Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut on January 10, 1840 · 2
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Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut · 2

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Friday, January 10, 1840
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.miscellaneous Selections. From the Literary Gemiiuz. AH APPRENTICE'S WAY A tlBBAKV. Why, Frank Wilson! How where on earth did you get all these books! Here! what? the Knickerbocker, too! and the North American! Now, Frank, where did you get the money to buy all these? Why, I have ten dollars more a year than you ; yet I have to send down to father for money almost every month. You take the Knickerbocker, indeed ! Why there are none but 'Squire Waters and Doctor Marvin, in the whole town who think themselves able to have uch a costly work, which is only meant for a lew rich people to read. Pretty well, eh ? for a poor apprentice. Where did you get that book-case, and all those books that you have got stuck up there? Let's see. Plutarch's Lives t , Who's he ? what's that about ? Rollins Ancient History I why didn't he write it in one email book as well as to have a dozen about it 1 Gibbon's Rome! there is no Buch place in the United States. Why, my dear fellow, what a long list of oudandish names you have got here! Let me see Milton, Shakspear, Young, Pope, Dryden, Cowper, Bacon, Locke, Goldsmith, and all other Smiths in creation, as well as those in America ! Now, come, I will light my Havana, and sit down here, and give you a chance to explain how you, nu apprentice, with only forty dollars a year, contrive to scrape together a library half as large as Parson Dayton's.' Francis Wilson did not interrupt this interrogatory and exclamatory medley of words from his comrade, by any explanation, until he had exhausted all his incoherent inquiries. Setting down in the proffered chair, and lighting his long nine, Edward Saunders placed his feet upon his friend's clean desk, and teemed really to be waiting for a detailed account of the modus operandi by which an apprentice could acquire honestly such a collection of books. Nor did Francis hesitate to gratify his curiosity. Both of the young men were in the middle of their apprenticeship", and the most cordial intimacy had subsisted between them from their youth. Edward was deficient in nothing so much as in expending his small annuity, and Francis hit upon a very successful method of administering to his young friend a salutary - lesson upon this subject, while he explained bow an apprentice could acquire a taste, and the means for the cultivation ofhis intellect. 'Edward,'. said he, taking up his pencil, ' I will explain to you in figures, what seems to have excited your wonder, if you will permit me by the way to ask you a few questions in order to solve the problem. I see you are very fond of smoking ; how many cigars do you buy a week? 'Oh none of any account,' replied Edward, anticipating come unpleasant strictures upon his favorite practice, 'after working all day, it is really a comfort to smoke the genuine Havana ; it does not amount to any thing ; I only smoke six in the course of the whole week. ' Six Havanas a week,' repeated Francis, putting it down upon paper, with as much formality as if he was registering the date of a problem. Six a week, at two cents a piece, amount to the trifling sum of six dollars and twenty-four cents per annum. I suppose you spend a trifle at the fruit shops,' continued Francis. 'Nothing worth mentioning,' continued Edward, rather 6tartled at the aggregate of such little items; 'all that I buy apples, nuts, raisins, tigs, oranges, etc. ao noi amoum iu miic-pence a week ; why that is not half as much as Tom Williams, the goldsmith's apprentice buys. Besides, Francis-, you know I never taste a drop of any kind of liquor not even wine. You certainly can't think that I lack economy, Frank? 'Nine pence a week, for nuts, raisins, oranges, and figs,' repeated Francis, in a low serious tone, pronouncing the items, one by one, as he wrote them down, with all the precision and gravity of a clerk in a country store. Nine pence a week amounts to six dollars and fifty cents per annum ; which added to six dollars and twenty-four cents spent for cigars, makes the trifling sum of twelve dollars and seventy-four cents for one year. Now, Edward, see what I have obtained for just this sum. Here,' said he, taking down several neatly bound volumes of the American Review, and a handful of the Knickerbocker, I have bought all these for a less sum than you have paid for cigars, nuts, &c. during the past year. And as for these other books which you see here in my case, I will tell you how V obtained