The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa on December 7, 1894 · Page 2
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The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa · Page 2

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, December 7, 1894
Page 2
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'Zh " PROFESSIONAL CARDS. C. E. REYNOLDS, A tTORMlf Md OOCN8ELOB AT LAW. n. PtMUoe in Ml state and tederal courts. Contnavial Law a Specialty. 0»e» OTBT firnt National Bank, Carroll, low*. W. R. LEE, Will practice In all stateftndfed •ra couru, Collections and all other bust" will receive prompt and careful attention, in Fint National bank block, Carroll. Iowa. F, M. POWERS, 'TOBNtST. Practices in all the court* and •akm collections promptly. Office on Vina t, over Shoemaker's grocer/ store, Carroll ta 6-BOBGE W. BOWBN, BNET AT LAW. Hakes collections and dnsacts other legal business promptly. OI , in fitlfflth Block, fifth St., Carroll, A. U. Qunrr, <*"aTTOBl»ET AT LAW, will practice In all the ' A Courts, colleotlons in all parts of Carroll qoatr will hare closest attention. Offloe with WoMbmitern Building and Lean Association, ton* ild« Filth street, Carrol,, Iowa. DB. W. nRNTAI, 8URWEON. Teeth ex•* traoted without pain by the , XI ot nitrous oxldn gas. Offloe over Flrat National Bank, corner Carroll, low*. ]mw[ L. SHERMAN, Oasadministered. AUworkli guaranteed. Offloe on Fltth at., over poitsffioe, Carroll, lows. PRESIDENT 1 * MESSAGE. m/ic. AET8 Proildent lam K»OKKL8. . . . Vice President i. T. HBSS, . . . . . Cashier DOB8 A &SNERA.L BANKIN& WASHIKOTON, Deo. 8.—Following is President Cleveland's message, which Was read to Congress: To the Congress of the United States: The assemblage within the nation's leg- Illative hall of those charged with the duty of making laws for the benefit- "f n generous and fre« people, irnpresslply suggests the exacting obligation andin- oxorable responsibility involved in tlu'ii* tank, At the threshold of such labor now to be undertaken by the congress of the United States and in the discharge of an executive dut; enjoined by the coistU-v tion. I submit this communication, containing a brief statement of the condition of our national affairs and recommending (uch legislation as seems to me necessary and expedient. DEPARTMENT OF STATE. Oar Peaceful Foreign Relation*. The history of our recent dealings with Other nations and our peaceful relations With them at this time, additionally rtf-in- onstrate the advantage of consistently adhering to a firm but just • foreign policy, free from envious or ambitious national schemes and characterized by entire honesty and sincerity. During the present year, pursuant to a law of congress, commissioners were appointed to the Ant- wero Industrial exposition. Though the participation of American exhibitors fell far short of completely illustrating our national ingenuity and industrial achievements, yet it was quite creditable in view of the brief time allowed for preparation. I have endeavored to impress upon the Belgian government the needlessness and positive harmfulness of its restrictions upon the importation of certain of our food products, and have strongly urged that the rigid supervision and inspection under our laws are amply sufficient to prevent the exportation from this country of diseased cattle and unwholesome meat. The termination of the civil war in Bra- til has been followed by the general prevalence of peace and order. It appearing at an early stage of the insurrection that its course would call for unusual watchfulness on the part of this government, our naval force in the harbor of Bio de Janeiro was strengthened. This precaution, I am satisfied, tended to restrict the Issue to a simple trial of strength between the Brazilian government and the insurgents and to avert complications which n t times seemed imminent, our firm attitude of neutrality was maintained to the end. The insurgent* received encouragement of eventual-asylum from our commanders and such opposition as they encountered was for the protection of our corn- V Loans Money at Lowest Bates. •osords to its depositors every aocommoda- DOB Moslstsnt with sound banking. Sella Home and For- *Bt*tfs and exchange. W. L. COUBIBTIOH Pren. B. B. COBUBH, CsshMr A.GENBBAL BANKING BUSINKW Laodf Bought and Bold, . Titles Examined and Abstracts Furnished. nrm iramrr, CABBOLL, IOWA. . SEBASTIAN WALZ SB4DMMCU Boots and Shoes. I MM •»•*•«• fuu «M LADIES' AND CENTS' SHOES WiQtwTrtae. Tkss* <MM» and rerr aursbl * ipeolaltr, IH. M-» * Voirth. OABBOLL, U KANNE & ZERWAS, MEAT MARKET Brazil and Portugal by reason of the escape of i he insurgent admiral Da Gama and his followers the friendly offices of our representatives to those countries were exerted for the protection of the subjects of either within the territory of the other. Although the government of Brazil was duly notified that the commercial arrangement existing between the United States and that country based on the third section of the