FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Th« Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Pithole Remembered Just 100 years ago tin's summer, an army of fortune hunters, adventurers, entreprenuers. and madames descended on the borough of Pithole, Pa., a remote valley 100 miles north of Pittsburgh. Earlier in that year of 1865 the promoters of a stock selling scheme had struck oil in the vallev located onlv a short distance from Drake's YVell. The Pithole well, moreover, was a flowing one and yielded 250 bar- lels a day without pumping. Oil then was bringing S6 a barrel—no small sum in 1865 dollars. Within a few months fhe buckwheat fields had been transformed into a boisterous city of 15,000. Soon the townsile changed hands for £2 million. Half-acre oil leases sold for S16,- 500 and seemed worth it. because even the springs were flowing oil. Pilhole was a complete town, consisting of 57 hotels (some of them more accurately described as "houses"), a daily newspaper, water system, two churches, several banks, twice daily railroad service, and a busy post office. But the bubble soon burst. The oil stopped flowing and by 1867 the town was dying. Pithole today by some miracle of nature has been restored nearly to its natural state. Only an occasional cellar hole and the historical markers give evidence that man once stripped the hills to erect a town of mud streets and raw wood. Deer graze in the peaceful fields, tall pines whisper in the breeze, and pheasants whir from the thick ground cover. The visitor is reminded of the lines from Carl Sandburg's The Grass: "Shovel them under and let me work—I am the grass; I cover all." Do Weil; But Not Too Well Here's an encouraging word for those who don't like to work hard. (There are some like that, they sav.) A career specialist says that go-getters who knock themselves out so the boss will promote them actually may be going nowhere. For one tiling, they may do the job at hand so well they become indispensable and can't be spared for a tatter job. For another thing, it's possible for an eager beaver to be a whiz at what he's doing now and still not have what it takes to handle MHiiething higher up. The expert who pointed out these things wasn't suggesting that aspiring; young men goof off. But he did advise Young Men On the Way Up to train a subordinate^ who would be able to take over if the Y.M. ON T.W.U. did get the nod. Here's another word of advice to all young men-and young ladies, too: A lot of successful business executives have found that a pretty good way to get ahead is to do your level best at whatever you're do - ing and let nature take its course. H seems to work out amazingly well. Patent(ly) New Idea Football in August When summer comes, can football be far behind? The answer, of course, is "no" and proof is the \ll-Star football game at Soldiers Field in Chicago, Friday. Aug 6. Nothing testifies more to football's enormous appeal than the fact that 75,000 fans are expected to watch the college clnss of 1964 try to whip the champion Cleveland Browns of the National Football League. Most of the All-Star games turn into routs in which the old pros eat the rookies alive. But it is all in a good cause—the Chicago Tribune Charities, Inc — and the new graduates usually manage to keep things interesting. Otto Graham, in his eighth term as All-Star coach, has an unusually fine crop of talent for this go-round. His major problem is to pick a starting quarterback from among four eligibles: John Huarte of Notre Dame. Craig Morton of California, Roger Staubach of Navy, and Bob Timberlake of Michigan. Among the fine receivers are Jack Snow ot Notre Dame and Olympic gold medal sprinter Bob Hayes of Florida A&M. To purists, football in early August may seem ridiculous. But the professional football enthusiast is not easily sated, and the seasons keep getting longer. If pre-season ticket sales are an indication, the supply ot gridiron violence still has not caught up with demand. On April 10, 1790, President George Washington signed this country's first patent act. Although the patent system launched by that pen stroke was not the first in the world, it has undoubtedly been the most productive. That was 175 years ago. It is time now, says an official of the Department of Commerce, for an international patent system, and the United States must take the lead in establishing it. According to Dr. William W. Eaton, deputy assistant secretary for science and technology, such a system will be "one of the most necessary things in the world of tomorrow"— a world that will be even more scientifically interdependent than it is today. But today, an inventor or innovator is forced to take out a separate pafent in most foreign countries, or else run the risk of having his ideas pirated by someone else. It is the man vho builds a better mousetrap who must beat d path to the world, not the other way around. An international patent union would eliminate this problem, for one patent could cover all member countries We Just Dare You According to word from Europe, the latest rage there is handbags for men. One such item is a black leather bag which dangles by a strap from the wrist. Tlie reason, of course, is that those awfully hulgy wallets and billfold, and other terribly male things that men stuff into their trouser ;md jacket