Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa on October 24, 1933 · Page 15
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Ames Daily Tribune from Ames, Iowa · Page 15

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Ames, Iowa
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Tuesday, October 24, 1933
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Page 15
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'«nr BBRIB nr AMBT AMM DIH.T nnm-num AXM IOWA* TUUDAT, OOTOIIR 1(33. Corn King of All Grains Before White Man Viewed New World t*fif b*for« the atf+araar** of th* human race, aatat* ptrw for th* wHtvrn h«mi«t>b*T« »iagl* corn plant and the hilli or plateaui of the Am* erlcan tropic* brought the plant into existence. Botanically *« t«r» the plant To the "con" haa but one meaning. But la Europe the various small grata* — wa«at, oat», barley, rye — are il* or Indian c*rn. American. the called com. Seajon after seaaon, the plant grew aad extended it* domain. Man began to notice that young plants would make their appearance wh«re *eed* had beea dropped accidentally. Then men learned to bury a few seeds where he Dished new plant* to be, and toon progress became more rapid. In due time knowledge as to the seasons, the methods of preparing the soil, planting and cultivating made its way. In Indian L**.*nd* Injlan legends tell of the Introduction of maize culture from tribes in the general direction of Central America. One popular mylh of the Mayas of the forested foothills or the Yucatan and Central America tells how certain earthly dieties gave to the barbarian tribes the seed of maiie and taught them its culture and use. The American origin o. the plant is seldom questioned today. The hjgh degree of maize culture practiced In Mexico and Pens has led * seme to consider a doable origin of the plant —, one strain being propagated in North America and the other in South America. But almost everyone, who hss studied maixe, agree s that the original home of corn is in southern Mexico. It ig also agreed that the common ancestor of the maize plant was probably a herbaceous perennial. Spread Par and Wide The Indian cultivation of maize became widespread. The early ex- plortrs to the new world looked with wonder upon the plant. By the cl<se of the fifteenth century, the cultivation of maize had become extensive from the gulf of St. Lawrence and the Dakotas far down into Chile and Argentina. But the plant was most successfully grown in the fortieth parallels. Peru and Mexico had become the most advanced agriculture seats. The highlands of eastern Brazil and the northern coast of South America bad a nomadic population which depended upon maize for a part of its subsistence. Columbus Found Malt* When Columbus reached the West Indies, he fou»d maize grown by the Indians. In writing to Ferdinand and Isabella in 1498 he mentioned corn fields. All evidence points to the fact that maiie was unknown to the old world before Columbus found ;it growing here. De Soto found large fields of maize in Florida in 1575. In 1680. La Galle noted large supplies of it in the section now known as Illinois. But Columbus played a part In the early considerations of the new plant He cawed the adoption of the word *^nayz.'* a derivative of the native name in many dialects. From this came the modern word "maize." of malt* voder cultivation. By If M they hat a hardy crop and exported 190 bushels that year. Watching the cultivation by th* Indian. the white settlers realized that to maintain the standard of a crop, breeding the mail* wag necessary. The comparative ea*e with which to* crop could be grown at <r*t eliminated the spur of necessity, and it remained for the closing years of the last century to convince civilized men the necessity of applying scientiflc knowledge to .the breeding. Up to the present time, all Taken *o Spain Cora -was taken to Spain by Spanish explorers and upon recognition of the plant's usefulness was distributed to Italy, France, .Germany and other European counties. The Portuguese distributed the plant along the cost of Africa. Authorities state that the maize plant