BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 78 Siytbeville Courier BlythevUle Daily Newi MlnlHlppl Valley Leader Blythevlll* Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI i*, Angry Communists Want PW's Penned Rhee's Action Is Protested But Armistice Not Ruled Out By The Associated Press MUNSAN (AP) — The Reds today angrily told the Allies if the U.N. wants a truce it must control South Korea's rebellious government and recapture 26,000 anti-Red war prisoners freed by President Syngman Rhee. BLYTHKVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 1953 ! Although the Communists pro-* • tested violently at Rhee's arbitrary tction, they did not rule -out an ; armistice. But their terms appeared near Impossible—the Korean prisoners have melted into the countryside : with Rhee's blessing and the split between South Korea and the U. N. Command apparently was growing deeper. South Korea's acting prime minister, Y. T. Pyun, made public a letter to Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. commander, demanding freedom for 9,000 anti-Reds left in Allied stockades. It was written Thursday, a few hours after the first big break. £, Pyun said Rhee does not regard Vrecent prisoner-exchange terms "equally binding on us" and ; warned Clark bluntly against "say| ing or doing anything that might \ likely provoke passions of the (Ko- '' rean) masses, which once let loose may easily go out of control." Blistering Letter I At almost the same time, Clark made public a letter written the i same day blistering Rhee, and ac; custag him of breaking recent as- 1 surances that South Korea would make no arbitrary moves without consulting Clark. Rhee's action has cracked the unity of the Allies and the Reds made the most of it. The Communists listed their demands in a letter handed to the Allied truce delegation in a 25-minute meeting at Panmunjom. Addressed directly to Clark, it ended: "We are awaiting the reply of your side." The Allied delegates made no answer and the meeting recessed indefinitely at Communist request, subject to call by either side. (In Washington, U. S. officials had no comment, but said they 5 expected a strong protest.) In their letter, the Reds warned ominously, "Your side must bear the serious responsibility for this Incident," and asked a series of blunt questions: "Is the United Nations Command able to control the South Korean government and army? "If not, does the armistice in Korea include the Syngman Rhee clique? "If it is not included, what assurance is there for the implementation of the armistice agreement on the part of South Korea? "If it is included, then your side must be responsible for recovering immediately , all the 25,952 prisoners of war who are at liberty . . . and your side must give assurance that similar incidents will n9t recur in the future." 36 More The Red total did not include 36 wlgo escaped Friday night and Sat urday. The Reds repeated their charges that the Allies must have known • beforeand of te release anc therefore "connived" in the escapes. The letter was signed by Kim H Sung. North Korean Premier, and Red Chinese Gen. Peng Teh- huai. An Allied spokesman said North Korean Gen. Nam II read the let- See REDS on Page 8 Rhee's Stock Sinks Swiftly Among Solons U.S. Legislators Doubt Security Pact Would Pass EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Wounded Boy's Condition Some Condition of Lloyd Stanflll, Jr., 16-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Stanflll, Sr., of Osceola, was reported as still serious by attendants at Baptist Hospital in Memphis where the youth is recovering from an accidental bullet wound. The boy was wounded Thursday afternoon near Jacksonville landing when Edward Williams, 16, son of Mr. and Mrs. B. Frank Williams, handed him a target pistol which the boys thought had been emptied. The bullet entered youth's back. the Staniill Spy Case Bomb Threats Fizzle WASHINGTON «l — The Supreme Court and two Washington newspaper buildings went unscathed last night despite anonymous threats by telephone to blow them up. One call was received by t h e Times-Herald yesterday about 10 minutes after the Supreme Court ruled against a stay in the Rosenberg case. "If your paper doesn't stop calling for the death of the Rosen- bergs, we are going to plant a bomb under your paper' and Wow you higher than hell," saw a man's distinct voice. "And If the Supreme Court rules against them, the same thing will happen to th« oourt." By JACK BELL WASHINGTON i« — President Syngman Rhee's stock has sunk iwiftly among U. s. legislators and some express doubt that Congress would approve any mutual security pact with his South Korean government despite the outcome of truce negotiations. Sen. Magnuson (D-Wash), just back from a Far Eastern inspection trip, joined today in mounting congressional criticism of Rhee for freeing 25,000 prisoners from United Nations camps. Much comment was critical, but Rhee had defenders also in Congress. Previously, Sen. George (D-Ga), a Senate Foreign Relations Committee member, talked of the possibility of ousting Rhee, saying he had "practically scuttled" truce hopes unless the Communists want a cease-fire