pockets are simply devastating to the proper drape of their suits. We don't know who is going to be the first man to introduce the new fashion over here, but we have an idea that any bag hanging at his wrist may have to be used to protect more than the lines of his suit. The Weepiness of W. Willard Wirtz (Copyright 1969, King Feature* Syndicate, Inc.) By John Chamberlain We live in a humanitarian country in a humanitarian age. It's a lot better than living in the days of Ivan the Terrible or even Louis the Fourteenth. But there is such a thing as crying too much for poor, buffeted humanity, and the people with good hearts may end by enslaving us all. The height of something-or-other in dangerous weepiness was reached the other day by Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz in a speech before the annual convention of the Communications Workers of America in Kansas City. It must be quoted in extension to be fully appreciated. Said Mr. Wirtz: "Don't let this country get comfortable about a 4.6 per cent unemployment . . . there is only one answer as far as employment opportunities are concerned, and that is that every person in this country who is capable of doing a job is entitled to an opportunity to do that job." So far, so good. Nobody will quarrel with Mr. Wirtz for his desire to match ability with opportunity. His own Department of Labor might refer Secretary Wirtz's words to the AFL-CIO, which has opposed a government appropriation to finance a major study of job vacancies in the United States. The AFL-CIO has taken the incredible position that if the government were to make a serious study of job opportunities in America it would be used by conservatives to argue against federal action to reduce unemployment. Unfortunately, Secretary Wirtz didn't stop with his statement about job opportunities. He went on to tell a little story about what happened to him on a plane to Chicago. "1 was impressed," he said, "with the fact that when the stewardess read the canned speech . . , about how glad they are to have you . . . that she had read that script, for the first time that I had heard in a long rime, as though she really meant it and was glad we were on board. "She looked down," so the Secretary continued, "and smiled a little wistfully, and said, "Yes, you IraowV-and she hesitated a little— 'four months ago I finished three years of i straining at the Guelman Theatre in Chicago.' "I looked at her, and she touched the wings of the cap. 'Yes/ she said, 'I know what you are thinking. I couldn't find the kind of thing I wanted to do so now I am an airline stewardess.' "You know, in our statistics she is employed. I am not sure whether she is 01 not ... I am not sure that we are correct in counting a person employed when that person happens to be filling one of the jobs which is available, but when that person is not doing what he,, or she is capable of doing," Well, who is to judge whether every personable air line stewardess with a good voice should go to Hollywood or Broadway? Some qualifying board in Washington? My friend Eliot Janeway used to say that he was a "disappointed John McGraw." He wanted to manage the New Yorgk Giants, but he wound up as the proprietor of a financial service. For all Willard Wirtz knows, the Giants may have lost a great manager simply because nobody would listen to Mr. Janeway's wish. Aubrey Williams, who used to work for Harry Hopkins in the old WPA days, told of listening to a young man in Montana who said, passionately, that he wanted to be a doctor. "Why shouldn't he be a doctor?" So Aubrey Williams asked dramatically in my presence. I could only say that lots of under-privileged boys have become doctors by working their way through college and qualifying for the chan'ce. Willard Wirtz wants to take the marketplace competition out of life. It's a nice thought. But if he is going to provide jobs for all the reasonably able young girls who want to be actresses, and for all the boys who want to manage a team'like the New York Giants, he will have to build an engine of compulsion the like of which would have made Joe Stalin proclaim himself the veriest amateur in the use of force. Actresses and baseball managers need audiences and in Mr. Wirtz's ideal world you'll be seeing a ball game every day and a drama every night whether you want to or not. As they say. "Comes the revolution, comrades, you'll eat strawberries and like it." See You Going On a Long Journey, Maybe 10 Years" The National Whirligig I Re I *»r M) b» McClure Newspaper Syndicate) By ANDREW TULLY NEW YORK — Two years from new, give or take a strike or two, the firsi Americans will start getting something from the atomic age besides nightmares. That something will be fresh water from the sea, produced by the. nation's first commercial atomic-powered desaliniza t i on plant The $4.7 million complex will be built by the State o f New -/ork with some $1 million in Federal funds near the Long Island town of Initially, the Riverhead. plant will pro- WASHINGTON — dent has spoken, ti pers on both sides curtain have spoken, and critics inside the have had their say, crucial answer to cow. The communists Johnson's remarks 28 news conference less have come to sion. It can only would not be surprising if they became convinced that, despite all the brave words, the American