f *^DQllUJournal Pa ' est ' n ' ans could be the key to a permanent I \ f EDITOR'S NOTE — One ol able niche for themselves in Uberation Organization—P- rillas go to Geneva the most The future of the Palestinians a peace OPINION PAGE SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1974 Ed t<xia!s »nl1«i by James y and Cnarl« Undwwood Editorial Comment Time for U.S. to talk 'turkey' with the Turks Turkey has had its problems of late with Greece and with the violence in Cyprus. Fortunately the United Nations has succeeded in bringing about a cessation in the hostilities and warded off the immediate possibility of widening the fighting between Turks and Greeks. But Turkey has also committed an unfriendly act towards the United States, and while it is not anything to war about, it is worth noting with more than a passing glance. Turkey has just lifted its ban on the cultivation of the opium poppy, which was imposed in 1971 in return for a U.S. pledge to provide $35.7 million in economic compensation. "Turkey's opium poppy produce," says the country's information minister, "will feed the pharmaceutical industry." Baloney. Can anybody believe that this Turkish produce, once the source of about 80 per cent of the illicit opium entering the U.S., won't also feed this deadly traffic again? American narcotics officials are understandably fearful that the old route from Turkey through the Levant and southern France to New York will be revived. "It seeped through in the past," says a New York police official, "and we have to assume it will do so again." It is, as Sen. James L. Buckley of New York says, "a grave and dangerous setback" in the fight against drug addiction. One measure of that setback is found in a report from Ankara by columnist Rowland Evans. "Some U.S. experts," he writes, "claim that elimination of the Turkish poppy is the main explanation of a dramatic 50 per cent decline in the number of U.S. heroin addicts to an estimated 250,000 today." The Turkish government, which bowed to pressure from farmers in lifting the poppy ban, is right when it says the United States cannot dictate Turkey's domestic economic policy. But that 1971 agreement was something Turkey signed of its own accord, and by now renouncing it unilaterally the government has raised questions about the value of any agreements it has with the United States. It's time Uncle Sam talked "turkey" with the Turks. Ihe keys to a permanent Middle East peace is (he (ate of Palestinians who fled their homeland during various IsraeliArab wars. Many of them live in refugee camps and provide the area's guerrilla leaders. Others have achieved prosperity and influence and have markedly different views on how the Palestinian question can be solved. Here is a report on the situation. By HOIXJER JENSEN Associated Press Writer BEIRUT (AP) - Palestinians who escaped the horror of refugee camps have taken a quiet back seat to the guerrilla leaders of today. But they are the statesmen of tomorrow. Affluent, well-educated, more familiar with the Byzantine maze of Middle East politics, they have suffered less under the Israelis and learned to survive in other parts of the Arab world. They share a common yearning with their millions of refugee cousins for a free and independent Palestine. But while the refugees have simply waited 26 years, Palestinian businessmen, doctors, lawyers, educators and civil servants have honed their professional skills and made adjustments. They have carved a comfort- trading centers, universities, offices and government ininls- tries stretching from Beirut to Kuwait. Their ideas on a permanent settlement with the Jews tend to be more realistic than idealistic. "We have to forget the past and start building again," says Hikmat Masri, the head of a large and powerful family in Israeli-held Nablus, "the guerrillas are just a passing phase." The Masri family owns soap and match factories, a trucking firm and a vegetable oil company. Hikmat is a former Jordanian government minister, his nephew Taher serves in King Hussein's present cabinet in Amman, his brother, Zafer, runs the Chamber of Commerce. Hikmat Masri says there can be peace in the Middle East if Israel withdraws from the west bank of Jordan and the Gaza .Strip which it captured in 1967. He envisions a five-year transition period of international supervision in these territories while the Palestinians hold elections and decide whether they want independent stale- hood or federation with Jordan. "We have a limited choice and we will have to accept an imposed solution," he says. "Right now the