Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on August 5, 1965 · Page 20
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 20

Ironwood, Michigan
Issue Date:
Thursday, August 5, 1965
Page 20
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IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1963. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Dally Globe is on independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher A Great Pacific State? Extension of the natiomil borders of the I'n- ited States to the far reaches of the Pacific is envisioned in a resolution soon to be introduced in the Senate. The essential scheme would be to have the State of Hawaii annex the Marianas, Caroline, and Marshall islands, now held as a trust territory under the United Nations. American Samoa and Guam might be included, in addition. Samoa was partitioned between Germany r.nd the United States in 1SS7. (Western Samoa, which had been administered by New Zealand, became the onlv independent state in the South Pacific in 1962.) Guam was ceded to the United Slates by Spain. The United Nations mandate of the Trust Territory was es- lablished after World W:n II. The "Big Hawaii" scheme is being pushed by Gov. John A. Burns (D). who as delegate to Congress fought for f inal adoption of the Hawaii Statehood Act in 1959. The resolution broaching the proposal is the work of Sen. Hiram Fong (R Hawaii), giving it a certain bipartisan cast Sen. Ernest W. Grucning (D Alaska), who was director of the Office of Territories during the Roosevelt administration foresees the day when there will be "i great Pacific state in which the outlying areas would be part of Hawaii." Gruening stresses however, that this arrangement must be wholly a matter of "mutual consent" not only of Hawaii but also of Guam. Samoa, and the Trust Territory. Sentiment in the island state runs strongly in favor of the plan. In an editorial which pointed out practical problems, the Star-Bulletin of Honolulu went on to rhapsodize: "Despite the obstacles and the difficulties, the plan is well worth pursuing as a step toward the fulfillment of Hawaii's destiny as a link between the peoples of America and Asia." The immediate reaction of Guam's newly elected and first representative to Washington, Antonio B. Won Pat, was that Sen. Fong's proposal "would simply mean the substitution of one form of absentee government for another." Guam's representative predicts that his people will reject the scheme it ever it is put to a referendum vote. The two U.S. territories in the Pacific, Guam and Samoa, now have self-rule on a democratic basis. The American tru<t islands—the Carolines, the Marianas, and the Marshalls— elected last month their first territorial congress with extensive legislative powers. Island spokesmen at a recent territorial conference in New Guinea said that they were satisfied with this stage of self-government. They did not envisage leaving American protection. The chief objector to American annexation of the mandated islands, of course, would be the Soviet Union. The Russians could be counted on to exercise their veto power in the U.N. Security Council to thwart U.S. "colonialism. ' But, as the Washington Post, which labeled the Fong plan "troublesome," concedes, "It is no secret that the present situation is not ideal.' A Big Hawaii remains a possible, if not an immediate, solution. Traffic Jobs Go Begging In the early days of the automobile, the immediate goal of engineers was to build as many miles of higl,,vays as possible. Today, the very success of this stupendous redesign of the country, which has been both a cause and an effect of /ooming auto production and use, has resulted in new problems —particularly traffic congestion and accidents and a shortage of highway transportation engineers to plan, manage and operate America's 3.5 million miles of roads. The United Stab's has only fi.600 specialists in transportation planning, design, traffic operations and traffic research, says a report of the Automotive Safety Foundation. We could use 1,400 more right now; by 19SO we will need 2,200. There are two principal reasons for the shortage. One is that highway transportation lacks the glamor uppeal ol some of the other new branches of engineering, such as space and electronics. The other is the lack of educational financial assistance. According to the foundation, $360,000 a year in additional support would bring the (raining program up to a desirable level. Compared with the 41-plus billions we are {•pending for the Interstate Freeway System, .this is indeed small potatoes .Compared with the human and financial cost of 48-plus thousands of traffic deaths every year, it shrinks to nothingness. Coast Guard Milestone On August 4, 1790. the First Congress of the United States authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase 10 vessels for securing the collection of revenues.' That tiny fleet, originally called the Revenue-Marine and for eight years the only seagoing armed force of the young country, was the beginning of the U.S. Coast Guard. Today, the thousands of men of this service, with scores of ships and