OPINION PAGE SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1974 6aitorl«lt writlHi by Jtmts 6r«y Mid CH«rl« Underwood Editorial Aspiring farmers need money, skill and guts The young man who wants to about thines ritv mwie r^>n'» fr,,,^ th,t !„„< _.i j ^ St. Paul Dispatch story tarnishes regents' image Friday (yesterday), the St. Paul Dispatch printed a copyrighted story telling that C. Peter Magrath was not the first presidential choice of the University of Minnesota Regents. Tlie story said that Neil Sherburne, chairman of the Regents' Search Committee, had reluctantly confirmed reports that a majority of the Regents had originally wanted to offer the job to David Saxton, vice-chancellor of the University of California-Los Angeles. Mr. Sherburne said Mr. Magrath was eventually chosen after extensive discussion and debate on a number of issues, one of which was religion. Mr. Saxton is Jewish and Mr. Magrath is Episcopalian. The Dispatch story quoted Mr. Sherburne as telling a group of five Minnesota state senators at a breakfast meeting in St. Paul — after Mr. Magrath's selection — that two Regents said they "wouldn't support a Jew" for president of the university. Our first reaction to the story was one of irritation. Why would a reporter waste time digging into the appointment of a university president? Why create an atmosphere that will only make Mr. Magrath's new job more difficult? Why raise the ugly specter of bigotry when it was likely only a minor consideration by the Regents? On second thought, however, our reaction was quite different. The story does merit circulation and the Regents do deserve some criticism. The incident is a very good example of how closed meetings do not work to the public interest. The level of discussion inevitably deteriorates, when public business is being transacted, if the officials involved believe they are talking secretly. It is hardly possible to imagine that religion would have come up at all in the Regents' deliberations if the meetings had been open. But now the Regents have been tainted by the breath of intolerance. This is bad news. These are the people who make the policy decisions for our great state university. We're embarrassed because of their actions. We should expect something better from them. The young man who wants to go into farming these days needs a generous supply of money, skill and guts. These were conclusions of four young Minnesotans who grew up on farms and now must choose careers. Two of the youths — Greg Hallstrom, 20, of Thief River Falls, and Scott Schloesser, 17, of Le Center — hope to operate farms eventually. Meanwhile, Duane Rathman, 18, of New Ulm, and Bruce Docken, 20, of Ada, have chosen agri-business and agricultural education, respectively — career fields that will keep them close to farming. The four lads visited the University of Minnesota's St. Paul campus recently in connection with a Minnesota Future Farmers of America convention. Rathman and Schloesser received the FFA Agribusiness Award and Regionaj Star Farmer Award, respectively. Hallstrom and Docken are students at the University of Minnesota Technical College, Crookston. With prices of land and machinery skyrocketing, money presents the biggest hurdle for aspiring farmers. Docken gave the situation some had thought. "The farm was born in me. I'd like to farm," he said. Unfortunately, his family spread is only 300 acres - about half the land necessary for a viable farm in "big agriculture country," the Red River Valley. Doubling the size of the family spread would require a hefty investment, especially in these days of good grain prices. Neighboring farmers, wanting to expand acreage ana production, are bidding up the price of land. Consequently, he has given up the idea of a farming career. Making those initial investments takes guts. "You take more chances than most people," Docken noted. Hallstrom added that when you finally get your crop planted, you have to worry about things city people don't give much thought — like "being hailed out" and other vagaries of the weather. He described how a Red River Valley farmer has to learn now to "spread the risk." An agronomy major at Crookston, Hallstrom already is thinking about how he will diversify by planting corn, wheat and sunflowers. If something should happen to one crop, he would have others to fall back on. Hallstrom has considered putting together a farm of his own — piece by piece. One strategy might involve renting at the start, while working part- time off the farm. As a person builds up capital, he can expand his operation and buy a few acres. A recent high school graduate, Schloesser almost purchased his own spread. He found that land prices around LeSueur County can reach as high as $1,000 an acre. "You can't be afraid to borrow," he said. Schloesser is postponing his entry into farming to major in animal science at the University of Minnesota, St Paul. He said he has enough knowledge of farming to start out on his own right now, because of his "outstanding father. I learned a Jot from him." But in the future, an aspiring farmer will need a college agricultural education. '•You will need to know a lot more." Rathman has dreams of starting a farm service center and