The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 15, 1933 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

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\fi* v*j v- v ' ' » . '. v J / i' 1 . * i r '' t" '', ( . J ' ? i* 'ii* 'i ' '*' 1 ' ' / WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 15 €bttorial ALFRED HARHBlil* EDITOR ANT) Califomtan Issued Every Evening Except Sunday In Bakersfleld, Kern County, California Entered In post office at Bakersfleld, California, RB second t:luss mall matter under the Act of Congress Murch 8, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local news published therein. The Callfornlan Is also a client of the United Press and thp United News and receives the complete leased wire service of both. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith & Brunson, Inc. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON (D. C.) BUREAU Frederic J. Hnskln, Director. Washington, D. C. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE Delivered by carrier or mall In postal zones, one, two, th-oe, per month, 65c By mall In postal zones four to eight, per month, 85c THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. S. A. A FANTASTIC CONTRAST ndicatcs Ihe locution of pluccr ground in ixtecn slates of Hie Union, and information given as to the equipment necessary and lie method of saving the gold. This activity is nothing new here in Cali- ornia. Scores of men- are engaged in dry vashing on the desert and in extracting the old from the sands along the streams. The cward, of course, is not comparable with lat which attended placer mining in the Idcn days, and yet opportunity for employment which makes for independence is sup- lied. And it, is, on the whole, an attractive dea. Men who arc idle on the streets 'and iighways would be far belter off if they were iving in a healthful atmosphere, engaged, in n occupation that offers even a small re- vard for labor, and in 'an environment that s inspiring whether in the mountain fasl- icsses or on the attractive desert. G REAT BRITAIN is busily disseminating propaganda in behalf of debt reduction, though how" it expects to convince the American public by such proposals as the one of raising a lump sum to settle the debt through a bond issue to be sold in America is not very clear. With Great Britain's trade restrictions against American goods, with her position relative to the gold standard, the idea of seeking to sell bonds to the American people to raise funds to meet a percentage of the debt already owing to this nation, is fantastic. But wliile the farflung campaign in behalf of reduction continues to be waged, we learn that Great Britain is about to begin the construction of 50 admiralty ships, the total cost of which will run into many millions. It takes 21 months to complete one of these fighting craft, but neither time nor money prevents the launching of tin's ambitious program to strengthen the British navy. Whether England draws any parallel between her continuous and continuing appeal for debt reduction and her huge expenditures on her navy is problematical, but certainly the contrasted features will not escape attention here in the United States. T BRIGHTENING PROSPECT HE outlook for favorable action upon water legislation framed in the interes of the statewide plan, is declared to be better than at any time since such plan was perfected. With a two-thirds vote necessary for the passage of the required Constitutiona amendment, it is declared by the well in formed that a majority in each House a Sacramento is already assured, and tha prospects for additional support are briglit There is a wider understanding in the cities of the value of this movement, and a goo< many of their legislators who were not'en thusiastic for the cause heretofore have now declared tlieir advocacy of it. The attitud of labor throughout the state has also proven most helpful for unquestionably the projec will contribute very materially to the unem ployment problem in California. Aside from certain selfish, interests, i would appear that there is no concerted op position to the plan and there is every reasoi to hope that before the Legislature adjourns both the needful amendment and a specifi plan will have been sanctioned by the law makers unless, indeed, there should be som development in opposition that is not no\ regarded as menacing. The long delay in the consideration of thi matter is of course to be regretted. 