Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California on August 8, 1890 · Page 1
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Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California · Page 1

Ukiah, California
Issue Date:
Friday, August 8, 1890
Page 1
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' n K •< ins [ Dispatch- Democrat? -HAS— THE UMt CIRCULATION •In Mendocino County.j [Dispatch-Democrat -18 MCOOKtWt* £Of Mendocino County.j VOLUME XXL UKIAH CITY, MENDOCINO COUNTY, CAL., FRIDAY MORNING. AUGUST 8.1890. NUMBER 45 DISPATCH AND DEMOCRAT. PUBLISHED EVERY THIDAY, UK1A1I, • • • MENnOCIXO CO., CM,., By JNO. BUCKINGHAM, HUHKCMvnoM RATES: One Tenr Hlx Montbs . I'hrce Mouths. Spiico. 1 Inch 1 inches 8Inches 4 Inches 6 laches e Inchon 7 Inches 8 Inchest 9 Inches 10 Inches ;>»e-hnlf column One cohunn ABVEKVlSINd KATKS: Montlilv. ? 2 50 f. 00 * 00 8 IS 9 fiO 10 i 'i !1 (XI 11 |M) 15 90 Throe months same rate ns for one year. ...$2 CO . 1 25 Yearlv. »12 00 IS ClO 21 00 :io oo illi 00 89 00 •12 00 •18 00 M 00 on oo tw 00 1-20 00 Two -A. T F. BRUNNER'S Well stocked ESTABLISHMENT -YOU KIND months \\i times one month. l.e»s Hum one month »1 per Inch for flrsl Insertion. CO cents per Inch for each subsequent Insertion Lcitnl advertisement! Jl per Inch lor each insertion Specified position 25 pe cent. extra, ere net flpures. The abov PROFESS r ON A L CAR PS. J. Q. WHITE, MatrletAttorney Hull Attorney n( Lnw, Uklah City, Mondoclno Co., Cs.1. OFTICK—In Court House. Will practice in nil State and Federal Conns. 1-lltf J. 31. MANXOX, Attorney nuil foimaelor nt Law, Ukinh, Mendocino Count)', Cnl. Will practice In all Courts of this State. OFFICE—-In >faac::!f !I. n .P hutlillne;. corner of School ami Perkins Streets. 1 Itf. J. A. COQVEll, Attorney mail Comuaelor nt l.nw. llklnli City, Cnl. OFFICE—In Odd Fellows' Bull'llng. Will promptly attend to all business intrusted to Ills care In any of tbeConrtsof thlsStnte. |4-W The Largest Assortment of Bull»lpr> Hiinlwart 1 , M*:chiniic'y IOUIN, Mftnn's, Hunt's nut I Hvivd'n Axes, Harvoy IVHC.- Hand ami X Mtiw.*, ITuutiiK Tools. The Imperial Plow. {Heat Mow In the World.) —A Lao— The Huckovo Combined Harrow and alerter, The lliu'kvve i'utuu, The Buckeye Wind Motor. Thr? Bridge, ficacL <fc Co. Superior Stoves aud KniiKi-H, The AdiniiK A Wcitl.-iku Monarch Ons- olinu Uanges, uud n l-iiiMlraxI HII«3 ou« ihiujc* oriiamuiilnl nuil iwofiil* AT LOWEST RATES. #13 UVRRY&FEEI) Opnoaite tueUranU Hotel, State Street, - • Ukiah, Cal. SMITH & HILL, Proprietor. iTHf-Good Turnouts for hire—Double and Single teams, mill Saddle Horses. The test of cnreBlvcu to transient stock. Teams furnished with or withoul drivers. Your pntrouuge Is solicited, and satisfaction ijimranted. 0 7tf. YELL & SEA WELL. Attorney* "and t'oiinaelors nt l.nw. Uklah City, Mendocino Co., Cal. OFFICK—IU New Law Dulldln?, west of Court rionse. Will practice In all Courts of this Slate. (l-7tf. T. L. VAROrUERS, Attorney mill Counftelor nt Law, Uklah City, California. Office in Kew Law Building, west of Court House, Practices In all State ami Federal Courts. 14-ltf 8. C. POAOE, Attorney nt I.RM, Uklah City. Cal. Special attention paid to Probate business. Wit) practice lu all the Courts. JAMES E. PEM1IEXTOX, Attorney Hod Coiiuaelor nt ».»»%. Lansing St., Mendocino City. Will practicu lu all the Courts of this State. l-7tf. J. K. CHAHRFMS, Attorney null Counselor nt I-liw, Covelo, Mendocino Co., Cal. Practices in all the Courts of this State. W. X. MOORE, M. A, Physician and Surgeon, Uklah Cily, Cal. |3aT-Offlce It: Old Law HulJdlni:, corner of School and Perkins streets. J. i. AO AT), .V. I)., riiyolclHn nuil NurKeon, Uklah City, Cal. OFFICK~<.'>II wost side of Court House, In Heir's building. aw. w. STOUT, jr. a., I'lil'ticlau n ii il Mn ricettu. Uklah City, Cm. OFFICE—At Ukiah Hold. ]2-21lf. J. W. IIVDSOX, M. I). Physician and Surgeon, Uklah, Cal, Office: Northwest nor. KlandW nnd school •ts. Rooms at A. O. Carpenter's, State si. •l -liltf O. T. MASON, M. D. Ptay«lclun, Nurifeoii null 4J .ruevolosUi. San Francisco. Cal. Telephone No. 8-1I8. S10 Hayes Street. Makes a specialty of Diseases of Females and all diseases of the Stomach and Digestive Organs !('. H. HOaSHEAD, D. V. S. It K NT! NT. Uklah City, Moudoelno Co., Cal. Officii—West of Express Ofllee. tias admln- 1021tf. D. K. SAKFOUD. J. M. SANFORD. NEW SHOP NEW PRICES n im so; n mm:, For Best Meats and at Lowest Prices don't fail to call on SANFORD &> SON, Opposite the Post-Office. Stale Street, - - Ukiah City. L. EDWARDS. R. EDWARDS. EDWARDS BROS'. 