The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on August 3, 1974 · Page 4
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 4

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Saturday, August 3, 1974
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] ailijJournal OPINION PAGE SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1974 Editorial wrilten by James Gray and Cfi»r(« Uixlerwooa Editorial Schlesinger's reasoning is wrong on impeachment Writing this week in the July 31 issue of the Wai) Street Journal Arthur Schlesinger Jr. talks about impeachment proceedings against the President of the United States. The distinguished scholar, historian and Pulitzer Prize winner cautions his readers to note that this is a grave question which "enjoins us to widen our perspective." He says: "What Congress does about the deeds and misdeeds of Mr. Nixon will reverberate through the chambers of the future." After this introduction Mr. Schlesinger becomes the prosecuting professor. As we read him, he is telling us that Congress has no other choice but to impeach and remove Mr. Nixon from office, otherwise future chief executives will run amuck, violating the Constitution at will and perpetrating other misdeeds as casually as taking a trip to Camp David. We happen to think he is wrong on this score. Mr. Schlesinger informs us that unless Congress impeaches it will in effect be telling Mr. Nixon's successors that the present occupant of the White House has committed no impeachable offenses and that they can do the same things and get away with them. "They will be free not to execute the laws faithfully; not to be responsible for the criminal acts of their closest associates; not be limited in any deed they wish to commit in the name of national security; notito be restrained in any order, however improper, they wish to issue to government agencies; and not to be worried hereafter by any prospect of impeachment," Mr. Schlesinger says by way of warning. Now we are not going to attempt to make a case for Mr. Nixon today. He does have plenty to answer for. But we do contend that if Congress should decide not to remove the President from office, Americans can still face the future without fearing that presidents will go hog-wild. Certainly no successor would care to suffer what Mr. Nixon has endured these last two years. Many of his closest advisers are either in prison or indicted — the Oval Office tapes have given cause to question his morality — his popularity is zilch — the Supreme Court unanimously put him in his place — a House Judiciary Committee decisively voted impeachment articles against him — the full House almost surely will vote to send him to trial in the Senate. If the Senate decides to let him remain in office, it will be small vindication for Mr. Nixon. Any way you look at it, the horizon is bleak for him. And it is impossible for us to imagine any president ever coming along who would not be half scared to death by the record of the trials and tribulations of Richard Nixon and his administration. Who would want to undergo public humiliation and degradation in order to stay in office? Worse than kicking out Mr. Nixon as an example to future presidents, in our estimation, is the prospect of the President surviving impeachment if he is to be nothing but a crippled, ineffective figurehead for the remaining two years of his term. Rapidly deteriorating economic conditions in this country demands strong leadership now. We respect Mr. Schlesinger as a historian who chronicles and analyzes events of the past, but we can't say the same for his ability to peer into a crystal ball and predict the future. Impeachment remained a threat after Andrew Johnson was acquitted by the Senate and the same would hold true if Mr. Nixon were treated similarly. Soviet harvest endangered MOSCOW (AP) - The Soviet government reported this week that 22 per cent of the nation's grain harvest had been cut but complained that more than 22 million acres of unthrashed grain lay in the fields. This grain is in danger of rotting if exposed during the next two weeks of rains that have plagued farmers so far this year. Citing cases in the Russian federation and the southern Uk- raine, Soviet newspapers spoke of a "dangerous gap" between the amounts of cut and unth- rashed grain. In addition, they exhorted Communist party organizations across the country to spur on harvesting teams in many regions which have fallen behind their schedules. The 1974 Soviet grain production target is 205.6 million tons, down from the 1973 record output of 222.5 million tons. Business News Otter Tail Power declares dividend At a regular meeting of the board of directors of Otter Tail Power Company held on July 29 in Devils Lake. N.D., a dividend of 39c per share was declared on the common stock, payable on September 10, 1974. to shareholders of record on Aue. 15, 1974. At the same meeting, regular quarterly dividends were declared on the four series of preferred stock, payable Sept. 1, 1974, to shareholders of record on Aug. 15, 1974. Couples attend Amway convention Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Hoff and Mr. and Mrs. Merrill Paulson of Fergus Falls have returned from Grand Rapids. Mich., where they attended the international convention of the Amway Corporation. The couples who are Amway distributors visited Amway's Center of Free Enterprise and the Amway factory at Ada. Mich. Israel warns of possible Middle East war resumption Dear Minnie, It's good to sit down after hoofing it to the drug store to get some poison ivy salve for Ed. His feet are a mess because he