Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut on January 11, 1925 · 10
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Hartford Courant from Hartford, Connecticut · 10

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Sunday, January 11, 1925
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THE HARTFORD DAILY COURANT: SUNDAY, JANUARY 11, 1925. "r 10 gljc Jiartfori. fonrunl Established 17C4 SUN DAT MORNING, JAN. 11, 1325. Published by THE HARTFOKl CUUKANT COMPANI Courant Bulldlni. Hartford, Cona. Oiatt Newspaper in America Published Lmily Entered at til Post Offtc In Hartford, Conn, a Eecoud Class Matter. Xw Britain Hotel iielaney. Did No. t( Church Ht. Brletol New i.lliy-iracy Block, bo. Maucneater J Main ou Jlldiiletown !4 Main St. w York 1 Weal 44th Et. Chicago 410 No. Alicuigan Ava. fconua 1024 'l'remuut iildu. ban Ki anclsco eOJ Alunt-fomary St. Dally, on year. In.uu. mix montha . .14 60 Three montha. 12. ii. one mouth 74 SuuJay, one year, 16. UU; n montha, i w Three montha. 81.2S; euigle copy . lMlly and bunjay. one year Six montha, 8? on: Hire montha . J 'ally aud Sunday, one weeH Postage extra, according to aonc, point! over 10 mile distant. 10 .14 on . H.iii . to all SEVENTY-FOUR PAGES. MEMBKKS ASSOCIATE!-! J'KKSS The Associated Preaa la exclusively en-titled to the una tor publication or all new dispatches credited to It or not othervt'te creuued to una papci aud alao the local neu published heieiu. All rights of tepublicatloii of apt-cial dispatcher beioin aio alsi unserved, and none may be taken without credit to "iue Courant." SECKKTAUV HIGHUS. The resignation of Secretary of Slate Hughes takes one of the biggest men in the couutry from the President's cabinet. Tha public hoped that the frequent rumors that he was to retire to private life were unfounded. He was a big man as governor of New York, so big that his Injection into national affairs was Inevitable. When he accepted appointment to the supreme court it was assumed that he had forsaken the political arena, but the call was so strong that he run for tho Presidency that he more or less reluctantly . resigned to enter the race which he should have won. No ons can say ' what would have happened had he been elected In 1916 instead of "Wilson who was at that time being championed ns the President ho had kept us out of the War. Of the popular vote he received S,5i7,3:8 and Wilson 8,129,269. President Harding wifely made him secretary of state and he has conducted that great office with rare ability, distinction and dignity. His name will be included among such names as John Marshall, Daniel Webster, John Hay and Klihu Boot, who have held the office. IT MAY AKIUVE. The weather bureau yesterday morning announced a southern storm, at that time central over Louisiana. It also observed what It termed a secondary disturbance In the vicinity of Lake Huron. In this section yesterday the wind shifted to the northeast and tho weather bureau made remarks Indicating the probability of snow or rain while the direction of the wind suggested that a trough of low pressure may have been formed, running from the Huron to tho Louisiana storm. If aught of the sort occurred New England ought to know it this morning or, for that matter, whether the southern sorm has bo-come active and is moving northeastward. If it comes along it may break the prolonged orought by heavy rain or it may produce a snowstorm comparablt to that which fell upon New York and Washington a fortnight ago or less. It docs not appear that New England stands greatly in need of it, but that is wholly immaterial. If it appears, Pr. Herbert J. Brown's clock should advance for only a few days ago he predicted a snowstorm 'of tho larger tort for the present month and another for the latter part of February. IT IS IMMATLUIAL. The "Woman Citizen," a New Tork publication, is concerned ; because of the Increasing use of cosmetics and asserts that in 191;! tho wholesale cost of thete preparations, including perfumes, waa $117,175,741. It is mote than a little alarmed and says that "on the stage the use of cosmetics does enhance natural beauty. Off the stage they are in unskilled hands, and their use usually means an inartistic daubing of a countenance," It then adds: It is not so long since girls were urged to say "Lips tlusl touch liquor shall nnwc touch mine." How about a slog:u for men. "Lips that are i,jint"d shall never touch mine'.'' Or do men like the taste of n d paint? It is an int- r 'sling question. It is not probable that women make up their face- to please each other. It , must be they at least think that men like it. If not. what is the reason for) he widespread use of cosmetics'.' ; Between liUl) and 100 corres-' pendents of "The Courant" were deeply stirred over much the same question and they viewed with un i disguised alarm the manner in which women painted, powdered and beribboned themselves. What as : the result? Merely that the young fo'k of that day married and were given in marriage, a manifest fact s'jice New England is still fairly well populated. It may be surmised that, be tween 1790 and 1800, elderly men and elderly women objected strong. ly to paint, powder and ribbons but did the young men and the young vomen object? Our guess is that they did not and that they do not now and that they never will. If the time comes when most young men are indifferent to the attraction of yoUDS women and when most young women do not look at young men the demand for coi-aie.tlcs will cease a will several oilier things, notably the human race. There are. doubtlesl, men who know of what substances the various cosmetics are composed but as 4o their Information we know noth