The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 14, 1933 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Tuesday, February 14, 1933
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T -''- '< '•" «'{'*<(* \ i {'*<(**, «.jfw-«WBpA' »- >- ^ III 'T. * wVvs-'vw 4 •' • v v i4\ •(*' ,| M» , 1 > y > < i , ' "i r '. , ;/ ' , ,\ ,"••* ' " ' 1 , TUESDAY. FEB. 14, Ctrttorial $age of $(* IBatitrsficlb A t, F R'fi »,. H,A R» B trlj BDITOn AND Issued livery Kvenlng Except Sunday In BakersnelU. Kern County, California Mntercd in post office at Bnkcrsneld, California, as second class mull matter under the Act of Congress March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of *nll news-dispatches credited to It or .not otherwise credited in this paper, and also the local news published therein. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith & Branson, Inc. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON- (t>. C.) BUREAU Frederic J. Iliiskln, Director, Washington, V. C. THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. S. A. THE BEST FRIENDS N ORGANIZATION lias been created in Oregon designated as the "Friends of "the Public School," and the specific purposes as outlined arc Ihe "maintenance of the ex- celfencc of teaching standards already attained and improvement of those standards as rapidly as possible, promotion of stability and steady progress of all phases of school work, support of legislation designed to place the schools on ti sound basis, both as to adequate financing ' and academic standards." in establishing And the same paper that carries notice from Portland of this organization has another from Atlantic City, New Jersey,-to the effect that the 1500 city employes, to whom about $800,000 in back pay is due, will be paid in part in scrip, notes being issued in the sum of $350,000. The four hundred teachers in the public schools whose salaries* are unpaid will receive compensation for six weeks, two of those weeks representing the month of November and four in December. They still have six weeks' pay coming to them from the last fiscal year, and no provision has been made for payment to cover the indebtedness. The Friends of the Public Schools might lake heed of the situation that has developed 'in Atlantic City. We may be sure the management of that municipality had no desire to owe its teachers money and that it would be glad to pay the outstanding warrants. It simply has no funds, due to the condition of the city's finances. Nor is the position in vyhich Atlantic City finds itself an isolated one. Throughout the West, and notably in the second city in the nation, Chicago, a similar condition prevails. The authorities do not know where they are to gel funds to meet the public pay rolls, including the salaries of teachers. There was evidently no planning in advance as to municipal financing and the result has worked a tremendous hardship upon employes. Nobody in this country wants to see thcj public school retrograde. The public insists i that they shall so function that children shall be well grounded in the essentials, and the same public is quite willing that as much more should be undertaken as finances will permit. But it must be plain to even those who arc most active in seeking to prevent any reduction in costs, that a situation is fast developing which is threatening. It is not to be expected in any department of the public service that maintenance can be continued without making some retrenchment and those who recognize it in time will be the best friends of government and the best friends of the educational system. It will not do for those who formulate plans for the future, plans that are often blindly accepted by many people, to say that there must be no lessening of the scope of education at this time. There must, indeed, be a lessening of costs, just as there has been in business in its every phase throughout the country. The earlier there is recognition of this fact, the belter it will be for all interested. And this involves factors which have little to do with that line of least resistance being followed in some places, that is, the reduction of teachers' salaries. That brings about a rather pitiful saving in itself as against expenditures along other lines in an extended school program which has come to embrace many nonessentials. and which calls for elimination and modification in the interest of real economy—an economy which must eventuate to insure a sane perpetuation of our educational system. number of unemployed is increasing, and literally millions are asked from the federal government to aid