1 reservoirs had been heretofore provided, th vast volume of water which will run t waste this year could be impounded a against a day when a distributing systen would have permitted its use hece in Ui Valley. But we are less concerned over th vexatious disappointments of the past view of the brightening prospects for future. th THE MICHIGAN SITUATION I T IS hardly necessary to say that there is nothing in the banking situation in Michi;an to cause alarm in other states where en- ircly different conditions prevail. The most ulslanding financial institution of Detroit vas in difficulty, and it seemed obvious that f it continued in business over the week it tvould be forced eventually to close its doors, n that event, a large number of banks would lave been affected, with the result that the whole financial structure in the slate would mve been periled. , The wise course, there- ore, was to declare a moratorium for an eight-day period, with the hope that in that ength of time adjustments could be made hat would permit the resumption of normal business. Fortunately for California and other states n the Union, no such situation exists. Our najor banking companies are assertedly sound, their conservatism having even sub- ecled Ihem lo some crilicism. And what is rue in this slate is equally true in the more mportant commonwealths throughout the nation. The belief is, and it is verified by he Reconstruction Finance Corporation, :hat Ihe moratorium in Michigan was a 'necessary and excellent" expedient and thai ;he financial crisis there will shortly be settled satisfactorily. RANDOM NOTES made, L. EJ. Cheno- superlntendent of TEN YEARS AGO (Tho Callfornlin, thlt date, 11)93) Press dispatches from Seattle say hat a terrible storm off the coast of Washington haa wrecked six ships. Sadl Loconte, French airplane pilot has sot a world record of 234 miles an hour, breaking the record of Brigadier-General William Mitchell of this country. R. 13. Vivian, head of thd high school chemistry department, addressed the Klwanls Club on this subject. ' Mental tests of the school children n the county to ascertain their capabilities will bo woth, county schools, has announced. More and More bad checks are appearing hero bearing the signature of "Katherone Armstrong." One of the largest stills ever seized lero was taken In the Rosodale district by the sheriff's office last night. TWENTY YEARS AQO (Tlit Callfornlan. this datt, 1018) ' Mrs. S. G. Smart was hostess to friends at an .eight-course dinner served at the Southern last night. Mrs. J. t.. Gopher entertained the Five Hundred Club yesterday In her home on King street. A Kern County Pair Association will bo formed hero and plans made for taking over the race track and operating annual fairs. Mrs. W. W. Uildley entertained a number of friends in honor of Mrs. A. B. Ralne of Santa Ana, who Is now a visitor In the Laidley home. At a meeting of the vestry of St. Paul's Parish Church It was agreed to sell the St. Barnabas Church building In East Bakersfleld. R. O. Quackenbush has been given a permit to build a garage of corrugated Iron. « THIRTY YEARS AQO (Trio Cilirornlan. (his clue. 1903) A. C. Baldwin of the California Supply Company Is shipping several new tanks, to Oil City. The Gusher of the Shamrock Oil Company at McKlttrlck continues to flow 1700 barrels a day and with un- dlmtnlshed vigor. Celsus Brown, H. A. Blodgett and O. D. Fish are out for election to the city board of education. Frank B. Hand, president of the miners union at Randsburg, is. a visitor here. C. L. Perkins has gone to San Francisco on a week's business trip. Report that the Southern Pacific plans to build a line to the northeast from Bakersfleld through Walkers paps Is not verified In Los Angeles. •COIN HMC TODAY 8h«ll» Shaym, tnttr, l» dlnhtried trim •> new ilay tjetiUH Marian Mandalali, th« itir. li J«al«ui tf hw. Sljalla itirehti for wirk and finally tnurat a iart I* a muiltal thaw to«n t* it »ii tour, Olik Btanlay, rlih in* utility aranlMnt, aiki htr It tin up thlt lib and marry him tut Btulla rtfuui. Htr Idta >f marrliit It t html In * lltttt ttvn far frim Mraadcay, The ttmtany t*tt tut tn their ttur and Sheila kNtmti friendly «Uh Jetty, a eherue tlrl. In a little mldwtetern «lty Sheila maata Jarry • Wymui, wha «erke In a faettry. She dtic net anew that Jerry'e father tone Ihe faettry. Jerry It very 'attentive and Sheila flndi htrtelf falllni In Itve with him. When the reel if the etmainy deiartt ihe etaya an It taend Sunday with Jerry. Shi li die- apatlnted ktetuea he dMi net HMI te MI htr iff in her train u ha had trewlied ta da, , NOW (10 ON WITH THE STORY I CHARTER XXVIH Jappy was sympathetic, up," she said. "The /'city "Cheer slickers' aren't