POU» IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe Is an independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Lirjwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Weapons and Race Wire service reports thai permits for pistols we "selling like hotcakcs" In Americus, Ga. are ominous. The fear that armed violence might Spread throughout the Deep South grows with elyery month. The pistol permits are reported to have been issued to whites in Americus, But the nonviolence that has so far marked most Negro demonstrations grows incre-isingly less dependable. : A departure from the mm-violence principle was marked by the formation last summer of the Deacon- for Defense and Justice, an organization of armed Negro vigilantes w h i c h now claims to have more than 50 chapters in Alabama. Lousiana. and Mississippi. The shooting of a white youth in Americus July 20 so far has not been connected with any organized activity by Negroes however. The Deacons say thev will use their arms (.nly for defense against attack. A voting white man was shot and scriouslv wounded in Bogalusa, La. on July 8 by one of two Ncgoes whom he had pummeled with his fists as they leaned from a car that was bringing up a rear of a civil rights inarch A link with the Deacons was alleged. Growth of the Deacons from a single local group that organized in lonesboro, La. last summer to a regional order of considerable size has caused concern that open warfare might erupt between the Deacons and rabid white racists. The Klu Klux Klan makes no secret of being armed. Charles Sims, head of the Bogalusa Deacons, says his organization was started because Negroes weren't getting police protection. "We organized for defense," Sims insists. During the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) convention in July it was disclosed that the civil rights group had been cooperating with the Deacons in Bogalusa and would cooperate with them elsewhere. A Deacons official, addressing the CORE convention, asserted that civil rights workers needed the vigilante group "to let the Klan know that the Negro as a whole is not non-violent." On the ..•losing day of the convention, July 5, however. CORE voted 120 to 4 against considering action that might put the organization on record as encouraging growth of armed defense groups like the Deacons. CORE in an even more startling move extended a gesture of cooperation toward the Black Muslims. For the first time in its 21- year history CORE allowed Muslim speakers- four of them—to expound anti-white,, anti,-: integrationist v i e w s at the convention. The gesture was linked with the organization's current effort to develop new units of political action among poor and disaffected Negroes in the urban North. "In mobilizing the ghetto to a political force," Floyd Mr-Kissick, CORE national chairman, told the convention, "we will have to understand and work with all elements of the ghetto and that includes the Black Muslims," who could "reach parts -of ... (the ghetto) that we could never reach alone." The unruly outbreaks in the streets of Northern cities last summer were in no sense demonstrations for Negro rights. Leaders of the rights movement sought to quell the street violence. But Negro frustrations unquestionably imperil non-violent tactics North or South, The Rev. A. T. Days, who heads the civil rights movement in Greensboro, Ala., the scene of much turbulence, probably speaks the Negro mind when he says: "The nonviolent appeal is being played out and they are not going to keep taking it." Keeping Tabs on Junk in Space There's one organization that not only has its tips :md downs; but it's in business because nf them. This is SPADATS—the Space Detection and Tracking System of North American Air Command. Now going into its fifth year, SPADATS is a global network of U.S Air Force, Army, Navy and Royal Canadian Air Force radar, radio and optical devices that keep track of what's going on in space. A number of civilian agencies also contribute data. SPADATS went into operation in July of ]96l. At that time there were 117 objects in its computerized catalogue The total count four years later was 1,415 objects, 598 of them being added in the past 12 months alone. But only 613 objects are actually still in space. The others have fallen out of orbit and been burned up in the atmosphere or have been recovered. Those still up there include 134 U.S. payloads, 23 Soviet, two British and one each be- 'onging to Canada and Italy. The majority of the objects are space junk—empty launching rockets and other debris. They add up to more than 350,000 separate space-object sightings every month. The glove left behind by Gemini-4 astronaut Edward H. White, however, is not included in the SPADATS catalogue Servicemen, Beware Things never get so bad that somebody doesn't spot a way to make a profit out of it. A handful of mail-order insurance companies are flooding recently inducted servicemen with applications for policies, reports William R. Morris, superintendent of insurance for the state of Ohio. Their premiums are high and there is great doubt that these companies have sufficient reserves to cover a rash of claims. The business has increased in pace with the growing war in Viet Nam, and has been spurred by the announcement by some life insurance firms that they are writing "war clauses" into servicemen's policies, exempting them from paying a claim if the policy holder is killed in military action One Navy recruit says he received 10 application forms in three weeks