IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is on independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher A Great Pacific State? Extension of the national holders ol" the United States to the far roaches ol the Pacific is envisioned in a resolution soon to bo introduced in the Senate. The essential scheme would be to have the St.tre of Hawaii annex the Marianas, Caroline, and Marshall islands, now held as a trust tcrritoiy under the United Nations. American Samoa and Guam might be included, in addition. Samoa was partitioned between Gcrmimv r.nd the United States in 1SS7. (\Vcstcni Samoa, which had been administered by New Zealand, became the onlv independent state in the South Pacific in 1962.) Guam was ceded to the United Slates by Spain. The United Nations mandate of the Trust Territory was es- lablished after World \V:n II. The "Big Hawaii sehrme is being pushed by Gov. John A. Burns (D). who as delegate 1(> Congress fought for 'inal adoption of the Hawaii Statehood Act in 1959. The resolution broaching the proposal is the work of Sen. Hiram Fon" (B Hawaii), ehinu it a ccr- ~ tain bipartisan cast Sen. Ernest \V. Gnicniug (D Alaska), who was director of the Office of Territories during the Roosevelt administration foresees the day when there will be "i great Pacific state in which the outlying areas would be part of Hawaii." Gruening stresses however, that this arrangement must be whollv a matter of "mutual consent" not onlv ol Hawaii but also of Guam. Samoa and the Trust Territory. Sentiment in the island state runs strongly in favor of the plan. In an editorial which pointed out practical problems, the Star-Bulletin of Honolulu went on to rhapsodize: "Despite the obstacles and the difficulties, the plan is well worth pursuing as a step toward the fulfillment of Hawaii's destinv as a link between the peoples of America and Asia." The immediate reaction of Guam's newly elected and first representative to Washington, Antonio B. Won Pat, was that Sen. Pong's proposal "would simply mean the substitution of one form of absentee government for another." Guam's representative predicts that his people will reject the scheme it ever it is put to a referendum vote. The two U.S. territories in the Pacific. Guam and Samoa, now have self-rule on a democratic basis. The American tru^t islands—the Carolines, the Marianas, and the Marshalls— elected last month their first territorial congress with extensive legislative powers. Island spokesmen at a recent territorial conference in New Guinea said that they were satisfied with this stage of self-government. They did not envisage leaving American protection. The chief objector to American annexation c.f the mandated islands, of course, would be the Soviet Union. The Russians could be counted on to exercise their veto power in the U.N. Security Council to thwart U.S. "colonialism. ' But, as the Washington Post, which labeled the Fong plan "troublesome/' concedes, "It is no secret that the present situation is not ideal. A Big Hawaii remains a possible, if not an immediate, solution. Traffic Jobs Go Begging In the early days of the automobile, the immediate <_roa] of engineers was to build as manv miles of high.vays as possible. Today, the very success of this stupendous redesign of the country, which has been both a cause and an effect of /ooming auto production and use, has resulted in new problems —particularly traffic congestion and accidents and a shortage of lii«hwav transportation engineers to plan, manage and operate America's 3.5 million miles of roads. The United States has only fi.600 specialists in transportation planning, design, traffic operations and traffic research, says a report of the Automotive Safety Foundation. We could use 1.400 more right now; by 19SO we will need 2.200. There are t\vo principal reasons for the shortage. One is that highway transportation lacks the glamor uppeal of somt of the other new branches of engineering, such as space and electronics. The other is the lack of educational financial assistance. According to the foundation, $360,000 a year in additional support would bring the training program up to a desirable level. Compared with fbe 41-plus billions we are .'pending for the Interstate Freeway System, this is indeed small potatoes .Compared with the human and financial cost of 48-plus thousands of traffic deaths every year, it shrinks to nothingness. Coast Guard Milestone On August 4. 