the only ones we girls,have to watch out for," The remark was well meant though scarcely tactful. Sheila h,ad reached the theater after most of the others In the company. She found that, as usual, Jappy hnd appropriated half hep dressing room. Her trunk was there. Jappy had opened It, taken out the costumes and ,hung them In order. Sheila told Jappy the whole story—r how eager Jerry had seemed to have her rpmaln In Spencer for the weekend but how little It had apparently meant to him. He hadn't even said goodby. • . •• . "Something may have happened, Sheila. There may have been a reason why he couldn't call," Jappy reminded her. « "But If he'loved me—" > ' The other girl gave Sheila's arm a comforting pat. "He loves you," she assured her. "He asked for your address, didn't he? Give him time to explain." Sheila gave Jerry time. Days passed. They stretched Into a week and still, no letter came. Then, by a sudden juggling of engagements, the company's routing was changed, bringing them within 100 miles of Spencer. Somehow Jerry Wyman must have learned this. On the first nlg°ht of the new engagement he was waiting at the stage door for Sheila after the performance. Again life was rosy. Sheila was so happy she, gave Jappy a hat which the other girl had long admired. The fact that Jerry had come to see her seemed to prove that he really cared for her. Every letter Sheila wrote to him meant a heart-breaking wait for the answer. Jerry would dash off a brief note., after three newsy letters. of Sheila's long, "But that's your own fault, don't you see?". Jiippy would explain patiently. "You shouldn't write M> often. That Would show him!" Men never like to write letters," Sheila answered defensively. 'Your friend Dick writes often enough." That was true. D|ck Stanley, wrote frequently—long, entertaining letters. Sometimes they came twice In .the same week. Always tn the thick Vellum envelopes he liked. "Dick enjoy* writing: It's easier tor him." 'I know." But this explanation did not cheer Sheila. 'Every day that she did* not hear from Jerry Svas dreary and lonely. Half a dozen times a day she would ask at the hotel desk for letters or call the theater to see if mall had arrived there. Then on days when there was a letter she seemed n different girl. At times Sheila thought ' It was almost worth the heartaches to experience such happiness. • At last the "Helgh-ho" company reached the city farthest west on the tour and headed again for New York. Each day now was taking Sheila .farther and farther' away from Jerry. from country lanes, brick factories, little model homes and all the places where she had been so happy. The night came when the company gave Its last performance on the road. McKee, the comedian, gave a party to which he Invited the entire cast. Sheila did not go. She 'wanted to • pack, to get everything In readiness for the next day Avhen they would arrive In New York. Daybreak found tl\em In the city. Sheila telephoned to Ma Lowell from the station.' Yes, there was a room waiting for her. It was larger than the old one, too. That was fine! Sheila had saved some money. She expected to find a Job fairly soon. McKee had mentioned a night club that paid well. As she rode up Eighth avenue In a cab, her baggage piled about her feet was Isn't and Jappy beside her, Sheila happy. "It's great to be back, It?" Jappy said. Sheila agreed. It was June. Jerry was comng in August to spend his vacation. There would be two months In, which she would find another Job. ' But theatrical Jobs, -as she was to find, were scarce. Now that summer was ahead even the supper clubs were not taking on dancers. NEWS BEHIND ' THE NEWS -(Caayrliht MeClun Niweaaair Byndleati)- So far as The Californian observed, it was the first paper in the United States to question the proposed share-the-work plan de- ligned to relieve unemployment, we pointing oul the injustice of a proposal which would place all the burden of relief for the idle upon those who arc gainfully employed and which asked nothing from shareholders in any given enterprise. It was inconceivable that such a plan, despite its advocacy by the President of the United States and others high in authority, would result in any adequate relief. Now we have m it on the best of authority that after months of effort, the campaign in behalf of sharing the work is petering out. The active chairman of the organization has definitely abandoned his headquarters and returned to the conduct of his own business; his successor is spending the winter in Florida; headquarters which were formerly maintained on rather a pretentious