Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa on October 25, 1933 · Page 7
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Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa · Page 7

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Ames, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 25, 1933
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Page 7
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BUT BBTTII nr AXES' AMES DAILY TMB0JI1 TIMES, AMEJ, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBB1 SB, 1939. m mm. OPEN TO IOWA River Development to Save Freight DAVENPORT - (Social) — When, early in 1114, the Panama canal was opened to commercial traffic it was loudly and Justly proclaimed the long-needed gateway to the western world, a» well a» the attainment of a forthrifht national defense objective. For years it had been a dream of the leading nations of the world, and then the French started to work,—only to iaJl ia the undertaking. More years passed- Finally in 1904, after great preparations, the United States started the work, and like most things the United States does, it was completed. It was * great enterprise. Nothing quite like it had ever been accomplished, and the United States was justly proud of a great achievement. But it was an achievement that cost the future prosptrity of the great middle west. What wag proclamied as the greatest boom to international commerce proved a. requiem to the middle west It left this section a marooned island empire. That happened almost 22 years' ago. For 22 years the middle west struggled to live in the face of transportation competition that was gradually sapping its strength. What industry there wa s in the great plain states could not corn- pet* with coaii industries, while agriculture faced the growing cost of transportation of its products. N«w Era Dawning Now, however, a new era is dawniug for these great plain states. As a. matter of fact, the sun of that new era is already plainly discernible above the hori- &500.000 RIVER IMPROVEMENT AT DAVENPORT Agnet S*inu«l»on . T. A. DES M01NES <UE>— MU» AJ3WM Samuelson. superintendent of public instruction in Iowa, told members of the Iowa Congress of Parents and Teacher* in session her* Wednesday that the schools and community life needed to be linked closer together. The only way this can be accomplished, she explained. Is for Instructors to become more sanmltlve to the needs and aspirations of th» people. Likewise, it should b« the duty of parents to cultivate still greater Interest lit the school a»d its current problems. zon. That new era is being brought abouijby means of the Mississippi river development, the federal gov- erment's gigantic project that is giving to the miJdle western states a water outlet & the world, which me'afis cheaper transportation for their producers. The future of the Mississippi valley states as visioned today with the work of projecting the nine-foot channel into tht upper-river already underway, is a promising on?. With the construction of the locks and roller gate dam at Davenport nearing completion at a cost of more than i5,C00,000, work on others in progress, and contracts for still others let, the huge development is no longer merely a probability, but an established fact. The project at Davenport was the first major one in the river program, and with that now almost finished, work on others, and preparations for still others, are being hastened. Nine Touch Iowa In all. the program calls for the construction of locks and dam.s at 23 points in the upper Mississippi, beginning at Minneapolls-St.Paul and ei ding just above St. Louis. Nine of them will touch Iowa soil, three above Dubuque, three between Dubnque and Davenport, one at Davenport and twft between Davenport and Burlingtcn. With 122/000,000 recently alloted to the project it was decided to erect only the locks first to provide work for the greatest number of men in the shortest period of time. The Hastings project in the St. Paul district was the first completed, with the Davenport project next in order. Last winter, with emergency funds, the main lock and the upper portion of the auxiliary lock of the Canton. Mo., job was started, and with the recent $11,500,000 allotment two locks in the St. Paul district were authorized in addition to the dam at Canton. Above, a view of the mate lock In the $3,500,000 Mississippi liver improvement now being completed at Davenport. The movable span of the government bridge crowe* the lock. Below, a view of the roller dam extending completely across the river, the photograph being taken from the Davenport shore. The project illustrated is the first of 14 similar units to