FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN! FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Doily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting whof it believei to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Lirjwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Weapons and Race Wire service reports thai permits for pistols are "selling like holeakcs" .'n Americus. Ga. arc ominous. The fear that annccl violence might spread throughout the Deep South grows with every month. The pistol permits are reported to ha\e been issvied to whites in Americus. But the nonviolence that has so far marked most Negro demonstrations grows increusiiigly less dependable. A departure from the iv.ni-violem.-e principle was marked by the formation last summer ol the Deacon for Defense and justice, an organization of armed Negro vigilantes wh i cb now claims to have more than 50 chapters in Alabama. Lousiana. and Mississippi. The shooting of a while youth in Americus July 20 so far has not been connected with any organized activity bv Negroes however. The Deacons say they will use their arms (.nly for defense against attack. A voung white man was shot and seriouslv wounded in Bogalusa. La. on July 8 by one of two Negocs whom he had pummeled with his fists as they leaned from a car that was bringing up a rear of a civil rights inarch A link with the Deacons was alleged. Growth of the Deacons from a single local group that organized in ]onesboro, La. last summer to a regional order ol considerable size has caused concern that open warfare might erupt between the Deacons and rabid white racists. The Klu Klux Klan makes no secret of being armed. Charles Sims, head of the Bogalusa Deacons, says his organization was started because Negroes weren't getting police protection. "We organized for defense," Sims insists. During the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) convention in July it was disclosed that the civil rights group had been cooperating with the Deacons in Bogalusa and would cooperate with them elsewhere. A Deacons official, addressing the CORE convention, asserted that civil rights workers needed the vigilante group "to let the Klan know that the Negro as a whole is not non-violent." On the ..-losing day of the convention, July 5, bow-ever, CORE voted 120 to 4 against considering action that might put the organization on record as encouraging growth of armed defense groups like the Deacons. CORE in an even more startling move extended a gesture of cooperation toward the Black Muslims. For the first time in its 21- year history CORE allowed Muslim speakers- four of tliem—to expound anti-white, anti- mtegrationist views at the convention. The gesture was linked with the organization's current effort to develop new units of political action among poor and disaffected Negroes in the urban North. "In mobilizing the ghetto to a political force," Floyd MHKissick, CORE national chairman, told the convention, "we will have to understand and work with all elements of the ghetto and that includes the Black Muslims," who could "reach parts -of ... (the ghetto) that we could never reach alone." The unrulv outbreaks in the streets of Northern cities last summer were in no sense demonstrations for Negro rights. Leaders of the rights movement sought to quell the street violence. But Negro frustrations unquestionably imperil non-violent ta.-tics North or South. The Rev. A. T. Days, who heads the civil rights movement in Greensboro, Ala., the scene of much turbulence, probably speaks the Negro mind when he says: "The nonviolent appeal is being played out and they are not going to keep taking it." Keeping Tabs on Junk in Space There's one organization that not only has its ups -mcl downs; but it's in business because of them. This is SPADATS-the Space Detection and Tracking System of North American Air Command. Now going into its fifth year, SPADATS is a global network of U.S Air Force, Army, Naw and Royal Canadian Air Force radar, radio and optical devices that keep track of what's going on in space. A number of civilian agencies also contribute data. SPADATS went into operation in July of ]961. At that time there were 117 objects in its computerized catalogue The total count four years later was 1,415 objects, 598 of them being added in the past 12 months alone. But only 613 objects are actually still in space. The others have fallen out of orbit and been burned up in the atmosphere or have been recovered. Those still up there include 134 U.S. payloads, 23 Soviet, two British and one each belonging to Canada and Italy. The majority of the objects are space junk—empty launching rockets and other debris. They add up to more than 350,000 separate space-object sightings every month. The glove left behind by Gemini-4 astronaut Edward H. White, however, is not included in the SPADATS catalogue Servicemen, Beware Things never get so bad that somebody doesn't spot a way to make a profit out of it. A handful of mail-order insurance companies are flooding recently inducted servicemen with applications for policies, reports William R. Morris, superintendent of insurance for the state of Ohio. Their premiums are high and there is great doubt that these companies have sufficient reserves to cover a rash of claims. The business has increased in pace with the growing war in Viet Nam, and has been spurred by the announcement by some life insurance firms that they are writing "war clauses" into servicemen's policies, exempting them from paying a claim if the policy holder is killed in military action One Navy recruit says he received 10 application forms in tliree weeks from the same company. Another company even phonies up its policies to resemble CI forms. If a chronic worrier kept a diary, he'd soon learn how seldom the things he worries about happen. Mao Tse-Tung: A Man of Caution right IMS, King > Syndicate. Inc.i By John Chamberlain Back iu 1954 Senator Knowland read a memorandum in the Congressional Record made by China's Mao Tsn-Tung for use by his emissary, Chou-Lai. on a trip to Moscow. Forgotten for some ten years, the memorandum is now having renewed circulation in Washington, It is being quoted as evidence that Mao Tse-Tung has his own version of Hitler's "Mein Kampf" or Lenin's various blueprints for world revolution/ an inexorable outline for action that must be followed through at all costs of ultimate success. What impresses me about the Mao memorandum, however, is not its belligerence. The truly interesting thing is the extreme caution that is interspersed thoughout its most fiery passages. Oh,, the "Mein Kampf element is there, all right. Mao was absolutely certain ten years ago that Western capitalism was riding for a fall. He predicted, with accuracy, that the French, would be made "to back out of Indo- China, preferably through the face-saving means of an armistice." But the action of the United States in committing itself to the integrity of South Viet Nam threw all of Mao Tse-Tung's other predictions out of whack. Mao thought Indonesia would be totally oommunized and that the British would be forced out of the Malay Peninsula by 1960. He thought Burma and Thailand would also be in "the hands of the people" — i.e.. the Communists — by that same; year. Mao's crowning insolence was to say that Red China would be so strong by 1960 that "the ruling clique o! Japan will capitulate and a peaceful revolution will take place." By 1965 India, the Arab countries and the Philippines would, so Mao conjectured, be in the Communist orbit. The fact that -Mao Tse-Tung has been proved so wrong in his timing is interesting, but hardly important. Like Hitler and Lenin, he has always been willing to revise a schedule. Mao still thinks that, "with Asia and Africa disconnected from the capitalist countries ot Europe, there will be a tc;tal collapse in western Europe." The isolation of the United States wuuld follow. Taken at its face value, Mao's document indicates that no amount of persuasion will cause him to give up his conviction that he is on the winning side. But the memorandum never once envisages a Pearl Harbor approach to dealing with the United States, Speaking ot Korea, Mao said, "In March, 1951, 1 suggested to Comrade Stalin that use should be made of the Soviet submarines in Asia under some arrangement whereby the Soviet Union would not appear to be involved in the war. Comrade Stalin preferred to be cautious, lest the capitalist imperialists be given a pretext for expanding the war to the continent." And then comes what might be called the typical Mao Tse-Tung stop-loss order- "Until we are better equipped for victory, it is to our advantage to accept agreeable terms for an armistice." At other places in the memorandum there are other cautious "stop-loss" expressions. Speaking of the "larger stockpile of atomic weapons on the part of the capitalist countries .and the immaturity of China's agricultural development," Mao said: "Consequently, until we are certain of victory .we have to take a course which will ont lead to war." If all this is a "blueprint of aggression," it is one in which the element of gambling is totally absent. What Mao was saying ten years ago was that he would not commit Red China to offensive war until he was absolutely certain of winning. Lvnclon Johnson's problem, then, is to convey to Mao Tse-Tung that Red China is still by no means "equipped for victory" and that the United States proposes to stay in in South \ 7 iet Nam even as it has stayed in South Korea. Since this is the problem, everything said by our Arnold Toynbees and Hans Morgenthaus to the effect that we are on the losing side in Southeast Asia is simply helping to prolong the war. Mao is being misled by our peace- mongers into thinking he is "equipped for victory" in South Viet Nam because a divided United States lacks the fortitude to stay the course. 'Consensus"—It's "c^rture! The National Whirligig <R*IMM<I to McCtur* Newspaper Synritcit*) By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Now t h at the new Social Security law, complete with medicare, is a reality, opponents of the legislation characteristically are trying to scare the daylights out of the citizenry. It will cost too much, they sneer, and plunge us all into bankruptc y and or debtors' prison. These calamity howlers are talking .through their hats, as usual. To be sure, the Socia 1 Security tax will go up for everybody because the new benefits have to be paid for, but the new system remains a bargain. As much as $103 will be added to the annual tax on man y, and eventually this inc r e a s e will come to nearly $200. But for this, the citizn will pet a 7 per cent increase in pension benefits, plus hospitalization insurance that will pay for both hospital and nursing home care. Additionally, there is a supplemental plan costing $3 a month which covers doctors' bills after a $50 