Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on May 25, 1965 · Page 12
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 12

Redlands, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 25, 1965
Page 12
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12 - Tues, May 25, 1965 Bedlands Daily facts This is one of the sleek Russian fishing boats prowling about the world. Red ring around the world Russian fishing fleet does more than fish WASHINGTON (NEA) - Like the tentacles of a giant octopus, tlie arms of the rapidly expand ing Russian fishing industry are reaching for a stranglehold on the world's principal commercial arteries. Only the briefest glance at a map spotting the location of the five Soviet land fishing bases outside Europe — all completed within the last two years —shows that these bases pose a serious threat to the Free World's ocean commerce. Each of these bases — in the opinion of scientists who have seen them firsthand — is substantial enough to house a fleet of submarines. The Russian base on Cuba is in a good spot to cut off com merce headed for the Panama Canal, if need be. It could also sever all major trade routes be tween the United States and eastern Latfai America. Soviet fishing bases at Alexandria, Egypt, and on the guU of Aden could control, if necessary, both ends of the Suez Canal. Another Russian installation in Indonesia lies off the Strait of Malacca — the major Asian trading route. Trawlers working out of the fifth base — in Ghana — are in good position to keep an eye on what is going on at the Atlantic Missile Range. The most strikmg aspect of this potential Russian threat is that it has been accomplished with a maximum of good will, particularly in Africa, and a minimum of expense. Large Soviet fishing catches are sold cheaply, but at a profit, to Ghana, Nigeria, Congo (Brazzaville), Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea — countries which badly need the fish protein. "It's food diplomacy," notes a U.S. oceanographer, "and it seems to be working better than dollar diplomacy." The profits on the fish pay for most of the cost of constructing the bases. Of concern also to the United Slates is that, through the Soviet fishing fleet, the Russians may soon be in a position to bypass America in the vital science of oceanography. It's no secret that the sleek, modem Soviet trawlers off both coasts of the U.S. — between 250 and 300 of them are constantly less than 50 miles offshore, most of them barely outside the three-mile limit — are loaded with electronic and photographic gear, including radar. From permanent floating bases (mother ships which remain stationary, supporting convoys up to 100 trawlers) the Russians are gathering valuable data on tides, currents and natural resources in the oceans. The bases are obviously per manent since the Russians have established a steamship passenger line to ferry fishermen back and forth. In June 1962, the passenger-freighter Smolny made its first run between Vladivostok and Bristol Bay (off the coast of Alaska) carrying 30O fishermen to replace those who had been at sea too long. "As yet, there is no ocean-' ography gap," says a U.S. Navy source, "Our knowledge of the ocean is probably wider than that of the Russians. But m exploitation of the oceans, they Church council board adopts housing report Dr. William Sage Woolworth announced today that the Board ot the Bedlands Council of Churches has voted to approve the non-discrimination policy statement of tlie Human Relations Committee of the University of Bedlands Students. The report on apartment housing discrimination in Redlands was presented by Sam Brown, outgoing president of the Student Body at the University. He said that it is not the desire of the Committee to cause anyone trouble by publishing names or making accusations. Rather it aims to further an atmosphere of mutual respect and tolerance that would naturally lead to accept standards of, non-discrimination. Mr. Brown reports that four organizations in Bedlands, before whom the student report was presented, have voted to support its spirit: The Redlands Human Relations Council, the YWCA, The University of Redlands Faculty Senate, and the Redlands Council of Churches. have us beat from here to Sunday." Each year, the Russians spend the equivalent of billions of U.S. dollars in their space program, an expenditure matched by America. But few Russian rubles go into oceanographic research, because the almost incidental fishing catch is so profitable. In effect, Russian fishing is subsidizing Russian oceanography. By the end of this year, the aggressive Russian fisherman may surpass the Japanese as the world's leading producers of fish. Also disturbing to the U.S. government are the "extracurricular activiiies'' of the Russian trawlers. From their safe haven in international waters, the vessels observe, photograph and record data on space shots from Cape Kennedy, naval exercises off California, Polaris missile tests off Long Island and Air Force SAGE radar defense tests. The Russians enjoy the best of both worlds in this field, since they zealously maintain a 12-mile limit off their own coastal waters, but feel free to fish within three miles of most other countries. And when necessary, Soviet crews CcUi be tough. Alaskan fishing boat skippers have reported that when Russian trawlers enter their work zone "we simply have to leave the area or lose our pots." In 1962, three French warships had to be called out to protect 36 French trawlers from a fleet of 300 Soviet vessels which had invaded the southern English Channel. Yet the Russians can employ (he soft touch, as witness their courting of Iceland and the Faroe Islands for fishmg concessions. Experts agree that the main reason for the Soviet success in fishing and oceanography is a smooth command system, with goals and responsibilities clearly defined. In the U.S., some 22 separate federal offices carry on Dceanographic research under the loose supervision of (he Interagency Committee on Oceanography — an organization handicapped because its members hold full-time jobs in other agencies. There is no coordination or co-operation with the U.S. commercial fishing industry, which for the last 20 years can be described as apathetic at best. Currently before Congress is a resolution introduced by Sen. Warren Magnuson, D-Wash., which would authorize the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries to conduct a sui-vey of U.S. fishing resources. As Magnuson himself admits, the bill does not go far enough, fast enough. "But it will help us take stock, find out what's wrong and pave the way to doing somethmg about it," he says. Dr. Armacost to talk at S.D. commencement Dr. George H. Armacost, president of the University of Redlands, wUl address the commencement exercises for San Diego's three junior colleges on June 17. The occasion mai-ks the golden anniversary of junior college education in San Diego. Nearly 300 persons wUl receive diplomas from the three institutions: San Diego City College, San Diego Mesa College and San Diego Evening College. Commencement exercises will be at 8 p.m. in the Civic Theater at the Community Concourse. Dr. Armacost's address will be entitled, "The Perils ot Freedom." Redlands man sent to Chino RIVERSIDE (CNA) — A 26- year-old Redlands maintenance man has been sent to Chino for examination to determine if he is a narcotics addict before being sentenced for falsifying narcotics records. Edward Val Jlunoz of 1209 Texas, had pleaded guilty to one count of falsifying narcotics records on April 15 and a second charge was dropped. He admitted having given a false address when he obtained elixir terpmhydrate and codine from a Riverside drug store on three different occasions during March. PRICES EFFECTIVE: MAY 26,27,28,29 & 30 WED., THURS., FRI., SAT. AND SUN. ALL ITEMS LIMITED TO STOCK ON HAND SATISFACTION GUARANTEED OR YOUR MONEY REFUNDED GRANADA ROSE TOWEL BUILD YOUR SET WITH THE ITEM OF THE WEEK, FREE WITH MINIMUM <I0.00 PURCHASE AND COUPON fllPHflBETfl BONUS COUPON FREE! GRANADA ROSE WASH CLOTH WITH THIS COUPON & MINIMUM $10.00 PURCHASE OR 19c EACH WITH COUPON AND MINIMUM $5.00 PURCHASE (EXaUDING FLUID DAIRY PRODUCTS! wmmi Coupon Good thru Tues., 3une 1 WASHINGTON STATE lEXTRA FANCY • Wl NESAP LOCAL GROWN • LARGE • FRESH GREEN NEW CROP • SWEET • "SALAD FAVORITE" GRANADA ROSE BATH ACCESSORIES Sleekly styled plastic in Avocodo Green, Rose, Antique Gold or White to match or contrast. Tissue holder, .niD 89c; Wastebasket, $1.29; Hanging *Y «u Hamper, $2.98. 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