The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on February 28, 1949 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TWB! rssfiUTWr A WT< M •«<«?*»**•>•» n> AH fcj j-ij-LiL . ' __.__.. / ^^B^^ ;VOL. XLIV—NO. 285 Blythevtlle Daily New. BlythevUlo Courier Blythertlta Herald Mtuioippl Valley Leader THE DOMTOAKT NEWSPAPER OF NORTKEAOT AKXAMU* AMD 8OUTHIAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1949 TEN PAGES President Advises Immediate filibuster Fight; $200 Million Soost in Aid for Needy Asked r ruman Tells lenate Aides r o Meet Issue WASHINGTON, Feb. 28.— AP)—President Truman ad- ised administration leaders i the Senate today to meet le filibuster issue "head on" id seek a show clown on curb- ig it. Senate Democratic Leader Lucas ' Illinois to : reporters after a 'hite House conference that Mr. ruman had given that advice. Lucas himself commented: "This issue has to be met so- icr or later and we might as well cet it now." That means, he indicated, that ie fight over the filibuster would ,;t be put aside for any legislation. ~Vt would be fought to a finish. The Senate, meeting at noon, had r J the question of whether to lange its rules so that debate mid be halted at any time that ,1'o-thirds of the Senators on the oor voted to halt It. Under present rules, there are >me situations in which no limit m be put on debate. That, means -tiators opposed to a bill can keep ilking, of filibustering ss It is illed, and prevent a vote. Southerns have used such tac- cs in the past to bar a vote on ntt-poll tax and anti-lynchlng gislation. These are among mea- ires President Truman is asking * part of his civil rights program Southerners want to keep the nance to filibuster so they can it when these measures come p. Ho they were primed to lili- uster against changing the rules. - The administration's hope of put- 'ng the rule change over hangs ^ wearing out the Southerners- or siting a ruling from Vice President arkley, the Senate's presiding of- cer, that would permit a vote to niit debate on the proposal to ^ange the rules. 'iarkley was at the White House ith Lucas. Asked how he would ule if the matter was raised, arkley said: . ^~ "I 1 .". " Pass • un iio- questii!,yi arises." ' Lucas, Barfcley and House Speak-• Rayburn met for upwards of 45 itnutes with Mr- Truman. Lucas said that he is hopeful lat the rule change can be put ..trough, but he declined to specu- ite on how long it might take to cop a filibuster against It. At the presend time, he said, ne President Is not particularly 'orried lhat his legislative program ill be stymied by the fight over lie filibuster. Committee Gets Economic Report Truman Program Up For Appraisal; First Draft Supports Plans WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. (IPl— A preliminary Congressional report generally backing President Truman's idea of a sound economy— and full of inflation warnings- comes up for commute* appraisal today. The report, a worksheet draft, Is before the Senate-House Economic Committee. It might be approved by the Democratic majority, but the Republican members plan to file a vigorous dissent. The committee is supposed to submit to Congress tomoiTow a final report on the President's economic program. The preliminary draft comes out [.trendy for granting Mr. Truman's request for standby authority to reimpoje price and wage controls on a selective basis. It plugs for extension and tightening up of reni control, for mandatory allocation ol scarce materials, continuation of consumer credit controls, an Increase in the minimum wage, broader Social Security program snd larger benefits, public housing and slum clearance, federal aid lor education, a flexible and "well integrated" farm program, and other programs the President wants. Okays Tax Hike As for Mr. Truman's demand for a 54,000,000,000 tax Increase, the report suggests approval of that but doesn't come right out and say so. In urging economic controls, the report says: "It seems premature to speak of 'recession' and absurd to speak of 'depression' when all the basic industries are continuing to produce at capacity. "All that has happened (with respect 'to recent price declines) has been tbi^TCt^n inY* few areas to tuations, to competitive mark-downs on slow-moving Items. "In short, 1949 is probably going to be a boom year, perhaps not as good as 1948 in dollar terms, but no worse than 1947." Fund Marked For Truman's 'Home Relief Memphis Dairy Cuts Milk Price I Cents Per Quart A two-cent reduction In the price f Grade A and homogenized milk n Blythevillc was