"^PallifJournal OPINION PAGE SATURDAY, AUGUST 10, 1974 Editorials *nlten by James Gray and Charles Underwood Editorial Merry-Go-Round' Is natural gas supply short? Capital punishment is making strong comeback Some two years ago, June 29, 1972, the Supreme Court struck down laws allowing capital punishment. The court did not impose an absolute ban on death sentences in the U.S.; it simply found that the laws which then allowed that sentence gave so much discretion to those who imposed it that it was resulting in irrational and arbitrary sentences amounting to "cruel and unusual punishment" in violation of the Eighth Amendment. At the present time however, 28 states have enacted new death penalty laws. And this spring the Senate, by a vote of 54-33, approved legislation to restore the death penalty for certain federal crimes It does not seem likely that this type of legislation will make any further progress in this session of the Congress, even though members of the House of Representatives probably would be inclined to approve it. Initially the House Judiciary Committee would have to tackle the issue of capital punishment and at the momertt it does not seem disposed to take on the task. During Senate debate, Sen. Harold E. Hughes of Iowa said, "How is it that a nation that has not suffered the brutality of a public execution for eight years is now deliberately considering going back to the hangman's noose, the electric chair and the sas chamber?" From the other side, Sen. John L. McClellan of Arkansas, says "What it all boils down to is whether it is even 'just' to impose the death penalty. Can man im from documents that he ever be found to have acted so viciously, so cruelly, so had kept under lock and key. much like an animal as to justify society imposing Meanwhile, here's what has upon him the ultimate punishment? I firmly believe K en . go ! ng on in Louisiana's he can." There is little doubt but that public sentiment currently is running towards approval of the death penalty. A number of particularly cruel and callous crimes have made an appearance on the national scene that have caused law-abiding citizens to shudder. An airplane hijacker who causes an innocent victim to lose his life, has committed a heinous crime and deserves dire punishment. The same goes for anyone who takes hostages and then executes them in the course of bargaining. We harbor no sympathy for criminals but when it comes right down to it, we shy away from condoning the practice of taking a life for the purpose of retribution or vengeance. It's hard to explain why and we readily admit that the reaction is due as much to emotion as it is to logic and reason. Rather than invoking capital punishment as a deterrent to crime, we favor the tightening up of prison sentences. Certain crimes should draw stiff mandatory sentences which are not eligible for parole. Habitual criminals whose records bear out the fact that they cannot be rehabilitated, should serve full terms behind bars. By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON-The cost of heating homes and buildings with natural gas will skyrocket next winter, because the giant oil companies allegedly have withheld news of 'major discoveries in order to drive up prices. In a secret report to Chairman Warren Magnuson, D- Wash., the Senate Commerce Committee staff has suggested that the oil companies are "simply lying" about the available gas. "Having succeeded in tripling prices for oil in little over a year," charges the report, "the oil industry is evidently determined to match its achievement on the natural gas side of its business." Not only have the oil companies indulged in "false reporting of the success of offshore drilling" in order to boost rates, suggests the report, but the Federal Power Commission has "done its best to appease the producers" at the expense of the consumers. The FPC, which fixes the rates consumers pay for natural gas, is supposed to protect them from profiteering. But President Nixon installed as chairman a reluctant regulator named John Nassikas, who has helped the oil companies increase their gas profits. We proved this in 1971 from documents that he No trial date set for John Connolly WASHINGTON (AP) — John B. Connelly's plea of innocence in the milk-fund bribe affair has set the stage for what could be one of Watergate's most colorful court battles. Connally, who has consistently denied accusations that he took two $5,000 pay* Ford Continued from pagel dential staff, to be a White House counselor. As Ford was establishing his imprint on White House operations, Nison was flying home to California in the same jetliner he had used on triumphant . journeys as America's chief executive. Nixon's letter of resignation was delivered to the secretary of state at 11:3o a.m. EDT, saying simply: "I hereby resign the office of President of the United States." By the time Nixon reached his San Ciemente estate, the White House was nearly bare of reminders of his pre'sidencv In the Oval Office Nixon's collection of porcelain birds and family pictures were gone from the bookshelves. On the walls of the corridors nearby, color photographs which traced Nixon's personal triumphs - a ( home and abroad were removed and replaced by another set o? photographs —' this one sho-Aing Ford performing his official duties as vice president or House Republican leader. As Ford was pledging a "thorough and responsible" search for a new nee president. Republican senators were debating the credentials of a leading contender, former New York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller. Some Republican conservatives mobilized opposition to Rockefeller's