Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa on October 24, 1933 · Page 19
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Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa · Page 19

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Ames, Iowa
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Tuesday, October 24, 1933
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Page 19
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m AMES DA1LT TU10HK TQm. AXIS. IOWA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 2i IMS A Man Can Study a Kernel of Corn All His Lifc^and Still Know Very Little About It The hijtwy of tkls fr*«t *o Intimately *r*»Md OR with the srowjnj of con k»4 tht products thereof, that BO fall 4eKrfp- tlou of tfce icUrUto of its |>*ople would be possible without reference! t« com. Corn JIM alw«ys b»eB «n important factor in thi» nttka, ere* P« fore the time that ottunfeu* »«t sail on bit tuom<-ntou» journey in 1411 In fact. Columbus reported to I«ftb*])a J» 149$ be had territory which found that tbe passed through 18 mita of corn nelds. ffc« «*rly tettlem In tbe is now Mooteral. India* Ullage at that point was situated 'n the midst of extensive com fields. We. ordinarily, consider that Montral is too far north to grow, corn, which is probably du« to tbe fact that the vields in the corn belt have so tar surpassed tbe yields of corn in the vicinity of Montreal, that this latter territory ha* gradually turned its attention to other crops more suitable for its locality. While nearly everyone in this counjtry is familiar with corn, and well acquainted with the delicious products known as "Johnny Cakes" and ''corn ^pone." there are comparatively few who know the real variety of uses to which this wonderful product is, adaptable. The superintendent of the largest corn products manufacturing plant in the .world Is responsible for the statement that "A man cai" study a kernel of corn all his life and s'till from knowing all be very far about it." New uses are being derelo'p«d tor products of corn every day," and the method of transferring the raw kejnsi, such as we pick in th3 fields to, the finished products, are . intere.s.ting-raltiiou£h some of them . are very complicated. . The ajnount of corn perdue* d in the world in-a single year is ap- . wpxlmately 4,000,000,000 bushels, of "which" the United States raises three-quarters, or approximately ,J)Oq,pOO,000 course, according M the season and other factort regarding which it is not necessary to go Into detail. Iowa produces more corn than any other state in the union? or in fact, any other state in the world. lows's co ronloracpwz .. Iowa's corn crop I* wortt than the annua' products of all the gold mines In the country. It is worth more than tLe output of the anthracite coal mines of this country, and worth more than all of Canada's or tbe Argentine's wheat crop. Ipwa has taksn pre-eminence in the raising of com for many years past and expects to do so for many years to come. This history of the railroads of this country would have to be rewritten if they had not had the revenue secured ft om .hauling the 'com and its products — principally, livestock, which Is one of the remunerative facton of many of -the greater railroads. Eighty per cent of the corn grown in this-couatry is fed in the county whereat is grown, and the product is shipped oat as hogs, cattle, chickens, eggs. or other livestock (no reflection On th» eggs). This means that less than 20 per cent cf the corn raised in this country ii shipped from the farm and goes into commercial channels. Of that which is shipped, approximately 10 per cent, or about 75,000,000 hushels is ground tip hy the various industries, making use of what is known as the "wet" corn process. There are two ways of manufacturing corn into edible products. On* is to grind the corn in a manner similar to the carefully to eliminate the starch and gluten which way be adhcrinr t» them, and after being thorough!' cleaneu they are drkd and submitted to tremendous pressure wbich extracts the oil. Tbe oil is then refined Into salad oil, in which state It 1« welcome into the bes of kUchfas. It hae decided advan tage over the oils, bavins a higher burning point than lard or butter or cotton seed