announced today y Millard English, manager here or the Mcadowbrook Dairy of -lemplns, who said the reductions ,-ould he effective tomorrow, Grade "A milk now is selling for 3 cents, tJie homogenized milk js e cent higher. The new prices rill be 21 and 22 cents, respectively, . English .said. The reduction foU ^ed a similar reduction in Mem- lls by the Mcadowbrook rmd other lalries operating in that area. The new prices for cream will be !3 cents for one-third quart of coE- ce cream; 35 cents for one-half nut of whipping cream. Regular nittermilk will sell at 15 cents per juart. and bulgarian buttermilk at !2 cents. In Memphis it was announced hat the new prices would be 18 rents per a»art for Grade A milk ind 19 cents for homogenized milk. The reductions, it was stated, were agreed to by the Mid-South Milk Producers Association. Other dairies in the BlytlieviUe irea arc expected (a follow the .rend to lower prices. It was indicated by one operator here this norning. The Associated Press in Little Hock announced today that housewives in that city were able to buy a quart of milk at lower prices. One dairy announced that price of milk would drop from 22 to 19 cents, Other dairies have indicated they will follow this action. Chinese Reds Oust Newsmen From Peiping SHANGHAI, Feb. 28. m—The Chinese Communists have reversed their past policy and ordered all foreign correspondents hi Peiping to cease gathering and sending out news. The bin question seems to be whether Sunday's order is permanent, or a temporary measure arising from circumstances which the outside world does not know. If it is permanent, and to be a general rule, then the chances of doing business with Ctiinese Communism hai'e been dealt a blow. Observers in Shanghai could recall no action likely to do more to strengthen the assumption that Communism finds an "iron curtain" necessary. During their lean years In Yonan. former Communist headquarters in North China, the Reds welcomed foreign correspondents. By ail accounts, no restrictions were placed on (he correspondents. The Chinese Communists were proud of their accomplishments and wanted the world to know about them. Si !lce the civil war began In earnest there have heen few ac- credH«l correspondents with them, out nils was because of difficulty m reaching Red areas through Nationalist lines and a lack of communications. Now, apparently, all lhat is changed. Nearly a score of foreign correspondents representing the Press of at least five nations were ordered to cease operations. Weather Arkansas forecast: Fair and con- inucd cool this afternoon and tonight. Lowest temperatures 27 lo 32 north and central portions tonight. Tuesday, partly cloudy and cool. Missouri forecast: Fair tonight Jfld Tuesday, except increasing twudlness west Tuesday afternoon, continued cold tonight, warmer Tuesday afternoon: low tonight 1520 north, 20-25 south: high Tuesday 40-45 north, 45-50 south. Minimum this morning—35. Maximum yesterday—54. Minimum .Sunday morning—27. Maximum Saturday—50. Sunset today—5:55. Sunrise today—6:30 Preclpitation-48 hours to 7 a.m. oday—.02. Total since Jan. 1—12,52. Mean temperature (midway be- wcr-n high and lon-i—44.5. Normal mean for Feb.—43,4. WASHINGTON, Fen. 28. OP) The administration asked Congress today for a »200,000,000 to $250,000,000 expansion of its present $1.000.- COO.OOO-a-year program for helping the needy. The extra money would go toward home relict"—including cost of medical care—for all needy people. Arthur J. Altmeyer, commissioner for Social Security, presented to the House Ways and Means Committee t'ne administration arguments. They covered today the Ilrst phase—direct relief for the poor— of President Truman's legislation tvf a vast expansion of the Social Security program. Social Security, Altmeyer said, has achieved its primary Immediate objective, to abolish the poor house, but the long range goal of "preventing destitution" Ls yet to be met. Mr. Truman wants federal financial aid extended to all needy people, up to $100 a month for a couple and V20 for each additional person in a needy home. Federal assistance, in money matching with the states, now is limited to needy aged, the bliud and lo dependcnl children. Consider Vast Program Altmeyer appeared as the committee opened public hearings into Mr. Truman's overall legislation calling for: 1. Direct relief for all needy persons; 2. Blanketing of 20.000,000 more persons — doctors, lawyers, farmers, bUEinesservants and others—under old age Insurance, upping the to^al covered to 50.000.00Q-, 3. Greatly