The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 2, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Monday, January 2, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 238 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Dally Newt' Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAiS, MONDAY, JANUARY 2, 1956 TEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS George, Byrd To Head Tax Cut Showdown By JOE HALL WASHINGTON (AP) -— A battle between two Senate veterans — Southern Democrats George (Ga) and Byrd (Va) appeared today to be the probable highlight of a showt' fight in Congress over cutting individuals' income taxes, grams. Despite these developments, however, many members in both parties remain committed to a tax cut. Only One An Associated Press poll of the House Ways and Means Committee, which originates tax bills, has brought replies from about half the 25 members so far. Only one expressed flatly the view there would be no income tax reduction in 1956. The administration is all but certain to present early in the session See TAX on Page 5 Sen. Humphrey Predicts; Senate this session.' Some legislators preparing for the 1956 session opening at noon tomorrow were saying that the Senate may well be the principal arena for the tax battle, even though all tax bills must originate In the House. Aside from the positions of George and Byrd, there will be heavy - political overtones to the Issue in this presidential and congressional election year. Sharp fights pretty much along party lines are expected, too, on such issues as farm policy, federal aid for schools, highway construction and others. Routine Opening: Tomorrow's opening sessions of the House and Senate will be routine. In keeping with the traditional courtesy to the Chief Executive, neither will" transact anything but routine business until President Eisenhower sends his State of the .Union message to the Capitol Thursday. Since this is the second session of the Democratic-controlled 84th Congress, there will be no Senate or. House organizational changes. Strongly favoring an income tax cut this year is the 77,-year-old George, dean of the Senate and long chairman of its tax-writing Finance Committee. Byrd, who took over the finance group last year when George elected to become chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, has just as stoutly opposed such a reduction at a time when the federal budget is still in the red, although approaching balance. The two senators are personally friendly and are sure to remain so. But that wilj not prevent verbal slugfest, On the eve of the session, prospects of an early tax cut seem more dubious than'they did even a few weeks ago. To Omit Recommendations Eisenhower is understood to be omitting any recommendations for a cut in his State of the Union message, although a year ago he said he hoped for tax reductions in' 1956. The administration attitude is reported to be one" of sitting tight for the next few months, with close looks at economic conditions find the trend in federal spending through that period. Until recently, the feeling of most legislators was that- an income tax cut was inevitable in this election year. But a new go-slow attitude has developed among some of the leaders, who cite these .actors: 1. The resumption of cold war blasts from Russia, with new alarms in the Far East and serious difficulties in the Middle East and North Africa. 2. The likelihood that this Congress will act to increase federal spending for defense, highways,, _ ,. ... ,„„,-, school construction and hualth pro-1 ter than they were this -all,. C, c-dirl Foster Holds On, Awaiting Word of Court BULLETIN LITTLE ROCK — Arkansas Supreme Court today made permanent a writ of prohibition issued by Associate Justice. George Rose Smith Saturday. Smith's temporary writ, now a permanent one, removed Chancellor Lee Ward's jurisdiction involving Blytheville's mayor's office. Ward issued an order to prevent Mayor Toler Buchanan from taking office as scheduled on Jan. 1. Pending outcome of a Circuit Court election contest trial, Buchanan will serve as Blytheville's mayor. Former Mayor E. R. Jackson, Mayor Toler Buchanan and their attorneys argued a writ of prohibition before the Supreme Court today while in city hall two "police chiefs" were on duty. At press time, no decision had pointment before Supreme BUCHANAN SWORN IN—Toler Buchanan took the oath of office as Mayor of Blytheville in brief ceremonies conducted shortly after midnight