The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota on January 17, 1959 · Page 6
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The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota · Page 6

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Austin, Minnesota
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Saturday, January 17, 1959
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Page 6
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HOW COME THE TOMB? Guides at Florence Explaining Now About Other John XXIII By EUGENE LEVIN FLORENCE, Italy (AP) - The! tourists were downright putzled,' Th«y hid Just com* from Rome, when • rigorous Pope John XXtll rul« the Vatican. Now they were in Ptorencft looking at the tomb of Pope John-XXIII. The guide saw the bewilderment on their faces. "I'm *>ry," he »aid. "I must explain. This i* the tomb of a Pope John XXIII who died in the 15th century. He really wasn't a legitimate pope. He was an antipope, a false claimant to the papacy. Keeps Forgetting: "For years I have told tourists that this is the tomb of Pope John XXJI1. I never had to distinguish between him and the present pope. Now I must and I keep forgetting." Donatello and Michelozzo, two of the greatest Italian Renaissance sculptors, have given the antipope a magnificent tomb just outside the historic cathedral of Florence. How did a man considered a false pope get such a fine tomb? Born About 1370 The antipope, born about 1370, was Baldassarre COSSB, son of a noble family of Naples. He was 8 when the "Great Schism" split the Roman Catholic Church. One pope, Clement VII, set up shop in Avignon, France; another, Urban VI, in Rome. The schism continued through the reigns of Popes Boniface IX, Innocent VII and Gregory XII in Rome, while the antipope Benedict XIII succeeded Clement in Avigtion. Cossa, a youth of talent and energy, entered the service of the popes of Rome and became a cardinal at the age of 32. Seven yeari later he played an important part in the Council of P'sa, which sought to resolve the schism. Instead, it merely • ^awd another schismatic faction. Alexander V Elected The council ruled that both Gregory XII at Rome and Ttene diet XIII in Avignon should be deposed. Then Cossa brought about the election of Alexander V, now considered an anlipope. A year later, in 1410, Alexander died and Cossa was elected Pope John XXIII by the cardinals supporting him. The schism had political overtones and Cossa had the solid support of the rich city of Flor ence, which was then building itself into a rival of Rome and of France. But Gregory in Rome and Benedict in Avignon both refused to give way to Alexander or his successor, John, and until 1415 there were three rival claimants to the papacy. Declared Deposed In that year, the Council of Constance brought about John's abdication. Benedict was declared deposed. Gregory resigned to help resolve the schism. Two years later, Martin V was elected pope and the schism ?nd- ed. Cossa paid homage to Martin, who returned the erstwhile Pope John XXIII to the cardinalate. Cossa had long been a favr of the flourishing Florentine R; public and he went to Florence to spend his last years. On his death, his magnificent tomb was ordered built by Cosimo de Medici, a founder of the powerful nl- ing family of Renaissance Florence, GOP Assignments Not Yet Completed WASHINGTON (AP) - Republicans will not have their committee assignments ready today for an unusual Senate session called just to receive them. The GOP Senate Committee on Committees scheduled a closed- door session to work on the assignments. One Republican leader said privately there were many knotty problems. But Sen. Leverett Saltonstall (R-Mass), chairman of the Conference of all Republican Senators, said the conference would not meet until Monday to pass on the committee posts. o'-AUStlN (Minn.) Saturday, Jan. 17, \939 Hutchins Says: 'Biggest Enemy of Progress Is Mental Indolence' About 80 per cent of the nation's supply of phosphate comes from Florida. THE