oil, so that in addl tion to making delicious mayon nal»e. It is very valuable for fry Ing. Steaks or onions can be fried in corn oil and the sann oil used later lor frying doughnuts and there will be absolutely no taste o the meat or onions carried in tbe oil. Many Utts for Oil This oil is also used in drug stores for making various prepara- atlons, as well as in the manufatf- tnre ~f oleo margarire. The crude- oil, before it Is refined, is us»d in the manufacture of . soap, paints and varnishes, and when vulcanized is made into rubb€r substitute, which is used in rubber boots and automobile tires—as weir as penei! erasars and electrical insulation. After the oil has been expelled from the germs, the residue is dried and ground into cattle feed and sold as germ oil meal. This is high in proteins and fats and particularly good for dairy cows. In the first separation the germs are removed from the rest of the corn and the balance, consisting of the starch and gluten, ground up fine and the outside hull o- bran is separated and sent over to the fe*d house for cattle feed. The starch and the gluten are then flowed over long Ubles, with' just sum"- cient flow that starch, which wheat is ground, by which method we secure corn meal, hominy, and certain other products. The other method, which consumes by far the larger portion - Qt the Y«orn ground, is know- . as the "^eV' ^j cess, and is tbe oaejutwd By Berijck £ Ford, Ltd., Inc. at Cedar JRap.Ids. who grind each day as much as an average farmer can raise on a square mile of good Iowa land. Employ WO People Penick and Ford's plant, at Cedar , Rapids, which has a grinding capacity of 12,000,000 busliels per year, is located on the Rock island and the Milwaukee railroads and represents a large investment It covers an area of 20 acres and employs about 900 people. It-^athers corn from the states of Iowa. Minnesota. South Dakota, Kansas and Nebraska, transforming it into valuable products which are distributed throughout the nation and shipped to foreign countries as well. As the corn comes into the plant, each tar is flr&t carefully weighed and the seals examined. After the grain is^nialoaded, the empty car is again weighed, i d as the scales are very carefully looked after and periodically inspected and tested. there is little chance of an error, especially as the scale beam automatically marks on the scaie ticket the amount of both weighings. Coru, as It comes from the field, consists of an outer covering or hull, -.vhich is called bran when separated from the rest of the kernel. Inside the huJI is the hard part called homey gluten, and the rest of the kernel except the germ is starch. The. germ is .situated on one side of tho, kernel closs to the coli and is the part which first starts to grow when the com is planted. The germ pr heart of the corn contains practically *r O f the oil, at least all of the oil extracted corn comes from the from the germ. Soaked for 48 Hours The corn is put into the elevators and then into large tanks known as steeps, where 1- t is soaked for 48 hours in warm water, which is kept constantly circulating to avoid fermentation. This causes the grain to swell up to about two or three times normal size, and it is then broken. up into several pieces. Additional ..water is added at this time, KS from this po.nt the product is all' pumped Instead of being handled dry. The broken pieces of com wfth |he attending waur, ar« pumped into a separator, and as the germs. which usually come out nearly wholP. are lighter than th* rest of ">*> grain .they float out of one openin K whl , s ihe bHllinoe of lne goos out- »f the botlom of tho Mio E prms aro then washed is slightly heavier, settles to the bottom of the tables and the gluten floatss off at the top. The gluten is then mixed with the bran and with the w£.t«r, which was used to soak the corn in the steeps, and which contains a considerable amount of Varying, p.f .valuable miner Js, just as the wheat bran contains some of the most vital parts of the wheat, -which are lost in white flour. This mixture of gluten, bran and steep water, is then dried and made into gluten meal or gluten ff ed. The former has 23 per cent protein and the lat- more ter 40 per cent protein, compared with about 10 per cent In