planes, not only continue to carry out their traditional duty of patrolling the American coast; they sail in every one of the seven seas, from Arctic to Antarctic. They operate and maintain, among ether things, a worldwide network of navigation stations, buoys and other aids, a nuclear- powered lighthouse, icebreakers, iceberg patrol and rescue service. Most recently, 17 Coast Guard ships were assigned to help the Navv protect the coast of South Viet Nam against infiltration of guerrilla arms, men and supplies. Walnut shells abound in Neolithic dwellings from 7000 B. C. Gosh, is the shell game that old? Dad claims there's a place for everything in his house. But Junior hasn't found out about it. Honoring Martha Graham (Copyright 1968, King reaturt* Syndicate. Inc.I By John Chamberlain Aspen, Colo. — They gave Martha Crab am, high priestess and authentic 1 genius of the modern American dunce, the second annual 830,000 Aspen Award in the humanities at the mid-summer convocation here in a huge red, white and blue tent—and this commentator, who believes in spontaneity and the voluntary way of life as against stale-ordered things, found the whole affair a moving confirmation of his philosophy. To begin with, this Rocky Mountain town of Aspen is a memorial to unfettered men. It was once a frontier silver mining camp, reachable over 12,000-foot Independence Pass (still a scary stretch of unpaved road hugging the canyon sides) from Leadville, and when the anti-silver "gold bugs' took sole charge of the American money supply in the nineties its Victorian structures., abandoned to the ghosts, began to fall to pieces. But a Chicago industrialist, Walter Paepcke, saw possibilities in the place—and following his nurturing touch it has come back as a combined ski and art center. Its architecture is a fascinating blend of Alpine chalets, A-frames and mining town "old American." Its winters are alive with exhilarated cries as adepts at parallel-turn skiing dodge the more awkward Schuss bunnies on its slopes, and its summers are given over to forums, panels, concerts, and lectures, the liighlight being the Aspen Award, which was established last year by Robert O. Anderson, the chairman of the Aspen Institute For Humanistic Studies. Martha Graham, who still dances with her company at the age of seventy-one was plainly delighted to receive a check for $30,000 in a tent that was all dancing movement as a mountain wind played with its roof and flaps. And the speeches, by Henry Allen Moe, president of The American Philosophical Society, W. McNeil Lowry, vice president of the Ford Foundation, and Alvin Eurich, president of the Aspen Institute, were singularly free of the pompous platitudes that usually disfigure memorial occasions. Dr. Moe took occasion to praise the American "dance" of baseball—and he paid his ultimate tribute to Martha Craham when he said that he hud once had a chance to trade her autograph even-up for one of Babe Ruth. He recalled that a youthful fan had once had to put up fifteen signatures of President Herbert Hoover to get one of Babe Ruth, which, to Dr. Moe, was a sufficient commentary on Martha Graham's quality. The U.S. State Department sent a spokesman to read a speech for Roger L. Stevens, the special assistant to the President on the arts, who had to stay at home at the last minute because of an accident. In the words read for him, Mr. Stevens informed the Aspenites of all the great things the federal government proposed to do for the arts. To this observer, the Stevens words were singularly out of key with the occasion. For Martha Graham, the rebel, had come into her own in a period in which America was alive with artists who insisted on fighting the establishment, which included the government of their time. If there had been government nurture of the arts in the days of Martha Graham's novitiate, tlie tapayer, who is a conventional creature when taken in the majority, would have been scandalized to see his money going to support the modern dance. People with long memories will recall the uproard over Mrs. Franklin D. "Roosevelt's attempt to bring unconventional dancers into the war physical fitness program. I distinctly remember Senator Francis Maloney of Connecticut saying, "We just couldn't have that sort of thing." Not so long ago this columnist wrote a favorable piece about Roger Stevens. Mr. Stevens was then trying to collect money from voluntary sources for the John F. Kennedy Center for the performing arts in Washington. This seemed the fitting way to do things in a democracy of people whose incomes are, or should be, their own to spend on cultural activities as they will. But after the Dallastra- gedy Congress collapsed and voted government money to Mr. Stevens. This was quite understandable in the emotional circumstances of the time. But I still say the Aspen way, which is to put support of the arts or a firm voluntary foundation, is the American way. In the long run the rebels, the Martha Grahams of the futuio, will do better if Washington keeps out of their hair. Escalations Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Administrative! 