The Weather Fair, cold tonight. Low 25-30. Fair and cold tomorrow. [High, 47; low, 29; noon, 35. River, 3.66 feet. Relative humidity, 56 per cent. FINAL VOL. XXXXVI.—NO. 335 fttu Stniei—AP Winphoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1955 International N«wj Strvict 20 Paget 6 CENTS Deer Likes To Go Shopping, Too t •Sandy, six-month-old deer, gets plenty of attention when his mistress, Mrs. C. E. Miller, takes him in town while shopping at Oakdale, Cal. She has had deer since he was found five months ago along a road near her trailer home. He responds to his name when called, she says. (AP Photolax) Court Will Hear Governor Hits School's Head In Bowl Battle High Immunity Law Plea First Test Of Protection In Security Cases Brought By Ex-Air Force Officer WASHINGTON—Wi—The Supreme' Court hears arguments today on the constitutionality of a law .aimed at compelling witnesses to testify in national security cases under a grant of immunity from prosecution, 'i This first challenge to the validity of the 1954 immunity law was raised by William Ludwig Ullman a former- Air Force major and one time Treasury employe who ha figured in congressional investiga tions of alleged Communist sp; activity in the government. Ullman, .47, was- convicted of con tempt pf- :jcotir£ 'and; -given - a. .six he twice had refused'to testify' be fore " a New; York federal gram jury. U.-' S. Dist. Judge 'Edwan Weinfeld had granted him irnmu nity from prosecution in connec tion with anything he might tell the grand jury, which was- looking into, wartime espionage in Wash" ington. Ullman appealed and in Apri the U. S. Court of Appeals in Nev York unanimously upheld the con stitutionality of the immunity law The court also affirmed Ullman's jail sentence, but he has remained free in $5,000 bond pending the out come of his appeal to the Supreme Court. • The immunity law applies to wit nesses before grand juries, the courts and congressional commit tees. It provides that when a witness is reluctant to testify for fear of self-incrimination he may be directed to speak with assurance-'he would be immune from prosecution as a result of anything he might say. Continued refusal to testify then is grounds under the law for contempt proceedings. , In refusing to answer questions before the grand jury, Ullman contended the government was invoking the immunity law as a device to entrap him into a perjury charge. FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover testified at a Senate investigation that Ullman photographed secret documents at the Pentagon for .Soviei agents. In other congressional hearings, Elizabeth Bentley, a former "Communist courier, named Ullman as part of a'Soviet spy ring. Buster Kealon Listed In Critical Condition HOLLYWOOD (X) - Buster Keaton, 60', the comedian with the deadpan expression, lay in-critical condition today in a veterans' hospital, suffering from a gastrointestinal ailment. He has been hospitalized since 'last Saturday. A hospital official said a hemorrhage, had been ' stopped but Keaton has been in a coma part of the time. British Admit Reds' Right In Canal Traf fie — Great Britain 'has conceded the right,of the East German Communist government to control the inland waterways which help feed Berlin, it was disclosed today. _AmericarL and French headquar ters here withheld immediate com ment on 'the stand taken by th British Foreign Office in th mounting East German drive t win recognition of its "sovereign y." Though the British acceded to Russian move turning canal trai Tc permits and general control over to the East Germans, the For ign Office emphasized that vould continue to hold the Soviet responsible should something g wrong. The West German federal gov irnment took a grave view of th ituation in which one-third of iso ated West Berlin's supplies couli )e subject to Communist whim. Chancellor Konrad Adenauer': •ninislers for foreign affairs, traf ic, economics and German reuni ication will hold an emergency meeting in Bonn tomorrow. Soviet Chiefs Hit By Dulles WASHINGTON Ml — Secretary o: tate Dulles today sharply assailec oviet leaders for what he termec tirring up an atmosphere.of hatrec nd prejudice against the West on heir visit to Asia. Dulles told a news conference lat remarks by Soviet Premier ulganin and party chief Nikita Khrushchev appeared to be a move o encourage use of force by India gainst the Portuguese colony oj Such remarks by Soviet leaders, /ho are now in Burma, show no reat desire to lower tensions with ie West, he said. Dulles added that to this extent ie anti-Western