8fc Meat Market, We wish to Inform the that wc have opened a meat market iu the building-recently occupied by B. Murks A Co, where we will continually fcsep on baud the very choicest ineatHto he found In the market. Meat, delivered free (o all parts of the city, llemember we are here tn stav. EDWARDS BROS. II. li. SMITH. II. E. DONOHOE. Smith & Donohoe I'Snccessorfi to Dmiciui & Smith.) Searchers of Records, Ofllee with County Assessor, UK (All. CIIT, • • CALIFORNIA Abstraots made and Con veyam-lnt? Done. Agents for Klre ABsocIatlon of Philadelphia. Kefer by perni??Hn:i to: Roht. Mc-Qarvoy, Hu- I perlor Judge; S. P. 1'astou. County Clerk; Thos. I.. Carothers, KSIJ,; II. A. IVabody, Editor of Dtst* A'tou. 12-7tf. Mendocino County Abstract •:• Bureau! And Land Title Office ! School St., adj. Christian Church, UKIAH, CAL, t.tered. WM. it. PKEKY, Real Estate Agent, Conveyancer and Searcher of Reoords, Uklah, Cnl. Office with County Clerk. All business entrusted to my eare attended to promptly, '*-;itf. Q. A. UVERMF.YElt, loiiHinLle nntl t'ulleelor Ukiah City, Cal. OWICK—Opposite UISI'ATCH olllce. Froinpt attention given to all business on. truste<d to my care. F. M. MASOS, Architect and Builder, Uklah City, Cul, I'lane, ane'cillcatloun and Kstlmates made to order. Will contract for all kinds of bulldiiiKS, to furnish material, or otherwise, guaranteed. Satisfaction n-!2tf. FOR SALE! t A AND 20 ACF.K THACTS OF B1CH HOTI U torn land for sale iu Little Luke Valley. Subdivisions of the H. L. Norlnn HOMC RANCH. Kasv terms. Apply to li. 11. MIUK. WIlIUs, or H. NOH'rOS. 10 Ctrl. St., S. F.. Cal. SUBSCRIBE PATCH DBMOCH.iT,' llieBRST IIOOAIJ PAI'KB publiihed In Mwido. rt io Coiiuty, All the local,ceuoral, »ud market ii*W*l^'«u «ft«li weCk. 9Ma lot IMipl* SOW Sole proprietors of Durfec's Self-Correct- ln^' System of dcduclUK Lund Titles. Ouly com plete abstracts of Mendocino County. Searchers of Racartia, insurance and Loan Agents. SU!lVETltl.&.OKmABS?SC!AlT!£. J. R. MATHEWS' CITY PHARMACY! North Side of Court IIOUHP, Stand ley St.. Uklah, Cai. FINE DRUGS AND MEDICINES. Choice Perfumeries. Fine - Toilet - Articles! Pure Chemicals and Pharmaceutical Preparations. Patent Medicines, Cigars, Etc. -) ICE-COLD SODA WATER.(— spilling; Freaci'lptlons «i, Specialty. Nsw Goods! Finest Quality! Low Prices JACOB iZEG-jHEl, MERCHANT TAILOR School Street, Ukiah. H AS A LARflE AND SIU.KCT STUCK OFTHE nnest Koods, both foreign and domcstir. which he will make up at bedrock prices. A GOOD TIT UUAHANTEED. olve him uu early call, , make your selections, and secure a nerfcet lit, i with tai'ilt lilAVd. whereby you will be presentable nt ali times 9-2Stf. 7 I T.l •i(i»le Street, Iklnli, Have the largest ,md bi.'st slock of Furniture and Carpers EVER BROUOHT TO MKNPOCISO CO. Everthing appertaining to a first- class furniture establishment constant ly on hand. Buying for cash direct from the manufacturer we are enabled to sell at San Francisco prices. Call and be convinced. Terms Strictly Cash. tyaTOnr undertaking department is thoroughly equipped. Orders iu this line promptly attended. RICE A BALTZCUL, 4-'2titf. I'raprlotorx. Appleclale Nursery, Scott's Valley, Lttke Co., Cal. £2Sf- Olfers foi the season of lHtt'.iachoke lot of TREES, Atrsusonahlo ptlces. Fruit Growers and others doslrliitf trees are iuvltofl to call and Inspect lliem ut the Nursery, or send for price list. All Rtoek KUMrauttwd lu b€ free froui lufterl* null tlmenu. Address K. l'.WBAY, Lakoport, Cal. 0-201 ( A WEAK MAN Cau uovv euro Ulumclf of tlu> t lenlor»ble resviltn of .utrljr I»I>H«'. and iM»rl»rtl» r<mt«r« his vlKtir Hull rltnllty by the Orent Auslitillaii Hemedy. TL',o reiuarbxltli-rilrmor hoptlrss leases of Nffrt'wiw nobility ourt frlvHlt* «'uu>l»lHiut« eve «varywhere >tnmplu» out quacltnry. Tho Medicine, a physlclftu'i gift lo sunerlnK humanity, will be Mint frt* to those uflllctod. Add»», Or. M. B. TAYLOR, at tW il»rk«l »tx*ct, 8«u rrauolnco WHERE IRE HII For Health and Pleasure THIS SUMMER! The great mass of snow In the Wlorru this vcar will give the waterfalls of the Yust-'mltr a splendor never equaled before. The Holrl «l«l Monle, fairest spot lu California, Invites you. It Is not expensive. Kvcr camped In the ftiiuti. 4 'rnz illoiiiit- niftwt If not, vou have never lived. If you want to see nature's noblest handiwork, visit *tand old hnoH-miwueil Miii»)u. And there are Iavh «i«,—'fnhoe, l»»u»ef, Inde­ pendence'Webber and others,—where there are the purest air sod the best tlshins und boating iu the world. Of course you remember Naiittt 91o*'i<'ft* I.u»K Ut-HPli uud Niixtn ttnrlmrn. Looklne for WnrlriirK? There are the Geysers, Napa Soda, White Sulphur, liartlett, Byron, /Etna. HlKhlund, Klamath, Congress, l'a.«a Uoblcs, Gllroy, Paralso, Shasta Soda and others. ASK FOB THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC COMPANY'S J'AMI'lll .Kr, "C'ALIFOEKIA'S ItESOBTS." Everythina; In California worth seeing is on the Hues of the 80UT1IFM 1\V( Wit COMPANY ItlCJl'D OKAY, T. II. COOhMAN, 0*H. Tmfftc Sfanayer. (Jen. .-!•?