badly. At Panmunjorn. the Communists asked for an indefinite recess in the armistice negotiations, dealing a blow to hopes for a prompt truce. They also demanded recovery of the freed North Korean prisoners and asked whether the U. N. was "able to control the South Korean government and army." The Korean ambassador was not invited yesterday when Secretary of State Dulles called a meeting of representatives of United Nations countries'having forces in Korea. The secretary and the diplomats conferred about 35 minutes. It was understood they discussed the truce situation and South Korea's action, but there was no comment afterward. To Confer With Rhee • It'was learned, however, the ambassadors were told that Walter S. Robertson, assistant secretary of state for the Par East, will fly to Korea soon at Rhee's invitation to confer with him. Dulles reportedly gave the ambassadors assurance the V. s. government and U. N. Command were going ahead with plans for a truce as soon action. Mognuson. East Germany Is Said Torn by Strife, Riots Russians Are Tamping Dynamite, American General Maintains By DAN DE LUCE ——~ BERLIN (AP) — East Germany's leading Communist newspaper admitted today the Soviet zone is rocked by strikes and disorders and a U. S. general declared the Russians are trying to "tamp down dynamite." AUXILIARY SHOP OPENS — Blytheville's Jun- School for Exceptional Children, school milk fund, ior Auxiliary today opened its Thrift Shop at 313 S. Second. Profits from the sale of second-hand clothing and household articles will help finance the group's child welfare projects, which include the Lange eye testing in elementary schools and public library's story hour. Serving as salesladies above are Mrs. I. R. Coleman, shop chairman, Mrs. W. T. Rainwater and Mrs. Don Smith, (Courier News Photo). Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Go to Their Deaths with Calm By REDMAN MORIN SING SING PRISON, Ossining, N. Y. (AP) — Julius Rosenberg a n d his wife, Ethel walked quietly to the electric chair last night and were executed for the crime of delivering to Soviet Russia the secrets of the atomic bomb. Neither of the condemned spies talked, nor attempted to talk, as the last moments came. Both entered the death chamber in Sing Sing Prison—only a few moments apart—with a firm step and a stony face. They were executed shortly before sunset, so that the grim task would be finished before the beginning of the Jewish Sabbath. It was the day after their 14th wedding anniversary. ' . They were the first, h^'^rnjjiiasv^ convicts in the history "at the united States to be executed for espionage. At the hour of retribution, crowds gathered, demonstrating, in New York, London and Paris. Hysterical sympathizers, scream ing and crying, on is located, the nighfc was quiet. Heavy details of police and state troopers, guarding temporary barricades, met no demonstrators. Together Last Day The Rosenbergs spent most of their last day together. Warden Denno s^> noon to id they ' p.,.-. F vom about t.... women's wing; of the pr-ison. They were separated by a«vire screen. The partjf of official witnesses BJ'Sred tl^Tjleath. chamber a few (EST). It is i T square'" : r3blS. Bthind'tlie electric chair was a white, wheeled table. In front were four rows of benches, like pews in a church. The room was heavy with silence. Prom overhead, the lights milled around a 1 beamed on the electric chair, speaker's stand in New York's A moment later, a voice was Union Square. heard in the corridor leading in But in Ossining, where the pris-1 from the death chamber. It was low but distinct. Then Rabbi Irving Koslows entered, praying. He was intoning the words of the 23rd Psalm . . . "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want." Rosenberg was a step behind him. It was about 7:02 (EST). Their executions were so arranged that husband and wife would not know when the other yVent down the corridor. Had Eth- «.;Rosenbeig gone first, she would passed her hueband's cell. Face BUnk Rosenberg, 35, wore dark brown trousers, a white undershirt with short sleeves, and low slippers without heels. His face was a blank. His eyes appeared not to see any of the people in the room nor any of its details. But he turned, without guid- Se« ROSENBERG Paje 8 * * * Ike to Have EPT Showdown By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower arrang ed a face-to-face showdown today with Rep. Reed (R-NY) chief congressional foe of the President's plea to extend th< excess profits tax. Under present law, the tax ex-f pires in 10 days. Reed is chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, the group that normally must start tax bills through Congress. But so far he has not agreed even to call his committee together for a vote on the President's jroposal, a stern test of Eisen- lower's leadership in Congress. Re- New Page in U.S. History — possible despite Rhee'e who conferred with Rhee in Korea said he thinks the South Korean President's action "gives the Communists a perfect out if they want to take it." He added, however, that "if the Communists have any desire for peace at all," he thought they would be "suckers" not to accept the truce terms of