criticisms have amaged what survives of the riendlier East - West relations rowing out of last July's summit leeting. Five Teenagers Facing Trial In Akron Matron Strangling AKRON, Ohio HI—Over the objections of a weeping step-mother, Juvenile Court Judge Russell W. Thomas yesterday bound five teen age girls to the grand jury in the strangulation of a matron at the Summit County Detention Home, The woman was the stepmother of 15-year-old Mirl Cain, one of the five girls charged with first-degree murder by Prosecutor Alva J. Russell. Court attaches said Judge Thomas had her removed from his court a/ter she became hysterical. Sending the case to the grand jury means the girls will be tried ai adults and could be sentenced to death if convicted unless a Jury recommends mercy. ' Judge Thomas' alternative was to hear the case in Juvenile Court, which can try only a general delinquency charge. The girls overpowered Mrs. Eula Bonham, 59, last Nov. 27, bound her and stuffed an ammonia- soaked rag in her mouth in an escape from the detention home. Three of the girls later surrendered and two were captured. One of the defendants, Shirley Shinglcr, 14, is the youngest person ever bound to a grand jury for murder in Ohiq, Prosecutor Russell said.' The other defendants arc Ruth Bcichlcr, 17, Marcarct Nicholson, 15, and Mrs. Zelda De Cost, 16. Griffin Says Tech President At Fault For Accepting Bid ATLANTA Wl— The governor o Georgia and the president o leprgia Tech were at odds todaj after a decision by Georgia's Boan of Regents to permit Tech to plaj Pittsburgh in the Sugar Bowl. Pitt has a Negro player on its squad. The office of Gov. Marvin Grif 'in charged President Blake Van Leer of -Tech failed,, to consult the governor, .ibefore. Su'gar^pwl , B.en Wiggins,. executive secretary to Griffin, also said the governor 'elt Van Leer failed "properly" to landle students who staged a ribi early Saturday in protest againsl be Asks Voice 'Speak Out' ore.-'.uicepting the iaSfb'c-SJatu- ; 2. ; Griffin's request that Tech pulled from the Sugar Bowl. Van Leer replied that 'he hac informed Griffin Nov. 26 that Tech intended to accept a Sugar Bow! invitation if it was pffered.'- He declared the governor said that was "fine." Concerning the student demonstration, Van Leer said: "I suppose I get paid for being the goat on things like that." The Tech president promised to investigate the demonstration and expressed "deep regret" at the action of Tech students who participated. The verbal tiff came only a few hours after the Board of Regents yesterday rejected the governor's request to remove Tech from the Sugar Bowl on the racial issue. The board at the same time set up a racial policy for athletic teams that are members of the university system of Georgia. GM Will Extend Sales Agr o ments WASHINGTON (/0 - President Barlow H. Curtice announced today that General Motors is immediately extending its sales agree- I ar tin Funeral Set Langer Asks Dixon-Yates Quiz Pushed Wants To Know If Backers Of Project Aided Ike Campaign WASHINGTON MV-Sen. Langer R-ND) said today he will press his emand for a public investigation o show whether backers of the .ow-repudialed Dixon-Yates con- ract contributed to President-Ek enhower's 1952 campaign fund. In a surprise move yesterday .anger demanded that a Senate ^ntimonopoly subcommittee on •hich he serves subpoena Postmaster General Summerfield, who Republican national chairman 1952; Sherman Adams, top Vhite House aide; Stephen A. Mit- tiell, the 1952 Democratic national fiairman, and others. "Criminal Side" Probed His request was in. the form of handful .of resolutions filed with ie subcommittee at a-public'hear- ng. It is investigating what Chairman Kefauver (D-Tenn) termed a criminal side" of the contract egotiations. Kefauver said Langer's resolu- ons might- be considered by the ree-member subcommittee today ut probably any decision would have to be passed on by the full Antimonopoly subcommittee. He said that Dec. 16 had been tentatively set for a resumption of his group's public hearings. At issue is a contract negotiated at Eisenhower's orders and under Ike Top Aides Arrive For ISudyet Talks • •• ILi Secretary of Defense. Charles Wilson, left, and Admiral Arthur Radford, right, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, pose this morning outside President Eisenhower's office .in Gettysburg before beginning talks with Budget Secretary Rowland Hughes. In center is ,W. J. MacNeil, assistant to Wilson. Photohx) which .a utility firm headed by Edgar H. Dixon and Eugene A. Yates would have sold electric