in caring for them. Whereupon, the same critic says that if the 5 1 /ii cent rate for meals is practical and could be applied, in caring for the unemployed, the entire situation would'be.clari- fied and at a far smaller cost than is represented by the demands made by, the Governor for loans. ' . • '•> All around, we arc not quite so sure of the value of this publicity stunt. It is likely to have tho tendency of justifying employers in further reduction of wages, based upon a demonstration that perfectly good meals can be served to hungry, people for 5 1 /2 cents. On the other hand, the householder who meets the expense of maintaining a family will have some hesitancy in accepting the figure named as representing the actual cost of feeding hungry girls and boys. Which is not saying that n single meal for 50 people might not be purchased for $2.72. But the housewife \vho must provide three meals a day with only a limited amount of money to meet the expense, will be rather slow to accept the Pinehot experiment as a basis for family maintenance. Meantime, it would seem that if Governor Pinchol is convinced that 5Vi: cents is sufficient to purchase a meal, he might very well revise his estimates as to the amount of money Pennsylvania needs to feed the unemployed. AND THE LOANS? TEN YEARS AGO (The CaJlfonilan, thl> dtte, 1053) H. A. Jastro, told today In an Interview, of his early experiences In this county, first as a sheepman and later aa a cattleman. Tho per capita tax for this county, 1922-23 Is $77.27. The tax burden for the fiscal year : ln total, Is $4,634,284.82. Evelyn Hummlch Is editor' of the students' Hiinunl and Milton Phlnney one' of tho assistant,editors. Tho Mardl Oras ball at the Woman's olub was the most brilliant spectacle of Its kind ever given here. Professor G. I* Montgomery, of tho University of California said today that 70 percent of tho students In tho school should be attached, to the end of a pick ^handle or frying pan. A woman forger Is ."papering" the city with bad checks. 1 TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Callfornlin, thin (Into. 101.1) The private homo.of President Ma- deru In Mexico City is on tiro from shelling. Dins'., asked' to surrender, answered with a barrage of projectiles. •loo Baldwin and Frank Kane, who burglarised Welll's store here have been sentenced to serve three years at Sail Quentln. IT. M. Kelstcr, of Portorvlllo Is visiting relatives In Bakcrsfleld. W. P. Miller, of Fresno, will address the Woman's club Saturday afternoon. 71. .T. Brandt Is hero from Los Angeles on n visit. Mrs. B. ' (Umeo entertained friends at a party yesterday'. Conductor A. 13. Vrye, who has been visiting in Burton, Kansas, will return here In a few days. THIRTY YEARS AOO <Th« California!!, thin dale. 11)0.11 "Lovers' Lane," a Clyde Fitch T HE weekly report issued by the Federal Reserve Bunk of San Francisco discloses that bank deposits of 35 member banks in the West showed a gain of $3,000,000 for'the week, the total deposits aggregating $1,480,000,000. We should find some encouragement in,these figures under ordinary conditions, but before we can determine the degree of betterment indicated by them, we should also have the figures us to the volume of loans. Business is not stimulated directly by an increase in the deposit in banks. The importance of such increase is that it strengthens the bunks and enables them to function as an aid to business in the communities in which they exist. Obviously, it is futile to pile up money in deposits unless there- is a corresponding outgo in the form of loans. It will be interesting to see disclosed the amount of loans made for the week by the sume 35 banks whose gain in deposits are noted. drnma .was presented at Scribner's Opera House Inst night. M. P. Smith is now Inspecting boilers In thf Kern river fields. John f'hosbro Is now reported to bp thf highest snlnrlcd pitcher In busc- bnH drawing $8000 a year In tho American League. The Southern Pacific is reballastlng tho MoKlttrlck line. Heavy wool shipments between Bak- ersfleld and Delano are anticipated this season. Harry Lechner, who has been In Hawaii for two years, has returned hetv In in.'ike this ulty his home. BEOIN HERE TODAY 3li§ll« Shayne, dancer, li dliehuitd from i new »liy became Marten flanrjelah, thi itir, li Jealeue of hir. Sheila eearthei for work and finally tetum t tart In • mutleal ihew io«ti to to on tour. Dlok Stanley, rleh and toelally prominent, uk> her te live ua thli Job and mirry him but Snolla refuiei. Her Idea of mirrlaie li a home In a little town, far from Broadway. , Tha eompiny ittt out on their