1 / speaking, present system not only is the of government in the United States outmoded but, if not completly reorganized, it will grow even more clumsy and inadequate as population multiplies from decade to d e - cade. Thus, the boys and girls who are ten years old today will, when they are 5 years o 1 d, be living in a country populated by about 438 million people — more than twice as many as today. When this writer was 11 years old, the population of the United States was J5 million people.' It now is 192 million. The sociological changes in the last half- century or more have placed a burden of administration that will continue to increase. The net result may be to leave unfulfilled the worthy objectives of the laws known as "public welfare" legislation. & & & More centralization is bound to produce waste and inefficiency. Decentralization is the logical answer. The main reason why the system of 50 states, with their numerous cities and counties, is not equal to the challenges of today is because the population increases ignore geographical lines. There is, moreover, no way to collect sufficient revenue in states which do not have the • industrial capacity or the income-producing facilities to raise the desir e d amount of taxes. Although the 50 govern o r s would be the last persons in the world to concede that the state systems are outmoded, they themselves — both democrats and republicans — in their recent conference in Minneapolis, Minn., pointed to the complex problems arising as the federal government moves into antipoverty projects, Mass transit, housing and educational p r o grams. This is why there is a great deal of talk about federal r e funds to the states. In such fields as medicare and education, for instance, the National Government is already so deeply Involved that the states find themselves begging for federal funds and are willing to accept a measure of federal control. This could mean expensive administrative processes bee a use the machinery would be too often duplicated. Hence, the trend has been somewhat in the direction of regional administrative procedures. This is especially to be noted in the educational field as well as in the Appalachia program and other anti - poverty projects. or employment The Grant to the States o f refunds of federally coll e c t ed revenue may be experiment e d with now, but it is not the solution. The real answer may come through a system of regional governments by w h i ch the entire state and lo c a 1 structures of taxation would be reconstituted, reserving to t h e federal government cert a in fields, with specified categories left to the local governments. For many years there have been at various times suggestions made that the United States be divided into 12 regional systems such as the federal reserve board has f o u nd useful In dealing with economic and financial factors of the country as they relate to interest rates and banking. It might turn out that, once the advantages oi regional systems of administration are recognized, the whole legislative and executive functions of the national government could be limited to allow wider latitude to the regional systems. A group of st a t e s could elect delegates to a regional legislature which would be co-ordinated with the office of a regional governor elected by the same component states. Twelve regional govern o r s and legislatures, for example, would take a big load off the the Piesident. This would point the way to effective administration as well as to a more efficient use of tax funds. It may be * ft that, under such a system, some regions w o uld include only populous states, while other regions might embrace as many as five or s i x states, depending on the number of citizens in a given area. It wouldn't be practicable, of course, simply to divide the country into regions based on population or geography alone, as there are certain resources and industrial factors which some regions possess that other regions do not. Reorganization of the wh o le federal system could be tackled by a constitutional convention . The method for calling such a body into session is provided in the constitution itself. Certainly the idea that man in the White House one and Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Washington Is eyeing the nation's stock exchanges again with the idea of getting more power to review their ways of doing business. In return it may offer them immunity from antitrust suits." Presumably the investing public would get what the Securities and Exchange Commission considers needed additional protection from the professional operators in the stock markets —and the exchanges would be freed of some troublesome suits. The SEC has been asking, and getting, change changes in rules since stock 1963, ex- following a study given emphasis by the 1962 stock crash. After considerable sparring in the early stages of this drive, the exchanges have acquiesced and helped draw up the new rules. ft 6 ft The reforming process is to be ton seems to .feel that government review of what the insiders do would be in the public interest. The SEC may run into opposition from the justice Department's Antitrust Division if it seeks to get blanket exemption of the exchanges from civil and government suits. A number of private antitrust suits have been filed In federal courts around the country against the New York Stock Exchange, charging its members acted like an insiders club to the detriment of brokerage houses that didn't belong. None of the suits has yet been decided. 