Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa on May 8, 1946 · Page 7
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Postville Herald from Postville, Iowa · Page 7

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Postville, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 8, 1946
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Page 7
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WEDNESDAY, MAY «, 1916. THE POSTVILLE HERALD, POSTVILLE. IOWA. PAGE BE YEN. Letter ft Soy Beans Needed Now As During War Years For the Herald's Ilomemakcrs by Iowa State College Home Economists To Help Fight Famine— PRESERVE FOOD "Two hours from garden to can or freezer" is a good rule to follow when preserving; food to help fight famine. And use fresh, tender fruits and vegetables. The preserved food will be no better than the fresh food. "Sharing a meal and saving a life" means that 20 million victory gardeners will have to preserve every possible bit of food this summer, say Iowa State College home economists. And prospects for adequate supplies of equipment for the country's homemakers olter assurance that it can be done. Pressure canncrs are more plentiful. Some manufacturers are exchanging wartime canners for aluminum can- WM. C. BAKKUM CHIROPRACTOR In Postvlllc Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays ncrs. County extension home ei nnmists can give the details for the exchange. It's important to know thoroughly the manufacturer's directions for opcr ating your pressure canner. say home economists. Having the gauge tested locally before each canning season will insure correct temperatures and pressures for the processing of foods. Enamel water bath canners, more abundant now. can be used for blanching foods for freezing as well as for processing foods. Haynes Surveys History Of Jails Throughout Iowa Iowa farmers are being asked to grow nearly as many soybeans ns during wartime. A revised planting goal of 1,050 thousand acres recently was announced for the state, and a support price of $2.04 a bushel for the 1046 crop was provided. It's important along with maximum acreage to get high yield per acre, Iowa State College agronomists remind growers. Meeting the acreage goals with the highest possible yield will result in production of the oil needed for food and industry. Use Adapted Varieties. To get the most bushels per acre, adapted varieties should be planted early, the agronomists say. High yield also depends on the rate of planting, seedbed preparation and other cultural practices. Lincoln soybeans arc recommended for planting In southern and central Iowa. In northern Iowa the Richland is adapted to the more fertile soils. A new variety, Earlyana, also is well suited to this section. Suggested planting dates for row- planted beans are May 15 to 25. The last week in May is best for beans drilled solid, the agronomists say,' because there is more opportunity to kill weeds before planting. Control Weeds. Soybeans do best on a well prepared seedbed. When the crop follows corn either fall or spring plowing is satisfactory. For weed control it is recommended that the soil be disked and harrowed several times before planting. Stirring the 'soil helps to germinate weed seeds so weeds can be killed ahead of planting, according to the agronomists. Weed control should be continued as soon as the beans are up, using a harrow, weeder or rotary hoe as long as possible, and then following with regular cultivations. Need Rich Soil. The more fertile the soil the higher the yield, but except on a few sandy soils beans do not ordinarily respond to applications of commercial fer tilizers. It's important to inoculate the beans, though, so they can get their own supply of nitrogen. Rate of planting will vary with the method used. Best results will be obtained by using a rate high enough to give a stand that will smother weeds in the row. For medium width rows a bushel per acre is about right. Solid drilled beans will require two bushels per acre. DIDN'T LUXE IT. Residents of Eagle Grove complained recently about the "terrible The proper housing and care of pris-1 taste" of the city water. They were oners in county jails has been a serious surprised to find that due to difficul problem in Iowa from earliest times. Since there has been no statewide supervision of jails there has been little modification or improvement. Conditions have depended upon the interest and efficiency of supervisors, sheriffs, and county attorneys of the ninety- nine counties. Inspection by local authorities docs not result in any substantial improvement. A now courthouse makes for better physical surroundings for a while but the general situation does not change. A survey of the history of county jails in Iowa is given by Dr. Fred E. Haynes