ordinary ground corn. As protein is the most valuable feeding part of the corn, it i g evident that the fa'rmer can affoi* to sell his corn and buy gluten feed and meal even at a higher price—and still get better jreanlts from his money invested. Starch Moat Important The starch, which comprises about two-thirds of the kernel of corn, is by all means, the, most important and lend* itself to the greatest variety of uses. Starch can be either refined and sold as starch, or it can be converted into corn syrup, or glncose, dextrine or corn sugar. The :.ses of starch are so varied and so many that it would be impossible to name them all in this article. In addition to furnishing the well-known corn starch pudding, and being used freely in our- laundries, it Is also used fqr sizing cloth, carpets and thickening dyes lor calico^ for .manufacture of paste, Jgum, mucilage/ cosmetics, talcum powder, «tc ; .^*J, -:,*£. , j The firm of Penick and Ford; does not, by any means, sell all its ] starch as: starch, but converts a| good deal into corn syrup and corn sugar. To do this, the starch mixed with .; water is cooked under heavy pressure with a slight addition of "muriatic acid, and the atarch r is- thereby chemically con- .Verted into sugar, 'just as the starch which "'we eat as potatoes or bread, must be chemically changed into .*ugar before it can be digested, so the.com syrup or corn sugar is partially digested starch. The acid is completely neutralized by adding soda ^nich: forms" common salt. It is then purified through vegetable charcoal and boiled down until it becomes a very thick'llquid. This corn syrup/sometimes called glucose, is .used very largely in the manufacture Of confectionery. It is used in making preserves, jellies, and jams, as a carrier for other syrups such as maple syrup; it is used in ice cream andjn syrups for flavoring soda water, also in bakery goods, as well as the manufacture of shoe polish, and fo* making cores in iron foundress. Changed to Dextrine Wheti starch is roasted under certain conditions of temperature, it is changed to dextrine. Dextrine is soluble in water, and is also used in sizing of cloth and paper, and in the manufacture of guns, glues, and mucilage. The mucilage on the back of the ordinary postage stamp is often made of corn. Dex- trine is also used in coffee and rice polishing, in the manufacture of fire works known as "sparklers." as well as in food sources and many other product?. If the process of transferring starch into sugar is carried further, and the product is boiled down, we hav« a corn sugar. Corn sugar has for years been used in the manufacture o£ vinegar, calomel and sugar coloring, and alcohol, as well as for canning and other uses in the mechanical arts. Comparatively recently, however, a process has been perfected for crystalizing the- sugar in a manner similar to the way cane juice is crystallzed Into sugar. This gives a pure white sugar similar in ap- pearence to powdered sugar, although no^quite as sweet P.S elthEr cane or b?et sugar. -It has,- however, some very valuable properties, in that it I - used to better advantage in the making of bread or j ice cream, and owing to th^e fact that it is so easily digested, it is used for feeding infants and those who have difficulty with their digestion, it i s alio very good for preserving .fruits and jams, as it has about 25 per cent better preserving powers than either, cane or beet sugar. mmm TOMWttfflnNS CHICAGO '— T»* UttUtd State* MMte •ubeommittee sick- ing OMAM of ewrWtg crime, brot it* inmtlcattai MoMar into the midwest, wh«r* racketeers . and kidnapers fear only the federU government. Hundreds of official* and law enforcement officers of five sta.t«* —Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa antf Wisconsin— were called by Senator Royal S. Copland, chairman, to testify before the cotnmiUte hearings. Before opening of the hearing Senator Copland expressed the opinion tbe fun power of the federal government soon would be directed toward stamping out all form* of racketeering. Senator Copland has invited tbe public tp'f'Uend the hearings and has announced anyone with information of value to the committee will be heard. Business men and merchants have promised to tell how racketeers prey upon