is heading for Moorehead State College to take a step in the direction. A lad who "enjoys meeting and working with people," he said farmers "need a lot of help. I would like to be one of those who would help." In Rathman's view, some of the things city people underestimate about farming are the skills, knowledge and labor required. He recalled a class discussion he participated in once. The central question was something like, "If we were to colonize the moon, whom should we send first?" The answer the students settled on was "farmers," because they know how to "start from scratch" with land and animals. Despite the difficulties, all four young men want to stay close to farming. They mentioned the advantages of being out doors and "being your own boss.' In addition, Schloesser hopes to find in his future career opportunities for "being close to God" and "dealing with his resources." • Docken said about fanning, "You get to understand life better," through being close to plants, animals, the soil and the weather. He added, "It's inspiring to see your crop grow. It gives you a feeling of accomplishment." Newspaper advertising study report is issued What others say TULSA TRIBUNE SAVING THE TREES Until recently, the practice of developers was to stake out a free-studded tract of land and turn loose the buldozer to make sure the maximum number of lots could be carved out of the woods. Lately, a few discerning developers have decided that trees might have some aesthetic, if not financial, value in their housing additions. But now, A U.S. Forest Service study shows that trees do more than provide shade and decoration. The-study showed that shade trees can increase the value of residential property by as much as 20 percent. It is too late for thousands of trees leveled in the development of many housing developments. But for the land that is still to be exploited for housing, there is hope for the trees, and for a community to grow larger without growing ugly. Retaining investment grade common stocks being urged By JOHN CU.NNffT AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) - It's all in how you look at it. A portfolio manager and stock market adviser, John Wright of Bridgeport, Conn., has compiled a list of 1,550 leading American publicly owned common stocks that are available at 30 per cent of their market values of five years ago. Does this mean there are bargains in stocks? It depends upon your assessment of the future. If you believe the capitalist system is irrevocably disintegrating before your eyes, says Wright, there would really be nothing left in which to invest. Migration from farms slows sharply WASHINGTON (AP) - An annual review of farm population shows the migration to urban living has slowed sharply in recent years, says the Agriculture Department. Using April 1973 as a "center" for computing a 12-month average, the department's Economic Research Service said Friday there were 9,472,000 persons on the nation's farms during that time, compared with 9,610,000 a year earlier. "The decline of 138,000 in farm population since April 1972 was not statistically significant, but it does repre,en^ an apparent continuation of the longtime downward trend," the report said. Officials said that since 1970, the farm population has remained relatively stable, losing r , e Alvocli . M „,„, an average of eight-tenths of one per cent a year, compared with a 4.8 per cent annual drop during the decade of the 1960s. But if you interpret the low, low prices as a symptom of "an emerging new era of international regulation of money and credit," a period of stability, that is, then you might decide the risks are worth the rewards. "In which case," says Wright, "There is no time like the present to buy, not sell, the common stocks of blue-chip industrial corporations." How does Wright personally view the situation? Although he feels a major financial crisis of European origin might possibly severely affect American security markets within the next few weeks, he advises investors to retain investment grade common stocks. Consumers also have learned that the point of view you take might determine your mood, and vice versa. Some consumers might exult in learning that the dollar amount of disposable income has been growing this year. In fact, from the first quarter of 1973 through June of this year it has risen at an annual rate of 9 per cent. But now you have to relate that increase to something else — to prices. Prices also have been rising, of course, and at a er when you realize that the measuring stick used, the dollar, doesn't have a constant value. It is true that Americans are earning more dollars, but those dollars are worth less than 1973 dollars. Homeowners also have learned to view their personal financial position from two perspectives. By one measure, the rising market prices of homes, those who already own homes have a solid investment, or at least a hedge against inflation. The house they bought in 1970 for 430,000 might be worth $40,000 on the market today. On paper it all looks nice, but how do you turn the paper into profit if there isn't a market. In many communities houses are advertised at steadily higher prices — without any homes being sold in months. The unavailability of mortgage money has so dampened the housing market that a good many of those so-called market prices aren't anything of the sort. If there's no market there's no accurate market price. FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr. James Gray. News Ed Glenn E. Oison, Advertising Mgr. "™4^^^ SUBSCRIPTION R« T ES 3el.v«« Bi. earner. l?M«r mo 8» mail ,n javjixt V.rr-no; , .,, .,,& , .