Saturday by Municipal Judge J. Graham Sudbury '(right). Approximately 30 persons were on hand for the event in City Hall's municipal courtroom. (Courier News Photo) Farm Legislation To Be Hottest Issue WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) predicted today that a dispute over new legislation designed to bolster sagging farm income "will cause the hottest battle in the Humphrey, a member of the Agriculture Committee, opposes the flexible price support system strongly backed by President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson. He is one of a number of senators who have forecast a. tough fight, generally along party lines, over the question of how best to reverse the downward trend of agricultural prices and income. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, the Democratic leader, took a crack at Benson yesterday In telling reporters the Senate will be asked to act early this year-on -a cure for "three years of Bensoniz- ing the farmers." Terming the low level of farm income "the No. 1 trouble spot" in the'nation's economy, Johnson said: "Program A Failure" "It is generally admitted—even by some Republican leaders—that their program has been a failure and has got to be reworked . . . something has to be done early in the session." Eisenhower is planning to submit new farm legislative recommendations in a special message, perhaps later this month. Sen. Francis Case (R-SD) said in an interview that- unrest in the farm belt "could cause" the retention of Democratic control of Congress in the November elections, but that he does not think that will occur. Sees Better Conditions "I think conditions in November in farm areas will be much bet- lase Need Some He'o On Tax Forms? Taxpayers may get help in filling out various tax forms if they will report to the Internal Revenue Service offices in Blyth?ville tomorrow»between the hours of 8 a.m. and noon. Thereafter. Cecil L. Kelly of the office here stated, the off;:? will be open for such service on Monday mornings throughout the month of January during those hours. said. He and other interested Republicans, as well as some Democrats, have predicted that some sort of soil bank program will be enacted" this year. Benson has indicated support for Guch a program. The idea is to provide a special Treasury subsidy to farmers who take land out of crops now causing surpluses and plant grass or other fertility-building crops. To Build Air force i SEOUL UPi—U.S. Air Force Secretary Donald A. Quarles said 10- Again. Kelly said, the IRS will i day 'the United States is deter- emphasize its do-it-yourself pro- j mined to build up "our own and Ike In-Final Look At 'Union' Report By MARVIN L. ARROWSM1TH KEY WEST, Fla. (AP) — President Eisenhower booked a final conference on his State of the Union Message today and planned to take it easy the rest of this holiday. . A revised draft of the messagei—-—. going to Congress, Thursday was being flown from Washington. The document, outlining the administration's 1956 legislative program, includes changes Eisenhower made in it at a 45-minute work session here yesterday. Revision suggestions, made by aides in the capital caused the President to cancel plans to attend church services yesterday morning. He went to his temporary office instead. James C. Hagerty. White House Owens to Build New Drug Store North Blytheville Site of Structure Work is to begin within the next few days on the city's first drug store featuring drive-in prescription service. S. C. Owens, who now operates "\~L1- S2SE ^S^u^pT To* press secretary, declined to dis- that it was not a major revision. Back to Capital After the work session the Presi- construction of the building which will occupy a Sixth Street lot near the Rainwater-Workman Clinic. Of brick, steel and concrete con- dent sent the modified draft backj struction, the building will measure to Washington and asked to Juvef 30 by 80 feet. It will occupy a generally center area on an 114 by 160 a fresh copy flown to him today. Eisenhower will not read the feet lot and will be surrounded by State of the Union document in concrete parking area ' Congress, which reconvenes morrow. Clerks will do the reading. The President plans to remain in Key West, until about Sunday. Yesterday afternoon the President and Mrs. Eisenhower took a New Year's Day automobile ride about . 