Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on June 29, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, June 29, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" VOL. LIV Associated PreM and United PTBM Full Lease Wlrd (Five Cents » Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JUNE 29, 1948 This Paper ConsUU «rf Two Scotloo*—Section One No. 2Z5 AP Wirephoto T TPHT TTANTASTTC—Gov Earl Warren of California, republican vice presidential nom•?nee and M?s Wa™n dance a? an after-theater party at the Hotel Pennsylvania in New York City Monday night. 3,755 Dead Jap Quake in Tremors Go On, But No Damage Done Tokyo, (U.R)—Gen. Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported Tuesday that 3,155 persons lost their lives in Fukui as the result of Monday's disastrous earthquake and fire. The list of the dead included an estimated 1,000 dead for devastated Fukui city alone. The figures included the toll in 39 villages as well as the prefec- tural capital. Allied headquarters also disclosed that 7,752 persons were seriously injured and 30,721 buildings were damaged. Of that number 6,306 were burned. Quakes Continue A report from United Press Staff Correspondent Peter Kalischer, now in Fukui, said that the quakes still were continuing, but there was no further damage. Some of the quakes were strong enough to be felt in Tokyo 250 miles away. Experts said minor tremors always followed a big quake. Meanwhile, allied and Japanese officials rushed food and medicines to Fukui in an attempt to check a possible outbreak of disease among the survivors of the disas- f"PV The 2nd night after the quake came to the city and many other communities in the 3 prefectures fronting the Sea ot Japan the wounded were stretched out in the streets and workers still were digging for victims trapped under the debris. Thousands of homeless men, women and children wandered among the ruins m search of food and shelter. Trucks In , Allied headquarters announced that a 15-truck convoy of supplies and personnel was on the Way from Osaka to Fukui, while 2 trucks were on the way from Maizuru with medical supplies. The government in Tokyo sped medicines to the quake area to prevent an outbreak of typhoid, dysentery and tetanus in the provincial capital, now devoid of water and sanitation. The Americans also allowed the government to ship 1,275 metric tons of rice to the disaster area. Badly-crippled telegraph and rail communications prevented Japanese and allied authorities from getting a full picture of the stricken area. Allied headquarters quoted Weather 'Report Mason FORECAST City: Generally fair through Wednesday with moderate temperatures. Low Tuesday night 56. High Wednesday 82. Iowa: Generally fair with 30 Millionth Phone Put In Installed in Home of Purple Heart Veteran UN Might Take Stand in Germany U.S. Feels,Though, Efforts Now Should Be Through Powers Washington, (&)— The state department cautiously suggested Tuesday that the United Nations might be able to take an active role in the German crisis "should the situation in Berlin further deteriorate." The department indicated it feels all efforts at a settlement right now should be concentrated on talks going on directly among the German occupation powers and that the time for U. N. action has not yet arrived. At Lake Success, N. Y., an American official said the U. S. is considering a request from Trygve Lie, U. N. secretary general, for security council action to break the Berlin deadlock. Lie was reported seeking reactions of the 5 great powers on the matter. The American official said Lie's request had been referred to the state department. Concerning this report, Lincoln White, state department press officer, commented: Appreciate UN Role "We are deeply appreciative of the role which the United Nations might play should the situation in Berlin further deteriorate. Meanwhile, this government is exploring every means, of arriving at a settlement of the differences which have arisen." It was understood from official sources that the American reply to Lie's inquiry will follow closely the line of White's comment. Otherwise, White said that he expects no formal statement on the Berlin crisis here Tuesday. Germans Appeal UN for Crisis Help Jet Fighters to Germany Flight Will Be 1st Transocean Attempt Washington, (U.R)—American jet fighters will make their first transocean flight next week and conduct limited maneuvers in Germany, the air force announced Tuesday. Sixteen F-80 Shooting Stars from the 56th fighter group will make the 5,200-mile trip from Selfridge air force base, Mt. Clemens, Mich., to Furstenfeldb- ruck, North Germany, Atlantic spanning the via Labrador, rate temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday. Low Wednesday night 55-60. Iowa Five-Day Weather Outlook: Temperatures will average near normal for the period. Normal highs: 83 