The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on August 16, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Friday, August 16, 1974
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Election of governor is about 11 weeks away ANDERSON (Editor's note: Minnesotans will elect a governor in just over 11 weeks, warming up with a primary in 25 days. In an attempt to outline the issues, The Associated Press interviewed the major party candidates and presents their views.) By GERRY NELSON Associated Press Writer ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - In a preview of forthcoming campaign debates, Gov. Wendell Anderson said Thursday that Republicans are running a totally negative campaign "because they're embarrassed by our successes." His GOP opponent, State Rep. John W. Johnson, says Anderson is using a "playboy approach" to being governor and is careful shielded by his staff from the press and public. In separate interviews, both men indicated that it will be the Anderson style of governing and how the public views it that will be the central issue of the campaign. Anderson, 41, is riding the crest of an unprecedented popularity with poll ratings well above those usually accorded an incumbent. Johnson, 44, is trying to slash away the trimmings of a governor he says is largely an image, created by political image- makers. Both men have pledged to join in televised debates throughout the state, although Anderson has demurred until after the Sept. 10 primary. In their own words, here is how the two candidates took at the campaign: The Anderson image: JOHNSON-"Perhaps the No 1 issue is the lack of leadership of the governor himself. Everytime we hear or see anything about him he's either playing hockey or playing golf or fishing or SCUBA diving or eating corn on the cob or signing bills or cutting ribbons. "But we never hear him answering questions at a'public forum, we seldom hear him making positive statements on any issue of any kind. We seldom hear him in an open press conference ... every question that is raised about his position or his activities is answered by nor is very carefully protected and shielded and really is not the governor." ANDERSON-"If someone is concerned with image ... he wouldn't have as spokesmen Ted Smebakken and Tom Kelm. They're competent, they're decent, they're good and they're honest. But they're not pretty. If you are concerned with sophistication and class, they're not the kind of guys you use." Anderson says he has made a deliberate effort to make a public showing at hundreds of events, not for television exposure but to be "cooperative." ANDERSON-'Tve participated in almost every kind of s is answered by civic event that comes along. Tom Kelm or Ted Smebakken I've gone to the bottom of a (governor's aides). The gover- lake. Now this maybe isn't a di- rect responsibility of the governor. But the point is, I've tried to cooperate with civic groups, with organizations on worthwhile projects; I've tried to cooperate with the press. I think I've worked very hard at my job." JOHNSON-"He's being handled in the classic manner, just like the textbooks say on the care and feeding of a governor. Keep him out of the controversial issues and have the staff answer anything, and whenever he appears make sure it's going to be his best side toward the camera." Much of the campaign talk by Republicans has concerned the "governor's fund." Republicans usually call it a "slush fund." After being elected in 1970, Anderson kept on raising funds, much as he did during the campaign. He has raised about $460,000 thus far since January 1971, the money coming from about 3,000 contributors. Anderson says the first purpose was to pay off his 1970 campaign debt. Next came expenses of his 1971 inaugural and funds to pump into legislative campaigns in 1972. Anderson says he has "bent over backwards" to use only his own political funds for any gubernatorial trip or speech that might be tained as "political." Johnson has called it "government for sale to the highest bidder," but his charges have been in the form of questions, with no head-on charges. Continued on page 12 JOHNSON 'DailyJournal IQIstYEAR NO. 193 FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA 56537 FRIDAY, AUGUST 16. 1974 SINGLE COPY IQc DDRC walk-away arrested In Moorhead Hospital 'open-door' policy criticized Leaders flee from offices inside Cyprus By PHILIP HAGE City Editor County law enforcement officers, judiciary officials and state hospital personnel can't agree what should have been done about Brad Belland. But .they agree as to what shouldn't have happened. Belland, 18, a Moorhead resident, was arrested late Tuesday night in Moorhead after allegedly side-swiping three automobiles. Belland was charged the next day by Moorhead Police with driving under the influence of intoxicants, reckless driving and leaving the scene of an accident He is.being held without bond in Clay County jail. At the time of the accident, BeUand was under unauthorized ahtence fro the Drug Dependency Rehabilitation Center (DDRC) at the Fergus Falls State Hospital Belland was committed to DDRC July 29 by Clay County Judge G. L. Dosland, He entered the center the following day. Three