Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 8, 1948 · Page 18
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 18

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, July 8, 1948
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Page 18
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EDITORIALS s Atomic Control Is a Job tor Science, Not Politics T EWIS L. STRAUSS of the atomic en•" ergy commission has announced a "wholly preliminary, but impressive" development in radioactive medicine. It is now possible, he said, to inject radioactive colloidal gold into a cancer that can be reached with a hypodermic needle. It is also possible to send radioactive iodine to any part of the body and concentrate any desired amount there without harm to other tissues. These are not cures for cancer. As yet they are not even treatments. But they may be the spearhead of an attack which someday will conquer what is perhaps the most horrible disease of all mankind's ailments. Some day, surely, the announcement of cancer's conquest will come—in those careful words which, to the honor of medical' ethics and scientific caution, are used to guard the sufferer from false hopes. But the announcement will come only if all who control nuclear research will use the wisdom that their solemn obligation demands. A beginning of that wisdom would be to remove the whole atomic program as far as possible from politics. Look Out Below! MT. WASHINGTON 2 developments that Mr. Strauss -»- mentioned were made possible by radioactive elements from the Oak Kidge atomic pile. That same pile is the source of weapons most important to our national defense. And since national defense is the responsibility of government, and government is a political structure, the divorce of science from politics is not easy to achieve. Mr. Strauss' disclosures were made in connection with the atomic energy commission's appeal for restoration of a §48,000,000 cut in its appropriation by the House of Representatives. What particularly disturbed the commission's chairman, David Lilienthal, was that the house had specified that this cut must be made in basic research. Many, if not most, of the world's great discoveries have originated in basic research. That is, the scientist did not set out to invent something specific, More often he discovered that he could explain and control some action or behavior in nature. The practical applications came later. rpHE field of atomic energy is still largely •*- uncharted. And we are willing to go along with Mr. Lilienthal's earlier statement that scientists do not know in what section of that field new discoveries may be found. So when Rep. Taber and his house appropriations committee confidently say where and how the atomic energy appropriation is to be spent, they are implying that they have knowledge which Mr. Lilienthal says the scientists don't possess. * Mr. Lilienthal has consistently refused to play politics in non-political matters. So we believe that when he asks that the appropriation cut be restored, he is speaking honestly and without political motives. Mr. Taber has assumed a big responsibility in doling out funds to the atomic scientists. Yet he has dealt with the funds as if the atomic energy program was just another routine political matter. But the atomic energy commission is not just another agency. It is not simply a bomb factory. Its activities are concerned with life as well as death. They may hold the key to cancer's cure as well as to incredible destruction. Yet it is conceivable that that key might be lost or at least misused if, in the last analysis, the course of atomic research were to be directed by politicians rather than by scientists. Forgotten Comrades A RUSSIAN writer named Kozelsky in-£*• forms readers of the Young Communist magazine that he recently visited Cincinnati; where "everything except the air is the property of the Taf ts." Must be nobody told Comrade Kozelsky about the Cincinnati Reds. They may not'be subversive but, judging from their standing in the National league,' they show symptoms of going underground. An Economic Fundamental TOOTHING fundamental is gained by a mere increase of wages. The one and only sound basis for increased earnings i.s increased production. Until this principle i* recognized and observed in the American scheme of things, every round of wage increases will be just that much more fuel for an inflationary, flame which already is burning too briskly. Naive indeed was the woman who believed her husband when on arriving home at 2 a. in. he explained that he had been playing golf—with night clubs. Some men have thousands of reasons why they can't do something when all they need is one reason why they can. Statistics show that more women than men like all types of music. But it's the men who most often have to face it. Johnny was logical but wrong when in an examination he theorized that autobiography is a history of motor cars. Divorces dropped in 1947 to a 15-year low. Apparent, peace is more lasting than is generally believed. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges A Woman Prays Clarion Monitor: The other day, for the first time in its history, the opening prayer in the House of Congress was given by a woman—an ordained Methodist minister from Chicago. One sentence in her petition was: "Take from our frightened hands the bomb and bayonet, and arm us with spirit instead." And may not we all say amen to that. The Firecracker Nuisance Iowa City Press-Citizen: Despite state laws which prohibit them, firecrackers seem to be more of a nuisance this year than in the past several years. Police still receive complaints in Iowa City and reports from neighboring towns indicate that several other communities are experiencing firecracker situations too. Prices Moving: Upward Kiester Courier: It will probably be unpleasant news to husbands and housewives, anxiously trying to stretch the family budget to cope with the cost of living, that the rise is continuing and may be up as much as 10 per cent before the first of the next year. Picking Flaws Marshalltown Times-Republican: We have heard from the republican convention how bad the democrats are. At the democratic convention we will hear how bad the republicans are. In November we will have to decide who made the best case. Buyers Market Waterloo Courier: If you want to know which businessmen will be haunting employment offices eventually, seeking jobs, keep a list of those who still act as though they wish you wouldn't bother them by asking for something to buy. Isolationism Ends Davenport Democrat: The republican national convention in Philadelphia sounded a requiem over isolationism—or "nationalism" as some who were tarred with the stick preferred to call it— in the .United States. Something- to Remember Sheldon Mail: A friend is not so much one to whom you can go for help when you are in trouble. That has its value. But a friend is one to whom you can go when he is in trouble. Meeting "Old Joe" Boone News-Republican: There are rumors of a Truman-Stalin meeting. Maybe Harry was just doing a build-up for said meeting when he put in those good words for "old Joe." Laugh at the Law Danbury Review: There is one Iowa law that is being shot full of holes and it is the so-called ban on shooting of firecrackers. Observing Button for ''Next of Kin" Quit Worrying About Pisa! Editorial of the Day SWITZERLAND SHOWS WAY M ANKATO FREE PRESS—Switzerland, that little island of peace and prosperity in the midst of Europe's turmoil, has yet another reason for self-congratulation. During and since the war, the Swiss have had almost no strikes or other work-stoppages, no unemployment, and have continued under a free- enterprise system. Beginning with the year 1910, the number of strikes went steadily downward, until in 1940 there were none at all. The few which have occurred since then have been of short duration- and have affected few workers. The trade-union membership has grown larger during this period. This seemingly contradictory situation is laid by observers to the fact that the highly skilled workers have a strong sense of responsibility, that there are no labor monopolies, and that the system of arbitration of wage and hour disputes is effective. Union membership is purely voluntary, and .the government is against a closed-shop policy. Some of the points in favor of small-town living as opposed to residence in a large city may equally well be applied to living in a small, compact country rather than in a huge sprawling one Many of Switzerland's advantages may be ascribed to her small size. Her technique in settling labor disputes, however, might well be looked into by our own country. Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Clear Lake—Members of the Zion Lutheran church are planning to dedicate the new Hammond electric pipe organ recently installed at the morning service on July 10. A guest player from Des Moines will give a concert and a special sermon will be brought by the pastor, the Rev. Ruben Mostrom. The organ was made possible through the gifts and by the good will of many members and friends of the church. 20 YEARS AGO Cerro Gordo county has 9,200 automobiles registered for 1928, according to L.' L. Raymond, head of the automobile bureau of the county treasurer's office. This is 200 more automobiles than were registered at this time a year ago. The total'registration in 1927 was 9,600. The number this year will be close to the 10,000 mark. Harry Swarner and Harvey Michels drove to Des Moines. to attend the Trans-Mississippi golf tournament at the Waukonda club. They were accompanied by J. Leonard Kline. 30 YEARS AGO Mason City and Clear Lake railroad officials were informed that 3 new street cars had arrived here and 2 more which failed to arrive will be unloaded and placed in commission as soon as possible. The cars are all 1-truck cars, with seating capacity of 38 persons and a closed vestibule. The cars are all front entrance and will be placed in service as soon as possible. 