Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa on June 5, 1946 · Page 7
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Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa · Page 7

Postville, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 5, 1946
Page 7
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WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1946. THE POSTVILLE HERALD, POSTVILLE. IOWA. PAGE SEVBM. For the Herald'* Ilomcmakcrs by Iowa Slate College Home Economists sS t ( » A s i By Iowa State College Garden Specialist. Begin Early To— DEVELOP FOOD HABITS Children can help, too, In the cITort to conserve food. If they're taught good food habits, they won't Waste food that's needed to krep children alive In other countries. And they'll benefit in later life from learning to cat everything. It's easy for adults to understand the need for preventing waste of food. But children need to be taught unconsciously to "clean their plates." Children lire unconscious of this fait, too—that they'll be the fortunate uncs Inter for learning to eat everything. But right now. the hungry children of the world will benefit i( bread crusts are eaten and vegetables denned up with less food from the child's dinner table ending up in the garbage can. •Cleaning plates" is the result of f.wl habits developed when a child is young, say nutritionists at Iowa State College. It is during the first five or six years that a child acquires permanent food likes and dislikes. Nutritionists point out that the lummy child is more likely to eat fomls without difficulty than a child who lacks an appetite. To parents this means serving meals regularly so that the child is fed when he is hungry. Rich foods should be avoided since they decrease hunger pangs. Then children aren't ready to eat when the mealtime comes 'round. And, of course, eating between meals will create the same situation—lack ol appetite. WM. C. BAKKUM CHIROPRACTOR In Postvllle Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays 1 JOSEPH B. STEELE ATTORNEY-'AT-L.AW Office Over Aberncthy's Store Telephone No. 240 DR. H. D. COLE Dentist Office Over Citizens State Bank Dr. F. W. KIESAU, M.D. Dr. M. F. KIESAU, M. D. Office Over Louis Schuttc's Hours—Dally 9 to 12 and 1 to 5 Wed. and Sat.—7 to 8:30 p. m. Dr. C. M. Morgan VETERINARIAN Office Opposite Post Office Telephone No. 14G-J Happy Child Has Appetite. The child who is happy usually will have an appetite—and happiness contributes to a guild appetite. For instance, a child will no doubt like a certain dessert served at grand mother's on the 4th of July when it is served again. That's because with appetite a food is pleasantly associated with past experiences of that food. And to create a happy atmosphere for a child's mealtime, parents must first set their own house in order. Quarreling and discontent cause tension and unhappiness. Much has been said.'too. about a parent's attitude toward a particular food given to a child. An unpleasant expression on a mother's face when feeding spinach to her child may cause a dislike for that vegetable. Children will reap the benefits if parents don't make known their own food dislikes so they aren't transferred to their children. New Foods in Small Amounts. There's no problem getting a child to eat everything if new foods are offered when a child is hungry. Nutritionists have found that the best time to introduce new foods is at noon or at the 10 or two o'clock feeding. The new foods should be offered one at a time in small amounts and for a period of a week or so. When the child is to learn to eat peas, for instance, they should be served alone so their flavor is not concealed. Then, as a child grows up, he will like each fond for its own texture and flavor. • From this "unconscious" teaching of food habits, a child will enjoy most foods and be able to eat without a fuss those he doesn't like. He'll be more likely to try new foods in small portions the first time they are served to him. Then he'll be more apt to try them again and again until he tikes them. And by "cleaning his plate" now the American child will avoid wasting even a small amount of food that might keep alive a child in starving countries abroad. Although the navy or pen beans are not adapted for commercial production in Iowa, they can be grown in home gardens if desired. Great Northern is a larger bean, hardier and usually more productive than the regular navy. In Iowa the fall rains tend to stain the seeds and ruin them for commercial purposes but not necessarily for home use. Curing the vines is a critical oper ation. When most of the pods lose their green color and become papery, it is best for the home gardener to harvest and cure them, with plenty of air, under cover to prevent molding. All beans—including navy beans, bush snap beans, pole beans, soybeans and limn beans—can be used for dry mature beans. If it is not possible to harvest all the pole beans, snap beans and the like for canning, there is no need to let them go to waste. Just let the plants mnture in the pods. The pods of the vegetable varieties shatter their seeds more easily than do field varieties, however. So it is especially important to harvest them as soon as the plants mature. If you have planted sweet potatoes, you may pull up the running vines to discourage too early a rooting along their length. This