Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on May 26, 1965 · Page 13
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 13

Redlands, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 26, 1965
Page 13
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Tells Interviewer "things have changed" Eisenhower recalls mternational crisis periods of his 8 years EDITOR 'S NOTE: Dwight D. Eisenhower faced many ago- niiing moments as President —Korea, Dien Bien Phu, Suez and the Hungarian revolution. To assess his attitude toward the problems currently confronting Lyndon B. Johnson, UPl White House reporter Merriman Smith journeyed to Gettysburg for an informal chat with the former Chief Executive. Here is Smith's report. By MERRIMAN SMITH UIP White House Reporter GETTYSBURG, Pa. (UPI) Few men appreciate more than former President Dwight D. Eisenhower how swiftly the world changes, particularly the ugly ^vorld of little wars and revolutions. Strategy that worked a few years ago will not work today. Example: The Chinese Communists agreed to meaningful armistice negotiations in ' Korea after they were told • in 1953 thai Ihe new U.S. President was fed up with the stalemate war. Eisenhower let I them know he >• was prepared Merriman Smith lo hit them with everything in the American arsenal, including nuclear weapons. Eisenhower also saw to it that that he was prepared to send planes ranging far above the Yalu River, knocking out Chinese bases, electric power com- ple.xes and vital bridges. The Chinese got the message and (he armistice finally was brought about. On a drizzly morning this week, the tall man whose ice- blue eyes have seen much of war relaxed in a swivel chair behind his desk here and talked of crises—past, present and future. Different Techniques "Would the same technique you used to pressure Korean armistice negotiations work today in Viet Nam—would even an indirect threat of nuclear force bring Hanoi to the conference table?" He shook his head and replaced one of his three black desk pens in its holder. "No. I don't think so," he aid. "After all, Korea was a long time ago and things have changed." From the quiet calm of his office on the edge of the Gettys burg College campus a five minutes drive from his farm, the supreme Allied commander of World Wai- II is not suggesting thai this country hamstinng itself by disavowing nuclear power. But he recognizes the nature of the Southeast Asian conflict, the lack of concentrated industrial and military targets on the Red mainland and the unpredictability of the Red Chinese lead- the Communists were aware'ers with their harsh regard for QUALITY CARS MANY TO CHOOSE FROM '58 CADILLAC 2 Dr. Hardtop Factory air conditioning. itOOR Lie. No. KCE 438 ^773 '52 JEEP Universal 4WD 'CAOC with Snow Plow •#W73 '62 CADILLAC 2-Door Hardtop Full power with Factory Air *^?05 Conditioning. A white beauty '«0 OLDSMOBILE Super 88 2-Door Hardtop Automatic, power steering and ^190lt brakes, radio and heater. Lie. No. KDE 025 '59 OLDSMOBILE 88 Holiday 2-Door Hardtop with factory air conditioning, automatic trans., power steering, radio and ^OQR heater. 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But Eisenhower's reaction to crises he faced in the White House lead inevitably to comparisons with problems of today. "Undoubtedly my military background helped, but when I was in the White House I tried to devote myself to the larger problems ^vithout becoming bogged down in detail," he said. "When a commander in chief makes a basic decision after receiving the best possible information, he must delegate operational authority to others, say to himself, 'I've done the best I can," and then get a good night's sleep. "You can't stay awake all night worrying about every detail and be ready to cope with another big one which is sure to hit you the next morning." "You had your share of crises when you w-ere in the White House. What were some of the tougher ones and how did you react to them? Were there times when you stayed up all night worrying about being hit by an atom bomb?" Accept Difficulties "Oh, no," he said almost im patiently, sweeping his right, hand across the desk top as if to brush away the very thought. "Of course I had hard decisions to make—tough ones—but you can't let these things ruin your life or sap the strength of your judgment. "I will say that the presidency seems to become more difficult with passing time—taster communications, faster planes, missiles, space, new countries —all of these things put increasing pressure on a President. "But I say, too, that all of these changes make organization more important as time goes along. Call it chain of command, call it clearly cut h'nes of aiithorily and responsibility, call it what you want —as the technocracy of war and peace advances, there