was the economic stepping stone of the colonists in temperate North America. It was also to be the banner of the immigrant Into the Misslwrtppi valley. The maize area most Influential in the early colonization and development of America Comprises all portions of the United States east of the arid plains region, til some places it extended as far as 30 miles into Canada, Cultivated ty Colonist* By 1610 the colonists had SO Industrial Uses Are Benefit to FarAi "tressing the importance of corn as a raw material in the manufacture of hundreds of industrial products ranging from cotton textiles to dynamite, chemists and scientists are Urging closer attention and fuller encouragement for this use of domestic grain on the ground that its possibilities are unlimited and that steady improvement of the cash corn market will benefit prices and add to the value of feed corn. The Corn Industries Research foundation of Indianapolis points out that about a third of the cash corn crop is absorbed by the manufacturers of starches, syrups, sugars, oils, gums, and dextrines that are used in more than 30 other basic industries to produce a mul- tlt_de of commodities its widely varied as syrup and oil cloth, dainty desserts and fireworks, paper and rayon textiles. ""ast quantities of starch made from corn are used in the cotton industry to limber the kinks out of newly-made thread so that it can be woven. The use of starch in laundries is familiar but it* use to produce a varying finish on different kinds of paper is less well known. The powder that keeps new rubber goods from sticking is starch and so is the main part of many face powders. The gum on envelopes, and on the backs or stamps may be made from corn textrin, which also furnishes-a good wood veneer glue. Glucose, the substance that kept Chicago's Mayor Cermak alive so many weeks after he was struck by a bullet meant for the president, is a product obtainable from corn. Pharmacists use cernstarch as a b^se for pills that contain drugs in too small an amount to be handled method* «C drill*** hav* failed ta do MOT* thaa iadi- eat* th* general trend of «volutloa in th* plant. Throtttkovt hlttoty, th* hreadiai *C auto* ha* tea* llttl* mar* thaa U. elUniaat* a f*w superfluous organ* aad ;oaetntrat> ed th* fruit late oo4 or only a few ear*. Th* element* of^ specialisa- tion are aald to he a continuation of th* process that nature and the I Indian, bar* b**a promoting for centuries. Chief Cr«v *f U. •. Today mats* it extensively grown in Mexico, Argentina. Hungary, Roumanla, Italy, Rjuiia, Egypt, Ihdiafl and South 'Sirica, and to a less extent in Canada, Peru. Chile, Central America, Spain, Portugal, France, Germany, China, Japan, Australia and the Philippines. It remains the chief crop of the United States, and each year the nation produces three times as much corn a* all othtr countlres togethef. the aim of producing merely more corn was indefinite and gave way to an attempt to reach definite ideals of perfection co-incident with high yields. Many methods have been employed in the attainment of these results. In recent years, the principles of genetics have been applied. Improved by. Inttr-Brteding Maize is susceptible to the im- pr ving influence of hybridization (inter-breeding) and selection. Re- gantisc the latter, farmers are in-* ••Mod to It tot U>* aM*i of the progroM ao far. Africwlt*rall*u doclare that hybrtdUaUoa will play tbo major role la the tutor*. UM iatfrovoBioat of eora doubt- ION had its beginning in the almost unconscious choke at planting time of the beat ears from the depleted store left over from the previous year's crop. Fannera with forMight selected thlr aood earlier resulting in the selections being mad* la the fltlA at or before harvest tine. » The botanical study of the ttaoy varltieg of maUe abows only au- perflcial difference between them and point* to a wild ancestor that was much like the modern plant. "he effect of the cultivation has been chiefly to reduce the number ai.il to increase the sis* of the inflorescens* or blossom of the plant. The choice of available varieties of the one best suited to a particular set