PRESSURES OF BIG BUSINESS — Five - year - old Ricky Wright checks the stock market from his dad's office in Wellston, Ohio. A financial paper on his lap brings the youngster up to date in the heady world of finance. Why such interests in one so young? Because Master Wright, who threatens to wind up as a b-i-g businessman some day is a stockholder in the Chesapeake aha Ohio Railroad. Just two shares, mind you, but Ricky calls it HIS railroad. Holscher Will Be Arraigned Monday in Death of Girl, 12 MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — Glenn E. Holscher, 25, Minneapolis, will be arraigned Monday on four indictments, Including one for first degree murder in the beating death of 12-year-old Patricia Gross a week ago this morning. The Hennepin County Grand Jury returned the true bills late Friday. The other three indict- ments were for second degree assault, the result of injuries inflicted on three other children when Holscher invaded their south Minneapolis home. One of the assault victims, Robert Gross, 15, was one of the 28 witnesses who testified before the jury. The two others still are hospitalized with wounds police said were inflicted with a pistol butt. By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) - "The biggest enemy of human progress is mental indolence," said Robert Maynard Hutchins, who will be 60 years old Saturday. "As Aristotle said, 'Learning is accompanied by pain.' Too many people won't go through that pain," he said. "The biggest mistake man makes is that he doesn't think through the question of just what is really worthwhile." The onetime "boy wonder" of the educational world—he was secretary of Yale nt 23, dean of its law school at 28, and president of ;he University of Chicago at 30— is still a figure of controversy as head of the Fund for the Republic. At 60 he looks 50. His crew cut hair is graying, but his 6-foot-3 frame shows no sign of a paunch. Nor does his mind. He is as ready as ever to fight for his ideas, but still professes surprise that his ideas stir up so much contro versy. It is remarkable to me that people think of a critic in an ad' verse sense," he observed. "Criticism to me means appraisal. To most people it seems to mean at tack. But to lay the basis for improvement in any field you first have to point out that things are not already perfect." Hutchins has been assailed as an iconoclast, a cynci and a pessimist. He regards himself as more of an optimist, feels the gen eral level of the world today is letter than it has ever been, and s strongly hopeful of human Jrogress. "Yes, I am hopeful," he said, smiling. "But if pressed for specific grounds for my optimism I might be at a loss to explain why. "1 don't believe, however, that things just get better and better by themselves every day. A tremendous exercise of human will and Intelligence is necessary to achieve progress. 'And I think that everything that is called progress isn't necessarily real progress. "I do feel, what many of my contemporaries don't feel, a sense of crisis—and It has Very little to do with the Russians. If all the Russians were to disappear tomorrow—or become Republicans —everything wouldn't be fine. We must find our own standards and our own purposes, and not measure our own effort by the activities of people we deplore. "The crisis I feel is a crisis about the whole American tradi tion. The question is whether our own democratic institutions can stand the strains and pressures of large, heterogeneous, bureaucratic society—whether the individual can stay free." Convinced that civilization can not withstand another general war, Hutchins sees only final disaster in a continued armament race. Hutchins still feels American universities spend too much effort teaching students how to earn a living instead of developing their intellectual powers, still feels men will never learn to live reasonably until they first learn to reason better. His own philosophy, he Said, it summed up in this quotation attributed to both Charles the Bold and William