the United Na- See RHEE on Page 8 FirstTime Nation Has ExecutedSpies By GEORGE CARNELL NEW YORK (AP) — American history contained a new page today • cution by the federal government of a civilian for either spying or treason. • the first exe- Down through its 177 years, the nation has jailed many branded as traitors. But not until the atomic spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg walked to the electric chair last night had any civilian citizen ever been put to death for such a cause. "From a historical viewpoint." said Historian Allan Nevins, "this is a case -that will be long remembered." Accidental Gun Shot Wounds Woman Here Mrs. Earlen Coalter of Blytheville was recovering in Walls Hospital here today from a gunshot wound suffereo wnen a gun kept in a closet discharged yesterday while she was hanging up clothes. Her condition was listed as improved today. Members of the family quoted Mrs. Coalter as saying she was hanging clothes in a closet at the Vlax Koonce residence, 417 East Rose, when a gun laying on a shelf accidentally discharged. The gun belonged to Max Koonce, a member of the Police Department. Mrs. Coalter is his sister-in-law. The bullet struck Mrs.,Coalter in the chest. Man Charged With AssaultBond: $5,000 OSEOLA—A 23-year-old Memphis insurance salesman Is being held in County jail here charged with assault with intent to rape a 16-year- old Osceola girl, the sheriff's office revealed today. Adron Harvey Lents of Memphis Is'charged with attempting to rape the girl here Thursday night. Lents was arrested here yesterday and is being held with bond set at $5.000. No preliminary hearing Is plai.ned Prosecuting Attorney H. O. Partlow said. , Who were the accused betrayers out of America's past, and what was their fate? Here is a chronological account of some of the notable cases, beginning with the Revolutionary War: . Maj. Gen. Charles Lee. second in command of George Washington's Continental Army, plotted to aid the British. His punishment: relief from his command. Not until later was his full treachery revealed. Benedict Arnold Gen. Benedict Arnold, who made an abortive deal with the British to surrender the fort at West Point, fled to the British side, was paid $18,000, and given a British command. ' David Bradford, leader of Pennsylvania's violent 1794 "Whiskey Rebellion' against a federal whiskey tax, escaped capture. Two underlings were sentenced to hang for treason, but were pardoned. Matthew Lyon of Vermont, one of hundreds arrested 1 for sedition under the harsh Allen and Sedition Laws of 1798 to 1800, was elected to Congress as a hero while still in jail. The laws were repealed. John Pries, who in 1799 led a 140-man uprising against a tax on houses in Pennsylvania, was sentenced to hang for treason, but was pardoned after popular sentiment rose 'for him. Burr Acultted Aaron Burr, one-time vice president who killed Alexander Hamilton In a duel, plotted with England and Spain to set up a separate empire in the Southwest. Tried for treason, he was acquitted. Full details of his conspiracy came out years later. In the Mexican War, there was open defiance. Author James Russell Lowell advised soldiers to mutiny rnther than light. Henry Thoreau called for revolution, refused to pay lines, »nd wa* Jailed, Thousands of American soldiers 4 joined the Mexican side and fought their own country. Of 80 of these caught, some were executed by a military court. Joseph Smith, leader of the savagely persecuted mormons, was charged with treason in both Illinois and Missouri, and finally murdered by a mob while in jail. John Brown, who led the unsuccessful 1859 raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Perry to capture arms and free slaves, was See SPIES Page 8 /* Was Cooler Yesterday Than It Was Thursday — By One Hot Little Degree It was a little cooler here yesterday than it was Thursday. However, if you didn't notice much difference, don't worry about it. Yesterday's high was 102 degrees —one degree lower than Thursday's 103, the season's peak temperature to date. The forecast? Continued hot and humid today with possible scattered thundershowers. Tomorrow: cooler—maybe. New Delhi Papers Blast at Rhee NEW DELHI, India «•) — Newspapers in this Indian capital clamored today for strong U. N. action to control South Korean President Syngman Rhee. Several questioned whether India should agree to serve as a member of the prospective Korean truce commission. Referring to the South Korean release of anti-Communist North Korean prisoners, the government Hindustan Times declared: "The United Nations Command cannot afford to let this open challenge to Its authority go unchallenged. The situation calls for swift decisive action." publican congressional leaders have ndicated confidence the commit- ,ee, if called, would vote to brini .he bill to the floor, and that Congress then would enact it. The President invited Reed to ,he White House today in an ef- ort to break the roadblock. Appeal Informed sources said Eisenhow- >r would make a direct, personal .ppeal to the committee chairman o convene his committee for ote on the issue. There was no indication whether Reed would yield. Reed, oldest