(, MAN FMANCIHCO, CAL- RAILROAD LANDS! for tintt on MonNuiiHblc 'IrriiiK. For Lauds iu Central aud Northern California, Oregon, Nevada ani Piah, apply to or address W. H. -MILLS, Land Aet, C. P. K. K. San Francisco. For Lands in Soutliern California, apply lo or address JKUOME MADDEX,LaudAf(l,8. P. U.LI 4S San Francisco. When you buy a Piano or Organ of a traveling agent, you not only pay his expentei und wages, but a big profit on it besides. Save these expenses by buying your instruments of Sam L. Mooro, Ukiah, who is agent for the leading makes and who, owiug, , .. , .. „ .. ° ! W» run low in tuiticiputiun of tho re- to hit special advantages, is enabled i moval of tl>a duty. In this way there I was tin extraordinary demnnd for coffee to sell them at a small advance on j titer tho ditty wna striokeu oft; buyers were comiieUeii to replonish their stocks. THE COFFEE TAX GHOST. IT RETURNS ONCE MORE TO TROUBLE THE HIGH TARIFF PARTY. Falsity of the rroleetioillst Claim Tlmt th« Abolition of the Duty ou Coflee Dill Xot iteiltten the I 'rlee—figure,) Show tho Contnu-y. Tho reciprocity scheme of Mr. Blfliue for the l'reo mlmie«\on of! South American Btigar and wool, in return for lilea treatment of rmr 'tfriictiltnrtil products liy Soutii Americtin liittiong has called forth all kinds of opinions us to the wisdom of the plan. There are some who claim that the abolition of the stnrur duty would not n-aiilt in lower prices, and they cite the case of the duty on coffee as warr.'iutintr their opinion. Tims the New York correspondent of The Philadelphia Ledger writes to that paper as follows: "I find that the idea is entertained by many people here that the duty on sugar should not be removed until reciprocal advantages are obtained from sugar producing countries, and reference is fre- quontly made to the casa of coffee, which was put upon the free list July 1, 1872. Instead of the price of coffee declining after tho duty was abolished it went up. In 1871 the average price was less than 10 cents a pound; in 187'.} it Was nearly tSj cents, and in 1S74 it was over ai cents. Indeed Brazil put an export duty on the article. But in 1885 tho average price of coffee was down to 3 cents, and last year was up again to 18.80 tents. The argument is used that free sugar would not insure a reduction of price, lint the fluctuations iu tho price of coffeo are attributed by some to OTop conditions having nothing to do Senator Edmunds a year or two ago cited the facts of the advance in the price of coffee as an illustration to show that free trade would always cheapen I lie necessaries of as Is claimed liy its advocates." The facts here set: forth as to the fine- \ tuations in the price of ci>:"cV-w ftiijet! tho ' duty was abolished are true, bur It is i not true that coffeo lias been lower since , the duty was abolished. j Coffee came in free till Aug. 1, 18CI, j and a duty of four cents a pound was ; then placed on it. On Dec. of the 1 same year the duty was raised to five | cents a pound, at which figure it re- { mained till .Tau. 1, 1871, when it was ! reduced to three cents. Tho duty wa3 finally abolished July 1, 1872. The average wholesale price of Brazilian coffee in the New York market for the eleven years 18U2-'73 inclusive was $18.01 per 100 pounds. This is the price reduced to a gold basis for the entire period that the tax covered. For the seventeen years since tho removal of the duty the average price has been $15.22. Before the duty was imposed tho average was still lower, being only $10.43 for the ten years 1850-'39 inclusive. It is seen from the above figures that the price since the duty was abolished has averaged $3.39 per hundred less than during the period when the duty was collected. This reduction, it is true, does not equal the entire duty removed, but that discrepancy can be satisfactorily accounted for. About the time that we removed the duty on coffee Brazil adopted the singular policy of taxing coffee for export, and to this day our merchants are compelled to pay that export duty to the Brazilian government. The duty of three cents a pound which we removed in 1873 was equivalent that year to 10 per cent, ad valorem. Tho Brazilian duty is 11 per cent, ad valorem. When our merchants buy in Brazil they pay so much for the coffee, and then buy from the government a permit to export, which is 11 per cent, of thy value of the purchase. But, it may bo asked, why flo not our merchants buy in other parts of the world nnd thus avoid the Brazilian duty. The answer to this is that Brazil produces about 00 por cent, of the world's supply of coffee, leaving only about 40 I>er cent, to be supplied by Java and other countries. But the United States consumes about GO p>?r cent, of all the coffee grown, and therefore the countries other than Brazil could not supply us with enough, even if we could control their entire product. Asido from this practical difficulty everybody knows that tastes dotermino tho distribution of the world's coffee; the different kinds—Rio, Java, Mocha, etc.