Palestine Organization—PLO—is the only structure available to represent us, but we have plenty of leaders to choose from when the time comes." Not so, says his American- educated nephew Taher, who administers the west bank in exile as Jordan's "minister of occupied territories." "We have no leaders, only followers. I have to accept Ya- sir Arafat because the PLO is all that's available. If the guer- important issues will be decided before we Palestinians can elect any other representatives." His reference to Geneva was to an upcoming conference of Arab and Israeli representatives to discuss ways of achieving a permanent peace in the Middle East. This was a condition of recent troop disengagement arrangement worked out with U.S. Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger. and the possibility oj an independent Palestinian state may be discussed at Geneva. The younger Masri agrees with his uncle that a truncated Palestinian state in the west bank and Gaza would not be economically, politically and militarily viable. Both feel there would have to be some form of federation with Jordan after an initial period of independence — "long enough to give the Palestinians an entity 'Merry-Go-Round« Nixon and Ford understanding? By Jack Anderson What others say WINDSOR STAR, WINDSOR, OHIO BEEFALOSTEAK WOULD COST MUCH LESS The problem of high meat costs, says an Edmonton surgeon and beef farmer, may be solved by an animal of combined Hereford, buffalo and Charolais ancestry. The beast matures in 12 months (18 months for cattle) is 20 percent protein (10-12 percent for cattle) and its fat content is seven per cent) (50 per cent for beef). The Edmonton man estimates the finished meat will cost consumers as much as 40 per cent less than they would pay for regular beef. There is, however, a dark side to this experiment. The hybrid animal, because of its ancestry, is known as a beefalo. And what's wrong with that, you ask? Well, can anyone imagine a songwriter sitting down to pen: "Oh give me a home where the beefalo roam...."? Or how about that all-star running back, O.J. Simpson of the Beefalo Bills? No. The government must act. A new name for this animal must be found. Investors postpone redemption plans By JOHN CUNNIFF AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Plagued for several years by economic uncertainty, a depressed stock market and a loss of investor confidence, the nation's mutual funds seem to have found al least one reason to cheer in June. Redemptions of shares in that month dropped to S275.6 million, the Investment Company Institute reported, the lowest figure since January 1971. It was almost enough to convince some funds that the turn had come. Then the analysts got to thinking, and they came up with this explanation: investors simply postponed their redemption plans because prices were too low. They didn't want to accept their losses. If that is so. it leaves the funds in a rather curious position. If prices remain low, then so will redemptions. But if the price of mutual fund shares rise, then redemptions might rise also. The goal of any mutual fund is to secure for its investors the highest return, but in doing so a fund conceivably could lose some of those investors. It's a symbol of the mixed up state of affairs in the financial world. distressed by Citicorp's move, claiming it would cause them to lose deposits. If they lost deposits, they argued, they would be even less able to fulfill their function of granting home mortgage loans. Which brings up the point: Since the main business of savings institutions is to accept depositors' money and lend it out to homebuyers at anywhere from 8.5 to about 9.5 per cent ihese days, how can they afford to pay 10 per cent to acquire money? No immediate explanation was forthcoming, but there was much speculation among moneymen that somebody must expect mortgage rates to rise too. WASHINGTON - Sources close to Vice President Gerald Ford say he has reached a private understanding with President Nixon. The Vice President, who is effective in the backrooms, has agreed to work quietly on Capitol Hill against impeachment. As one source put it, Ford "doesn't believe that the President is guiltless but only thai it hasn't reached an impeachable level." The President, in turn, has offered to help groom Ford as his successor. To help overcome Ford's weakness in foreign affairs, for example, the President will probably send him on a foreign tour after the November elections. The understanding between the nation's top two leaders, says one source, has developed from several