them, and how any other apprentice can do the same.with only $33 a year too. You know our masters are very industrious steady men, and are attentive in their business, and like to see their apprentices with a book in their hands, when they have done their work, rather than to be lounging about at the taverns, or in vicious company. So when my master saw that I liked to read every chance that I could get, and spend all the money I could spare for books, he offered to give me nine-pence an hour for all the time I would work from twelve to one o'clock, p. m. And this is the way, Edward, that I have bought my books, which you thought I had borrowed, begged, or stolen. I work every noontime half an hour, and earn every fortnight enough to buy one of these books Milton's Paradise Lost, for instance. To be sure they are not bound in calf, nor are they gilt-edged ; but they contain the same matter as if they were, and that's enough for me.' When Edward Saunders had listened to this very interesting and simple explanation of his uncle's apprentice, and had passed his eyes over all the fine books in his little library, he arose suddenly at the last words of Fran-r L, and opened his little chamber window, took out of his hat the half dozen cigars w hich was to constitute his week's stock of comfort, and without saying a word, tossed them into the garden. A new fire of animation lit up his eye, as he darted out of the room, turning only at the door to say, ' M try it Frank ! ' . Ed-svard Saunders, Esq., and the Hon. Francis Wilson, never forget, in their intimate intercourse in after life, their mutual computation of the cost of nuts and cigars, in the garret of the latter. THE OX. Opinions of the celebrated Commentator, Dr. Adah Clarke, respecting the Ox. " Much increase is by the strength of the Ox." Prov. xiv. 4. The Ox is the most profitable of all the beasts used in husbandry. Except merely for speed, he is almost in every respect superior to the horse. 1. He is longer lited. 2. Scarcely liable to any diseases. 3. He is steady and al-wa, pulls fair in bis gears. 4. He lives, fattens and maintain his strength on what a horse will not eat; and therefore is supported on one-third of the cost. 5. His ouTuTbL1110' pr.ofitable- And' 6- When he is worn ou in is Ubo, flesh is good for the nourishment of man, ma tenu ot , nmity mid his Al(e m able. It might be ,aj i , . . tag : and hhTgear, are'f almost noetpense in shoe-the horse. I all WW?" than those of preferred to horses. Tlav "? u? J tient animal, and you will n ZrZ LTl increase by the strength and labor of thill THE BISHOP AND HIS BIRDS. A worthy bishop, who died lately at Ratisbon, had for his arms two fieldfares, with the motto" Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing 7" This strange coat of arms had often excited attention, and many persons Had wished to know its origin, as it was generally reported that the bishop had chosen it for himself, and that it bore reference to some event in his early life. One day an intimate friend asked him its meaning, and the bishop replied by relating the following story. Fifty or sixty years ago, a little boy resided in a small village near DiUengen, on the banks of the Danube. Hu parents were very poor, and, almost as soon as the boy could walk, he was sent into the woods to pick up sticks for fuel. When he grew older, his father taught him to pick the juniper berries, and carry them to a neighboring distiller, who wanted them for making hollands. Day by day the poor boy went to his task, and on his road he passed by the open windows of the village school,, where he saw the schoolmaster teaching a number of about the same age as himself. He looked at these boys with feelings almost of envy, so earnestly did he long to be anions mem . . He knew it would be in vain to ask his father to send him to school, for he knew his parents had no money to pay the schoolmaster ; and he often passed the whole day thinking, while he was gathering me jumper berries, what he could possibly do to please the schoolmaster, in the hope of getting some lessons. One day, when he was walking sadly along, he saw two of the boys belonging to the school trying to set a bird-trap, and he asked one of them what it was for I The boy told him that the schoolmaster was very fond of fieldfares and that they were setting the trap to catch some. This delighted the poor boy, for he recollected that he had often seen a great number of them in the juniper wood, where they came to eat the berries, and he had no doubt but he could catch some. The next day the boy borrowed an old basket of his mother, and when he went to the wood he had the de light to catch two fieldfares. He put them in the basket, and tying an