1790. the First Congress of the United States authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase 10 vessels for securing the collection of revenues.' That tiny fleet, originally called the Revenue-Marine and for eight years the only seagoing armed force of the young country, was the beginning of the U.S. Coast Guard. Today, the thousands of men of this service, with scores of shins and planes, not only continue to carry out their traditional duty of patrolling the American coast; they sail in every one of the seven seas, from Arctic to Antarctic. They operate and maintain, among other things, a worldwide network of navigation stations, buoys and other aids, a nuclear- powered lighthouse, icebreakers, iceberg patrol and rescue service. Most recently, 17 Coast Guard ships were assigned to help the Navv protect the coast of South Viet Nam against infiltration of gucr- lilla arms, men and supplies. Walnut shells abound in Neolithic dwellings from 7000 B. C. Gosh, is the shell game that old? Dad claims there's a place for everything in his house. But Junior hasn't found out about it. Honoring Martha Graham (Copyright 1989. King feature* Syndicate. Inc.) By John Chamberlain Aspen, Colo. — Tliev gave Martha Graham, high priestess ancl authentic genius of the modern American dance, the second annual SoO.OOO Aspen Award in the humanities at the mid-summer convocation here in a huge red, \vhitc and blue ten!—and this commentator, who believes in spontaneity and the voluntary way of life us ugaiiist state-ordered tilings, found the whole affair a moving confirmation of his philosophy. To begin with, this Kocky Mountain town ol Aspen is a memorial to unfettered men. It was once a frontier silver mining camp, reachable over 12,000-foot Independence Pass (still a scarv stretch of unpaved road huiminc i '~ i . O the canyon sides) from Leadville, and when the anti-silver 'Void bug 1 ;' took sole charge r i of the American money supply in the nineties its Victorian structures, abandoned to the ghosts, began to fall to pieces. But a Chicago industrialist, Walter Paepcke, saw possibilities in the place—and following his nurturing touch if lias come back as a combined ski and art center. Its architecture is a fascinating blend of Alpine chalets. A-lrames and mining town "old American." Its winters are alive with exhilarated cries as adepts at parallel-turn skiing dodge the more awkward Schuss bunnies on its slopes, and its summei's are given over to forums, panels, concerts, and lectures, the highlight being the Aspen Award, which was established last year by Robert O. Anderson, the chairman of the Aspen Institute For Humanistic Studies. Martha Graham, who still dances with her company at the age of seventy-one was plainly delighted to receive a check for $30,000 in a tent that was all dancing movement as a mountain wind played with its roof and flaps. And the speeches, by Henry Allen Moe, president of The American Philosophical Society, W. McNeil Lowry, vice president of the Ford Foundation, and Alvin Eurich, president of the Aspen Institute, were singularly free of the pompous platitudes that usually disfigure memorial occasions. Dr. Moe took occasion to praise the American "dance" of baseball—and re paid his ultimate tribute to Martha Graham when he said that he had once had a chance to trade her autograph even-up for one of Babe Ruth. He recalled that a youthful fan had once had to put up fifteen signatures of President Herbert Hoover to get one of Babe Ruth, which, to Dr. Moe, was a sufficient commentary on Martha Graham's quality. The U.S. State Department sent a spokesman to read a speech for Roger L. Stevens, the. special assistant to the President on the arts, who had to stay at home at the last minute because of an accident. In the words read for him, Mr. Stevens informed the Aspenites of all the great things the federal government proposed to do for the arts. To this observer, the Stevens words were singularly out of key with the occasion. For Martha Graham, the rebel, had come into her own in a period in which America was alive with artists who insisted on fighting the establishment, which included the government of their time. If there had been government nurture of the arts in the days of Martha Graham's novitiate, the tapayer, who is a conventional creature when taken in the majority, would have been scandalized to see his money going U; support the modern dance. People with long memories will recall the uproard over Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt's attempt to bring unconventional dancers into the war physical fitness program. I distinctly remember Senator Francis Maloney of Connecticut saying, "We just couldn't have Miat sort of thing." Not so long ago this columnist wrote a favorable piece about Roger Stevens, Mr. .Stevens was "hen trying to collect money from voluntary sources for the John F. Kennedy Center for the performing arts in Washington. This seemed the fitting way to do tilings in a democracy of people whose incomes arc, or should be, their own to spend on cultural activities as they will. But after the Dallastra- gedy Congress collapsed and voted government money to Mr. Stevens. This was quite understandable in the emotional circumstances of the time. But I still say the Aspen way, which is to put support of the arts or a fircn voluntary foundation, is the American way. In the long run the rebels, the Martha Grahams of the futui". will do better if Washington keeps out of their iiair. Escalations *^»-»->- &:'$r*i .^^^^•^c'^^^l^i^^^^^^^ H • ...-." ,. .'.••J»>^ .,''*L'..., ' ' ' •- •'..'. . - • •X-*-'"'" Vv . '. .