Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on November 24, 1970 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

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Carroll, Iowa
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Tuesday, November 24, 1970
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Page 3
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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Tueidpy, November 24, 1970 Two Space Roads There is a sort of hare and tortoise air, just now, about the lunar race. In an important sense, the rac» was won when the United States landed men on the surface of the moon. In another sense, perhaps equally important in the long run, the Soviet Union has surged back from defeat and scored great triumphs with its unmanned lunar missions. Only a short time ago the USSR's Luna 16 performed the remarkable feat of landing on the moon, scooping up material from the surface, and returning to Earth — all by remote control. Now the Russians have topped themselves by deploying an eight-wheeled vehicle on the moon, guided by engineers back on the home planet. It would be folly — and small-minded at that — to minimize achievements of this magnitude. It would be provincial to suggest that, after all, setting clever machines to work scarcely compares with the glory of having astronauts gambol on the moon and fly the Stars and Stripes in its airless environment for all the world to see. For one might cogently argue that what the Russians are up to is the real pattern of future space exploration. In our judgment, contention as to the relative merits of the U.S. and Soviet approach is fruitless. Both the manned and unmanned approach will be used in years to come. When circumstances dictate, men will go to do what men can do better than any machine — look about, perceive, make judgments. At other times, unmanned equipment fitted out with sophisticated instruments will be employed. One conclusion is hard to escape: The time is coming when the United States and the Soviet Union, instead of continuing to work independently and often with costly duplication of effort, will begin to cooperate and even collaborate in space. Perhaps the day is not far off when the fruits of the Apollo and Luna missions — one manned, the other wholly mechanical — will be combined to project man's presence into the endless void of space. Only 75 Million The Census Bureau has issued a preliminary report suggesting that United States population growth by the year 2000 may be "only" 75 million. That would bring us to 280 million instead of the 300 million predicted by President Nixon in his presidential message to Congress in the summer of 1969. This tentative look 30 years ahead has prompted some sniggering about those who have worried out loud about the problem of excessive population in this country. The implication now is that such prophets of doom were all wet. On the contrary, the prospect of a slower population gain than had been anticipated does not make for any basic change; the change is only one of degree. To understand this, we have only to consider the difficulties of providing a good life for everyone in a population of 205 million and then think about dealing with another 75 million. Problems of traffic congestion, ecological decay, accessibility of recreational areas, speedy justice in an overburdened court system, and so on and on — all will be heightened as our population expands. There is another aspect of the matter: Americans consume far more than other people, and thus have a greater impact on resources and other aspects of our environment. The point was cogently made in a recent New York Times piece by Paul R. Ehrlich, author of "The Population Bomb." He put it this way: "Each American has roughly 50 times the negative impact on the earth's life- support system as the average citizen of India. Therefore, in terms of eco-system destruction, adding 75 million more Americans will be the equivalent of adding 3.7 billion Indians to the world population ..." All this leads to a simple but far from heartening conclusion. Whether seen in national or worldwide terms, the prospect of "even" another 75 million Americans 30 years hence is a chilling one. One Last Smoke A newspaper in a Southwestern state published a grimly instructive picture the other day. It showed the outline left by a man's body on the fire-blackened floor of his bedroom. The man had died struggling to escape the flames. The blackened area in the room was centered on the victim's bed. The speculation of fire and police officials wrote his epitaph, one that fits all too many: He died of smoking in bed. The sequence of events in such cases generally follows a familiar pattern. A man enjoys one last smoke of the evening and drops off to sleep with the cigaret in his hand on the covers. The embers burn down through to the mattress, perhaps not even breaking into flame but filling the room with noxious smoke. The smoker may die of suffocation from the smoke or, aroused by fire, struggle toward the door. He may