north, 87 south. Normal lows; 60 north, 64 south. Slow warming, with comparatively cool nights. Generally sunny days and no rain of consequence, through Friday. Scattered, local showers, averaging one-tenth inch or less Saturday and Sunday. Cooler Sunday. Minnesota: Clearing Tuesday night. Wednesday generally fair. No decided change in temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum Minimum At 8 a. m. Tuesday Precipitation YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum 76 57 72 .03 90 62 Marshalllown, (&)— The 30 millionth Bell System telephone was installed in the home of a 26- year-old purple heart war veteran here Tuesday. Ceremonies marking this installation included long distance calls to Seattle, Wash., and New York City. The telephone was installed by Northwestern Bell Telephone company, one of the operating companies of the Bell System. Installation of the 30 millionth telephone came 72 years after Alexander Graham Bell perfected his invention. It took the Bell System more than 45 years to attain its first 10,000,000 telephones, not quite 20 years for the next 10,000,000 and less than 6 for the 3rd 10 million. The telephone was placed in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Bragg. As part of the ceremonies, Bragg talked to his brother, W. G. Bragg, Seattle, Wash. C. L. Sampson, Des Moines, vice president and general manager of the Northwestern Bell company for Iowa, concluded the ceremonies with a conference call to LeRoy A. Wilson, president of the American Telephone and Telegraph company, at New York, and to Russell J. Hopley, president of the Northwestern Bell company at Omaha. ' There are now 36,500,000 telephones in the United States, 6,500,000 of which are served by the n a t i o n's independently-o w n e d Although white house and state department officials maintained silence, indications mounted that a diplomatic stroke aimed directly at the kremlin might be unleashed Wednesday or Thursday. The nature of any such plan was cloaked in strictest secrecy, but signs pointed to a stern note demanding that Russia lift the 8 day old blockade and quit other unity-hampering tactics—or take responsibility for the consequences. The air force meanwhile stood ready to rush more cargo planes o the beleaguered German capi- Maj. Gen. Joseph M. Swing from Kyoto as saying disaster teams counted 39 bodies in Fukui. The teams treated 800 persons for injuries, 80 of whom were hospital cases. , "Based yn the figures above and the size of the area in which these casualties occurred, it is estimated at most there were 4,000 casualties, including injuries and deaths, in the entire earthquake disaster area," allied headquarters said. FINES FATHER Des Moines, (U.R)—Judge Howard Brooks imposed a $1 fine for Coal Union Faced With Court Fight Washington, (U.R) — John L. Lewis was faced Monday with the threat of a court fight over the union shop clause in his new soft coal contract. . U. S. Steel corp., and 9 other operators of the so-called "captive" coal mines are being polled on whether to bring unfair labor practice charges against Lewis with the national labor relations board. Industry sources said a decision is expected Wednesday. Harry M. Moses, chief negotiator for the steel industry, refused to sign a contract worked out by Lewis and the soft coal -operators last week because of the union shop provision. He claims it violates the Taft-Hartley labor law. Under that law, the union shop is forbidden unless a majority of em- ployes vote for it in an NLRB election. But Lewis can't petition for an election because he has refused, on principle, to sign a noncommunist affidavit which is a prerequisite. The union shop clause in Lewis new agreement stipulates that all telephone companies. The Bell System has grown to about an $8,000,000,000 plant, al most double what it was 10 year ago. The number of Bell System employes now total 675,000. Also making a long distance call at Tuesday's ceremonies was Greenland, Iceland and England. They will leave about July 7. The nearly 600-mile-an-hour fighters will be accompanied by 2 bombers, fitted out for rescue and weather reconnaissance work, and 3 transports carrying men and supplies. While in Germany, the planes will be in charge of Lt. Gen. Curtis E. Lemay, theater air force commander. The F-80's are scheduled to leave Selfridge. under direction of Col. David C. Schilling, 56th group commander and wartime 8th air force ace. They will be in Europe about 2 weeks. These jets precede by a month a 75-plane group being assigned permanently to Germany from the Panama Canal Zone. But that group, the 36th, will be ferried by water. , State department and air force sources said no diplomatic importance should be attached to the jet mission. The department gave routine clearance for the flight and an invitation was received from the British air ministry