tariff act of 1890, was abrogated on August 88,1894, by the taking effect of the tariff law now in force, that government subsequently notified us of Its intention to terminate such arrangement on the first, day of January, 1695, in the exercise of the right reserved in the agreement between the two countries. I invite attention to the correspondence between the secretary of state and the Brazilian minister on this subject. Tue commission organized under the convention whicn we hod entered into .With Chile for the settlement of the outstanding claims of each government against the other, adjourned at the end of the period stipulated for its continuance, leaving undetermined a number of American cases which bad been duly presented. These claims are not barred and negotiations are in progress for their submission to a tribunal. The 17th ot March last the new treaty with China in further regulation was signed at Washington and on August 18, it received the sanction of the senate. Ratification on the part of China and formal exchange are awaited to give effect to this mutually beneficial convention. ChliMM-JapaiMM Imbroglio. Gratifying recognition of the uniform impartiality of this country towofd all foreign states was manifested by the coincident request of the Japanese and Chinese government* that the agents of the United States should within proper limit afford protection to the subject* of the other during the suspension of diplomatic relations due to a atate of war. This delicate office was accepted and a misapprehension which gave rise to the belief that in af- fQrdlngJbhl*__kindlx_unomclal protection our agents wouia exercise tbe same authority which tbe withdrawn agents of the belligerent* had exercised wasTprompt- ly corrected. Although tbe war between China and Japan endangers no policy of the United States it deserves our graven! oonsideration, by reason of its disturbance of our growing commerce interest* in the two countries and the increased dangers which niay result to our citizens domiciled or sojourning in the interior of China. Acting under a stipulation in our treaty with Corea (the Brut concluded with a western power) I felt constrained at 'tue beginning of the controversy to tender our good offices to induce an amicable arrangement of the initial difficulty growing out of tbe Japanese demand* for administrative reforms inCoreu, but tho unhappy precipitation of actual hostilities defeated this kindly purpose. Deploring the destructive war between tbe two most powerful ot the eastern nation* and anxious that our commercial interevt iu those countries may bo preserved and thftt the safety of our citizens there «ball not be jeopardised,! would not besltute to heed any Intimation that our friendly aid for tbe honorable termination of no»tilltles would bo acceptable to both belligerent*. A convention has been'nnally concluded for tbe settlement by arbitration of tbe prolonged dispute with Ecuador growing CtlRStdn of the questions raised by (the German protests. Republic «f BawwK Since communicating the- vwhmwlnoTia correspondence in regard to Hawaii and the action taken by the- senatc-and house of representatives on certain questions submitted to the jod'qment amd wider discretion ot congress, the orgfttttitatlon of a government in place 1 of the provisional arrangement which followed the deposition of the queen has- been announced with evidence of Its effective operation. The recognition usual in guch oases has been accorded the new government. Under the present treaties of extratlt- tton with Italy miscarriages of justice have occurred owing to-the refusal of that government to sttrsnnder its own subjects. Thus far our efforts-, to negotiate an amended Convention obviating thia difficulty have been unavailing. Apart from the war in which the; hi and empire is engaged Japan attracts increasing attention in this country by her evident desire to cultivate more liberal intercourse with us and: to seek our kindly aid in furtherance of her. laudable desire for complete autonomy in her domestic affairs and full equality in the family of nations. The Japanese empire of today is no longer the Japan of the past;, and our relations with tiiis progressive nation should not be less broad and liberal than those with other powers. Good will fostered by many Interests in common has marked our relations with our nearest southern neighbors Peace being restored along her northern frontier, Mexico has asked the punishment of the late disturbers of .her tranquility. There ought to be a new treaty of commerce and navigation with that country to take the place of the one which 1 terminated 18 years ago. The friendliness of the intercourse between the two countries is attested by the faot that during this long period the commerce of each has steadily increased under the rule of mutual consideration, being neither stimulated by conventional arrangements nor retarded- by jealoun rivalries or selfish distrust. • Th* Blnafleld* Incident. Prominent among the questions