make it, gasping his way to open air and a further lease on life. If luck is not with him he may, instead, wind up sprawled in the doorway, his body preserving a grisly shape on the fire-blackened floor. The Arms Limitations Talks Continue Dear Abby Ending the Christmas Gift Trade List Washington Notebook Ideas for a Freer Soviet — —— |5y Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NEA) - What kind 6f a man, then, is Andrey Dimitrievich Sakharov, apparent leader of the group of conservative, first- rank physical scientists now questioning publicly some of the major practices of the Soviet government? And what does he want? Among some, he is known as father of the Soviet H-bomb. He became a member of the prestigious USSR Academy of Science at the age of 32. He is now 49. In scientific circles he is regarded as one of the great scientists of our day and, in Russia, only, a notch below the famed Kapitza. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin and the Stalin Prize. He is a member of the Soviet elite and a successful, moderate man. He considers himself a dedicated socialist. He is a gradualist. From a study of his individual writings and letters he has prepared jointly with others, his principal aim can be expressed as follows: Greater freedom of information, of creativity and of discussion within the Soviet Union. He wants public discussion of public issues, first on a limited scale within selected circles, and gradually discussion involving the whole population. He fears the long-range effects of a system of decision-making within Russia in which only a select few have the power to decide, plus the power to keep their actions from public view. He believes that incompetent censorship kills the living soul of Soviet literature and social thought, giving rise to stagnation, monotony and a complete absence of any fresh ideas. Indeed, Sak- Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other then February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAHER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under "the act of March 2, 1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $15.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year .....$18.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $22.00 The Carroll Daily Times Herald is an ABC Daily Newspaper. The number of subscribers, recorded daily on permanent records and verified by the nationally recognized Audit Bureau of Circulations guarantees advertisers the paid circulation figures of the Carroll Daily Times Herald are accurate. Only an ABC newspaper can give assurance its stated circulation is accurate. harov says, deep thoughts can appear only in discussion, with the presence of opposition. But, he says, truthful information about "our" shortcomings and negative phenomena is kept secret lest it be used by "hostile propaganda." Exchange of information with foreign countries is restricted out of fear of "penetration by hostile ideology." Theoretical conceptions and practical proposals which may seem to be too bold to some are suppressed immediately without any discussion because of fear that they may "undermine the foundations." There is obvious distrust of active persons who think critically and creatively. Sakharov also wants: An end to the jamming of foreign broadcasts. Free sale of foreign books and periodicals. Unrestricted international correspondence. Independence of the nation's courts from the executive. Amnesty for political prisons. Compulsory publication of complete stenographic records of political trials. Free elections, with several c a n d i- dates for each office. A multiparty system in which the Communist party would vie with competing political groups. Restoration of the rights of all nationalities forcibly resettled under Stalin. Elimination of the nationality designation in Soviet identity cards. Expansion of the rights and responsibilities of the Soviet Union's Supreme Soviet (Parliament) which is now largely regarded in the West as a rubberstamp body. Greater independence for Soviet scroolteachers. The right of teachers to experiment in their teaching methods. A wide program of assistance to the poorer areas of the world under the leadership of the United States, the USSR and other developed countries financed by a 20 per cent tax on national income. This 20 per cent tax, Sakharov believes, would automatically make it necessary for the United States and the Soviet Union to cut back on arms spending. Agreement between the two to stop exporting military and military-economic forms of revolution and counter-revolution. International co-operation in fighting pollution. It is known that Sakharov and his colleagues believe that these ideas are shared "to greater or lesser extent" by a considerable portion of the Soviet intelligentsia, the advanced part of the working class and numbers of students and working youth. But no man here is going to predict that something will come from these appeals. Quick Quiz Q — What type of cheese is Burmeister? A — Burmeister is a trade name for a soft, ripened, brick-type