sbale have been skeletonized, with that consequent inactivity that indicates the end of the movement. NEW GOLD RUSH Jn retrospect it seems strange that this proposal should have attracted the favorable attention of thinking people. California claims the distinction of initiating the movement and men of intelligence actually insisted that employers of lahor stagger the work, to lay oft' their forces for half the time in order to provide opportunity for work for the idle. The arguments advancec in hehuir of the plan should .have.fallen ol their own weight, and the fact that the whole I movement is now about to be abandoned in- Idicates that they really did. WASHINGTON By PAUL MALLON ^ACTS—Economists have been barred from the early Harrison hearings o date because nearly..everyone here s sick of thearies. What they want ow Is a practical plan suggested and pproved by the outstanding men of he country In business and finance. The conomlsts will be let in later fter the big show Is over. Their tes- imony will conclude the hearings. The only reason they are being let In t all Is because Washington does not el dare to hold an economic Investl- •atlon without an economist. Most of the sultans of commerce nd finance have already privately re- luested the committee to close Its loors. One who wired to that effect vas Melvln Traylor, Chicago banker, majority appears to feel that much ranker discussion would result from ecret sessions. Nobody here will disagree with that. The Harrison hearings did not make much of an Impression, on Owen Toung. He • advised the committee irlvately by telegraph that his asso- late Gerard Swope was coming back oday and that he had planned a long acatlon for himself. He asked to be excused -from telling "the committee how to bring back prosperity. He leeds a little rest. Commltteemen surmised Mr. Young recalled that certain senators raised' a howl to Mr. "Roosevelt while he was under consideration as secretary of state. They kept the reply secret and jave some Inane excuse for Young's absence. • * • P ILOT—Mister Garner did some double finessing on the depreciated currency-tariff question. He held off the Democratic caucus o make 'a few deals with his boys. When he had them lined up he called he caucus. He delayed things so the lepubllrans would force the vote on :ho Crowther bill rather than on other better ones—Including the Democratic Hill bill. He was confident last week Lhat.he had them licked on the vote coming today. He has been fooled before this session. A CONSTRUCTIVE proposal is made atj It way idle to suggest A*- Washington to provide a small federal i and I here fore consun that spending power consumption, could be in appropriation to aid the Western slides loj creased by sharing the work. As a matter 01 linuncc individuals in a small way lo ennblejl'iu'l, the figures following Ihe activity in them lo undertake placer mining operations 1 !dialled thai not only did Ihe number o for gold. The movement has its inspiration in Ihe fact that in many localities men arc making a living by this activity, it being estimated thai 75,000 are in a new gold rush, with the thought, not of securing fortunes, but of providing for themselves a livelihood. The matter of financial aid for those who would like to join in this'enlerprise has been submitted lo President-elect Roosevelt, and it is said, will have some attention at the coming conference of governors. laborers not appreciably increase, but tha pay rolls actually diminished. The truth is emphasized that the best serv ice the employer can render is to continu his staff at the best wages he can afford to pay, and thus give assurance that the bread winners who look lo him for employmen will be steadily on their jobs. It was incon ceivable that dividing their labor and earn ings with others could leaven the economic The government has issued and is dis- loaf. And experience has demonstrated lha tributing without charge n publication which il did not. MONORESS—Political scouts from out L< In the country have reported the big boys here that the Senate Is In disfavor with the people. Mall coming In to senators would Indicate the same thing. That Is why you have been hearing Congress debate Its own merits during the past week. Men In both parties are riled. Republicans tried to blame delays on the Democrats and vloo versa. As usual both were only slightly right. The basic fact In the legislative tie-up Is the absence of leadership In both parties. Mr. Hoover Is sitting on his handH at the White House wait- Ing until March 4. Congress would pay no attention If he tried to do anything. Mr. Roosevelt exerted strong Inside leadership for a time. He pushed the beer, farm and bankruptcy bills through the House. He did not try to do much with the Senate. There woujd bi> no practical use In pushing anything but the bankruptcy bill be- causp that Is thn only measure which ran bPPOtnp law. Consequently Congrotw Is acting like H flans of orhool rhlldron aflpr one teacher has been flrod and before the new onn comes In. It's laughable to blame prohibition for our present state. Why, If we ha open saloons we'd be In the blood o revolution at thfs moment.