Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS For All to Shore Dear Abby , Novtmbar 2$, 1970 Newspapers Help Newspapers have done such a good job of alerting the public to the problems of pollution and misuse of natural resources that they have found themselves under the scrutiny of conservationists. Some are alarmed by the fact that vast forests are wiped out to produce the nearly 10 million tons of newsprint this country consumes each year. Others say that castoff newspapers are a waste and a strain on disposal facilities. The Newsprint Information Council, composed of a group of Canadian newsprint mills, has checked into the allegations. (Canada supplies about two-thirds of all newsprint used in the United States.) The committee confirms that it takes about 17 trees to make one ton of newsprint. But because forests are run on a sustained-yield basis, the annual harvest, plus all losses to firt, insects and disease, is less than half the annual growth. Cited were the forests of the Tribune Co.. owner of a string of newspapers, including two of the largest in the world. These forests have just marked a half- century of turning out increasingly '. larger harvests of wood for the Chicago Tribune, New York Daily News and others. They currently produce about 550,000 tons of newsprint annually and could continue at this rate or better in perpetuity. "Like wheat," says the committee's publication, Newsprint Facts, "trees for newsprint are a renewable crop, although with a much longer growth cycle. "Cutting down 17 trees merely makes room for 17 other trees to grow. Frequently they are better, straighter, fatter trees, more economically harvested." As for disposing of yesterday's newspaper, the Midwest Research Institute in Kansas City, Mo., puts the average newspaper content of household garbage at about 6.6 per cent. Sanitation officials consider newspapers one of the less troublesome elements of their job. But shouldn't old newspapers be recycled and used again to conserve woodlands resources? In fact, some 2.3 million tons of old newspapers are being recyled annually. They are made into cartons, wallboard and other products. "Recycling is an excellent idea where it makes economic sense," says l)fews- print Facts. However, collection plans which are set up before there is a market for reclaimed paper can result in waste of taxpayers' money and the time and effort of conscientious citizens. One such drive in San Francisco produced so much paper that the bottom dropped out of the wastepaper market. It cost the city of Madison, Wis., about $28,000 to collect 1,000 tons of bundled newspapers in the first year of a special program. It's quite likely that someday virtually all used paper will, be recycled as better methods of reclaiming it are developed and as demand for newsprint and other paper products increases. In the meantime, it's good to know that we are in no danger of printing our, selves out of forests. Sea Weapons Ban A significant move toward world amity has been taken with approval, by an overwhelming majority of the U.N. General Assembly's Main Political Committee, of a treaty banning nuclear weapons from the ocean floor. Though this , is not tantamount to ratification by governments, it is a step that makes such action very likely. Under terms of this treaty, first submitted by the United States to the 24- nation disarmament conference in Geneva a year and a half ago, nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction could not be deployed beyond the 12-mile limit. It is noteworthy that the Soviet Union came forward as a co-sponsor of the draft after relatively brief discussion and some changes. General Assembly approval a year ago was impossible because of objections raised, especially as to verification procedures. Most of the questions have now been solved. We can now look forward with considerable confidence to approval by the requisite number of countries at this General Assembly session. Dangerous Toys One of the more frustrating things about life in a democratic society is the frequent time lag between passage and implementation of laws. Michigan's Rep. James G. O'Hara has just turned the spotlight on a case in point. The Child Protection and Toy Safety Act was passed in 1969. O'Hara claims that since then the government has not ordered any dangerous toys off the market, though it was the intent of Congress that this be done. The congressman gave some specmc examples of the sort of toy he has in mind. One is a lawn game which em- p'oys a large, steel-tipped dart. Another ' -, a blowffin dart that a child might suck hto his lungs. He also cited a children's o. m that gets dangerously hot. Some lapse of time can be expected I jre a new law is used. When child >;• oiy is at issue, every effort should be made to hold that lapse to the minimum. Washington Notebook Congress Unresponsive By Bruce Biossat WASHINGTON (NEA) - In these days when "lack of responsiveness" is a persistent charge against government in nearly all its forms, Congress surely is becoming truly an unresponsive institution. This lame-duck session, first in 20 years, is