be built on the upper Mississippi river to facilitate barge line traflfe. the outer world. And it means, as well, the establishment of elevator facilities at Iowa's principal river cities, Dubuque, Clinton, Davenport, MuscatiM and Keokuk, natural outlets for Iowa's products. Opens Southeast Market In 1931 there was raised in Iowa 389.940,000 bushels of corn, of which probably 85 per cent was fed to livestock on tie farm. This leaves about 58 million bushels available for sale as corn. Most of that surplus goes to the Chicago market, and will a 1 *- ays be subject to the attraction of low river rates at ouch" ports as those named. Too, there is a market in the southeast and lower Mississippi vailey. for more than 50 million bushels of corn, oats and barley as animal food. Most of that is now being obtained through Kansas City and Omaha, tut Iowa, with the Mississippi improved, can offer its grain to that sectfci. at equally at- tractive prices. Today's artificial barrier to the movement of iowa grains to the lower Mississippi valley is the high railroad freight rate. The transportation of corn by rail from Minneapolis to Memphis a river distance of about 1,100 miles, is-14 cents a bushel. With the river improvement completed, the cost of transporting corn, oats and barley will be approximately five cents a bushel. Tha saving between rail and water cost of transportation will certainly finally fli-d its way, in large measure, into tne hands of the farmer. Competition in bidding upon these commodities will do that. The river project now in progress is an immense undertaking, expected to cost the federal gov- ernlent in the neighborhood. of $124,000,000, but it is a project that is going to bring new life to the great middle west of this country. STUDY CAUSE OF SOFT FA1 Effect of Soybeans Is Discovered Congressmen Favor Revaluation As Moderate Inflation Method , By RAYMOND CLAPPER United Press Staff Corrtspondent (Copyright 1933 by United Press) WASHINGTON (HE)— Revaluation A pig will produce the kind of \ ° f the currenc >' - reducing the gold Now the Muscatine locks project is being materialized and bids have already been advertised for. Really No Limitations Proponents of the project envision vast elevators at the principal river cities storing the millions of bushjls of grain raised in the middle west; growth of present packing houses in Iowa and the moving of others to river cities; the de- velopment'of the steel industry to river cities. There are reall;' no limitations to the outlook. But while the growth of industry in the Mississippi valley states will reflect to the farmer, what the farmer is particularly interested in is the development of river transportation for his products. Water transportation is a cheaper one and the saving should go to the farmer. Most of the 100 million acres devoted to the growing of corn and the slightly more than 61 million acres in wheat lies in the basin drained by the Mississippi and its tributaries. These two middle west staples use nearly half the entire crop area of the entire country. Grain is a commodity peculiarly adaptable to large consignments in bulk, and hence transportation by water is inevitable, it is readily handled mechanically, for a minimum of belts fvLd spouts and a little electric power will transfer it quickly between land and water vehicles. Once on board a river- barge the force of gravity does a large part of the work, and over long distances at surprisingly lit-' tie cost. Don't Tell Whole Story Opponents of Ihe improvement O f the Mississippi river have pointed out that grain is now beiug transported from Duluth to New York harbor at a cost of only fivr> cents a bushel. But these opponents do not point out the additional cost of elevation from lake boats to canal barges at Buffalo, of lighterage from Albany to the ocean liners at New York city, r.tr of insurance. Those costs swell the total to between seven an-1 eight cents a bushel. Nar do they tell yon tl.< cost ol "In? cents now prevail'.!