informal conversations. Another source stressed that the understanding has been more tacit than explicit. "There is no quid pro quo," he said. "I don't think that is the way they do business." The idea of a vice presidential trip, for example, was discussed shortly after Ford's appointment. It has come up from time to time in their private conversations. Ford likely will visit the Soviet Union, Middle East, Wcslern Europe and Far Easl. He has already gone lo Communist China. Now he would like lo visit Taiwan and Japan. He is also eager to spend some time in Israel and Egypt. He has also talked lo the President about stopping at NATO headquarters. The Vice President doesn't want to take a whirlwind tour. He would like to slop in each country long enough lo learn something about it. Ford still tells friends that he isn't seeking the presidency. But he is not unaware that he now leads the polls as the favorite for the 1976 Republican presidential nomination. WATERGATE VICTIM: The Walergale steamroller has run over a veteran civil servant, Mike Acrce, who has been accus ed of helping President Nixon persecule his enemies through lax audits. The doughly Acree has served Ihe government faithfully for 37 years. He almost They'll Do It Every Time An unrelated but equally mystifying development concerns the decision by the New York Bank for Savings to publicly offer debt securities with a guaranteed interest rate of 10 per cent through May. The decision seemed to be in response to an offering of $650 in high interesl notes by Citicorp, the parent of First National City Bank, a commercial ;is opposed to savings bank. Tilt savings banks and .savings and loan associations were Kerne Of PERCUSSION INSTRUMENTS ANP HE'S AWFUL" died of a hearl ailment in 1970, but came back to win the National Civil Service League award for his courage and integrity. He moved up from the Internal Revenue Service in 1972 to become Customs chief. But today, he is hanging on to his job by frayed fingernails. Acree deserves to have his side of the story told. We have pieced it together from grand jury testimony, secret Senate transcripts and interviews with the principals, including some of Acree's past bosses. The grand jury testimony shows that Acree was summoned in 1971 to the White House annex by Jack Caulfield, the ex-detective who served as the White House liaison man with law agencies. It took two visits before Caulfield finally got around to asking Acree, then the IRS inspections chief, how to initiate tax audits. Acree explained tersely that the procedures were laid out in IRS rules and could not be abridged. Unfortunately for Acree, according to the testimony, Caulfield tried to pump up his own importance in memos he wrote to his White House superiors. These old memos, many of them false and misleading, made Acree appear like a White House patsy. Caulfield claimed, for instance, thai Acree agreed lo help wilh an audil of Newsday reporler Bob Greene who had dared to criticize presidential crony Bebe Rebozo. Under penalty of perjury, Acree contradicted the charge. Caulfield also said the Acree met with him and presidential secretary Rose Mary Woods' brother, Joe, at the Fairfax Country Club to talk about a private sleuthing agency with a "black bag" capacity. This could mean cash payoffs or Watergate-style break-ins. Acree acknowledged he had once talked to Caulfield tentatively about forming a legitimate detective agency but swore there had been no mention of "black bags." Caulfield leslified lhal Acree had showed him lax dala on the Rev. Billy Graham and actor John Wayne, both of whom had complained of IRS harassment. Caulfield said Acree also provided him wilh information on other actors for comparison. These statements, protested Acree. were false. He had not shown Caulfield the Graham and Wayne lax data, and another IRS official drew up Ihe comparisons of aclors' tax troubles strictly for internal IRS use. testified Acree. He asserted that the only- checks he ran for the White House were on individuals seeking clearance for appointments and, in one case, on a man who wanted to give a wine cellar to President Nixon's San Clemente home. To forestall embarrassing situations, checks on govern- menl appointees have been made by IRS for both Democratic and Republican presidents. Acree's defense, in fairness, should not be lost in the Watergate welter. Footnote: Caulfield told my associate Us Whitten that he had given his entire story to the grand jury and other official investigators, and that he had nothing more to add. "I told them the trulh," insisted