increased benefits; and 4. Boasting—In some cases, tripling —tne security tax on pay checks and payiolls. The President has promised legislation later proposing a national program ol health Insurance—with new payroll taxes and the government paying doctor bills—and calling for expansion of unemployment compensation laws. • . Altmeyer told the conmilttee 5,000,000 Americans already receive some form of public assistance, amounting to a ferieral-stnte-lccal total of almosi $2,000,000,000 a year. This is apart from the old age and survivors insurance benefits that are paid for iu special taxes upon workers and their bosses. States set the size of public assistance payments. They ranged last December from $16.38 per recipient in Mississippi to $78.18 in Colorado, The federal government now enters the matching arrangement up to $50 per recipient elderly person. Denmark Lines up with West; Sweden May Be Next to Join COPENHAGEN, Denmark, Feb. 38. Oft-Denmark appeared lined up firmly with the west In the cold w«r today. »nd there were Indt- :attons that Sweden, too, ie leaning In that direction. Denmark's position on the North Atlantic defense Pact-proposed western military alliance against Russian expansion—was made clear yesterday when the country's largest political parly, the Social Democrat*, decided to look to the West for security. Meanwhile hlgli A long distance coaxial cable through Blythevllle Unking St Louis. Memphis and Jackson, Miss, will be placed In service tomorrow by the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, doubling the num- nT., Iong dls tniicc lines from Blythevllle Into St. Louis, It was announced today by telephone company officals. One of the principal repeater stations is located here in a specially constructed building In the northeastern part of the city and smaller booster slntlons located at cight-mllp Intervals alon? the ™, "iirtciground line which removes the telephone service from many hazards. Work on the project was started here nearly a y eflr flgo The coaxial . cable will provide hundreds of additional long distance circuit* to IIC-ID carrv heavy telephone SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Lack of U.S. Military Unity Scored Arms for Europe To Spur Debate More Talk Is Seen On Re-Arming Plan Than About Alliance By John M. HLsMowrr WASHINGTON, Feb. 28-W)— The administration's plans to rearm key Western European countries appeared likely today to arouse more debate that the proposal to link the V. S. to a defensive regional alliance with Western Europe. Senator Taft (R-Oh!o) sounded a call of opposition to the arms program over the week-end. He said the sending of military equipment to the Western European nations might be an Invitation to Russia to start a fight, rather han an en- couragemen to peace. Taft argued that the projected North Atlantic security treatly is a defensive arrangement and would be so recognized by other nations; therefore, he said he supported it. On the other hand, the Ohloan said he thinks that if this country decides to help re-arm Europe it might give cause to the Russians to feel they are being ringer! with military nations. In that case, tie said they might decide to attack quickly. , Senator Pepper (D-Fla.), a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, who pleaded a year ago for a better understanding with Russia, suld he supports the security treaty and the re-arming ol Western Europe. Pepper told a reporter he thinks an association of friendly North Atlantic nations is justified "until we get an effective International police force." And he added that he doesn't see how any defense agreement can be effective unless Its members are prepared to fight if they have to. This week will be one of the climatic periods In the development of the proposed security program. Tribunal Reduces Osceola Negro's Slaying Sentence LITTLE ROCK, Feb. 28. C/P)—The death sentence of Authony (Pnpa Lord) Thomas, Negro, Mississippi River ferryboat operator of Osceola was reduced to 21 years by the Arkansas Supreme Court today. Thomas was convicted in the Mississippi County Circuit Court for the Plantation Night Club slaying of William Duckworth. Osceola Negro. Aug. 2. 