went barefooted when he got out of a fishing friend's leaky boat. On the way home I noticed Adolph and Inga pulling stuff out of their car. They'd been to another auction and had a weird collection of a cream can, depression glass, an old quilt, sleigh bells, a battered doll and a washboard. This cool spell has given me a little more ambition and I just might provide them with some loot close to home. At the moment I don't know whether to make it a give-away, a garage sale or an auction! But there's going to be some weeding done. This bright idea came to me when I read advice about what to save in a safe deposit box. An important item, it seems, is a household inventory along with photos to back it up. In case of fire or burglary there would be some proof of the loss. Good grief, that would really be a job in this old repository of accumulated junk. I started in the living room and spent nearly half a day on one drawer containing about 782 old photographs, a jigsaw puzzle, seven decks of playing cards, some old sheet music going back to World War I, a high school annual for 1921, three antique valentines and four souvenir elephants. So before I do an inventory I'm going to start piling up stuff to dispose of for a combination of housecleaning and inventory. If my endurance holds out and that isn't likely. This inventory bit should include date of purchase, the price, model number, brand name and a general description. How do I do that with all these old relics? What else should be in a safe deposit box? Well, government or court documents like birth certificate, marriage certificate, divorce papers and service records. And of course deeds and abstracts, stock certificates, government bonds, and. would you believe, title to your car. Stuff like Ness honored Gene Ness, Fergus Falls Route 4, was honored for 10 years of service at a Lutheran Brotherhood sales conference last week at Vail. Colo. He was among 170 district representatives who attended the meeting. A member of the Jerome Ucinan Agency, he qualified for one of the insurance society's lop s;iles clubs FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray. News Ed. Glenn E.Olson, Advertising Mgr. P-L S.-e3 t, c e r q.s ,G_T.a CC a'»UE C>-ar.n rg Fer^s Fa S V rrv ttiT JA , e*ct^'S.-x:a,i a-<: ^^ aa,s Setord class pos'agepa 3a-r^-g^ c a ^ v r. r SUP.SC=? PTIOV =ii-Ei VEVSER OF TME iSSCCIiTED PRESS TELEPHONE >ie Jin f>e-sc- canceled checks, insurance policies, lax returns and old letters don't need to be there. Did you show your patriotism and get rid of your stash of pennies? I bet you can't name one thing a penny will buy these days except 12 minutes for parking. And that's a penny that can save you 50 cents. Some folks who get caught think the attractive meter maid has an uncanny gift for smelling a meter with the red flag showing. Did you see the movie, "The Exorcist"? The book was enough for me and I've heard the turnout for the movie was not what was hoped for here. Wonder when "The Great Gatsby" is coming. That's really had a pitch. The next movie to get a big push, I've read, is "The Godfather Part II." Other ones to look for are "Daisy Miller," "Chinatown" and "The Little Prince." The impeachment debate on TV was pretty interesting show but the Watergate hearings last summer were much more interesting. Otherwise the tube seems to be filled with re-runs of dumb shows. Neighbors are gone so much these summer days, on vacation or at the lake, there's isn't much live entertainment. My dismal garden isn't much fun either, even though it got new life from that beautiful rain Thursday night. As ever, Sadie Candidates promise to 'tell truth' NASHVI1.I.K. Tonn. tAV'i Former Democratic Rep. Hay Blanton and Republican lamar Alexander, once a White House aide, have begun the battle tor governor of Tennessee. "This fall we'll do just like Harry Truman." Blanton said after winning his party's nomination in Thursday's primary election. "We'll just tell the truth and they'll think we're giving them hell by telling the truth." Taking note of impeachment developments. Alexander conceded. "Any Democratic nominee this year will be a substantial opponent. I think we have an uphill light until November." With 89 per cent of the vote reported. Alexander defeated psychiatrist Nat Winslon 106 727-80.935 in a field of four candidates. With 12 Democrats in the race. Blanton led with 132.628 votes to 112.700 for Jake Butcher, an Oak Ridge banker. Alexander. 34. left the White House in 1970 to run the campaign which made Gov. Winfield Dunn the first GOP governor of Tennessee in 50 years. The state constitution prevents Dunn from running for a second four-year term. Postmaster asks end of airmail stamp WASHINGTON i AP) - Postmaster General E. T. Klassen said today he probably will soon ask for elimination of the air mail stamp because the classification now has little meaning. letters sent with air mail postage "certainly are not getting the kind of treatment" the extra three cents a stamp implies, he said. He pointed out an agreement reached last October with commercial airlines to transport by air all first class mail going beyond surface transportation areas. Before that, regular letters went on a space-available basis on airlines. Since the agreement, Klassen said, and with a 25 per cent postage rate hike in between, air mail volume has decreased to the point where the Postal Service could not afford to give such letters special service even if a faster transportation method were available. Klassen said removal of the 13-cent basic air mail rate would not in itself mean a boost in the rate for regular