nomination but a long-time Ford friend, Sen Robert P. Griffin, R-Mich., said "It's too early" to speculate seriously about whom Ford will chose. The selection will be subject to congressional approval, repealing the constitutional process that made Ford vice president ei^ht months ago. ments from the nation's biggest dairy cooperative, officially pleaded innocent on Friday to charges of bribery, perjury and conspiracy. Chief U.S. District Judge George L. Hart Jr. set no trial date. When the trial comes, it could bring fireworks. On Connally's side is his lawyer, Edward Bennett Williams, one of the nation's best-known criminal attorneys. Connally himself is head of a Houston law firm that is among the nation's largest. Both men cut impressive courtroom figures. Opposing Connally is the Watergate Special P'rosecution Force, with a nearly unblemished record of courtroom victories. The prosecution has at least three witnesses and what appears to be a mass of documentary evidence. But the case may turn on the believability of a single star witness, Jake Jacobsen, 55, a former aide to President Lyndon B. Johnson. And Jacobsen has already admitted lying under oath. fabulously rich offshore gas fields: From 1969 through 1971, the oil companies found gas from 7.9 to 9.4 per cent of the time when they made exploratory drillings. Then in 1972, just as t!ie FPC began preparing its findings in a rate case, the success ratio dropped dramatically to 2.4 per cent. In 1973, it plummeted all the way down to one per cent, even though offshore drilling was producing as high as 24.2 per cent success in other parts of the country. "Either the oil industry has entirely lost the ability to locate new deposits of... gas in the most promising territory," states the secret report with brutal simplicity, "or it is simply lying about what it has found. The first explanation seems extremely unlikely. "The less success the industry shows in its exploration, the higher the price it can demand for its gas," the report points out. Once the price is set, new developmental wells may produce "prolific quantities" in the same areas where exploratory wells "reportedly found nothing." Even the FPC's natural gas planning chief, Gordon Zareski, conceded to us that he has "never seen such a gross aberration" as the figures submitted by the oil companies on their Louisiana drillings. The day after we inquired at the FPC why they had accepted the oil industry's figures ivithout any question, the FPC suddenly dispatched a letter of explanation to Magnuson. The American Petroleum Institute, which furnished the FPC with the dubious figures, defended them. A spokesman told us: "Some years you hit it and some years you don't. Nobody would like to find gas more than we would. It has been very disappointing." Footnote: Like the FPC, the Federal Energy Administration relies on the oil industry like a blind man relies on his seeing eye dog. The FEA is preparing, for example, to stop allocating residual fuels for 90 days. This will benefit Exxon, which now controls the lion's share of the home heating market in the Northeast. With the dropping of Ihe allocation program, Exxon won't have to supply small, They'll Do it EvervTime THE Aur USUALLY ftJLUMG A MINI-SOW? independent competitors. .The manager of the FEA's residual fuels section, who helped draft the decision to end the allocation program, is John Vernon. He came to FEA from Exxon. Vernon insisted to us, nevertheless, that he had "no significant input" into the decision bcnefitting Exxon. He had severed "all ties" with Exxon and "absolutely did not have" a conflict of interest, he said. "I look at my job like I joined the Army," he said. "I'm sworn to defend my country " WASHINGTON WHIRL: An investigation last year found that 28 states had misused $43 million in federal funds earmarked to help educate poor children. Now, a year later, only $50,000 has been repaid by four states. Instead of repaying the federal treasury, states have been given the option of using the misspent funds for new local programs to help disadvantaged students. But only two states have expressed interest in reapplying the money for this purpose...A closed-door conclave has concluded that some 12 million of America's 72 million cats and dogs are destroyed annually in control centers. Another 15 million are estimated to be at large, some in wild dog packs, others carrying disease, but most of them merely suffering from exposure and starvation. The pet experts recommended increased spaying, castration and research on birth control measures. . . The FBI has busted a Washington "spy shop" whose proprietor, Robert Dorsen, claims that G-men were among his steadiest customers. Under a 1968 privacy law, the agents seized some miniature microphones and telephone taping devices. An FBI * Metro Continued from pagel time, but Donna admits his constant presence makes her nervous. "The first couple of weeks weren't so bad, but it's hard having him around the house all the time," she says. Grunewald considers himself more fortunate than many of the others who were laid off. He has been helping his father harvesting on the farm, and may take over the farm when his father retires. He says their neighbors in Carlisle have been more than willing to help them out when the times got tough. "We've been eating quite a bit more macaroni," Donna says with a wry smile. "We don't starve. But as far as school clothes go, I just don't know where the money will come from." When the packing plant closed for three months in 1973, Grunewald lost three weeks vacation pay. He lost his vacation pay again this year when the plant closed. "If they have money after