0 & * The Justice Department has been conducting its own study of the various trading markets of the securities industry. The Supreme Court held in 1963 that the New York Stock Exchange doesn't have blanket immunity from antitrust suits because of SEC regulation. Now resumed, SEC chairman Man- the commission apparently uel F. Cohen indicates in a let- would like to tighten its regula- ter to Sen. A. Willis Robertson i tory powers once more and get of Virginia, chairman of the I congressional immunity for the Senate Banking Committee. i exchanges from antitrust suits. The exchanges haven't been [ But in his letter Cohen indi- too happy about proposals to cated that any action of the SEC have all their actions reviewed, j as a reviewing authority over But once again they are engag-ithe exchanges would be subject ing in talks with the SEC to work out plans that both feel they can live with. The areas in to court review. The New York Stock Exchange has said in the past that which the SEC wants more pow-' it is doing a good job of policing er includes all exchange actions its own members and that SEC review of these actions isn't But in an official in making them, and breakers. rules, enforcing disciplining rule warranted. statement it says has been dis- The exchanges have held that' cussing, such proposals with the they are doing a good job in | commission and expects to policing themselves. Washing-1 reach a satisfactory accord. perhap^ some day 1,000 or more members of congress would be able to enact laws applicable! only co certain sections of the countrv and to collect enou g h taxes for equitable distribution Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Thursday, Aug 5, the 217th day of 1965. There are 148 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On tMs date in 1864, a fleet led by Adm. David Farragut in- Porcupine Mountains state park to date is 79,800, as compared to 84,050 last year. . . .B e s - semer's Speed Boys won the 1955 Michigan-Wisconsin b a se- ball championship by shutting out the Ironwood Red Devils 4-0 behind Jay Bennetts one-hit pitching Thursday afternoon at Gorrilla Field at Bessemer. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 65, low 58. . . .Iron- vaded Mobile Bay under heavy j wood residents are urged to in a cojntry of 300 to 500 million I fire from . land - Bating mines , save and press all tin cans people without a much b e 11 er administrative system seems an unrealistic concept. A new kind of federal system with regional units to supervise and as- and thr ironclad ram Tennes- j which may be salvaged for re- see. Lnrhed to the rigging, Far-1 use by the government. The city ragut gave his immortal command, "Damn the torpedoes — full speed ahead." At the end of Ironwood will hold another tin can collection on August 20. .A jitter-bug contest with sist state and local governments i of tne battle, the Confederacy's cash awards will be the feature in certain fields can surelv do i last outlet on the Gulf of Mexi-, of the Montreal Local 2573 CIO a better job than can be ex- pectel from the overburdened system of today. The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.—(NEA —This country's head long growth in numbers of people, bringinc a torrent of problems, is putting the 50 governors in the same huge boat. The flood of difficulties they are encountering is, in an important sense, a great leveler. For one thing, it is tending to make ol them—with a few exceptions—a collection of face less men who must raise taxes again and again and then hope they will not be recognized on the street. For another, it is washing away some of the chief distinguishing, partisan marks be- ween Republicans and Democrats holding executive office. What emerges from a parley of governors today is a widening concern, sometimes tinged with wisps of despair, over the bigness of everything—government, the problems they must deal with, the money they must spend. ft ft ft In this general mood, Republicans are losing their exclusive Repub mood, geneal the Ineta franchise on the antibig government theme. Big-state Democratic governors are muttering into their Martinis about "federal encroachment" and wondering where it ends. They are growing weary of the endless cycle that nev e r seems tc produce anything but more of the same. They hunger for new break-throughs, for fresh marvels of social invention, but see none on the horizon. Then years from now the gigantic federal interstate highway system will be complete. But the governors know that even before it is finished they will have to be moving fast on a tre- Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23, 1946.