30 miles up the Florida Keys. With them was the First Lady's mother, Mrs. John S. Doud of Denver. t o j The structure will be air-condi- gram. meaning that the Internal Revenue Service men will assist, but won't actually fill out the form. Allied Air Forces in the Fax East by introducing modern weapons, including guided missiles." Negro Is Shot As He Chops Away at Door Held on a charge of assault with NEW COUNCILMAN — K. M. Ltrfcln, new com,dim an for Ward 1, is shown taking his oath of office today from Judge Graham Sudbury. Thre« other couDcilznen, due to be sworn in, did not appear. They were expected to take their oaths individually within the next few days. <C«rter New* Fhvto) tioned and will feature a motor de- Iix r ery service, designed especially to give quick service on prescriptions. prescriptions will be filled at the drive-in window while the customer waits in his car, Owens stated. Another feature of trie building, Owens said, will be a doctors lounge. The store will have fountain service, which will include the usual short-order lunches, and will carry a full line of drugs and related merchandise. Holiday Traffic J oil: 27 8 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation entered its final 24 hours of the New Year's weekend today with the highway traffic toll well below pre'holiday estimates and lagging far behind the record rate compiled during the historic "Black Christmas" weekend. The highway death rate, said safety experts, stayed below estimates for the first two days of the three-day weekend while also lag- g-ing behind the rate in which 609 persons were killed during the record Christmas weekend, the worst in the nation's history. With 14 hours of the 78 hour three day New Year's holiday remaining, Associated Press figures showed 218 traffic fatalities. For a comparable figure during the Christmas holiday the figure was 457. Despite the lagging death rate, the National Safety Council expressed concern. It said the traffic toll had begun to climb "at a /aster rate" late last night than figures for the first 48 hours of the 78-hour period had indicated. 50 Die In Fires Fires during the New Year's holiday claimed at least 50 lives with deaths from miscellaneous causes adding 39 to swell the overall violent death toll to 351. ' Pires during the New Year's holiday claimed at least 47 lives with deaths from miscellaneous causes adding 39 to swell the overall violent death toll to 341. "Hopes that it (the traffic toll) may fall at least 100 below our estimate of 420 traffic deaths rest now on a ressumption of the careful, sensible driving" that -was evidenced at the beginning of the holiday period, said Ned H. Dearborn, council president. The 78-hour holiday period extends from 6 p.m. (local time) See TRAFFIC on Page 5 been made by the high court on whether Buchanan would be allowed to take office. Actually, the new mayor was sworn shortly after 12:30 a.m. Sunday. Ceremonies were performed before some 30 persons in the courtroom at City Hall by Municipal Judge Graham Sudbury. Public Invited There was no secret about, the move, despite the early hour. Sudbury acted at Buchanan's request and expresed no sympathy toward either viewpoint of who is Blythe- yille's mayor.. The press and public were invited. Friday, Jackson and his attorneys obtained a restraining order from Chancery Court Judge Lee Ward, preventing Buchanan from taking office until Jackson's election con test in Circuit Court tried. Buchanan's lawyers immediately applied for and received an ap- Justice George Rose Smith. Court Municipal Court bailiff. Cordial Saturday morning they obtained from Smith .a temporary writ of prohibition excluding Chancery Court from jurisdiction in the matter. This cleared the way for Buchanan's swearing in early Sunday. Foster Is Staying After the ceremonies, Buchanan took his new police chief, Charlie Short, to the department headquarters in City Hall. He said he asked Chief John Poster to vacate the office, but Foster refused. Poster told the Courier News: "I'm not being relieved. I'm staying on duty until I hear from the (Supreme) Court." Buchanan said he told Short to remain nearby, but not to interfere with Foster. Today, both Short and Foster were at the police headquarters. Foster assumed his usual role of Short was directing poiics. activities in the squad room. Neither Foster nor Short sat in the chief's office and they. spot? cordially to each other. The new chief said he is listed on the municipal payroll and is being paid. Poster said, "I'll leave the office as soon as I get word from Little Rock and the sooner they decide, the better." Today, Buchanan and Jackson and