simply must be solid, dependable organization." Our conversation turned back to tlie crisi s of the Eisenhower era. Soei Brought Up One of his more difficult times was the threatened war over the Suez Canal. Eisenhower feels that one of his hardest chores was to tell the British and the French the United States would not support their invasion of Egypt to assure control of the waterway. Also highly difficult was Eisenhower's decision against using U.S. air power in the batUe for Dien Bien Phu. which resulted in the French being thrown out of Indochina, i French strategy was lo con i cenlrale a force at Dien Bien ' Phu in apparent isolation in hope of luring the Communists mto the open where they could be destroyed. The French wanted U.S. air strikes to support this tactical plan. Eisenhower would have none of it. He considered the plan unsound militarily. The U2 incident which led Nikita Khrushchev to Jettison the 1960 Paris summit conference was troublesome and embarrassing, but Eisenliower never had any fear that it would lead to a serious confrontation. He was firmly convinced that Russia was not about to risk World War III. His feelings about the Russians remain the same today—they do not want their homeland devastated by a major war. During six of Eisenhower's eight White House years, the Democrats controlled Congress. And as the General looks back on this period, he grins and says, "make no mistake about it, I had to woo my opposition." Johnson then was Senate Democratic leader. Another Texas Democrat, the late Speaker Sam Rayburn, bossed the House. "I used to have them down Redlands Daily Facts Wed., May 26, 1965 - 13 Dwight D. Eisenhower to the White House quietly in the late afternoons. Some of the conversations we had—if there had been transcripts and they were made pubUc, even today —golly, it still could raise a few. roofs, let me tell you." Eisenhower churckles when he thinks back lo his Johnson- Rayburn tete-a-tetcs. He holds Johnson in high regard, al- much of the Great Society's domestic program. Bemg a hard- dollar conservative and opposed to anything smacking of the welfare state, Eisenhower remains solidly Republican. But when it comes to tte international scene, he stand squarely behind Johnson. "After all, he is our spokesman—THE spokesman—for the United States before the rest of the world. If you differ with a man who has tliis responsibility, then you hammer it out i in private, across his desk. You don't do it in public." Eisenhower's plans for the future? He is occupied each day with matters pertaining to the planned October publication of his next book, the second in a series of three volumes about his White House years. Health Seems Good Despite his approaching 75th birthday (Oct. 14), his health seems better than it was a year or two ago. A close friend who has known him since World War II says in awe, "I would swear that his health is hetter than it was when he entered the White House, amazing as that may seem.'' In one morning this week, he talked with this reporter for nearly two, hours, worked on a batch of mail, conducted extensive telephone negotiations over sale of some of his prized Black Angus heifers, then No time for encouragement CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (UPD- Radcliffe College coeds have been ordered to remain in their dormitories and not to cheer on boys during panty raids. Police and college officials said Monday such tactics will contribute to the safety of boys, who may fall and hurt themselves if encouraged to climb the ivied walls. though thinks poorly of drove with his wife Mamie to Harrisburg for lunch witli Pennsylvania Gov. William W. Scranton and his wife. He hopes to see Johnson soon, probably in Washington. They keep in touch by leiler and telephone, not frequently but the contact is soUd. Travel? Nothing subslanlial on his calendar. But one gets the feeling he wants to 'oe helpful, possibly ti-aveling m Europe and making leisurely, informal calls on some of his old friends such as President Charles de Gaulle of France and Chancellor Ludwig Erhard of West Germany. He might touch bases in Rome and Madrid and London. If he came back wiUi any new ideas about N.ATO, he'd be sure to tell liis old friend, Lyndon Johnson. Conn Piano Console in WaEnut & Cherry . Conn Piano Spinet in Walnut Estey Piano Spinet in Ebony & Walnut . . Conn Caprice Organ in Mahogany . . . . Conn Minuet Organ in Mahogany (used) . Conn Rhapsody Organ (used) Gulbransen Orgaii in Walnut (used) . . Reg. . $ 888.00 . $ 773.00 . $ 650.00 . $1025.00 . . . Only . . Only . . Only SALE 595"° 595°" 1095° 995°° SLIGERS MUSIC OPEN MONDAY & FRIDAY NIGHTS 'TIL 9 109 East State Downtown Redlands GOODYEAR SERVICE STORE 112 W. STATE REDLANDS Ph. 793-2935

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