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood, Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press li entitled exclusively to the use tot republicatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well a> all AP news dispatches. Member ol American Newspaper Publishers Association, Inland Daily Press Association Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mail within a radius of 60 miles—per year, S12.00; six months, $7 00; three months, $4.00; one month $1.BO. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere— per year, ",421 00; sly months, $11.00; three months. S5.75; one month, $2.00 All mail subscriptions payable in advance. By carrier, S2C.80 per year In advance; by th« week, 40 cents. mendous new multibillion dollar co was closed. On this date In 1884, the cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty was laid in New York Harbor. In lb?2. Congress passed a bill for the coinage of five million half-dollars as souvenirs of the World's Columbian ExposiU:n In 1912, Theodore annual picnic which will be held next Sunday at Upson park. A Daily Thought highway program to keep with choking traffic. The demands in education are The wisdom of the prud e n t man is to discern his way, but Roosevelt,' the folly of fools is deceivin g . '—Proverbs 14:8. . was nominated for the presiden- up i cy Dy tne progressive party. In 1914, British nurse Edith | oug ' n ~ t " n 'o t "" i e " s "t "we "be" called to Cavell was arrested as a spy; ! perform what we cannot.-Abra- We must not promise what we Ten years ago — Harold Stassen was sworn in as U.£ representative of the T, armament Commission. Five years ago — The Defense Department announced that Bernon Mitchell and William Martin, mathematicians dent. already thoroughly forseen and i she later was executed by the nam Lincoln, Civil War presi- well remarked. By 1975 the Unit- i Germans ed States will have more than 225 million people and the school burdens will be preposterous by today's standards — large as they are. An astute staff man with a midwestern governor made a point that at once should encourage and frighten governors employed by the national Seen- . , . . . . .. iii f ir /""'*-\i inn i t o*-\r>o T«rmt 1 if ' ' h n H and everybody else below the federal level: The numbers of people are now so great, and the problems so many, that bigness herafter cannot be operated solely from Washington. The ft ft ft enlargements and complexities of government which lie ahead must of necessity pla c e princiual demand upon state and local authorities. No federal capital city could possibly cope with the .ieed, except to pro vide broad guidelines. An a'de to Democratic Gov. Edmund G. (Pat) Brown of California cited one small but stunning example of what the problems of the 200-million population era can mean. California today spends an astonishing $330 million a year just to get rid of wastes of ali kinds —sewage, industiral waste, etc. By 1990 it must spend $1 billion for this purpose, a sum equal to one fourth of the federal budget in the last year of Herbert Hoover's regime. And California is running out of land in which to bury such wastes. For 30 years many Republicans have allied against bigness in government as if it were a a plot To them and many Democrats, it seems today less like a plot and more like a plague. But all the signs suggest it is a condition they may learn to control a little, but never cure. Timely Quotes History abounds in societies whose beliefs in eternal verities and values also abounded in a full catalogue of horrors inflicted by man upon man. —Carl H. Hamburg, professor of philosophy at Tulane University. I hae lived long and happily because I have never overtaxed my stomach or my brain and have tried to live with young folks. —Louis D. Wallace, of Nashville, on how he managed to reach the age of 97. rity Council, apparently "had gone behind the Iron Curtain." were identified as civil rights Promenade Approved By Ann Arbor Council ANN ARBOR (jAP) — A promenade for Ann Arbor's downtown business district, extending three blocks and to be lined by trees and shrubs, was approved Tuesday by the City The city will foot two- of the $121,000 cost, the remainder. workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman Chaney. and James Record of the Past Michigan Congressmen Vote With Majority WASHINGTON (AP)—All 19 Michigan Congressmen voted with the majority Tuesday as the House passed 328-74 and 10 YEARS AGO — Tempera- sent to the Senate a compromise version of the voting tures: High 83, low 63 .Attendance at the state park at Lake Gogebic is up 10,000 over the tally at this date last year, but the number of visitors t o rights bill. NOW A MODEL Original of the quadriga, or the Porcupine Mountains state bronze chariot of victory, which park has declined nearly 5,000. Attendance at the Lake Gogeic stood atop Berlin's Brandenberg Gate, was almost completely de- Eggs of an ostrich about three pounds each. weigh state park to date this year is stroyed during World War II 24,482, compared to 14,502 at'and, today, a model stands in this time a year ago. At the its place. Berry's World ",.. -An' if Wf co//erf on ARMAMENT conference lit Geneva—maybe De Gaulle and Mao would want a Disarmament conference.'"

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