from the same company. Another company even phonies up its policies to resemble CF forms. If a chronic worrier kept a diary, he'd soon learn how seldom the things he worries about happen. Mao Tse-Tung: A Man of Caution iohn Back in 1954 Senator Knowland read a memorandum in the Congressional Record made by China's Mao Tse-Tung for use by his emissary, Chou-Lai, on a trip to Moscow. Forgotten for some ten years, the memorandum is now having renewed circulation in Washington. It is being quoted as evidence that Mao Tse-Tung has his own version of Hitler's "Mein Kampf" or Le'nin's various blueprints for world revolution^ an inexorable outline for action that must be followed through at all.costs of ultimate success. What impresses me about the Mao memorandum, however, is not its belligerence. The truly interesting thing is the extreme'caution that is interspersed thoughout its most fiery passages. Oh, fhe "Mein Kampf" element is there, all right. Mao was absolutely certain ten years ago that Western capitalism was riding for a fall. He predicted, with accuracy, that the / French, would be made "to back out of Indo- Ghina, preferably through the face-saving means of an armistice." But the action of the United States in committing itself to the integrity of South Viet Nam threw all of Mao Tse-Tung's other predictions out of whack. Mao thought Indonesia would be totally oommunized and that the British would be forced out of the Malay Peninsula by 1960. He thought Burma and Thailand would also be in "the hands of the people" — i.e., the Communists — by that saint; year. Mao's crowning insolence was to say that Red China would be so strong by 1960 that "the ruling clique ol japan will capitulate and a peaceful revolution will take place." By 1965 India, the Arab countries and the Philippines would, so Mao conjectured, be in the Communist orbit. The fact that Mao Tse-Tung has been proved so wrong in his tuning is interesting, but hardly important., Like Hitler and Lenin, he has always been willing to revise a schedule. Mao still thinks that, "with Asia and Africa disconnected from the capitalist countries of Europe, there will be & total collapse in west:> ern Europe." The isolation, of the United States \ \vould follow, ' •>"•.-•••-.••.• ...-•-. Taken at its face value, Mao's document indicates that no amount of persuasion will cause him to give up his conviction that he is on the winning side. But the memorandum never once envisages a Pearl Harbor approach to dealing with the United States, Speaking of Korea, Mao said, "In March, 1951. I suggested to Comrade Stalin that use should be made of (he Soviet submarines in Asia under some arrangement whereby the Soviet Union would not appear to be involved in the war. Comrade, Stalin preferred to be cautious, lest the capitalist imperialists be given a pretext for expanding the war to the continent." And then comes what might he called the typical Mao Tse-Tung stop-loss order: "Until we are better equipped for victory, it is to our advantage to accept agreeable terms for an armistice." At other places in the memorandum there are other cautious "stpp-loss" expressions. Speaking of the "larger stockpile of atomic weapons on the part of the capitalist countries .and the immaturity of China's agricultural development," Mao said: "Consequently, until we are certain of victory ,we have to take a course which will out lead to war." If all this is a "blueprint of aggression," it is one in which the element of gambling is totally absent. What Mao was saying ten years ago was that he would not commit Red China to offensive war until he was absolutely certain of winning. Lyndon Johnson's problem, then, is to convey to Mao Tse-Tung that Red China is still by no means "equipped for victory" and that the United States proposes to stay in in South Viet Nam even as it has stayed in South Korea. Since this is the problem, everything said by our Arnold Toynbees and Hans Morgenthaus to the effect that we are on the losing side in Southeast Asia is simply helping to prolong the war. Mao is being misled by our peace- mongers into thinking he is "equipped for victory" in South Viet Nam because a divided United States lacks the fortitude to slay ' the course. "Consensus"—It's Torture I —ELDON FLETCHER, SIOUX CITY JOURNAL Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Moral force can transcend military force in shaping the destiny of the world —if all available resources are used to transmit to peoples everywhere the realistic truths about the events that usua 1 11 y lead up to wars. President Johnson today has an opportunity in the court of world opinion to advance the American case in Vietnam by showing the true origin of the war and placing the responsibility where It belongs— on the shoulders of the communists. "Time" magazine in its current Issue has an editorial essay entitled "Communism Today—A Refresher Course." It contains the facts about the growth of communism and the menace of Its present-day operations throughout the world. The United States government has even more facts at its disposal, but the magazine article certainly furnishes the basis for an information effort of far- reaching significance that could well be undertaken by the American government. The "Time" essay says in part: "Underground and in open combat, by subversion, terror- Ism, blackmail, riot and rhetoric, faithful communists the world over have for dec a d e s waged a holy war against the rest of humanity. The tempo and techniques vary from era to era, from continent to