taur and Sholla bieomti friendly with Jaapy, a-enema llrl. In a 1 little mldweitern elty Sheila meets Jerry Wyman,' who worke In a factory. She dole nel knew that Jerry's father awne tho lattery. Tho yeuni man takee her to luaeer after tho performance. NOW 00 ON WITH THE STORY CHAPTER XXVIt Long after Sheila had slipped be-, tween the covers of her bed that night she lay awake. Sho smiled In the darkness. Sho was to see Jerry tomorrow. Sho felt that shn had never, never, been so happy in her life. v % Jappy shut tho door of tho dressing room behind her, "So help me, Sheila," she exclaimed, "I believe you're in love!" Cold cream jar suspended in midair, Sheila stopped short In her preparations before the mirror. Towel pinned firmly around her head, eyos critically considering her reflection, she spoke carefully. "In love? Why, my dear Jappy!" .Jappy tossed asldo her coat, ripped oft her hat and, sinking Into a chair, bf-gan to unfasten her strap pumps. Shn wim late by recognized standards, but, being Jappy, she would probably reach tho wings a good four minutes ahead of Sheila. "That's what I said—In love! I'vo spoken to you twice and you haven't answered. And.lipeaklnB of love, who was tho Romeo you were with last night? And tho night before? And today at lunch?" Sheila rose from tho dressing table, fastening her headdress, slipped off her klmonn and drew her costumo over her head. "You'll bo late," she warned tho other girl. "I'll make It. Just saw McKco getting in." "McKeo doesn't op,en the show." "I'll bo on time." Jappy faced the mirror, spreading cold cream expertly, rapidly. A dusting of powder, rouge, blue lines about 'the eyes. ."What's his name, Sholla You're beginning to worry me." In the mirror, without seeming to do so she eyed her friend sharply. "Too bad we're leaving tonight," .Tnppy went on. "I'm not going to leave. I'm staying over; I'll'make the jump Monday morning. There's a train." "Oh!" preBslve. Tho monosyllabic was ox- Shella usually liked to spend Sunday In tho town where the show played on Monday resting, shampooing, going over robe, doing her mending. her ward- To remain for Sunday, ti dreary day strangers, meant just one Sheila must bo very much in behind, among thing, love. Sheila told her his name was Jerry Wyniah. Just a nice boy who worked in a factory. Ho had shown her the little houses where employes lived. Tjlttle houses with tiny lawns and gardens, Ironing boards that went back into the wall, showers, electric refrigerators, every convenience. Did you discuss rents?" Jappy wanted to know. ' "Doris Haynes 'married that automobile salesman we met In Carrs- vlllc," Sholla said Irrelevantly. "And Grace Gordon married a cotton millionaire. But you notice shc'8 bark on Broadway." "The stage was all Grace, cared about," Sholla protested. "Five minutes!" droned the ball boy and for four of them conversation was suspended. In'the flurry of excitement Jappy's sjioes could not be found until she located them In tho cretonne pocket of tho dressing chair. As Sheila waited in the wings sho thought happily of Jerry.' Yes, she was in love with him. She was sure of It. ' She remained In Spencer untft Monday. Jappy bade her goodby with warnlngH not to take the country lad too seriously. She was Joking but with that sort ot raillery which veils deeper meanings.' Sheila and Jerry had planned a picnic for Sunday. They would start a little late for picnics but early, Jerry said, for stage people. Jerry had to attend church with tho family. Sun-, day dinner was a family rite, too, but he said he could escape that. "Just this once," he told Sheila, He had not told her much about his family. She guessed, In spite of the Insignificant car he drove, that his family was Important. Sho guessed that there wore other cars but that this one was Jerry's to do with as he pleased. • o • Sheila ordered lunch for two packed at the hotel. The head waiter raised his eyebrows as she ordered and NEWS BEHIND THE NEWS -(Cenyrliht McClure Newipaper Syndicate)- G RANDOM NOTES WASHINGTON By Pt)UL MALLON O. P.