40 YEARS AGO Mrs. S. IvI. Grunland, wife of Engineer Orun- land, accompanied by her sister, Mrs. W. Dean of Chicago, arrived in the city yesterday from an extended visit with relatives at Artesian, S. Dak. The members of the Wesleyan class, about 55 of them, were at Clear Lake yesterday, where they enjoyed a fish supper and went for a sail. The evening was an ideal one and the party grcately enjoyed. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. WHEN A CHILD IS OVERWEIGHT T HE overweight child presents a special problem both as to the reason for his excess poundage and as regards to treatment. Some physicians believe most cases of overweight are due to nothing more than overeating. ^ On the other hand, an accumu- | lation of excess fat is so far at variance with what'we consider normal during childhood that many experts are inclined to think it can be accounted for only by glandular disturbance, such as a lack of thyroid secretion or a disturbance of the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain. It goes without saying that the child who is greatly over- DR. BUNDESEN weight should be studied by a physician so that the true nature of his condition can be determined. When it comes to ridding him of his extra fat, however, Dr. H. Boyd Graham, of Melbourne, Australia, believes the best results are obtained by the propar doses of thyroid extract, and that starvation diets and violent exercise are to be avoided. Overweight or not, no child should be underfed. He. needs certain basic foods to grow on and these must be supplied, even though fattening foods can be safely eliminated. Such things as skim milk, lean meat, plain cheese and eggs are not only permitted but encouraged. Fruits and vegetables may be taken in unrestricted amounts. Fats, sugars, and cereals should be eaten sparingly, and there should be no between-meal snacks. , Such sports as^ swimming and skating are particularly useful in maintaining physical fitness. Competitive games are helpful as well. Good posture may be taught by stomach exercises. The thyroid extract is given early in the day in order not to produce any disturbance of the sleep. The dose is given under the direction of the physician until a loss in weight is occurring. If the child is nervous or easily excited, it may be necessary to give a barbiturate to quiet the nervous system. During the treatment, the pulse rate and blood pressure should be determined, from time to time, and samples of the urine should be tested so that if any abnormal conditions develop they may be properly recognized and the treatment discontinued, if necessary. The symptoms of overdosage of thyroid extract include rapid heart-beat, restlessness, diarrhea, and headache. Of course, it is possible to bring about a loss of weight in a child with proper diet alone, but, since a child is growing, it is necessary to make sure that he is getting all of the essential food parts. Without them he may suffer damage to his general health which will be reflected in lowered stamina throughout his future life. Thus, the problem of bringing about weight reduction in a child is one for the expert and not to be attempted by an amateur. Roving Reporter By Hal Boyle of the AP SPOILS GO TO WAR VICTIMS N : am informed that the nation's memorial to World war II dead—the gold star lapel button^- is now ready for distribution to the next of kin of men' and women of all armed services who died at home and abroad. The gold star button consists of a gold star on a purple circular background bordered in gold and surrounded by gold laurel leaves. On the reverse is the inscription, "United States of America, Act of Congress, 1947," with space for the engraving of the initials of the recipient. One gold star button is to be furnished, without cost, to the widow or widower and to each of the parents of a member of the armed forces who lost his life while on active military service between Dec. 7, 1941 and July 24, 1947. One gold star button will be furnished at cost to each child, step-child, brother, sister, half brother and half sister of the deceased. Next of kin of deceased army and air force personnel may submit application to any army or air force installation or any nationally recognized veterans organization. When You Hear a Sfren the idea for this little from an exchange newspaper. It was about a truck driver who was fined $25 Joi failing to put! out ot the line of traffic in response to an ambulance siren. The editor's comment on the case was this: "This driver got by cheaply at $25—too cheaply, considering the fact that it might have cast him his life or the life of another." The rule remains thus: When you hear a siren — no matter where you "think" it is—• pull over to the curb, stop, don't go through traffic lights — even -though they're in your favor, and don't proceed until the siren is unquestionably beyond you. And when in doubt: DON'T! EW YORK, {/?) — Ghosts have no daylight voices. And so there is no way to say what ghosts were present in the crowds that last week attended one of the weirdest auctions in history. It was a sale that reversed the dictum that in war the spoils