days later he walked away from the center. He was arrested in Moorhead and returned to Fergus Falls on Aug. 5. He left again Tuesday. Brad was participating in the "open-door" treatment program for drug dependency at the state hospital. The open- door policy program is a euphemism for a program initiated by the state hospital in the early 1960's that contrasted with the former policy of confining all patients. The open-door policy was adopted after administrators decided that patients should have more ready access to the outside; world, according to John Bloom, assistant administrator. All the living units for DDRC and the mentally ill at the hospital are "open" to the extent that patients are able to move freely throughout the ward with nominal supervision by hospital staff. Some patients are permitted to walk around the hospital grounds without supervision. But there are also confinement areas in both treatment units for patients who aren't able to handle the responsibility of their own freedom, Bloom said Thursday. The DDRC handles between 500 and 600 persons each year, serving a 13-county area. The state hospital helps about 1,000 mentally ill persons each year. Hospital administrators say that less than one percent of the patients walk away and cause serious trouble in the community. But one of them was Brad Belland. Brad was committed for inebriacy. A county judge may commit a person to a state hospital if he determines the WIFE KILLED—The 47-year-oW wife of Presideit Chang Hee Pwk cf St«fc Horn died Thanday from a gunshot wound ID the head sbe sustained during an assassination attempt on the President's life IB Seoul. The couple Is shown here as they are surrounded by supporters daring his presidential campaign in 1971. (AP Wlrephoto via Seoul) person is mentally ill, mentally deficient, or subject to drug dependency, whether it be to alcohol or drugs. If the judge decides the patient represents no danger to himself or to society, he is committed to a regional mental hospital. If the judge determines he may represent a danger, he may be sent to a state hospital in St. Peter for confinement. But after a person is committed, a judge cannot revoke or change his committment order and send the person to St. Peter. The person is under the custody of the state, beyond the court's control, unless he commits a crime. "From the legal standpoint, there is no remedy," according to Otter Tail County Juvenile Judge Henry Polkinghorn. "Nothing can be done." If a person is involuntarily committed to DDRC, he can be held only as long as he can be treated. Most patients, whether they are committed or enter voluntarily, decide they have a problem and can be helped. Under state law, if a patient refuses to be treated, he must be released unless hospital staff are able to document why he should be held for further United Fund sets kick-off The annual Fergus Falls United Fund kick-off is scheduled for Sept. 28, Oscar Sorlie, president of United Fund, announced today. Members of the publicity committee met last week to formulate plans for the drive. Terry Black, drive chairman, informed the committee he would be releasing his "Black list" within the next couple of weeks. The "Black list" will be the names of drive chairmen for the various sections of the city. So that the public will be better informed about the various agencies supported by United Fund, articles will appear in the Daily Journal and reports by way of radio will tell of the services provided by agencies. Black said Cliff Maxwell, YMCA director, and Lana Larson, Red Cross director.willbeinchargeofthe reports. "The United Fund supports a wide variety of service agencies that provide services the government cannot and will not provide," Black pointed out. Counseling, health planning and recreation for all ages are among community activities included in the programs. treatment. But Brad refused to admit he had a problem and decided to leave. He told Judge Dosland Wednesday that leaving DDRC was not difficult. He said he simply walked away after discovering the pattern in times he was checked by hospital staff. "You don't escape from an open-door program," Tom Shubitz, Brad's drug dependency counselor says caustically, "You just walk away. And you're not an inmate, you're a patient Those are penal terms." Some patients fall into the gray area between treatment, such as at the DDRC or wards for the mentally ill, and corrections, such as a jail or prison. Judge Dosland has been critical for some time of the state hospital's open-door policy. "The open-door policy is not properly applied, it doesn't work' for everyone," Judge Dosland told the Daily Journal. "There has to be some way to keep track of them." Administrators at the state hospital agree, and have been discussing for some time a new DDRC program to handle their persons. "We're considering a specifically designed treatment program, one which may include locked areas" for patients who need to be confined or watched more carefully, according to Pat Madden, program director. One feature of the new program may be to confine all new admissions, who will have to "earn" their way into an open ward. City police admit there have been some problems with patients