—This snorting among tho Young Turks who want to boot tho 'Roosevelt progressives out of the Republican party Is child's patter. Nothing will come of it except a dc- elslvo defeat for those who are sponsoring tho move. The leaders have already decided privately about that. Tho older heads remember what happened when IjaFollette, Ladd, Brookhart and Krazler were booted out for ship-scuttling In 1924. A few months later the leaders were on bended knees Imploring the four to come back to The Kern River Chamber of Commerce, with its headquarters at Kernville, is now a regularly organized institution and is functioning to advance the interests' of that section of the county. And it will be agreed that this is a good time to do something toward directing attention to the historic mountain town, through a storm throughout the length and breadth of the state, but it is the record that the highways to Kernville, both out of the San Joaquin Valley and from the desert along the South Fork, were open throughout the stormy period. We recently passed that blocked traffic the crew. Politics is like that. Those who get kicked today may do the kicking themselves tomorrow. This movement, appears to have been started in the cloalcroom on the quiet by Senator Hastings of Delaware. Ho Is a comparative newcomer with more zeal than experience. He banded together a. few more young blades and took the question up with the old-timers. A secret meeting was held. Five senators attended. Tho old-timers were represented by Leader-to-Be McNary and Senator Stelwer from Oregon. They tried to make Hastings sen the error of his ways. They told him there was only one way to deride who should be Republicans and that was to let each state Republican ' organization determine for itself. They pointed out Oregon a«id Delaware might differ on that.' The youngsters paid no more attention than most children to the advice of a father. They Insisted on going out and bumping their noses into a fist to find out If It h.urts. If they get more than one-fourth of the Republican membership of the Senate to support them they will be very lucky. n that category. The British proposal to raise a lump sum through an American bond Issue, is nearly as absurd. That would be paying us with our own money. There Is not even an office boy in the Incommg or outgoing administrations who would consent to that method of shifting tho debt from the government to the American private Investor. The truth Is the lump-sum idea has ueen discussed vaguely by the high- cut negotiator!). But. our people will Insist that only a small part, could be financed In this country. Also not a cent, could be financed before Britain returns to the gold standard and does something toward tariff reform. These, latter Ideas lire, more vital In the minds of those who will conduct the American negotiations than the lump- sum angle. No agreement has been reached. The stage of serious negotiations has not even been approached. There will bo plenty of this international folderol before the boys put their feet under tho table here next month and get down to business. CT. O n < With its 'mountain setting, what finer place for winter sports than in the Kernville area?' And where else is there a town more readily accessible? The Kernville people can make a very substantial advance to their cause by supporting their Chamber of Commerce, and incidentally, the Kern County Chamber of Commerce is making a contribution, through its participation in the advertising of the All Year Club, that cannot fail to be of benefit to our neighbors in the mountains. Kernville has a delightful climate, u picturesque environment, and its advantages, if mude known, will resulj in the location there of a very considerable summer colony each year. D EBTE?—Most of the news coining out of London now on war debts Is sheerest iJrltlsh propaganda. JAMES'—Underlying signs here point increasingly toward the selection of that eminent gentleman Judge Robert Worth Blnglmm as ambassador to Britain. He Is the nationally prominent publisher from Louisville. The wise ones nodded their heads knowingly when Mr. Roosevelt called him to Warm Springs Immediately after conferring with Senator Hull, prospective Secretary of State. That was also about the same time Sir Ronald Lindsay went down there on the subject of war debts. The Lindsay trip caused an Inner commotion here among those who suspect, skullduggery .on the debt question. The fact is that State Secretary Stimson was the Instigator. He was talking with Mr. Roosevelt one day on the telephone. He told the President- elect that the British ambassador was going back home for a conference. Mr. Roosevelt said he would like to have a chat with Sir Ronald before his departure. Stimson transmitted the formal Invitation to the British to ask Stimson if he thought It was all right diplomatically. Stimson smiled wryly and said ho thought it was O. K. That is why no one up hero has given any particular attention to Sir Ronald's actions. It was all done too informally to be Important. • • • • ULLITT—The replies to State Department queries on the Bullltt ase were too .silly to be made public. London''cabled: "It