government doesn't rea 11 y mean to fight to the bitter end and now is desperately seeking a way to extricate itself from a frustrating situation. For, while President John son talked eloquently about Am e r i- ca's unwillingness to surrender or appease, his speech reflects a discomfiture over the demands of many Americans, inside and outside of politics, who feel the United States government should get out of Vietnam as gracefully as possible no matter how prolonged the peace conferences may be. o a ft n World Affairs 7RENCE The presi- he newspa- of the iron :, and the Unitd States too. But the what lies Asia is still ing or Mos- have used analyze Mr. at his July and doubt- ome conclu- De guess e d ,ided, but it But who sent technicians and supplies recently to build the missile bases in North V i e t- nam? Obviously it was the Russians. The plain truth is that Red China and the Soviet Union today are engaged in a war against the United States, just as Moscow and Peiping made war against the United Nations in Korea in 1950 — the Soviets by furnishing munitions and supplies, as the Russian delegate to the U. N. openly boasted, and the Red Chinese by sending their big armies across the Yalu River to kill tens of thousands of American boys. A A ,•> nam. as Amerii been cautioned bombing attacks ing all-out war my bases and s So the world another defeat f of united action nist imperialism given by the Joh tion last week — tional such a me been — is that a been made to mess some wa fighting to a v sion. Another state! is in prospect. F sing no willing the administrat a standstill str enemy now mis weakness, and i cluce a million gallons of water a day. enough for the needs of about, 6,000 persons. It also will generate 2,500 kilowatts of elcc- trlcitv a day and an assortment ! or uranium, plutonium and cobalt ractioisotopes. If necessary, the water output can be c x i pander! to five million gallons a day by reducing electric pow! cr production. • t> a a (WILL PAY FOR SELF — The i fresh water will be produced by the flash evaporation syst e m, a form of distillation in which sea water is vaporized by heating and the pure vapor then reconverted by condensa t i o n . The water will be purchased I by the Riverhead Water D i s - trict and the electric power by i Uie Long Island Lighting Co., and it is hoped that this i n i come, plus revenue from the i sale of Isotopes, will fina n c e I construction and operating costs i of the plant. Merely building the plant is a milestone In man's progress, of course, but there is a dollars- and-cents significance to other areas plagued by water short- nam. as American airmen have ages. The Long Island plant will produce water at a cost to the town of 35 cents per 1,000 gallons, a rate comparable to that —ROSS LEWIS. MILWAUKEE JOURNAL charged, by most U.S. cities, although in some sections fresh water Is available for as little as 6 cents p er 1,000 gallons. I n other words, the plant will be a practical, businesslike operation. a a a JFK TRIUMPH — It Is also a posthumous triumph for President John F. Kennedy. A f tcr Harry Truman set up the Federal government's desaliniza - tion program in 1952, it was a stepchild of the Eisenhower Administration, with an avera g e annual appropriation less than that of the Washington Zoo. But Kennedy pressed Congress to okay a $75 million appropriation for a six-year period, and that tot the program off the ground. President Johnson, a practical man, took up where Kennedy has left off. He pushed a $275 million research and construction program through 1972, and a $29 million appropriation for fiscal 1966. a o o CUTTING COSTS — The cold statistics are the payoff. In 1952, the cost of desalting sea water was $5 per 1,000 gallons. B y last year, the cost had been cut to $1, and now the Long Island project puts the prog ram on a commercial basis. Meanwhile. Johnson has gone ahead with another Federal project In Southern California which 1 s expected to produce 20-c en t water by 1975. New York's water shortage Is so acute these days that you don't get a glass of water in a restaurant unless you ask for It. This is shameful in a nation which IF spending billions to put nuclear power to military uses, and .t is- nice to recall that John Kennedy started thinking about it almost as soon as he moved into the White House. Business Mirror decision but has the by By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Britain's to bolster the pound woe throughout the world that contributed In large measure to the depths to which the American economy sank in the Great victorious conclu- sterling—one of the few remain-1 If the pound isn't that impor- ing status symbols of the once j tant today, the state of the Brite, therefore,. proud British Empire—is more ish economy and the health of is in prospect. For, while profey- closely tied to the future of the the European Common Market ~ ! ~~ "" •" : " : ~> to retreat.. American dollar than you might are still matters of concern to has adopted, think. u.S. business as well as to U.S. ;y. Will the i For the dollar and the pound monetary authorities enemy now misconstrue this as are still linked in world finan- t, •& t, weakness, and will this necessi- cial affairs. Trouble in London's Tne American economv at the The United Nations responded i tate in the long run bigger