first class mail. He outlined his position in a meeting with reporters and Sen. Dick Clark, D-Iowa. Klassen would need to make any such recommendation to the Postal Rate Commission. By The Associated Press Israeli Defense Minister Shimon Peres warned again today of a possible war with the Arabs, especially Syria, which he claimed was "talking war, threatening war and preparing for war." . In Cairo, the newspaper Ak- hbar el Yom quoted Egypt's chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Abdel Gamasy, as saying plans are being implemented to confront the possibility of a resumption of the Middle East war. The paper added that Egypt has braced itself for any eventuality arising from reported Israeli war preparations. It said Israeli leaders have been waging a war campaign and that mobilization of Israeli reserves is under way. In Beirut, pro-guerrilla newspapers said Russia has agreed to supply the guerrillas with defensive weapons, including ground-to-air missiles and anti• armor weapons. They said the arms agreement was one result of guerrilla leader Yasir Arafat's current talks with the Soviet leadership in Moscow. The papers also claimed Moscow had recognized Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization as the sole Today in history By The Associated'Press Today is Saturday, Aug. 3, the 215th day of 1974. There are 150 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain on the expedition that resulted in the discovery of America. On this date: In 1780, Benedict Arnold was put in command of the fortifications at West Point, New York, during the American Revolution. In 1881, British troops occupied the Egyptian town of Suez. In 1914, Germany declared war on France. In 1931, the first airliner hijacking was attempted. A man and his son flying from !x>s Angeles to Houston tried, without success, to divert an airliner to Cuba. In 1943, during World War II, there were anti-Nazi demonstrations in Milan, Genoa and other cities in Northern Italy. In 1951, it was disclosed that 90 cadets at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York had been dismissed for cheating in examinations. Ten years ago: Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev called for an early German peace settlement as a major step toward elimination of tension between East and West. Five years ago: President Nixon wound up a visit to Bucharest saying that in his trips to 60 nations, "there had been none more memorable than his visit to Romania." One year ago: A fire at an amusement center on Britain's Isle of Man claimed 51 lives. Thought for today: If you wish to succeed, consult three old people—a Chinese saying. representative of the Palestinian people, and as the rightful ruling power in any Palestinian state. The Israeli defense minister said Israel has increased military service for reservists and is calling up thousands more from technical professions to ready army vehicles. He urged the nation to desist from strikes and demands for higher pay and realize it is facing a war emergency. Peres' statement to his Labor party in Tel Aviv topped a week of similar gloomy forecasts from senior Israelis such as Premier Yitzhak Rabin and Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur. Peres said the Russians, disappointed at Egypt's rapprochement with Washington, had aligned themselves more closely with the extreme Arab camp — Syria, Iraq, Libya and the Palestinian guerrilla movement. Peres charged Syria was receiving Soviet arms at a "massive pace" by sea and air, among them the MIG23, a super-sophisticated jet fighter which Moscow has sold to no other country except East Germany. \ Scattered drop in gas prices noted MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — A mini price war apparently has broken out in scattered locations throughout the Minneapolis-St. Paul area, with regular gasoline selling as low as 47.9 cents per gallon at stations in Brooklyn Center and Fridley. Robert Borrett, executive director of the Minnesota Service Stations Association, said Friday that it was dealers, and not the oil companies, which were dropping prices. Prices of 48.9 and 49.9 cents per gallon were noted at other independent stations in the metropolitan area. The lowest price for regular gasoline at .stations affiliated with the major oil companies were 51.9 and 52.9 cents per gallon. •Merry-Go-Round« Foreign cops discuss torture By Jack Anderson Consumer group's lawsuit dismissed ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - A . Ramsey County district judge has dismissed a lawsuit by a consumer group challenging rules set up to implement a new law requiring environmental impact statements on major projects. Judge Thomas Brennan said Thursday that the plaintiff, the Minnesota Public Interest Research group (MPIRG), had failed to cite any specific case in which application of the rules might adversely affect the rights of its members. MPIRG filed the lawsuit April 9. five days after the rules adopted by the Minnesota Environmental Quality Council took effect. The rules implement a 1973 state law requiring that environmental impact statements be submitted "where there is potential for significant environmental effects resulting from any major governmental action or from any private action of more than local significance." MPIRG has attacked a procedure in the rules under which the council seeks an "environmental assessment" in most cases before deciding whether to require a full-scale environmental impact statement from the governmental agency or private party involved. The consumer group also asserted that the council rules