ing but who has heard a youn& man complain of them? As yet we remain unworrlcd as to the trend of the times. GOVUINMICXT OWNLKSHir. itoctor Arthur- Twining Hadley, President-emeritus of Yale Univer sity, contributes to the January number of "The Nation's Business" an article of unusual Interest on the question of public ownership, dealing especially with the stale ownership and operation of railways and electric power distribution. Few if any men in the country are better able to discuss such a question than is Dr. Hadley, who long has been recognized as one of the leading authorities on tho subject. In what he terms tho standardized industries, such as the post otlice, the telegraph ami the municipal water supply, where a large part of the work is merely a matter of routine, he thinks that such ownership may operate with a fair degree of success. Hero, as he su.vs, honest administration and faithful performance of service are the all-important condition, with the capital Invested either small in proportion to the year's business, as in the post office, or subject to easily calculated appreciation changes, as in the water supply. The necessity, rarely arises, he says, for making radical changes of method to keep abreast of the times, or scrapping a plant before it is worn out because new inventions have rendered It obsolete. In such cases the year's budget can reflect the year's operations pretty accurately and show wheth?r there is a real profit or a loss concealed under the appearance of a profit. Hut Dr. Hadley points out that in the progrtssive Industries all these conditions are reversed, for the succcsj of the work depends upon something more than the, performance of routine duties. The amount of capital Involved is large, and depreciation cannot be accurately calcu'.ated. He says: New inventions and new methods often render a plant obsolete bciOre It Is worn out. The jeer's budget does not and cannot accurately reflect tne year's conditions. A delay in scrapping a group of machines which modern improvements have put out of date may convert a real loss into ail apparent proiit. A successful experiment which is going to be highly profitable in the long run may create a present loss which will only be repaid by profits in tho budgets of future years. In discussing whether or not electric power generation should become a government monopoly, he thinks a study of tho railroad Industry in this and other countries furnishes tho bast example for comparison. Among the large industries of tho present day, he says, the one which la least stand ardized and most progrtssive in its character is the electric power in dustry; while, among lliose of tho 19th century, the one which was least standardized and most pro gressive was the railroad industry. It follows logically that the history of slate railioad man agement in the last century should indicate with p. good deal of ac curacy what results we may expect to reach and what dangers we have to fear if electric power develop ment should be placed in govern ment hands. Every gnat country. with the exception of Great Britain, sas Dr. Hadley, ha3 made experi ments in state railroad operation, and only two, I'russia a'.d the South African Dominion, have succeeded In earning the full amount of in terest on tho capital Invested. The state railroads have habitually proved unprofitable, and in gener.nl have constitutej a large and increasing burden on the taxpayers. Moreover, the hope.) of lightening the burden for future generations, by sinking funds which were fre quently cherished at the outset. have not been realize J. The second point is the fact that no improvement of importance has ever had its origin on a government railroad system. The government service, gradually introduced such improvements as telegraphic train orders, interlocking switches and signals, air-brakes and automatic couplers, after the private railroads ot England or America had adopted them. It is also well-known that state roads have been equally-backward in commercial improve ments. Dr. Hadley does not take up in any detail our own experiment in this country, under the Wilson ad ministration during t!ie War, ot government operation pf the rail roads, but most of us know well enough the disaster that resulted. Coming more directly to the question of government ownership and operation of the electric power industry, he shows that the proba bility of lower rates to the cus tomer, either now or In the future, than private companies can afford to give, is very slight. Those who urge government ownership con tend that, by their exemption from taxation and by the fact that they are not trying to make a profit, but are content to pay Interest and perhaps to contribute lu a sinking fund, will give lower rates to the consumer. Dr. Hadley coubts this. In the first place, he says that the proposal to exempt a large group of Industrial Investments from taxation is always open to grave criticism, and that the cost of clcctrlo light or electric power is not done away with bv such exemptions, but is merely shifted to shoulders other than those of the producers of clec. tricity. He says:1 This kind of exemption also has a bad effect on the morale and efficiency of a government industry. If the manager of a private company has to pay interest and taxes in order to show a balance on the right side, and the managers of a government property can do so by paying interest alone, the latter tends to overestimate the excellence of the work he is doing and content himself with a lower standard of efficiency and economy. it is sometimes said that the exemption of a public cntir-prise from taxation is offset by the