cheese made in Wisconsin. Q — Which of the four Evangelists was a physician? A — According to tradition, Luke the "beloved physician" mentioned by Saint Paul. Q — What is the maximum weight for bowling balls? A — Balls used in leagues must weigh from 10 to 16 pounds. By Abigail Van Bur en Abby Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Can you tell me how to go about putting a stop to exchanging Christmas gifts with people we hardly ever see? I don't mean relatives. I mean out- of-towners who used to be neighbors, and who had children who were friendly with our children (all grown now) and folks we are no longer close to. Shopping, wrapping and mailing Christmas presents has gotten to be a real chore, and I am not as young as I used to be. I would just as soon get off a lot of people's lists and take them off mine, and if the truth were known, I'm sure they feel the same way about it, but don't know how to get off mine. So how do I get off this merry-go-round, Abby? I would just, as soon send Christmas cards to a couple of dozen people who are still on my Christmas gift list. Thanks from . . . CHICAGO, ILLINOIS DEAR CHICAGO: Around Thanksgiving time write a nice note to those folks you'd like to take off the "gift list" and put on the "card list" — and tell them you are "thankful" for friends with whom you can be perfectly frank. Tell them that this year along with trimming your Christmas tree you are trimming your "gift" list and are sending cards instead. And unless they are dense and insensitive they'll appreciate your sensible and practical attitude and will reciprocate accordingly. DEAR ABBY: My father chews tobacco and makes it a habit to spit in the kitchen sink where I wash the dishes. I know it's not sanitary and sometimes I fuss at him and tell him so. Then my mother gets mad at me and blesses me out. Is there some help for my problem? ONLY A CHILD DEAR ONLY: Even though your father needs to be told, it's extremely diffi­ cult for a child to tell him. You don't say how old you are, but if he continues that disgusting habit much longer, save up for a spittoon to wash the dishes in. DEAR ABBY: I work in an office with several men and women. Whenever a certain man in the office gets near me, my foot starts tapping. This doesn't happen with any of the other men. It is very embarrassing as I was not aware of this until this man asked me why I always tapped my foot whenever he gets near me. Even now, being aware of it, I find myself doing it, unconsciously. This man is very good looking and has a charming manner, and all the girls in the office light up when they see him coming, but I am the only one who does any tapping. What is the matter with me? TOE TAPPER DEAR TAPPER: "Toe-tapping" implies "impatience." What are you waiting for? DEAR ABBY: Please tell Michigan Mother to speak only for herself. I have 14 children. The youngest is seven months and the oldest is 18. If the good Lord sends me more, I will gladly accept them. He never gives us a heavier load then we can carry. MISSISSIPPI MOTHER DEAR ABBY: I agree with Michigan Mother. Raising children is a thankless job. If my children had asked to be born, knowing what I know today, I would have answered, "NO!" "HAD IT" IN SEATTLE DEAR ABBY: To the 13-year old girt who has a collection of dolls, and whose father objects to her keeping them, I would like to venture my opinion after 30 some years of marriage to a 58-year- old woman who still loves dolls. I don't know whether she "plays" with _ them, but I know she combs their hair occasionally because I notice once in a while their hairdo is changed. Based on my experience, I would say that a girl who loves dolls will make .a- darned good mother. ED IN CHICOPPEE, MASS.' DEAR ABBY: What's wrong with m husband who will not wait to walk across the street with his wife and family? He will use any pretext in order to dash' across the street ahead of me. (I am ; considered attractive.) Our sons, now in their teens, have never seen their father escort me across ,. the street. And when they were small, I was left to manage the children and parcels by myself. I have told him how I feel about this • Abby, but he considers it unimportant. I am concerned about the example being set for our sons. Am I being overly sensitive? CANADIAN. DEAR CANADIAN: No. It's the "little ^ things" that make the "big" difference. Your husband is obviously very impatient, inconsiderate and downright mean if he is aware of how you feel about this and makes no effort to change. If he is merely thoughtless and preoccupied, gently "remind" him. Polly's Pointers Way to Remove Stains - — By Polly Cramer Barbs Our perpetually broke office Romeo is turning into a loan wolf. Word association: If you can instantly connect "all-y, all-y, in-free" with a certain game, your gray beard is showing, Pops. Proud parent down the street is showing his kid's report card to one and all to prove that the old man still knows his algebra, chemistry and social sciences. If the company ballpoints get any worse we're going to buy our own — which is probably just what