-.OSS-300 3m« W5CO!r«-v»t« l,r.J»OG.!m« SIS ttH'« it CO VEVBEROF THE ASSOOi TED P8ESS Dear Minnie:There I was, one night last week, just sitting in a comfy chair thinking little thoughts about the world in general. The lawns never have looked so green for this time of the year, I mused, yet there's a hint of fall in the air... I wonder what size dress Betty Ford wear. . . and what has happened to all those great American values — you certainly can't find them today in the supermarket. Why food has gotten so high you can hardly stomach it. Crash-bang! All of a sudden my peaceful reverie was shattered by a terrible commotion. Had a bulldozer run into the side of the house? Impossible. Had lightning struck the roof? Nary a cloud in the sky. An earthquake? The floor certainly shook a bit. What had happened was that Ed opened the door of the back closet too fast. Gracious, it was just like an avalanche. The suction caused one tiny plastic box to get dislodged and everything'else tumbled out in a continuous stream. Ed sputtered for a few- minutes (10 expletives deleted). But then he realized it wasn't exactly the end of the world and managed a sickly grin. "You know something," he said, "this reminds me of- fibber McGee's closet. Do you remember Fibber McGee and Molly?" "Do I remember McGee and Molly? That's like asking 'Do I remember Pearl Harbor?' Of course I remember them. Their shovv was my favorite on the radio for a long time. Yours too. Fibber would open that closet door and it sounded like the Walls of Jericho were coming down." Well, that got us going. , . .. - . "Gosh, remember how we faster clip than dollar income, couldn't go anyplace Sunday That 9 per cent increase now evening because Jack Bennv becomes a 1.5 per cent decline, was on the air," I reminisced The situation becomes clear- -- _ . Navy's fleet deteriorated SEATTLE, Wash. (AP) Adm. Hyman G. Rickover says the American Navy fleet has deteriorated to its worst condition in a half-century. Rickover, who led the fight for development of nuclear submarines, blamed the fleet's condition on the failure to train enough technical officers to keep ships running smoothly. The Navy should be restructured to give men with sound technical educations more control and engineers should be given near equal status with line officers aboard ships, Rickover told the National Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI. TLLEPMOME AO.ert. ing !J. !Sll Personal 8. Soc.ai . Want KU.Sobur.cKy.s ; c cc,-nt s 754 Mil •-,_.. r-... \w,v 73t >601 - "And missing Ma Perkins for two days was worse then my paper carrier forgetting me." Then we rendered a couple verses of Little Orphan Annie's theme song (sing along with the bouncing ball) •'. . .Always wears a sunny smile, now wouldn't it be worth the while, if you could be like Little Orphan Annie." Arf, says Sandy. Goodness, I hope nobody heard the two of us warbling like that. They'd say more than Arf! (I'll confess something. I never did like Ovaltine) "How about those old "Little Audrey" jokes?" Ed asked. "Let's see if I can recall one. Oh yes. Little Audrey was so happy when she got a beautiful new cotton sweater for her 16th birthday. She laughed and laughed because she knew that when she wore it no one could pull the wool over her eyes." Ho, ho. What a gasser. "Don't forget the "Konock Knock" jokes," I reminded him. "And the Confucius stories, too." Not to be outdone, Ed remembered the "Moron" stories (first cousins to the Norwegian-Polack stories today). And he said, "No one recites limericks any more. I haven't heard a good one in ages. The last one that i remember goes like this•There once was a lady from Wheeling, who had a peculiar feeling . . .' With that his voice kind of trailed off and he didn't finish it, but he had a smirk on his face so I suppose it was dirty. Oh well, I can live without knowing what happened to the lady from Wheeling. It was my turn and I recalled ho\v much fun kids used to have calling up the grocery store "Hello. Have you got Prince Albert in the can? Better let him out." Really hilarious eh what? Anyway, we went on reminiscing for the entire evening. U was fun, I thought I didn't realize how late it was until a yawn reminded me that it was almost night-night time. Right then Ed came up with the prize comment. "Sadie," he said, "I'm sure glad I married you rather than a younger woman." "Why do you say that, you Norwegian Don Juan?" "Because I don't know what we'd talk about." Honestly, that threw me for a small loss. Who would ever think that chit-chat about days of yore would give me an edge over a more youthful creature. Well, Minnie, you understand I'm not knocking it. I'm not fussy. I'll take any advantage that comes along. But I'd better not continue to take advantage of you, Minnie. I'll close now before you get tired of reading. As