Is very reliably eported Mr. Bullltt was seen walking n tho streets of London." Vienna eported this supposed debt emissary rom Mr. Roosevelt was "out skiing." Berlin said he dropped in as a news- aper man for a chat at the embassy, 'aris admitted he had talked with "resident Paul Boncour but everyone ecognlzed It was not an official con- erence. This cable hinted Boncour nul not paid much attention to Mr. Bullttt. • The answers were kept confidential stenslbly to save the face of Senator Arthur Robinson (Republican), who made the charges on the basis of newspaper reports Trom abroad. They were devastating enough to have silenced anyone but Robinson. promised .to «ee that everything was as.lt should'be. It would have surprised Sheila to know that the head waller \vas aware who was to accompany her on that picnic, just .as h,e and half the h'otel staff were aware what kept Sheila In Spencer over the week-end. By 1 o'clock she and Jerry had parked the roadster and were seated by a brook far from town. Oh, yes, Sheila was In' love with rferry.' She liked the way he moved as he deftly laid out the lunch and broiled the steak which he had added to the feast. Shellai understood that his acquaintance with woodland picnics exceeded her own, He laughed! when she tried to balance her plate on her lap, brought her water In a paper cup to serve as a finger bowl, dried her hands on his huge handkerchief and then abruptly s'wung' Jilmself beside, her. As abruptly ho kissed her. "Do you love m.o?" he whispered. T^vo bees were circling about tho remains of tho cake and Sheila fastened har eyes on tho abandoned Im- jjrovised table, "You know I do." "Sure?" His teasing blue eyes held hers now. ' "I'm suro-7-but what will yo.ur family say?" "What can they say, darling?" ISven us he kissed her again Sheila felt a Ilttlo coldness about her heart. Ho had evaded the question. All that week he had evaded any refej- ence to his family. She did not know anything at all about them. To bo sure his manner, his clothes were Irreproachable but that told little. She recalled some of tho leading men she had known In tho theater. Occasionally one saw a humble father, an overworked little mother, with confusion and .pride blending In their faces as they watched' their handsome son. Sheila was an aristocrat In her own sphere but it did not matter to her from what stratum In society Jerry came. She loved him and that was enough. • * • Ho had said, "What can they nay darling?" Later he said, "They don" need to know." She was Inexpressably hurt at that Jerry had Implied that his famil: would look down, on her because sh earned her living on the stage. I was not that he had said those words Had he put It bluntly It might h.av been easier to bear. "But," sho faltered, "they'll hav to know some time, won't they?" "Please, Sheila — why should WP bother about my family? Let's jus think about us." There he was evading question again. It v dld seem as If^he woul want to tell her about himself Just a she had told htm about herself. . "You've never mentioned a beau, he pointed out once when she wa Tha lump-sum-payment stories are I embassy bore. Sir Ronald came around By DR. FRANK McCOY HOW TO USE THE WHOLE WHEAT GRAIN A S I explained In yesterday's article, the entire wheat grain' contains food elements that are capable of sustaining life almost Indefinitely if supplemented with pome of the fresh vegetables, especially tho grcon leafy types. Whole wheat contains proteins baked. In form It makes a BOOC nourishing entro to a meal. Sprouted Whole Wheat Soak whole wheat for several hours In water, strain off the water, place the wheat In a layer on a dump towe and rover with another damp towel In about two days, If kept in a warn place, tho wheat beglnn to sprout, li which am more complete. than those this form wheat takes on more of the of any other cereal and In addition it nature of u non-starchy green vngu table as the starch becomes oonvertei Into malt sugars. During this sprout Ing process vitamin <"' Is nlso prudiicRi phur and calcium. It Is also richly en- | so that In emergency, were one living contains largo amounts of iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sul- A TEST PRICE T HIi fact that Governor and Mrs. Pinehot of Pennsylvania gave a dinner in honor of Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, at which the total cost for over fifty guests was $2.72, has had wide publicity, it seemingly being the thought that there is value in the knowledge ; that an adequate dinner can be served for a 1 /!; cents. But the incident is viewed from another angle by some critic. He points