—Mrs. F. I Johnson, head of the Women's Na ttonul Union for Political Action. The technocrats ueem untroubled by the thought that the bray of a donlte might employ more transversion o units than a song by Lucretia Bor or that the explosion of a dynamlt factory might use up more thernia units than the production of a tech nocracy report, — Professor Uornel Hart of Bryn Mawr, member of Prps irtrnl Ilouvor'B committee on soda trends. Fear of public disfavor^ did not pre- ent the House from rejecting anther salary cut for Itself. Nearly very congressman you talk to here eally believes another cut Is not Jus- fled. ' That same conviction Is held y most of the dally neutral observ- rs of. Congress In the press gal- erles. The attitude Is general all around he town that $900 a year Is little nough pay for legislators. Wash- ngtonlans seem to think a reduction oulcl bring a consequent reduction n caliber of office holders. They also olnt out congressmen have many ecessary expenditures—heavy contrl- utlons to charities, campaign charges, tc. That is all true. Yet there Is prob- bly no other class of workers In the ountry who have been let off with 2-3 per cent cut. That Is all Con- ress has had to date. • * * ~%LORY—Senator Hull has suddenly J become the most popular man In Congress. Droves of newsmen wait utslde the Senate door to get his lews on International subjects since ils appointment as secretary of state las become a foregone conclusion. One newsman secured his promise f an interview on the British debt Ituatlon. Later Hull came back and aid perhaps he had better write It Jut so there would be no mlsunder- tandlng. Still later he returned with he thought that perhaps he had bet- cr not do It at all because " It might e misconstrued." That was a strong indication that he has already begun to act like a ecretary of state. •allroads at a Congressional hearing gave Wall Street a laugh. Eastman s known to favor direct public own- >rshlp and to figure that the deeper the roads get Into debt the quicker public ownership will come. In spite of the railroads' woes the average price of railroad shares listed on the Stock Exchange Is still above he average for all listed stocks. The alter figure Is $17.71. The railroad tverage is $22.88. • • • B UREAU.—The Bureau of Mines In Washington—assigned to the De- partmertt of Commerce and headed by a friend of Mr. Hoover's—may be abolished or merged when the new idminlstration comes in. Direct lob lying by a government bureau is forbidden by law. But neatly phrased resolutions commending the bureau's vork have begun to filter In from rade organizations associated with ne mining industry—and there Is rea son to believe that the bureau had something to do with their concoc tlon. It looks like wasted effort. , NEW YORK By JAMES McMULLIN CfERLING — The spectacular ' rise of sterling Is due to three factors: Speculation in Kaffir gold mines, a light from the franc because 1 of rance's bad budget condition, and an ncreaslng volume of British Investments by New York financial Interests. . Commodity speculators are de- Ighted with the rise. They figure that every cent increase in the price of the pound adds a quarter of a cent :o the price of wheat. The British have temporarily aban- loned all effort to depress the pound. f a lump-sum payment goes through he higher the pound the better for the British. A -quick slldeoff afterward could easily be arranged. C UBA—The lid can be expected to blow off tn Cuba very shortly now The antl-Machado element would llki :o get It over with before March 4 a ihey figure the chances of American Interference would be less. The leader of the movement may come from the ranks of Machado's present lleuten ants. Emigration of a group of Cuban Dolltical exiles from Miami to Mexld is significant. Mexico could be a use 'u\ and sympathetic base of opera tlons. This would be, In line with Mexi GO'S ambitions to become dominant Ir the Caribbean. She has already galnec prestige In the Central America: countries by