1947. According to trial court testimony, an unsettled debt between the two men figured in the slaying. Thomas shot Duckworth with a pistol which he had won only a short time before In a dice game. Today's supreme court opinion noted that there was conflicting testimony about the shooting. It ordered the sentence reduced to 21 years on a charge of second degree murder. New York Cotton NEW YORK, Feb. 28-1:30 pin quotations: Open High Low Las Mar 3258 3258 3238 May 3229 3229 3215 July 3110 3115 3101 Oct 2816 2816 2808 Dec 2795 2797 2790 3233 3215 3103 28CS 2790 diplomatic sources In Sweden, traditionally neutral key nation of the North Scandinavian bloc, predicted that Sweden will Join the projected North At- .untlc agreement within six months. One Informed source said "sooner, U the Russians nuke any move toward Finland." Norway, the other Scandinavian country, already has turned to the west for her mllllary security. Norway said an all-Scandinavian defense arrangement with no links to the West, as proposed some time ago by Sweden, would not. bo strong enough to make her feel secure. Norway, Sweden and Denmark had accepted economic ties with the west in the Marshall Dun. Until recently, however, they had been reluctant to forge any military links :or fear of Russian reaction. All are within easy range of Soviet forces Vote to Cooperat^ Denmark's Social Democrats, with only one dissenting vote reported Approved through the party's executive Committee a resolution calling for "Increased political and military cooperation" with the western democracies, The resolution said an all-Scandinavian alliance is "not possible at present." The Social Democrats' action was a long step from ttie party's traditional nntl-miinnrlsllc policy. Premier Han* Hcdtoft, the party* leader, stated previously that he, personally, was In favor of the Atlantic agreement. As a result, Denmark Is now expected, like Norway, to skirt talks with the Atlantic powers about what she gets and her re.sponslbltlcs If and whert she Joins. It means, also, Denmark has turned her back on Russia. The North Atlantic pact now Is being negotiated by the United States, Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Hollancf and Luxembourg. Sweden's swing away from the neutrality that has kept her out of war for 135 years was apparent. Hig'.i Swedish officials now acknowledge privalely that their country cannot stay on the fence much longer in the East-West lineup. They believe Isolation Is fust becoming Impossible and Swedish sympathy lies with the West. State Legislature Ratifies Regional Education Plan Resolution Pledget Arkansas to Assist Program Development UTTIJS ROOK., Feb,2B-(AP The Arkniwus Qoiirral Assembly today completed i-nllflcnllon of llio Soulh- ern Hrp.lonal Education Comimct proposal and sent It to the cover- 'Unified' Services Close to Weakest Government Group WASHINGTON, Feb. 28. called the new 5 More Enter Guilty Pleas In Clerics' Trial BOFIA.Bulgaria, Feb. 28-(AP)Five more Protestant churchmen pleaded guilty today in Bulgaria's spy trial. By the end of the day's session eight in all had entered guilty pleas. Seven others still must plead. All who pleaded guilty went through the now familiar routine, denouncing themselves, expressing repentance and pleading for a iievv change to work for the Communist controlled government. All said they haa seen the error of their ways in their opposition to Communism. All of them told the court that the secret security police who took their confessions of spying [or Britain and the United States had displayed a "surprisingly ,noble attitude." The first to take the stand today was the Rev. Oeorgl Chernov, 46. a balding Pentecostal pastor. Ho lost no time in pleading guilty, as the first three had done. Chernov had written a 230-page "confession" while In Jail—the longest preliminary deposition taKen from any of the defendants. All are charged with treason, spying and black market money deal- Ings. Jaycees Place Emphasis on Americanism Observance of Amerlcnnlsm Week Ir Blylhcville will be climaxed by Its sponsors here at a dinner-meet' ing of tlic Junior Chamber of Commerce at 7 o'clock tonight in the Jaycee clnbrooms. During the meeting, the first of p. planned Monday night scries of radio round-tnblc discussions by JayMcs will be held. The Ijrondcnst will begin at 7:16 and last l.i minutes. It will be carried over local FM facilities Joyces activities and Amerlcnnlsm Week me cuplca soiicd;;lcvl jor d!r.GM"io!