of conditions seems to have been made about as Intelligently in the bast M now. The Indian's taste for the gaudy kept. i-. use the wider range of colors in corn than Is known to the average American today. Orefon'a Chtrrlea Thrive SALEM, Ore. (UJE) — Oregon's cherry population consists of 446,956 trees of bearing age, and 871,- 95C young trees not yet bearing. Oregon ranks seventh In mature cherry trees in this country. as separate doses. with corn syrups. Babies a, e fed Athletes are given the same substance because of their need, for quick and plentiful energy. The electric battery used for flashlights cr doorbells has starch in it to provide body for the electrolyte. The oil extracted from corn gives a cooking and salad Oil or, like pure; olivet and • other vegetable oils, i| can be used for making superior grades of soap. And the gluten,' fibe¥"and soluble minerals left over after the other materials have been extracted from industrial corn are made into gluten feed, oil meal cake or other feeds for stock. Chemists claim that the possible future uses of starch corn derivatives are and other unlimited. People are eating fully 60 per cent less corn in the form of meal and grits than they ate 30 years ago, but the packaged com Into fiffer- ent starches, sugars and syrups are providing a variety 'In taste that helps to counteract this trend. They are putting more corn into the national ' diet to make up for the declining use of unprocessed corn. If industry continues to espand as it has in the past new uses for industrial com can be expected and a steadily increasing market should result, .with- a livelier de-. mand fgr cash corn and a better outlet for the surpluses that are raised in bumper crop years, Osborn'S Only by selling dresses of Real Quality can we give satisfaction and retain our customers' confidence and good -will— You need not insist upon quality at Osbom's. It's' already here and with it is your assurance that the price win always be right. WE FEATURE Dresses of Quality Correctly Styled at $ 15°° , NEW MILLINERY $1*95 $2.95 $3.9S COATS " "° lrimne<1 $25 BRANNBERG&ALM JAMOUI FOOTW2AB Right Now— ii When valtfc in footwear is all important. What wt mean is that by adding a little (50 cents or a dollar) to the price yon pay for a pair of shoes you double the value yon reoeiTc. Do Not— buy .footwear whose only merit is a cheap price, as the fit and wear values do not prevail in such purchases. B & A Footwear— is bought and sold with only one aim in view, viz., VALUE TO THE WEARE&. And we mean value in a true sense, STYLE. FIT AHD WEAfi SATISFACTION. B & A SHOE SERVICE 18 BACKED BY FOBTY YEABB OF EXPERIENCE Brannberg & Aim Famous Footwear for the Family Downtown—Ames FWE STlAflri ABB DEVELOPED IN IOWA (Continued trom Pag* Three) •oed only of mer who had won prizes. "They then spent *very spare hour during the lat* fall and *arly winter picking ov«r thousands of ears in the hope, of finding a few with just the right length and circumference and straight rowa with wedge-shaped kernels of just the right depth and width and that intangible thing which might be called com character or corn personality." Thus, through cultivation and the application of labor and science, corn, one* so valuable to the Indian, has become equally valuable t» the vhite man. And Iowa, the rea in which much of thU 4*v*lopm*at ha* taken place, has cone to b* widely heralded at a corn-producinf •tat*. More Valuable Than O*M Iowa's corn crop is more valuable than th« »HVer of Nevada, or the gold of California. Drop a grain of California's gold into th* ground aud then, it will lie unchanged M the seasons pass. But drop a grain of Irwa's golden eora into the ground and lo, a mystery! In a few days it softens. It swelia, and brings forth a living, srowlcg plant. The grain Itself waa of yellow hue, but the new product— the growing plant—Is of emerald green. With the passing of time the tiny green spout become* a vigorous stalk, reveling in the air and the lunshine. Presently it arrays its«lf In tassels and •ilk* and •iirpacMe Utomm la itary aa4 araaacur. At la*t th* rlp*M4 oar apt*ars, showing forth aot ***, bat many golden fralaa, each remarkably like ta* OB* which a few briefs months Vofor* was plant•4 in Iowa's fertile toll. Taw Iowa becomes the stat* where the tall corn grows, and the plac* where corn, Itself, ig king. IOWA'S ANNUAL OOlN SHOW HELD IN AMES (Continues from Page S) there was a definite idea of what an ear of corn would look like-. Very specific standards were arbitrarily set up. In later years there has been a definite tread toward consideration of performance rath. er than physical appearance. In jnapectlon of ears maturity and poaraacVaad Ta* craclal t**V av P*rformaaot. RoblaiM hat b*ea *oor*tary of the association and la charge ¥ th« •how tine* 1M0. Hearr Ktehllac now r district ageat la ta* «ortta- •lon »ervic*, was secretary free* 1*13 to ifli. Gruat Caapaaaa. **• ' roctor of farm tours at Iowa State, and a member of tb* farm cro»* extension staff, was first pr*ai4«ftt of the association. At that Urn* b* was farming ntar Badfloy. L. W. Forman of tb* farm crop* ataft who then lived at We»t Branch was named second . ice-pre»ideat whoa the association was organized la 1104. Th* Iowa show is much th* larger of th* stat* shows and the eora show held in connection with tb* International Livestock show at. Chicago it only a little larger. TildeoV Millinery 2ND FLOOR Corn Empire Days One of the most unusual selections to go at this price seen this season. Extremely smart and positively new in every respect. Draped crown, peaked crowns and perky sailors. Beret and brims in this splendid assortment. £2.95 to #5.00 Values in Two Groups $2.00 -a $3.00 \ \. ' v» s>< REDUCED ONLY FOR THIS SELLING EVENT THURS.-FRI.-SAT. ^v^Si-v-^^.'xS IS* Pn ILCO Citut&uncej MODELS Startling Improvements—Amazing Values Just out I Now at all dealers—the greatest radio values ever produced. Glorious tone—thrilling performance—masteV- pieces of cabinet design. Spectacular improvements that open up new avenues of radio entertainment. Never before has your radio dollar been worth so much! Come In SEE AND NEAR THEM All Philco deafer* have tfccce new 1934 Philco Mwfcla on «li*pl«y. Even if you we mot ready for a new radio oow^vuit your •eareat Philoo dealer and get acquainted with the latest and greatest achievements of radio *cknee. See how Phik* engineer* have reached new height* of radio performaae*. No oMifation—you will not be urged t* buy. m PHI1CO TT Mil. ALL WAVE-rt. U. 8. liMli*« tin acw Brittek U* C*U», •Urn wklk .Ex. PHILCO lax—A f^nrf.1 Sap*** witk eout-t*-e*Mt ditUbc* ran c * *»4 (fori* Ota tone. H*» p*t*mud Phife* S*oadjng Boant, AWIuria •tW Tttilfo IntftanmantM fcy Aea Nuh of fcfnr*! rtripe M»4 fc«tt valant with ddlcat* MMjdta«* *ad m»r«i»tiy. Get* Mice Cmilm, mirfUm* u4 »«t*»r «•«!••£ la •4<Uti*a M ttcote •*»- ei fU\ tmixo UB-A rick t..«j, ,.w~r.i s-^r- PHILCO COMPACT bctonriru wttk Aariitoti» Spufer, 1— r n I fc *» W %i W ftl T*% % I Jb«rPiiilc«iMiixOTem**t« atwr*I«u t*rf<n*mt* In c«n»<M*nM > With 4UMIMMkV IBalHUMkV 4 -• •- *^^^T^^ ^T, r mnd traf *t*U«m* «85 Ccto at T*ln« at *20 EASY TERMS Year choice of any Philco for a *waO down. Balance on eaay terma, LIBERAL ALLOWANCE FOR YOUR OLD RADIO NOW ON DISPLAY AT DEALERS NAMED BELOW 10 cSALE introduc* ffe new PHILCO HIGH EFFICIENCY TUBES Buy I Tube at the Regular price and get 11ll* another for I UW PWka Tata* an amaBar la* earraat than aay AC tea *Carai. y*t thay eiMMjr «f aay radU. Try TWkea te yew **t aad aat* th* dif emwa. Take advantage of our special lOc sale offer YOUR OLD TUBES TESTED FREE Tills Week ONLY This Week Only! Think of It! The first tube at regular price, the second (similarly priced) for only li)c. Hurry, replace your old tubes now at big savings. For the Home Without Electricity Philco Offers You Choice of Two Outstanding Radio Values One in mantle type at Complete with tubes and batteries $49-50 One in a beautiful walnut lowboy cabinet at Complete with tubes and batteries $59.95 Th*se sets are equipped with the new low drain, high efficiency tubes and with long life fool proof batteries. A free home trial will convince you! CARR HARDWARE CO. AMX», IOWA FHOWI ,34

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