for a stopover at the royal air force base at Odiham. The air force said the flight was a 3-fold purpose: To determine feasibility of fly- jet combat planes over the al if needed to help ferry food and other urgently needed supplies to 2,500,000 residents cut off n the western zones. C-54s on Way Already some 39 giant C-54s were winging their way to Germany from as far away as Alaska and the Caribbean. An air force spokesman said no further requests for planes had Deen received from U. S. occupation authorities. But he told a reporter scores more of the transport craft were available. Meanwhile diplomatic and military officials held a fast-breaking series of conferences here and abroad which pointed to an early break in the Berlin impasse. These were the major developments: 1. Undersecretary of State Lovett conferred with President Truman Monday and later attended a white house cabinet session There was no official word on the topics under discussion, but it was learned that one of them was the Berlin situation. 2. Undersecretary of the Army William Draper and U. S. Ambassador Lewis W. Douglas went into AP Wirephoto TO LEAD JET FLIGHT TO ENGLAND—Lt. Col. David C Schilling, commander of the air force's 56th Fighter group stands beside his Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star jet airplane in which he will lead a flight of 16 F-80's to England about July 7. It will be the first trans-Atlantic flight by U. S. jet planes. ' Terms of Foreign Aid Bill Told by State Department ing Atlantic, to study supply arid operations problems involved and to conduct limited training activities in Germany. Besides the F-80's there will be a B-29 Superfort to precede the jets for weather reconnaissance, a B-17 Flying Fortress equipped for air-sea rescue in event of a forced landing and 2 4-engine C-54 and one twin-engine C-47 transports carrying supplies and maintenance men. There will be 36 officers and 56 enlisted men in the party. Washington, (U.R) partment "terms" -The state de-* Monday disclosed the which Marshall plan countries are accepting to insure that U. S. economic aid to Europe is not wasted. The announcement of the 'terms" was expected by diplomats here to signal a fresh communist propaganda blast assailing the multi-billion dollar European recovery program as "U. S. imperialism" and "rule of the dollar." Secretary of State George C. Marshall said the signing of the bilateral agreements represents "one more step in the development International Workers Out 35,000 Walk Out of 9 Company Plants Chicago, (tP) — Nine International Harvester company plants employing more than 35,000 persons were closed down Tuesday by a walkout of CIO United Farm Equipment Workers. RAF Joins in Shuttle of Supplies Planes Carry Only Fraction of Food Supplied by Rail Berlin, (IP) —The Berlin city council appealed Monday night to the United Nations to intervene in the Berlin blockade crisis. The German governing body, faced with a threat of starvation to the 2,000,000 Germans in the western zone, said U. N. action might forestall the "urgent danger to world peace." At Lake Success Colombia declared the U. N. security council should act to end the crisis. The British RAF joined the U. S air force in shuttling food to Berlin. At best, however, the planes could tote but a fraction of the 2,000 tons of food normally delivered daily over the rail line Russia had blocked. Present food stores are expected to last until the end of July or early August. Gen. Sir Brian Robertson, British military governor, denounced the soviet blockade as "ruthless inhumanity." He said the Russians are trying "to gain political advantage by an attempt to starve the helpless." Leaders Confer Robertson conferred with Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U. S. military governor, who had spent most of the day talking with William H. Draper, undersecretary of the army, and Lt. Gen. Albert C. \Ved- emeyer, U. S. army director of plans ana operations. The communist controlled socialist unity party served notice to the Berlin city council it will oppose an appeal to the U. N. as "useless and without results. The party asserted the issue should be solved here in the Moribund allied control council, from which the Russians stalked March 20. The Russians last week stopped rail service from the west through their occupation zone, which surrounds Berlin. They acted after the western allies refused then- Terms Berlin Crisis Grave But Do Not Consider War, Dewey Warns Pawling, N. \'., (/P)—Gov. Thornas E. Dewey said Tuesday the Rus- and Ireland, as other countries ! One plant, at Canton, 111., employing 3,200, was reported working. The company said it had no of the program for European recovery." President Truman Monday.