theoi, collecting tribute under threat of murder, arson and sabotage. Besides Senator Copeland . the committee is composed of Senator* Arthur "Vandenberg of. Michigan and Louis T. Murphy of lowf . Describes How Fluorine Salts Affect Teeth Very little is known about mottled teeth br the average laymen; in fact most of-Us have not been aware of the existance of such a condition altho it is very prevalent, and to a serious degreey"- la some communities in Iowa. However if one Js over 16 Of 17 years of age and -does not live in a community where tbe drinking water contains fluorine salts to' excess, there is no danger from this rouble. ' This was the consolation'offered by Dr. V. E- .Nelson of, the cbem- stry department of Iowa State colkge to members of tbe Kiwanis chife at tJwir legHter meeting fri- *ay. Dr. NelMft hM m*4t M !•*••*iv« »t«rfjr «f till* <**dlUwi which MM b*M kftowa it MMtttiaU for m*»jr y«aim It was flf»t 0i*eoyer^ IB Italy u4 !• knew* I* «Ut in many p*rta of Ear«p*, Africa a»d the U»lt*d BttUs, etptctally in the wettm part tt v ls cowed by an «*C«M of flttorJd**, *fcwt eight parts in a Million, in drinking water. A few y*«r* ago h« *«d«r took to determine If the condition WM prevalent in Iowa and found several communities where , tht children w«re affected. 1 The fluorides in the water affect the teeth of the crowing child causing thtm to lose their characteristic luster aad become chalky wbite and spotted. According to Dr. Nelson. These teeth do not seem to decay any faster than unaffected teeth but they become ftoft and do not hold a.filling well. These chemical salts do not seem to affect the a/lult tooth. Slides irere used to snow the appearance of affected teeth. ' The only remedy for. the condition is to remove the cause and a great deal of experimental work is being done to find a way of removing the fluorides economically. He mentioned one community where the objectionable chemical salts exist only in the deep w->ll water, They do not occur in the water from the shallow wells in this locality but organic impurities make this water unsuitable for drinking. Dr. Nelson prefaced his talk by a review of the-varlous theories as to th« cause of tooth decay and stated that all the theorists agreed that food had a great deal to f.o with the health of the teeth. He stated that to eat right and keep the teeth clean -was the- best way to help prevent -tooth decay. . $40,000 Await* two Daughter* MAHONEY CITY, Pa, OID—If Mrs. Maude Hoffman and Miss Mame. Lyons, daughters of Mrs. Elizabeth Lyons, can be located within two years, they will receive their' mother's $40,000 estate according to terms of Mr*. Lyons' will. Whereabouts of the daughters was unknown to thejjr mother for 16 years before her death recently. The. estate will go to a per- *onal friend of Mrs. Lyons if the daughters are not found. POTATOES Per Bag 6§C to $135 Idaho Russetts, Selected .... ...;'-..... . $2.00 Buy your winter supply now! ' ED COE SEED STORE Mac's Dairy.Poultry Mkt, is the place to sill your poultry, eggs and cream. You will get honest weights a«d highest prices here. PHONE 142 at the ; ; WHITE ROSE OIL STATION Fifth & Burnett All kinds of Poultry dressed -on order Eaton 6 Wright QASH GROCERY Thursday, Friday and Saturday Specials 127 Main St. Free Delivery Phone No. 53 I FtY SWATTER STURGEON BAY. Wls., <UF> &d Burr. fl!lIn* station operator here, made « rly swnttcr with Ir) cents worth of fine :'Mtr<t ago and lively. t wire 49 sMll usn a it effec- COCOA, 2-lb pkg OATS, Quick, large pkg ;..... CRACKERS, 2 Ibs .......... BULK RAISINS, 2 Ibs TOMATOES, No. 2 cans, 3 for ... CORN, No. 2 cans, 4 for PEARS, No. 2y 2 can PINEAPPLE, No. 2 1 / 2 can FLOUR, guaranteed, 49-lb... SALMON, medium red, can BREAD, Dark and White, loaf IOC ISC 25C I5c Z7c I5c I7c 1.59 5c COFFEE, good grade, lb ...... SORGHUM, home made, gal ...... CHEESE, Long Horn, lb ....... SOAP, White Naptha, 10 bars. NAVY BEANS, |Li«* Oj)v CORN FLAKES, large, 2 for .... LETTUCE, large head GRAPEFRUIT, 6 for .......... CRANBERRIES, 2 ibs ... ...... . ORANGES, good size, 2 doz . — POTATOES, peck ..... . ..... 4m~ lye ^ Art J,»JC SB* /C *•_ Z$C *j~ 24c HELP THE AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY Buy FOLGER'S COFFEE Today! 