old handkerchief over it, he took them to the schoolhouse. Just as he arrived at the door, he saw the two little boys who had been setting the trap, and with some alarm asked them if they had caught any birds. They answered in the negative ; and the boy with a heart beating with joy, gained admittance into the schoolmaster's presence. In a few words he told how he had seen the boys setting the trap, and how he had caught the birds, to bring them as a present to the master. "A present, my good boy!" cried the school-master, " you do notlook as if you could afford to make presents. Tell me your price, and I will pay it to you, and thank you besides." "I would much rather give them to you, sir, if you please," said the boy. The school-master looked at the boy as he stood before him, with bare head and feet, and ragged trowsers that reached only half way down his naked legs. "You are a very singular boy!" said he; but if you will not take money, you must tell me what I can do for you; as I cannot accept your present without doing something for it in return. Is there any thing I can do foryout" "Oh, yes!" said the boy, trembling with delight; "you can do for me what I should like better than any thing else." "What is that?" asked the school-master, smiling. " Teach me to read,"cried the boy, falling on his knees ; "oh, dear, kind sir, teach me to read." The school-master complied. The boy came to him at his leisure hours, and learned so rapidly, that die schoolmaster tecommended Hint to a nobleman who resided tiv the neighborhood. This gentleman, who was as noble in his mind as in his birth, patronized the poor boy, and sent him to school at Ratisbon. The boy profitted by his opportunities, and when he rose, as he soon did, to wealth and honors, he adopted two fieldfares as his arms. ' "What do you mean ?" cried the bishop's friend. "I mean," returned the bishop, with a smile, "that poor boy was myself." Tailor Defended. A tailor, instead of being the ninth part of a man, possesses the qualities of nine men combined, as follows : 1. As an economist, he cuts his garments according to his cloth. 2. As a gardener, he is careful of his cabbage. 3. As a cook, he provides himself widi a hot goose. 4. As a sheriff 's officer, he does much at sponging. 5. As an executioner, he furnishes many gallowses. 6. As a general he brandishes not a sword but a bare bodkin. 7. As a sailor, he shears off whenever he thinks necessary. 8. As a lawyer he tends to matiy suits. 9. As a christian and divine, it is his chief aiui to form good habits for himself and others. I think elmugh lias been said to do away with the opprobrium so often cast upon the knights of the thimble and needle, to induce the fraternity to unite and contribute a suit of clothes to their friend and humble servant. The Mother. Who is it that moulds the character of our boys, for the first ten or twelve years of their life 1 Not their fathers ; for such are his engagements, or such the reserve and stateliness of his manners, that sons but rarely come in contact with him. No. It is the gentle and attractive society of the mother ; it is in her affectionate bosom and her lap, that the blossoms of the heart and the mind begin their bloom ; it is she who bends the twig, and thus decides the character of the tree. How, then, ought she to be accomplished for this important office! How wide and diversified her reading and information ! How numerous the historic models of great men with which her memory should be stored! How grand and noble the tone of her own character ! Value of Time. In James' 4 Henry of Guise' we find the following paragraph, worthy of being engraved on tablets of brass, and placed in every business place or Editor's Sanctum in the United Stales: " In our dealings with each other there is nothing which we so miscalculate as the ever-varying value of time and indeed it is but too natural to look upon it as it seems to us, and not as it seems to others. The slow idler, on whose hands it hangs heavy, holds the man of business by the button, and remorselessly robs him on the king's highway of a thing ten times more taluabk titan his purse which would hang him f he took it." Very Good. Mr. Pickens, of South Carolina, in a recent speech, uttered the following fearless and just remarks: That, for the last ten years, there has been too strong Executive action in this Government, and it is time that the Representatives of the People should assert independence and trample on the ties of party looking only to the good of the country, to the sanctity of the Constitution, and to the preservation ot their own honor and indepen dence. If there be one subject more dear to me than another, it is that I may see this House redeemed