The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 15, 1974 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Turk aid cutoff killed Veto override try fails : WASHINGTON (AP) - The House failed today to override President Ford's veto of Congress' cutoff of military aid to Turkey, killing the cutoff. House Appropriation Chairman George H. Mahon, D-Tex., said the committee would meet later in the day to redraft a new emergency funding resolution for a number of federal agencies. The resolution died with the veto because the Turkey aid cutoff was attached to it. The House vote was Congress' first try to override any of Ford's vetoes and the House began recording it on the electronic voting counters on each end of the chamber almost immediately after Ford's veto message was read. There was no debate. Opponents of the Turkish aid said optimistically Monday that spot checks indicated they might be able to muster a two-thirds House vote today to override Ford's veto of the aid cutoff. But the opponents agreed with predictions of leaders, including Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott, that the Senate will sustain Ford's veto whether the House overrides or not. A presidential veto can be overturned only by a two-thirds vote of both House and Senate. Congress has postponed its campaign recess for a week to act because the Turkey aid cutoff is in an emergency stop-gap funding resolution for agencies whose legal spending authority expired Sept. 30. Denouncing "reckless acts," Ford said in his veto message Monday that Congress' resolution to cut off aid to Turkey is "entirely destructive" to U.S. efforts to bring about Cyprus peace negotiations. The President also said the aid cutoff might imperil U.S. relations with Turkey "and weaken us in the crucial eastern Mediterranean. "It directly jeopardizes the NATO alliance," he added. Both the House and Senate originally voted overwhelmingly, four to one, to cut off the U.S. aid after Turkey's invasion of Cyprus. But Ford contended that rather than encourage negotiations the Turkey aid cutoff would lessen U.S. influence in getting Turkey to negotiate and "could mean the indefinite postponement of meaningful negotiations." In a clear reference to congressmen's sensitivity to Greek-American lobby efforts for the Turkey aid cutoff, Ford said lack of negotiations will not help Greece or the Greek Cypriots who formerly dominated Cyprus. "Reckless acts that prevent progress toward a Cyprus settlement harm Greece, for it is the Greek government and the Greek Cypriots who have the most to gain from a compromise settlement," Ford said. But opponents, including Sen. Thomas F. Eagleton, D-Mo., said continued U.S. military aid to Turkey is an obvious violation of law prohibiting its use for invasion and occupation. Other opponents such as House Europe subcommittee Chairman Benjamin S. Rosenthal, D-N.Y., contend that so long as U.S. aid strengthens Turkey's forces on Cyprus she will never negotiate a pullout. atafte Vol. 88 4 SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIF., TUESDAY, OCT. 15,1974 ! 52 PAGES No. 287 Ehrlichman lawyer says Nixon lied WASHINGTON (AP) - John D. Ehrlichman's lawyer accused former President Richard M. Nixon today of deliberately withholding information about Watergate "to save his own neck." William S. Frates said in his opening statement to the jury trying Ehrlichman and four others for conspiracy in the Watergate cover-up that: "President Nixon, who knew the full story, withheld it from John Ehrlichman and prevented Ehrlichman from making a full disclosure of the facts that Ehrlichman recommended at that time over and over again." Frates thus laid out Ehrlichman's defense: That "Richard Nixon deceived, misled, lied and used John Ehrlichman." He said that at the same time that Nixon was calling Ehrlichman one of the finest public servants he had ever known "he was deliberately withholding information . . . covering up to save his own neck." As Frates spoke, Ehrlichman, who had been Nixon's number two aide intil he resigned four months into Nixon's second presidential term, sat at the counsel table staring fixedly at the jury. His lawyer said it was not easy for Ehrlichman to make such charges against the man he served so long. Frates asked the jury of nine women and three men to treat each defendant separately in making their decision at the end of the trial he expected to last three or four months. He referred to the White House tapes that Nixon fought so hard to retrain in the White House. The tapes, obtained after extended court fights and a Suprema Court decision, will be played for the jury in the course of the trail. "The tapes might have done some people harm," Frates said, "but they are the greatest thing that ever happened to John Ehrlichman." Frates made the first opening state­ ment for the defense. Lawyers for two other defendants, Robert C. Mardian and Kenneth W. Parkinson were to follow. The other defendants, H. R, haldeman and John N. Mitchell, reserved their opening statements until the prosecution cases end. The first witness was to be John Dean III, the first White House insider to accuse Nixon and his closest associates. Dean was to testify to a jury that had been told by government prosecutor Richard Ben-Veniste on Monday that Nixon once suggested Dean be given to investigators as a