out that no state in the Union has more insistently demanded relief money from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation than bus Pennsylvania. It has been said by the And in addition, the mountain town is the center of a historic area of California that will not full to interest residents of the-state land those who motor through it each season. We know of no place that can be more i advantaged by intelligent civic work than Kernville, and it is good to observe that its Chamber of Commerce is being strengthened and that it is already functioning in behalf of the community it represents. * * * The tobacco growers of Kentucky received good prices for their crops last year, but even so there is much distress over the problem of finding money to pay taxes on their land. And because that is true, the agitation in favor of a sales tax has been revived. Indeed, it is this method of raising revenue for the support of government to relieve properly of some of the burden that . rlnwnrt with vlinmliis nnntnlnlne n. on nothlnft but wheat, the sproutei hirieaino.it of vl amlns A B D TC ' «'heat grains could be used to supple iTnd a"'" The only'vHanfl^lack^g Ys »«»• -ft" j{STO BU ^,l W «ilS? t """ f ° n vitamin C which Is present In largo l I)rno " call> T« l> J'.r.L ^h d Jri - Governor not once, but many times, that the is finding favor in many states of the Union. amounts in the green vegetables and in tho fresh fruits. A hundred pound hack of whout can bo purchased at present prices for between $2.00 und $3.00, and It can provide ample nourishment for a healthy person for between three und four months, provided one also uttes some of the fresh leafy vegetables and fruits. Unfortunately, most people do not know how to uso whole wheat to the best advantage. Here, are some methods of using the entire wheat grain: Boiled Whole Wheat Pick over the wheat grains by hand so as to remove any small pebbles or chaff. Wash thoroughly, cover with twice as much water as wheat and allow to soak for several hours or over night. In the morning- boll for about twenty minutes or until some of tha grains burst open. It Is then ready to serve. With thtf addition of a small amount of cream or canned milk, It makes an excellent breakfast food. Stewed nonacld fruits may bemused at the same meal. For luncheon ono may uso tho same boiled wheat cereal just as ono would tiso rice In addition to nonstarchy vegetables. For the evening meal this htuno nouked.coreal may be mashed or run through a fine meat grinder and thetj mixed with ground nonstarchy Toasted Wheat S 'By FREDERIC J. HABKIN ' Any reader oan tat the aniwer to any quettlon by wrltlni to our Information Bureau In Waeh- Initon, D. 0. Thli offer applies itrlctly W Information, Tim Bureau cannot ilto adrlct on leu), medical, and financial maltere, H deee not attempt to lettle domeitlo troublH, or, undertake eihauitlre research en any mbleoU • Write your queitlon plalnW and briefly., Olta- full name and addreit tnd.encloie II eentt In coin or itampt for return pmtaie. Do not ute pott earde, ITio reply li eent direct to Uie Inquirer. Aditreii The Bakerifleld Call-!, fomlan Information Bureau, Frederic J. Hal- kln, Director, wuhlniton, .D. C. x t Q. How many buildings of mor« han 20 stories has New York City?-T. B. A. There are about BOO. There ar» .« 18 buildings with 30 stories or more. Q. Where Is the seat of govsm- nent In the Union of South Africa?— 3. H. M. A. The. seat of government Is Pre- orla In tho Transvaal while the seat of legislature Is Capo Town, Cape of 3ood Hope Province. The Dutch, who 'oundcd South Africa, seemed to . 'avor the separation of the exocutlv* and legislative branches of govorn- nent in two different cities. Tho • kingdom of tho Netherlands, which n point of blood Is one of the mother countries of the South African state, ins the same arrangement' — tho Hague In South Holland Province Ing the seat of government whllo the legislature sits at Amsterdam. Q. What Is the difference In altitude between'the highest and lowest points of land In the world?