who walk away from DDRC and wards for the mentally Ul, but say those who are picked up don't cause serious problems. Police say there have been no extra problems for the city since the hospital changed from confinement to an open-door policy. But Sheriff Carlton Mortensen has some reservations about the policy, and at times feels frustrated about it. "1 don't think a person should be jailed if he has been committed for mental illness or alcoholism," Mortensen said. "It's just not the place for them." Mortensen does feel that if a person is committed there is a "purpose and a reason" for it, and these persons should be watched carefully. Mortensen agrees that the number of patients who walk away from the hospital is few, but that those who do leave, do so more than once, and are the ones who are likely to cause Continued on page 12 By The Associated Press The Cyprus government fled Nicosia today as Turkish troops were within hours of slicing off the top third of the island. Turkish Premier Bulent Eceyit said his forces would cease fire at 6 p.m. — noon EOT — and use conquered land to impose a federated state with separate Turkish and Greek administrations. Turkish forces have already taken Famagusta, 35 miles east of the capital of Nicosia. They were completing the conquest of Morphou, 20 miles west of Nicosia, and were driving toward Lefka, 10 miles further west. At the same tune, Turkish air and artillery attacks forced the Cyprus government to abandon the capital and flee to the south coast port of Limassol. Cyprus President Glafcos derides and his ministers fled so hurriedly that the doors of the deserted presidential offices were left banging in the wind. There was no evidence that any attempt had been made to remove files or other papers. The building was completely deserted. Ecevit said the Turkish troops were expected to reach their "military objectives no later than the cease-fire hour." He said the military objectives did not exceed the political ones Turkey asked for at the Geneva conference table. The objectives apparently involve carving out a Turkish sector in the northern third of the island which would be cut off from the south by a line bisecting Cyprus from Lefka in the west to Famagusta in the east. The Turkish troops already have taken Famagusta, and Ecevit's statement indicated that they expected to take Lefka too by the cease-fire deadline. Meanwhile, the danger of war between Greece and Turkey lessened as Greek Premier Constantino Caramanlis said in a broadcast that the Greek army would not reinforce the Greek Cypriot troops because this would leave Greece defenseless. ' : Turkish tanks late Thursday afternoon rolled into Fam- agusta, the Mediterranean island's chief port. The action established a 35-mile line from the capital, Nicosia, to the east coast. Associated Press Correspondent Peter Arnett reported that the Greek Cypriot national guard and police fled from the city, and the Greek Cypriot quarter was deserted. There was no opposition as Turkish troops moved from the Turkish Cypriot sector into the Greek quarter today. The Turkish radio said the Turks also captured the naval base at Boghaz, 10 miles north of Famagusta. Another Turkish column was pushing westward to extend the line from Nicosia to Lefka, on the northwest coast. It was reported six miles from Morphou, a major town 21 miles west of Nicosia and 10 miles from Lefka. The Turkish Cypriot radio reported Greek and Greek Cypriot troops were "retreating in panic" from Lefka. The Greek Cypriots were believed to have abandoned Mor- phou also. Another Turkish Cypriot broadcast said Turkish jets were heavily bombing the highway from Paphos, in southwest Cyprus, to Lefka to prevent Greek Cypriot reinforcements from reaching Lefka. Turkish jets resumed bombing and strafing attacks around Nicosia at dawn for the third day, and there was little antiaircraft fire. The chief targets were the camp two miles west of the city of the 990-nian Greek army contingent assigned to Cyrpus, and a five-mile strip of factories on the eastern outskirts. However, the Turks- made no attempt to advance into the Greek Cypriot sector. The U.N. Security Council held two more meetings in New York and issued its fourth appeal for a ceasefire. President Ford urged immediate compliance. Continued on page 12 Ten judiciary GOPers draft their own report WASHINGTON (AP) While asserting that former President Richard M.« Nixon was not hounded out of office, a draft report by 10 House Judiciary Republicans says he wasn't impeachable on most charges either. The draft report contends the only "direct and persuasive" impeachment evidence the committee ever received was Nixon's own statement last week that he approved an initial Watergate cover-up effort and then concealed that fact. "We hope that it will not hereafter be said by many that Richard Nixon was 'hounded out of office,' for that is not Off Page One AFL-CIO leader George Meany celebrates 80th birthday today. Page 3 An Interview with the Rev. Barney Kitchen. Page 5 District 6 horse show set Sunday. Page 9 Fertilizer plant to open near city. Page 12 New arrest is linked to killing of Mrs. Park OSAKA, Japan (AP) Osaka police today arrested a Japanese housewife