and re generated that I may see it break loose trom its subserviency to the monster god of Party, which is reared up on every side, and which claims from its victims a base, devoted and blind idolatry. I know the delicacy of my position ; I scorn to suppress my sentiments. I would not wear the proudest diadem mat ever sat upon a monarch's brow, it I could not wear it unshackled and free. I ask no political favor: I desire no support except upon honest principles principles which I avow boldly and openly. I hold no sentiments in my closet which I will not avow to the world. In my opinion, it is due to the dignity of the House to meet this question boldly aud to decide it. I am ready to vote. IIARTFORD DAILY COURANT. FRIDAY, JANUARY 10. - FOB PRESIDENT, WILLIAM IIEXBY HARRISON, of Ohio. FOB. VICE PRESIDENT. JOHN Tl'LERt ( Virginia. The Public Lasds. The following is copied from the proceedings of the Senate of the United States, on the 3d instant: Agreeably to notice given on Tuesday last, Mr. Calhoun asked leave, and introduced a bill to cede the public landi to the States in which they are respectively situated. The bill was read by its title, and on motion of Mr. Calhoun, referred to the Committee on Public Lands." We presume it will not hereafter be denied, even in the lowest and most worthless Loco Foco newspaper in the Union, that there is such a project on foot ; and it may be added, that preparation is making to consummate this magnificent scheme of national sequestration and plunder. And as it is now understood, that this " high-minded representative" of South Carolina " Chivalry" has gone over to Van Biirenism, cap in hand, as well as heart and hand, it may be justly considered as the first step towards the completion of the great political bargain betwen these " high contracting parties," by the force of which, the re-election of the " Northern man with Southern principles" is to be purchased. Let senator Benton's declaration in the Senate a year or two since be remembered, viz. that another census would enable the new States to write tlteir own terms for the lands, and lay them upon the tables of the senators, and that the candidates for (fie Presidency would lid high for them. Can any one doubt the object which Mr. Calhoun has in view in relation to tills subject 7 South Carolina has as direct, and in proportion to her numbers, as important an interesst in the lands as any State in the Union. And it is not easy to believe, that the people of that "gallant, heroic, chivalrous State," will be content to sacrifice their share of the public lands, amounting as it must to many millions of dollars, for the mere purpose of gratifying the ambitious feelings of one of her citizens ? Especially, when she sees that lofty spirit, which but a short time since, uttered the most pointed sarcasms, the most haughty sneers of contempt, for the principles and conduct of Martin Van Buren, now lying under the imputation of having basely truckled to join this object of his professed detestation, now falling into his ranks, and preparing to do his drudgery, with the expectation of being promised the succession when his " illustrious predecessor" shall consent to retire from the chair of state, and the throne of power. Mb Barnard's Speech. We have received the speech f the Mori. Mr. Dnina,o,ui the mmc of New Tfoik, mttio House of Representatives of the United States, ou the right of the members from New Jersey, holding regular certificates, to take seats in that body. It was delivered on the 18th of December, on a proposition to refuse the oath' to these members. Mr. Barnard advocated their right in a sound, able, and unanswerable argument, in favor of their admission. As the course pursued by the majority of the House was the most flagrant that the history of our government has ever furnished, it required a firm, decided, manly stand, on the part of those who were disposed to support and defend the constitutional rights of the States, and of their representatives. Such ground was taken and maintained with great force of leasoningand eloquence, by the author of this speech ; and the only reply that could have been made to it with effect, was that which took place a stubborn, loco foco party vote. Mr. Barnard does great credit, by his talents and independence, to the people whom he represents; and we are gratified to add, that this city, which was his birth-place, may come in for a share of the gratification which his immediate constituents must experience on this manifestation of his principles and talents. Simsbory. At a meeting of the Whigs of Simsbury, agreeably to notice given, Richard Bacon, Daniel Prindle, Rockwell Hoskins, and George W. Sanford, were appointed delegates to the