Caulfield. l ...AND«N\0ER, IN AMERICA IT'S DAN^OUSTO Dear Minnie: Whew! I'm finally recovering but it's been slow going for me since Thursday. Krazee Day was Thursday, you know. And I did go a little bit crazy. The buying bug bit me. Or maybe I was touched by the heat. Anyway, I went downtown early Thursday morning with the intention of merely looking around. About mid-morning I bought an electric can opener, a box of Christmas cards, a couple extension cords, a tank top, and a pair of clogs. After that I was unstoppable. Before I knew it the trunk of the car was full and I had to pile stuff in the back seat. It was 2 p.m. before I came to my senses (and ran out of money and didn't dare write any more checks). Luckily 1 managed to unload my purchases while Ed was in the back yard. All my stuff is stashed away in the basement. I'll bring it out little by little, otherwise Ed might be shocked to see everything I bought. You see, he wouldn't understand why I need all those things (I'm not sure I know, either). Oh dear, I do love Krazee Day. I've been a fan from the very beginning — a 16-year veteran, you might say. I look forward to it each July. And so do thousands of others, judging from the crowds that pour into town every year. Hope the businessmen keep it going. Earlier I said Ed might be a bit shocked by the stuff 1 bought Thursday. Now don't get the idea that Ed isn't an understanding husband. He is. Actually we're both very understanding people. We try to get along. Sometimes we're so agreeable it makes me sick. Like yesterday afternoon. Ed stumbled into the house about 5 o'clock, collapsed in a chair, wiped his perspiring brow, and said, "What's for supper?" I shrugged my expressive shoulders (they're like Cher's) and replied, "Who knows? 1 haven't decided yet what culinary delicacy to tempt you with." ' Whereupon Ed suggested, "Why don't we go out and eat tonight?" I immediately agreed and asked, "Where?" "How about the Country Kitchen?" "Fine with me," I said. "Or maybe the Highway Host might be a thought too." "Good thinking," he said. "Or how about one of the drive- in places? We could sit in the car and eat something from A and W or the Big Burger." "Not too bad at all," I replied. "Dairyland and Hardees are good too." "Well, where shall we go?" he says, finally coming up with the reeeely big question. Being my usual affable self, I say, "I don't care. Where do you want to go?" "I don't care. How about you?" "I don't care. Of course there's the Pizza Hut or the Colonel's Kentucky Fried Chicken to consider." "I don't care," he says, being very original. By this time we're both sounding like a broken record stuck on 'I don't care.' So we're getting nowhere. The moment for decision-making is at hand and 1 take the bull by the horns (figuratively speaking) and say, "You decide. You suggested going out in the first place, so I'd like to do whatever your little heart desires." "You're a doll," he tells me, "but I'd feel better if we went wherever you want to go." "No, it's really up to you." "Oh, come on dear, you make the decision." Heavens to Betsy, we're back on the broken record again. At this point we're in real danger of the whole business turning into a first-class argument. And all because we're both trying to be such agreeable folks. Nope, it doesn't pay to be too nice. But I finally solved the problem. Before Ed could figure out a new tack to take on the eating-out issue, I had four hot dogs wrapped in bacon broiling in the oven and the iced tea on the table in front of him. After our modest repast in the kitchen, I said, "OK Ed, how about buying me a cone for dessert?" "Great idea." he said. "Haugcn's or the Dairy Queen?" "I don't care." As Ever, Sadie. Business News Supper club names Thorson head chef Robin L. Thorson recently was named head chef and assistant manager of the Stone Heart Supper Club on Rose Lake between Vergas and Frazee. A 1973 graduate of Pelican Rapids High School, he completed a course in restaurant management and food preparation at the Detroit Lakes Area Vocational Technical Institute in May. Owners of the supper club are Mary Ann Franklin and Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Frankberg. Larson completes banking seminar Duane F. Larson, vice president of Northwestern National Bank of Fergus Falls, has completed his second and final year of study at the Midwest Banking Institute and received his certificate of graduation July 26. Ke is among 200 bankers from five states who attended the institute at the University of Minnesota, Morris. Faculty members and seminar leaders included