The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on August 31, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Saturday, August 31, 1974
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DalluJournal lOlstYEAR NO. 205 FERGUS FALLS,MINNESOTA 56537 SATURDAY, AUGUST 31, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc Amnesty proposal presented to Ford WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger and Atty. Gen. William B. Saxbe proposed today that Vietnam war draft evaders and deserters spend up to 18 months in public service jobs as a condition for return to U.S. society. The two Cabinet officers also recommended to President Ford in a nearly two-hour White House conference that such deserters and draft dodgers make a formal "reaffirmation of allegiance to the United States." NEW CLASSROOM BUILDING - Construction is finished on a new classroom • laboratory - office facility at the Fergus Falls Community College. Located at the north side of the campus and connected by two corridors to the present science-dassroom building, the new addition will include a physics laboratory, chemistry and biology facilities including a plant and animal room, a medical technology laboratory, classroom and laboratory for practical nursing, general purpose classroom, faculty offices, secretarial space, and a maintenance and receiving area. At right, Hal Collins, dean of students, stands in one of the new classrooms. The new addition was completed in time for the beginning of the 1974-75 school year. (Journal photos by Harley Oyloe) Train crash kills 150 in Yugoslavia ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (AP) — An express train flipped over at the entrance to the Zagreb railroad station after passing a red signal light Friday night and an estimated 150 passengers were killed, officials reported today. The engineer, his assistant and the switchman were arrested on suspicion they caused the accident by neglect. An investigating commission said the train, carrying vacationing Yugoslav workers, was traveling between 49.7 and 55.9 miles an hour when the disaster occurred. It said the first signal was out of order, but the main signal was working and showed red. It said the engineer went through the red light and entered the switches at too high a speed. Dr. Zora Stajduhar, a member of the medical team working on the disaster — reported to be the worst in Yugoslavia's history — said as many as 30 to 50 more victims might be buried under the wreckage. Cash flow a problem for Nixon LOS ANGELES (AP) — Former President Richard M. Nixon should be able to live a financially comfortable life by rearranging his assets, including disposing of either his Key Biscayne, Fla., or San Clemente, Calif., home, his tax accountant says. "It is a cash flow problem which is correctable through rearrangement of the various assets Mr. Nixon owns," accountant Arthur Blech said in an interview here Friday. "His is a problem normally encountered by persons whose situation in life has changed. 1 consider it a problem of rearranging his assets, possibly disposing of some of them." Blech said it would be unthinkable financially for Nixon to maintain both his San Clemente and Key Biscayne homes. The Nixons have been living in virtual seclusion at San Clemente since his resignation. "I categorically deny any suggestion that the President is broke," Blech said, responding to a report from Nixon's financial attorney that Nixon had a cash flow problem. The Los Angeles Times in an interview published Friday- quoted Dean S. Butler, a Los Angeles attorney who handles Nixon's personal financial affairs, as saying that "I won't say it's too much of an exaggeration" to say that Nixon is broke and that "his financial picture is uncertain and un- dcar." More than 150 persons were said to have been injured. It was not known how many cars were derailed, and railway officials could not estimate the number of passengers aboard. Investigators arrested the engineer, his assistant and the station switchman, but no charges were filed. Yugoslav law permits detention without charge during an investigation. Tanjug, the Yugoslavian press agency, said the cause of the disaster had not been determined. An official announcement was expected later today. Survivors said the train was traveling at about 65 miles per hour when the coaches flipped 300 yards from the station. One witness said the train ran into the station like a torpedo. Officials said identification would be difficult on many victims because they were badly disfigured. Cranes were put to work this morning to lift chunks of debris. Rescue workers cut through the steel and wood to get to buried victims. The scene of the disaster was littered this morning with parts of human bodies and luggage. Police cordoned off the area, and special teams were put to work to identify the bodies. It was the worst rail disaster in Yugoslavia's history, according to the press agency. The train originally was reported to be the Athens-to-Dortmund, West Germany Hellas Express. But a railway spokesman said this morning in Belgrade, 300 miles southeast of Zagreb, it was a special express train from Belgrade to Dortmund. They presented a six-page joint memorandum to Ford, who took it under'study. The memorandum was presented 12 days after Ford made a surprise suggestion that draft dodgers and deserters from the Vietnam period should be allowed to earn their way back. Representatives of such men living in Canada have said they want unconditional amnesty, contending that they acted out of conscience and shoult not be penalized. Schlesinger and Saxbe estimated there are some 28,300 deserters and draft dodgers potentially eligible, about 4,500 of them living in Canada. They noted in their memorandum that recent public opinion polls "indicate that a substantial majority of Americans favor some form of amnesty" and that most of these support conditional rather than blanket amnesty. In suggesting a term of public service of up to 18 months, Schlesinger and Saxbe proposed that such terms could be reduced in specific cases because of individual circumstances. They suggested that the type of service be in line with that used in the conscientious objec- tor program, concerned with the "national health, safety or interest." "It should include jobs or service in