sacrifical "hors d'oeuvre (and) maybe they won't come back for the main course." Quoting from tape recordings to be made public for thefirst time in the trial, Ben-Veniste told of conversations among the former President, Haldeman and Ehrlichman in April 1973 about the threat posed by Dean, then spilling the Watergate story to prosecutors. On April 14, Ben-Veniste said, the three men "considered a strategy of pushing Dean outside the circle of wagons around the White House." It was then, he added, that Nixon suggested sacrificing Dean, a self-admitted participant in the cover-up. "The president recognized that if Dean was guilty that half of his staff could be considered guilty," Ben-Veniste told the jury. He said Nixon made a strong suggestion that "Dean has got to look down the road and realize there is only one man who can restore him to the practice of law after it's all over." But by then, Dean already had gone to prosecutors with his story. When that information was brought to the President by Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst, Ben-Veniste said, the discussions turned to how the situation should be handled. Ben-Veniste called it "the cover-up of the cover-up." Haldeman, Nixon's chief of staff and Ehrlichman, his domestic counselor, resigned April 30. Dean, who had issued a public statement April 19 that "he would not become a scapegoat" in the Watergate case was fired April 30. Other than disclosures from the tapes, the story Ben-Veniste outlined in his 3- hour, 10-minute statement, was a familiar one. It began with the meetings at which Mitchell, Jeb S. Magruder and G. Gordon Liddy allegedly planned the Watergate break-in, through its execution and the ever more-frantic efforts to bottle up the story. All five defendants are charged with a conspiracy to obstruct justice, which Ben- Veniste described as "an agreement among two or more persons to violate the laws." He told the jury of 9 women and 3 men that: "We will prove to you in the course of this trial that the attempts of legitimate law enforcement agencies of the United States to ascertain the facts which led up to this Watergate break-in .:. were met by an effort to cover up the facts and obstruct the investigation by the most powerful men in the government of the United States in a conspiracy that involved the participation of even the President himself." A part of the conspiracy, the 31-year- old prosecutor said, was $25,000 obtained from Nixon's friend C. G. (Bebe) Rebozo and used as part of the $400,000 paid to some of the original Watergate defendants. Ben-Veniste said Mitchell dispatched an aide to pick up the money from Rebozo. He also said there were plans to make Mitchell take the blame after efforts failed to portray the Watergate burglars as ' 'people off on a lark of their own." And he said there .were extensive, "carefully worded assurances to Magruder and Mitchell and even John Dean," see Trial—page 2 President affirms support of Rocky WASHINGTON (AP) - President Ford fully supports Nelson A. Rockefeller for vice president and "has complete faith in Gov. Rockefeller's integrity,"'a White House spokesman said today. The White House statement came after Senate Democratic Whip Robert C. Byrd said a book about Arthur J. Goldberg "is pretty reminiscent of the dirty tricks in the Nixon era." Senate Republican Leader Hugh Scott, however, described as generous Rockefeller's decision to take responsibility for the book financed by his brother. Press Secretary Ron Nessen said he did not see "any sense of concern" on Ford's part that the gift-giving disclosures about Rockefeller would have any adverse affect on his confirmation by Congress. Nessen was asked about Rockefeller's telephone call to the President last Saturday about the gifts and the financial backing by Rockefeller's brother, Lawrence of a critical biography about former Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg,' who was running against Rockefeller for the New York governorship. Nessen said the President's response was that "such campaign tactics are re-, grettable," but that he felt Gov. Rockefeller's "disavowal" and his apology to Goldberg "indicates the governor's attitude" toward such campaign tactics. "Even though Gov. Rockefeller knew nothing about the book," Nessen said, "the President admires him for assuming the responsibility and making the public apology, and the President has complete faith in Gov. Rockefeller's integrity." The House Judiciary Committee has been conducting an inquiry into Rockefeller's background and activities in connection with his confirmation for the vice presidential nomination. Byrd and Rockefeller talked separately to reporters just before the start of the day's Senate session, and their remarks reflected the growing controversy over President Ford's nomination of Rockefeller. Byrd and Scott agreed that the Senate Rules Committee's hearings on the Rockefeller nomination will have to be reopened. Both are members of the committee. Meanwhile, in New York, Rockefeller said the government's investigation of him is so detailed that it is "out of this world." "There's not a thing I've done and hardly anything I've thought that hasn't been gone over," Rockefeller said at a sidewalk news conference. « In Washington, aides to the Senate Rules Committee said a decision on reopening hearings on confirmation