annual deduction, a * a SPENDING MONEY—The pension plan alone is almost worth the tariff. A citizen who has tirement benefit of $40 a month pital diagnostic services, and up to 100 home health visits after hospitalization. * a a WONT HURT BLUE CROSS— Nor am I moved by predictions from such as the myopic American Medical Association that the legislation will put hospital insurance plans out of business. There will always be those who want more protection than the government offers, and the new law will make it finacially more attractive for them to buy i t. Most persons over 65 undoubtedly will drop their volunt a r y insurance plans because they're assured of medicare benef i t s, and thus private insurers will be freed of the burden of the high cost of providing health benefits to the aged. Presumably, they then will be able to offer reduced premiums and perhaps expanded benefits to younger citizens. In Michigan alone, for example, Blue Cross people say medicare will save them $16 million a year in such payments to old folks. A -tr •& 20 YEARS IN MAKING—Critics are also complaining that, medicare was steamrollered through Congress dent Johnson. Johnson got the by Presi- Aclmittedly, job done, >ON FLETCHER, SIOUX CITY JOURNAL Today in World Affair By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Moral force can transcend military force in shaping the destiny of the world —if all available resources are used to transmit to peoples everywhere the realistic truths about the events that usua 1 11 y lead up to wars. President Johnson today has 1962 Cuban missile crisi venerable and more q.t_x commentators also have to sound as if communi: quietly buried itself. Not ago, the Manchester pronounced: 'The Russi the Americans no long any resson to quarrel, there is a widespread s< an opportunity in the court of ?hop logic that maintain world opinion to advance the American case in Vietnam by showing the true origin of the war and placing the responsibility where it belongs— on the shoulders of the communists. "Time" magazine in its current issue has an editorial essay entitled "Communism Today—A Refresher Course." It contains the facts about the growth of communism and the menace of its present-day operations throughout the world. The United States government taneously: 1) Russia longer be seriously regaiz a threat to the west, an< its firtr stand in Southea the U S. is inviting Rus taliation "Both premises are de at best: together, they an argument but plea sivity The danger of sue ful thinking, as the state ment'c Walt Rostow has -^s. is that 'out of a false se the cold war is comin end, out of boredom or i been getting the minimum re-! but it cannot truthfully be de- will get $44 from September on. posed that Congress was rushed into its decision. Harry Truman first recommended a form o i medicare move than 20 y e a rs ago, and it was on President, Kennedy's priority list when he was shot down in Dallas. It has been debated over a longer period of time than any piece of modern legislation except civil rights. —only nese 15 per cent were C h i- If he's been getting the top benefit, $127, he'll get $135.90. Eventually, the monthly check will climb as high as $168 for individuals, while the limit for a family, now $254, will be increased to $368. Thus, between pensions and medicare, the retired American will draw much more from the Social Security fund than he contributes. Under med"One of the most effective in-' lcar f- hell get 90 days of hos- struments of communist subver-! Pitalizatlon for each illness, 100 ? of """ing home car e after hospital stay, outpatient hos- sion remains the front organization. In McCarthy's heyday communist terminology was toss e d about f oo carelessly, and in many quarters today words and realities such as 'infiltration' no longer seem entirely credible. Yet the leading fronts still refl e c t the reality and breadth of the communist subversive eff o r t . They r^nge from pacifist groups But all this is main point, which beside the is that the law reflects the conscience of a civilized country. It tells the old folks that from here in they can afford to be sick. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Businss News Analyst NEW YORK (API — The such as the World Peace"coun- i P rice of gold has risen sharply cil—Headquartered in Prague — l in European markets at a time and the International Institute i when the United States would be of Peace—Vienna—to var i o u s especially happy if it would go has even more facts at its dls- ^^"^ * ati< jectives, we will open opportunities for the to advance.' " posal, but the magazine article certainly furnishes the basis for an information effort of far- reaching significance that could well be undertaken by the American government. The "Time" essay says in part: "Underground and in open, combat, by subversion, terrorism, blackmail, riot and rhetoric, faithful communists the world over have for dec a d e s waged a holy war against the rest of humanity. The tempo and techniques vary from era to era, from continent to continent. And the nature of communism Changes. Whereas Moscow now shuns the perilous confrontations that so often brought the cold war to boiling point, Peking grows ever more militant. The magazine article to say that, while there- been some changes in nist philosophy, "contr- the world-wide comm. movement is still vestecX- cial departments of the and Chinese central mittees," and then adds "Of