and! Threadneedle Street can affect moment looks strnnS diplomatic pressure from bigger military com m i t - wall Street—and Main Street. take care of the mam L -r^ .i_. , « _ _ .. YYm»-,fc- o«,r,,7f,,, o,-n-l rT*'Qr,#Q.. a n r> - ml- - , , . _. .. . trtJVC UC11C Ul tilt. Ulclin to Great Britain and France and refrained from bombing the supply lines across the Yalu as the Red Chinese invaded S o u t n Korea. Today it looks as if the same thing is developing in Viet- ments anyway and greater sacrifices by American troops? Peiping and Moscow alone know the answer. f Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The pound no longer has the , importance it boasted back in The Washington Scene the }',y RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON — (NBA) — President Johnson's decision to double the draft means that if you are 19 or 20 years old your chances of being called up this i for example, that all or part the stepped.,,.,, —r Viet Nam War. But Britain, flourishing 1920s. Its col- : and parts of Western E lapse at the start of the 1930s set have been Dree ding some troul upachain reaction of business ble spots tnat could cause busi . ~^^^ ! ness setbacks there—and in time here. And both Britain and the Common Market tend to blame the United States for some of their present and poten- 10 YEARS AGO — Tempera- tial difficulties, tures: High 86, low 73. . . .Ro- In this country there is debate land Van Slyke has assumed his over whether the economy is Record of the Past of its part-time students would j duties as the new principal of'Slowing down, or is about to. In no longer be exempted. Students in certain "non-es- .America consented, as did the j year arp some what greater than United Nations to join in jus j in tne past few montns . the J. E. Murphy High School ; most of Europe the rate of Hurley. Van Slyke, who was .growth is definitely smaller this year than last, and well below the rate in the United States. This would, of course, " vary tion in June to succeed H. F. i This slowdown follows years of sential" courses of study could i engaged by the Hurley Joint lose their derferment rig h t s School District Board of Educa- such an unsatrsfactoy ending o '^xa'ctlv how far The Selective from community to community , Connors as principal of the high ' unusual growth in Western Eu- the Korean War. To this day In the same way, local boards ! sch ° o1 - took over the position rope with the rate notably high- nothing has been settled, and Korea is still divided. There isn't even a peace treaty in existence to replace the armistice agreement. Is the United States government gtetin° ready to do this again? If so, all the fine talk about a refusal to surrender will go for naught. The enemy knows that the American people are in the midst of a business boom, and assumes that the pleasures and luxuries of a "great-society- to-be" are considered more desirable than sending the boys to war or skyrocketing the expenditures of government so that a choice has to be made of "guns or butter." A similar illusion in the Democratic countries about "peace at any price" led to World War I and then later to World War II. The Red Chinese and the Soviets, although permitting their press to cry out loud 1 y that America is bent on "Aggression," are likely within their private counsels, however, to conclude that Mr. Johns o n's speech was a turning point in policy, for he spoke of a "measured" operation. This could be Interpreted to mean lim i t e d forces which might do nothing decisive to checkmate the growing escalation of guerrilla ware- fare in Vietnam. ft ft ft The president in his speech made no reference to the Russians, as, it is said, he didn't want to hurt their feelings and even counts on their help behind the scenes in restraining the Red Chinese. The only mention of Red China was in the following paragraph of Mr. Johnson's talk: 'Some citizens of South Vietnam, at times with understandable grievances, have joined in the attack on their own government. But we must not let this mask the central fact that this Is really war. It is guided by North Vietnam and it is spurred Oy Communist China. Its goali Is to conquer the south, to de-feat American power, and to extend the Asiatic dominion of communism." day sevice wllreach down deDend Service will reach down depends to a considerable degree on conditions in each draft area. Who will be exempted depends in many (perhaps in most) cases on the discretion of the local draft board. Therefore no hard predictions can be laid down. The men who do the planning here in Washington believe that in the foreseeable future the draft will be limited to sing 1 e men between the ages of 19 to 26, as in the past. The planners aren't aiming at calling up married men. They expect the local boards to begin with the oldest single men in the 19 to 2fi bracket and work down. In the recent past men have usually been called up around 21 or in the latter part of their 20th year. Now more 20-year-olds and probably some numbers of 19- year-old? will get the nod. ft a ft Local draft boards are expected on the whole to be a little tougher in deciding who will and who won't be deferred for schooling. Just how the criteria will cnange again depends on the local boards. No new instructions are being sent out from Washington. A local board might deci d e , probably it more dif . ; Monday. He has had 23 years ficult tor a man to be deferred because of being in an impor- of experience in school administration .The temperature tant critical occupation— mean-! m Ir °nwood had remained above ing an essential ocupation in | the 7 ? degree mark for 35 con- Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E. McLcod Ave., Ironwood. Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919. (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1821- Ironwood Times acquired May 23| 1946.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood, Michigan. MEMBER OF T1IK ASSOCIATED PKESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for rppubHcation of all the local news printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member ot American Newspaper Publishers Association, Inland Daily Press Association Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, $12.00; six months, $7 00; three months, $4.00; one month $1.50. No mail subscriptions sold to towns and locations, where carrier service Is mam'faih.ed. Elsewhere— per year; $21 00;- sl> months, $11.00; three months, S5,75; one month, $2.00 short supply in the area. These critical skills, for example, could be scientists at Cape Kennedy or school teachers in a town short of schoolmarms. Local boaids will undoubtedly decide that some occupations are not as critical as they'd been assuming. secutive hours at 1 p.m. today. night' recorded at 6 and 8 a.m. this morning. 20 YEARS AGO — Tempera- er than in the United States. Britain is especially* hard hit now. In 1964 Its economy expanded over the previous year by 5.7 per cent. This year the growth is estimated at 2.5 per cent or so by the First National City Bank of New York. The British industrial lag has failed to meet the demands for tures: High 79, low 45 Ironwood city commission goods of the almost wholly em- y_ Ployed British population. They worth of equipment for the city. Board? will take another look Tnis equipment is being p u r at single men who claim deferment because they're supporting a relative. chased to replace present city equipment which has lost i t s efficiency through general deter- Thus what is going to happen ! lorat '° n and to handle the in- is a small but appreciable tight- crea sed load which the city ening uo all around the country. I The tightening in one town is Playground baseball team likely *.o be quite different from that in another. ft 6 it The President talked of a monthly draft of 35,000 men. This compares with Korean Wai- calls which ranged roughly from 25,000 to a peak of 80,000 a month. Draft experts at Select i v e Service- and the Pentagon point out, however, that the mild tightening which they talk about could shift if the present rules don't bring in the men—or if the President decided on an additional sharp increase in the draft. If the local draft boards say the men aren't available under present criteria, then physi c a 1 and mental requirements could be lowered and deferments made even tougher. It's not likely that married men would be touched even then, unless, of course, there is a further sharp expansion of the war, or so experts here reason. Officials here are optmist i c . They believe the mild tighenings outlined above will be sufficient to meet the doubled draft call announced by President J o h n- son. defeated the Barber-Yale team of Bessemer on the Wakefield athletic field by a score of 6 to 3. Timely Quotes Nothing has divided the Arab world more than the effort to unite it. —Abba Eban, Deputy Premier of Israel. In the middle of a serious act of worship Itls very upsetting to hear about stolen vehicles and traffic accidents. —Member of the congregation of a Petersfield, England, church where the electric organ kept booming out emergency calls for police cars, fire engines and ambulances. A Daily Thought VThe U. S. Mint, will" produce some two -billion nickels this what they want and have the money to buy. And that's ft where the pound sterling is in trouble. The excess of imports over exports has put a strain on the pound. To pay for these imports, Britain finds other currencies are in demand, and the pound isn't. Last fall the United States had to go to the aid of the pound. With other nations it furnished a fund the Bank of England could draw upon to defend the value of the pound against speculators who were dumping their holdings because they thought the pound would have to be devalued. Again the British government is seeking to curb imports, boost exports, and ward off speculators as the pound weakens. If Britain's efforts don't succeed, the United States may have to help again. With Its hands full in Viet Nam and at home, the United States doesn't relish prospects of Increasing economic problems across the Atlantic. The hand-cranked ice ere a m freezer was invented by Nancy Johnson in 1846. I said to myself, "1 have acquired great wisdom, surpassing all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has had great experience of wisdom an knowledge."—Eccl. 1:16. I find the great thing in this world is riot so much where we stand as in what direction we advance; by the week, 40 cents. r to alleviate the com short-j are moving. — Oliver Wendelli Holmes, American author. I NEWSPAPERS SiUTHEMOST!
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