in the January issue of "The Iowa Journal of History and Politics." Efforts to improve jail conditions began with the establishment in 1898 of a Board of Control of State Institutions and the organization of a State Conference of Charities and Correction. In 1898 a survey was made of the Polk County jail; between 1904 and 1912 Forest C. Ensign of the University of Iowa made an extensive study of county jails in Iowa. As a result of this study Iowans learned that their jails were "usually gloomy, unsanitary, dingy, cheerless," and often positively bad, even for temporary occupancy. Privacy was impossible, and decency became a luxury. The jails were described by Professor Ensign as schools of crime, providing "a system of compulsory education in bestial human wickedness." From time to time efforts were made either to provide state supervision of county jails or to substitute four or more state reformatories for offenders sentenced to thirty, sixty or ninety days in jail. Since 1930 the Federal Bureau of Prisons has had authority from Congress to provide suitable quarters for prisoners suspected or convicted of Federal offenses who must be held in county jails. As a result of Federal investigation in 1939 it was found that no Iowa jails were rated as high as 60 per cent. The advantage of Federal support of prisoners is likely to gradually improve jail conditions in Iowa. ties the water treatment plant had been temporarily out of the system and the eviltasting water was simply the "raw water" that Eagle Grove residents used to drink—and like—before the water plant was installed. THE Only At FARMERS STORE Farm-Bred Baby Chicks Allamakee Hatchery J. M. OVERLAND, Prop. "Serving The Progressive Poultrymen" 3E •'-•"on JOSEPH B. STEELE ATTORNEY-AT-LAW Office Over Abcrncthy's Store Telephone No. 240 DR. H. D. COLE Dentist Office Over Citiiens State Bank TREAT VEGETABLE SEEDS FOR BEST GERMINATION •Dr. F. W. KIESAU, M.D. jDr.M. F. KIESAU, M. D. Office Over Louis Schutte's Hours—Dally 9 to 12 and 1 to 5 Wed. and Sat.—7 to 8:30 p. in. Dr. C. M. Morgan VETERINARIAN Office Opposite Post Office Telephone No. 146-J LOUIS SCHUTTE WILLARD SCHUTTE Funeral Directors and Embalmers Cut Flowers For All Occasions BURLING & PALAS ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW Office Over Postvllle State Bank Prospects Bright. The prospects are bright for adequate numbers of jars—regular and wide-mouthed jars of all sizes—and rings and rubbers. Using last year's empty glass jars will make the supply go farther. And lids to fit them are available. Tin for cans also is available, but homcmakcrs are urged to can in glass jars. Large quantities of tin are still being used to send food overseas. Though dark clouds hang over sugar supplies, don't give up canning or preserving because sugar is limited and sirup scarce. Green and yellow vegetables and tomatoes requite no sugar. When preserving fruits, go easy on the sugar and ration it according to your family's needs for the coming year. If you haven't a pressure canner or access to one, freeze non-acid vegetables such as peas and corn. They are easier to handle and may keep better than if you process them in a water bath canner. Air -Tisrht Cartons. Water and vapor-tight cartons are a "must" in freezing any food. Specialists discourage the use of butter or folding ice cream cartons because they are not air tmht. Peas dry up, lose their texture and flavor, and often the product is wasted. Cardboard containers, to be used successfully, must be well coated and lined with cello phane. Darkening of yellow fruits can be prevented by freezing in sealed glass jars or tin cans. These will, of course, take up more space in the freezer. America is a sharp contrast to the tragic picture abroad. Never before have so many been living so close to starvation. We can save commercially canned foods for them if we prevent waste in our own backyards by pre serving what isn't used on our tables this summer. NEED GOOD HOG PASTURE TO SUPPLEMENT GRAINS Shortages of both grain and supplement this year will increase the need for good hog pastures, says E. L. Quaife, Iowa State College swine specialist. Quaife says farmers who don't already have clover or alfalfa for their hogs should consider rape as about tops in feed saving. Experience shows that a good pasture will save from 10 to 20 percent on grains and concentrates. And an acre of rape should save as much as 1,800 pounds of corn nd 600 pounds of protein feed. Rape can go in now, and it does best it's sown on - good land. Quaife recommends sowing about 6 pounds per acre and prefers to sow the rape alone. Most farmers have found that they can't depend on corn and pasture lone all during the growing period. Pigs need some additional protein supplement until they weigh from 60 