representing herself a. the only bulwark between them anc American Imperialism. Unofficial hel in unseating Machado would boost th cause. Sheila had been In town only .two ays before -l)lck sought her out. Ho vas hard at work, he said. Tea, •'writ-' ng a play. A new one. He must avo noticed a change ,ln Sheila's manner for he said, "You don't like me any more, do you?" , . , 'Of course I' do. What makes you ay such a thing?" *'*?". But when he spoke about seeing her gain Sheila was evasive. ,Jtm Blalne elophoned a few hours later. He was olng to Chicago to sing In a musical how. Trevor Lane gave a party and. Sheila pent, arrayed In'her best, her hair lone In a new and becoming way. In pile of admiration and attention she ould not be cheered. Jerry had not written for more than a week. Onu afternoon when, the search for i Job, as usual, had been fruitless, rfholla hesitated between spending money to see a vaudeville bill or dropping In on Blind Tlmmy 'at Joe Paris' iong shop. Slie finally decided to call >n Tlmmy. She found hlrii in a practice room ind ho welcomed her warmly, "pathetl- •ally glad to have her • call. Tlmmy uid moved from Ma Lowell's several nonths before. He could .not afford the luxury of his formeriroom there. "Written any new songs?" Sheila asked. For answer Timmy ran his fingers over the keys, began playing a melody. "That's lovely," she told him. "Will yon let me sing It?" Tlmmy's face shone. "WHUyou, Shela?" "If I can, I haven't a Job yet." "Sing It at a party some time. See if It goes over," he urged, and sh» promised. . It' was several weeks longer before i Job materialized for Sheila. Then she lad a chance to fill in with a partner at a smart supper club. Dora Rodney, who danced with her brother, Ted. at the Club Volens, became 111 and Sheila agreed to take her place. Ted was a supercilious young man who thought 10 one his equal. Sheila danced with ilni one week and then another. Ted and Dora received $150" a week. Sheila was paid $50. That was fair enough, however. Alone or with a partner leas well known she could not have won an engagement at the Club Volens. At the end of the two weeks Sheila's flnanges totaled $200. It was enough to tide her over the rest of ihe summer. Instead of saving al this thriftily, Sheila bought some new clothes. She wanted to look her best when Jerry Wyman arrived. She was glad that she had so many friends. It would be nice to appear popular before Jerry. She could take him to one of Trevor Lane's parties and Introduce him to actors, playwrights an< others who^e names were well known She would show him the most entertaining supper clubs. August arrived but with It no Jerry Even his letters had became less frequent. Sheila went back to the Club Vol ens to dance with 4 Ted Rodney. "Wll Dora's Spanish costume fit you?" he asked her. "I think so." Sheila turned to him conscious of two things—that 'sh looked well and that Ted could never be Induced to say so. "Scared?" She knew enough to answer this truthfully. "Yes. Aren't you?" "I always am lately for som reason." "Maybe It's because you miss Dora,' Sheila snid sympathetically. The master of ceremonies was an nounclng them. The orchestra began their number and the spotlight flung Itself across the floor. Sheila ant Ted stood In position at the entrance Thny waited a moment. Then twi running steps forward and they wer< off. It was not until the dance had endei and they were bowing to the applaus that Sheila noticed a young mai seated at a nearby table. It was Jerry Wyman. 1 (Continued Tomorrow) A THOUGHT By FREDERIC J. HA8KIN Tliouiimli of gor«rnme!it etperti tr* workini • cnmunllj for lh» benefit of all rttlzeni of th» Unjlecl Stttai, Tliey will work dlrwttj for you If you will uio our WuhlntUm Burtiu. Thii newipkper omployi Mr, Hwkln to act u IB •Ifcit for Iti reml»n. n* will tikt your mat- / t«r lo tho proper authority, State your Inqulrf briefly, writ* d«irly, anil, encloi* 3-wnt, itarn* for • a ptnonal letter In reply. Do not UM coil cards. Addren Th« Bakeriflold Call- furnlin Information Bunm, Wederlo J. Hal' kin, Director, Wuhlniton, D. 0. Q. How may, a citizen of th« United States who served in a for- Ign army during th« World War b* epatrlated?—\V. T. ' A. He may be repatriated by sim-, )y going before any .court and taking n oath of allegiance to the United' States. •-• - . . Q. What is meant by the "black hole of Calcutta"?