—B. B. A. Mt, Everest Is the highest point of land in the world, having an elevation of 29,141 feet. Th Dead Sea Is the lowest place In the world, 130U. feet blow sea level. There would be> 20,441 feet difference In altitude between them. talking of rehearsals, Ma Lowell' boarding house, her father and mothe and her early life. "I've never had a beau." What Sheila wanted to say was, "I've never been In love before," but she did not say it. Somehow It did not seem quite the admission to make. At dusk ho brought her back to tho hotel. This disappointed her. He had originally planned that they should dine .together somewhere and ride through the moonlight, arriving back in town much later. "I'd like to but I'm tied up at home," was his apology. "But I'll see you again?" Sheila spoke timidly. For answer Jerry tilted her head back, holding his fingertip to her chin, gazed mischievously Into her eyes and kissed her. "Surest thing you know. I'll phone you about noon." He did not phono about noon. Sheila's train left at 1:20. She packed, called a cab und went to the station, alone. (Continued Tomorrow) Q. What were the causes of the strike of cotton weavers In Lancashire, England, during the late summer and fall of 1932?—O. G. , A. The basic trouble was generally conceded to be twofold: the overcapitalization of the Industry In the boom period following tho war and tho growing competition In the world market, where the cheaper products of the oriental countries are displacing English cottons. It was essential, tho employers said, that costs should be • reduced. The employees agreed, but insisted that'the savings which could be effected through a cut In wages were so small relatively that It was not worth while to submit to It unless It were coupled with some more far- reaching movement. Q. What Is the required postage on an unsealed envelope containing a letter or card?—W. C.. A. The post office ' department says that the postage on a letter In an envelope, sealed or unsealed, waa Included In the first-class rate, 2 cents per ounce, prior to July, 1932, and has been 3 cents an ounce slnco that time. On a card enclosed In an j envelope without written matter | thereon, the third-class rate Is 1' cents for each 2 ounces and has been In effect since ,1925. Prior to that time It was 1 cent an ounce. . Q. What is the difference between a derby and a futurity?—L. J. A. A derby is for 3-year-olds. A futurity Is a race In which the dam- Is entered before tho foal Is dropped, or the foal Is entered when a few months "old—there being-two kinds of futurities. The race Is not run until the'foals are 2-year-olds. NEW YORK By JAMES McMULLIN CABINET — Tho men here whoso judgment Is politically careful approve this as the most probable official family lineup at this time: State— Hull. Treasury—Glass. War—Dern ? Attorney-General—Walsh. Postmaster-General—Farley. Navy—Senator Swanson? Interior—Cutting. Agriculture—Wallace. Commerce—Swagar Sherley? Daniel C, Roper? Labor—Francis Perkins. . A PPOINTMENT — Wall Street ex•«~V pects to see one of its own gb to Washington — even though not In the cabinet. Frank J. Murphy — partner In an Important brokerage firm- seems slated for assistant secretary of the treasury. The point Is that Murphy is a close friend of Brooklyn Boss McCooey. Such a gesture of favor to McCooey might pave the way to his alliance with the Farley wing of the* party for the municipal election this year. That would spike Leader pretty definitely. Curry's euns Informed observers see the move as an effort to counteract Curry's remarkable success with the 1 public via Mayor O'Brien's budget reductions. • • • HOAXES— Senator Cordell Hull's pro- l posal to levy taxes on bonds now exempt certainly started something hero. Interested parties take It seriously because of Ifull's close association with Roosevelt. Foot, horse and guns will bo rallied to prove that it would kill off government financing. Wall Street Is also uneasy about a suggestion to compel the listing of exempt Income first on the Income tax statement — Instead of last as at present — which would mean much Bstl- "TEHOL, City of Emperors," by Sven J Hedln, is a fine corrective for those of us-who had blindly supposed that China has always been the same sort of disordered and chaotic place that It Is nowadays. In his book Mr. Hedln shows us a different .kind of China—an empire that was the greatest, richest, most civilized, and orderly of any on earth. Furthermore, he points out that this condition existed less than a century and a half ago, when a Chinese emperor snubbed the king of England and referred to him contemptuously as a vassal prince. Jehol was a city some hundred miles north of Pelplng which the emperors established early In the eighteenth century as a summer residence. It Is in decay now, but it still contains what the author considers the finest existing examples of Chinese architecture—buildings richly illustrative of a gorgeous past. Mr. Hedln went there to study the buildings; his book describes what he saw, and recounts enough of Chinese history and legend to make the whole comprehensible. It makes fascinating reading. For Q. How many persons in this country carry life Insurance of $50,000 or more?