State Convention ; and Wm. Mather, Jr., ZebaCase, Newell Watson, and Harrison Barnard, substitutes. At a meeting of the Whig Electors of the town of Wethersfield, on the evening of the Cth of January, the following gentlemen were appointed Delegates to the State Convention, to be holden at New Haven on the 15th inst., Dudley Webster, Watson Adams," Martin Kellogg, and Henry Whitmore. Substitutes. Chauncey Coleman, Henry Havens, Homer Camp, and Wm. Robbins, 2d. The following gentlemen were appointed Town Committee for the year ensuing : Henry Havens, William Talcott, Ashbel Robertson, Daniel H. Willard, and George O. Chambers. SAMUEL GALPIN, Chairman. Chauncey Robbins, Secretary. The official report of the Whig meeting held on Monday evening of last week, will be found in our columns. The room was thronged at an early hour. Rarely if ever, has there been in this city a greater gathering of those who do not bow the knee to Baal. The meeting was addressed in an able and effective manner by Messrs. Flagg and Huggins of New Haven, Rogers of Fairfield, and Sterling of this city. The remarks of the several Speakers npon the proceedings at Harrisburg, and upon the character of the People's Candidate were received with approbation and applause. Whatever may have been the wishes of the Whigs in this vicinity regarding the nomination of Mr. Clay, there is now no preference but for Harrison and Tyler. '""''. We go for the man whom Henry Clay supports we go for one who has done more for his country, more for the honor of her name, than the whole body of Loco chief- , tains from Martin Van Bureu down to John M. Niles. We shall give the North Bender a hearty support. If he do not 'tip the canoe' of this administration it will not be the fault of the Whigs in old Connecticut. The Wreck of the Brio J. Palmer. The New-buryport Republican says that the stern of the brig recently wrecked near Beavertail has been driven ashore, and the name is in full upon it "J. Palmer, Philadelphia," also a piece of an umbrella, with the name " E. Ardly" scratched plainly in Roman capitals upon it. The paper adds" She appears to have leen eutirely ground iuto fragments by the tremendous force of the. wind and waves. There can now be no doubt that every soul on board of her perished ; but we have not heard jjat any more bodies have heen seen." correspondence or the daily cocrakt. Boston, Jan. 7th, 1840. Our legislature appear now no nearer an approximation to the commencement of business then they were a n week since. The whole of yesterday was occupied both in the Senate and in the House with presentations of re- , monstrances from both parties, relative to the reception of sundry returns, on account of alleged informalities. This will tend to retard very much their progress, as all will have to be referred to committees. A resolution was carried in the House, by a small majority, instructing the Speaker not to appoint on the judiciary, a majority of lawyers. This is claimed as a Tory triumph, but it is, nothing of the kind, although it certainly is illiberal enough to be a Loco Foco measure. To-day little or nothing has been done by either branch of the legislature. In the House the celebrated Mendon case has been under discussion, but has not yet been definitely settled. The committee reported that the two professing to be members from Mendon, were not legally chosen. It will be recollected that these men were balloted for the day after the last day allowed by our laws for choosing representatives. The Locos will try to retain them, although they have most notoriously no right to their seats, but I trust they will be defeated. The committee for counting the votes for Governor have not yet reported, but intend to do so to-morrow; what their report will be, it is useless to conjecture. Whatever it may be, it will probably be essentially affected by the remonstrances that have been handed in re specting informalities. The Harrisburg nomination, as I am informed by eye witnesses, is taking like wild-fire among the farmers of the interior of Maine, especially in the eastern portion ; and strong hopes are entertained by my iuformants.of the political regeneration of even that benighted region. The Whigs of Bangor hold a public meeting to-morrow to congratulate one another on the auspicious appearance of tilings. Hon. Daniel Webster is at present in this city. Last evening he was invited to address a meeting of the Whig members of the Legislature. It was my misfortune to be unable to get within the sound of his voice until just before the close of his address. I was however in time to hear him express his acquiescence in the Harrisburg (nomination. It is, said he, no sullen, no reluctant acquiescence, but a