Re- ublican in continuous service in he House, has never said he would efuse to bring the tax extension i a vote. Nor has he said when • whether he would do so. GOP leaders apparently have ade little headway in their ef- orts to persuade the determined ew Yorker. Elsenhower urged a six-months xtension of the unpopular tax in special message to Congress more than a month ago. The ways and means committee concluded hearings one week ago today. Reed has insisted the tax prevents business growth, and hence revenue which would be raised by letting it die on schedule. Accident Hearing Hawaii Faces Another Tieup Red Stevedores Quitting in Protest To Court Action By WILLIAM J. WAUGH HONOLULU (f! — Hawaii's 28,000 dock and plantation workers threatened a mass protest, walkout today following the conviction of longshore labor leader Jack Hall and six co-defendants on charges of conspiring to teach and advocate violent overthrow of the government. Stevedores began quitting their Jobs less than an hour after the racially-mixed, all-male jury turned its verdict yesterday. Eleven ships were tied up late afternoon. by Union sources Indicated sugar and pineapple plantation workers would follow the longshoremen and unconfirmed report,? said some had already left their jobs. Hall is Hawaii regional director of Harry Bridges' International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, which embraces the dock and plantation workers. Those convicted With him were: Charles K. Fujimoto, former soil chemist and present chairman of the Communist party in Hawaii; Pujimoto's wife, Eileen, a union stenographer; Dwight Jnmes Freeman, a construction worker; Joji Ariyoshl, editor of the weekly lewspaper Honolulu Record; Jack D. Kimoto, Honolulu Record em- ploye; and John E. Relnecke, former schoolteacher. All seven were freed on their present $7,500 bail despite govern- ie doubled. Preliminary hearing of Involun-1 merit protests it should bi tary manslaughter charges against j Federal Judge Jon Wiig did not -'-- 1 -- 1 - «"---i - • S et a date for sentencing, but referred the case to the probation of- POW Release Asked SEOUL (/P)—South Korea's acting Prime Minister has demanded that Gen. Mark Clark Immediately release some 9,000 anti-Communist still in Allied " we must lib- Korean prisoners stockades because erate them all." Marshal p. Wheat. 700 West Park was held in Municipal Court th, morning. The case was taken under advise ment by Judge Graham Sudburj who continued the action till Tues day. Charges arose following an ace; dent on Highway 18 between Armo rel and Barfield June 6 which re suited in the death of Sandy New tern. Negro, of Armorel. The pickup tnirk driven by Mr Wheat struck the Negro as he walk ed along the highway, officers ported. Testifying at the hearing wer witnesses to the accident, Mr. am Mrs. John F. German of Barfielc and Deputy Sheriff Charles Short. Also continued until Tuesday wa an embezzling charge against Howard Brown. John Hart entered a plea of guilty to charges of driving while Intoxicated and was fined $100 and sentenced to one day in Jail. An ap peal was granted with bond set at $150. John Deck, forfeited bond of $31.25 for having an Improper license and Marvin Lee Doty pleaded guilty to charges ot carrying a pistol as a weapon. He was fined $50 and cosls Bridge Work Gets Under Way as Program Of Shifting Highway 61 in Missouri Begins Work on a long-range construction program for re-surfacing and relocating Highway 61 In Southeast Missouri north of the Arkansas-Missouri state line has begun, with Improvement of bridges on the present highway as the first step in actual build- Ing. Bids let thus far have been mostly for preliminary work on the highway, an official, of the Missouri state Highway Department in Jefferson City told the Courier News yesterday. M. S Gwlnn, division engineer for the department with headquarters in sikeston, said that contract* will probably bt let terly next year for what is known as the Holland - Steele re - location plan. The present course of the highway will serve as a base for the re-location just north of the state line, he reported. Coming off .a small bridge at a point about one and one-half miles north of the state line at a northeasterly tangent, the re-location route will carry the highway north, skirting Holland and Steele, and rejoin the present highway about six miles south of Hoyti, according to Mr. Gwinn.. Actual construction of the above route Is not expected to get under way before next iprlBf or summer. Meanwhile, the department is acquiring rights-of-way for the new route, and widening the portions of the highway which will be retained. A minimum-width right-of-way being obtained all along the highway is 2M fwt, ttith two lanes to be fully surfaced along the route and shoulders to he developed. The wide right-of-way will provide for an eventual four-lane strip composed of 12-foot lanes. As the program now stands, the worl: will cfirry north to New Madrid, with the possibility of a four-lane superhighway to St. Louii in the futura, ficer. The , lefendants showed little motion when they heard the verdicts and none would comment. However, Defense Attorney