^ will be reduced to five or six cents wh?n "™ ''Ivtr is m ade navigable. fat that is fed to it-r-that i s the evidence in hog feeding experiments being carried on a't Iowa State college as rart of a program of lard study. The college program is in turn a pa-t of a comprehensive project being carried on by a number of research groups. Experiments conducted here tend to show that large amounts of soybeans will produce soft fat in pigs. Less than five per cent of soybeans in the diet. seems to have little effect on the quality of the. fat but 16 Of 17 per cent of soybeans will give a very soft fat. Difficulty rises here because from 15 to 20 per cent of soybeans are needed with corn rations ii* dry lot feeding. When p'.gs are pastured. the soybean rations can be reduced markedly. Tills year, the second in this .particular study, which is being conducted by the animal husbandry section of the agricultural experiment station, of which C.' C. Culbertson is chief, a new attack on the problem hi^F been made. Borne content of the dollar is favored amo'ng many members of congress of the 15 lots of pigs are started on a soybean ratioa but the soybeans are cut out when Uie animal reaches a weight of about 350 pounds. Some others are started on corn and tankage and finished on corn and beans. Swine performance record work, also conducted, by the animal husbandry section, was started in the fall of 1927. Thij year 24 lots of pigs provided by outstanding breeders as well as by regular market producers, all of the animals purebreds, are being studied. The animals are taken ja.t the age of-. 72 .days and carried to. about 225 pounds, when three of the four animals in each lot are slaughtered. Studies so far conducted in this direction show a wide" variation in feeding requirements, from 340 to 480 pounds of feed for each 100 pounds of hog. The study has not been carried on long enough to make it clear .whether those differences are carried consistently through various strains. The wOrk shows pretty clearly that hybrids are more vigorous than pure strains but only the first cross produces a&y ascertainable results. In the second generation, the genetic factors have become mixed up so complexly that nothing can be predicted. It is clear, however, Culbertson points out, that selection and crossing of strains could produce a hog that could be finished and marketed at a lighter weight than at present, say 200 to 225 pounds. But that task would require a number of years and there is no assurance that the demand by that time would not be for a heavy animal again. as a more moderate course than ouH c "™£ rl £ in any way," he says. "The history of the world is so full of its absolute failure that I believe it would only make conditions very much -worse. "The only chance that seems feasible to me, and also seems advisable, is the eventual stabilization of the dollar in agreement with foreign right currency inflation by printing' of additional paper money. This question has been thrust forward in the nation-wide discussion of the. money problem because of President Roosevelt's announcement satisfactorily done by devaluing of the gold basi?. Should inflation be undertaken, it would be impossible to control and would only lead to chaos." Another member. Representative ... . , ! "i*-~»-.4^» AjLl*,A*n/^t , J.WCJJ1 Gat^ULttLI » C looking toward a managed currency | Christiansen, republican Minneso- and his immediate move to buy new- t a, opposes unlimited printing prim ly mined gold at government-fixed - - prices. The United Press has asked all members-of congress to state-their views on -inflation and, if they favor it, the form they prefer it to take. Early replies show almost two to one favoring inflation in some form or other. Some others oppose printing of paper money but favor revaluation of the dollar as a more moderate and more easily controlled course. Some who describe themselves : -as anti-inflationists support it. This course is probably more popiriar among republicans than direct currency expansion. The chief fear expressed regarding credit expansion is that it will not work quickly enough. In the replies so far received there is an undercurrent indicating that unless money, but favors devaluation. "I am not in favor of inflation by means of the printing press, except? ing so far as ft may be done without increasing the present obligation of the government, for instance, in retiring maturing bonds." he savs: '.'I am in favor of inflation by cutting the gold content of the dollar in two, which would, of course, involve a return to the gold standard. This would immediately stop that uncertainty resulting from a constant fluctuation of the managed dollar." Representative Bakewell, republican, Connecticut, an opponent of any basic money change, says: "If, however, any action is to be taken along this line, the form that is easiest to control and therefore least objectionable is that which the administration policy has shown | would involve the revaluing of th- results by the time congress meets, new agitation for compelling action Many of those favoring devaluation of the dollar feel that the time has arrived to do it, thus differing from President Roosevelt who -says that the price'level must have more time to adjust itself. Devaluation is favored for instance, by ' Representative Parker Corning, democrat, New York, who describes himself