most cordial and hearty one. He then spoke at some length, of his knowledge of Gen. Harrison for twenty five years, and expressed his fullest conviction of his high merits and of his sound political sentiments. Mr. Webster was also in the greatest degree, confident that the nomination would be ratified in the electoral college. Mr. W. then referred to the present state of affairs in this state. He was not, however, he said, without hope, nay, he had the most firm belief, that old Massachusetts would still be found where she had ever before been, whenever a question of great importance, or involving high constitutional principles, should come before her. I must again express my regret that I was reluctantly forced to lose so large a portion of the remarks of our distinguished Senatoras to be unable to do anything like justice to them. Mr. Webster's friends intend to give him a supper next Friday evening at the United States Hotel, to welcome him on his return from Europe. But more of this in my next. - Correspondence of the N. Y. Express. . Washington, Jan. 4th, Saturday night. - " RETRENCHMENT AND REFORM." Such are the rallying cries again, and you may hear them in both wings of the Capitol. To clay the alarm has been sounded with much effect, and Mr. Waddy Thomp son, of S. C. has succeeded with some assistance, in carrying out an important motion. The House, in its excessive love for Blair & Rives, has ordered the printing of 5000 extra copies of a report of the Secretary of War in relation to the Florida War. Mr. Thompson moved the reconsideration of the motion, and to-day it has been the subject of a spirited debate in the House. Mr. Thompson aud Mr. Wise defended the motion. The former gave as a reason that the report was good for nothing, and although of no value, would cost a good deal of money, especially for the maps which had been prepared to accompany the report. Mr. Wise gave other reasons. Mr. Cave Johnson, of Tenn., Chairman of the Comr mittee on Military Affairs, attempted an apology fo making the motion to print extra copies, but could find none that would satisfy his friends. Mr. Linn Banks, a Virginian, opposed the printing, and was in favor of the motion to reconsider. Though an administration man, he was a man for economy.and to prove it, he opposed the printing of certain documents relating to defalcations at the lust session of Congress. Mr. Wise said that he was the member who moved the printing of the document No. Ill, relatiug to government defaulters, and of No. 219, relating to the N. V. Custom House, and the defalcations in New York. He was ready to move the printing of 5000 copies more of those documents, and even to take from the treasury the sum of one or two millions left of the $40,000,000 which the President found there when he came into power, for the purpose of exposing and ferreting out the crimes practiced upon the government. He would appropriate ten dollars from the public Treasury to expose every dollar misapplied or stolen from it by those in office. To his colleague, Mr. Banks, Mr Wise said that instead of complaining of the printing of the documents alluded to, he should have distributed them among his constituents. Probablv they had not seen one of the papers alluded to, and would not be likely to as long as his colleague was the representative. They were documents which gave the particularsof defalcations amounting to nearly a million of dollars. The discussion was not long continued, and the end of it was the reconsideration of the vote adopting a Resolution ordering the printing of 5000 Extra Documents, and another motion to lay the Resolution to print npon the table. This is a good beginning and it is hoped that it will be followed up by other economical movements. The source from whence the motion sprung to print extra copies, and the opposition to reconsideration, after they were ordered, will give you some idea of the extent of the sincerity of the party who with the President, have raised the old Jackson cry of Retrenchment and Reform. During the discussion,there was an exposition of a fact of some interest to those who are- observers of what is done in Congress. It was stated by Mr. Thompson, of S. C, that the man who supplied the House of Representatives with stationery, was no other than Mr. Lang-tree, late editor of the Democratic Review. Mr. I'eck, of N. Y., called for the reading of the contract, and it was read, exposing publicly the fact that the Clerk of the House, Mr. Garland, had bargained with Mr. Langtree, in the Congressional recess, to snpply the stationery for the whole of the 23th Congress! The articles to be purchased, and the terms, were both stated in the contract, and both, I doubt not, will be considered