nationally prominent bankers and agricultural specialLts. \ Here's how they voted WASHINGTON (AP) — Here is how congressmen from Minnesota and the Dakotas voted Thursday on a 291-81 roll call by which the House passed a bill establishing environmental and reclamation standards for strip mining: Minnesota—Bergland, Blatnik, Karth, Quie and Zwach, yes. Fraser, Frenzel and Nelsen, no vote. North Dakota—Andrews, yes. South Dakota—Abdnor Denholm, yes. and make them feel they can negotiate with King Hussein as equals rather than subjects." Can Palestinian refugees be persuaded to give up their claims to land which became part of Israel in 1948? "If you make them hungry enough you can force them," said Taher Masri. "I^t us face it whatever the superpowers impose will be accepted by the Palestinians and Jordan. The United States can easily topple King Hussein if they want to form a Palestinian-Jordanian state. "Palestinians already own half of Amman. Why should we separate?" Zafer Mazri, the businessman, and his brother the Mayor Mazzoz, both noted that their company's profits are inexorably linked to trade with Jordan. "Our factories here are existing because we can sell our products in Jordan," said Zafer. "Israeli currency fluctuations have cut into our profits. They say I can sell in Israel but no Jew would buy my matches if he can get them from one of his own. "The Israelis have curbed investment in the west bank, they have refused to build roads and they have not even given us direct-dial telephones. I bank my money in Amman and I see my future in ties with the east bank." The Masri's power base in Nablus contrasts with that of Sheikh Jaffar al Jabiri in Hebron. He runs his city like a Chinese warlord, receiving supplicants in his mayor's office, settling local squabbles and trying to remain in good terms with Israeli occupation authorities without being branded a collaborator. He, too, desires a peace settlement that will allow him to remain in power, and thus indulges in what the militants call "gradualism." "If only those people would wait a little longer, they will find that the Arabs can face up to Israel," said Yussuf Sayegh, a professor of the American University of Beirut, "I want to dynamite the Geneva peace talks. "I do not envision anything except a military solution — not total defeat for Israel but enough to make them reassess the whole Palestinian question. We can do this with Arab support, but gradualism makes it more complicated, more costly." Sayegh was one of the few independent members of the PW executive committee before he resigned earlier this year, largely because his views were not shared by Arafat. He has been replaced on the committee by three' moderate west bankers, of whom the most prominent is Mohsen Abu Maizer. Often touted as the future "premier of Palestine," Abu Maizer was a west bank lawyer before his expulsion by Israeli authorities last December because of illegal underground political activity. He is a member of the Socialist Baath party and one of the founders of a clandestine Palestine National Front — PNF — which emerged in the occupied terri- x lories after the October war in 1973. Abu Maizer now lives in Damascus, Syria. He supports Arafat's desire to negotiate for Palestinian statehood, but he- feels that Palestinians should not be breaking down the doors to go to Geneva. "Let the world come to us with a solution," he said. "We are the ones who have been wronged. Everyone knows there can be po peace until we are satisfied, so air attendance at a peace conference is not important." Hadj Rashad Shawa, the de facto ruler of the Gaza Strip, points to Israel's paramilitary settlements in the occupied territories as a clear indication that Israel will not withdraw. "The real aim of the Israelis is to take over every inch of land here," he said. "Anything short of a real partition similar to 1947 will lead us to another war. I doubt that there will be peace for 150 years. "Giving us the west bank and Gaza would delay another war for 10 years at the most. The tide has changed in favor of the Arabs. It will take us two or three more generations to eliminate Israel and liberate Palestine, but eventually the Jews will have to assimilate. "They cannot set up a European state in an Arab societv." and FERGUS JOURNAL COMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Mgr. ^s JO^rna, Co Al 9U E OaT nq d ho- da>s Setond dasspos'a^e c = Oe'\ered fcv carr-er s? JO cer rro By r-.a n a-var^ r--ci SlQOC ir-.os $5 <;0 G'-f r Va-« l>r STv X fi ~.O'
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