requirements ot contributions to a sinking fund to which it is subjected. Jl doubt whether this is generally a sufficient offset to post-war taxes. No more sound, in his opinion, is the argument that the costs of gov ernment enterprise will be reduced by foregoing profits. In the light of the history of railroads In the previous century, he says, it would be perhaps sufficient to say that this offers no prospects at all. "If government enterprises have been barely able to pay current expenses, how can they make rates lower by renouncing a profit which they never had?" He also states a very evident truth when he says that private ownership encourages experiment, whereas stat'j ownership encourages stabilization, and since the electric industries constitute a field where there is exceptional room for progress in the immediate future, both on the operating and the commercial side, it seems most undesirable that electric power generation should now become a government monopoly. The history of the Hartford Electric Light Company well illustrates many of the things Mr. Hadley has said. Who believes for a moment that this great concern would have reached its present high standard ot service and efficiency, if It had been run by the state cr the city, with a frequently changed personnel to suit the administration in power? Some people have muntigcd to present a beautiful picture in theory, In which the state runs about everything now conducted by individuals, with a resulting general prosperity in which everyone shares as a result. But history, unfortunately, both, ancient and modern, shows that when put Into practice, such experiments are bound to be dismal failures. AX OLD STOKY. At this time, wherein there is some discussion as to the debt which France owes this countrj, a syndicate writer has done a public service by calling attention to friction regarding an earlier claim. That claim related to the losses suffered by United States citizens between 1800 and 1 SI 7 when, during the wars of Napoleon, American ships were seized or sunk very much as they were by Germany during tho recent war. After Napoleon wa3 extinguished, the United States appealed to France for a settlement of these claims, and President Jackson, in his message to Congress, December 1, IS 31, outlined the situation at that time. He told Congress that the French, had agreed to pay 25,-000,000 francs in nix payments, and that, apparently, all was settled. In consideration ot the payment of this claim, the United States had promised to reduce the duty on French wines, which part of the agreement had been promptly car ried out. Franco was justly pleas ed by this urrangement, but neither five millions nor twenty-five millions francs had been seen as yet. It appeared that when the matter came before the French cnumoer the deputies had declined to make the appropriation. President Jackson had called the attention of the French king to this oversight. The king replied that ho had noticed it with gri f and would use all his power to secujc the passage of the necessary appropriation. As a mas ter of fact, President Jackson said tho king had done nothing, and no appropriation had been made. In the matter of meekness. Presi dent Jackson was no competitor of Moses, and he informed Congress that it was time something was done. He said: "It is my conviction thut the United Stales ought to Insist on a prompt execution of tho treaty, and, in cat-e it be refused or longer delayed, take redress into their own hands. After the delay on the part of France of a quarter ot century in acknowledging these claims by treaty, it is not to be tolerated that another quarter of a century is to be wasted in negotiating about the payment. The laws of nations provide a remedy for such occasions. It Is a well settled principlo of the international code that where one nation owes another a liquidated debt which it rc fusts or neglects to pay the aggrieved party- may seize on the property belonging to the other, its citizens or subjects, sufficient to pay tho debt without giving just cause of war. This remedy has been repeatedly resorted td, and recently by France herself." President Jackson suggested that Congress might properly fix a time at which it should resort to this action, and ho thought that the close of tho next session of the French Chambers ought to be the limit, saying that, it the appropriation was not met then, "every day's delay on our part will be a stain upon our national honor, as well as a denial of justice to our injure. citizens." This should have resulted in pay. mcnt or war. What actually occurred was the sending home of United States representatives In France and tho prompt departure of the French representative from this country. AH of this hsppened between 1831 and 1834, and the claim now is as far from being settled as it was then. In view of that fact, it is not unreasonable to think that a hundred years hence the United States will be considering the claims against France growing out of the recent war. AXOTJIEK ONE. Some snow must have remained on the ground in Bridgeport as luto as Friday at least for the Bridge-port papers of yesterday morning told its rcuders that a D-ycars-old boy was killed there when a sled upon which he wag coasting collided with an automobile. The operator of the automobile was guiding it through a driveway when tho boy coasted down an incline und struck the front of the vehicle, lie was taken to a hospital but was dead upon arrival. In this case it is hard to impute blame, either to the victim of the accident or to the unlucky operator of the automobile. Neither was in a street anu it. is altogether provable that neither the