may be done during the first two cultivations. Later they may be allowed to develop. Under no circumstances should sweet potato vines be pruned. Keep fertilizing, especially leafy vegetables. If any one of the nitrogen fertilizers is available, it may be dissolved in water and used to water such plants as lettuce, spinach, chard and cabbage. Use about one ounce to the gallon of water. Fertilize in this way about every 10 days. Peas, beans, tomatoes and all plants bearing pods or fruits should be fertilized with one of the common complete garden fertilizers instead of a straight nitrogen fertilizer. This maybe sprinkled on either side of the rows of vegetables and scratched into the soil. Use about one pound to HO feet of row. Vigorously growing vegetables are better able to withstand injury .by pests and are better in quality. unD €P »*Tonoina IOWA CMILDCken l »onsoft.eo w THC IOOM CHILD veirane MKAKH vmm Food Program Pitfalls Endanger Our Nation CHILDREN NEED ENCOURAGEMENT. BAKE BETTER BREAD WITH EMERGENCY FLOUR Two little boys and a slightly older sister heard a great deal said about gardens. They also heard a plea over the radio for more food for the war torn countries. So the little boys and the little girl tried to plant a garden. They worked hard trying to dig up a plot, in the wrong place, in the wrong way. Not a single adult came out to help them get the proper start. At the end of their child's patience they quit, without putting in the seeds. The hens made a dusty wallowing hole out of their bright hopes. Their parents told them that they should always finish what they begin. But it does no good to tell a young child what he should do without giving him some help and encouragement. Mary, age 5, knelt at her mother's elbow watching her drop the seeds in a row. She wanted to drop some of them and was allowed to do so. She was allowed to help cover them. Here was a new experience for Mary. Fortunately her mother was not too busy to let her experiment, for children learn something from each new experience. Mary next decided to have a garden of her own. She gathered some hollyhock seeds and planted them. Then she forgot about them for a few days. Finally she remembered and went to look at her garden. She came flying into the house breathless with wonder. Her seeds were coming up. She is a grown lady now and says to this day she has never felt a greater thrill. Something took place in her character growth that day. Her own lovely garden today blesses tired hot people as they pass her house. Nobody ever told her she ought to plant a garden or that she ought to ike flowers. Nor did she, as a child, become a gardener, always finishing what she began. Yet who can say how much life-long pleasure began for her the day she received encouragement to plant a few seeds? The following article, taken from "Fecdstuffs," a trade journal for the feed industry, points out dangers confronting this country in the present program of getting foodstuffs to the stricken countries and which we believe contains much of interest to all of us who are close to the acres. It is captioned "Watch Food Program Pitfalls" and reads as follows: Such sympathy begetting terms as famine relief and humanitarianism are being used nowadays to cover up a multitude of suggestions—and even official actions—that are so impractical and provocative that they would bring a deluge of wrathful protests ufider any other circumstances. But the one who makes a public criticism—even a mild one—of these "humanitarian" measures at present runs the very probable risk of being pointed to by various groups, agencies and individuals as a greedy, selfish, calloused, narrow person—a thorough stinker. Yet there arc important phases of the current plans—official and otherwise—to feed the world's hungry that need the close examination, and criticism if necessary, of those whose whole lives and fortunes are concerned with the production, processing and distribution of food. The plans need the close attention, for that matter, of every citizen of the United States, but there are millions outside of those experienced in food supply matters who have no basis for sound, practical judgment and who are inclined to be influenced entirely by the natural sentiments and sympathies that are a virtue of the human race rather than by common sense. To these latter, it seems to be a simple proposition that is stated: There are many, many persons in other countries who have dangerously insufficient supplies of food; let us agree to eat less, so that they may have more. But the proposition is not that simple, and it is high time that its complexity is brought into the open and the problem discussed from the standpoint of what can be done practically to relieve the world's distress, rather than from the angle of what we would like to do if we could. It likewise should be made the business of all of us to inquire into exactly where our food supplies are going and how they are being used. There is a vast difference in the attitude of some of us, at least, toward giving food to relieve actual threat of starvation on the one hand, and to the sacrifice of food primarily for the purpose of international power politics on the other. The latter may be necessary, but if that is the objective those who are so adversely affected, should know about it. There are some things about the government's