-. ' ^m ' ' fcil -' Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Administra- population or geography alone, as there are certain resources and industrial factors w h i c h some regions possess that other regions do not. . Reorganization of the wh o le £,°"P 5 * tat£ L S federal-system could be tackled Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Washington is eyeing the nation's stock exchanges again with the idea of getting more power to review their ways of doing business. In return it may offer them immunity from antitrust suits." Presumably the investing public would get what the Securities and Exchange Commission considers needed additional protection from the professional operators in the stock markets --and the exchanges would be freed of some troublesome suits. The SEC has been asking, and getting, changes in stock exchange rules since 1963. following a study given emphasis by the 1962 stock crash. After considerable sparring in the ton seems to feel that government review of what the insiders do would be in the public interest. The SEC may run into opposition from the justice Department's Antitrust Division if it seeks to get blanket exemption of the exchanges from civil and government suits. A number of private antitrust suits have been filed in federal courts around the country against the New York Stock Exchange, charging its members acted like an insiders club to the detriment of brokerage houses that didn't belong. None of the suits has yet been decided. it it tr The Justice Department has been conducting its own study or the various trading markets of the securities industry. early stages of this drive, the i The Supreme Court held in exchanges have acquiesced and! 1963 that the New York Stock helped draw up the new rules, j Exchange doesn't have blanket 666 ! immunity from antitrust suits The reforming process is to be; because of SEC regulation. Now resumed, SEC chairman Man-; the commission apparently uel F. Cohen indicates in a let-: would like to tighten its regula- tcr to Sen. A. Willis Robertson! tory powers once more and get of Virginia, chairman of the i congressional immunity for the Senate Banking Committee. '< exchanges from antitrust suits. The exchanges haven't been But in his letter Cohen incli- too happy about proposals to cated that any action of the SEC have all their actions reviewed.; as a reviewing authority over But once again they are engag- the exchanges would be subject ing in talks with the SEC toito court review, work out plans that both feel; The New York Stock Ex- they can live with. The areas in, change has said in the past that which the SEC wants more pow- it is doing a good job of policing er includes all exchange actions; its own members and that SEC in making rules, enforcing! review of these actions isn't, them, and disciplining rule ] warranted. But in an official breakers. , statement it says has been dis- The exchanges have held that cussing, such proposals with the they are doing a good job in commission and expects to policing themselves. Washing- i reach a satisfactory accord. could elect delegates to a re- tively speaking, not only is the; gional legislature which would present system of government in the United States outmoded but, if not completly reorganized, it will grow even more clum- be co-ordinated with the office of a regional governor elected by the same component states. Twelve regional govern o r s sy and inadequate a? population j and legislatures, for example, multiplies from decade to de-| would take a big load off the cade. I the Picsident. This would point Thus, the boys and girls who; the way to effective administra- are ten years old today w ill,) tion as well as to a more effi- when they are 5 years old, 1 be living in a country populated cient use of tax funds. more than twice as many today. When this writer was 11 years ;j It may be thai, under such 'I a system, some regions would include only populous states, old, the population of the United other egions might em ™ by a constitutional convention . I The method for calling such I a body into session is provided! in the constitution itself. Certainly the idea thai one perhap^ sonic day 1.000 or more] members of congress would be' able lo enacl laws applicable j Porcupine Mountains slale park to date is 70.800, as compared to 84.050 last year. . . .B e s- seiner's Speed Boys won the 1955 Michigan-Wisconsin b a se- b;ill championship by shutting out thc Ironwood Red Devils Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Todav is Thursday, Aug 5, the 217th day of 1965. There arc , 4-0 behind Jay Bennetts one-hit onlv certain sections of the 148 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On tins date in 1864, a fleet pitching Thursday afternoon at Gorrilla Field at Bessemer. 20 YEARS AGO — Tempera- count rv and to collect enou g h led °- v Adm - David Farragut in- lures: High 65. low 58. . . .Iron- taxes for equitable distribution' vacled Mobile Bay under heavy wood residents are urged to in a coantry of 300 to 500 million firc from land ' floating mines save and press all tin cans people without a much b e 11 er ! and t!v ironclad ram Tcnnes- j which may be salvaged for re- admimstrative system seems sec - La-hed to the rigging, Far- ; use by the government. The city an unrealistic concept \ new i ra " ut - £ flve his immortal com- ; of Ironwood will hold anolhcr kind of federal system with re-! mand ' "Damn the torpedoes —.tin can collection on August 20. s many as five or six gional units to .supervise and as-' fu " speed ahead." At the end . . .A jitter-bug contest with 109 miiiinn TV,,, copio I states . depending on the number I sist state ancl local governments. 