of the year was the Bluefields incident in what is known as the Mosquito Indian strip, bordering on the Atlantic ocean and within the jurisdiction of Nicaragua. By the treaty of 1800 between Great Britain and Nicaragua, the former government expressly recognioed the sovereignty of the latter over the Mosquito Indians, to be exercised according to their custom for themselves and other dwellers within its limits. The so-called native government, which grew to be largely made up of aliens, for many years disputed the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the strip and claimed the right to maintain therein a practically independent municipal government. Early in the past year efforts of Nicaragua to maintain sovereignty over the Mosquito territory led to serious disturbances, culminating in the suppression of the native government and the attempted substitution o£ un impracticable composite administration, in which Nicaraguan and alien residents were to participate. Failure was followed by an insurrection, which for a time subverted Nicaragua rule, expelling her officers and restoring the old organization. This in turn cave place to the existing local government, established and upheld by Nicaragua. Although the alien interests arrayed against Nicaragua in these transactions have been largely American, and the commerce of that region lor some time has been and still is chiefly controlled by our citizens, we can not for that reason challenge the rightful sovereignty of Nicaragua over this important part of her domain, For some months, one, and during pare of £he time, two of our naval ships have been' stationed at Blueflelds for the protection of all legitimate interests of our citizens, In t-fepteinber last the government at Managua. expelled from its territory twelve or more foreigners, including two Americans, for alleged participation in the seditious or revolutionary movements against the republic at Bluenelds already mentioned; but through the earnest remonstrance of this attained' to dftect h'9 release,, for M» reMontnat attonip* 19 murd** was not on* of the crimes' ehitrged against him antftrpon which Ste snt render w» the Sal- vadorean aut,horlttts>haU been demanded. In my last annual memiage I. adverted to thydaim on the part AI Turkey of the right tb>«x0el, as persons v.ndeslraHe and datigeton*, Armenians-naturalired In the UnitediStates and ro«ttrnin.H to Tbrkish Jurisdiction. Numernin nt*?st!ons in this relation hare arisen. Wfiito this government acquiesces in the-assented right of expulsionf. it would nof- conaf nt that Armenians way be imprisoned fir otherwise punished for no other reason ti'iatt having acquired without imperial'consent; American citizenship. Three of the assailants of Miss Melton, an American teacher In Mosul, hav« been convictftd by the Ottoman courts^-and I am adrtsed that a«a,aj* peal against the acquittal of the remains Ing five has- 1 teen taken %-the Turkish prosecuting officer. A convention has been aoncluded with Venezuela for the arbitration of a long- disputed olnim, growing out of the seizure of certain vessels, the proparty of citizens of the United States. In my last annual message I'referred briefly to the unsatisfactory state of affairs in Samoa under the 1 operation of the Berlin treaty as signally illustrating the impolicy of entangling alliances with foreign powers,.and on Mfay9v 1891, in response to a resolution of the-senate 1 sent a special message and documents to that body on the same subject which emphasized my previously expressedLopiims. Later occurrences, the correspondence in regard to which will be- laid before congress, further demonstrate that the government wiiich was devised by the three powers and forced upon the Samoans against their inveterate hostility can be maintained only, by continued presence of foreign military force and at no small sacrifice of life-and treasure. The suppression of the Matafa Insurrection by the-powers and the- conssf'-ient banishment of the deader and eleven other chiefs as recited in my last message, did not bring lasting peace to the islands. Formidable uprisings continued and finally a rebel lion broke out in the capital island, Upolttl, headed by Anna, in the western district by the younger Tamasese and in Atua, the eastern district by other leaders. The Insurgents ravaged the country and fought the government's troops up to the very doors of Apia. The king again appealed to the powers for help and the combined British and German naval forces reduced the Atuans to apparent subjection, not, however, without considerable loss to the natives. A few days, later Tamases and her adherents fearing the ships and the'marines, professed submission. Reports received from our agents at Apia do* not justify the belief that the. peace thus brought about will be of long duration. It is their. conviction that the natives are afrheart hostile to the present government; that such of them as profess loyalty to It do so from fear of the powers, and that it would speedily