Ever, Sadie By DEIRDRE DONNELLY AP Business Writer NEW YORK (AP) - Newspapers increased their already- dominant share of the nation's total advertising dollars in 1973, and the energy crisis changed some newspaper advertising patterns, two studies show. A breakdown of money spent last year on advertising compiled by McCann-Erickson, a New York advertising agency, said newspapers obtained $7.G billion, or 30.2 per cent of the nation's total advertising revenues of $25.1 billion. Television received $4.5 billion in ad revenues, radio took $1.7 billion and $1.4 billion went to magazines, a report by McCann-Erickson Inc. said. Newspapers also took the larger part of advertising dollar growth, gaining $587 million. That compared with a increase of $402 million by television, $78 million for radio and $8 million more for magazines, according to the ad agency's report. Yet newspaper advertisers last year changed substantially, a report on the newspaper industry by Delafield-Childs Inc., a Maryland based stock brokerage firm says. Newspaper advertising revenues were boosted last year by more ads from transportation and oil companies plus hikes in ad rates. These helped offset sharp declines in resort and travel advertising and in classified help wanted ads, the Delafield-Childs report said. "Newspapers benefitted from the rise of explanatory advertising in 1973. For instance the oil companies which usually do not advertise in newspapers spent a lot of money explaining their side of the gasoline-' shortage last winter," said John Morton, one of the authors of the Delafield- Childs report. "Schedules for planes, trains and other transportation were published more regularly in newspapers and newspaper ad rates rose sharply, in the order of 8-10 per cent on average," Morton said. Both Delafield-Childs and McCann-Erickson noted a general trend in marketing toward local advertising which benefit- ted newspapers. "Most of the major advertising agencies will use television for image ads for their clients and newspapers for the nitty- Business News Rolandsons to open Post office space hearing aid center sought at Ottertail Edward and Shirley Rolandson have announced they will open the Rolandson Hearing Aid Center at 120 E. Junius on Sept. 3. Both Mr. and Mrs. Rolandson spent the last month in training session and they are authorized Dahlberg dealers. They have been residents of Fergus Falls the past 12 years. Rolandson was a member of the Fergus Falls Police Department for nine years. Ttieodorson named a State Farm manager Robert Theodorson, son of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Theodorson, Erhard, has been named State Farm's Northwest fire and casualty manager at Salem, Ore. A native of Fergus Falls, he graduated from Perham High School in 1954 and from the University of Minnesota in 1960. He joined State Farm that same year as an underwriter in the North Central regional office. In 1971 he became assistant fire and casualty manager and he transferred to the Northwest office in 1973. He and his wife Phyllis have two sons and two daughters. The Postal Service is seeking space for postal services at Ottertail. Bids will be received at the office of Robert Vogel, Acting Manager, Area Real Estate and Buildings Office, USPS, P.O. Box 69069, St. Paul, not later than Sept. 27. Desired is 805 square feet of space, 80 square feet of platform and 4,000 square feet for driveway, parking and maneuvering. Annual rental for a lease term of 10 years with renewal options must be specified. Existing space, space to be modified or con- constructed will be considered. Nordstrom, tunning cited for sales Dean H. Nordstrom of Battle Lake and Michael B. Lunning of Dalton who maintain an office in Fergus Falls have qualified as members of the 1974 Star Club, of New York Life Insurance Company. The Star Club is composed of New York Life agents who achieved significant sales records in 1973-74, according to General Manager Robert Sershen of the company's Fargo general office. They'll Do It Every Time V/INESAP PR EACH£6 TO JUNIOR NEVER PUNT ANY KiNP Of A SUN." IT'S A BAP PRACTICE' gritty," Morton said. The McCann-Erickson report said newspaper ad revenues, share of total advertising has grown at the rate of one tenth of one per cent for the past three years to 30.2 per cent of total in 1973 from 29.9 per cent in 1971. Most of this advertising was snatched away from magazines, whose share of total dollars has shrunk sharply to 5.8 per cent last year from 6.6 per cent in 1971, the report says. Radio's share of total ad dollars has also declined to 6.7 per cent from 7 per cent in 1971, some of which has gone to newspapers on a local level. •AAerry-Go-Roundi Sen. Eastland views 'pot' law WASHINGTON - James East'and of Sunflower County, Miss., one of the Senate's crustiest conservaties, is walking proof that an old dog can learn new tricks. The veteran Judiciary Committee chairman is working quietly to relax marijuana laws to young students and workers and other "pot" smokers will not be jailed for simple possession of the drug. Eastland, whose closest contact with drugs is a good cigar and a tot of whiskey, has become convinced that jailing those caught with a few "joints" is not the way to stop