a characteristic mark of its decline. It tells a story of delay and inaction that has turned into a dispiriting, commonplace tale this past decade. Seven appropriations bills covering outlays for the fiscal year which began July 1 hang fire. Who can remember the last time these 535 stalwarts (or their earlier counterparts) of House and Senate last got the money bills into law when they were supposed to? With Hie nation and world changing with lightning speed, the members of Congress have really modernized nothing but their salaries. The cries for reform waft away on the wind. Everybody knows the infirmities of the seniority system, which rewards the consistent winners in safe areas (ever more numerous) and thus inevitably places vital committees in the command of often autocratic senior citizens. There is no way to know, let alone count, all the occasions when key committee judgments involving legislation of great consequence to the country are settled in tightly held little executive sessions ranging from eight minutes to no more than an hour. It happens all the time. The whole idea underlying congressional elections every two years — affecting a third of the Senate and all 435 House members — was to make the Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other then February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAKER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2, 1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $15.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year $18.00 AH Other Mail in the United States, per year $22.00 The Carroll Daily Times Herald is an ABC Daily Newspaper. The number of subscribers, recorded daily on permanent records and verified by the nationally recognized Audit Bureau of Circulations guarantees advertisers the paid circulation figures of the Carroll Daily Times Herald we accurate. Only an ABC newspaper can give assurance U« stated circulation if accurate. ' Unwanted Baby Scourge of Parents — By Abigail Van Buren Congress quickly responsive to the shifting desires of the electorate. But, all aside from the awful woodenness of the institution itself, it hasn't been working that way with the voters. This year, with a war still on, economic difficulties and such other matters as crime, urban strife, campus unrest, the costly shambles in welfare, and trust in government all bothering the people, the minority Republicans gained two seats in the Senate and lost a mere nine in the House. In 1968, when the war was far hotter and ferment leading unto riot and assassination of key public figures blackened the land, the GOP picked up four House seats and seven in the Senate. These changes are staggeringly small when set beside the deeply troubled mood of the country. Significantly, too, they fit pretty well into a pattern that is at least a couple of decades old. In the last 10 elections, on seven occasions the net change in Senate membership between the two major parties ranged from one to three seats. One time it was four. The modest switch of seven in 1968 was, against this backdrop, unusual. It was outdone only by the Democrats' gain of 17 Senate seats in the sharp recession year of 1958. How about the House, that marvelously reflective mirror of the national mood? In the 10 elections from 1952 on, it barely fluttered in four. The major party turnovers in these were nine (1970), four twice (1968 and 1962), two (1956). Three times the change crept up to around the 20-mark. Republicans gained 22 in 1952, the Democrats got 19 back in 1954 and the GOP again picked up 22 in 1960, even as Democrat John F. Kennedy was winning the presidency by a hair. There arc supposed to be around 100 "floating" or swing seats in the House. But in the span here studied, only 1958 Democrats (up 49), Barry Goldwater's 1964 debacle and the Republicans' 1966 recovery from it produced any sort of major upheaval. In 1964 Democrats padded a nice margin with 37 new seats. The GOP turned it around with a 47-seat pickup in 1966. If American voters really care what Congress is up to, they neither show it nor say it. The Gallup poll in September found one voter in five able to cite any specific benefit to his district from his congressman. Three of our Republicans, more than our of five Democrats and four of five independents could not link their congressman with any major bills. Maybe to be uncared for is to become sluggish and unresponsive. Timely Quotes Perhaps we need to be taking a whole new look at how we manufacture products in order to provide more responsible and meaningful work experiences. We have traditionally built splendid machines and hired workers to fit into the machines, so to speak. As long as the worker's main motivation was economic, this worked to everybody's advantage. Is it possible we now need to turn the process around? —Walter D. Dance, senior vice president of General Electric, on worker frustration and alienation. Ministers, priests and rabbis hear this time and time again — that we shouldn't meddle in politics. And I bet pharaoh said that to Moses. -Rev. Dr. William Sloane Coffin Jr., Yale University chaplain