—A. P. A. It was tho m.illtary jail at Port Villlams, at Calcutta, India, a' room bout 18 feet by 14 feet 10 Inches in size, with only two small windows barred with Iron. In 1766 a large n»Ive army took possession of the city ind all the British who had not «s-. :aped were,. Imprisoned. In it. This vas in the mouth of June, in which he tropical heat of Calcutta Is moat oppressive. When the door of the prison was opened In the morning only 23 persons out of 166 were founa alive. Q. What Is an' English shilling worth In the United States?—W. D. A. According to the exchange on January 31, 1933, it was worth about 17 cents. of Q. When was the department abor organized?—B. S. " • A. Originally the bureau of labor was a part of the department of the nterlor. In February, 1903, the bu- •eau was transferred to, the department of . commerce and labor. Tho department of labor was established separately by act of Congress approved March 4th, 1913. Q. In contract bridge, if a person aids six clubs and. makes It, can he- score a small slam If he has not announced that he is bidding a small slam?—J. D. A. A contract of six Is a small slam contract, and the declarer scorea. the bonus for it If he fulfills his con* tract. Q. Where did William Howard Taft take the oath of office as President of the United States?—S. M. A. Owing to the Inclement weather, the oath of office was administered in the Senate at the Capitol, Chief Jus* tlce Fuller officiating. Q. What Is the average size of the stones composing the Great Pyramid?—H. C. A. About 40 cubic feet. Q. Was Blanche K. Brace an educated colored man?—Q. W. S. A. He was born a slave In .Virginia, JS41. He was educated by his master's son and after tho Civil War became a teacher, later graduating from Oberlln College, Ohio. He be- caine a planter In Mississippi, and was named as representative of hla state in the United States Senate,' from 1876' to 18R1. He was appointed by President Clarfleld, register of the treasury. 1881, and was fecorder of deeds of the District of Columbia, 1891 to 1893. He was again register of the treasury. In 1897, and served until his death In 1898. Q. What Is the derivation of the expression, Rcot free?—R. T. A. Scot Is from the old English sceot meaning a payment or reckon-. Ing. The word also formerly signified a form of tax. O Lord, why hast thou made us t err from thy ways, and hardened ou heart from thy fear? Return for thy servant*' lake, the trlbei of thine Inheritance.—Isaiah 63:17. * •- * No man ever prayed without learning something.—Emerson. It's no wonder Babe Ruth objects to n reduction of the $75,000 salary he drew down last season. If he yields one-penny, he'll be making lesg than the president of the United States! IS TO YOUR HEALTH By DR. FRANK McCOY — Neville Chamberlain's drastic remarks are Interpreted lere as due to a persistent conflict of opinion In England. One school of thought holds that the June Install ment of the debt must be paid regardless because of the effect the repudiation would have on England's debtors. Another group advocates no further payments to the United States under any circumstance^ Chamberlain belongs to the latter group and Is evidently trying to commit his government as far as possible In that direction, * • • O IL — The proposed merger between Standard Oil of New Jersey am Standard Oil of California Is still on HIP flrp. Auditing complications) hhvn hpld up an agreement. But tho rpa reason for the prpscnt delay Is HIP probable appointment of Sfimtor Walsh as aitornpj'-general. Thp Interests Involved expect thut he would step on It hard. * * * Vf INES — A nunjber of mining prop- IVl ertles — with emphasis on Iron and copper — are kept In operation at a tremendous loss Hlmply because It would cost so much tn reopen them once they were shut down. Some of the Anaconda properties come. in this category- * * • R AILS— I. C. C. efforts to get the railroads to reduce passenger fares by moral suasion are getting nowhere. Some of the smaller roads are In favor but a number of the bigger fellows—led by Pennsylvania, New York Central and New Haven— are trying to organize unanimous opposition to the commission's suggestion. If anything Is done the commission will ha.vo to do .It, and that seems un- IlkPly. CommlnHloner Want man's advocacy of bigger and better R. V. C. loans to T HE patient with chronic nephritis often does not know that there is anything wrong with his kidneys and might be compared to a sleep-walker hovering on the edge of a roof—both aro In grave danger. NPphrltlB Is also called Brlght'H disease.. It Is found In an acute and chronic form. The chronic form, seen more frequently, IIBH at least two common types which merge Into f-ach other. In the first there Is an Inflammation of the kidney and Interference with the way it doen