power to the Atomic Energy Commission for the Tennessee Valley Authority to : replace TVA Current consumed at atomic' installations. - . Huge ConfracHCaricellcii" The 107-million-dollar contract between AEC and the Dixon-Yates group was cancelled after the city of Memphis, .Tenn., one of TVA's jig customers, announced it would uild its own power plant. Then last month the AEC repudiated the contract entirely on a £gal opinion that "there is a substantial question as lo whether there were material violations of aw and public, policy." Eisenhower, Aides Confer GETTYSBURG, Pa. I/P)'- President Eisenhower met with top mili- ary and financial advisers today or just about final decisions on next year's defense budget. Secretary of Defense Wilson and Judget Director Rowland Hughes lew here from Washington. They were accompanied by Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of he Joint Chiefs of Staff, and W. J. VlcNeil, Pentagon comptroller. Wilson indicated the 1956-57 de- Suspect Held In Slaying Of Chicago Boys Nabbed On Auto Law Cliargc, Young Man Quizzed In Killings PONTIAC, ; Midiv-yp)'—Authorities today .question: a ;23-ycar-old Michi gan man arrested on a traffic viola tion charge in connection with the October slaying of three Chicagi boys.. f Police Chief James Parker o nearby Holly, who arrested him and two state police detectives saic there was no evidence tn link Owen Robert Moser of Fenton, Mich, with the slaying. Moser is held in Oakland County Jail on a charge of possessing an unregistered firearm. Parker saic he found the gun in Moscr's car when he arrested him on the traf fie charge Saturday. Parker said Chicago police were "mistaken" in reporting he hac fold them statement Moser had signed J admitting the tripli slaying and added, "I don't know where they got that idea." "Moser has admitted he was in :he Chicago area about the time the boys disappeared, and he has admitted picking up two or maybe three boys and taking them for a ride," Parker said. "We think he may know more than he's telling, but that's all he has told us." The three boys — Robert Peterson, J4, John Schuessler, Jr., 13, and his brother Anton.-11 — dis- ense budget is about in final shape appeared Oct. 16. • Their bodies )ut told newsmen whpn Ihpv ask-pri r 1 :_ _ i 1 told newsmen when they asked I this was the final meeting on ie subject: "I can't ever be sure of that." ments with its retail dealers from! one year to five. The president of the nation's argest. manufacturing corporation announced this major - policy change as a Senate Judiciary Antirust and Monopoly subcommittee resumed public hearings-on GM operations. The committee is mak- ng what it calls a case study of he huge industrial firm. Atllec Seen Quilling Friday In California BALTIMORE (#) - Funeral services for Glenn L. Martin, the aviation pioneer, today were set for 2 p.m. Friday at the First Presbyterian Church in Santa Ana Calif. The body will be flown to California Thursday morning on a commercial flight leaving Philadelphia at 12:15 a.m. (EST). were found in a forest preserve ditch Oct. 18. Strfitton Request For Quiz In Till Slaying Rejected .SPRINGFIELD. 111. WV-Federal authorities have turned down Gov. William G. Stratton's request for Rain, In Area Sunday BALTIMORE Ifl—Five-day fore cast: Considerable cloudiness Tue.. day, Wednesday and . Thursda with some snow western an northern portions of Maryland an rain or snow over the rest of th state on-Wednesday or Thursday •learing by Thursday night. Li :le change in temperature;, excop warmer on Thursday" and:*colde again : by Sunday. Some cloudines on 'Saturday land rain 'or srioW'"on Sunday. Temperatures will aver age near or slightly below normal United States Defense Units Join In Alert WASHINGTON Iffi - Flying unit scrambled aloft and civilian vol unteers sped to ground, observe josls last night in a surp.ri.se coast o-coast trial of U. S. and Canad an defenses against mass air at ack. " ' The alert was called off short y after 7 a.m. EST today, with no more advance word than was ;iven on the order to man intercep or planes and spotter posts. Thai ame well after nightfall in the ^ast last night. Air Force and Air National Juard officers were as secretive n the outcome of the exercise as icy had been nn its timing. The test, called "Operation rackerjack" w,as direcied by the Ur Defense Command, headquar- cred at Colorado Springs, Colo. That command simply gave out r ord that the exercise had been erminated at 7:06 a.m. EST. Notice that the "raiding" was ver came from the Strategic Air ommand whose big bombers