and co-defendant with Dr. Benjamin Spock in antidraft conspiracy trial Abby Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Is there any way • married couple* can get rid of a three- week-old baby girl legally. We have a six-year-old daughter and we wanted a baby boy so bad we prayed for one. I even used the alkaline-acidity method which was supposed to insure us positively of getting a boy, but I had a girl instead. All during my pregnancy I watched my diet and did all the things the doctor told me to do so I would have a healthy son, and when I had this baby girl I felt so betrayed and cheated. I hate her. I do her laundry, and feed her, and keep her clean because she didn't ask to be born and that is the least I can do for her, but I will never love her. I guess she knows she's not wanted. She screams every minute. If I am lucky, she may scream so hard she will choke herself to death. I considered doing away with myself, but my six-year-old needs me. I also considered doing away with this baby, but I don't want to go to jail. My husband blames me for getting pregnant, but I was so sure I would have a boy. Don't tell me that I will learn to love this baby. The only way I will love her is if she is gone. I am 27 and my husbaind is 35. He deserves some kind of sex life, but I just can't accommodate him knowing I might have another girl. Does this make any sense to you at all. Please tell me what to do. UNHAPPY IN SOUTH CAROLINA DEAR UNHAPPY: Since your husband shares your feelings about the baby, together you should go to your doctor and tell him exactly what you have told me. He will help you place your baby in a home where it will be loved and wanted. I urge you not to wait another day. And please write to me again and let rnt know the outcome. CONFIDENTIAL TO "ONLY A HOUSEWIFE:" What do you mean, "ONLY?" As far as I'm concerned, the job of a housewife is an executive position. In your home you are the Directof of Health, Education and Welfare, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Head of Entertainment and Public Relations, and Chairman of the House Rules Committee. And you'd have to be married to a millionaire to be paid what you're really worth. In case you've been too preoccupied to notice: The original crop of flower children has gone pretty much to seed. Polly's Pointers • Treads Easy to Replace By Polly Cramer DEAR POLLY — To remove the loose, unsightly safety strips from her bathtub, Elda should run very hot water into the Your Health More Harm Than Good Polly Cramer By Lawrence E. Lamb., M.D. Or. L. E. Most people eat less in adult life, particularly with advancing years and decreased physical activity. The decrease in bulk and the inactivity leads to less-frequent bowel movements in some cases. The sense of satisfaction stemming from a loved parent's reward if praise for the child's good performance is lost, resulting in a sense of dissatis- fact i° n - ^ ' IS * nen tnat preoccupation with the bowels, the laxatives and the enemas often begins. The chemical laxatives of ten cause more harm than good. They irritate the small intestine and cause undigested food to be dumped into the colon. Here the food decomposes, liberating excessive amounts of gas and foul odors. This contributes to distention and general ill feeling. The colon responds by slowing down the movement of the undigested food, by contracting and compressing the material. Soon the colon has areas of "spasm" and above the "spasm" areas distended with the excess gas. Pain results from the overdistended colon and the spasm. Water is extracted from the delayed stool, causing small, dry, hard stool products. The increased contraction and activity of the colon causes more mucus to be formed from the glands in the wall of the large intestine. The results are stools of small hard material, interspersed with mucus, fluid and a great deal of gas. Many individuals continue to take laxatives because of the small hard stools. If they stop the laxative, the hard-pressed small intestine slows down. There is little or no undigested food propelled into the colon. Of course, this delays the stool and the desired daily bowel movement does not occur. This serves to confirm the patient's opinion that a laxative is necessary for a "normal daily bowel movement." The victim is now fully hooked on the laxative habit. The small intestine and the colon are continually irritated. The stools remain abnormal, the gas and pain persist. Some laxatives simply add bulk to the stool. These contain agar, a gelatinous material that expands by absorbing water. This is less harmful but unnecessary if one is eating a proper diet. Enemas are not quite as bad as chemical laxatives. They don't irritate the small intestine and therefore don't cause the problems resulting from propelling undigested food into the colon. For the most part they act by increasing the volume in the rectum and through this means stimulating a bowel movement. Premature emptying of the colon, however, causes one to miss the next day's bowel movement. The result is danger of being hooked on a daily enema ritual. Have you ever had diarrhea? Who