—are in demand among all coffee drinking nations, and ore nation could not get all of any one kind, even if it wished to do so. The figures for the average cost of coffee as already given do uot convey n complete idea of the advantage that the abolition of the duty has brought to the country. The increased consumption must also be taken into account. Our average annual consumption between 1803 and X873 was 00,011 tons; during the ten years following tho repeal of the duty this average was raised to 154,338 tons, and hist year our imports were 258,059 tons. It is a fact that coffee roso in price for A time after the duty was taken off, Tho following figures give the average price per 100 pounds for several years before and after tho duty was removed: 1S70 $10 83 PJM $SJI(W 13 91 18.IS 10 01 is a 18T0 iv m II) 1)9 A still more remarkable rise in price )« neen from the following figures: less so oi isso tie a IBHi) ; JO Ut lfiSU IS 80 iB87 18 04 111 the first table we have a rise of $3.80 from 1872 to 1874, and in the second a rise of $9.03 from 1885 to 1887. Mr. George C. Rand, a prominent coffee dealer of Now York, explains these disturbances in prices as follows: In 1887 isapeiturs allowed their stock of coffee ers lojccci puces up with an unusual bound. The apparent lack of effect of removing the duty can thus be accounted for on natural grounds. Ii is admitted that, tho precise effect cannot be determined by comparing a series of years; for, as above shown, the varying size and condition of the crop, together with trade influences, are dis- tnroiiig elemeuls which cannot be accurately measured. Is not:» more trustworthy method possible for determining whether the repeal htw saved the consumer the amount of the duty.' Can we not compare two countries at the same time—one w 1 ** a duty and tho other without a feity'r Fortunately we can. These two countries are France and the United States. France has a duty of 18.06 cents per pound on coffee; we admit it free, The same coifeo which now retails for 5 francs per kilo in France is bought by our people at retail for 80 cents a pound. A irilo is 2.2 pounds and 5 francs are equal to S0.5 cents, which means about 44 cents a ponnd. This is 14 cents more than the American price, and is accounted for by the duty of 18.00 cents and the commissions for handling the duty. This proves beyond all cavil that the duty is added to the price when the consumer buys, lu other words the tariff is it rax. 1871.. 1S7l).. ism.. wholesale prioei. SC.*' t &\ t ? a Qi 9>*iuu UMt, iUWii lu#, Marts, eta j'ili* r itiU»,T)lrlotun» M» oured; no pulii or ri»k. Dr. Alklul.r ^tM.Kl «nU4o,iWUMirouiulthlmon W «lMOM «J >t *an*ou ewm» tn »tneuttHie «i \l. tie. »nV »i 'i S »fouiy^R5f \\ - &^!D »?«7oi iHVt, Ju(i*'iHj>lwli>llra«lliis. S malar Clrtiuu and this was one reason why prices want up. Furthermore, the crops of tho next two years did not come up to oxpeota- tions; our importations for each of the years 1814 and 1813 were move than 82,000 tons less thun in 1871. In the suiue way the sharp rise in prices in 1887 was caused, A largo wop had been anticipated aud importers held off from buying because lower prices were looked for. But the crop was not largo and the sharp competition of buy- Penns.^lvunlu Knows !f*r Mind. The Republican state convention of Pennsylvania took care in indorsing the McKinley bill to say that what it indorsed was thej bill as it passed tho house. The house, it will be remembered, reduced the dtttv on steel rails from $17 a ton to *18.4-1. When this was done the steel rail makers of Pennsylvania squealed; but they squealed still more loudly when the senate made a further reduction to $11.20 a ton. Not long ago the rail manufacturers and their newspaper organs were point ing with pride to the fact, that steel vails were selling at as low a price here as in England. B*-n Bv.tterworth defends the old style protection which seeks simply to produce what he is foinl of calling an "equality of opportunity;" but his party has gone far beyond this '-equality of opportunity" idea. Equality of opportunity would in this ense demand the removal of the duty altogether; but the tariff makers are far from taking the duty off. The manufacturers, however, do not at all accept the "equality of opportunity" idea. On the contrary, the duty of $11.40 excites their patriotic apprehensions to such an extent that they are holding meetings and sending committees to Washington as if the British were about to deluge the country with cheap rails. What is the use for any duty at all on steel rails? The price is about the same in England as here, and tha cost of ocean freights, insurance and commissions is said to bo about $ii.50 a ton, Tho Pittsburg and Chicago rail makers have, of course, tho further protection of inland freights. When, however, these facts are pointed ! out to tho rail makers they whine and '• say that the price of coal may go down in England, and then they will sell cheaper than