to 75 pounds. Young pigs just can't eat enough pasture to take care of their protein needs. , In figuring pasture needs, Quaife says an acre of rape should pasture at least three sows and litters, or be tween 20 and 25 hogs. The crop will furnish pasture all summer. J. W. MYERS, M.D. Office Over Luhman & Sanders Telephones: Office 188-W Residence 188-X Dr. R. F. Schneider VETERINARIAN Phone No, 170 Postvllle, Iowa Day and Night Calls Answered Office In The Iris Theatre Bulldinc Monona and Postville Rendering Service We Pay Up To— $2.50 For Horses and Cows Permit 45 For Prompt Service Telephone POSTVILLE LOCKER SERVICE Telephone No. 288 Monona Farmers Phone No. 202 Allamakee Rendering Works Call 555 Postville ALL DEAD ANIMALS LARGE OR SMALL We Pay Cash and Meet All Competition IVE WILL PAY FOR THE CALL) During the late winter and early spring, right up to planting time, it is well to treat most vegetable seeds with a good disinfectant and protective dust, Larry Grove, Iowa State College garden specialist, says treating with Arasan, Spergon or Semesan will be profitable. Semesan is safe to use on all vegetable seeds with the exception of lima beans. Farmers who are using Arasan for seed corn treatment can also use it to eat most of their vegetable seeds. It takes little time to treat the garden seeds and cost less than a cent a pound Also, seed treatment insures a stronger stand of seedlings' and is likely to in crease production. Damping-off 'is the most common cause of disease in seedlings. Gardeners often attribute poor germination to poor seed. In many instances, poor germination may be the result of damping-off disease destroying the seedlings before they appear above the ground. Treating seed will help them withstand this disease. For treating, large seeds, such as peas, the easiest procedure is to put them in a pint or quart jar, put a small amount of dust in the jar, screw on the lid and shake vigorously until the seeds have been coated. Then they're ready to plant. For seed pack ets, just tear off the corner of the packet, insert as much of the dust as can be placed on the blade of a pen knife and then shake the mixture around inside the envelope. FOR STRAWBERRY FUNGUS APPLY BORDEAUX SPRAY Many strawberry beds are beginning to show leaves with circular white areas bordered with purple. This is caused by a fungus disease which may reduce the crop through destruction of the leafy area which manufactures food. When setting new strawberry beds, it is wise to choose plants from beds which are free of this disease. If the disease shows up in the planting later, it may be controlled by applying bordeaux spray just before and just after blossoming. As soon as the har vest is ,over, the plants should be sprayed again. In applying the bor­ deaux spray, care must be taken to cover both the upper and lower sur faces of the leaves. In the fall old leaves should be mowed, raked and burned. DANCE RAINBOW GARDENS Waterville, Iowa Wed, May 15 BENNETT GRETEN Your Favorite Dance Band Coming—THURSDAY, MAY 23: Skipper Berg- and his Band TRACTOR NEEDS MORE CARE IN DRY WEATHER WORK I Recent dry spring weather has created an operation hazard which can easily reduce the newest farm tractor engine to a heap of junk in a few hours, warns Dale Hull, Iowa State College agricultural engineer. Farmers should take special pains to clean the air cleaner on their tractors daily when dust is heavy. Neglected air cleaners cause rapid ring, valve J and cylinder wear wliich invariably results in a high rate of oil consumption. HIGHER PRICES! FOR DEAD ANIMALS Small Animals are just as acceptable to us as larger ones! We are paying higher prices for dead animals! By Higher Prices we do not mean MERELY meeting competition. Due to present conditions of roads Tankage is available at Art Ricker's Service Station. The supply is limited. You may either call us collect at our plant, telephone No. 1000, or if more convenient, see or call the service station of ART RICKER in Postville, No. 287. Postville Rendering FLOYD BLY, Proprietor Dance WHITE SPRINGS BALLROOM McGregor, Iowa Sat, May 11 RAY ALTO and his Cowboy Serenaders •••••••• OPEN EVENINGS TUESDAY through SATURDAY We Feature BAR-B-QUE RIBS and SANDWICHES FORNEY & LOFTUS, Props. SPECIAL OFFER Universal Studios One 8 x 10 inch Beautiful Photograph in Colors *1.49 Groups up to four, 50 cents extra Selection of Poses Smaller photographs can be ordered when proofs are shown. All sizes and styles. Photographer will be at Commercial Hotel, Postville TUESDAY, MAY 14 Studio hours 10 a. m. to 6 p m. Bring Your Friends All Work Guaranteed l i ni l'ir in. , ill. inn / mi; < i" .v I. I.I' ... i'1'l" 1 l,Kl)>s Oil. ( (). i \|.. 11 tii i.. .i.. I.I i i . I; \ II Ii i\\ \

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