> tonight. Following the broadcast, four entrants In the niibllc-spcnking contest sponsored by the Jfiycecs In connection with Americanism Week will present five-minute talks on Iliat subject. A committee of citizens will select, (he winners. Thlrly posters have been entered in the contest being conducted Uy the Jaycees on, the theme ol "Whal America Means to Me." The contests are for school-age children and are being conducted in cooperation with Blythevillc schools. Bill Tamke. chairman of the Jay- coe Committee, said talks on Americanism will be presented by mcm- ters at, future meetings for a 10- week period. nor. A house concurrent re.soHillon affirming (lie principle of the compile!, nnd. plcilKlng Arkansas to work with other Southern states In development. o| n regional cducntloii program, was approved by the Senate without debute. The resolution decs not commit tho stale to contribute linimclnlly In tho establishment, of any regional schools, Sen. I.ec Reaves, Hermitage, snld no appropriation would bo uskccl nt Die current, leglslntlvo session. However, he indicated an appropriation would be sought later by saying that Iho amount of the state's participation In Iho program would be determined by studies (hiring the next two years. The legislature has received n bill asking for $1.000 as the slutc's share ol administrative expenses In setting up the regional organization. Four Blll.i Pan* After acting on the resoliillon, tlic Senate approved four bills In rapid succession. One by Sen. Ed Thompson of I'ar- agould, would nulhorl/.o city attorneys la receive the snine fees now paid to deputy prosecuting nttor- ncya In tho handling of criminal cases. Thompson said the fees would go Into city treasuries. Sen. Ellis Pagan, Litlle Rock, secured Senate approval setting up special unemployment compensation lax rates for employers of seasonal laborers. Another bill providing for change of venue in cases from Justice ot the peace corn-Is to municipal courts also was approved. It now goes to the governor. Tho Seiiflle ilebnled almost nrf hour befor* It rejected, 15-12, n bill which would have required the housing of veterans organizations In tho War Memorial Building nt Litlle Rock. Sen. Tom ailvey of Bodvnw sponsored the bill, but It drew the fire of many members of the Senate. They sulct Its cllcct would be to make an ofTico building of ' the structure. No Nishl Sc.ulon» The House today rejected night sessions as a moaim ot clearing Its calendar, hut voted to Iwnln work SM LEGISLATURE »n Pane 10 in the government. ,.„,,< T'T in . v , eati '( nUl ?8 c°mmis3ion,deplored lack of civilian wmliol >y the President nnd defense secretary over the powerful military high command, ttie joint chiefo oflteff » It wild there Soybeans (F.O.B. Chicago) Open High Low Close May .. 225*5 229 225U- 227'i-'i July .. 221 223*1 221 223-222'i Mnr. .. 235'.t !38?i 234',a 231>i-'.i Arkansan Is Injured In Fall from Train PHOENIX, Ariz., Fob. 28. M'l— A man identified as Archie D. Barrows, 45, Washington, Ark., was found today critically Injured along the Southern Pacific Railroad tracks In West Phoenix. Police said tho man was believed lo have fallen from a train on which he was riding to Sacramento, Calif., where he was to take an examination for a teaching position. Barrows wns rushed to St. Monica's Hospital here. Aiilhorltlos snld he sultcrcd n fractured wrist and that his right leg was nearly severed. His condition was given critical. Economy Housing To Be Discussed Speakers Designated For Conference Here With Officials of FHA Details have been completed for (lie presentation In Blythevllle tomorrow of tho 1849 Economy' Housing Program of the Federal Housing Administration by Arkansas oj- Nclnls ol the FHA it was announced today by Max Logan chairman of the Blythevllle sponsors, the Chamber of Commerce and the local real estate board. Tho opening is scheduled for 10 a.m. In tho CILy Hall with J. L. Ounn president of the Blythevillc Chamber of commerce as the first .speukcr and the program will include n general discussion by tho varlou:: groups which nro being urged by the, FHA to assist in a program lo provide more low-cost homes which will meet FHA. stand- iirds. Oilier speaker) ami their subjects llslcil today by Mr. Logan Include: Olay E. Smith, state FHA director, The Economy Housing Program for 1840. and nlso on FHA Insured Financing of Economy Homca. M. E. McCoy, chief FHA valuator, Economies In Land Planning, and Builders' Problems in New Subdivision Developments. Mayor E. R. Jackson, Olty Cooperation in Economy Housing " Krnm. '' , W. M. Van Valkenbcrg, chief FHA architect, Economies In Design anS Construction. Alvln Huffman,' Jr., represcntlni Blythevlllo builders, Outlook 01 Building Materials Supply During IMS. J. M. Hamilton, loan guaranty officer tor the Veterans Administration, Financing Economy Housing for Vclcvans. Mr. Logan, representing insurance companies, Cooperation of Mortgage Bunkers. H. P. Barrc, chief FHA underwriter, Rental Housing