The Evening Sun from Baltimore, Maryland on December 8, 1941 · 1
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The Evening Sun from Baltimore, Maryland · 1

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Baltimore, Maryland
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Monday, December 8, 1941
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THE WEATHER r ('lowly nnd ti'rrmcr tnmyht, with lotn-xt temperature 33. Tuesday cloudy and colder. Ix lnili-il rc-Kirt on l'aga S! H EV H G Wall Street Close Vol. 64 No. 44 MORNING. KVKNINO. PAID CIRCULATION 151.22l) O-J 7 77 I november Sunday 233,019 BALTIMORE, MONDAY. DECEMBER 8. 1941 Entered as second-class matter at Baltimore PostolTice 42 Pages 3 Cents Q lA In. Ihw) .OJ :f nununo 17 House Old American Battleship Lost, One Destroyer Blown Up, Our Plane Loss Heavy By Ben II. Miller Washington, Dec. 8 Japan's Blitzkrieg against the Hawaiian Island of Oahu struck the United States with damage more serious than at first believed and caused the loss of at hast one "old" battleship, a destroyer, several smaller ships, a large number of airplanes and at least 1,500 lives, the White House revealed today. In the first official communique of the second day of this country's shooting war, Presi- Sea Supremacy Won, Tokyo Claims dential Secretary Stephen T. Early issued the following statement, which he said had been approved by President Roosevelt: "American operations against the Japanese attacking force in the neighborhood of the Hawaiian Islands are still continuing. "A number of Japanese planes and submarines have been destroyed. ' "Several Hangars Destroyed' "The damage caused to our forces in Oahu in yesterday's attack appears more serious than at first believed. "In Pearl Harbor itself, one old battleship has capsized and several other ships have been seriously damaged. "One destroyer was blown up. "Several other small ships were seriously hit. "Army and navy fields were bombed with the resulting destruction of several hangars and a large number of planes were put out of commission. 3,000 Oahu Casualties Feared "A number of'bombers arrived safely from San Francisco during the engagement while it was under way. "Reinforcements of planes are being rushed and repair work is under way on ships, planes and ground facilities. "Guam, Wake, the Midway Islands and Hongkong have been attacked. "Details of these attacks are lacking. "Two hundred marines all that remained in China have been interned by the Japanese near Tientsin. "The total casualties on the island of Oahu are not yet definitely known, but in all probability will mount to about 3,000. 1,500 Are Wounded "Nearly half of these are fatalities, the others being wounded. "It seems clear from the reports that many bombs were dropped in the city of Honolulu, resulting in a small number of casualties." This concluded the formal statement, but Early was asked if there was any explanation how the Japanese appeared to have been able to get inside of this country's outer defenses. The secretary said there was no official explanation, but that the consensus of the experts was that probably all, if not all, of the planes which struck out of the dawn yesterday morning had been airplane-carrier borne. They apparently were dive-bombers, he said, and had struck about daylight. Coasted On Targets, Is Belief This meant, he went on, that the carriers would have had all night in which to approach under the cover of darkness. It seemed that they thus were able to take off at a considerable distance, attain a high altitude, and then coast in to loose their destruction. Prior to Early's communique the Capital had been gripped in a tight and ominous silence since about midnight. All news, all major activities, centered around the White House, where President Roosevelt sat until far into the night with the Cabinet, Congress leaders and his closest advisers, and contemplated the epochal message he delivered this afternoon to a joint session of the House and Senate. Welders Planning Strike Tokyo, Tuesday, Doc. 9 (Official Radio Picked Up by AP) The Japanese asserted today they had won naval supremacy over the United States in the Pacific, claiming by official or unofficial reports the destruction of two American battleships and an aircraft carrier and the damaging of four battleships and six cruisers. These, declared the Japanese, were the principal results of the first shock of their air-naval offensive. The claim to supremacy appeared in a commentary resume broadcast by Domei, which said that any force the United States now could muster "would be regarded as utterly inadequate to accomplish any successful outcome in an encounter with the thus-far intact Japanese fleet." Reports Heavy Blows Dealt Imperial headquarters, in an an nouncement broadcast by Domei, said that two battleships and a minesweeper had been sunk, four