go to pieces if the warships were withdrawn. Tho present government has utterly failed to correct, if indeed it has not aggravated the very evils it was intended to correct. It has not stimulated our commerce with the islands. Our participation In its establishment against the wishes of the natives was in plain defiance of the conservative teachings and warnings of the wise and patriotic men who laid the foundations ot our free institutions, and I invite an expression of the judgment of congress on the propriety of steps being taken by the government looking to the withdrawal from its engagements with the other powers on some reasonable terms not prejudicial to any of our existing rights. TREABCBY DKPABTMENT. Secretary Carlisle'* Balance Sheet. The secretary of treasury reports thai the receipts of the government from all sources of revenue during the fiscal year ending June 80.18W, amounting to $373,808,498.39, and its expenditures to W43,- 605 758.87, having a deficit of $69,803,360.58, There .was a decreasu.of. »15,!)53,67i.0§ in the ordinary expenses of the government, o/ln rt«l : Bttlllon, nmotintKH ot o,..., ,, fold and 1034,8^,75? Wftt Mirer, national bankt w«w brganimd flaring the .year ending Oct. 81.1804, with ft •apftal of $9.988,000, and T& with a cap}. Ml of $ia£78,000, went in toltlHtitty liquidation. Twenty-one banks, with a eapl- Ital of $2,770,000 were placed in the hands of receiver*. The total number of national banks in existence on the 81st day of October last was 8.766, being 40 lew than on the 81st day of October, 1893. Tbe capital stock t>sfd in was $672,071,«86, being 19,098,491 less than at the same time In the previous year, and the surplus fond and undivided profits less expense* and taxes »atd atoottnted to $384,121,082, which was (16,989,780 less than on Oct. 81, 1893, The circulation was-decreased $1,741,503. The obligations of the banks to each other were increased $117,208,884, and the individual deposits were $277,294,489 less than at the corresponding date' in the previous year, and check:* and other cash itertas were $90,849,903 mole. The total resoums of the banks at the date mentioned amounted to $3,473,922,065 as againit tB.109j508.284 in 189%. WAR DEPARTMENT. Concrntrntlon at the Army. from the report of the secretary of war ftruppears that the strength of the army on Sept. 30.1894, was 2.135 officers and 25,- 70fr enlisted men. Although this is apparently a very slight decreaae compared vifeli the previous year, the actual effective orne has been increased'to the equivalent of nearly two regiments- through the reorganization of the system of recruiting and) the consequent release- to regimental duty of the large force of men hitherto serving at the recruiting-depots. The abolition of these depots, it Is predicted, will, furthermore, effect an annual reduction approximating $360,000- in the direct ex- lenditnres, besides promoting generally ,he health, morals and discipline of the >roops,. The- execution of the policy of concentrating the army at important centers of population and transportation, foreshadowed in the last a&uual report of the secretary, has resulted In the abandonment of 15 of the smaller posts, which was effected under a plan which assembles organizations of the- same regiments litherto widely separated. Tills renders our small forces more-readily effective for any service which they may be called upon to perform, increases the extent of the territory under protection without diminishing the security heretofore afforded to any locality, improves the discipline, training and esprit de corps of the army, besides considerably decreasing tbe cost of its maintenance. Though the forces of the department of the east have been somewhat increased, more than three-fourths' of the army is still stationed west of the Mississippi. This carefully matured policy which secures the best and greatest service in in the interest ot the general welfare from the small force comprising our regular armv should not be thoughtlessly embarrassed by creation of new and uneces- sary posts through acts of congress to gratify the ambitions or Interests of localities. , While the maximum legal strength of the army is 25,000 men the effective strength, through various causes, is but little over 20,000 men. The purpose of congress does not, therefore, seem to he fully attained by the existing condition. While • no considerable Inin the army is in my t demanded by j-eocnt events the'poiicy prosecutio.