Under Sections 008 nnd 2OT. Six Students Missing After Dormitory Fire OAMBIER, O.. Feb. 2S. OT'j-SIx students who were reported missing in n million-dollar Kcnyon College dormitory fire yesterday [ailed to appear for classes today. Fear mounted thnt they were trapped In the inferno which claimed two lives and injured 20 others. , There was no ofTictal comment from college ofUdnts. However, it was pointed out that if the students were out of town for the week-end, they probably would have returned for classes this morning. Is "continued dls- larmony and lack of unified, plan- ling" in Ihe supposedly "unified" department of defense; It found hat tlie military Is far too free of civilian control; and It warned of •extravagance" and "waste" which could do serious damage to the na- tonal economy. The 12-mai? bipartisan commission on government reorganization, leaded by former President Her. bert Hoover, strongly urged on Con- jress six recommendations Intended to remedy effects It found \inder >he present unification law. "There is evidence," It reported, 'that tho utmost that can be accomplished under the present statute will fall far abort of national needs." Most of the recommendation» were alined at concentrating greater control In the hands of the civilian secretary of defense (Secretary Forrestal, a member of th« commission, took no part la preparing the report,) CHe* Need for Action Duj, tlie group's filial suggestion emphasized the need for Immediate action on such things as "emergency pinna for civilian and Industrial mobilization," plans lor civilian defense and "defenses against unconventional methods of warware.* In commenting on the freedom enjoyed by the military, tne commission .levelled especially ttronf criticism at the way the joint ohlefj of staff are set up. H said the chiefs "are rirtuaUy a law unto themselves" and i nested, appointing a chairman bring "this most powerful of tar^unJU" under gfaong Prelate's Aide Admits Guilt in Money Deals BUDAPEST, Hungary, Feb. 28,(/P) —Josef Cardinal MlncJszenly'.s former treasurer pleaded guilty to black market money dealings today. The defendant, Monsignor Imre Boka, admitted to a people's court that he gave dollars and ( other monies to different bankers and brokers for block innrkct sale, ns the trial of 14 persons allegedly Implicated In Cardinal Mlndszenty's activities opened. Boka declared he always got Instructions from cither the cardinal himself, or through his secretary. He also asserted the profits made through these black market speculations were used for charity purposes. chalrman-or'th* ToDit chief! President Truman, reportedly bring an end to dlsagrei among the services. Whether, was the'jclnd of appointment^ commission had In mind, the port did not auy. Crlttcliei "Rivalries" But-lt did lay considerable stress on the bad effect of "Interservtce rivalries," commenting that they "Indicate a luck of unde»tandng of tho fact that military security depends upon cooperation and balance among the Army, Navy and Aid Force." And what the commission said about the military establlshmeot See DEFENSE on Pace 1* Goth ings Asked To Help Re-write Aiken Farm Law Representative E. O. Oathtngs, of the First Arkansas District, has been asked by Sub-Committee chairman Stephen Pace to Join In the hearings and discussion In relation ti} rewriting the Aiken law, it was disclosed today. The Act was passed in the closing hours of the Ins) Congress, The committee will take up ,the matter of support prices' for agricultural commodities for the crop year 1950 and succeeding years, as well as revision of the parity formula and other phases of tt long rfinge plan for agriculture. Mr. Gainings Is also serving on the Cotton Special Committee and Is Linking, majority member on Dr. Gabor Korvath, secretary to Sub-Committee Number Two of the Duke Pnnl EsterhaKj', nlso pleaded guilty and said he proposed to Es- tcrhazy to purchase the dollars. He snld he wanted to take precautions in case Bsterhaxy's property should melt away as a result of nationalization. The other defendants included 10 bankers and brokers and two priests. , hr Telephone Cable Links Memphis, St. Louis Circuits to the North Doubled by Southwestern Bell; Repeater Station is Located in Northeastern Part of City. .._ . * route between the North Central and Southern slates, and later can Ue used for television network transmission. Four Lines For Blvtlicville Telephone company officials today said that the number of long distance circuits from Blythevillc to St. Louis Is being increased from two lo