their attorneys appeared before the high court to argue whether the temporary writ would become permanent. If made permanent, Buchanan may assume his mayoralty role without interference, pending the election contest in court. If the writ is not made permanent, the restraining order from Chancery Court, presumably would See FOSTER on Page 5 French Voters Flock to Polls To Elect National Assembly By CARL—HAKTMAN_ PARIS (AP) -— Swelling crowds of French voters, including an unusually large turnout of women, gathered around polling places today as France elected its third National Assembly since the World War n liberation. . , The weather ranged from scattered sunshine to gloomy skies and snow in the mountainous Jura District of Premier Edgar Faure, but nowhere did it deter the voters. Nasser Protests Dam-Building Offer By JQHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON (AP) — Egyptian Premier Game! Abdel Nasser has protested hotly against some of the conditions imposed on a British-American offer to help Egypt build a huge *, , i _ . IT:I _ i-t: Fire Department Makes Two Calls Blytheville Fire Department made two runs to burning houses over the weekend. A frame structure at 300 N. Third, owned by Tom A. Little Jr.. was a deaoiy weapon today was Hattie completely gutted Saturday nicht. Lee Clay, a Negro, who told police | A fi ue in the living room of the she "shot her man" in the stomach j four-room house was listed as cause as he tried to chop his way through her front door. She was locked in county jail on the felony charge. Her hearing awaited the outrome of the blaze. Second run made yesterday morning to a house occupied by Jerry Williams at 1005 Dixie. An oil stove in the bedroom was listed as cause Fund Is Set Up For Diggs Lads Members of Luxora's Methodist Church have begun an educational fund for the two sons of their late pastor, the Rev. W. L. Diggs. The Rev. Xfr. Diggs was killed when his car was tit by a train near Osceola Friday night. The pastor left two sons, ages seven and 13 years. Services were to . be conducted this afternoon. Contributions may be mailed to Bowen Thompson, treasurer of Luxora's Church. dam on the upper Nile River. It was learned today that. Nasser* in effect has rej cted some of the economic control strings attached to the offer by the World Bank. Dnless the difficulties can be resolved, this poses a serious threat to the U.S.-British offer to help build what would be one of the world's greatest dams and thus, it is hoped, deliver a setback to Russian designs on Eg: .-i The Communists, thrragh Czecrj- os-ovakia, already are supplying! planes and tanks tr. Egypt, and Moscow is reported by diplomatic sources to be prepared to put 250 million dollars or more into the dam project. j Nasser therefore has a choice j be Ween Moscow end Washington! in this instance. Coming to U. S. U.S. Ambassador Henry Hyroade is due to leave Cairo tomorrow for two weeks of consultations here. The negotiations over the dam are a prime reason for his return. Britain and the United States miormed Nasser three weeks ago they were ready to give Egypt "0 million dollars as a starter for construction of a great dam. a hydroelectric and irrigation project, on the Nile River at Aswan. The project is estimated to cost Methodist! around Sl.300.000.000 over perhaps IS years. The Egyptians say they Friends of the family requested j need around 400 million dollars in that contributions be mailed to | foreign financing. this fund rather than be used forj floral or other memorials. Under the Western plan Britain See EGYPT on Page 5 of George Clay's fight for life. The i of the fire. Damage was slight. Negro man was listed by Chicka-j -~ • • ~ sawba Hospital as "critical." j ... •II" I * HSTer^,edt r rh n o d m F e re a d ti1956 Gets Rolling with Emphasis 1001 Knowles at 10 p.m. yesterday, j <^ " They said Clay was attempting] to enter the front door of the house' using an axe. Hattie Lee told them she shot through the door with a .38 calibre revolver as he chopped. The bullet lodged in Clay's abdomen. * . Anita Ekberg . for dress . , too much Too Much Anita For the Dress + Despite rousing; campaign pledges of stable government and action to hold other chunks of the restless empire, political observers saw little chance the new Assembly will be much different from the old. Voting appeared normal as the polls opened at 8 a.m. (2 a.m. EST). In the industrial suburbs of Paris the voting was rather brisk.