operator nor the boy apprehended danger; the boy was too young to be cautious and it is more than like ly that the driver of tho car was fixing his at tention upon objects directly ahead of his vehicle. Still, one of the two id dead and the other is under arrest. It was rendered evident some years ago that children's sleds and motor vehicles are enemies and that while youngsters are in danger when on the street as pedestrians their hazard is increased considerably when they are coasting; it now appears that if .they coast with any degree of safety it must be upon territory from which motor vehicles are barred. Until this fact is generally recognized there tiro sure to be fatal accidents in which children are the victims. OUl "SIXF-MADE" MF.X. Governor Trumbull goes into office with the good will ot the whole stale. The people's imagination is appealed to by one of his type, who owes his success to his own ability, courage and resourcefulness. From humble beginnings, he rose to a commanding position in industry, refusing to yield to the many ob stacles that beset him. Three more I steps and he was at the head of his state. His interesting career impels the conclusion that he will not regard the governor's office ps a iesting place, on office to be di iircd simply to satisfy a life ambition. He wants no fuss or feathers, and continued to usq his own automobile until the Bign "Governor" had been removed from the official state car tendered him. Ho looks upon the govcrnor-ah'P as an opportunity to do something for tli; state under whose laws ho stalled out as the son of a poor, imrc'gi ayt farmer, and prospered. It C'ves one a feeling of pride akin to tli.U which has put "l.'nclo Marct-i" Holcomb high in tho affections of our people to know that a man like Joint Trumbull is at the helm of tho ship ot state. The new president of the Senate, who is virtually the lieutenant-governor, and tho speaker of the House, are also "s. il'-made." met., who have learned the meaning of hard work. Bike tho go.crnor, both have come up from tin; laboring class. Indeed, it is little iiiori than a dozen years since the speaker was a mill hand, who became a lawyer by dint ot hard study after hours. There are many people in Danielson who re. member him as t lie boy who once delivered bread to them. Acting Lieutenant-Governor Brainard, once a foundry hand, went into public life with the definite purpose of promoting Hie good roads movement, ot which he in a pioneer . in Connecticut. The Mule government is in gooj hands. POSTMASTER WHO KILLED BURGLAR COMMENDED Uah.ns-',-n. Jan. 10. rosl master General N. w today sent Cuity ratuU-t ons to IV.-ima5ter Herbert H l'ark of Uibs-'otiis, Pa., who last Wednesday shot and k;';' d a afe-eraekcr in t lie act of l!'Uvii" the pjst offiee safe. "tin behalf . f the post offiee department," he i-aid. "I ceiiini'tid the fidelity Willi which you defended the public propefiy and approve of the result. Vour conduct is IhuroiiRhly (ippriciat- .1. Accept my congratula-t.otis." THE MONEY MARKET. .Xii.v y.itk, Jan. 10. Kx linn ires. J I .'U'. 1 . 1 1 -' , i m .i i ; balance?, $s3.e,na.inu; weekly exchange", Jfi.lM.UWV'OO; weekly ha la ne s $ TOO, OHO. 00(1., 1h-!on, .Ian. Ill --Kxchancs, O'H'.ih'O: it.'iln nee.-. $2.iinii,(ilHi; weekly CV'hahe.j S 0-J.ll'iil OHO : wreklv b ll- 1 am-e?i S17i; mm nun- federal reserve credit, $r.i;, "an, tiny. , ItrlilKp lltlqucltc. (!' r, Latimer In New London Hay.) f ootball docs not permit coaching or iiilitnidat't.n from the videliti". Kciiher .Mho'ild tiridce. No pbtjer should be permitted by look, gesture or wotd to iiuike a critical or mocking or contemptuous comment on tho Play of a hand until it is finUlicd. and thereafter only in such terms and manner as would he rationally appropriate for hungry wildcats in a friendly nvsuniriit. This new rule Would lake H Kood deal of the pleasure Oi' the Kami- away f,-t,;n i-jm", but it would k,v a wonderful relief of hoperuinrf-.v in ho 0 others. I.H.scmh-sion heightens hridire, but concussion w recks it. And, of course, pluU) ens-sins' is absolutely de rigcur. "Gum it'" is an stronir an expletive as anybody at the table should use. RAIN OR SNOW TODAY AND TOMORROW "Washington, Jan, 10. Weather forecast for Northern N'cw England Partly cloudy' and colder Sunday; Monday increasing cloudiness followed by rain or snow. Southern New England Unsettled Sumduy, probable rain or snow in south portion; Monday unsettled with raiti or snow, colder Sunday In north portion. Conditions: The outlook la for unsettled weather in the states cast of tho Mississippi river Sunday and Monday with rains or snows Sunday and Monday in portions of the Middle Atlantic states and Southern N'ftvv England. It will bo colder on Sunday- in Northern New England. Storm warnings are displayed on the Atlantic coast from Delaware break water to Boston. . High pressure prevails from Bermuda northward to Nova Scotia and pressure is hish over eastern Ontario. Winds: North of Sandy Hook Increasing northeast, and weather overcast Sunday followed by snow. Sandy Hook to Hatteras Increasing northeast and east, and weather overcast with rain or snow Sunday. OhgfTvntions nr. I'niteil Stales Weather lfilremi hltltiona Taken 8 p. m. (75th St Time) Testorday. Jan. 10. 10;S. Weather Tlirr-. Pa- Pre TTioin. rum. la. A Mime, rlr :;ii Cil.ati Allmny, rlr 2S :;i).05 AtluiiMc cltv. cldy .... ::ti So.'ui .01 Jtoslnn. olriy HI 3D.0S Kuff.ilo. eldy ' 4 .",11.12 t'hirlcMtown. rlrty .tv 69 2M I'llleaito, pt eldy 112 30.14 Cinriimatl, elliy .'IS til) OS I'-iivr, elr 20 21) 34 I Intro! t, lr 24 3". 1 I mint it, eir , id an is tialvi'hlnu, cMy S'i 29 Si '.41 liii!tiTii.s, i-ldy 4 5S.9S .01 HcliliM, i-ldy ! . 