four for a 190 per cent Increase. Carulhersville will be increased from three lo four. Slkcs- ton from seven to nine and Cape Girardeau from 10 to 16. After July I, It vas announced Blythevllle, Osceola, Joiner, Wilson and THirrcll in Arkansas, ami nlso the southeastern Mlsouri points will have additional direct circuits Into Memphis. The route for the coaxial cable follows the same general rout* of U. S. Highway 51 Into Memphis. T^e nroirct l.s a jni Company, and the Uing Lines Department of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. At Jackson, Miss., the newly constructed cable will link with the coaxial cable furnishing telephone circuits along the southern part of the nntlon between Los Angles and Jacksonville, F)a. The St. Louis-Jackson cable will thus add a new cross-country coaxial cable roule Unking the New York, Cleveland, Chicago, and St. Louis long distance pathway with the existing southern coaxial cable.. IVolorlert from Weather Cable placement began on the St. Louis-Memphis section in November, 1947, and on Ihe Memphis- Jackson section In June, 1918. Cable-laying plows, drawn by tractors, headed southward from St. traffic along the) of the Southwestern Bell Telephone) Since the cable is placed under- ground. It Is protected ngaimt damage from storms, fires, floods, falling tree limbs and other common menaces to aerial lines. About 90 percent of the cable was plowed directly Into the ground. The rest was placed In conduits and special submarine cable submerged !n water. Many small rcpcnter buildings were built along the path of the cable. These structures are required approximately every eight miles to house amplification equipment. Tills equipment bolsters up the .strength of ihe eleclrlcM currents carrying conversations through the cable, which diminish rapidly and must be renewed at frequent intervals. The coaxial cable Is about as thick as a man's wrist and contains rich; h^'o'r c«v\lnl tiilics. Each if the lubes is three-eighths ol an inch In diameter and Is made of copper. Running down Ihe center of each tube Is a copper wire about the size of a pencil lead, held In place by Insulating dlsc.s. The cable Is called "coaxial" because both the tube nnd axis. the wire have the same R.irllo Feature A coaxial tube can carry an extremely wide band of frequencies- wider, in fact, lhan the entire, spread jt frequencies used by all| radio stations in ordinary broadcasting. In order lo obtain many voice pathways for Individual telephone conversations within a tube the frequency band Is divided Inlo seperate channels—much thc frequencies shown on a radio dial are allocated to a number of different stations. At the cable the Individual voice set apart by crystal filters In a manner somewhat similar to that by which a radio tunes In a single slatlon. The cable also contains a number of ordinary wire conductors. Some of those wires are used for control of the cable's complex operating equipment, anil others to provide additional long distance service for cities along the route. Cable-laying plow trains were used In placing the various sections of the cable. Before laying the cable In the ground a roojer plow drawn by three tractors, cut a slot In the ground st the desired depth. Following this operation, a cable-laying plow laid the cable In the ground, and refilled the plowed furow. Bulldozers then over the ground which. smoothed after the rcst-ratlmi of vegetation, will show channels are precisely selected and | no trace of the cable's path. Agriculture Committee. "The studies In which our Committee are now engaged are most vital to the welfare of the American farmer, as well as the economy of the nation. When the farmer pros^ pers, the wheels ol Industry turn," Mr. Gathlngs said. "The producer of food and fiber must be assured that he will obtain a fair and equitable price for the commodities he grows. He In turn would be called upon to cooperate with the program to avoid accum- mulatlon of huge surpluses." "The new law should strike out the so-callect modernized sliding j c a I e formula and provide a straight SO percent support price for cotton and other basic crops," Mr. Oathings concluded. New York Stocks (1:30 P.M. Quotations) Am. Tobacco 63 3-8 Beth Steel 31 Chrysler 53 1-S Gen. Electric 35 3-4 Gen. Motors 57 1-S Int. Harvester 23 3-* Montgomery Ward 5* 1-8 N. Y. Central , 11 l-» Packard 4 1-8 Radio 11 5-S Republic Steel 24 1-g Socohy-Vacuum 15 1-4 Standard OH N. J 6« 3-8 Studebaker 17 5-5 Tcxis Co 49 ]-j U. 3. Steel 71

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