of Rockefeller's nomination may be delayed until after a post-election session of Congress. And more developments surfaced to complicate the proceedings. The New York Tiraes,reported on a planned investi- seSHockefeller—page 2 Liddy released after nearly 2 years in jail WASHINGTON . (AP) - G. Gordon Liddy, the silent man among the original Watergate defendants, was released today on $5,000 bond after serving 21 months in jail. He had been the only one of the first seven defendants still behind bars, serving a minimum sentence of six years and eight months. U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell released Liddy from the District of Columbia jail pending appeal by Liddy on two convictions, one for the June 17, 1972, break-in at the Democratic National Committee's headquarters and the other for conspiracy in the Ellsberg break-in case. The appeal on convictions for conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping in the original burglary has already been heard by the U.S. Court of Appeals. Arguments for the Ellsberg break-in conviction have not yet been scheduled. On Oct. 3, Liddy, 44, completed an 18-month jail sentence for contempt for his refusal to testify before Waterggaat grand juries. It was the contempt citation that prevented him from obtaining freedom while the other convictions worked their way through the appeals process. Stanford man wins Nobel in chemistry STOCKHOLM (UPI) - Stanford University chemist Paul J. Flory won the 1974 Nobel Chemistry Prize today for research in plastics and synthetic fibers, The prize for physics went to two British radio astronomers for their discoveries which could be important to finding life in outer space. Martin Ryle, 56, and Antony Hewish, 50, shared the $123,000 physics prize for their research in radio astrophysics which according to Prof. Olof Rydbeck of the Nobel committee said "could be of great importance as to finding of intelligent life in outer space." Flory, 64, was commended by the Swedish Academy of Sciences for his findings in the physical chemistry of macro- moleciles in industry which helped revolutionize the modern plastics indistry, including synthetic materials. "He was in this from the start and he laid the basis for all improvements that have been made," Prof. Anders Ehrenberg of the Nobel academy said. "Chemists used to mix various components and know that they would get nylon, but did not know exactly why," Academy Prof. Sture Forsen said. "Thanks to Flory, they now know why it turns out to be nylon." Flory said he was "quite taken aback and overwhelmed by this award." Notified of the award by telephone at his home in Portola Valley, Calif., near the Stanford campus, Flory said. "It's 6 o'clock in the morning here and I'm not awake." Flory noted that the award was the highest in science and remarked he would "like to believe the Nobel committee knows what it it's doing." "I hope that it (the prize) will focus more attention on this field of science" which will be increasingly important in the years ahead, Flory said. Previously he had won the Sullivan Medal at Ohio State and the Backeland Award and the Peter Debye Award, both from the American Chemical Society. Both Swedish academy spokesmen stressed that Flory was not an industrial chemist, that he was not tied to any industries, but that iddustries later had used his findings to improve their products. They said Flory's finding were of "enormous importance" to modern chemistry and thanks to him, today clothes are made from synthetic fibres and the world has a wide range of plastic materials. Regarding the physics prize, Prof. Per-Olof Lindblad, a member of the Academy, said Hewish's discovery of un-, known radio sources had been merely a coincidence. Later called "pulsars," Lindblad said "the first time Hewish noticed the signals ... he got surprised and almost scared since the signals might indicate intelligent life." U.S. Treasury Secretary William Simon laughed as he found his scissors wouldn't cut ribbon at official opening of American-Russian Economic and Trade Council office in Moscow. Simon is pressing trade talks with Russians. At left is Nikolai Patollchev, Soviet foreign trade minister.—(AP Wirephoto) Simon tells Soviets trade hill OK seen MOSCOW (AP) - U.S. Treasury Secretary William E. Simon today told the Russians he expects early passage of a trade reform bill now delayed by congressmen demanding relaxed Soviet emigration laws to allow more Jews to leave the Soviet Union. Speaking at the first Moscow meeting of the Soviet-U.S. Economic and Trade Council, Simon reassured the Soviets that the Ford administration favors quick passage of the bill, which includes tariff concessions for the Soviet Union. Soviet Foreign Trade Minister Nikolai Patolichev warned the council that unless the concessions are granted, "It is difficult to count on a substantial increase of exports of Soviet goods to the United States, and this in turn will restrain development of our trade as a whole." Simon said there has been much progress in U.S.