we do and ruin no! That is the kind of talk that comes from men ; who have made enormous fortunes out of the protection on steel rails, | Mora Valiant Talk from Jlutterworth. Ben Butterworth is a valiant talker, however much his valor may flow out at his finger ends when the time comes to vote. Now that he has lost his opportunity to vote against the infamous McKinley bill he has again resorted to valiant talk. "What is our situation as a party?" he asks, and then he answers his question by painting this melancholy picture of the situation: "The tariff unrovised and no consoling prospect that the senate will do more than transpose the exorbitant rates that abound iu the present schedule." What ''consoling prospect" has the country that Maj. Benjamin Butterworth will use his vote, when the hill gets back into the house for conference work, to defeat its "exorbitant latest" And the major devotes some valiant talk again to the fanner's tariff, so called. He says that the farmer "is shown a tariff schedule which runs the whole gamut from snap beans through peas, onions, peanuts, squashes, cabbages, eggs, oranges, hops, com, vye and wheat —all of which is as useful to him as a duty on tin whistles." Then he indulges in some super-valiant talk against the workings of our present high tariff laws. He says: "The injury comes in various forms, Its most humiliating aspect, is ill the fact that it makes our prosperity partial and makes the mass of tho people the servants of the few, and does it in the name and under the guise of protecting labor and cherishing our infant Industries." Ho hopes, too, that "we shall adopt the policy suggested by the administration, and remove all the barriers that hamper our commerce and rulo us out of the markets of the western hemisphere." Oh, that there were nq caucus to squelch a valiant talker like Butterworth before he puts his words into action! If valiant talk could mnke a country happy what a blessing Butterworth would he to America! HORTICULTURAL COLUMN li. rPPtlCOA:. KDITOR. Hemedy For Borers. Pr. Otto Lugger, the well known entomologist, reromiiiendrt a wash matte as follows, as a preventive of the attacks oi borers: To ten gallons oi strong suds, made from hard soap, add one quarter ol n pound of Paris green or London purple, and sulticient plaster of Paris to make ii of the consistency of whitewash. With this pnint the tree where liable to be nt- I ncked, after digging out the liorers. The wash should ho put on at least three, inches below the surface of the hind. Plaster of Paris Is used liecattse it adheres very tetuu iously to the tree., while common lime wash would be washed off in ashori tin.s. This wash is especially valinililr to apply to peuch trees. A New Early Yellow Freestone. Pacific Rural Press. Editors Feet*: —I send you a new seedling peach, it having truited this year for the first time, and aByetl have not given it a name. This peach is a seedling of the Foster. A clean, free stone, dry, yellow Hesh, a beautiful red cheek on a yellow ground, and ripens two weeki- ahead of Foster or early Crawford, ami in ripening follows closo afior ParsonV Karly or Mind's Mirprise. I consider this the most valuable acquisition to the peach family that we have had for years as its early ripening makes it valuable to ship Kasl, and for drying it will come in ahead of Foster, thus prolonging the time of drying two weeks. The prospect for fruit and raisins in Tulare and Fresno counties is lair, and the prices good. Fresno prune orchards that have been planted uro yielding far heyund the expeclationsof us all. Plenty of live and six your old trees this season will produce ntiOlbs. of green fruit, and at the present, prices two acres will net more money than 100 acres iu wheat. The young vineyards and orchards are doiny well, and no loss of trees on account of heavy ruins lust winter. I'ianlia. J. II. THOMAS. [This may prove what peach-growers have been so long wailing lor—a good sized yellow peach coming before Crawford's Fnrly. Mr. Thomas' discription ol the fruit is borne out by the sample'he sends. Judging by the single fruit sent us, we coucludothat the seedling is much inferior to Foster in quality and somewhat smaller—but for a yellow peach two weeks ahoad of Foster, if it proves to be reliable for that, it certainly has a great future.