- Elsewhere the usual morning market shoppers were dropping in to vote. There were 544 seats at stake in continental France and a record 5,300 c a n d i d a fe s after them. There also was a record _number of eligible voters—26,871,688. Voters in overseas areas name 50 deputies today. Two others, one I from New Caledonia and one from the Society Islands in the Pacific, will be elected later this month. Voting Postponed In Algeria, where 30 deputies normally would be elected, voting was postponed indefinitely because of a terrorist campaign by nationalist extremists. Despite the possibility of surprises, what most political observers expected was an Assembly even more divided and uncontrollable than the last one. With no group claiming a majority, any cabinet must be pieced together from half a dozen different parties. The arithemetic of French politics makes it inevitable that handsful of deputies will switch their allegiance temporarily to one leader or another, depending on the specific issue to be decided. The two main issues foreshadowed in the campaign were: 1. What to do about rebellious and potentially rebellious overseas territories. * 2. How to prevent cabinets from See FRENCH on Page 5 39 Deaths in Canada OTTAWA (.?>—At least 39 persons were killed in holiday weekend accidents in'Canada from 6 p.m. Friday to midnight Sunday. A Canadian Press survey for the 54-hour period showed 20 persons died in traffic accidents and 13 burned to death. Miscellaneous accidents accounted for the other itUllUet, On Tension Still Circling Globe By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS New 1956 rolled along today with Uie tensions circling the globe still underscored. 'Statesmen and diplomats buckling down to the tasks facing them In the new year found the outlook shrouded in the same grim lines of the year Just ended. In Prance, voters went to the polls to elect a sembly. new National As- Vlolence continued in Algeria— a French trouble spot — and « French spokp^man there charged a diary found'on a captured Al- gerian rebel showe'' the insurgents were using both Egypt and Libya as bases for heir uprising. The world's Communist leaders! its British governor. Sir John; Harding, that the days of the is-] land's anti-British guerrillas numbered." The rebels on 3:! from many tense areas came cold and hot war warnings. On Formosa, Nationalist Chinese Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek declared the time was approaching for the people of the Chinese mainland "to rise against the Communist traitors in a mighty revolution." Cyprus heard a warning from] 'are! the' LONDON if i— There it was. a j gay New Year's Eve party at the j swank Berkeley Hotel and in j walked actress Anita Ekberg. ; Anita. Sweden's answer to the \ ice and snow. \vas wearing a snug • velvet gown which drew al! eyes, j Then—zip! The stitches gave j way. j She flung her arms across her ! body to hold the wayward dress up and raced 20 paces to an anteroom. A woman eyewitness later gave this description. "Under it was—just Anita." Weather ; Traffic Stopper King Paul of Greece issued a! statement calling the Cypriotsi brothers. j Britain's high commissioner for!Thurman Clark of Hallsville said MARSHALL, Tex. SV-"You can jnve down the highway over here tonight and feel safe," Constable the Federation of Malaya, Sir Donald MacGHlivray urged in n New Year's broadcast that "Communist terrorism" there be crushed by See 1956 on Page 5 yesterday after a holiday weekend crackdown on speeders on a 10- mile stretch of highway in this east Texas area nabbed almost 200 violators in two days. .NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Clear and partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. A little warmer Tuesday. Wednesday partly cloudy and mild. High this afternoon, low to mid 60s; low to- nisht. mid to high 30s. MISSOVRI—Considerable cloudiness northeast, generally fair west and south today; generally fair tonight and Tuesday; colder today and in north and east tonight; warmer Tuesday; high today near 40 northeast to 50 extreme'south- west, low tonight in 20s northeast to 25-35 southwest. Maximum Saturday—50, Minimum Sunday—32. Minimum yesterday—58. Minimum this morning—37. Sunrise tomorrow—7:07. Sunset today—5:01. Mean temperature—42.3. Precipitation 24 hours 7 a.ra. to 7 p.m.)—none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to date—non*. This Date Last Year Maximum yesterday—€3. Minimum this morning—40. Precipitation Jan, 1 to date—AX

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