emergency export program -that should be watched with particular care and that should be criticized immediately and vociferously whenever anything out of the way appears. One is the attempt, of which there are already some indications, to use the emergency to build government control of grain marketing and processing machinery. "Humanitarianism" cannot camouflage or excuse any such moves. There also should be every pressure exerted to have more—probably most —of the processing of cereal crops done in this country. We have not seen, to date, any good or sufficient reason stated for shipping our wheat to Europe to be milled there. To say that it saves time to ship the whole grain is a lame answer. Flour can be milled as quickly in the United States as in Europe, and our citizens, at least, will have the employment of facilities and labor that otherwise would be idle, plus the by-products that are so badly needed here for feed. The famine relief program deserves the cooperation of everyone, in the grain and processing industries. There is no dispute concerning that. But every proposal suggested or promulgated in connection with famine relief or prevention should not be accepted blindly. One is not necessarily lacking in human sympathies if he insists upon subjecting the food export plans to careful consideration and necessary- revision of details and adjustment to developments. LOUIS SCHUTTE WILLARD SCHUTTE Funeral Directors and Embalmcrs Cut Flowers For All Occasions BURLING & PALAS ATTORNEVS-AT-LAW Office Over Postvllle State Bank You can buy a potential fuelsaver if, when chousing cooking pans, you choose those with flat bottoms and straight sides. These features help to save heat. One of the best ways for dairymen to conserve needed milk supplies is to limit feeding to calves. J. W. MYERS, M.D. Office Over Luhman & Sanders Telephones: Office 188-W Residence 188-X r. R. F. Schneider VETERINARIAN Phone No, 170 Postvllle, Iowa Day and Night Calls Answered > In The Iris Theatre Building Monona and Postville Rendering Service We Pay Up To— $2.50 For Horses and Cows Permit 45 For Prompt Servioo Telephone POSTVILLE LOCKER SERVICE Telephone No. 288 Monona Farmers Phonr No. 208 <2 loaves) 1 cup milk, scalded 2'v tablespoons sugar 3 teaspoons salt 2'.•> tablespoons melted shortening I cup lukewarm water 1 cake compressed yeast or package granular yeast 6 cups sifted, enriched, emergency flour *i cup of the same flour, extra Scald thc*milk and add sugar, salt and shortening. Cool to lukewarm. If using compressed yeast, take M cup of lukewarm water and let stand until softened. If using granular yeast, follow directions as indicated on container. Add softened yeast and lukewarm water to the lukewarm milk mixture. Mix together. Beat in half of flour (3 cupsl. Beat ntil this batter is smooth. Stir in the rest of flour. Place the '.1 cup of flour on your read board, spreading it out in a pace large enough to top with dough. Place dough in center of your flour ing and start the kneading process. Knead for 10 minutes by the clock. Do not be alarmed if you do not use all the flour on your board. At the nd of this kneading period, surface will be slightly mottled with very tiny gas bubbles—not the large ones ob aiiied with regular flour. Place the dough in a lightly greased bowl. Lightly grease the surface of the dough. Cover with a cloth and set n a warm place to rise. Use n slight ly lower temperature than before, round 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Lot iso until almost double in bulk. Punch fist down in center of dough Turn dough over. Cover and let rise again until almost double in bulk. Divide dough into two portions. Round each portion into a smooth ball. Place on kneading board, cover well and let rest for 10 minutes. Shape into loaves. Place in well-greased bread pans. Cover tightly and let rise until almost doubled in bulk. Bake in n moderately hot oven, 400 degrees Fahrenheit for 15 minutes. Reduce heat to 375 degrees Fahrenheit and bake for 30 minutes longer. Allamakee Rendering Works Call 555 Postville ALL DEAD ANIMALS LARGE OR SMALL We Pay Cash and Meet All Competition WE WILL PAY FOR THE CALL I FREEZE TENDER PEAS WE CAN SAVE FOOD. When peas are right for table eating, they're right for putting up. And that's when the pods of peas are plump and roundish, says Jewel Graham, extension nutritionist at Iowa State college. To freeze freshly picked peas, scald them in continuously boiling water for one minute—no longer. Miss Graham recommends using a pint of peas to 4 or 5 gallons of water. Dip the peas immediately into ice cold water to give them their bright green color.. When they're cool, pack into containers that will not leak, and cover with a salt-water solution—one tablespoon salt to one quart cold water. Use no more salt or you'll have salty peas. Leave an expansion space for freezing when you pour the brine solution over the pens; 3/8 inch for pint containers and 3/4 inch for quarts. JUNE 15 DEADLINE FOR HATCHERYMEN'S SCHOOL Iowa hatchcrymen who plan to attend the Hatchery Flock Selector and Pullorum Tester school at Iowa State college July 15-19 have only one more week in which to register. H. L. Wilcke, college poultryman said this week that all applications must be in by Juno 15. Hatchcrymen who now hold authorization cards for work under the National Poultry Improvement plan