29. S( .liu-ksnnvillp, elr 74 29.9!! KAiishs t'ity, i-ir :;n.n Knnxvillo, cldy 4S ' 29 90 ,06 lnili.ivi!!-, ehly 40 3". (12 Memphis, ram 42 'J'.Si .C Mniilgoiiiprj-, rain .... -9. SO 1.32 .N.intU"'l:ot, snow 32 30,011 Now Orleans, pt cldy. 72 29.72 .(( Nnv York, cldy .14 30.10 ' ,01 N'firrnlli. rain ' 3 30.00 .58 I'lilladclphla, eldy .... 34 30.10 !ittnbnrli, rlr 34 30. OH Purllan.l. pt eldy 2 30.10 St. Kotiifi, cldy 2S 30.02 Salt Lake City, cldy 2S 30.00 , T:tnipa. elr 74 29 9$ vv'Hsliinfftdn, rain .... 34 30.oii ,;o l.i. s AiiKf'les. elr 56 30.14 ni-Inily Harry E, Meteorolog-ii-nl Ohervatinns Adnm, fonneeticut Mutual IS inkling. Hartford, Conn., Jan. 10, 1925. S A. M. S P, M. rtarrmietrr 30.30 30 10 Temperature (decrees RJ..I9 30 Hew I'nint fdcKriH-s K.).... 21 ltp!at:ve Humidity tit Slate of Wc.ither ,r cl.iv I ilrtctlon nf Wind N SW Ve'ecity oC Wind (milts p-r hour) .". . . J.t Lt llaily Summary lllr;l!rft Temperature 30 1-oweot Temperature 1 fi Mean Temperature 1 formal Temperature 2'i Tuliit Precipitation pa.it 24 liourg.... 0 Notes 11 ErhcPt Temperature T. la. J.,ve?t Temperature a. in. Si n petfl at 4:39 p. n Sun rises at 7: IS a. n Tais date last year, ture 4 9. This data last year, ture 31. occurred at occurred at 6:00 8:30 Highest Tcmpera-I.owest Tempera- Auto Lights All vehicle lamps mast be lighled cot laler than ii:0a p. in. EEING TRIED NOW FOR 1831 MURDER IN RUSSIA Moscow, Jan. 10. (By The Associated Press.) One of tho most ext.. a ordinary trials in the criminal history of Jtitssia opened here to-nipht in a court room crow ded with l otnmiinuts, reve luliunists anil foreign visitor.. The defendant is Ivan Okladski, fm years old. who participated Hi the assassination of Alexander II in lot. Ukladski is on trial fur his life on tho eharye of having turned traitor tind betrayed hisj accomplices In that famous murder which shocked two continents. His confession following tho playing caused the; death or exile Of all his associates. Nikolai Ktyh-nko, Soviet Russia's most rtithle-s prosecutor, is conducting the ease for the state and. although l - a: ly forty-five years have passed since the killing of Alexander, a formidable array tf surviving revolutionists of the 1SS1 period and thousands of documents -will be produced in court to show Okladski's disloyally to his brother revolutionists end anarchists. Okiad-ki had been in the employ of th? czar's secret police lip to 1917 and in l iter years worked as a clerk in a government institution. Several thousand tickets to the courtroom have, been issued to workers, ponsunts and others, and the communists are seizing the hearing as a good medium for propaganda. PREDICTS BUSY SILK YEAR AHEAD New York. Jan. 10. The Silk Association of Ann'rieii held its fifty-third annual dinner at the Hotel Astor tonight with l.tOd Ktiests and. at the speaker' table, a score of consular and comm'-rciiil representatives from China, Japan ami other countries. IVscribing the year past as one of "feast and famine," James A. Goldsmith, president of the association, reviewed the progress of the nation along the load to economy, urged that slates ami municipalities beware of pod.galily of public funds, and pleaded for a greater stabilization of the silk industry. Tha aftermath of the Japanese earllKiuako and its temporary demoralization or the islands' raw silk production made hist year an uncommonly spi dilative one, said Mr. Goldsmith. In Chiiid it was a year of marking time. Mr. Goldsmith saw "no clouds on the horizon of the industry." and predicted that "unless all signs fail our spindles and looms should hum busily and profitably for at least four more years." HARTFORD MEN FILE BANKRUPTCY PETITIONS - A'niong the. bankruptcy petitions filed at New G iven yesterday win the petition of iludolph I,'. Hauert, salesman, of No. K'O Asylum street, 11 irtford. His assets are listed at $ I51.SU and liabilities at J5.37 t.Oti In nnolher petition. Geoigo C. Pee -liatii, of No. .I'm Asylum street lists his assets at $jO, mid his liabilities at $t!.40:). Apanos Mikishka. tailor of Norwich filed a pvtition, giving assets of JSolt and nihilities of $1,237. rrni'lirr Miikc l'erfi-rt (Good Hardware) A barber reported to work two hours lain, "What's the big idea?" demanded the tioss. 'Tin sorry," replied the bnrbrr, "hut while I was shaving I talked myself into a shampoo, haircut and massage." SPEAKS II FRENCH OF HE FE Harvard Professor Lectures Before Alliance Fran-caise. A lecture in French on Anatole France was given yesterday afternoon by l'rofess-or Andre Moriae of Harvard University under the auspices of the .Alliance Francalse of Hartford, at the home of Mrs. Charles H. Taleott, No. 10 Woodland street. Professor Morize stressed from the beginning of his lecture how hard it is to make a. Just estimate of an author so recent as Anatole France, since there is not as yet proper per-spsction of time from which to view In m. This particular author Is the more difficult to characterize, he continued, in that he exhibited at times the strictest adherence to lloman Cath- olisism, at others the strongest anticlerical attitude. He was in matters political also a perpetual contradiction now a violent patriot, and then later an internationalist, almost a communist. Professor Morize outlined the many influences which contributed to the formation of such a complex character as that of Anatole France. His early childhood was spent In Paris, largely in the bookstore of his father or along tho banks of the Seine. This developed in him an intense love for the great metropolis which Is rcflecteS in many of his later works, the lecturer said. His mother's e.l-treme piety was counterbalanced