hospitals, schools, ecology and other community or charitable organizations," tlwy said. An evader who successfully completes such alternate service would receive a certificate and draft evasion charges then would be dropped by the Justice Department. A returning deserter would receive an undesirable discharge from the armed forces and after his alternate service that discharge would be marked "with an appropriate legend to indicate fulfillment of his commitment." But apparently the undesirable discharge would not be upgraded. Neither the deserter nor the draft dodger would be eligible for veterans' benefits. Schlesinger and Saxbe suggested that the government start accepting applications 30 days after the program is proclaimed by the President and that they be given up to 120 days to make that move. Also taking part in the Cabinet room meeting with the President were presidential ad- visers John Marsh, Robert T. Hartman and White House attorney Philip Buchen. Martin Hoffman, general counselor for the Defense Department, and Laurence Silberman, deputy attorney general, also sat in. "The President will not let a lot of grass grow" before making up his mind on the amnesty issue, said presidential Press Secretary Jerald F. terHorst. Although terHorst said that it will be "rather a short period" before a decision is reached, no announcement is expected over the holiday weekend. The two Cabinet officers coordinated Justice Department proposals for some 14,000 draft dodgers subject to civilian law and Defense Department recommendations for about 28,000 deserters under military jurisdiction. The President scheduled an afternoon golf date at nearby Burning Tree in Maryland then arranged to go by helicopter to the presidential retreat at Camp David. He will interrupt his holiday Monday to return to the White House to sign landmark pension legislation, appropriately on Labor Day. Religion not a factor, says Regent Andersen American Army deserter returned to Canadian soil PEACE ARCH INTERNATIONAL PARK (AP) Ronald J. Anderson is back on his adopted Canadian soil and the American Army deserter vows never to return to the United States "until I'm sure there's amnesty." "It's a great thing to know .that a nation of 20 million people is behind you," Anderson said after crossing the border into the land he now calls home and the arms of his wife, Marion. He was released late Friday after spending a week in the stockade at Ft. Lewis, Wash., awaiting court-martial on charges of being absent without official leave. His freedom came after a formal protest and a request for his return by the Canadian government. Anderson had been arrested last Saturday by U.S. border guards at this heavily traveled crossing in an incident American officials later admitted occurred "a few yards over the Canadian border." After that admission on Thursday, Canada asked for Anderson's return. On Friday, the U.S. State Department said it had granted Canada's request. Anderson, 31, said he learned about 2 p.m. he would be released. Less than five hours later he was free in Canada, where he has landed-immigrant status. He plans to apply for Canadian citizenship in another month. "I'll never go back until I know it's safe," Anderson said. "Even though the attitude in the United States might be softening, you know the military is. going to continue to enforce the law the way it sees it." Asked if an amnesty declaration would bring many American deserters or draft-evaders back, he said, "I don't think so. I think it would be used mainly for visits. I wouldn't go back to live. Anyway, President Ford will probably declare unconditional amnesty for everyone except Ronald Anderson." Anderson was driven the 150 miles from Ft. Lewis to the U.S.-Canadian border by Ray Anderson, the Canadian coun- sul-general in Seattle, who said he was informed he had to pick up his man only an hour before taking custody. "The U.S. reaction was actually extremely rapid," he said. Consul-General Anderson called the arrest a "inappropriate apprehension" and a violation of Canadian sovereignty. . "What happened was that a number of people felt they had found someone and were going to apprehend him," the consul said. He said he was sure U.S. guards hadn't intended to violate Canadian territory. Anderson, a carpenter in Mission, B.C., said he had learned while being held at Ft. Lewis that members of his union local had collected money to help gain his release. An Army report to the State Department said Anderson had been absent without leave for 10 months when he was captured and court-martialed in October 1968. Anderson escaped from the Ft. Lewis stockade again that November and fled to Canada. He said he had crossed back into the United States several tunes to visit his mother, Betty Peterson of Poulsbo, Wash. On Saturday, however, customs officials checked his Canadian license plate through the U.S. National Crime Information computer system. Continued on page 10 MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — University of Minnesota Board of Regents Chairman Elmer L. Andersen has denied that religious considerations were a factor in selection of a new university president last spring. Andersen told a reporter late Friday, "I categorically deny the conclusion that C. Peter Magrath was not the first choice of the board and that religious considerations entered into the decision." But he did acknowledge that "one or two" regents may have inquired about the religious affiliation of David Saxon during WEATHER FERGUS fALLS AREA Cloudy and cool today through Sunday with chance of occasional showers. Scattered frost likely tonight. Highs today and Sunday 50s. Lows tonight upper 20s to low 30s. Winds northwest 15 to 32 mph today diminishing tonight. Chance of rain 30 per cent today through Sunday. High Friday 66 Overnight Low 43 At 8 a.m. 44. At noon 58 Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today, .02. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 80. Minimum 69. a closed meeting of the board April 5. Meantime, Regent L.J. I/ee of Bagley said he opposed Saxon's candidacy on religious grounds. "I think anyone who heads an institution like ours should have affiliation with some church or some faith," said Lee, who also said he opposed Saxon because he didn't believe the California educator was sufficiently interested in developing the oulstate campuses or the university's agriculture program. Saxon is vice chancellor at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA). According to Lee, Saxon said, "As you know I'm a Jew, but I don't belong to anything." Controversy swirled around the procedure for selecting a new university president after the St. Paul Dispatch reported in a copyright story Friday that Saxon was defeated in favor of C. Peter Magrath because of religion. The article said Saxon, who is of the Jewish faith, was the first choice of the university's regents. However il was alleged Saxon was ultimately defeated on the basis of his religious background by Magralh, who is an Episcopalian. Regent George Rauenhorst of Olivia said the religion question came up several times in the April 5 meeling. He also confirmed Saxon was a 7-5 favorite at that meeling, but was not confirmed because the regents had agreed that their choice would have to gain two-thirds support. Rauenhorst said Magrath subsequently got that support for the $60,000 a year Job. Identification, awareness prevent burglaries By PHILIP HAGE City Editor Statistics show that the number of burglaries in Otter Tail County has not increased appreciably from 1973 to 1974, but Undersheriff Glen Melby is not relaxing. "Burglaries are always increasing," Melby said recently. "During 1973 there were 374 burglaries reported in the county, for a total of $76,997 in stolen property. During the first eight months of 1974, there have been 214 residence and 61 business burglaries, for a total of $49,318 in stolen property." This year, county burglaries are running about 73 per cent of the total number last year. In order to combat burglaries in the county, the O'tcr Tail County Sheriff's Department is participating in the National Sheriff's Association "Neighborhood Watch" anti-burglary campaign, designed to provide home and business owners tips to prevent burglaries. The National Sheriff's Association says burglary is a relatively safe crime to commit. Nationwide, law agencies solve only 19 per cent of burglaries committed. The success ratio is higher in the county. Most of the burglaries in the county occur at seasonal cottages or abandoned or temporarily vacant farms, according to Melby. Most county burglaries are not planned and generally do not involve a ring of professional, organized thieves. A typical burglary is a crime of opportunity — two or more persons drive around the rural areas, scouting for vacant farm or lake cottages, Melby said. If they ascertain that no one is home and the house or outbuildings may contain valuable property, they simply break open a lock or window and enter. Uke cottages are easy prey for this type of operation, Melby says, because they often contain sporting goods, tools, antiques or small appliances — items that are easily removed and that are not likely to be easily identified. In addition, in isolated county areas, burglars can enter a house at their leisure, virtually assured they will be undiscovered. Burglaries of this variety are difficult to solve because there are rarely witnesses to the crime, and the crime itself may not be discovered and reported until several days or even months after it has been committed. "A lot of time there is no physical evidence to work from" — fingerprints, tire tracks, or identifiable burglary tools left behind, Melby said. "Burglars know there's a tot of stuff in lake cottages that is not readily identifiable. They know if cottage owner isn't home Monday morning they'll have three or four days to get away." In some cases, burglaries may be perpetrated by persons who do not live in the area but who are just passing through. Burglaries committed by transients are praticularly difficult to solve since the criminal may be several hundred miles away by the time the crime is discovered. Melby mentioned a recent case involving thieves who GLF.N MELBY broke into a rural gas station lo steal tires and automotive supplies to replace worn items on their car. The thieves were passing through from the east to Ihe west coast. In another recent case, two persons from Florida broke into a Perham home after noticing antiques through a window. In many cases, several burglaries that appear to be unrelated are committed by a group of persons over a short period of time. If a suspect is arrested and admits to one burglary, deputies may find the suspect also committed others. Frequently, after a suspect has been arrested following a rash of burglaries, further breakins cease. Melby noted that very few burglars escape eventual discovery. Ixiw enforcement efforts lp solve crimes have been aided by Operation Identification ami a national crime information computer Continued on p;iRi'10 Otter Tail County Sheriff ] Carlton Mortensen; describes Operation! Identification as a j "deterrent" to burglary j and a positive means of; identifying stolen property. I Homeowners may 1 borrow an electric j engraving pen from the \ • Sheriff's office to inscribe j \ an identifying number on ! :personal property. Thej • Sheriff's office has 18 such j 't- engravers. The number] ^identifies the city, county j and state, the law en- j forcement agency, and the ;| ,f property owner. The j? 3 property owner keeps the |- f. number in a safe place. If ^ the item is later stolen, the -J number may be given to t; police to aid recovery. '•, A small sticker also is S attached to each identified '{ piece of property, in--: ! dicating the meaning of the ; . number. A large sticker is placed on doors of the ;.'• home, indicating the y. properly inside is num- •'• bered for identification. Several county community groups have purchased their own engravers. Engravers also /are available from the ; ; Fergus Falls Police I Department. • Undersheriff Glen Melby would like to try an experiment to prove the ef- ; fecliveness of Operation ", Identification. Melby ,-, would like all the property '• owners en any area lake to mark their valuable property with engraving pen. Thf. Sheriff's office would 'hen compare the incidence of burglaries at that lake against the number of burglaries during previous years, anil against burglaries at other area lakes. Melby is confident the incidence of burglaries at the participating lake would be considerably lower.

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