-— fly engaged for some years has BO far developed as to suggest that the effective strength of the army be now.made at least to the legal strength.. Measures taken by the department during the year as indicated have already considerably crease t-j t i :• -1V' fVj»«» pltHnpt CftttsM- •i , A* Mibjclf and fttlljr Indorse ji- v.avv.i of the ijogttBhster general, ' .Thetotal'number of jjostoflkMs tutli* Fniten" States on June fK\,M&W, tfft* OtUMB, nu Increase of 1,403 or** the preceding year; Of these 8,428 were presidential, an Increase in that class of Wovw the preceding yeaft The report shows molt gKttlfjrtntf »* suits in the way of economics worked out withotttr affectfatt thp efficiency of th* postal service. These consist ta'the'abro* gatlon ot steamship subsidy eontiraotsY re' letting of mail trausportattott contract*' and in the cost and amount of supplies) nsed In the-service, amounting- in- all to DEPARTMENT OF Union VMIfle The report of the attorney general/ now* the gratifying.' progress made by tbir stt* nreme court in overcoming the arrears of its business and its reaching a condition. in which it will bo able to dispose Of case* m they arise Without an; unreasonable- delay. A subject of pressing moment referred to by the attorney general is the reorgani- sation of the Unfon- Pacific Railroad com* pocy on a bagis cpuitable as regards air private interests and as favorable to the; government «» existing conditions willl permit. The operation of a railroad by *> court through a receiver is an anomalous- state of things which should be terminated, on all grounds, public and private, at- t*e earliest possible moment. Besides, not to enact the needed enabling legisUv (Ion at the present session postpones the whole matter until the assembling of a new congress and inevitably .increases all therooinplicatlons of the situation, and could not but be regarded as a signal failure to* solve a problem* which has practically been before the present congress ever since its organization. MATT DEPARTMENT. New Bnttleriilp* Attention is called ten the report ottb* secretary of the navy, which shows very gratifying progress in the- construction of Ships for our new navy* All the vessels aow building, including the three torpedo boats authorized at the last session of congress, and excepting the first-class battU- ship Iowa, will be computed during UM coming fiscal year. The estimates for the' increase of th» navy for the year ending June 80, 1896, are large, but theyiucluile practically .th« entire sum necessary to- complete and equip all the new ships not, now in commission, so that unless new ships are authorized the appropriations for the naval service forthe fiscal year ending June 80, 1897, should fall balow the 'orttimates lor the coming year by at least $12,000,000. INTBBIOK r>ICf AHTMENT. Public LHB<|». The public land disposed of during th« year amounted to 10,408,100.77 acres, including 88,870.05 of Indian Janus. It is estimated that the public- domain still remaining amounts to a little more than 600,000.000 ucres, including, however, about 880,00,000 acres in Alaska an well aa military reservations and railroad and other sections of lauds yet uunHjudlcated. The total cash receipts IVoai sales of lands amounted to $3,074,BS5.7«, including $91,981 .03 received Tor Indian 'lands. Thirty-five thousand patents were issued for agricultural lands and 8,100 putunta werelssued to Indians on allotments of their landahi saveralty, the laud so al- loted being inalentable by Indian allot- tees for a period of 85 years after patent. I fully indorse the recommendations of the secretary that adequate protection bo provided for our forest reserves and that a comprehensive forestry system be inaugurated. , , The suggestion that a change be made in the manner of securing surveys of the public lands is especially worthy of con- | I am satisfied that these sur- jrub,0a»«, Poultri.rte. AIL OBOIB8 i«« WQMPTI. DUIVBUfc Conor tib and Adam* itrotU, Carroll. !*• THE OLD RELIABL* PIONEER" MEAT MAKKH1 N, MIMA, out of" tho proceodiuBS against Kinllio Bantos, a naturalized oTtiiceu of the United States, Our relations with the republic of France continue to Be such as should exist between nation* so long bound together by friendly sympathy and similarity in weir form of government. The recent cruel awMssiuutiou of the president of thin vuttvr republic culled forth vuob universal expression* of sorrow and condoleuce from our people and our government a* to leave no duubt ot the davllt and sincerity of our attachment. Tho resolutions pawwd by tliu *«uute and IIOIUMJ uf representatives on toe occuHlou have been communicated to the widow of President Owuot. ticruiHuy'i Caul* fruhll>l»lo». Acting upon 'he reported disco very of Tuxus fover iu uuruouH of American cattle, the (H'rmuu prohibition agajuvt Im- uoi'WitlouB of livti utook uud fi'<t«b uienW from thin country bar. beeu revived, Jt U lioiietl that Gvnuauy will noon become convinced tbut> tlio iuhlbitiou iu a* uoed- )fs«u»itjHhttriHl'ul to mutual lutwosU. Tuo Gurmuu govtniwwut lmn oxcvpted auuiuut thut proviulou of thu custom* tariff uot wlitcU IIUJIOBUB u UiBcriiuluutiuB duty of ouu-t«utU of w)ut t\ pound ou »u«Ri'» ooiuitig fruiu couiitrlDM vuviug au thwtx)i». cluliuluu tliut tbe " lu government the Americans have been permitted to return to the peaceful management ot^ their business. Our naval commandersVt the scene of these disturbances, by their constant exhibition of firmness and good judgment, contributed largely to the prevention of more serious consequences