the world's 105 nist Parties, Moscow on 72, as against 21 for- Twelve other Communi ties—mostly In Western —are vaguely Independ* 1964, foreign aid by countries amounted youth and professional outfits such as the International Union of al down instead. dllng charge when gold is sold. The Treasury has been losing gold at an increased rate this year. Any jump in its price overseas makes it just that more tempting for other nations to turn in their surplus dollars __ _ A Junip of 1" 8 cents an ounce | for gold from the us res erves students and the Intel-nation-1 on the London Bullion Exchange j But the current rush of Euro.._ Association of Democratic I Thursday brought the price to lawyers—Prague and Brussels.' $35.19' s an ounce, highest since "Most of these organizations i November 1961. many launched by non-com- 1 Tne official price at the U.S. Treasury is S35, with a little munis* s with the best intentions and then taken over—are dominated by Soviet-line communism, although the Chinese are fight- over 8 cents added as a han- Johnson men who walked into ing hard to capture them and ', the White House totally green are setting up rival fronts of ! in the days after the assassina- their own. Despite such duelling j tion. between the two red giants, and; Today Bill D. Moyers, White to some extent in reply to it, House press secretary and still communist subversion proceeds a key policy maker, is looked apace, highly successful in some''upon —- despite his youth —as quarters, disastrously failing in , a seasoned p c r f o r m e r of others, but always at work " The essay also declares that since 1960 Castro has trained consummate skill. But he had the benefit of some very knowledgeable associates from Nov. For both capitals of world lion, of which Soviet communism, the focal points of j counted for half, Easte of conflict have shifted from | P ean funds for a Quar Europe to Africa, Latin Arneri- ".530 from the precede ca and —most notably —Southeast Asia, where the John son administration last week sol- emly committed the U. S. to what could be a prolonged and painful war. "Thus the Marxist dream of world domination is palpably no McCarthyist mirage. From Indonesia, where government-sanctioned mobs howled for the ouster of a newly arrived U. S. ambassador, to Cuba, where Fidel Castro proclaimed that 'the imperialists' will not prevent Red regimes from taking over throughout the hemisphere, it was also becoming clear last week that the U. S. would have to stand. Increasingly alone agains! the free world's e n e- mies. . . "Since the U. S.-Soviet 'de- on a v e xinmu- over \ guerrillas from most Latin-; 22, 1963 on. 1 i Am erican countries, and that; The President propaganda and arms "are readily available to potent, i a 1 revolutionaries throughout Latin ! succeeded. America." pean speculators to buy gold— particularly to turn in their pound sterling holdings for the metal—seems unlikely to get out of hand as it threatened to do in the fall of 1960. Then the price rose temporarily to $40 an ounce and the big target was the U.S. dollar. The 1960 speculative raid on gold reserves led to a five-year drive by the United States to cut the deficit in its monetary transactions with the rest of the world, and thus re-establish firmly the reputation and value of the Yankee dollar. In the second quarter of this year the latest efforts in this drive have given the United States a surplus in its balance of fought fr o m the outset to prevent the mass j payments—for the first time exodus of Kennedy men. H e j since 1957. The successful move knew his need for them, He and he wanted also If such views were translated j to avoid a "y appearance that into different languages and 1 clusters of Kennedy aides were publicized by the United States! deserting his ship. government itself in every country in the world, this could develop into a most effective crusade in which world opinion would be mobilized to prevent further wars and to bring a lasting peace. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) On both sides, the motivations was to get U.S. corporations to cut back on overseas investments and American banks to curb loans to foreign governments and individuals. Even so the drain of gold has On both sides, the motiva-! continued, with France especial- The Was ington Scene By BRUCE BIOSS- WASHINGTON (NEA. or five more changes 5 dent Johnson's Whit staff are likely to occu. end of the year. They however, signify any from Johnson." What is at work is tri« attrition which affects jor executive staff years, and would place in some degree the late President Ken lived. Lawrence O'Brien, ir White House congressi« Four IPresi- House "fc>y the not, Cunning mormal of the "we're now" which tions were clearly mixed. What counts, however, is the fact that an effective blend was achieved and a solid White House establishment kept in being at all times. Partly by accident and partly by design, the Kennedy departures have been staggered over many months. At no time have they had shocking impact. Nor are the impending new switches likely to have this effect. History may well set the Kenso often accom-1 necly-to-Johnson transition down In charge here panics key executive change - overs. The President told the . K e n- nedy men, "I have no staff," ...... t ., , , son, will probably cL tente' that developed after thei soon as congress quit to le Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLcod Ave.. Ironwood. Michigan. Established Nov. 20. 