—J. T. M. A. The Spectator listed 17,000 persons In the ynlted States and Canada, who are owners of $50,000 or more of life Insurance. About 400 Individuals have.policies aggregating $1,000,000 or more. . Q. What country has the most vegetarians?—O. C. P. ' A. India. Q. What are some of the most j powerful radio stations In the world? ] T. S. D. A. The highest powered stations In England, as In the United States and Canada, have 50,000 watts. Tha station at Villa Acuna, Mexico, X13R, Is a 75,000-watt station. station at Luxemburg, A powerful which has completed the erection of a 200,000- watt long-wave station, Is so constructed that Its power can be boosted when desirable to 400,000 watts. Also a 200,000-watt station has been erected at Cesky-Brod, near Prague, Czechoslovakia. sheer color there itltiK r Is ilttl e In modern literature to compare with Its account of the Tashl Lama's state visit to 'the emperor of China; for romance there is a tale of the Turkish girl who was carried to Jehol to bo the bride of the emperor but who rebuffed him, died In exile and l«fi a legend that found Its way Into Chinese literature. All In all, you'll find "Jehol. City of Emperors" very much worth while. It is published by Dutton. . •-* Q. Does the widow of a president • of • the United States automatically become eligible to a pension?—J. P. A. A. Pensions of presidents' widows are not granted automatically, but only by special act of Congress. Q. Is Bear Mountain Bridge «. toll bridge?—G. B. D. A. It Is at present. It was opened , In 1924 and will revert to the state of j Now York at the end of 30 years. Q. What duty Is charged on gold brought Into the United States?P. F. V. A. No duty Is charged on gold brought to the United States. ward covering tho whoa.l with three times us much water us wheat and bolllnp until coff. This makes a vory tasty breakfast food. Cracked Wheat Ctreal If you hove a coffee grinder or cereal glnder. whole wheat may ho roughly' ground. In this form It cooks more quickly than the entire grain and tastes slightly different. It may bo boiled as ono would In ordinary norrldge ana used the same way. Whole Wheat With Vegetables Break dry whole wheat Into loose particles either by grinding or pound- Ing. In one cupful of this product mix one tahlespoonful of chopped parsley, one-fourth cup diced carrots, one-fourth cup diced turnips, one-half cup of any chopped green leaf vegetable, such as mustard greens, one tenspoonful of flaxseed and four table- spoonsful of olive oil. Cover with two cups water and steam in double boiler for about two hours. These suggestions may enable you to think of other ways of preparing Whole wheat. Ountleni written by rnderi ef The Oellter. nlaa, eddrnwd la Dr.' Frank MiCey. 61* South' Ardaiara avenue, Lai Aneelei, will be an. •wired. IncleM Mlf-addraiied ttaaaed eovoleae. oral revenue, to the fed- CHARK WORK — The share-work O campaign is petering out. Walter Tfagle has gone back entirely to his own business. Matthew Sloan — his successor as chairman of tho committee — announced policies of active effort to his staff and then went off to Florida. Headquarters has dwindled to a skeleton. You may see the United States Chamber of Commerce officially taking over the Job of the share-work committee. They probably won't do anything about It, but It would enable/ the chamber to say, "Look, wo're useful after all." 4 . . . A DVBRTISII^a — A number of big •*»• advertisers are planning an Intensive drive on phoney advertising claims. Yeast and cigarette companies will bo Important targets. ' The' Federal Trade Commission and tjie American- Medical Association are expected to lend a hand. The A. M. A. Is not without Influence. It practically killed heavy hospital sales for one company whose advertising ethics It disapproved. - Can anything bo harsher to the privileged than the words "there Is no work 1 ' are to the unemployed?— William Green, president, American Federation of Labor. There never haa been and In all probability never again will be such an opportunity for advantageous Investment as at present. — Alllston Crags, writer on investments. Don'txlet anyone make you think that the Christian religion would be mdre t powerful, or more helpful, or more reasonable. If It were divested of Its supernatural elements. — Bishop William T. Manning, New York, A THOUGHT Whit Is man, that thou are mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou vliltert him?—Paalme 1:4. • 4 • The language of truth IB simple— ISurlpldes. V

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