and to the restoration of quiet and order. I regret that in the uldst of these occurrences there happened a most grave and irritating failure of Nicaraguan' justice. An American citizen named Wilson, residing at Kama, in the Mosquito territory, was murdered by one Arguello, the acting governor of tbe town. After some delay the murderer was arrested, but so insecurely confined or guarded that he escaped, aud, notwithstanding our repeated demands. It is claimed that his rocanture has been impossible by reason of his flight beyond Nicaraguan jurisdiction. __ The Nicaraguan authorities having given notice of forfeiture of the concession to the caqsjl company ou grounds purely technical and not embraced in the contract have seceded from that position. Peru, I regret to say, shows symptoms of domestic disturbance, due probably to the slowness of her recuperation from the distresses of the war of 1881. Weakened in resources, her difficulties in facing international obligations invite our kindly sympathy and justify our forbearance in pressing long (lending claims. I have f«lt constrained to testify thU sympathy in connection with certain demands urgently preferred by other powers. Tho recent death ot the czar of Russia called forth appropriate expressions of sorrow and sympathy ou the part of our government with kia bereaved family aud As a further demonstration of regpedt •ad friendship our minister lit St. Petersburg wa» directed to represent our government at the I uuerul ceremonies. The •eating iutereats of Uuiuda in Ueriug HUU are second only to our own, A modus vi- vendi was, therefore, concluded with tbe imperial government rmtrlotlve of poach- OH tlio liuwiau rookerlcn aud of atuliiitf iu waters which are uot comprehended iu tbe protected area defined in the Purls •ward. But few oinuutot interference with naturalised ottiKeu* returning to Hutwla lutve beeu reported during the current year. One, Klminluski, was arrested lost Summer in a Polish province on n reported charge of unperuiltted renunciation of liiutsian allegiance, but it transpired ^ the proceedings originate! In inalfwuwuce committed by while au imperial officer a number uf years ago. Effort* for hiiNltM*, which proiulwd to be succetwf ul, wen iu prog- r«*i WH( , n n U death WUH reported. QmMM *, *,p^s^ aw^^^^v ..I. J. //L, I I ' . ,.. I Mr euuutiou of faoli duty " lu oouTrttvo of urtiulw 6 aud 9 of tUe treaty of with l*ru»»ii*. in tu« ItiUrvwUi of tlio cuui- u.'urcu uf both w>untrU» uud tu avoid uvun tho ttoou»at}oM of treaty violation, J n;cu uiuoud we r*n>uul 6( *Q uiuoU of the sUiutu us Imi-ottvi* tUnt duty uud I Invite Th* government ot Salvador having been overthrown ty, au .ftV'"** P outbreak, certain of lu mlllUry an , clvl , odloer* while hotly pursued by iofuriuted tf(ti« *9"t{ W (Mjuge, oa board ..the a 8J*t« tifarvhju DuuutngtQU, tbi-n lying In South Awerluuu yorU. Altliouuu the practice of tuylum Is not fayured b/ this goverumeat, yet in viow of tbo imminent uerll wilieb ibreitU'ued the fugltive>> as compared with the fiscal year 1893. There was collected from customs $181,818,630.03, and from Internal revenue $147,108,449.70. The balance of the Income for the year, amounting to $93,815,517.97, was derived from the sales of lands aud other sources. The value of onr total dutiable imports amounted to $375,199,030, being $140,057, : 025 less than during the preceding year, and tbe importations free of duty amounted to $879.795,586, being $01,748,075 less than during the preceding year. The receipts from customs were $73,538.480.11 less and from internal revenue $18,830,539,97 less than 1893. The total tax collected from distilled spirits was $85,250.250.25; on manufactured tobacco, $8,017,898.02, and on fermented liquors, $31,414,788.04. Our exports of merchandise, domestic and foreign, amounted during tbe year to $89-3,140,572. being an increase over the preceding year of $44,495,378. The total amount of gold exported during the fiscal year was- $70.898,001, as against $108,080,444 during tbe fiscal year 18B3, The amount imported was $72,449,119, as against $21,174,881 during the previous y«»r. The imports of silver were $18,280,552, and the export* jvero $50,451,205. The total bounty paid upon tbe production of sugar In tbe United Status for the fiscal year was $12,100,208,89, being an Increase of $3,786,078,01 over the payment* made during tbe preceding year. Tbe amount ot bounty paid from July 1,1804, to Aug. 28,1894, the time when further payment* ceased by operation ot law, was 1900,185.84, The total expenses incurred iu the payment of^the bounty upon sugar during tbo fiscal year wan $180,140.85. It Is estimated that upou the basis of our present revenue laws tbe receipt* of the government during the current fUoal year ending June 00. 