the purchasing agent has in mind. DEAR POLLY — Abby can remove stains from her redwood picnic table by mixing one cup trisodium phosphate and four ounces of oxalic acid (poison) crystals in a gallon of warm water. Apply this solution to the table with a stiff brush not wire), allow to dry, rinse with clear water and again allow to dry. A water repellent may be applied after the cleaning, or to obscure future discoloration a deck or furniture stain may be applied. —L. M. C. Ill, Promotion Dept., Calif. Redwood Assn. Thank you so much. We do like to have an authoritative answer straight from the "horse's mouth." —POLLY Polly Cramer POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY - I would like to know how to remove green floral clay from sterling or silver-plated pieces. I have used it to attach "oasis" to a bowl and now cannot get rid of it. Help, please! —MRS. T. B. DEAR POLLY — I hit upon the following Pointer quite by accident. My adjustable ironing board was near the table when I needed a support for my bonnet-type hair dryer. I tried using the ironing board and found it works better than any previously used support. I can adjust both the dryer and the board to a comfortable height and sit at a table to read or write letters as my hair dries. This can be adjusted for drying children's hair. —MRS. J. N. LaR. Your Health System is Remarkable By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. It is surprising how many people think they must have one "satisfactory" bowel movement a day. This simply is not so. If the diet contains very little bulk, this isn't necessary. A bowel movement is stimulated by pressure in the rectum. The stool is propelled to the rectum by rhythmic contractions of the colon. The distention initiates the reflex re- Dr. L. E. Lamb s P° ns ^ e * or ™ e sensa " tion of the call to stool. If the sensation is ignored the reflex stops acting. A larger volume and more distention of the rectum is then required to initiate the call to stool. The stretched, insensitive rectum then responds irregularly to large, often hard stools that are passed with pain and difficulty. In extreme cases a large, often dry stool builds up in the rectum and causes "impaction of the bowels." This condition has to be relieved by the physician manually breaking up the impaction and removing the stool. Of course, local disorders, such as severe hemorrhoids, can contribute to the problem, but more often than not the hemorrhoids are a result of poor bowel habits. The call to stool reflex is often initiated by a complex mechanism caused by the stomach being distended with food or fluid. This is why many people have a bowel movement shortly after breakfast. Whether a stool is hard or soft is usually related to how fast it is moved through the colon. The leftover bulk after digestion in the small intestine is expelled into the colon in the right lower region of the abdomen. The material is then in a semi-liquid state. It is propelled around the horseshoe-shaped colon to the left side and to the rectum by the rhythmic contractions of the colon. On the way, water is extracted from the stool until it is converted to its formed shape. If the colon is contracted or in spasm, small "pencil-like" stools are formed. A tumor in the right side of the colon increases the speed of moving the stool. Since the stool in the right colon is liquid it does not cause bowl obstruction but causes diarrhea. A tumor in the lower colon or rectum can causa obstruction. Any recent unexplained change in bowel habit that is persistent should require a complete examination, since this is one sign of a tumor. Many tumors of the colon can be cured if treated early. The frequency and size of the bowel movements are related to what a person eats, how much they eat, their physical activity, habits and emotional patterns. Dear Dr. Lamb — I have had constipation trouble for many years. Now I take a cup of lukewarm buttermilk the first thing in the morning and about an hour before breakfast. It works like a laxative. Is there any harm in taking a cup of buttermilk every morning if it relieves constipation? Dear Reader — No. Buttermilk will not hurt you. It is a lot better than taking a lot of harmful laxatives and becoming a victim of the laxative habit. DEAR POLLY - I do not mind shoveling snow too much if it is not tap heavy but I always had trouble keeping my fingers warm until I tried wearing my quilted oven mitts for this task. The result is warm and cozy hands. Hope you can pass this along. Do keep up tB| good work as you are such a help. -MRS. E. A. M. DEAR POLLY — I bought one of those cheap plastic raincoats (about one dollar) to put on when I shampoo my hair. By wearing it I do not have tan=* change my dress as it does not get wetf^ This makes a messy job so easy. —MRS. D. P. You will receive a dollar if Polly uses your favorite homemaking idea, Polly's Problem or solution to a problem. Write Polly in care of this newspaper. "Find out it there's something they know that we don't knowl" i 4 i

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