marijuana traffic. The contumacious senator underwent his metamorphosis after his old friend, ex-Marine Commandant Lewis Walt, conducted a world survey on drugs for Easlland's Senate Internal Security subcommittee. After talking earnestly with Walt and listening to dozens of witnesses at various hearings, the senator came to the conclusion that "pot" may cause genetic, brain, lung and other damage. He also decided that traffickers still deserve stiff penalties and that even possession should not be completely "decriminalized." But the possibility of a year in jail and a $5,000 fine for a youth caught by federal agents with a single marijuana cigarette is excessive in E^iUand's vies. As a result, his Internal Security staff is conferring regularly with the Drug Enforcement Agency on possible legislation. Shortly after Labor Day, Senate staffers will meet with DEA's legal office to hammer out a formal draft. Eastland has not made up his mind entirely, but he is toying with the idea of setting a fine fora first "possession" offense, and explicitly banning jail. A second offense would bring a stiffer fine. Since state laws tend to follow federal statutes, and since Eastland's judiciary committee writes federal laws, it may be that a Eastland's judiciary committee writes federal laws, it may be that a whole generation of marijuana dabblers will praise Jim Eastland's name. Footnote: On Eastland's Mississippi plantation, state narcotics agents found a marijuana patch near the Sunflower River. The senator cooperated in a stake-out, but the "pot" planters, who had been harvesting by boat apparently learned of the surveillance and abandoned the crop. Natural Gas: In letters to many newspapers, the American Petroleum Institute (API), whose members own much of the nation's natural gas, cites numerous figures to tryp to disprove our disclosures that Big Oil is driving up natural gas prices with faked figures. It is worth noting that we sent our own figures to the API statisticians before we wrote our story. The API did not quibble with them then, and does not now in its letter. In fact, the API ignores the crucial figures. To repeat them: Big Oil reported exploratory natural gas strikes from 7.9 to 9.4 per cent of the time off Louisiana until 1972 when they began to By Jack Anderson connive for price increases. Then, mysteriously, the strikes dropped to 2.4 per cent in 1972 and to a mere one per cent in 1973. This allowed the oil companies to demand more consumer money, supposedly so they could carry out -more exploration. It is small wonder that Federal Power Commission experts told us they had "never seen such a gross aberration" and the Senate Commerce Committee e staff suggests the oil companies are "simply lying" in order to get more money. A few other figures are glaringly omitted from the API letter: Some of its members with natural gas holdings report profit increases in excess of 100 per cent since the energy crisis began. Such profits are possible because gasoline and natural gas prices are up from 60 to 100 per cent and likely to climb still higher. Critical Punishment: The federal judges in Baltimore who stepped aside in the Agnew case to avoid any possible charges of cronyism have nevertheless tried to punish one fir A on Pit/ 1 *: n-ificf imnil .n*.:*;^^. of Agnew's most vocal critics. The target of their unsuccessful action was John Banzhaf III, a prominent consumer advocate and law professor in Washington. The Baltimore judges were incensed because Banzhaf had announced in a press release that he had filed suit to block then-Vice President Agnew from subpoenaing reporters and to force appointment of a special Agnew procescutor. One of the ringleaders in the unusual effort to punish Banzhaf was Federal Judge C. Stanley-Blair, an Agnew pal and aide who was given a lifetime judgeship by President Nixon at Agnew's bidding. The other was Judge Herbert Murray, personally cleared for his job in 1971 after a 30-minute interview with Agnew. Claiming Banzhaf was in "apparent violation of the Code of Professional Responsibility," the Baltimore judges urged legal disciplinary authorities in Washington to investigate Banzhaf. After much waffling the Washington disciplinary unit threw the judges' request out. Book Picks: "The Palace Guard" by CBS newsmen Dan Rather and Gary Paul Gates expertly catches the piranha quality of the Nixon White House. There, H.R. Haldeman manipulates Spiro Agnew, John Ehrlichman sneers at honorable men like Bob Finch as "the Pasadena Hamlet" and Pat Moynihan as "our Oscar Wilde," and a Secret Service man loathingly confides that "We say . . •. come the revolution, be sure and save two bullets: one for Haldeman and one for Ehrlichman." "The Politician Primeval," by Hubert Humphrey's doctor and advisor, Dr. Edgar Berman, is so outrageously candid about the press and politicians that the book took ihree months to clear the libel lawyers. Still, Berman omits one of his most ribald true tales: the names of the famed reporters who, on the way home from an Asian tour with Humphrey, had to be shot with massive doses of penicillin because they purs-ed Asian pleasures more zealously than they did news stories.
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