provided the "enemy" force. There was no immediate list of argets nor estimate of the de- enders' degree of success in ward- ig off attack. LONDON (INS) - The London|Market Course Erratic Evening Star said today former 'rime Minister Clement Attlee was xpected to announce his resigna- ion from the Labor party leader- hip this week. NEW YORK (ff)—Prices struggled to get ahead today in early dealings in the stock market but without much luck. of the Emmetl Louis Till case in Mississippi. The Illinois governor yesterday [released a letter from Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell Jr., saying that no federal offense was involved in the case. Stratton said Brownell told him the only basis for federal jurisdiction would have been if state or local officers had been involved in the crime or if Till had been abducted and taken across state lines. Used Natural Uranium In Test Bomb N1IGATA, Japan (/n — A leading Japanese scientist said today he believes after analyzing fall-ou particles that the Soviet Union ex ploded a test bomb of natura uranium last month. The scientist Prof. Seitaro Koyama of Niigata University, said this is the mos powerful type of nuclear weapon yet devised. Eden, Ike Seei Airing Middle East Problems Western Relations With Russians Also Due For Review Sisenhowfer.',; and ?, British ."'P.rjrhe Minister Anthony -Eden undoubted y will give top priority to ar •anging better cooperation in thi criticial Middle East when the; meet here- Jan. .-30.; Western relations with .Russia ii .he wake of visits by top Russiai eaders to India, Burma and Af ghanistan, ancl'in advance of the! projected .visit to Britain nex spring, also are due Jor sweeping review. . But joint B r i I i s h-American moves to avert war between Israe and its Arab foes promised to ge primary attention. At present,. British-America policies, while both aimed at per suading Jews and Arabs lo settle heir dispute peacefully, are some iVhat conflicting. Eden, coming here at Eisenhow er's invitation, has offered to serve is mediator in the .Middle Eas [uarrel, calling on both sides to gree to permanent boundaries. He roposed that the 1947 United Na- ions partition plan be used as a tarting point for talks. Eisenhower and Secretary of tate Dulles have carefully voided endorsing the Eden plan, mainly because it has .aroused ngry opposition from Israel. In its war with the Arabs, Israel ized more territory than was warded to it under the U. .N. artition plan. British-Soviet Word Battle Bages *** *** *** *** Churchill Asks Visit Of Red 'Top Brass' Be Cancelled LONDON (/n — The • Brilish- lussian word war over speeches y Nikita S. Khruschchcv and oviet Pcrmier Nikolai Bulganin in ie Far East continued unabated oday. Pravda, former Prime Minister ir Winston Churchill, and British linister of State Anthony Nutting •ere the latest to sound off. Addressing a rally of Young 'onservatives at Woodford, Eng- and, his parliamentary constitucn- the 81-year-old Churchill said c thought the British government hould "seriously consider" cancel- ing the projected visit of Khruslv chev and Bulganin to Britain in April. He qualified this by saying Britafn should not "take any violently rapid decision" on the question. Referring to anti-British remarks by the two top Russian leaders, Churchill termed their current Asian tour an "exhibition — there is no other word." "It certainly has been a surprising spectacle and one which Her study carefully before they allow it, with suitable variants, to be repeated here," he said. Prime t Minister Eden extended an invitation to Khrushchev and Bulganin at the summit conference in Geneva last July. No specific dale has been set, Churchill cautioned his audience that the behavior of the Soviet leaders "must not lead us to suppose that Russian power and capacity are not growing,in many other directions." In their swing across India and Majesty's government will no doubljBurma, the Russian leaders have made numerous attacks on the British, who formerly ruled those two countries. On one occasion Khrushchev said the British sat "on the necks" of the Burmese before Burma got independence. On another occasion he said: "They (the British) made profits while you starved. As representa- tives'of a European nation, we are ashamed about what those other Europeans did before." In India, Khrushchev accused the British, French and Americans of unleashing the German attack on,Russia in World War H, , expedition Ship Makes First Port CHRISTCHURCH, New Zealand Pi—The icebreaker' Glacier, .lead hip of the U. S. Antarctica