35c — 2 ibs 65c The Meat Shop Phone 53 H. C. Hoitetttr. Prop. Phone 53 Fresh Side Meat ..12y 2 c Boiling Beef ' 8c Smoked Hrfms, half or whole .... I4c Loaf 12y 2 c Picnic Shoulders .. lOc Oyaters, pint 35c m^mmmmmmmmi^^^^^^^^^^^^^ SPBCIAU FARMERS Bring ma your eg«*. frM package gltwt t* twy Mfii« bringing at twelve or Me* docen egg* on the throe Um pire day*. FREE- COUPON ~ntSJE Present this coupon on Thursday or Friday and receive one bar of P. and G. Soap Free. Low«rt Artrtfe Price Originator* OMEN 01 WAX BZAKi Siuwano £ake fancy 1131 pack No. 2 cans. No. » irfeve wbote ,,. .lit So. 4 store wfeofc ..,.. Ifc No. 4 »ieve cat, 1 tot . . Dried PEACHES New 1933 crop BUL Muir«, lb 13c Che. Mnirs, lb 14c Fey Muirs, lb 16c SOAP P. ft 0. White Naptha 10 bars 2$C SUGAR pure fine granulated 10 Ibs 5lc NAVY BEAKS choice hand picked Michigan 4 ibs l?c BUTTER Boone or Nevada fancy zreamerv CORN MEAL Certainty white or yellow 5 lb bag . lie PANCAKE FLOUB fluffy light Ige. bag .... Jt^C SICE choice Blue Rose .1...;.. JlC RAISHU California seedless OATS Buckeye, quick or regular YEAST FOAM makes perfect bread i$c MARSHMALLOWS Campfire Economy CHEESE mild, sweet . Longhorn lb 16c BREAD Harts Butterkrust white or whole wheat •_ »oaf .... 5C KARO SYRUP Blue Label 5-lb pail '.:.«Sc Red Label . 5-lb pail . .29c GRAPE JUICE Welch's Pint 19c Quart ...35c PINEAPPLE Hillsdale -• broken slices can, 2 for STARCH . Argo Corn or Gloss 1 lb pkg 8 for . . 20C 2 for 19c HORSE RADISH Mrs. Clark's' pure bottles 19C Solid Pack VAN CAMPS {a/, can ^^ PUMPKIN [a for 22C DILL PICKLES Happy Vale whole quart jar .. I7c TUNA PISH Van Camps fey light meat M size can for LUX> TOILET SOAP, 3 bars 20c LUX PLAKES, large pkg 22c Jaryt jpackage 20c TOMATOES C0ol«Spring fancy ; No. * en *4~, 2 for 21C PEAS Dodge Center sweets So. 2 can ^4 ~ a tor .. ZlC PRUNES Santa Clara Ige 40-50 size 2 Ibs Jlc SALMON Del Monte fey Sockeye 1 lb tall can a for .. BI8QUICK makes perfect biscuits PEACHES Rosedale sliced or halves 2j/ 2 can »•* a for . . 5jC KIDNEY BEANS Joan of Arc -No. 2 can. AM^ • for ... 2"C IVORY SOAP med. size bar u • lOi* bars ... *"** COEN Cbl Spring fey Golden Bantam \o. 2 can A 4 . 2 for . . ZlC MACARONI Spaghetti Noodles Quaker 3 pkgs I7c 4 cans PORK k BEANS Van Camps nc LOG CABIN SYRUP ~ pure cane and maple Table tin .........23c Medium, tin ......45c JEL-SERT An excellent Gelatine Dessert, all flavors FLOUR •• • Heart of Iowa 5 lb bag 25c 2*1/2 * baff -,....89c 49 lb bag ..$1.75 Bliss Coffee vacuum pack 1 lb can 23c «&*X»««3«XJ«J(3(*^^ SHOP AT STORY COUNTY'S FOOD MARKET Fresh Green Spinach, 2 Ibi 25c Fresh Green Beans, 2 Ibs -25c Cucumbers, long green lOc Cauliflower, large head 18c Brussel Sprouts, fresh, quart ... .29c Cabbage, solid green, lb. . .-.•. 3c Broccol', fresh green, lb. ........ 18c Persian Melons, jumbo, each..-..60c Extra Fey Solid Fruit Headquarters for the best values in Oranges Oranges FOLGERS COFFEE American Legion Auxiliary Sale 1 lb can :.35c 2 lb can ..'... 66c PABST CHEESE American, Brick' Pimento, Swiss pkg 2 Doz. . .35c 2 Doz. . ,45c 2 Doz. . .65c PEANUT BUTTER Win You fancy 2 ib jar TEA BISCUITS white or graham 3 doz 14C Assorted C-AKES •2 for Z9c Swt Potatoes S 8 Ik25c Tokay Grapes Si 41bs.25c CRANBERRIES, 2 Ibs. 25c GRAPEFRUIT, each . . . .5c CELERY, stalk ...... . .10c HEAD LETTUCE, 2 Jor 15c . 10 Ibs. ....... 19c LEMONS. 4 for ....... lOc PECAN ROLLS large cluster I4c CINNAMON ROLLS 2 doz Kitchen Klenzer 3 cans Ibc Ovaltine regular•> 50c size can 42C SILK TISSUE full 1000 sheet count rolls IflC Pose's Market Quality Meats at Low Cost— 229 Main St. LARSON'S CAMPUS MARKET CANDY Chocolate Creams Premium Bacon BUY A SLAB, BEAT THE TAX lb. 19c Hormel'sLard 3 ONE-LB. CAETON8 25c Decker's Canned Hams BEAT THE TAX 63c WAX- RITE liquid wax Morrell's Sliced Bacon CELLOPHANE PACKAGE lb. 23c Veal Chops lb. 15c Veai Hearts lb. lOc Bulk Kraut qt. 15c Frankfurts lb. ISc Pig links lb. 18c Rump Roast Ib.ISc Veal Liver lb. 2Sc Veal Tongues. ISc Spare Ribs lb. lOc Veal Loaf lb. ISc PUFFED WHEAT 2 Pkgs I9c SHRIMP Vac. pack'd fancy wet Xo. 1 can 2 for 29C Tenderloins lb. 30c Lamb Chops lb. 25c Sausage ALL PURE POBK 2 Ibs. 25C Hershey's COCOA H lb ran 9c Windsor Sliced Bacon 2 Ibs. 33c Pure Beef Hamburger 2 Ibs. 25c

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