1895, will be $434,437,748.44, and it* expenditures, t444,427,- 748144. resulting iu a deficit of $20,000,000. On Nov. 1,1894, the total stock of money of all kinds iu the country wwi $3,240,778.888. a* against $3,904.051.000 ou Nov. I, 1898, and the money ot all kinds in circulation or uot included iu tliu trvuHury holdings wait $1,072.093,433, or $4U7 per capita, upou au estimated population ot 68,867,001). At tbe aaine time there wan held in tho treasury gold bullion innouutr lug to $44,015,177.66; aud (diver bullion which was purchased at u (tout of $127,779,1)88. The purchase of silver bullion under the act ot July 14,1890, cuuited on Nov. 1, 1893, and up U> that Unta there hud been purcba*ed during thu fuoul year $11,917,- &M.78 line ounce* at a cost of $8.715,531.89, au average uo*t of t0.7ttllt per Hue ounce. The total amount of silver imrohaued from the time tbat law took etfoot until the repual of iu purchase elttiiBB ou tbe date last mentioned was 1(18,074,083.08 line ounce* wblcli coat $156,081,003.M6, tho average price per fine ounce being *0.0tt44 on thu total amount ufaUudura silver dollars coined at thu mints of the United State* iriuoo the pun- WIKO of the act of Vebruury 28, 1889, 1* of wiiii'h W7B, 100,7(18 were augmented tbe effective force and the seo-i public lani retary of war presents a plan which I re-1 slderation. ; commend to the consideration of congress yey* should be made by a corps ol corn- to attain the desired end. Economies ef- petent surveyors under the immediate footed in the department in other lines ••••-• of work will off-set to a great extent the expenditure involved in the proposition submitted. control and direction of the commissioner of the general land office. The total amount expended for pension* daring the year was *189,80i,461.Q5, leav Amonn other things this contemplates ing an unexpended balance from the sum the adoption of the 8-battallon formation appropriated ot $35,305,712.05. The sum of regiments, which, for several years, has deoestiary to meet pension ex™"""*"— tt - •• •• *..-.— -« - j or t ne year ending June 80,1 mated at $140,000,000. been indorsed by the secretaries of war and the generals commanding the army. Compacfin itself j it provides a skeleton organization, r«ady to be filled out in th« event of war, wUica U peculiarly adapted to our strength und requirements; and the fact that every other nation, with a single exception, bus adopted this formation to meet the c0ndltlonn of modern warfare, should ulouu suoure for the recommendation an early consideration. It is hardly ueci'tiHiiry to recall the fuat tu:.'. in obedience to tliu communrla ol tho constitution and tho law, and .for the ' ditur 96, iaestt- AOBICCLTPUAt, !>E1'ABTMKMT. Oar Forelgu Market*. The secretary of agriculture in his N. . port reviews the operations of his department for the last fi-ical year, and > makes recommendations for the further extension of its usefulness. He reports a saving in expei 11 ** 1 "^ during the year of i.OOO, which is covered back into the — — This sum is S3 per cent of tb* BtltUvlon ttuu fcuo ii*w, i»«u i«* »•»". i frvviMury. *«»» BWW *ww r~» , . I j Z^ purpose of protecting the property of entire appropriation. A special study no* the united States, aldin* the process of' been made of the demand for American federal courts uud removing lawless ob- farm product* in all foreign markets, «o- struotlous to tue uurformuuce by tiia tfov- i poolally Qreat Britain. .That country re- ernment of its )B«itiiimte fuuctioiiK, it be- ! celved from the United States during thj» came necessary iu various localitiou aur- i nine month* ending September 80,1WL inu tbe year to employ a couBiam*I/Ui p«, 805,910 live beef cattle valved at fSOfw,' tion of the regular troops. The duty was j 000 a* against 182,011 cattle vRluea at discharged promptly, courtaon»iy P-H* '$16,024,000 during same period for 1898. with marked dlscrutiou by the o/Ilccraaud There was a falling ott in Aui*rioa«j men and the most gratifjing proot w«s | wheat export* of 18,5)0.000 bushels, aM thus afforded that the army denom-d timt i the seoretary IB inclined to behove that complete confidence in its eOlcluucy au. . wheat may not, In the future, bo th« dUcipllne which tlie country hnsut till .taple export cereal product of our COWB- tlmes niaulfo^ted. The yeur bus been free tr y ; but that corn will continue to ao> from dlHturbances of Indians and th, vance In importance a A au ejyiort^njjo. chance* of further depredation* ou tholr part are ooustuutlv becoming wore remote and improbable, :• The total expenditure* for the war de- nurtmont for the year ending Juno IK), m ; amounted to' $50,089,009.^. Of this •urn $3,000,014.99 was for »ularles and con- tlngont expunges. $38,005,150,10 for the support of . military establlshuteut* $50.001,083.88 tor mlBcellaneou* ob- jecto and $25,871,055.09. for public work*. Tbl* latter sum includes $10,404,087.49 for river and harbor improvements uud £l,04r,e03.50 for fortlfluatlous and other work* of detente. Tbe appro count of the new use* to which it stantly being appropriated. Tho exports of agricultural prodnotsj from thetJnlted States for the flaoal ending June UO. 1894, amounted to 863,088, being TO.88 per cent of Awerlo export* ot every description, x and tb«| Jutted Kingdom of Grout Britain U more than 64 per OMit of all farm produ ludlng foreign market*. prlatlous for tlio current year ;ut« nent uerll wilieb breitU'ued the fugtive>> and apUly from couniduruttouf of liumau- tty they were afforded *helter by our ooutiuauder, and wljeu »f»erwunlu idea under our treaty of extradltiuu Salvador for trial ougkiugwt of uiur- irsou aud robbery I directed thitt ,,.