should require that an impact statement be submitted in any case in which it receives a petition signed by at least 500 people. In dismissing the suit, Judge Brennan said it was not "ripe" to be tried because the group could cite no specific cases in which the rules are allowing the environment to be harmed. In the absence of such grounds for legal action, Judge Brennan said, MPIRG is free to seek legislative review of the council's rules to determine whether they are consistent with the intent of the law. WASHINGTON -Students at the International Police Academy, a school run by the State Department to train foreign policemen, have developed some chilling views about torture tactics. After a lengthy investigation, we have found no evidence that the academy actually advocates third-degree methods. But we have read several student papers, which discuss the use of torture to break suspects. "As a last resort...," wrote a Nepalese inspector, torture is "practical and necessary." A S'outli Vietnamese policeman wrote that "threats and force can pull out any truth in a minimum time." A Zaire officer agreed "force or threats" will expedite an investigation but warned: "This tactic must not be known by the public." Another student from Nepal told how "carelessness" by interrogators had caused death, thereby creating "another trouble." The State Department-run academy has been accused of teaching torture tactics. The movie "State of Siege," for example, showed the schools' graduates torturing political prisoners. An investigator for Sen. James Abourezk, D-S.D., told us he had seen a number of theses written by the academy's students in support of torture tactics. The papers were written in English, Spanish and French, he said, and were kept in locked, steel cabinets. My associate Joe Spear, accompanied by Spanish and French translators, paid a call upon the police academy, which is located in an old streetcar garage called the "Car Barn" in Washington's Swinging Georgetown section. They were shown evidence, selected by the school's administrators, who tended to prove that the school doesn't teach torture tactics. Their own documents, however, reveal an ambivalent attitude toward torture. For example, the lesson plan includes instruction in ''Interviews and Interrogations." This teaches foreign policemen to question suspects in soundproof, windowless rooms with "bare walls." Thev are instructed to use They'll Do It Every Time WEC06HT TO COWPUN TO THE. CHOIR DIRECTOR CONGREGATION GOT FED UP WITH THE CMCHRS OU? REPERTOIRE- Mow THEY CHAHT THE HYMNS- 60 HOW'S EVERYTHING? t*M&r**'* "7WNX 7D SO- LATiOO XWN04TOWN, OrtiO such interrogation techniques as "emotional appeals," "exaggerating fears" and psychological "jolts." They are taught to observe the "physical state of the subject" for "sweating," "color changes," "dry mouth," and rapid pulse and breathing. The lesson plan also states, however, that "so-called third degree tactics" should not be used. It is argued that these techniques lower the interrogator's "self-respect," impair "police efficiency," lower "the esteem of the police in the public eye" and lead to "false confessions and miscarriages of justice." The foreign policemen, who come to the academy from such repressive governments as Brazil, Chile, Pakistan, South Vietnam and Uruguay, are told that "a prisoner must be treated according to legal and humanitarian principles." But our examination of the student papers showed that many students graduate without showing much effect of their "humanitarian" training. Here are a few excerpts: - Tdan Dinh Vo, South Vietnam: "Based on experience, we are convinced there is just one sure way to save time and suppress stubborn criminal suspects — that is the proper use of threats and force." — Lam Van Huu, South Vietnam: "What do we mean by 'force and threat?' Physical force — beating, slapping, electrocuting. Threats — physical, shaking a fist in the face of the subject; verbal, saying 'Listen, I'm going to break your neck if you don't confess.'" — Inspector Madhav Bickrum Rana, Nepal: "Many a time police officers have gained valuable clues by the use of (drugs)....The water torture is a simple and ancient method of letting a tap to drip on a man's head at a certain interval. This is very effective in breaking a tough man and can make a raving lunatic of any human being after an hour..." — Gonzalo Wilches Sanchez, Colombia: "It is undeniable that in innumerable cases, the interrogator is forced to use systems of moral or physical coercion to obtain truth that the person knows." — - Bemonatu Mpanga, Zaire: "The use of force or threats during an interrogation can be seen as one of our police tactics to be used for the expedition of an investigation....Above all. the press...should not have the slightest information about our methods of procedure." Footnote: Sen. Abourezk has introduced legislation that would eliminate the State Department's Office of Public Safety, which runs the International Police Academy. WASHINGTON WHIRL: Army Secretary Howard Callnway has frozen the reserve promotion of former Nixon campaign lawyer Paul O'Brien, who was implicated in the Watergate hush money case. A Pentagon spokesman told us fallaway, discovered O'Brien had been promoted to brigadier general, froze him in his rank as colonel and is now giving the case "further evaluation"....Sen. Strom Thurmond. R-S.C., and Rep. Wayne Hays. D-Ohio. feel they are too well-known to bother with name tags. At fl recent testimonial dinner. Ixitli men scorni'd name tai^s that "cvvrM.Tv kin" 1 -

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