selling the plant, they say they'll pay for the vacations," he says. But he doesn't sound too convinced. "We're fed up. We're just about at the end of the rope." You can't expect a man to remain patient forever. spokesman said the bureau's records show no purchases from Dorsen's German Hi-Fi Center, although individual agents may have patronized the place ... Our exposes of microwave damage to radar operators caused the Veterans Administration finally to give benefits to two ex-GI radar men. Now we are happy to report that the Labor Department has given a similar award to a Federal Aviation Administration specialist, Chris Speros of Atlanta, whose cataracts resulted from his federal radar work. Dear Minnie: Who owns what around this household? Well, it isn't always too tough to figure out most of the time, although once in a while it can get complicated. You don't have to be a Phi Beta Kappa to know that I own the stove, dishwasher, ironing board, clothes line, washing machine, and all pots and pans. Ed has title to all shovels, lawn mower, sidewalks, driveway, hammers, saws and the reclining lounge chair. Disputes do come up though Take the TV set. It belongs to Ed when he wants to watch football or some old western movie or his favorite detective. But somehow it magically becomes mine when the screen suddenly fills with wavy lines and it's time to call the repairman. I get my instructions (or orders) quickly. "For gosh sakes, Sadie, get ori the phone tomorrow first thing and get someone to look at this set. How do you expect me to keep up with the happenings in the White House when the TV in on the blink?" (Funny thing, I didn't know that Kojac was a newscaster). We never have decided who owns the checkbook, although I guess I've kind of inherited it after all these years. And I don't mind. It's easier this way. Ed has never won anv trophies for adding and subtracting so when our account has been overdrawn its usually his fault. When his figuring goes astray he throws down his trusty ballpoint pen and walks away. Then I have to straighten things out. Ed's a great one for knocking my projects. At least when I ask his advice about them. When I decide the kitchen needs a face-lifting or the bedroom windows new curtains, I call him in for consultation (I know beforehand what he's going to say. but I like to keep him posted on what'shappening). "How about this luscious green paint for the kitchen walls'? It will blend perfectly with our avacado refrig and stove." "Sadie old dear," he tells me, "You're one of the great cooks of all time, but when it comes to colors your taste is bad, bad, bad. Let's forget the whole thing. The old paint is chipped and peeling in only a few places. It's good for at least a couple more years." Of course I don't let him influence me at all. Not a bit I go right ahead. And then when it's all done and the neighbors drop in and praise my interior decorating, Ed is right in there to share the credit. "Gracious, Sadie," my neighbor will say, "it's beautiful. How did you ever manage to come up with such a marvelous shade of green?" Before I can even open my mouth to say a word Ed pipes up, "Oh, we picked out the colors together." Did you catch that "we" business, Minnie? But I don't correct him and point out how he fought the whole business. After all, he does pay the bill. Honestly, I don't think 1 can write much more today. I've been distraught and upset ever since Thursday evening when I watched the President tell us he was going to resign. Maybe he's been involved in a lot of wrongdoing but it wasn't easy to watch him actually give up. I never thought I'd live to see a man forced to walk away from being President of these United States only two years after most of us voted him in by a landslide. Goodness, this whole mess must have been a horrible ordeal for Pat, Julie and Tricia. Do you suppose he told them the truth from the very beginning? Or were they all just as surprised as 1 was.when he finally admitted being guilty of helping in the cover-up? Well, I'm not even sure I want to know the answer. Anyway, the sun came up Friday morning and Mr. Ford was the President by the time it went down. And the sun came up again on Saturday so it looks like everything is going to be OK. Ah yes, life goes on. And for me that means heading to the grocery store. As Ever, Sadie. _^ - - . »».< RATHER HAVE A MAHOUT TH/\N A MAHAKAJAH. Ford stressing need for action on U.S. economy WAQHfNflTnVT /ADi TU_ re ___ i i ___ __i__ i «. // WASHINGTON (AP) - The government's economic advisers are under orders from President Ford to outline actions he can lake to deal with inflation, which they now say will be worse this year than they had predicted. The news that inflation would not decline in the last half of 1974 by as much as previously believed was the message Ford received from the circle of economic advisers on his first day as president. It was at that meeting Friday afternoon in the White House that Ford said inflation would be a "high and first priority" of his administration. He called for the outlines of the various actions he could take to combat inflation and scheduled another session with the economists next week. Ford believes inflation to be the world's greatest problem, and many believe the current rate of 11 per cent a year in this country is the major concern of the electorate. Kenneth L. Rush, a special presidential adviser on the economy, said in a telephone interview that not only will inflation be somewhat worse than thought, but the nation's economic output will probably show a small decline in 1974. A small increase had been predicted earlier. Rush said the rate of inflation