1919. (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23, 194fi.) Second class postage wood, Michigan. paid al Iron- MEM Btn Or TIIK ASSOCIATED I'ltliSS The AsiociHtcd Prets is entitled exclusively to t)ip us.e for republication of all the local news printed in thU newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association. Inland Daily Press Association Buieau of Advertising Michigan Pruas Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within t, radius of 60 miles—per year, $12.00; six months, $7 00; three months, S4.00; one month SI.50. No mail subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service is maintained. Elsewhere— per year, $2100; ^i> months, Sll.OO; three months. S5./5; one month, S2.00 AM mail blib^cni'tioii,-. pajnble in advance. By carrier. $20.80 per year in advance, by th« week, 40 centt. year. His plans been widely advert:^ course, . since late 1964 _ Names of other pro 'departees" are know reporter. One of two been hinted at briefly accounts. But to comi hard on them at this could alter the timing- factors involved in As the President m ward the end of his year in the White Ho remarkable thing, an y not how many have left It is how smooth and have been the blend of men and Johnson Most of the Kennedy- Johnson's staff today little astonished at the- transaction worked the President took ov j brought his originally j corps of aides, there ^ and in a very literal sense he meant it. His helpers then were few and were without White y ma- j House experience. His frequent- t h e ly stated dependence on the taken! holdovers was real. Whatever their private thoughts the original Johnson crew was a model of deference in virtually all dealings with the Kennedy men. Sometimes, when a telephone call would do, they went out of their way to traipse down the hall for a respectful face- to-face meeting. In their turn, most of the as one of the most amazing executive change-overs ever a c - complished. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 78, low 65 . . . . Operations are expected to be resumed at the Anvil-P alms mine Monday following a temporary shutdown causd by trouble with the hoist at the Eureka shaft at Ramsay, through which the mine is operated Dennis Aspinwall has b e e n | debatable. ly turning in its surplus dollars for the metal. The gold speculative fever that seems to have been revived by Britain's troubles with its own balance of payments is linked to rumors that London may have to devalue the pound again. Any such intention has been firmly denied. But the rush to buy gold and bid up its price might have the side effect of leading other nations to turn in more surplus dollars—built up by years of U.S. payments deficits—for U.S. Treasury gold. Britain's troubles in defending the pound sterling are real enough. And Washington has been lending the Bank of England dollars with which to defend the pound from speculative raids. London has also been selling its large holdings of U.S. securities to raise dollars. Such sales came at a time when U.S. stock markets were under pressure built up by domestic uncertainties. How much the British dumping of stocks contributed to stock price weakness here is elected honorary captain of the I 1955 Luther L. Wright High , 1w1 „ Kennedy group stuck with John-! Scn ° o1 baseball team, Coach son through the critical early j ' t o full to this 3n a v e public o w n oment other j were quite happy to help John- rtureJson in his own right. Now that the White llousic is stages of his regime. Loyalty to the late president and his p r o- granis was perhaps the chief motivating factor, but some Jack Kraemer announces. A s- pmwall was elected by his teammates, who completed the 1955 campaign Thursday when they were defeated by Bessemer in But with the growing war in Viet Nam, the United States must spend more for military goods. It must also defend its dollar from any speculative raids built on doubts abroad as to the effects of war on the U.S. domestic economy the final Michigan- W i s c o nsin , Doubtless Washington will go fold. ff ective nnedy en on still a ay the When a n d =s mall heavily populated with efficiently operating Johnson men, the deep earlier concern over the transition may seem to some observers to have been exaggerated. But the look of ease is misleading. & it fi The continuing presence of so many experienced Kennedy men was a vital stabilizing factor. Without demeaning their s u c- cessors, it is fitting to say that the holdovers provided import. s none I ant on-the-job-lniining lor those, at this time. Conference game of the season. :20 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 68, low 54 . . , . The lumberjack picnic at the Gogebic county fairgrounds on Sunday, August 5, was well attended in spite of the none too favorable weather .... A handicraft exhibition will be held at the Hamilton club, Mont real, Wednesday, August 8, in connection with the weekly outdoor band concert of the Hurley high school band concert. Artie 1 e s made during the summer playground season will be on display on helping London defend the pound sterling and -perhaps lend Britain a helping hand in its efforts to get its financial house in order. A Daily Thought As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance.—I Peter 1:14. Habits arc coliw.'b.s at first; , cables at last. - Chinese prov- i crb.
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