— F.DS. PKKSS.] Small Qiphavdn. The French minister of commerce does not seem to favor the removal of tho prohibition of American lard in France. On the contrary he says that Francs could not ut present meet America's avowal of an economic war by concessions. This attitude of the French goyr eminent is seen still more strikingly in the recent passage of the tariff act levying prohibitory duties uu our com, l>ft with No KMIISH, "Well, BUI," said the tramp, "It's time tor us to he getting off Into tho country." "Why so soonf" • "The city free baths are open. "—Racket. Ironical Blfrnliteauea. De Sute—Wherodid you get your clothe*, Barry P Harry—Snltatoi''s. But why do you ask? j He only docs a cash business, —Puck. Anderson Enterprise. One of the mistakes of the limes is the popular belief that everv thing in a business way must be big. This idea has grown^out of our hastp to grow wealthy and from superficial calculation such as if one acre pave flQO, 100 acres would pny #10,000 and 1000 acres would pay $100,000. Men seldom make such money out of very large orchards and while a source of envy to small holders, they are often, in fact, just, holding on or tire running ahead on borrowed capital. Men who make money and get rich out of horticultural pursuits are generally those who do not attempt more than they can look aiter personally. Form ten to eighty acres is tho sized traits which pay the highest per cent of profit, if they are properly conducted. The idea that a living cannot be made out of a small place has retarded ninny from going info business in which they might now be making tpi independent living. On large places there is always difficulty in securing sufficient intelligent help nt the right moment. There is a vast amount of waste from some cause or another; the taxes run up, tho cost of cultivation is great and the amount of money invested in machinery, stock, etc., is a considerable item. The lost motion is not infrequently as great in value as the profits derived. Uy lost motion is meant the time consumed bv toniiin and men going backward aud toward from a given point. The fighting of insects and partial or an entire failure of a crop upon a very large place means in many cases ruin, because the expenditures havo been so jsreat end the per cent of profit so small in proportion that it is difficult to recover from such a blow. The small holder has correspondingly HUIMII expenses, has little trouble on account of Incompetent help and tho lost motion is small consideration. He can superintend the work himself und save tho waste. Mis expense being much less and the profits much greater in proportion und the timo nt his disposal greater, calamities do not fall upon him so heavily. It has been the historical experience tho world over that the holders of modern sized orchards and vineyards are the most prosperous. The trouble with many of our California fruit growers who complain oi poor prices and hard times is that they crease the size of the fruit, and if ton close, it will reduce the yield below tho'capacity if I lie tree. The practice of cutting away .lie lower limbs only will 1,0 discontinued as soon ns the trees bear 'one heavy crop, which wiii put liiem out of shape, moke it impossible to plow within a reasonable distance to them, and render them leBs valuable for future crops. " I will describe the crops and styles oi pruning of some of the orchards near me, | which will show that tho pruning ha* not all to do with the benring. A has cut every limb buck to eight inches without i binning, for the past four years, on trees nine years old. His crop on the two, ihreeand four years' wood m heavy and if good si/.e. with some l"werdown. II has not cut the tops off his trees for the last two years, but cut to fourteen inches previously, thinning fairly. Crop very heavy from the 2-year old wood to the trunk, but prunes small; trees eiirhl years ild. O has loft the tops uncut tho past two vears after cutting long for five years. Crop is on wo"d two years old almost •mtirely, which is well filled with larste fruit. O has not pruned any part of his ;rees, nine years old, for two years past, •ind cut but little any time. liis trees are bending to the gnund with tl^s year's ••rop of fair si/.e, but they begin to show want, of moisture. K has thinned well md cut to fourte.-'ii inches every year; trees eight years old, largo and fine, with not over twenty pounds per tree. " My trees, six and seven years old. will average fifty pounds. They have been cut twelve inches for tho first five years; then the large branches were cut to fourteen inches, srmie taken out and the smallest left without cutting. The fruit is this year rm the wood nnd sprays two vears old, very large and fine. " From the above it will be seou that we must look to some other caupo than the method ot pruning for tho yield. I will •rive my reason for "the crop in each'case \'s lamlslopcs to the south, is loose, with ionic gravel, and was warm in blooming timo. so set well, although bis crop was heavy last year. The excess of rain was it benefit to his land. BV land is very dry in a usual season and is high enough to shed part of tho wator that falls, so the heavy rains did not Injure, and the crop last year was very small. C's trees are on land that did not hold the water, but was cold in blooming time, and they blossomed very hoavily, so only the most vigorous mood set. D's trees are on a heavy soil with a stony bottom, so were well drained