heavy cruisers damaged, many mercnant ships seized and scores of planes destroyed aground and in the air in Hawaii and the Philippines. The communique aid also that a United States aircraft carrier had been sunk by submarine off Honolulu although this is not confirmed." So far as naval lpsses went, the Japanese said they had escaped un scathed and they acknowledged the loss of only two planes in Philippine actions. The Japanese said that the mine- Continued On Page B, Column 7 Washington, Dec. Brotherhoods of Welders, Cutters and Helpers, an independent labor union,! today rescinded an order of yesterday calling off a nation-wide strike and instructed all local officers to get their men ready "for a sudden and determined walkout." A strike which had been set for tomorrow was called off because of the war situation. By the Associated Press 8 The United National leaders said the new call came because members of the union had been refused permission to work by members of the American Federa tion of Labor at two ammonium plants being constructed for the War Depart ment at Morgantown, W. Va. Officials said a strike would involve 125.000 men throughout the nation. No time or date for the walkout was set. ySnoDDe Latest War 0 LTD 3Ianila Damage "Terrific" New York, Dec. 8 (P) -An NBC reporter, broadcasting: in the midst of an early Tuesday morning air attack on Manila, said that "terrific damage" had been left by the Japanese attackers, including the apparent destruction of the gasoline supply at Nichols Airfield. State Guard To Be Called Out A decision to call out the State Guard for the first time was made at Gov. Herbert R. O'Conor's conference at Annapolis this afternoon with military and police officials and leaders of civilian defense organizations. The Governor said the guard would be called out in numbers to be determined by its leaders and Third Corps Area officers to guard vital defense spots in Maryland. Peculations At Oakland t Oakland, Cal., Dec. 8 (TP) All schools in metropolitan Oakland were ordered closed today as an air raid precaution on reports that a Japanese airplane carrier may be off the Pacific Coast. Axis Roundup In Canal Zone Cristobal, C. Z.t Dec. 8 (TP) -Police began rounding up Germans and Italians in the Canal Zone today in a drive coordinated with the roundup at Colon w here Panama police have taken eleven Germans into custody and are combing the city for more Axis nationals. Guatemala Backs United States Guatemala '.City, Guatemala, Dec. 8 (P) President Jorge Ubico sent a message today to President Roosevelt to express Guatemala's solidarity with the United States against Japan. A declaration of war was expected during the afternoon. Egypt Breaking With Japan London, Dec. 8 (P) Exchange Telegraph reported today that the Egyptian Government has decided to break off diplomatic relations with Japan. Honduras Declares War On Japan Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Dec. 8 (P) Honduras declared war on Japan today and the Government established martial law throughout the republic. More War Bulletins on Page 2 Tol N - J 'Unprovoked And Dastardly Roosevelt Terms Japans Sea And Air Attack New York, Dec. 8 (VP) The Rome radio said today in a broadcast that the Japanese declaration of war "involves, in accordance witi the three-power pact, the existence of a state of war between the two Axis powers and the United States. CBS heard the broadcast. By the Associated Press Washington, Dec. 8 Congress voted a formal declaration of war against Japan today after President Roosevelt requested immediate action as an answer to Japan's "unprovoked and dastardly attack" on Hawaii. A united Congress acted swiftly after the President had revealed that American forces lost two warships and 3.000 dead and wounded i n the surprise dawn attack yesterday. The Senate vote was 82 to 0. The vote for war in the House was 3S8 to 1. The single adverse House vote was that of Miss Jeannette Rankin, Republican Congresswoman from Montana, who was among the few who voted against the 1917 declaration of war on Germany. The speed with which the two Houses granted President Roosevelt's request for the declaration was unprecedented. Text Of President's Message The full text of President Roosevelt's message follows: "To the Congress of the United States: "Yesterday, December 7, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. "The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its Government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. "Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American. message. While this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or armed attack. Calls Attack Deliberate "It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan the Japanese, makes it obvious that the attack was deliberate! v planned many charge d'affaires here "stating that in j or kg Duri