by a loquacious grandmother's admiration of Voltaire and of other sceptic writers of the Eighteenth Century. Furthermore, young Anatole's omnivorous reading, not only in his own literature but in the Greek and Latin classics, tinges all his writings with a bookish flavor. He saw things not with his own eyes, but through the eyes of others. ITrofessor Morize sooka briefly of the principal works of Anatole France up to 1S?7, the year in which he was obliged to take such a definite stand m the famous Dreyfus case. His staunch support of Dreyfus revealed in him beneath an apparently dry and Ironical surface, a current of slneereity and deep feeling for the cause of hnmanity. So ardently did he light for justice and freedom of thought that be was called by the French press the pope of the free thinkers. The years between 1900 and ,his recent death in October, 1924, were discussed at some length, and Professor Morize concluded by sum marizing the salient features of Anatole France's works. Those are, briefly, he sa!d, his keen and discerning criticism of matters literary, in spite of a dilettanbe attitude tow ards life, his scepticism towards mat ters held for the most part In deepest reverence, and his consummate and masterful use of the French language. This last named quality, his style, Is, according to Trofessor Morize. surpassed by few. If by any, writers in French of modern times. $2,400 MORTGAGE DEAL AT ISSUE IN WORCESTER; HARTFORD CLAIMANT (Special to The Courant.) "Worcester, Jan. 10. Whether the estate of Sibero Itoman ot Worcester owes L'ryiila. Czilvin of Hartford $2,-tnrt, which she alleges is due her on a mortgage on properly cf the estate nt No, it f-'iebbins street, this city, will be determined at a hearing to lie held in the probate court Tuesday. The administrator of the estate contends that the mortgage was fraudulently secured, without consideration, and that It should not be paid. PENNSYLVANIA DROPS BITTERLY FOUGHT GAME TO MIDDIES, 20-17 Annapolis, Md., Ian. 10. The University of Peunsytlvamii put up a brilliant game on the basketball court here today, but the Middies were a bit better and won after the moist bitterly contested and exciting battle ever staged at the academy. The final score was Navy 20, Pennsylvania 17. I 'ay was Ihc big gun for Navy, soorng six- times from court, three of his shots being from long ranges. SHIPPING BOARD BOAT RESCUES SCHOONER CREW New York, Jan. 10. The American steamer Ken nvis early today rescued the captain an I crew of fifteen men from the . Portuguese schooner Manuel Caragol, which was set on fire after it had bren deserted in a waterlogged condition 130 miles southeast of Nantucket Shoals lightship. Captain Humphrey of the Keuowls a t inted States .Shipping Board vessel, sighted distress signals throusit the haze ji t daybreak and went to tuo assistance o. the scho-oner, wiii-ia was waterlogged and unmanagea ole. After the captain nnd crew had be!', transferred to the steamer, the schooner was set cn fire. The Manuel Caragol, a four mister of 735 tons, sailed from Rio de Janeiro September 22 for Philadelphia. The Kcnowis is expected to arrivo here tomorrow with tits rescued seamen, ROTARIANS WILL HEAR OF GOOD RESOLUTIONS "Our New Yer Resolutions" will be the topic for general discussion under the leadership of President Leo Korper at the noon meeting of the Rotary I'ltib tomorrow at the Hotel Itond. The monthly meeting of the hoard of directors of the club will be held at 5:30 p. m., tomorrow. On Thursday the Rotary Club will be the guest of the K.vchangC Club at a noon luncheon at the Hotel Pond. Clifford K. Hough of the Rotary Club will sp-.ik on "Milk Collection and Distribution." A "l.-idiinV night" wll be held by the, PiOtary Club Thursday, January Mirrnd It oh I. (Philadelphia Bulletin.) Robbi.e "I won't be kept in after school for whispering to Jimmie any more. He used to sit behind me and the teacher saw mo every time 1 turned my head." t'nele "Vou don't do lt any more, 1 hope?", Robbie "N' I've got the seat behind him, and now he'll have to turn 'round to speak to me." C. Cook, president of the Hartford Chamber of Commerce, loft Thursda for a sojourn in California. His tro may bo extended as far as Ho-aolulu 1 POLITICS I . , Senator Philo T. Piatt of Newtown Is expected to be appointed chairman of the appropriations committee of the General Assembly by Senate President J. Edwin Brainard. He has an energetic opponent for the place in Senator William H. Woodruff of Milford, who was a House member of the committee in the last session. Senator Edward F. Hall of New Britain was chairman of the committee in the 1921 session. Only four of the thirteen members of the last ag-propriations committee have been reelected to the Legislature and one of them, Representative Seth L. Pier-repont of Kidgefleld, is a candidate for the finance committee, and so the new appropriations committee will have only three of the 1923 members on it at best, the other three being Senator Woodruff Representative Annie E. Vinton of Mansfield an J Representative William H. Brackett of Willington. Representative Adrian It. Wadsworth of Farmington, wha was a member of the 1921 committee. Is back in the House this year and a candidate for the new committee. Representative Ernest S. Prince of Torringtpn and Representative A. L. Weatherhead of Winiham have strong backing for places on the committee. There are two outstanding pos- libilitlcs for the chairmanship of the finance committee, the place held by Governor Trumbull in the past two sessions. Senator Frederic C- WalV cott of Norfolk, banker, affiliated with Important financial inst-ttutionj In New York city, and Senator