as an anti-infla- tionist gold dollar so as to fix its value at approximately the present value of our currency." Other congressmen favoring devaluation in their replies include: Adair, democrat, Illinois; Dobbins, democrat, Illinois: Gilchrist, republican, Iowa; McGugin, republican, Kansas; Foss. republican, Massachusetts; Rankin, democrat. Mississippi; Cannon, democrat. Missouri; Mead, democrat, New York; Sinclair, republican, North Dakota; Hollister, republican, Ohio; Feisin- alties and publication of the verdict agaiast him or his newspaper or organization. Other ideas included in the agenda are diametrically opposed to American conceptions. The "right of answer" aims at legislation or decrees which would force newspapers or press , associations to publish the explanation or ansrer of any person or government which considered itself aggrieved or misrepresented by any piece of news. The first item is designed to afford governments and government press departments an opportunity to force newspapers to publish ile- cials of nevrs which the government sees fit to deny. To anyone familiar with the custom of some European governments of issuing denials whe-never they serve nationalist or political ends, this idea is entirely objectionable. Invitations to the conference just issued by the Spanish government have been sent to "official" agencies, chiefs of government press departments (propaganda depart- U. of W. H«atf t« SEATTLE (U.B)— Hugo Wlaken- werder, acting president of the University of Washington will remain in that capacity dUrleg the 1933-34 school year, according to Lewis Schwellenbach, chairman of the board of regents. Schwellenbach said -the board had not found a man yet with the "high calibre we have decided upon to become the president" ments and Independent press associations. The committee also suggests that individual editors, proprietors and national journalistic organltatlons or guilds send representatives. With the spread of dictatorship* tbruout Europe and Asia, freedom of the press, bulwark of democracy, is a thing of the past there. Hundreds of millions' In Europe and Asia know about the outside world only what the current dictatorship wants them to know. Thru censorship, terrorism, government control of communications, (telegraphs, telephones, radio) suppressions of newspapers, actual government control of the press, bans on the entry of foreign newspapers, and other methods of dictatorships keep their domestic, press in absolute subjection. One of the primary principles of dictatorship is abolition of the freedom of the press. Altho dictatorships in the major part of Europe have succeeded in restricting press freedom they have failed to smother Independent unbiased reporting of news from their countries to the world press outside by American newspapers and press associations. Censorship, expulsions of "und3- sirable" correspondents, threats of expulsions, closing of official sources of news, official and social pressure, have been unavailing. Unbiased reports continued to find their way into American newspapers. In the ideas set forth in the Madrid agenda American newspapermen who have studied the questions see another effort of European governments and national interests to block the flow of unbiased news from their countries by imposing upon resident foreign correspondents rules, regulations. and decrees which would tie his hands and restrict his freedom to send accurate, unbiased, uncolored news which, altho true, might be distasteful to the government concerned or regarded as "prejudicial to national interests." WWORKEfiSTO IMIOM IOWA CITY <UJ»> — Social workers, from all parts of Iowa will con- r«ne Oct. 27-28 for a short course in relief work before the winter •eaftou, it was announced here. Tbe conference, tpoiuored by the University of Iowa's division •f social administration, will in- elttde relief leaders from thro* •tattt as principal speakers. are Prof. A. W. McMillan *f tke University »f Ckie**'t era*, uato Mho*! o* social •tal*i«tn^ tioa; Mftjfutt Rick of New tort, representative of the Faatty Welfare association of America, awl Edith Miller, St. Louis, field r*pr«. •entativ* of the America* R*4 Crocs. Instructkm will be givw !• CM* investigation and other fundamentals of relief work. * Austria has adopted the blue eagle In its war against «n*»ploy- JMttt. Fine, so long M tht Wrd doesn't bold a saber and a gu i» its talons. 