exorbitant for the quantity in demand and for the price paid. I know not but this matter of making contracts with party favorites for two months in advance, has been the practice. If so, I can only say that it should not be so. Mr. Garland's election was considered doubtful at best, and modesty should have taught him, even if custom did not, to await a re-election to the Congress, before proceeding to bargain away the contracts to supply the Ilouse with stationery. But more of this by and by. Yours, &c. E. B. Outrage. A family at Mackinaw, who voted for the Whig ticket at the late election in Michigan, were most cruelly assaulted and abused in their own house.by Gov-enment officers, for daring to do so. The documents proving these facts are published in the Michigan papers. A bill has been introduced into the Texan Congress, to expel all free colored people from the country. 13 rj Cost Sight's mails. C01V6KESS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. - " 'Washington Cth January, 1840. The House were in session but a few moments this) inormnj. 3Ir Duncan of Ohio, introduced another resolution. moved the reference of all papers on the table referring to the contested seats of New Jersey to the Committee on Elections. Mr. Calhoun asked Mr. D. to wave his motion it had been the custom from time immemorial to adiourn unon such occasions as the present, . lur. Duncan withdrew his motion, and the Ilouse ad- ourned. ' UNITED STATES SENATE. Tint little business was done in the Senate. Mr. Clay, of Ky., presented a memorial from certain citizens of Missouri, asking for a grant of Land in Ore-gon, to which place they contemplated to emigrate. Mr. tmy said he thought the subject one of considerable importance, and one to which Con-Tress should give its de cision, if not encouragement. The public miud was at tracted to the Territory of Oregon, and many were disposed to go there to better their fortunes if encouragement and protection could be given. Mr. Davis, ot Mass., presented a memorial from his State, praying a Congress of Nations for the settlement of international difficulties. Mr. Davis stated the object of the petitioners to be the desire of harmonizing the na tions of the earth by measures ot peace. Mr. White, of Ind., presented a memorial referring to the manufacture of Beet Root Sugar. The author of it Mr. Eleischmann, of this District I believe has in vented Fome machine which will materially diminish the labor and expense in the manufacture of this article. He wished a patent, and his meuioiial was therefore referred to the Committee on Patents. SUB TREASURY BILL. Mr. Wright, Chairman of the Committee on Finance, introduced the Sub-Treasury Bill, entitled an act for the collection, safe keeping, transler, and disbursement of the Public Money " The bill was read twice and laid upon the table lor future action. DEFAULTERS, Mr. Wright also introduced a bill from the Committee of Finance, for the safe keeping of the public money, and for the punishment of defaulters against the United Estates. This bill wasalso read twice, when JVIr. V right said that, agreeably with the instructions of the Committee of t mance, he should ask lor theconsideration ot the bills he had introduced on Monday next. It was important, he said, that they should be acted upon at an early day, and the committee, therefore, would feel themselves under obligation to press the subject upon the attention of the Senate. COPY RIGHT BILL. Mr. Clay introduced a bill, entitled an act in addition to an act to amend the copy-right. Mr. C. after the bill was read twice moved its reference to the committee on the Judiciary. 1 design merely, said Mr. Clay, to have an expression of the sense ot the Senate upon the merits ot the bill. He could wish the bill might pass but would be content with any disposition th8 Senate might think proper to make of the measure. The bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. Clay asking the committee, as a great favor, to consider the subject at the earliest day convenient. .'...'