will probably be between 7 and 8 per cent by the end of the year, "and probably nearer to eight than seven." He said there is some feeling the rate may be above 8 per cent. So far this year inflation has been above 11 per cent, but administration economists had been predicting this would decline to a rate of about 7 per cent by year's end. Rush said Ford made clear he "wants action and wants it soon." Treasury Secretary William E. Simon, who also attended the meeting, agreed with Rush in a separate telephone interview. "The inflation forecast is a little worse than our original forecast," Simon said. Rush said causes of the worsening economic outlook include the drought in the Midwest farm belt which has lowered the crop production outlook. Wholesale farm prices increased 7.8 per cent in July. Besides Rush and Simon, others at Friday's meeting were Chairman Arthur F. Burns of the Federal Reserve Board, Herbert Stein and Alan Greenspan of the Council of Economic Advisers, Budget Director Roy L. Ash, and former Pennsylvania Gov. William E. Scranton. Ford has asked Simon to remain permanently as treasury secretary and Simon has agreed to stay, his aides said Friday. Ford also reaffirmed former President Richard Nixon's appointment of Greenspan, a New York economic consultant, to succeed Stein as chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers when Stein leaves at the end of this month. Simon, Greenspan and Burns will be regular members of Ford's economies team. Ash and Rush have been asked to stay in their posts for a transition period, but their future beyond that is less clear Rush said Friday he will be willing to stay if Ford wants him to. Business News FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. VEVBEK O Press s er' t:ea e ' 'HE ASSCC'HTEO > Fergus Falls bank debits up 18 pet. Bank debits in Fergus Falls during June this year showed an increase of 18 per cent from the same period a year ago, according to statistics released by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. For Minnesota the June volume of bank debits for reporting cities increased 17 per cent from June of last year. Debits for the 12 months through June 1974 increased 20 per cent from the previous 12- month period. Fergus Falls bank debits increased 30 per cent in that period. In dollars, Fergus Falls bank debits volume during June was $38,317,000. In the same month of 1973 the total figure was $32,550,000. Here are bank debits for other cities in this area. Shown are debits for June this year, June last year and the percentage of change. - Alexandria $29,489,000$28,725,000, up 3 per cent. Detroit Lakes $26,791,000$24,330,000, up 10 per cent. New York Mills $6,395,000$4,689,000, up 36 per cent. Pelican Rapids $6,429,000$4,892,000, up 31 per cent. Perham $8,102,000$6,795,000, up 19 per cent. Wadena $17,343,000; $15,660,000, up 11 per cent. Elbow Lake $5,923,000$4,975,000, up 19 per cent. Wheaton $8,779,000$6,685,000, up 31 per cent. Barnesville $4,484,000$3,555,000, up 26 per cent. Moorhead $65,227,000$58,594,000, up 11 per cent. Breckenridge $12,751,000; $10,161,000, up 25 per cent. Kiinnert wins honor for insurance sales Leo A. Kiinnert, Farmers Union Insurance agent of New York Mills, has been named to the company's Mile High Club for outstanding sales and service to policy holders over the past 18 months. A Farmers Union agent for 15 years, it's the second time he has won the election to the honor group. Membership is chosen from the top 10 per cent ef all agents in 23 states. (.unmans attend fall buying snow Mr. and Mrs. Don Luhman and Bradley Dale from the H&L OK Hardware Store attended Dieseft, Mark firms apparent low bidders Two Fergus Falls firms were apparent low bidders on trunk highway improvements listed by the Minnesota Highway Department when bids were received in St. Paul July 26. Dieseth Specialty Company bid $575,642 on installation of traffic barriers on an 80-mile stretch of 1-35 and TH 2 in Carlton, Pine and St. Louis Counties. Work is to begin Sept. 3 and to be finished in 50 working days. The Dieseth company bid $167,591 on installation of traffic barriers on TH 9 in Taylor Falls, slated to begin Sept. 3, the work is to be done in 55 working days. Mark Sand and Gravel Company bid $347,051 on turn lane and shoulder construction on TH 75 in Clay and Wilkin Counties. The work is to begin Sept. 3 and to be completed within 50 working days. The Dieseth company bid $362,028 on installation of traffic barriers at 51 bridge sites and three hazardous places in the construction district headquartered in Duluth. To begin Sept. 3, the work is to be completed within 75 working days. Kruize wins award for sales, service Peter Alan Kruize, 609 W. Maple,~ an insurance representative with Combined Insurance Company of America, has won the Pearl Award for outstanding sales and service. Tha Combined group of companies specializes in non- cancellable accident and health income protection and life insurance. Last year the group paid benefits in excess of $96 million. HenrJrikson completes 12 months training Clem Hendrickson, Farmers Insurance Group, 325 W. Lincoln, has received a certificate of accomplishment on completion of a 12-month career training program. Candidates for the Group's program are given training and experience in automobile and fire insurance, policy service and basic claims handling. They also receive training in life insurance and commercial lines, underwriting and claims the fall buying show of Farwel), / handling while attending school Ozmun ami Kirk in St. Paul at . on e of the company's Sunday and Monday. regional offices.
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