House subcommittee, one introduced by Rep. Bella S. Abzug, D-N.Y', posing 10 questions and one from Rep. John Conyers Jr., D- Mich., asking four. They include: —Did Ford know of specific criminal charges pending against Nixon when the pardon was granted? —Did former White House chief of staff Alexander M. Haig Jr. discuss a pardon with Nixon before or after Nixon's Aug. 9 resignation and, if so, what promises or conditions were made? —When was the pardon first discussed with Ford or his aides and who participated in Ihe negotialions for it? —Did Ford consult with others about the legal authority for the pardon, including Atty. Gen. William B. Saxbe, Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski, Vice President-designate Nelson A. Rockefeller or any attorney or law professor? Continued on page i6 fares would mean that a one- way ticket between l.os Angeles and New York would rise from $187 to nearly $195. The same ticket cost $168 before the fuel shortage. Air fares already have increased 11 per cent since last Dec. 1. President Ford reportedly takes a dim view of the proposal that the new federal economic policy include a 10-to 20- cenls-a-gallon gasoline tax. But Press Secretary Ron N'essen *** By LOUISE COOK Associated Press Writer The family grocery bill followed an all-too-familiar upward pattern during September, an Associated Press mar- ketbasket survey showed, although there were a few bargains at the meat counter. The cost of eggs, laundry detergent, cookies and sugar generally went up last month, while the price of pork chops and chopped chuck went down. The AP drew up a random list of 15 commonly purchased food and nonfood items, checked the prices on March 1, 1973, at a supermarket in each of 13 cities and rechecked al Ihe beginning of succeeding months. The latest check showed that during Septemlier the bill for the 15 items went up in 11 cities and down in two — Seattle, Wash., and Salt I-ake City, Utah. On the average, the bill al the start of October was 2.3 per cent higher than il was al Ihe beginning of September and 12 per cent more than at the start of the year. The latest price boosts in Ihe AP survey generally reflected higher farm prices caused by drought and bad weather in the Midwest. There is some bope said Ford is keeping an open mind on this and other suggestions. The lax is one of several proposals under study and a White House spokesman said Ford is expected to spend much of his time this week discussing a broad range of suggestions. The President is expected to unveil his new economic policy next week. Meanwhile, Gulf Oil Co. announced that effective immediately the wholesale price of ** * for (he future, however. The Agriculture Deparlment said Monday thai prices paid to farmers dropped 2 per cent from Aug. 15 to Sept. 15, the first decline since last spring. The lower farm prices could mean lower supermarket prices in a couple of months — if retailers pass along the savings. Administration officials have said that food prices will continue to rise in 1975, although at a slower pace than in 1974. The 1974 boost in food prices is expected lo be between 15 and 17 per cent, officials say. The latest AP survey showed that the price of a dozen, medium white eggs wenl up during September in 12 of 13 cities checked. ICggs were not available at the 13th supermarket. Off Page One Area happenings. Page 2 AAUW lour of homes scheduled. Page 5 On the local scene. Page 10 Historical Society holds annual meeting. Page 11 all grades of gasoline is being increased 1.5 cents a gallon. In addition, the price of No. 2 fuel oil will rise l.G cents a gallon. Ford spoke Monday to the annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund, telling the delegates that in- ternalional unselfishness is needed to solve the economic crisis. He said the United States wants "solutions to serve our broad interests, rather than narrow self-interests." ** * Despite the increases, however, eggs remained cheaper than they were at the start of the year, averaging 13 per cent less than they did at the beginning of January. Detergent, which remained fairly stable in price earlier, started rising during Septem- Ijcr, due to higher manufacturing costs caused by increases in prices charged for raw materials. The price of laundry delcr- gent went up in nine cities (luring September, rising an average of fl per cent. The price went down in one city and was unchanged in three. Center cul pork chops wenl down in seven cities, wilh the declines ranging up lo 30 per cent in Seattle where the price dropped from $1.69 a pound lo $1.19. Cho|)pcd chuck was down in six cities. The items on the AP checklist were: chopped chuck, center cut pork chops, frozen orange juice concentrate, coffee, paper towels, butter, Grade-A medium while eggs, creamy- peanut butter, laundry deter- genl, fabric softener, tomato sauce, chocolate chip cookies, milk, all-beef frankfurters and granulated sugar. against Ihe defendants. 'Hie defense and prosecution have subpoenaed former President Nixon as a witness. Neither Nixon nor his lawyer, Herbert J. Miller, has made any public response lo Ihe subpoenas. Monday, however, Dr. John C. l^ingren, the ailing former President's physician, said he believes it would be "al least a month, maybe three mon- Ihs," before Nixon could travel from California to Washington. Nixon entered Memorial Hospital Center of 1 ong Reach, Calif., a week ago suffering from a recurrence of the phlebitis that troubled him during his last year in office. After he entered Ihe hospital, doctors disclosed that a small blood clot had moved from Nixon's left leg lo his righl lung. While still president, Nixon was named an unindicted coconspirator in the case. President Ford subsequently granted him a pardon for any federal offenses committed while Nixon was in office. The defendants sought unsuccessfully to delay the trial until next year on the grounds the unprecedented publicity generated by Watergate, including the resignation and pardon of Nixon, would make it impossible to find unbiased jurors. Defendants along with Mitchell, fialcieman and Ehrlichman are former Assistant Atty. Gen. Robert C. Mardian and Kenneth W. Parkinson, one time attorney for Nixon's reelection committee. Sirica granted a prosecution motion Monday lo hold a separate trial for former White House aide Gordon C. Strachan. However, Sirica refused to dismiss the charges against Strachan, who claimed the case against him was based on testimony he gave under what he thought was an agreement it wouldn't be used against him. filter in the day, he rejected Mardian's request for a separate trial. Charges against a seventh defendant, former While House special