during the heavy rains last winter and tho soil was strong enough to sot the fruit. F.'s land is dark with some gravel, but still heavy; trees very large and growing; crop large last year. The soil was cold and the orchard exposed to north wind in blooming timo. Fruit turned black and dropped as the trees wont out of blossom. My trees got too much water; soil cold and the excess oi moisture caused them to blossom too heavily, so the. iruit is on tho most vigorous wood only, But, little fruit on the lower part of the trees, which was full last year. Other orchards, pruned long and short, on soil that did not retain the water, have only fair crops, but bore heavily last year. Tho character of the soil and the time and quantity of the rain has, I think, most to do with the yield ot prune trees, except that very close pruning will shorten the crop. Thousands of dollars have been lost in Saratoga district the past ten years from the almost universal practice of cutting hack the fruit spurs, sprays and small branches of the prune. Even now no two orchards are treated the same, yet, taking the tree, crop and cultivation into account, there is but one method thai should be followed, in my opinion. When the 1-yenr-old tree is set in the orchard it should be cut down to eighteen inches. Lnto tho next fall, before the leaves drop, all growth below ten inches should bo neatly cut off. When the tree is dormant reduce the branches to four or five nnd cut to twelve inches if the growth is large, if small, eight inches will do. The second, third and fourth years thin handsomely and leave from twelve to fourteen inches of new wood cutting and no small spurs. Tho fifth year leave some Ion. ger sprays, but cut as before, eontinuo in Una manner, cutting the largest limbs, thinning out next size and leaving smallest, and tho tree will have plenty of fruit buds for any kind nt weather it may havo tocontend with. It will never break a limb with mi over-load, and will continue to grow as long as tho soil is strong enough, admitting all the sun and air necessary. " My experience is that tho sprays bear as largo fruit as the shorter spum, but they will not all boar the same year. I have them this short year with from one to three poundsof prunouoiuih. They are tho sprays two yeai-s old bearing for the first time. With but few exceptions the crop this your is upon the wood, and the trees that havo the most of it have tho largest crop; another year this would not happen. The pruuo always l»nrs something and will have an average crop oftener than somo other fruits, but an excess no oftener. There nre some kinds of plums that will hour more pcui.ds in any It Has Done Sametbina*. Cluclnnftfl Enquirer. Tho present Congress Can not be charged with not having doiie'uii.vthliig. it lias done much. Much that will have to tie undone, and much that the people will have cause to regret. It has trampled 1: tinder foot nil th« rights of tho minority in Cougresn "who strangely enough represent a majority o{ che people, the intelligence of the coun- ' ry. It has clothed the .Speukerof the House with irresponsible, despotic power. It has increased by a single act the fixed expenditures of; the ^Government tr,0,u00,iif>fl, and while in so doing it. offended the true soldiers, it gladdened the hearts of the pension agent sharks, the •'offpe coolers and shirks. It has dissipated the surplus, and will -loon have the Government in thp role of a borrower, while"taxes mount higher nnd ptiblicans^increase in numbers and persistent exactions. It has made two States out of populations no longer than half a dozen wards of Cincinnati, and given them twice tho power in the Senate as Ohio with its t.001,000 people, ond four times the voting power in the lower Hotwe that the same population in Cincinnati poeaemos. It has passed a bill through one Honan that is designed to tax the millions Into abject poverty and recoup (he "fat-fried" millionaire monopolists (or all that it "ost to elect a Presldont and Congress on the " blocks of five " plane of politic*. Another message has gone through the) same House to abrogate and deetrov home rule and the right of local self-government. It has re-assorted the political creeds and dogmas of I/ird North and Oeorge 111, which inspired the declaration of Independence and precipitated Revolution a hundred and lonrteou years ago. Congress has done a great denl. It has doomed to destruction all that has been accomplished by hali a dozen wars and the wisdom of a hundred years of statesmanship. It has done too much. The people should give it an eternal rest, if they aro ever again permitted to go to the polls and vole. Follow Cleveland. The \Ye*tern liladd, n leading organ of the colored people, has the following to say about the Democrats and tho Colored vote; If the Democrats' expect to make »nv inroads upon the colored vote j if they over expect to split the