R. Leland Keeney of Somers, prominent wooien manuiacturer, are being con sidered for the appointment, and the odds are said to favor the former. Senator 1 Wallnra Ti Plsron Cromwell jovets the chairmanship of the committee on roads, bridges anil rivers, but o does Senator Fred A. iieckwlth of East Lyme, who has tha active support of State Central Com-mittDcman George H. Bradford of the Twentieth Senator al District, which complicates matters for President Brainard. Brainard himself was House chairman of the roads, bridges and rivers committee in the last session, and was in line for the Senate chairmanship this year, but put aside the idea when elected president, pro tem. ot the Senate. For many yars the president of the Senate rarely appointed himself to a major committee. Governor Trumbull set a new precedent when he was elected president, .pro tem. two years ago, reappointing himself chairman of the finance committee. His position differed from that in which President Brainard now finds himself, however, in that the appointment of the committees was about the only extra duty Imposed upon the former by his elevation to the jplace of president, pro tem. The fact that the present Incumbent of the office must act as lieutenant governor, presiding regularly over tne Senate and sitting as governor whenever Gover nor Trumbull goes out of the tate, makes it appear to be unwise for Senator Brainard to follow his im mediate predecessor's precedent. These are unhappy dajs for tfce president, pro tem. and he speaker of the House, who have the responsi bility of making all the eommittee assignments of the members of the branches over which they preside. There are so many candidates for the important committee places, especially with the overwhelming republican majority in both houses, that some disappointments are certain to follow the announcement of the committees when the Legislature reconvenes Thursday, after eight days' recess. Senator P.obert J. Smith of Manchester, who was House -chairman of the cities and boroughs committee two years ago, and a House member of the same committee in the previous two sessions, naturally is a candidate for the Senate chairmanship of that committee this year. On the other side stands Senator Howard S. Challenger of Bridgeport, who is bacit in the Senate for his third consecutive term, in each of which he has unsuccessfully sought the chairmanship of the cities and boroughs committee. He is after the place this year with renewed vigor. The insurance committee chairmanship offers another difficult proposition. Senator Samuel C. Doty of Hartford was chairman of jt two years ago and Senator Huntington P. Meech of West Hartford was House chairman. Now the latter is in the Senate and not averse to taking the chairmanship of the insurance committee. About the first important appointment that Governor Trumbull will have to make is that of a superior court Judge. The term of Judge Frederick M. Peasley of Cheshire who Has appointed by Governor Templeton to the superior court vacancy caused by his elevation of Judge John P. Kellogg to the supreme court of errors, expires January 25. Other appointments to be made by Governor Trumbull will be two members Of the state board of agriculture; three of the board of arbitration and mediation; a shell fish commissioner; three directors of the state reformatory; two harbor masters for New Haven; three state prison directors; three members of the commission on rivers, harbors and bridges; two state'Park commissioners; a consulting physician at the state prison; three trustees of Mansfield state training school and hospital; one public utilities commissioner; commissioner of motor vehicles; three members of department of publio welfare; two members of board of pardons; tax commissioner; two Judges of New Haven city court; Judges of the courts of common pleas for Fairfield, Litchfield, New London, and Hartford counties, and district court of Wa-terbtiry; three members state board of cmbalmers, commissioners ot the Ford Griswold tract; a member of the fish and game commissioner; four members board of examination and registration of nurses: two members board of veterinary registration; two members state board of accountancy; harbor masters for Noank, New London, Stonlngton, Norwalk, Stamford, mid Southport; three members state board of education for the blind; thrie trustees Connecticut Agricultural College: "two dental commissioners; two compensation commissioners; commissioner of domestic animals; state police commissioner: three voting machine commissioners; two directors state farm for women; two members state board of chiropractic examiners; three members board of examiners of brbers; three of osteopathic board; four trustees of tho Norwich State Hospital for Insane; seven members Israel Tut-nam Memorial Camp commission; four trustees of Connecticut State Hospital; two state athtetic commissioners; four trustees of the Mystic Oral School tor the deaf; three exam iners in optometry; five ta.t. chem lata; two members agricultural experiment station; tlx directed of Long Lane farm for women; two naturopathic examiners; two pharmacy commissioners; dairy and pure food commissioner; two members publlq health council; five members soldiers' hospital board. ' ' After all the talk of the past several weeks about "filling the governorship chair," Capitol attaches made the surprising discovery Jutt before the inauguration of the past week that there was no chair to fill in the executive chambers. Inquiry disclosed that Executive Secretary Anson T. McCook had taken the swivel chair which Governor Templeton had used during his administration, to the governor's