belong to the victors. It was a sale - to see that some of the spoils of the 2nd World war went to the victims. Up for auction was a small portion of many tons of nazi loot seized in Germany and Austria and brought here. It will "be sold over a period of / i months and the proceeds used to icsettle and rehabilitate European displaced persons. The first batch of loot put on 'the block last week contained HAL BOYLE 828 lots and brought §188,435. This was 20 per cent more than its value as estimated in advance. It consisted of jewelry, expensive household wares and artistic bric-a-brac that couldn't be identified and returned to the original owners. Many long since had been put to death in the gas pits at Dachau and robbed even of the gold in their teeth. Others had passed through the one- way portals of the concentration camp at Buchenwald, the earthly hell where nazi guards greeted incoming prisoners with the macabre jest: "Abandon all hope ye who enter here." The nazi booty was brought here because this is the only land with cash to pay for it—cash to help the rootless victims of distress still encamped in Germany. In the minds of successful bidders as the auctioneer's hammer crashed down to end each sale there must have been a wonder. Whom had the piece he just bought belonged to? What woman in what country had lingered after dinner under the soft light shed by "lot 260, two pairs of repousse silver candlesticks?" Did she worry that her prized candlesticks had "some imperfections"—as the sale catalog bluntly said? What wealthy housewife had lived in terror that some guest would chip a plate in her 24-piece Herend porcelain table service? It sold here for $1,300. What kind of tableware did she eat off in her own last hours? At Buchenwald there was only a bowl. In the biggest sale of the week one man paid $4,350 for 4 snuff boxes. These trinkets of an elder day must have been the joy of some old- world collectors. And the man who forked out the $4,350 to get them must have been pleased his money went to a good cause. It is doubtful, however, whether he enjoyed paying the 20 per cent excise to help one person wno has never been displaced—Uncle Sarn. For $870 he could have put a lot of snuff in those boxes. The Birthdoy Gate ( commend to you this verse Ifrom the pen of Ae'lis Churchill Chaphe, South Dakota's blind poet, as a birthday tribute to somebody you love: There is a little gateway lletwecn your heart and mine, Around which friendship's roses In sweetest fragrance twine. And on this joyous birthday Tlie little gate swings wide To let me wish you happiness From dawn 'H! eventide; And every day I'll send a 'rose To hring you love and cheer, Hoping ench dream within your heart I-'inds rich fulfillment through the year. am going to quit worrying about that Leaning Tower of Pisa. I have it on the authority of the National Geographic society that any danger of its toppling is centuries away. At present it is 16 feet off line' and it drifts about one-third of an inch every 10 years. Cement reinforcements have been added at the foundation. The structure came through the war only slightly damaged even though much of Pisa, north Italy port city, was demolished. ' . , The tower, designed for a bell for the nearby cathedral, was started in 1174, It started sinking when it had risen only 40 of its present 179 feet. Early engineers attempted unsuccessfully to straighten the building. For balance, the last architect planned the columns of the 2 top stories taller on one side than the other. In 1350, the tower was completed—8 stories of column-ringed, white ma'rble on the bias. Pisa now has a population of only 70,000. Once it had 150,000. But the Leaning Tower has made Pisa one of the best known European cities. It has brought tourist trade and given jobs to native artisans in making miniature copies for souvenirs. Galileo, who was born in Pisa, used this tower to demonstrate his principle that objects of different weight fall at the same rate of speed. During the war and afterward, pilots found it a useful guide to location. Information, Please! 1. What new state was formed in 1861 because of its attitude toward secession? 2. In what poem of Robert Service's does "The lady that's known as Lou" appear? 3. Who was known as "The Iron Duke?" Answers — 1. West Virginia. 2. "The Shooting of Dan McGrew." 3. The Duke of Wellington. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To RESIDENTS OF DECORAH— for launching a campaign for a building that will properly house hundreds of items that have_ been collected over the years in its Norwegian - American Historical museum. This project is a worthy one in providing for the preservation of articles of historical interest, particularly those thai, portray the coming of the first set- tlors to this section of Iowa. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers usinj thlj service for question of fact—not counsel—should slpu full name and address and Inclose 3 cents for return postage. Address The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 'Ufi Eyf Street N. E., Washington 2, D. C. Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures They'll Do It Every Time By Jimmy Haflo OVERV TIME TREMBLECHIN1 TRIES To SNEAK INTO THE HOUSE QUIETLY, THE MISSUS TURNS ON THIS RECORD « LAST NIGHT HE FORGOT HIS K&/S. H£ SUCCEEDED IN WAKING UP EVERYONE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD 8UT HIS WIFE— you KNOW i CAN'T SLEEP VvINK UNTJL YOU COME HOME WHERE VOU ARE- I WORRV ABOUT M3U,PRlVINe> THE CAR-I SEE VDU IN AN 1 AMBULANCE OR ON THE WAV TO THE MOftfiUE.,.1 JUST CANT CLOSE MV TfilEP WAKE HER UF : PHONE J.HENR/ How many people are killed by lightning In a year? In the United States deaths from lightning number over 500 in an average year. What railway station has the longest platform? According to the Railway Gazette (London) the longest station platform in the world is at Sonepore. India, on the Bengal and North Western railroad. It is 2,415 feet in length. Why do soldiers wear their neckties tucked in? Since no clasp is worn, the tie is less in the way when tucked in. Does the heart work continuously during- one's lifetime or does it have intervals of rest? The heart muscle is relaxed more than half the time, and therefore in a lifetime of 70 years a person's heart spends nearly 40 years resting. What Enclish queen never lived in "Entr'ann"? Bcrengaria. the wife of Richard I. the Lionhoa''ted, never set foot in England. Richard joined in a crusade to the Holy Land and on the way home was seized and imprisoned. During his entire reign of 10 years he spent little more than 6 months in England. In what year was the national spelling bee established? It was instituted by the Louisville (Ky.) Courier-Journal in 1925. What i.s the purpose of the human engineering laboratory? It was founded in 1922 by Johnston O'Connor, and now consists of a large group of specialists whose business it is to determine what natural abilities people have for certain kinds of work. Anyone aged 0 years or over can be tested. By whom was the Turkish bath given this name? In the Middle Ages the Turks believed in taking regular hot-air baths as an important part of the Moslem religion. The name Turkish bath is said to have been introduced into the English language by David Urquhart (1805-77) who was attached to the British embassy at Constantinoole. now Istanbul, In what battle did the soldiers sing the hymn, "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God." while they were fighting? This happened in the battle of Lutzon in 1632. when Gustavus Adolphus faced Wallenstein. The northern armies went into battle singing the hymn and did so throughout the day. What Is the predominating eye color of the American Indians? In Indians the color of the eyes varies from hazel-brown to dark brown. The sclera (covering of the eyeball) in the young is bluish; in adults, especially the old, dirty- yellowish. The iris is often surrounded with a narrow but clearly marked ring. How docs it happen that all the blossoms of a tree open at the same tiir.e? This synchronism is HAROLD J. LASKI, born June 30, 1893, was chairman of the British Labor party when it rose to power in 1945. Less radical m e m- bers have since t a k en over. Raised in an orthodox J e wish Manchester home, La ski taught' in Canada, U. S. and British colleges. At London university he is said to have indoctrinated a whole generation of students in the philosophy of socialism. "We must plan our ciyilization or perish," he has said. due to the fact that the flower buds were formed in the preceding summer and that in the spring they are subjected to approximately equal stimuli of light and heat. These things together with inherent tendencies cause all the buds to respond in approximately equal time. How many languages does Arnold Toynbee speak? The English historian speaks 5 languages fluently and according to some biographers is said to think almost as readilj' in classical Greek as in English. What material was used to make golf balls in the early days? The earliest of which there is record were made of a leather cover tightly sUiffed with feathers. Gutta percha was used in 1848 in Scotland and the rubber cover was introduced in England in 1902. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS ----- Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER ---------_ ----- Advertising Manager Wednesday, June 30, 1948 Entered as second-class matter April 12, 1030, at the postofflce at Mason City, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, which Is exclusively entitled to use for repub- llcnlion of all local news pilnted in thli newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limits) One year .......................... $13.00 One week 35 jm- l 4 tike tes- the Outside Mnson City and Clear Lake But Within 100 Miles of Mason City n.v mall one year ................ $ 9.00 By mall six months ............ $ 4.75 By carrier per week .............. .25 Outside 100 Mile Zone by Mail Only One year $13.00 Six months 9 8.50 T'.rts r.-.-.-:-.ths ? 3,50

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