hasn't? Although constipation as a way of life is more common, almost no one has escaped at least one episode of diarrhea. Isolated episodes . usually result from food poisoning, intolerance to specific foods (such as food fried in olive •oil, spicy foods, or excess amounts of fruit), medicines and rugs (like antibiotics by mouth), virus and bacterial infections. Rarely do acute appendicitis or other local inflammations of the intestine cause diarrhea. Most episodes end spontaneously and the major problem is replacing lost water, salt and minerals. Determining the cause of recurrent frequent or persistent diarrhea is difficult. Diarrhea is more often caused by anxiety and constipation by feelings of hostility. The influence of the psychic on the gut is more complex than this since in some cases with constipation, particularly with the problem of spastic or irritable colon, hard dry stool is mixed with mucus and watery diarrhea. A few persons with recurrent diarrhea can help solve their problem by studying the relation of the episode to particular foods, alcohol, spices and cigarettes. Milk is often overlooked as a possible cause. Some people cannot digest lactic acid in milk and milk products. Diarrhea, distention and digestive disturbances often disappear when milk and its products are eliminated from the diet. Anyone with recurrent or persistent diarrhea should have a complete examination. This includes X rays of the stomach, and large intestine. Rarely do ulcers cause diarrhea. The rectum and lower colon should be examined by a scope permitting the doctor to look at the inner lining of the bowel. Several fresh stool specimens must be examined for any infection. The character of the stool is important to enable your doctor to determine the cause of your diarrhea. Repeated diarrhea can be caused by such things as diabetes, an overactive thyroid and rarely by low function of the adrenal gland. When it is a change in bowel habit, it can mean a tumor or cancer of the colon. Adequate screening tests, particularly for diabetes and thyroid function, are mandatory. Simple diarrhea is not so simple. It is a symptom and requires a careful, complete study by the doctor if the problem is to be resolved. Dear Dr. Lamb — My brother, 44, has a development of one side of his breast. Could it be dissolved rather than removed surgically? Dear Reader — Any mass or growth that develops anywhere on the body should be examined by a doctor. There is simply no other way to tell if it is a cancer or not. Men can and do develop cancer of the breast. I don't know what your brother has, but it should be seen by a competent doctor. If he doesn't have one, get a recommendation for one or more from your county medical society. Often such a growth has to be removed by surgery and examined by a microscope to tell what it is. Nothing but trouble is to be gained by waiting. tub and let it stand foi a few minutes, then drain slowly. At the same time, start to peel the strips loose with the tip of a paring knife. Remove any excess glue that is left with cleaning fluid. Rinse with good sudsy water. After the surface is completely dry, it is ready for new strips. —H. L. R. DEAR POLLY — I find your column most interesting for the man of the house. May I reply to Elda's question about removing bathtub safety tread strips? Some of ours came loose and, in experimenting, I found that a common paint thinner made easy work of removing the adhesive and the remaining strips were gently pried loose with no damage to the tub. —BOB B. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — There is a milky film on my glass baking dishes which cannot be removed with soaps, detergents, scouring pads, vinegar or ammonia so I hope someone has a simple solution to offer. —D. M. E. LENGTHEN WNJ-SKfRT BY ADDING- STRIPS NEA DEAR POLLY — My suggestions air* for lengthening mini-skirts. An A-line or straight skirt can be lengthened by adding several strips of contrasting or co-ordinating colors at the bottom, leaving the side seam line as is. When making an addition at the bottom, the whola thing should be lined with a lightweight lining fabric or the bottom band made double. In the latter case, catch stitch the edging of the reverse side to the seam edge so no hemline will show. Fancy braids from one to four inches wide also could be used. • Pleated skirts could be lengthened by adding plain yokes at the top. Two-piece knits could be lengthened by adding a sham of lining fabric at the top, making sure the top overlaps the fabric at least two inches. Make a new maxi-length skirt in fabric that will go well with several of your mini-dresses and wear them as tunics or overblouses. It may be necessary to shorten these dresses a little. Girls, this should help the family budget and keep you right in style. -MRS. L. P. J. You will receive a dollar if Polly uses your favorite homemaking idea, Polly's Problem or solution to a problem. Writ* Polly in care of this newspaper. <S> WP.fcy NU, IK, "Who con nomt and focatt tnt cownfrfe* wntrt some /tare tafctn rtftigffj rtctntfy?"
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