on charges of helping the Korean who tried to assassinate South Korean President Chung Hee Park but killed Park's wife instead. Police said the woman, 23- year-old Kimiko Yoshii, gave the birth certificate of her husband; Yukio, to Moon Sekwang, the 23-year-old assassin, so he could get a Japanese passport in the husband's name. Moon is a Korean who has been living in Osaka. Mrs. Yoshii was charged with violating emigration and passport laws. Police said she admitted giving Moon her husband's birth certificate to help him get the passport Officials said Moon and the woman met while classmates at an Osaka high school and made a trip to Hong Kong together last fall. Seoul's chief prosecutor, Kim 11-too, said the .38 caliber revolver Moon used in the attack was taken from the Osaka police, and the police said it was one of two pistols stolen from their armory on July 18 with ammunition belts and handcuffs. Kim said Moon smuggled the pistol into Korea inside a radio. The prosecutor's office questioned Moon today and said he insisted he was acting alone in the unsuccessful attempt Thursday to assassinate Park. A spokesman said, however. that a search for accomplices was on since there were indications he had been associated with leftist movements. The investigation centered on other Korean residents of Japan and Japanese who came to Seoul for Thursday's Independence Day observances. The government ordered that persons in those categories remain in Korea during the investigation, except for persons carry- ing official passports or other firm identification papers. Except for the reference to leftist contacts, the government gave no indication of why Moon wanted to kill the president. Mrs. Park, 47, and a 16-year- old girl choir singer were wounded fatally when Moon started shooting as the president was making an Independence Day address in the Seoul National Theater. There were about 1,800 persons in the the- ater, and the program was being televised. Park dropped behind the lectern and was unhurt. Moon was wounded in the thigh as security guards opened fire on him, and witnesses said the teen-age girl was hit by police bullets. Bui the government said Moon's bullets hit the girl and the gunman himself as well as Mrs. Park. Mrs. Park is to be buried Monday. true," the draft says. It says that until Nixon's own statement, the only Watergate cover-up impeachment evidence the House committee had was "layer upon layer of hearsay." The 10 Republicans voted against all three impeachment articles approved by the committee, but all 10 announced after his Aug. 5 disclosure that they would vote for the Watergate cover-up article on the House floor. Seven committee Republicans voted for at least one impeachment article. Nixon resigned before the end of the week, saying his loss of support in Congress left him no other choice. The minority report of around 100 pages is to be published with the 175-page majority report and individual views next week as the Judiciary Committee's official report on the three impeachment articles. The majority report concludes that "from the beginning the President knowingly directed the cover-up of the Watergate burglary." It also concludes that Nixon "repeatedly and willfully" abused his power by misusing federal agencies such as the Internal Revenue Service and by violating rights of citizens, particularly Pentagon Papers figure Daniel Ellsberg. Sharply disagreeing with both those conclusions, the Republicans' draft report says Nixon did not direct the Watergate cover-up but rather joined "an ongoing conspiracy" to obstruct justice in 1972. It says the only hard evidence is his own statement that six days after the Watergate break-in he approved an effort to steer the FBI away from investigating the first leads that it was his re-election com- mittee's operation. The Republicans' report says the committee's evidence disproved an allegation that Nixon ordered a $75,000 hush-money payment to Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr. It says witnesses established that arrangements for paying the money already were being made by the time Nixon made comments at a March 21,1973, meeting that could be interpreted as meaning that he might approve of it to buy time. The minority report also says there is no good evidence that Nixon ever offered clemency to buy Watergate defendants' silence. The draft report does not comment on other Watergate cover-up charges in the majority report, such as one that Nixon encouraged false testimony by some aides as part of the cover-up. On the impeachment article accusing Nixon of abuse of power, the Republicans' draft report says there is no direct Continued on page 12 WEATHER FERGUS FALLS ARFA Fair to partly cloudy today with a slight chance of a thundershower, high in mid and upper 70s. Fair tonight, low in upper 40s and low 50s. Partly cloudy Saturday with chance of showers, high in mid and upper 70s. Chance of rain 20 per cent today, 40 per cent Saturday. High Thursday 79. Overnight Low 53. At 8 a.m. 58. At noon 71. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today, .<M. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 89. Minimum 60.

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