expe- tion, today reached its first port more than three weeks — with '2 men hungry for the sight of nything solid and motionless. They-can be expected to make the most of it, since this is their first landfall in more than 6,000 rough miles and will be the last point of civilization touched before they sail Saturday on the final leg of their voyage lo the bottom of the world. Views Aired At Sessions Of AFLCIO Secretary Declares Unions Have "Right" To Back Candidates , By NORMAN WALKER NEW YORK (#\— Secretary 'of Labor Mitchell said today organized labor has both a duty and responsibility to speak out with a 'loud and clear" voice in politics. Mitchell's remarks prepared'.for the convention of the merged AFL- CIO indicated, however,' that he expects labor-support to be given to Republican party policies rather than to those: of; Democrats. .'.•;-.' His speech, like one delivered by President Eisenhower yesterday to 'convention delegates via a long-distance hookup from Eisenhower's Gettysburg headquarters,, said labor unions have a right'to deal in political issues. , ' Answer GOP Fears :-' Eisenhower said that in such ex"- pression the rights of minorities in unions having "differing social, economic arid political views must be scrupulously protected and their views accurately reflected." ! ? The President; and -his labor Cabinet officer appeared to be answering, in part at least, the expressed fears of'some Republicans that unions are taking too active a political role. The speeches also signaled an administration effort lo vie actively with the Democrats for the labor vote in the 1956 campaign. ' •"';' Gov. Averell Harriman of New York, a potential candidate for the Democratic presidential nomina- ,ion next year, said in another speech prepared for the conven- ion today that "we need more, not ess, participation by working men and women in American political affairs."' i ; ' • •'•-. .... : Harrimari saw "a glorious opportunity" to increase national pro r ' duction by 50 per cent iff the next decade and thereby improve living conditions. But "to get this expansion, we. must have wise and progressive policies," he said. Says Labor Should Speak Out "It is up to labor to make its •oice heard to be sure we hav« hose policies," he added. Mitchell said AFL-CIO leaden lave denied they will "try to con- rol the votes of union members" nit will' keep members informed « political issues. Nobody, he aid, can object to that kind of ftlitical activity. He said he expects the 16-million- member labor federation to sup- lort Eisenhower administration abor policies. •I r lusband Admits atal Beating Of Wife Over Money CHICAGO Iffi - A wealthy Aus- ian importer admitted yester- ay, police said, fatally beating his ife- in their fashionable Lake lore Drive apartment during a uarrel over money. Marcus Kammermann, 6fi, was eld without charge after the ad- ission in German to Detective rank Bychowski. Kammermann's wife Malwina, >, died in American Hospital after olice broke down the door to their partment and found her crum- ed on the floor with Kammer- ann standing over her. Police ad been summoned by neighbors. te Honorary Member Of Civil Air Patrol WASHINGTON - President Eisenhower, first U.S. president to hold an airplane pilot's license, will be made an honorary life member today of the Civil Air Patrol, th.9 Air Force's civilian auxiliary. White Teacher Wants Negro Schools Admit His Children NASHVILLE, Tenn. //R — A white college professor and his wife have asked U. S. District Court to order two Negro public schools here to enroll their son and daughter as pupils. Robert W. Rcmpfer, an associate mathematics professor at prcdom nately Negro Fisk University, and lis wife filed an amendment yes erday to an integration suit be ore Federal Judge Elmer D. Da vis. The couple sought admission for heir son, Richard Fleming, to Washington Junior High and for heir daughter, Jean Trudy, to 'earl Eleineritary. . The amendment was to ti suit filed Sept. 2.1 by relatives of 21 Negro children, seeking admission for them to attend White Elementary, Junior and Senior High Schools. Defendants were listed as the City School Board and principals of the schools involved. They have until Dec. 19 to file answers to the amendment. : The amendment said. "The schools are readily accessible to and are used by Negro school children residing in the areas ... . but the facilities afforded by the schools are denied by the defendants to the infant plaintiffs . . . and other white children similarly situated ..."
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