are required to attend the one-day refresher course scheduled for'July 15. The discussion, and the decision, cannot properly be left only to those idealists—often misinformed or lacking information—who would plunge headlong into policies that will bring progressive difficulties to oil of us. \ Nor can the discussion and the decision properly be left to those who apparently welcome the opportunity presented by the crisis of pointing the world's and our own nation's economy along nationalized or socialistic lines. Plain, hard realism is greatly needed in our thinking and action and in the formation of our policy. This can be said without questioning that, in these circumstances, sympathetic action is of greater account than criticism. At best, however, damage that will take many years to repair is being done to great industries by \he policies adopted to drain this country's grain supplies for shipment abroad. The flour milling and baking industries are virtualy being forced to close, and the campaign against bread consumption that is being carried on in the United States at present is bound to have lasting repercussions, not only for flour milling and baking companies, but for wheat farmers as well. The feed industry is going to be severely affected, and farming and feeding operations upon which a great deal of the country's prosperity depends will be placed under handicaps that will result in economic upsets and much lessened food production in the United States for a long time to come. Packing and other processing firms, distributors of farm products, d the employees of all these, are going to be directly and drastically affected. In view of these and many other instances that could be cited, as much protection as it is possible to give without losing sight of the famine relief objectives should be offered to the producers, processors and others who will bear the principal burden of financial losses and operating upsets. A million pounds of much-needed fat can be saved each day if each American saves just one teaspoonful. Food saved in each kitchen here today becomes food for famine victims tomorrow, No one in America will get sunken cheeks and a lean and hungry look from cooperating in the Food-for- Faminc program. Iowa State College nutritionists promise. But the food saved by a little thought and a little planning here in America will put roses in the sallow cheeks of the children of Europe. The litters of pigs that weigh the most at weaning time will reach market weight earliest. Gilts from those litters are the most likely to raise good litters of their own. THANK. YOU ! For the fine vote accorded me in Monday's primaries. I wish to thank all who supported me and solicit your continued good will in the oncoming fall campaign. I assure you, this will be appreciated. LEON HENDERSON County Treasurer The price index received by Iowa farmers in April stood at 240 points, an advance of three points during the last month. , SHIP GAME BIRD CHICKS TO IOWA SPORTSMEN'S CLUBS The first of the two week old game bird chicks will be shipped to the cooperating sportsmen's groups the first of June from the state game farm at Boone. A total of 7,600 quail and 13,150 pheasant chicks will be shipped to cooperators during the next few weeks. It should be kept in mind, for one thing, that there is always hunger in the world—a sad, even tragic fact, but one for which no solution ever has been found. Our present all out measures can relieve some of the emergency, but cannot bring ample food supplies to everyone. A second thing to keep in mind is that it will be a mistake to sacrifice our future ability to produce food. Cereals may be needed to meet the quick emergency, but there is a point beyond which the forced liquidation of livestock and poultry should not be allowed to go. J V THANK YOU! I deeply appreciate the fine endorsement the voters of Allamakee county gave me at last Monday's primary. Your continued support, leading up to next fall's election will also be appreciated by me. PETER HENDRICKSON Sheriff Bluegrass pastures should not be overgrazed. AUCTIONEERING Huving recently graduated from the Reisch American School of Auctioneering, I am prepared to handle all types of sales, as household, real estate and farm auctions. Wilt be glad to consider your needs for an auctioneer and invite your inquiries, ELDON DULL AUCTIONEER Phone 212-F-161 Monona, Iowa it Whether you are • mild, me. * ^ dlum ot tevctc case •. .whether ^ you ute * hearing aid or not * .,. important dlKOverlei make * # possible the greatest help ever * £ offered to the hard of hearing. + ACOUSTICON CO. Write or call for free booklet or consultation and demonstration. JOHN I. LARSON McGregor, Iowa THANK YOU ! I am grateful to the voters of the county for their splendid vote given me in my first request for public office. May I respectfully request your continued support and good, will leading up to the fall election? ROLAND HERMAN Supervisor V. THANK YOU! May I take this means of expressing my deepest appreciation for the fine vote and support given me in Monday's primary election. I hope I may continue to have your loyal support. HENRY QUANRUDE Supervisor 1 I II, I ,i i In. ill iMIr'H.i; '"I A I i ii. I. In. • . . i> | i | • I I I L' < .Ki >s> nil, i n il I'l. U.i I 'I ( ( .Ii \ I I I i I \\ \

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