01 tne battle, the Confederacy's cash awards will be the feature u- minion, me socio- of citizens in a given area It | in certain ficlds can surely do last outlet on the Gulf of Mexi- of the Montreal Local 2573 CIO wouldn't be practicable, of! a betr?r job than can be ex- lco wai; closed. ; annual picnic which will be held course, simply to divide theipectel from the overburdened I On this date now is logical changes in the last half- century or more have placed a buvden of administration that will continue to increase. The net result may be to leave unfulfilled the worthy objectives of the laws known as "public welfare" legislation. it it il More centralization is bound to produce waste and inefficiency. Decentralization is the logical answer. The main reason why the system of 50 states, with their numerous cities and counties, is not equal to the challenges of today is because the population increases ignore geographical lines. There is, moreover, no way to collect sufficient revenue in states which do not have the industrial capacity or the income-producing facilities to raise the desir e d amount of taxes. Although the 50 govern o r s would be the last persons in the world to concede that the state systems are outmoded, they themselves — both democrats and republicans — in their recent conference in Minneapolis, Minn., pointed to the complex problems arising as the federal government moves into anti- country into regions based on | system of today. The Washington Scene In 18R4, the cornerstone of the Statue of Liberty was laid in New York Harbor. In lbP2. Congress passed a bill for the coinage of five million half-dollars as souvenirs of "ie World's Columbian Exposi! next Sunday at Upson park. A Daily Thought By BRUCE BIOSSAT MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.—(NEA —This country's head long growth in numbers of people, bringinc a torrent of problems, is putting the 50 governors in the same huge boat. The flood of difficulties they are encountering is, in an important sense, a great leveler. For one thing, it is tending to make ot them—with a few exceptions—a collection of face less men who must raise taxes again and again and then hope they will not be recognized on the street. For another, it is washing away some of the chief distinguishing partisan marks be- ween Republicans and Democrats holding executive office. What emerges from a parley of governors today is a widening concern, sometimes tinged with poverty projects, Mass transit,! wisps of despair, over the big- housing and educational p r o grams. This is why there is a great deal of talk about federal r e funds to the states. In sue h fields as medicare and education, for instance, the National Government is already so deeply involved that the states find themselves begging for federal funds and are willing to accept a measure of federal control. This could mean expensive administrative processes bee a use the machinery would be too often duplicated. Hence, the trend has been somewhat in the direction of regional administrative procedures. This is especially to be noted in the educational field as well as in the Appalachia program and other anti - poverty projects. or employment it it ness of everything—government, the problems they must deal mendous new multibillion dollar highway program to keep up with choking traffic. The wisdom of the prud e n t man is to discern his way, but In 19J2. Theodore Roosevelt the folly of fools is deceiving, was nominated for the presiden-, —Proverbs 14:8. cy by the Progressive party. \ We must not pro mise what we In 1914, British nurse Edith, OURht n ot, lest we be called to The demands in education are;Cavell was arrested as a spy; perform what'we cannot. Abra- already thoroughly forseen and she later was executed by the ham Lincoln, Civil War presi- well remarked. By 1975 the Unit- Germans ed States will have more than, Ten years ago — Harold Stas- dent. 225 million people the! sen was sworn in as U.S. deputy < school burdens will be preposter- i representative of the U.N. Dis- ous by today's standards — large - armament Commission. as they are. i F 've years ago — The De- An astute staff man with a' tense Department announced mldwestern governor made a i that Bernon Mitchell and Wil- point that at once should en-jh'ai-n Martin,^ mathematicians courage ancl frighten governors Promenade Approved By Ann Arbor Council ANN ARBOR (AP^ — A promenade for Ann Arbor's downtown business district, ex- federal level: The numbers of people are now so great, and the problems so many. that bigness heraftcr cannot be operated solely from Washington. •6 6 6 The enlargements and complexities of government which lie ahead must of necessity pla c e principal demand upon state ancl local authorities. No