continent. And the nature of communism Changes. Whereas Moscow now shuns the perilous confrontations that so often brought the cold war to boiling point, Peking grows ever more militant. For both capitals of world communism, the focal points of of conflict have shifted from Europe to Africa, Latin America and —most notably —Southeast Asia, where the John son administration last week sol- emly committed the U. s. to what could be a prolonged and painful war. ft ft a "Thus the Marxist dream of world domination is palpably no McCarthyist mirage. From Indonesia, where government-sanctioned mobs howled for the ouster of a newly arrived U. S. ambassador, to Cuba, where Fidel Castro proclaimed that 'the imperialists' will not prevent Red regimes from taking over throughout the hemisphere, it was also becoming clear last week that the U. s. would have to stand increasingly alone agains! the free world's e n e- mies. . . "Since the u. s.-Soviet 'detente' that developed after the Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays ay Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave., Iromvood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919. (Ironwood ••Jews-Record acquired April 16 1921: Ironwood Times acquired May 23', 194B.) Second class postage wood. Michigan. paid at Iron- MEMBI3R OP THE ASSOCIATED 1'KliSS The Associated Press IB entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed -In this as well as all AP news dis- of American Newspaper ._ Association, Inland Dally Press AsEoclation Buieau of Advertis- t\t, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. newspaper patches. Member Publishers Subscription rates: By mall within ft radlui of 60 miles—per year, $12,00; six months, $7 00! three months, $4.00; one month SI .50. No moil subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service is maintained. Elsewhere— per year, $21 00; si> months, Sll.OOs three months. SS./&: one month, S2.0Q All mail subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier. W0.80 per year la advance; by thi week, 40 centi. 1962 Cuban missile crisis, more venerable and more qualifi e d commentators also have b e gun to sound as if communism had quietly buried itself. Not long ago, the Manchester guard i a n pronounced: 'The Russians and the Americans no longer have any reason to quarrel.' And there Is a widespread school of chop logic that maintains simultaneously: 1) Russia can no longer be seriously regarded as a threat to the west, and 2) by its firm stand In Southeast Asia, the U s. is inviting Russian retaliation "Both premises are debatable at best: together, they are not an argument but plea for passivity The danger of such wishful thinking, as the state department's Walt Rostow has warned, is that 'out of a false sense that the cold war is coming to an end, out of boredom or domestic preoccupations, or a desire to get on with purely national objectives, we will open up new opportunities for the communists to advance.' " ft ft ft The magazine article goes on to say that, while there h'a v e been some changes in communist philosophy, "control over the world-wide comm u n 1 s t movement is still vested in special departments of the Sovi e t and Chinese central committees," and then adds: "Of the world's 105 Communist Parties, Moscow can count on 72, as against 21 for Peking. Twelve other Communist Parties—mostly In Western Europe —are vaguely Independent. In 1964, foreign aid by communist countries amounted to $1.7 billion, of which Soviet funds accounted for half, Eastern European funds for a quarter. Of 17,530 from the preceding year —only 15 per cent were C h i- nese "One of the most effective instruments of communist subversion remains the front organization. In McCarthy's heyday communist terminology was toss e d about too carelessly, and in many quarters today words and realities such as 'infiltration' no longer seem entirely credible. Yet the leading fronts still refl e c t the reality and breadth of the communist subversive eff o r t . They range from pacifist groups such as the World Peace Council—Headquartered in Prague — and the International Institute of Peace—Vienna—to var i o u s youth and professional outfits such as the International Union of students and the International Association of Democratic lawyers—Prague and Brussels. "Most of these organizations —many launched by non-communists with the best intentions and then taken over—are dominated by Soviet-line communism, although the Chinese are fighting hard to capture them and are setting up rival fronts of their own. Despite such duelling between the two red giants, and to some extent in reply to it, communist subversion proceeds apace, highly successful in some quarters, disastrously failing in others, but always at work." The essay also declares that since 1960 Castro has trained guerrillas from most Lat i n- American countries, and that propaganda and arms "are readily available to potent i a 1 revolutionaries throughout Latin America." If such views were translated into different languages and publicized by the United States government itself in every country in the world, this could develop into a most effective crusade in which world opinion would be mobilized to prevent further wars and to bring a last- Ing peace. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene The National Whirligig (Ral*«*«t b» MoClur* Newspaper Syndicate) By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Now that the new Social Security law, complete with medicare, is a reality, opponents of the legislation characteristically are trying to scare the daylights out of the citizenry. It will cost too much, they sneer, and plunge us all into bankruptcy and or debtors' prison. These calamity howlers are talking .fhrough their hats, as usual. To be sure, the Socia 1 Security tax will go up f o r everybody because the new benefits have to be paid for, but the new system remains a bargain. As much as $103 will be added to the annual tax on many, and eventually this Inc r e a s e will come to nearly $200. But for this, the citizn will get a 7 per cent increase in pension benefits, plus hospltalization insurance that will pay for both hospital and nursing home care. Additionally, there is a supplemental plan costing $3 a month which covers doctors' bills after a $50 annual deduction. ft ft ft SPENDING MONEY—The pension plan alone is almost worth the tariff. A citizen who has tirement benefit of $40 a month been getting the minimum r e will get $44 from September on. If he's been getting the top benefit, $127, he'll get $135.90. Eventually, the monthly check will climb as high as $168 for Individuals, while the limit for a family, now $254, will be increased to $368. Thus, between pensions and medicare, the retired American will draw much more from the Social Security fund than he contributes. Under med- icare, he'll get 90 days of hos- pltalization for each Illness, 100 days of nursing home care after his hospital stay, outpatient hos- pital diagnostic services, and up to 100 home health visits after hospitalization. ft ft ft WONT HURT BLUE CROSS— Nor am I moved by predictions from such as the myopic American Medical Association that the legislation will put hospital insurance plans out of business. There will always be those who want more protection than the government offers, and the new law will make it finacially more attractive for them to buy 11. Most persons over 65 undoubtedly will drop their volunt a r y insurance plans because they're assured of medicare benef 11 s, and thus private insurers will be freed of the burden of the high cost of providing health benefits to the aged. Presumably, they then will be able to offer reduced premiums and perhaps expanded benefits to younger citizens. In Michigan alone, for example, Blue Cross people say medicare will save them $16 million a year in such payments to old folks, ft ft ft 20 YEARS IN MAKING—Critics are also complaining that medicare was steamrollered through Congress by President Johnson. Admittedly, Johnson got the job done, but it cannot truthfully be deposed that Congress was rushed into Its decision. Harry Trurnan first recommended a form o f medicare more than 20 y e a rs ago, and It was on President Kennedy's priority list when he was shot down in Dallas. It has been debated over a longer period of time than any piece of modern legislation except civil rights. But all this is beside the main point, which is that the law reflects the conscience of a civilized country. It tells the old folks that from here in they can afford to be sick. Business Mirror By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON (NEA) —Four or five more changes in President Johnson's White House staff are likely to occur by the end of the year. They do not, however, signify any "running from Johnson." What is at work is the normal attrition which affects any major executive staff over the years, and would have taken place in some degree even if the late President Kennedy had lived. Lawrence O'Brien, head o f White House congressional lia- son, will probably depart as soon as Congress quits for the year. His plans to leave have been widely advertised, o f course,. since late 1964. Names of other prospect i ve 'departees" are known to this reporter. One of two have been hinted at briefly in public accounts. But to cqme down hard on them, at this moment could alter the timing and other factors Involved in departu r e. As the President moves t o ward the end of his second full year in the White-House, the remarkable thing, anyway, is not how many have left the fold. It is how smooth and .effective have been the blend of Kennedy men and Johnson men. ft ft ft Most of the Kennedy men on Johnson's staff today are still a little astonished at the way-the, transaction worked out. When of the "we're in now" which so charge here often accom- By SAM DAWSON AP Businss News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — The price of gold has risen sharply in European markets at a time when the United States would be especially happy If it would go down instead. A jump of 1% cents an ounce on the London Bullion Exchange Thursday brought the price to $35.191/8 an ounce, highest since November 1961. The official price at the U.S. Treasury is $35, with a little over 8 cents added as a han- panics key executive change - overs. The President told the, K e n- nedy men, "I have no s t a f f," and in a very literal sense he meant it. His helpers then were few and were without white House experience. His frequently stated dependence on the holdovers was real. Whatever their private thoughts the original Johnson crew was a model of deference in virtually all dealings with the Kennedy men. Sometimes, when a telephone call would do, they went out of their way to traipse down the hall for a respectful face- to-face meeting. In their turn, most of the Kennedy group stuck with Johnson through the critical early stages of his regime. Loyalty to the late president and his p r o- grams was perhaps the chief motivating factor, but some were quite happy to help Johnson in his own right. Now that the White House is heavily populated with efficiently operating Johnson men, the deep earlier concern over the transition may seem to some observers to have been exaggerated. But the look of ease ig misleading.' The continuing presence of so many experienced Kennedy men was a -vital stabilizing factor. Without demeaning their s u c- the President took over and 1 cessors, it is fitting to say that brought his originally small the holdovers provided import- corps of aides, there was none ant on-the-job-training for those - v -•."