Its work. Often dropsy is seen In this type and for this reason It Is often called "wet," taking its name from the accumulation of water un- des the Hkin, which produces swelling of the ankles, pufflness of eyelids and face, etc. In the second form Inflammation may bo present, but it is the fibres or actual framework, of the kidneys which suffer. Since dropsy IN not KO noticeable In this type, II has bppn called the "dry" form. Thla .latlor typp Is more to bo foiiri>d because the patlpnt may have no Idi-n It I.H preH- i-Tit and, by thp limp Iho UPplirltlB Is illpi'ovorerl, tlip kidney structure 1 has boon yet dnirmped that It can neven rPtum to normal, although by attpn- tlon to diet and other good hablls of Hying the patient mny carry on his ordinary activities for a number of ypors. This second type is phronlc Interstitial nephritis nnd Is usually accompanied by hnrdenng of the arteries and high blood pressure, these changes co-existing with the kidney dlsenxe. Nephritis is a chronic disease usually found among those of middle Hge, and It In one of the degenerative diseases noticed when the bodily organs begin to wear out. HMs Important because it ,1s one of the six lead- Ing causes of death, If deaths from nwldent are omitted. Any factor' •which would Induce a chronic loxlc poiHonliiB in the body may Induce nephritis; for examptp, overeating, using wrong food combinations, mental strain, lack of exercise, drinking poor grades of alcohol, absorbing pertain chemicals during work, otc. The patlpnt has simply followed wrong habltn of living and abused the kid- neys for a long time. The most outstanding cause IK wrong diet and likewise tho most Important step In the treatment of this disorder In correct diet. The symptoms vary a great deal and mny not appear until severe damage Is done. In iiPphrltlK tho kidneys net the reverse of normal—thpy discard that which they should hold bark and keep that* which should IIP exi-relvd, thus thpy fall to hold back albumen but do keep back Knlt.s, water, acids and poisonous wastes. Two of the main symptoms urine from this reversal, namely, the showing of albumen In the liquid ontput and the retaining of water which leads to dropsy. The dropsy varies greatly In Its severity; it Is usually first seen around the nnWos or eyelids. In addition to albumen, many hyaline casts mill some white blood cells are found during an analysis. Some symptoms accompanying this disorder may lie: loss of strength, tll- gpKtlvp dlso'-dors, constlpailnn, weak P.VPS, wnxliiPKH nr miiiUllnosH of Mm fkln. anemia, high blood preHsurp, iir- tprl.-il illspasp, itchy nkln and shortness of breath. In tomorrow's article I will explain somothlng about the dietetic treat ment of nephritis. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Baby Refutti Vegetables QUESTION: Mrs. D. writes: "My ba-by Is 17 months old and weighs 32 pounds—do you think this Is enough? He seems healthy and Is very active, but It IB impossible to get him to eat vegetables." ANSWER: A baby 17 months of age should weigh 32 or 23 pounds, go your baby seetris to be about normal In regard to weight, • It Is unnecessary for him to eat vegetables yet, providing he. obtains plenty of milk and oranges. Perhaps he could use some of the sieved nonstarchy vegetables. quntlmi wrltttn by r«a*«ri it Tht Uilltir- nltn. utdrtiurf li Or. Frank MiO». tM South Arrfmrt nvcnin. L«| AnitlM. will ki a*, wend. liHliw Mlf-iMraiud <l»i*d tnttkit- Mexico complains It has been flooded vlth $2,500,000 in spurious United States money, including bogus "silver" coins made from the lead of old bat- erles. Probably those "electric . dol- ars" we've been hearing about. An eminent cleric says If we were to treat the gangster with satire we night do away with him. The next :iine u gunman pokes a gun In your back and commands- "Hands up!'' mow him down with "Don't be silly!" Gene Sani7,en says a lot of golfers ?rlp their clubs us If they were nillk- ng a cow. If this practice results In 'aulty drives and puts the cow In a bad light, reflect how Bosslo would i retaliate should Gene go a-mllklng with his Interlocking grip. So enthusiastic In some quarters is tho demand fnr beer as a budget-bal- • mining measure that we suppose patriotic Imbibers will be proposing one of these days: "Let's all go down to Tim's place and> have a few rounds— for revenue only!" manac February Ifrtt 1564- Ittenbofn about lOOyrs, too soot i. 1710-Louisxirof IVnnc«?horn. 1845-ElihuPool born. iS9S-Battlestiip Main* blown up in Havana harlior. c and blows up too. \\

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