— 0 - -— -- . signed the bill which puts up the report from the llth plant at foreign aid money. I Hock Falls, 111. It employs 850. The conditions were disclosed. . . with the release here of the text their negotiators met m Chicago of bilateral agreements with Ire- in efforts to work out a new con- - " ' tract to at _ _ briefly Tuesday morning, then recessed until 1 p. m. CST. The company said the recess was asked by union representatives | land and Italy. Officials said all| agreements are virtually the same. In exchange for U. S. aid, Italy I will, made: 1. Guarantees of a favorable empoyes members ''shall be, or become, of the United Mine Marshalltown Mayor Donald E. Taylor who conversed with his mother, Mrs. Emma M. Taylor, at Brainard, Minn. Installation of the 30 millionth telephone at Marshalltown brought Iowa's total telephones up to 733,035, of which 448,035 are served by the Northwestern company and the remainder by 516 independently-owned companies in the state. Iowa continues to rank foremost of the states in rural telephones with 87 per cent of its farms having telephone service. Larson Reports $151 in Campaign Expenses Des Moines, (fP) —Attorney General Robert L. Larson reported Tuesday he received $125 in contributions and spent $151.40 in his unopposed candidacy for the republican nomination for his office. He told the secretary of state's office the contributions came from the "Larson for Attorney General Club." The largest item of expenditure in his primary election campaign was $50.89 for stationery. London huddle with Britain's Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin. Draper then flew to Berlin to join Lt. Gen. A. C. Wedemeyer of the U. S. general staff for conferences with the American commander, Gen. Lucius D. Clay. sian blockade of the American British and French sectors of Berlin constitutes "a grave situation." economic climate for European re- T h e republican presidential covery—by adopting necessary nominee told a news conference measures to establish financial at his farm here that he had been stability, increase trade and es- discussing the Berlin crisis with tablish a valid rate of currency John Foster Dulles, his foreign af- exchange. They promise also to total 2. Special concessions to the 1 Pullman Asked if he" thought the situa- ! u. S.—agreed to submit to the in- I Tractor fairs advisor, "twice a day nowjp rom pte production, for several days. 1 ' alter the company made new contract proposals. The company reported an early showed these plants | down by the strike: ( Works, Chicago, West 3,700; 6,200; dictate that only the Russian occupation currency be valid in Berlin The Russians also were angered by the western powers decision to establish a separate government in western Germany. Governors Meet The U. S., British and French military governors will meet with German officials Wednesday at Frankfurt to discuss the groundwork for the western German regime. , W Averell Harriman, ambassador for the European recovery program, arrived in Berlin Tuesday night for conferences with Clay on ERP aid to western Germany. He said the trip had no relation to the crisis caused by the soviet blockade. The British commander, den. Sir Brian Robertson, made his denunciation at a meeting of the Ge-man zonal advisory council iployment 7,800; Works, Chicago, Works, Chicago, tion might lead- to war, said: "We must not even such possibilities. Dewey | ternational court at the Hague any I claims by U. S. nationals arising! consider | f ron \ governmental measures in I their countries; to guarantee the] Workers," except in certain classifications. The steel companies could appeal to Robert N. Denham, general counsel of the labor board, to seek a federal court injunction io stop Lewis from putting such a provision into effect until the full board rules on it. Government labor experts said the threatened legal battle on the union shop points up a rapidly- overtime parking orT?Attorney I developing national labor crisis George P. Brooks, his father. ' over union security. Col fax Boy Chosen 4-H Short Course President Ames, (/P)—Ralph Bond of Colfax was elected president of the annual 4-H short course at Iowa State college Tuesday. Other officers elected were Ronald Paasch, Walnut, vice president; Floyd Peters, Bellevue, secretary-treasurer; and Elyin Larson, West Branch, historian. Business in Iowa Slumps During May Iowa City, (U.R)—Iowa business slumped somewhat during May, the Iowa Business Digest reported Tuesday. The University of Iowa publication said that, .compared with April, May bank debits were down 2 per cent; building permits 19 per cent; employment 1 per cent; life insurance sales 6 per cent, and industrial payrolls 2 per cent. A 1 per cent rise was recorded for farm product prices. However, the Iowa business level for the first 5 months of this year was considerably higher than it was during 'the corresponding period of 1947, the Digest said. For the 5-month period, it reported bank debits in 11 cities up 7 per cent; non-residential building permits 60 per cent; residential building permits 74 per cent; employment 4 per cent; industrial payrolls 15 per cent, and farm product prices 11 per cent, compared to a 15 per cent rise in prices paid by fanners. However, life insurance sales dipped 6 per cent and farm income 5 per cent, the publication reported. Gov. Dewey was asked for com- convertibility into dollars of new 950; Auburn, N. Y., 2,200; East Moline, 111., 3,700; Richmond, Ind., 1 800; Rock Island, 111., 5,000; Louisville, Ky., 5,500. ment on the Russian split with private American investments in \s*i • f*'.