colored vote in twain ; if they over hope to have Colored support upon which they can as confidently rely as their political antagonist*, they must unwaveringly pursue the course mapped out by their grand- heroic and magnanimous leader, Grover Cleveland. After he was elected a great many negroes in the Stonth were terror stricken; and actually abandoned their homes. President Cleveland made haste to assure them that he was their friend; ihat he wan glad the opportunity had heea presented to show the negroes that his administration would be as friendly to inoni as the preceding administration. He proceeded forthwith to place Colored men in all tho important positions held by thetn under the preceding adndnistra- tioii. Me received not more than (en . per cent oi Ihe colored vote. Under the : circumstances his treatment o( our race, was magnanimity personified. He offered us the olive branch of peace; he made oven ores, which it would be suicidal in us to spurn. His party, north and south, must not deviate a hair's breadth . from his policy, if they want our support. Let ; them preach and practice the doctrine of equal anil exact justice to all men, irrespective of race, creed or condition, and Colored men, knowing that it in to our interest to divide our votes, will gladly em- : brace the opportunity ol casting our lot with them. If an alliance is ever to be effected, " equality betore the law, the rights of American citizens " muwt be the fundamental principle. We will never surrender our manhood, we will never surrender one scintilla n£ the rights vouchsafed us in the amended constitution. Sir. Halatead and. the Force BUI. are trying to do entirely too much nnd are live years than tiio prune, and the pencli, too high-toned to raise their own vege-! oftlmrlght variety nnd on the proper soil,' Murot llalstcad, one of tho war-horses of the Republican party opposes the Fed- '• era! Election Bill in the following words: ' The Lodgo law is intended to be the remedy, but it is inadequate, largely in) applicable, too cumbrous—undertake* ao ' much that it would amount to but little. It will bobothorsoinewhere not required.: and where It is needed ignored. It is ,}.he • old, old atory of excesn in legislation—^hs •= prohibition that prohibits uot, tbe ind*- . tion that does not inflate, the relortnar ! lion that does not reform. It Is a u]a|n statement, and all men, women andchl}'-''' dron should know thut it is true, wc have? « gone HO fur that tho enforcement of. tfu}; f Force Bill would lie the renpenlak "ft f, tho war. Well, I am not to-, favor f ov"lftv,; ""i and will try to say why without wasting words. 1 «»y put aside the awortl j v.Jt*3 jg toriea may be won without ft. ' ' S tables. Many of them havo no cow, pig sty, pasture land, chickon yard, vegetable garden or berry natch. The day is coming when rural economy will bo an important feature of, California fruit-grow ing. Field of Prune Tree*. Polite to » Fault. A—Have a cigar? B—Thauka (takes one). A (disappointed)—1 thought you didn't smoker—-Journal pour Hire. Quit* Bight. Jim—Jack, lend me a fiver, pleawf Jaflk—Oortaiiily. Land me tbe fiver I last Waned you and you c*u h*f» It,- Frank Dexter of Oakwood, near Saratoga, .Santa Ciera county, writes to the Bulletin as follows on a topic of interest to fruit-growors: I road the article on page 22 of the -lune number oi tho California, on 'Pruning the Prune,' with more thun usur.l interest, I havo msde a study on wiH also excel it. How We Are Taxed. It takes 110,000 tons of twine a year to bind the wheat mid oats crop of the country. It is worth at manufacturers' price 13 cento s pound, or $200 piir ton of 2000. The value of tho 00,000 the munu> fucturorB' prices therefore is f18,000,000— and this is what the wheat and oats crop of tho country pays every year tor the twine used In harvesting It. The protective duty on this twine is 40 per cent, aud ou the mnuiltn it is made of, 20 per emit—withal it will he strictly within llii 'i- that subject for the puntflvo years, and! }|»^ "J'J}^ffil i £'. ti *, 'i 0 *,,?' . • ,J ... binding twine is tho real value, of the sr- canuot agree with the w rit ?r that uny one | tU . |e> „ ni) t |,„ ,„ h > r half'!, p W *vti»|»- or, method has any groat influence upon the i hi put the matter in a different n|inr*l K tbpae crop*, Tho What the Farmers •««, Chicago. Tribune (Bep.) A. ^ Western farmora, ttu^hn^iiMk'St'l. the MoKlntay.MU to U.elr toteswUlL:^.''';^ toil, have bean tumble to see t»"^%^S@ > anything for thorn. In the "•langMJ^^^f. Mr. HlainA."there la not a sect loader IMfc 'if in the entire bill that.Will open'a (or another bushel of wheat 'V 't^MmMgl barrel ot pwfe.**" 1M >:fiKn »a^ , ^^K R ^ now cart«iA.WrW^ will he helped, and utcmntotiay ta| to thoae, who. ^va i ;mwji ,,"f||| they do not aee^ihagj* get more for wttai^ iorwhaMhml at. An* to .tM

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