. SMALL BILLS IN THE DISTRICT. Mr. Benton, from the Committee of Finance, aked leave to be discharged from the consideration of a bill re ferring to small notes in the District of Columbia, with a view of referring it to the Committee on the Judiciary. APPROPRIATION BILL. The Appropriation Bill, passed by the House on Sat urday, appropriating $400,000 for the expenses, in part, of the General Government, was brought into the Senate, and, on motion of Mr. Wright, referred to the Com mittee on Finance. The Committee briefly considered the bill, without leaving the Senate chamber, and report ed- it with two unimportant amendments. The bill was then read and ordered to be engrossed. STATE DEBTS. Mr, Benton called up his resolutions referring to the assumption of State Debts by the General Government. The resolutions were read by the Secretary of the Senate, and the attention of the senate drawn to them. Legis lation on the part of the General Government had been spoken of, and local legislatures were giving it their attention. The proposition was the child of the Distribu tive Senate, and had been fourteen years since brought forward by a Senator from New-Jersey, now not a member ot this body. Mr. lienton said he opposed the proposition then, and he gave it the first blow. Jlr. J3. enlarged upon the evils of excessive State Debts. He knew, he said, that no direct proposition was to be made to assume the debts, but it was to be done in some indirect way. He had conferred and consulted with no one in bringing forward Lis resolutions. They were lis own. The fmt of them, which said that the assumption of State Debts was unconstitutional, was designed to prevent an appropriation of the proceeds of the Public Lands. Mr. B. also spoke at length of the Distribution and Deposite Law of Congress. He opposed it from the outset, and rejoiced in his opposition to the measure. That was a bill for the assumption of State Debts, though not so entitled. Mr. B. also complained of the use of money belonging to foreigners, and avowed boldly that he was for withdrawing foreign capital from the United States. He wanted no such capital, and it would be well for the country if foreign capital was withdrgwn from it altogether. Our money system, he contended, had its centre in London. We were all under the Queen ; even the Bank of the United States was controlled by the money power of Great Britain. Mr. Benton spoke for two hours, and mainly in reference to State Stocks and State Debts. The very excess of national degradation and national avails, he said, was to be found here. Every village in the country suffered from such associations and evils as he alluded to, and it became the people to rise in judgment against this moneyed influence. Mr. Benton rejoiced that the Bank power of the country was crumbling to the dust. Mr. Benton said that he should make no move in regard to the resolution before the Senate, and he concluded his speech by again reading them. - Mr. Lumpkin, of Georgia, followed Mr. B. and will speak at length in defence of his resolutions. : The Africans ofthb Amistad. The trial of these men commenced at New Haven on Tuesday, before the U. S. Circuit Court Judge Judson presiding. Messrs. Staples, Baldwin and Sedgwick, appeared as counsel on behalf of the Africans ; Gen. Isham and Mr. Brainard, of New London, counsel for Lieut. Gedney, U. S. Navy ; Gov. Ellsworth, counsel for Capt. Green, one of the libellants of Sag Harbor; Mr. Cleveland, of New London, counsel for two of the Spanish owners of property on board the schooner Amistad: and die IT. S. District Attorney, under direction of the Government of the U. S , counsel for the Spanish minister. Mr. Cleveland presented a claim, on behalf of his clients, praying that the goods might be given up on their giving bonds the goods to be sold by order of court. The counsel for Lieut. Gedney moved the court to order the entire cargo sold for whom it might concern disclaiming, however, any desire to have the Africans sold. The question was then urged whether the Africans might withdraw their plea to the jurisdiction of the court, on the ground that the seizure was not in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. The court decided that they might, and put in any claim they choose. Their counsel then put in a general answer, in which they claim that they are not property, and that this court has no jurisdiction over them as such. The Marshal and Deputy Marshal were then called upon to prove the value of the schooner and her cargo, exclusice of tlie Africans. The Amistad was valued at one thousand dollars, and the cargo at four thousand dollars. After these preliminaries, the examination of witnesses was entered upon. The following persons were examinee, viz. Dr. Madden, British Superintendent of liberated Africans at Havana, S. Haley, of New Loudon. D wight P. Jones, do. James Covey, a native African, late one of the crew of the Br. brig of war Buzzard. The drift of their testimony was to show that the Africans of the Amistad were but recently brought from their native land. The trial was to be resumed yesterday. N. Y. Jour. Com. of Jan. 9. A great fire occurred at Terre Haute, Indiana, Dec. 23d, destroying 10 or 12 brick and wooden stores, near the Court House, all of which were reduced to ruins. a otaj loss $iuu,uuu one half covered by insurmce. 4

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