-! W/f Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia. their countries; to make arrange- V_lflnOn lain nil "I should like to see more of the men t s whereby the U. S. can ob- ~ , C,,/*orc details before I comment," he tain critical materials needed for V-ur, jUITers said, adding "When the commun- stockpiling. t n n4 .L. I Ofic nnr t Arm ists fall apart, I am always a little 3 An agreement, in an exchange Or DOtfl l_egi Uiiu AU in dubious." . of separate notes, to grant most- clarion—Anna Marie Rasmus- Seated next to Dewey was his | f av ored-nation trade treatment to [ <.p. n i% was i n Mercy hospital at running mate, Gov. Earl Warren u g occup j e a areas including Gcr- Mason ' City Tuesday with frac- - ~ ,.,.„_._ many, Japan, Korea and Trieste. | turcc j ] e ft arm and left leg and a I compound fracture of the righ lee She was struck by a car as she °" . .1 ___!' f« n «4- rt of California. Warren, accompanied by his wife and 3 daughters, came here from New York Tuesday to confer with Dewey on campaign plans. Warren remained silent during the news conference. Dewey carried the ball. The New York governor said: "We had no chance to have any conversation in peace at Philadelphia and we want to get together here for a good thorough conversation which we will do Tuesday afternoon and evening. Warren and his family will return to California from New York City next Saturday afternoon. Queen Alexandria Feeds Child Found in Ash Can New York, (U.R) — A foundling baby abandoned in an ash can a few hours after birth drank his lunch Monday in the arms of a queen. Queen Alexandria of Yugoslavia was on a tour of the New York foundling hospital when she fed one of the 299 homeless children in the ward. Yugoslav Reds Give Answer to Cominform Belgrade, (U.R)—The Yugoslav communist party Tuesday night replied to the denunciation of the cominform by 'describing the charges made against Marshal Tito and other Yugoslav leaders ar> "unfounded" and "onesided." Apparently defying Russia and the other G soviet satellites, the Yugoslav communist answer to the cominform appealed to all Yugoslav communists to support the Tito regime. was crossing the road in front o I her home 5 miles south of her early Monday evening. As her mother, Mrs. John D Rasmussen, watched from th yard, Miss Rasmussen got out o one car and crossed the road di rectly in the path of one drive by Albert Bierl. The impact threv her into the ditch. or the British zone at Hamburg His strong language indicated e probably had received a rebuff rom the Russians on his demand f last Saturday that they lift immediately their transport embargo on Berlin or take blame for tarting 2,000,000 Berliners of the vestern occupation sectors. Condemn Effort "The people of the world will condemn unhesitatingly this effort to gain political advantage by an attempt to starve the helpless," he asserted. Frau Louise Schroeder. Berlins socialist lord mayor, said the city government had decided the United Nations was "the only institution to which Berlin can appeal in its present distress." She said the note as drafted could "not be considered an affront to any of the occupying is president o the'wi-ight county 4-H gids clubs. MAIL TO ISRAEL Washington, (U.R)—The postoffice department has begun regular air mail service to Israel. The^ rate is 25 cents a half ounce. Letters may weigh up to 4 pounds 6 ounces, but they must not contain merchandise. SAME DATE—1947—233 (Whtt* ttac ••*•• •• trattto powers"—meaning Russia. Secretary-General Trygve Lie of the United Nations was reported m Lake Success Monday night to be studying whether to present the Berlin situation to the security council. The Russians, meanwhile, acknowledged that they are being pinched by their own blockade. The soviet-controlled press announced that emergency imports of 36,000 tons of hard coal are being rushed in from Poland. These imports are designed to make up for the loss of Ruhr coal from western Germany, which is cut off from Berlin by the soviet clampdown on rail transport from the west. A British spokesman said it might be necessary to parachute food into the city if air traffic gets too heavy for British and American airfields to handle.

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