« uatliuate subiulttud by tliu HBcn-tary of wur for tlio next llaoul yuur call (or appropriation* amounting to 153 818.039.55. 'l ( lio total enrollment of tbe militia of tlio buvurul sttttoB U) 117,638 offlcors und enlisted mou, itu increase ot 5,»«i over the number reported at tue oloae of (h« previous year, _______ PODTAL PKPANIM«NT. Uspwrt Hbowi t »tacitHDjr. report ol the i»o»tuiiMttor general .__— t ieuslveii The prewuu a ooiuiirebeiiilve utotoiuvut of tb« onurutlons of tbe poatoffloe department for tbe last fUoul year. Tue receipt* of the duimrtmuut durlug tUe year amounted to $76,080,479.04 uud ut« oxuwudituroa to (84,831,414.16. The nu*tiaa«t«r general state* that this doUtneuoy i* unaeoewary aud mluUt he obvlutud al ouoo if t«« law regu- ItttUtK rates upuu uiall wfttter of tUe «eo- uttnutUm to i-ott iw renurt * >J%*1 *••*»"»- vr^-wr -^ t T^T""!! i j'» •uvu of tbeut a* liad nut voluntarily frit the *biu be oouveyttd to one of our uvurwt port* whuro a hearing ixiuld be hud before a judlohU uttiw iu ooiupllauw vyith tuetaruivof tbu treaty. Oil tbelr arrival «t P»u Vrauouwo aucli a prow,udl4« w/r promptly iuHtlluted bofpru W« Unite.i Btato* district judge, who held that tin- avw oouiUtuJ'Ui.kt luo alleged cffenw* w«r< pollUcul, aud dhicuarged all tu Sxceut ott* OleufiWf<M, who W4* '' i wuratij 1 . "" voiiiwl uudor th« provUluus o( that not. Hj8.6!il,ua under tliu pfuvitiiuuB uf thv uot of July 14, 1890, and W,078,4T3 undur tltu u»t ufuvitliuif lor ouluituu of tradv-tlcillur bulllun. TUt! uoluu«e of a.11 uiotuli* uf our . . miutH ilurin* thu lant ducal yi'nr ooiiblbtuil uf 03.485,^ \>iwo» vuluud at iKW,B10,7UO.WI ' lor tif wiiich thuruworo$99,47t,OlU.bO lu « uoluuil, *70B In stuudiud silver dollurn. $a),fW,J40.8!>iu Hubslijliiry Mvvt uolu uud *T10,Ul» 3C iu minor ooiu. l>ui'luK tho oalt'uitiir yenr IfiUS Hit' uro- iluotlou uf uruttluu* uu'tiU» lu the Uuitud HluU-» wau unUmut-tul tit l,?yi»,U*J line i>l golil, of tliu uouinifrolul ttnd vuluo of W5,V65,000, and (W.OOO.OUO UiinouuoB*of ullvurot ttic bulllun uruur market vuluo of i4U,tiOO,UUO uud xif the voiuugo viilui-in'#T?,u7t).000. lti»»*Uu thut uu thy Jut any uf J uly, ItKll, thy. i>( uietailks wuwy lu U« fJnittid 8' (ind"'ola«ii wa» inbdjUed, The rate ueivod for the traUNUilasion of thu uiuiui matteV • U 1 cent per pound, wlttU the oont of niuiu trunvuilHtlou to tue gov wniment Is «ilgh( Umoa that amount. Iu the general tortu* of tue law thi« rate n» iio\v«pupur« and pBrlodtoal*. Th tou*tou« of tbw uieumug. of the Utriu* tluiw to tlutv uuvo udmitteU to tlio ilege* lutomlud tor ln«ltlinate nawnp auu iiuriud^ulu u tmrprUlug raug« oc imb- HcaUauH uu'-l uivutod ttbmtw, tbo uo»t of which anuictiit In tuu u total dolloknioy of tuu u uiont. The noKtmiuter guueral |irudioU tliut ir tho luw bo wi uuieudoU K« bi er.uilc UD thu«t) i*bubu» uot "uly vttl Wi" uo»u>!ll;!o di-partmeut show (ftflclonpy, tfu lluvoa tluit lu tbo uoar futuro all aud uvgreuato to thu ti uojitoiHc* depart lUvuugU h* u«riodlcul ».« H-auHiu tma P)bnurih«r« The tariff act pajwwl at the laitscMlo* ot flougre** »«*a» important amendment.^ t it Ulo bo executed elleotlvely ana wlw • certainty. In addition to such n»o«*BUf amendments as will not cnauge ratal of duty, I am *tlu very dooldudly Tu favor at lUttlug coal aud iron upon the free list, io far a* tbo tmgar vubedulo i* concerned, [ would beglaif, uudor exMlng oggrav«( lion*, to *ee every particle of dl dutyiu favor of rettuod HUgar out of our tariff law. If, with. vur now accorded the * U RW II ^ .. , terout lu our tariff law*, U »MII laugUi to the extent of closing reUuerlw thouvandii o( dliiolmrgod would 19 jirentfiit a uopelwu ouable )egi*)atlv0 aid, Uurlug (be last uuiuth the gold lu tbe treasury for tlio purooie p( ing tlie notes of tuo uoveruiuent i ing a* money in thu humUofthi became no rertuoed, and lw t unhj tlon lu the near future «o«u»6d!iio that in tue 0x«r<tl*o of proper «WW I public welfuro ItbuoafUB pleuUr tbo fu*ervo and thu* uouulao faltti In thu ability aud nation of thu govormuout to uxrwd, (ta poouulary olilli would liave buw wall ft lu tUu n tbo authority had exlutod to baud* of tlio govtfruiitenfc lug a low rate of luturejl inSturing wlthhi a short but lite oaugr<*H* Uuvlitu fatlod to «uuU authority, town wait i had to tue re»umi»Uou act of jiurtiuunt to IU i)i'ovuluu« 1 Iwtuud drawlug iutero«l ut tlio itnunui und i tlu'lr iwuo, tli —.« uuthorlned by .. •4 could be wor«« or in «vu<ilu]u Unauuo th»u .^..,^ .Jvtuu U4wiwu'tU« pu govvvutnvuv uiui in*m>d, Uiv li» r^eiuptlon,. aad tfca. tot yearn u

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