-Soviet economic and trade relations. He noted that 17 American firms now have permission to open offices in'Moscow and that the bilateral trade turnover is "rapidly approaching" the three-year goal of $2-$3 billion set in 1973. He said 1973 trade totalled more than $1.4 billion. "Although total trade is down somewhat this year after the exceptionally large agricultural payments of 1973, U.S. sales of machinery and equipment products have risen sharply and U.S.S.R. exports to the United States have shown a very substantial increase," Simon said. Simon is meeting in Moscow with Soviet trade officials on problems of trade, specifically Washington's halt of a $500 million grain shipment to the Soviet Union. The grain deal, however, did not come up at the opening of the council. Simon met with Patolichev for 3V2 hours on Monday, but there was no information released on the substance of the discussions. He meets today with Communist party chief Leonid Brezhnev. Algerian leader backs peace plan - RABAT, Morocco (AP) — Algerian President Houari Boumedienne has given Henry Kissinger his assurance that he will go along with a step-by-step approach to settlement between Israel and the Arab states, U.S. sources said today. Boumedienne, one of the most influential and radical of Arab leaders, told Kissinger at a three-hour session^in Algiers Monday night that he will~not be an obstacle to such an approach when the issue comes up at an Arab summit conference here next week. Newsmen were told on the flight from Algiers that Kissinger made the point in his talks with Arab leaders that they have a choice between allowing King Hussein of Jordan to arrange a partial Israeli pullback or sticking with the Palestinians and achieving nothing. Faced with this choice, Boumedienne elected to go along with Kissinger's plan to induce Israel to negotiate with Egypt and Jordan rather than to push for an overall settlement now through the Geneva peace conference, sources said. Boumedienne's support, added to that of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia and President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, was regarded by U.S. officials as extremely helpful to Kissinger's peacemaking program. But they indicated that Syrian President Hafez Assad took a skeptical view of the process when Kissinger conferred with him Sunday in Damascus. Newsmen flying with Kissinger were reminded that a consensus could develop at the Arab summit imperiling piecemeal negotiations. However, U.S. officials appeared optimistic that Kissinger will succeed in setting the stage for Israeli agreements with Egypt and Jordan when he returns to the Middle East next month. Kissinger's visit to Algeria, the third since the October war a year ago, is expected to bring a ' resumption of diplomatic relations between Algiers and Washington after a seven-year break. A senior U.S. official predicted relations would be restored within weeks of -the Arab summit. Kissinger came to Rabat from Algiers and met with King Hassan II, who will be host to the Oct. 26 summit. The Rabat meeting may determine the outcome of peace moves Kissinger discussed in the capitals of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Saudi Arabia and Algeria. No details of these moves have been disclosed, but Arab sources said proposals have evolved that include some new Israeli pullbacks from Arab lands and resumption of political negotiations. Before Kissinger left Egypt on Monday, President Anwar Sadat told him he will try to gain support for interim agreements with Israel at the Arab summit. Sadat added he was "very optimistic." Algeria is one of only three Arab countries — Iraq and South Yemen are the others — still without diplomatic ties with the United States. Mass killer, Tehachapi Inside Today escapee, still at large Californlan circulation service hours daily 8 a.m.-6:30 p.m.; Sunday 7 a.m.-10 a.m. 323-8211. Ten cents daily; 25 cents Sunday. Delivered monthly $3.50. Page Sec Business and Finance 25 3 Classified 31 4 Comics 24 3 Delaplane 30 4 Editorial 16 2. Metropolitan Section 9 2 Oil 25 3 Scene 27 4 Sports 19 3 Television 22 3 Theater 23 3 Vital Statistics 35 4 SAN DIEGO (AP) — Authorities were on the lookout today for Carl Eder, convicted of the largest mass slaying in San Diego County history and reported missing from prison. Eder, 32, walked away Friday from his unsupervised job at the California Correctional Institution near Tehachapi. In 1959, Eder pleaded guilty to the fatal shooting of Mrs. Thomas Pendergast in nearby El Cajon and the stabbing of her four children. Eder remains at large today, Carl Smith, administrative assistant to the CCI superintendent, told The Californian this morning. He said Eder, who had been at Tehachapi for three years, was assigned to a farm crew working outside the facility's grounds. Smith said authorities had had no problems with Eder during his three years at Tehachapi. The son of a German immigrant brewery work, Eder dropped out of high school at suburban Rochester, N.Y. in 1958. That November, the tall youngster was picked up hitchhiking along a San Diego freeway during a storm by Thomas Pendergast, a pipefitter for Ryan Aeronautical Co. Pendergast took the boy to his home and introduced him to his wife, Lois, and their children, David, 9; Thomas, 6; Diane, 4; and Allen, 2. They invited him to stay and offered to help find him work. Pendergast returned from work Dec.- 12 — less than a month later — and was met at the door by Eder, armed with a .38-caliber pistol. The 16-year-old youth forced him to drive around the San Diego area for two see Eder-page 2

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