federal cap- zon. Then years from now the gigantic federal interstate highway system will be complete. But the governors know that even before it is finished they will have to be moving fast on a tre- The Grant to the States o f refunds of federally coll e c t ed revenue may be experiment e d with now, but it is not the solution. The real answer may come through a system of regional governments by w h i ch the entire state and lo c a 1 structures of taxation would be reconstituted, reserving to t h e federal government cert a in fields, with specified categories left to the local governments. For many years there have been at various times suggestions made that the United States be divided into 12 regional .systems such as the federal reserve board has f o u nd useful In dealing with economic and financial factors of the country as they relate to interest rates and banking. It might turn out that, once the advantages oi regional systems of administration are recognized, the Whole legislative and executive functions of the national government COllld be limited tO allOW Al1 Imiil subscrH.tion.s payable 'in ud- IntitnHp tn tho rerrinnul i vanur - B - v carrier, $21,.8(1 pei- year in laulliae 10 tne regional I advance; b; th« week. 40 cents. Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan. Ebtablished Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23, 1946.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood, Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press is entitled ex- tion era can mean. with, the money they must | ital city could possibly cope with s P end - the .ieed, except to pro vide broad guidelines. In this general mood, Republicans are losing their exclusive Repub mood, geneal the Ineta franchise on the antibig government theme. Big-state Democratic governors are muttering into their Martinis about "federal encroachment" and wondering where it ends. They are growing weary of the endless cycle that nev e r seems to produce anything but more cf the same. They hunger for new break-throughs, for fresh marvels of social invention, but see none on the hori- One vear ago — Three bodies •V the FBI ii were identified as civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chancy. by the Council. The city will foot two- thirds of the $121.000 cost, merchants Ihc remainder. Record of the Past Michigan Congressmen Vote With Majority WASHINGTON (AP)—All 10 Michigan Congressmen voted with the majority Tuesday as the House passed 328-74 and 10 YEARS AGO — Tempera-, sent to the Senate a comproires: Hich 83. low (53 ... .At-!inisr> vnrsinn nf t.ho vntiiirr tures: High 83, low 63 ... .At- j mise version tendance at the state park at; rights bill. of the voting An a'de to Democratic Gov.j Lake G ogebic is up 10,000 over, Edmund O (Pat) Brown oi Call-1 thc t£Uly at this date last yea r,!:NOW A MODEL ninrex'omile 0 ^ wh" S n oo" j bUt the number ° f visitors H Ori 6 inal of the O^riga, ,u lems ofthe"00 minion onnin" ; the Porcu P ine Mountains state! bronze chariot of victory, which f™%?n ,,n ™ P ™ P ' ' P ark has declined nearly 5,000.! slood alop Berlin's Brandenberg or California toSs ine S330 snends an as ' Attendance at tne Lake GogeicJGate, was almost completely dc' slate park to clate this year ls slroycd durin B World War n to rtdof wasesof al k nd eS ° a1k ' nS ve-i iut a ' 24 ' 482 ' compared to 14 ' 502 al and - toda y> a model stands in —sewage, industiral waste, etc. i By 1990 it must spend SI billion for this purpose, a sum equal to one fourth of the federal budget in the last year of Herbert Hoover's regime. And California is running out of land in which to bury such wastes. For 30 years many Republicans have allied against bigness in government as if it were a a plot To them and many Democrats, it seems today less like a plot and more like a plague. But all the signs suggest it is a condition they may learn to control a little, but never cure. this time a the its place. Berry's World Timely Quotes History abounds in societies whose beliefs in eternal verities | and values also abounded in a I full catalogue of horrors inflicted ! clusively to the use for republication I by man Upon man. of all the local news printed in this | Part H Himhurcr nrnfoucnr newspaper, as well as all AP news dis- , , ., ' "' inlDlll 8' P'OtCSSOl patches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Inland Daily Press Association Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mail within a radius of 60 miles—per year, $12.00; six months, $7 00; three months. $4.00; one month Sl.fiO. No mall subscriptions sold to towns uncl locutions where carrier service is maintained. Elsewhere— 5.15; of philosophy at Tulane University. I hae lived long and happily because I have never overtaxed my stomach or my brain and have tried to live with young folks. —Louis D. Wallace, of Nashville, on how he managed lo reach the age of 97. of an ostrich about three pounds each. 1965 by NEA, Inc. ". . . An' H Wf co//erf on ARMAMENT conference fir Genevo—moyte De Gaulle and Mao would want 0 Disarmament conference.'"
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