th intervenmg time the Japa. view of Japan s wanton acts of un- J , provoked aggression the British Gov-jnese Government has deliberately sought to deceive the United eminent informed them that a state States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued of war existed between the two coun- ' tries." jPeaCe- Colonial Secretary Moyne made the J "The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused statement in the House of Lords. ! J a ; l i c Britain Declares War Against Japan By the Associated Press London, Dec. t Britain, like the United States under Japanese attack. declared war today on the Tokyo Government, without waiting for Washington first to formulate an American declaration. Said Prime Minister Churchill: "It only remains now for the two great democracies to face their tasks with whatever strength God may give them." j - At the oamc time Britain made allies of Thailand and Free China. Fighting In Malaya Churchill said the Japanese began landing in British territory in northern Malaya at 6 A. M. yesterday and were engaged immediately by British forces. Prime Minister Churchill told the House of Commons that instructions had been forwarded to the British Embassy at Tokyo and that at 1 P. M a i.ote was handed to Churchill recalled that "with the Continued On Page B. Column 1J Phi ippine Forts, Harbors Bombed IBy the Associated Press Manila, Dec. 8 Japanese bombers struck at military bases and ports the length of the Philippines today, smashing at big Fort Stotsenburg, Clark Field, the summer mountain capital at Baguio, the ports of Davao and Aparri and the far northern Batan Island group. Manila had heard no air-raid alarms and saw no raiding planes early tonight although Japanese warcraft were reported within forty miles of the city. Manila, which has no public air-raid shelters, was blacked out beneath heavily overcast skies from soon after dusk. Other ports also shut off lights and waited tensely. One Clipper Reported Damaged It was reported here reliably that the Hongkong Clipper of Pan American Airways was damaged in a Japanese air raid on Hongkong. The huge flying boat left Manila yesterday with a number of prominent Manila residents aboard and apparently was at the airways base on the Kowloon side of Hongkong harbor at the time of the raid. Reports here said passengers and crew were uninjured. Three Japanese Planes Downed The army headquarters announced that Davao, a center of concentrated Japanese population on the southernmost of the large islands, and Baguio, summer-time mountain capital of the Philippines north of Manila, had been bombed by daylight. During the afternoon Japanese bombers struck at Fort Stotsenberg, one of the biggest army encampments in the Philippines, and nearby Clark Field. Numerous buildings were said to have been set afire and the army's telephone communications to Manila were cut. Private advices said three Japanese planes were shot down during the attack. (Domei broadcast what it described as a reliable report from neutral sources that the Japanese air force attacked Fort Stotsenburg, headquarters of the United States Army in northern Luzon, heavily damaged an airfield and blew up numerous oil reservoirs during afternoon attacks on the Philippines.) 13 And 17 Planes In Attacking Squads The Mayor of Davao reported later that the Japanese had made a second assault on that city. (An NBC report from Manila said one Japanese plane was shot down in Davao Bay.) Army officials said they were investigating reports that the Japanese had also bombed Tarlac on the island of Luzon. Thirteen planes took part in the attack on Davao and inflicted some damage, the official announcement .said. Seventeen raiders were reported to have struck at Baguio. Continued On Page B, Column 3J r many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu. "Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya. "Last night Japanese forces attacked Hongkong. "Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam. j "Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands. "Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island. "This morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island. Defense Measures Ordered "Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts f yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation. "As commander in chief of the army and navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. "Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us. "No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. Speaks Of "Inevitable Triumph "I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again. "Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory and our interests are in grave danger. "With confidence in our armed forces with the unbounding Continued On Page 3, Column 3

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