Richard Gladslein said the conviction grew from "official hysteria" and "a false and fraudulent witch hunt." • Vowlncr that none of the seven would, ever be jailed, Glaclstein said he would ask for a new trial. The jury received the case Wednesday and returned the verdict after ny 2 hours of deliberation, ending Hawaii's longest jury trial 71,2 months after It began. After the trial, Judge V/iig told the jurors of Japanese, Chinese Hawaiian and Caucasian descent: I am satisfied you have weighed the evidence and arrived t a just verdict as to each defendant." An ILWU spokesman said only: "The membership will speak for the entire union." Later, when informed that stevedores were walking out, Robert McElrath, a public relations man for ILWU, said: : "It appears that the membership j has spoken. This apparently their spontaneous reaction to the verdict. + Maj. Gen. Thomas Timberman, American commander in Red-encircled West Berlin, said the Russians had brought in the major elements of two armored divisions, about 25.000 men of the 1st and 14th divisions, to throttle rebellious East Berlin. "These two divisions can tamp the place down for a while," he told a news conference. "What hap. pens then, I don't know. I do know what happens when you tamp down dynamite. "I am certain that these Russian gunners with their tank muzzles staring down our throats know themselves that this is no solution to the overall problem," he added 100 Killed Communist officials claimed that strikes and unrest were dying down after last Wednesday's riotous anti- Red outburst in which 100 Germans are rumored to have been killed. But Neues Deutschland, the Communist party organ in East Germany, admitted chaotic conditions still prevailed. It said East Berlin was short of food because of "transport difficulties," a. reference to a zone-wide strike by rail workers. It added that no vegetables were available and that "hoarder buying" had emptied stores. It further disclosed that the huge Leuna synthetic gasoline refinery near Halle—swept by a huge fire yesterday—was struck. The plant employes 23,000 workers. The nearby Buna artificial rubber plant also was reported burning yesterday. Unrest Prevails Neues Deutschland also «ald workers at the big potash mines at Rossleven had gone on strike I that arrests had been made. It added that "unrest" was prevalent at other places, including Magdeburg, Dresden, Goerlitz. The newspaper said "provoca- •eurs use the Leuna refinery's oud-speaker system to call out the workers for demonstrators. A former administrative employe was the ringleader." The East German police radio reported illegal gatherings at eight mints in East Berlm today and said commando squads were ordered to the scenes. Under Soviet nartial law no more than three persons are allowed to meet in lublio. A refugee from Rathenow report- d today that demonstrators hanged the local state security chief Willl Hagedorn. after a youth had cried out, "That is the man who killed my father." The West German Trade Union Federation at Duesseldorf called for a 15-minute work stoppage throughout West Germany next Tuesday in memory of the victims m the East German rebellion against tyranny." The metal workers union announced a $12,000 fund relief fund for the victims. Main Gas Line To S. Missco To Be Purged serve has begun. Power Co. an- Purging of the natural gas transmission line which will Osceola and Wilson Arkansas-Missouri nounced today. The "blowing out" of the line will remove dirt and debris that accumulated during construction. Osceola's first gas customer is scheduled to be connected within the next few weeks. Ark-Mo offi- cilas said. Service to Wilson is slated to begin by fall. All of Osceola's distribution svs- tem west of Highway 61 has been completed, they said. Weather Board Asks Ruling on Funds LITTLE ROCK My~The State hospital Board of Control is asking the attorney general if it has the right to use $500,000, appropriated for a 400-bed unit at its Denton unit, for some other purpose. The Board said It can not complete a 400-bed unit with only 5500,000. It is asking the attorney general f the funds may be used to build ft 60 or 80-bed unit to be expanded vhen additional funds are avail- ble, oi - if the appropriation may « diverted to remodel an unused wilding at the Hospital's Little Rock unit I ARKANSAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon and tonight. Continued warm. Widely scattered showers in the north portions MISSOURI — Cloudy northwest and extreme north tonight with widely scattered thundershowers. Elsewhere generally fair; cooler northwest and extreme north tonight; Sunday generally fair, cooler extreme north; low tonight around 65 northwest to 75 to 80 southeast: high Sunday 80s extreme northwest to around 100 southeast. Maximum yesterday—102. Minimum yesterday morning—78. Sunrise tomorrow—4:47. Sunset today—7:16. Mcnn temperature (mWwoy between iijh and low)— &0, Normal mean for June—77,5 Preclp. lost 2< hours (8:30 p.m. to 1:30 i.tn.)—cvon«. Preclp. .Inn. I to date—30.«. Thi* n.ilr Lust Year Minimum this morning—73. Maximum yraterdny—103. Preclp. Jan. 1 M dan— XM.
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