horn in Waterbury, to be kept as , remembrance of his term in the governorship. It is customaiy for governors to keep the chair they us during their administrations, but usually they are sent to the gov ernor's residence by the superlnten. dent of the Capitol after , plat bearing the governor's nam and a statement of his period of rvic has been attached. For the purposes of the double-barreled Inauguration, the superintendent found another chair suitable for temporary use ia another office of the Capitol. It is not expected that Governor Trumbull will change the board of control policy of holding meetings behind closed doors, for the present at least. It has been found that open meetings ot the board embarrass institution and department heads who come before the board frequently for advice on important matters which would be adversely f. fected by publicity. Sometimes it concerns the purchase ef property, premature publication of news about which tend to send up the price by the time the state's representatives got around to . negotiate with th owner. At other times it is deslrabl to raise an institution employee's salary without starting: a generil demand for salary raises among: similar employees in all institutions throughout the state. . - , Representative Benjamin Zrlckson, a lumberman, of Burlington, is evidently the "baby" of the Hartford County delegation in the Hous of Representatives and, possibly, of th entire House. Representative Frederick O. Rackliffe of New Britain and Erickson are both listed in th preliminary roll as being 28 years old, but the exact date of their birth is lacking, and it was not until they met at the legislative caucuses Tuesday night that they found Erickion to be the younger by fifty-thr days. Representatives " Harry B. Lewis of North Stonlngton and Ellii Sylvernale of Norfolk are also it the age of 28. not to mention Senator Joseph B. Griffin of Hartford, th baby of the Senate at that age. NEW YORK BANK AND INSURANCE STOCKS (Vurnishrd by Putnam Co.) The New York Bank Stock market oi the past week witnessed ons of th most active sessions in Its history. Prices wer bid up twenty points or mor la torn canes, with supply of stocks available ever diminishing. A giant merger between the Chatham and Phenix National Bank and the Metropolitan Trust Cur.-.pany irai announced, making- the new "Chatham and Phenix National Bank and . Trust Company" as the combination will b caJled, one of the largest Institutions In New Torlt. The terms ot the merger were not announced but undoubtedly will favor the Metropolitan stockholders. Th stock ef this Institution has mounted frm 35") to 400 in bid price in a month's time. The stock of the Chatham and Phenix has remained more or less unchanged at 300-303. The. most eper.tacular ris of th week occurred in the stock of the Guaranty Trust Company, which wad bid from 310 to 330, closing at 327-330, very near Its top. The stock Is expected to attain much higher prices by those who have been following It closely. At the present tim the price quoted for this stock Is the highest alnce Its sensational drou nt sev eral years aso from 350 to ISO. after Its dividend hart been ojl In half beoiu of the tremendous losses lneorred by th Company at that time. It is cialmed that these losses now have all been written off and that the institution from now on wilt give a true exhibition of its real earning caparlty, . Hanover National Bank, one of the Institutions whose stock Is ever In demand sold at $1,000 per share durlntr the weel, a new high. Others of the higher priced bank stocks to reach new highs were Firs. National which sold at IS50 and United States Trust with sales at 1730. Stocks of all of the banks were mor eotiv than ever before, although they all did not experience exciting changes In prtc through the week. Equitable was J4S-:;-i, Irving Bank-Columbia Trust 237-J."!, y.-ir.-r-ers Loan strong at 790-800. Lawrente Title 260-570, New York Truit 417-430 and Title Guarantee 600-605. National Park was quoted 467-403 at the close. Commerce .KiI-303. Seaboard 510-520 and Chase National very strong at 4:4-428. Among the Insurance stocks, th mont active were Fldelity-phenix. bid un to If on reports of an Increase in capital and Continental at 108-109. Great American selling at 290 was also up as were Westchester t 43-40, Stuyvesant at 183, Niagara at 500 and United States Fire at 120. PARAMOUNT SPLITS WITH CECIL DEMILLE New Tork, Jan. 10. Termination of business relations between Cecil B. De Mille, director, and the Famous Players-I.asky Corporation was announced today after .sailing reservations for Kurope on the liner Georg Washington for the director, his wife, and a half dozen of his Btaff were canceled summarily. Asked whether the cancellation by mutual agreement of Mr. De Mill' contract meant the formation of a new producing company, a representative of th director said; "He will have to do something of that aort. You know he has been . Incorporated, like a lot of men, for some time. H:s future plans are entirely unsettled for the present, but we will have an announcement of important to make within a week or ten days, or possibly two weeks." 1 STEAMSHIP MOVEMENTS 4 . Arrived. Ohio. Southampton. January 1. from New York for Hamburg. Ix Bourdonnais, Vigo, January . New York. - Montclare, Liverpool, January Id St. John. N. B. Lapland, New Tork, January Id Antwerp. ; France. New Tork, January 10. Havre. nlled. . Providence, New Tork,, January 19, for Madeira. 1 Voltaire. Buenos Aires, January lftV for Npw York. Seythia, Liverpool, January 19, Ne Totk. Niagara, Havre, January-ID, Houa ton. ", ... A

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