the Silent: "It is not necessary to hop* In order to undertake, nor to •ue- ceed in order to persevere." Charged With Extortion, but Says It's Joke LOS ANGELES (AP)-A man who officials charge tried to extort $100,000 from movie executive Sol Siegel says it's "just a joke." Herbert Strauch, 34, a commissary worker, told U.S. Commissioner Theodore Hocke Friday h« wouldn't harm anybody or tak» money from tKem. FBI men arrested Strauch Thursday. They said he was talking at the time on the telephons to Siegel, production chief of MGM Studio, about arrangement* for paying the money. Agents said the lives of Siegel and his wife, Ruth, were threatened in an extortion note. Strauch was freed on $10,000 bail pending a hearing Feb. 6. EVERYBODY . . . YES EVERYBODY SHOPS IN DOWNTOWN AUSTIN STORES OPEN MONDAY EVENING P. M GROWING GIRLS' DRESS FLATS Values io $7.95 Now AND 488 SCHULER'S SHOE CO. MONDAY ONLY THIS COUPON WORTH 50 On Purchase of any Pair of Curtains or Draperies Selling for and up S. S. KRESGE CO. Across from Courthouse — Austin A COUNTER of MEN'S and WOMEN'S COSMETICS PRICE LANE'S PHARMACY HHMM_M HHHB ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^••^^•••••^•^iMBBiBI SLEEVELESS CHEMETTES $3.85 Regular $5.95 Wool knit — Orion knit and Menswear fabrics. Nemitz's . . . Your Reading Headquarters Paperback Books Lots of Children's Books .•••••• Best Sellers in Hard Cover Fiction and Non-Fiction • ••••• NEMITZ'S CIGAR STORE 415 N. Main. HE 3-9964 Open 7 a.m. - 11:30 p.m., 7 Days a Week Large Assortment of Costume Jewelry Special at */Z Off EARL'S JEWELRY Downtown Austin GIRLS 1 DRESS CLEARANCE From Toddlers through Subteens. Reg. $2.98 to $14.98 Values. Now 2 PRICE FANTLE'S ••••MM ALL TIMEX WATCHES 15% OFF MONDAY ONLY AUSTIN DRUG SOI N. $». Paul St. ot Water &. * Pb. HE 3-2105 QPfN Till 10 P. M. 7 DAYS A WEEK SWEATERS REDUCED S4.88 Values to $7.95 Cardigans - Slipovers Wools . Orlons and Blenda BUTTREY'S —••••••••^^^^^^^^^•^^^^^•__ Store Wide Reduction on 1958 Appliances and Televisions Also Close Out On All Small APPLIANCES QUALITY APPLIANCE 207 N. Franklin Open Mon. & Fri. Nights ••••••^••^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ AFTER YOU SHOP THE REST SHOP THE Cnhl FURNITURE QMJLL, STORES FOR THE BEST BARGAINS and BUYS! NOW! JANUARY DURING • CLEARANCE OUR SALE! SEMI-DRESSY BROWN GLOVES Warm - good looking — low priced! Slip, on jersey gloves with red lining. Keep a pair in your car. Reg. 59c NOW "Axe" Johnson Hardware 111 E. Mill "OUR OWN" HE 3-3250 Sub-Miniature 7 Transistor Portable Radios 95 LAST WEEK OF SMITH'S ANNUAL SHOE SALE Mens, Womens and Childrens Shoes Womens shoes as low as $3 a pair. All shoes at further reduction. SMITH SHOES Better for the entire family Complete with Batteries FERRIS RADIO and TV 116 E. Water SPECIAL TABLE LAMPS Storewide Discount Sale fc fc- ^^ M ^^ k -^^ fc- ^^_^^ - ^^_^fc^ - ^^^ - ^i^_^^^_^^fc^. ^^^^^•^^^•^^•^^^^^^•^^^i^^^fc^^^i^^^i^^^p FURNACE FILTERS 16x20x1 16x25x1 20 x 20 x 1 16x20x2 16x25x2 20 x 20 x 2 68 1 1.11 15 Reg. 1.64 COAST-TO-COAST STORE FIVE PIECE PLACE SETTING PLASTIC DISHES Includes: DINNER PLATE CUP SAUCER FRUIT DISH SALAD PLATE • • • Bailable and Stain Resistant Reg. $1.47 SPECIAL . . IT "Shop Wool-worth's First-" WOOLWORTH'S Ceramic Base Fibre Glass Shade 2 95 MORRIS FURNITURE 107 No. Main rtiil action Guaranteed or Motley Rtfuutled Downtown Austin Monday Special Men's and Ladies' SUITS $100 Cleaned and Pressed • MIX CLEANERS DRY CLEANERS - TAILORS . LAUNDERERS 132 W. Maple ph. HE 3-2800 OPEN to 9 P.M. MON. — FREE PICKUP 6- DELIVERY DRIVE WITH SAFETY BRAKE SPECIAL Check Your Brakes Before It's Too Late! USEM CHEVROLET CO. Bridge & Franklin Dial HE 3-8877 98 STOREWIDE CLEARANCE Of Children's Wear Continues NEXT WEEK "A Raymond's Sole Never Disappoints" RAYMOND'S AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC HEATING PAD Guaranteed 1 Year 3-Speeds - 3 Position Switch Washable Flannel Cover SPECIAL $ 3 95 WOLD'S DRUG STORE Main at Bridge Est. 1866

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