counsel Charles W. Colson, were dismissed after he pleaded guilly in a separate case. All five defendants are charged with one count each of conspiracy to obstruct justice. All bul Mardian also are charged with one counl each of obstruction of juslice. In addition, Mitchell, Haldeman and IChrlichman are charged with lying lo authorities invesligating the break-in and cover-up. The indictment, returned by a federal grand jury last March 1, alleged that all five defendants conspired lo thwart the investigation of the break-in at Democratic National Committee headquarters in order to hide the identities of the administration and Nixon campaign officials who planned and knew about it. Standard time bill approved WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress has given more weight to public convenience than the energy shortage by voting to restore standard lime in the nation this winter. Senate passage without debate or dissent Monday sent the bill to President Ford, who is expected to sign it. As a result, virtually all Americans will set their clocks hack one hour Oct. 27, ending 10 straight months of daylight saving time. The only exceptions will be residents of eastern Indiana, Hawaii, Arizona, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and Samoa, who observe standard time 12 months a year. Next Feb. 23, clocks will be set forward an hour. Then, unless Congress intervenes again, the regular pattern of daylight time six months a year would be resumed in October 1975. Year-round daylight time was approved by Congress last December as an energy-con- CuntiiiuednnpageJS City budget gets tentative approval By PHILIP HAGF, City Editor The Fergus Falls City Council Monday night gave preliminary approval to the 1!)75 city budget. The council had teen called to session for a special meeting to discuss the budget, and to provide city residents a public hearing on the proposed budget. The Tax Levy Committee presented the budget to the council one month ago. City Administrator Rodger Neumann has spent that time trimming an additional $68.000 from departmental requests to tiring the budget within the six JKT cent levy limitation above 1974. At the end of last night's two-hour meeting, the levy was $350 less than last year's limitation, within the six per cent limit. Mrs. Ford's medical tests revealed WASHINGTON (AP) - First l>ady Betty Ford's doctors say they remain optimistic for her "prolonged survival" despite discovery of some cancer cells in lymph gland tissue removed during breast cancer surgery. And the President said he certainly share? that optimism, although he said the pathology report raises some questions. Statistics indicate that finding of cancer cells in lymph nodes in such cases usually diminishes chances for a long-term cure. Paying a visit to his wife Monday night after the final pathology report was issued, the President said he had "full faith in the doctors — I think they're the experts and we'll follow their advice." He noted a great improvement in his w ife's condition and described her as 'much, much better." "With her strong, fine attitude," the President said of his wife, "I think everything will work out all right." Mrs. Ford's doctors, Navy Capt. William Fouty, who performed the surgery, and While House physician William Iji- kash, said the final pathology report, an examination of tissues removed in the operation, showed: "Microscopic involvement of cancer in only 2 out of 30 lymph nodes. There was no in- volvement in local blood vessels." "Considering thai only two lymph nodes were involved and that there is no clinical evidence of cancer spread to olher areas," they said they ••remain optimistic for a prolonged survival." After the three-hour surgery Saturday on Mrs. Ford, Fouty, chairman of surgery at the Bethesda Naval Medical Center, was asked if discovery of some malignancy in lymphatic tissue would be an "ominous sign. He said, "This would not be particularly an ominous sign. It would not be particularly a bad sign. People do respond to fur- ther therapy. There would be no more surgical procedures done because all of this tissue would be removed." And, now that they have the findings in hand, the doctors said that the next step in Mrs Knrd's case will be to make special diagnostic studies to decide whether x-ray, hormonal or chemotherap> should \K used "lo insure maximum treatment of this cancer." Statistics stww lhal women who have no cancer cells in Ihcir lymph nodes have ;: 75 per cenl chance of surviving five years after breast cancer surgery and a 65 per cenl chance of surviving 10 years. bul by contrail, women with cancer cells found in one or more of their lymph nodes have only a 50 per cent chance for five-year survival and a 25 per cent chance of surviving fnr 10 years Mrs. Kurd now is in Ihe fourth day of her hospitalualion. "Her discomfort is steadily decreasing and she has required less pain medication." the medical report said. As far as President Ford was concerned, hi? saw one major sign of his wife's progress. He told rcpoi ters wilh a smile as he left the hospital Monday nighl: "She gave me a hard tune about a couple of things. M> sin- must be feeling better." Alwut 30 citizens attended the public hearing. Only a few spoke on the budget. The levy board used a figure of $31 million as Ihe assessed valuation of the city, and a total tax levy request of $1,017,439. The 1975 mill rate now stands at 30.61 mills, a decrease from 31.25 mills in 1074. Had all the department requests been approved by Ihe levy board, the mill rale would have stood at 38.48 mills. A reduced mill rate means that city residents will pay fewer lax dollars lo the city in 1975. The reduced mill rate is due to a number of factors, including reductions in a number of departments. The council approved reductions of $10,000 from the General Fund for purchase of microfilm equipment; $1,000 in personal service expenses from Ihe city administrator's office; $2,000 in personal service expenses from the city assessor's office; $2,000 from the police department for personal service and capital outlay expenses; and SI,000 from the health department for personal service expenses. The council also approved a $2.000 reduction in personal service expenses in the supervision and general department of the Public Works Fund; and a S15.000 reduction in transfers from garage maintenance expenditures. lint Ihe council also approved a $i;.000 increase in personal service expenses (or the city engineer's office, because the department had not requested adequate funds lo meel 1975 salaries. Tin 1 council approved a *llt.niin reduction from Ihe 16

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