4. T i * i t ... —»w»**wfcwi , *s>J^U.l.Hi^«X I certainly do not favor inflation ger, democrat Ohio. Freedom of American Press to Report Events in Europe Faces Threat in Madrid Conference! Bright Spots in Business "'" , figures concern tha northwest's market Ainn , Minneapolis, , „,„„ , m)10|y «*ny from lo« a farms. That menu* By UNITED PRESS Republic Steel corporation earns September quarter net profit of $148.239, against net loss of ?3,419,353. in corresponding 1932 quarter. Parker Rustproof company reports third quarter net profit of $180,324, against $1,713 in like 1932 period. Southern Pacific lines reports September net operating income of 11,789,426. against $1.510,517 in like mqnth Inat year. * . __ l^n.., Yellow Truck and Coach Manufacturing company By WEBB MILLER European News M(jr. of U. S NEW YORK (U.E) — Serious potential danger to the freedom of the press—particularly the freedom of American newspapers and press associations for unbiased reporting of foreign news—is contained v in the agenda of tne international press conference meeting in Madrid November 7. This meeting marks another stage in the campaign waged unceasingly since the : war by European governments, and foreign offices to '.clamp down upon American and dtljer foreign, correspondents control to 'stifle reporting of" news distasteful to the existing { governments and prevent unbiased news reaching the outside world. Now when there is more widespread and rigid restriction of the freedom of the press in Europe than at any moment since the war the potential menace in certain items of the Madrid agenda to the press of the United States and England and Scandinavia — last remaining major nations where complete freedom of the press exists and there is no censorship of outgoing or incoming news— is unusually significant. The preparatory committee re- 2. Right of answer. 3. Methods of stimulating news likely to lead to rapprochement of nations and peoples. 4. Cooperation between official , press agencies. i 5. Creation of an "international j tribunal of honor." j PERHAPS YOU SAW THEM IN THE CZECHOSLOVAKIA.** EXHIBIT AT THE CENTURY OF PROGRESS ... PEASANT LINEN Lunch an , XBt for tho tran( , porlalloi, of low,, fnnn p rodndH lo earns third quarter net profit of $40262 ngaiiiKt ne.l lo* s of $l,or>0822 in like I«;i2 months E. |. DuPont os Nemours I 1 commends the following subjects be discussed: 1. Me/ins of assuring the correction of false news. j? • " and company earns September net income of $11,981,980, against $5,532,096 in corresponding 1932 quarter. Erie rallrond reports September net. Income of $443,033, against net, of ?122,04() In September last 6. Means of assuring that the j j newspaper profession be exercised only by "competent persons giving adequate guarantees." European conceptions of governmental control and inspiration of i | the press for nationalistic purposes and Europe.in ideas of government to American conceptions of the role of the press that maJiy of .the scenes behind the items of tlje agenda will be found entirely inacceptable to the American press. The agenda is R direct outgrowth of the Copenhagen press conference of .January, 1932, which this writer attended representing the United Press. At Ahat conference the American organizations represented (United Press, Consolidated Press, Universal Service and International News Service) refused to subscribe to the prin- } | cipal ideas because of thHr conflict with traditional American concepts of the independence of the press and freedom from gov- j ernmental interference. The fifth item proposing establishments of an "international tribunal" occasioned the bitterest controversy. As outlined at Copenhagen it, envisages an "international court" of journalists before which newspapermen would he haled In case of complaint regard- Ing the news they published. The "defcndnnt." would have to Justify hlmseK to (lip r-ritlsfnrtion of the '"court" op siiffi-r journalistic pm^ Sets These are identical with sets sold in the Czechoslovakia!! exhibit in the Century of Progress ... but the price is just about HALF. (Another argument for trading at home.) They're woven to resemble homespun linen, and come in gay plaids and checked designs. 54x54 inch cloth and 6 napkins—$2.95. Swedish Luncheon Cloths Another October feature. Designs resemble needle work. Deep fringed edges. 54 inches square. $1.95 Main Floor TILDEN'S "Dependable line* 1169" THURS. FRIDAY x SATURDAY IOC Marquisette 38-to., Yd Mtrctr- TP| 1 Mtrc* 1 bread *Soap Natural Palm 6 bars 150 Comfort Shoes "£*. Motor Oil g g* 1 $1. Motor Oil . . All Used Tires cut l /2 MONTGOMERY WARD & CO. 327 Main St.—Phone 151 COATS •** »•• "Moorfield" Their expensive look is the result of awfully good work by designers of note, but Coats by Moorfield are terribly sensible in price. Fabrics and furs are especially selected for durability as well as smartness. TILDEN'S Dtpcadablt Sinot 18C

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