• • - Johnson men who walked into the White House totally green in the days after the assassination. Today Bill D. Moyers, White House press secretary and still a key policy maker, Is looked upon • — despite his youth —as a seasoned performer of consummate skill. But he had the benefit of some very knowledgeable associates from Nov. 22. 1963 on. The President fought fr o m the outset to prevent the mass exodus of Kennedy men. H e succeeded. He knew his need for them, and he wanted also to avoid any appearance that clusters of Kennedy aides were deserting his ship. On both sides, the motivations On both sides, the motivations were clearly mixed. What counts, however, is the fact that an effective blend was achieved and a solid White House establishment kept in being at all times. Partly by accident and partly by design, the Kennedy departures have been staggered over many months. At no time have they had shocking impact. Nor are the impending new switches likely to have this effect. History may well set the Kennedy-to-Johnson transition down as one of the most amazing executive change-overs ever a c - complished. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 78, low 65 . . . . Operations are expected lo be resumed at the Anvll-P alms mine Monday following a temporary shutdown causd by trouble with the hoist at the Eureka shaft at Ramsay, through which the mine is operated . . , Dennis Aspinwall has been elected honorary captain of the 1955 Luther L. Wright High School baseball team, Coach Jack Kraemer announces. A s- pinwall was elected by his teammates, who completed the 1955 campaign Thursday when they were defeated by Bessemer in the final Michigan- W i s c o nsin Conference game of the season. 30 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: Pligh 68, low 54 ... The lumberjack picnic at the Gogebic county fairgrounds on Sunday, August 5, was well attended in spite of the none too favorable weather .... A handicraft exhibition will be held at the Hamilton club, Mont real, Wednesday, August 8, in connection with the weekly outdoor band concert of the Hurley high school band concert. Artie 1 e s made during the summer playground season will be on display at this time. dllng charge when gold is sold. The Treasury has been losing gold at an Increased rate this year. Any jump in its price overseas makes it just that more tempting for other nations to turn in their surplus dollars for gold from the U.S. reserves. But the current rush of European speculators to buy gold— particularly to turn In their pound sterling holdings for the metal—seems unlikely to get out of hand as It threatened to do in the fall of 1960. Then the price rose temporarily to $40 an ounce and the big target was the U.S. dollar. The 1960 speculative raid on gold reserves led to a five-year drive by the United States to cut the deficit In its monetary transactions with the rest of the world, and thus re-establish firmly the reputation and value of the Yankee dollar. In the second quarter of this year the latest efforts in this drive have given the United States a surplus in its balance of payments—for the first time since 1957. The successful move was to get U.S. corporations to cut back on overseas investments and American banks to curb loans to foreign governments and Individuals. Even so the drain of gold has continued, with France especially turning in its surplus dollars for the metal. The gold speculative fever that seems to have been revived by Britain's troubles with its own balance of payments is linked to rumors that London may have to devalue the pound again. Any such intention has been firmly denied. But the rush to buy gold and bid up its price might have the side effect of leading other nations to turn in more surplus dollars—built up by years of U.S. payments deficits—for U.S. Treasury gold. Britain's troubles in defending the pound sterling are real enough. And Washington has been lending the Bank of England dollars with which to defend the pound from speculative raids. London has also been selling its large holdings of U.S'. securities to raise dollars. Such sales came at a time when U.S. stock markets were under pressure built up by domestic uncertainties. How much' the British dumping of stocks contributed to stock price weakness here is debatable. But with the growing war in Viet Nam, the United States must spend more for military goods. It must also defend its dollar from any speculative raids built on doubts Abroad as to the. effects of war on the U.S. domestic economy. Doubtless Washington .will .go' on helping London defend the pound sterling and iperhaps lend Britain a helping hand Vln its efforts to get its financial' house in order. A Daily Thought "" -..--. ,, As obedient children, do/.not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance.—J Peter 1:14. -••• 'V'. Habits' are cobwebs at first; cables at last. — Chinese proverb.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month