Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 9, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, July 9, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION [UlTIi VOL. LJV Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, FRIDAY, JULY 9, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One No. Dewey Gets Support of State GOP Three in every 4 of the Iowa republicans who had favored other pre - convention candidates, now accept Governor Thomas E. Dewey as their party nominee and say they will support him over Presi- , dent Tru• i - man. Although lOWO • Dewey was not their choice be- A fore the convention, 74 per : ' cent of them • ftninifift would now vote \JpintQfl for hini) 19 per * — t cent for Tru• Pon&t " ' man > and 4 p er , ru fieri , cent for Wal _ ' lace, with the other 3 per cent divided. In the remote event that General Eisenhower is the democratic nominee for president, Dewey would get somewhat less support from Iowa- republicans who favored other candidates before the convention was held; 63 per cent of them would support Dewey, 31 per cent Eisenhower, and 1 per cent Wallace, with tne other 5 per cent undecided. The above percentages, it should be repeated, do not apply to all voters in Iowa or all republican voters in the state, but only to those republicans who favored other pre - convention candidates over Dewey. Re-Interviewed Harold Stassen was the pre-convention choice of the largest bloc of Iowa .republican voters, but they now support Dewey as strongly as those whose pre-convention preference was Vandenberg, Taft, Warren or other candidates than Governor Dewey. Iowa Public Opinion Panel members, representing a cross-section of the voters of the state, were re-interviewed after the republican national convention, so their opinions may be compared with the views they expressed immediately before the convention. This panel method provides the only direct measurement of the changes in voters' attitudes during a campaign. In this case it measures the acceptance of nominees by voters who previously had supported other candidates. Action by the convention at Philadelphia also resolved the doubts of most Iowa republicans who were undecided in their pre- convention choice for president. Of these former republican doubt- fuls, 74 per cent would now support Dewey compared with 18 per cent for Truman; and 63 per cent are for Dewey against 29 per cent for Eisenhower. The other 8 per cent in either contest are evenly divided, Ijalf for Wallace and half still undecided. DEWEY LEADS TRUMAN 3 TO 2 IN IOWA In the cross-section of all voters, made after the republican national convention, support for Dewey is in a ratio of 3 to 2 over support for Truman. Among all voters and by party affiliations there is the following division in percentages for these 2 probable major party candidates: Dewey Truman All voters 53% . 35% Republicans 8Q 14 Democrats 22 64 Independents 36 36 The proportions not accounted for in the above tabulation divide as follows: Wallace Undecided All voters 3% 9% Republicans ...... 2 4 Democrats 4 10 Independents 5 23 The analysis suggests 3 element* of vfeakness in the democratic position with President Truman as the party leader: 1. While 22% of the democratic voters in the state now say they would vote for Dewey over Truman, only 14% of the republicans would now vote for Truman over Dewey. 2. Wallace has the support of 4% of the democrats but only 2% of the republicans. 3. Voters still undecided amount lo 10% of the democrats but only 4% of the republicans. In stating preferences between Dewey and Truman there are the expected differences by income and age groups, by occupations and by population of cities and towns. Dewey leads Truman 5 to 1 among well-to-do voters, and by smaller margins in the middle income class, but there is a slight lead for Truman in the lowest income group. Strongest Over 60 Although there is some margin for Dewey in each age classification, this is strongest among voters over 60, while President Truman finds his greatest support among voters less than 30 years af age. Men and women support Dewey over Truman in nearly equal proportions. Farmers give Dewey about the same margin over Truman as the average of all voters. The strongest support for Dewey is found in the business and professional group and among other white collar workers, while Truman is favored by a substantial margin in the laboring groups. Truman leads Dewey only in the larger cities, while Dewey's strongest support is in the smaller towns. Dewey's lead is consistent in each congressional district with the ex- Arabs Resume War on 200-Mile Front Globe-Gazelte Photo COOL JOB—One of the coolest places in Mason City Friday was Ervin Brothers Artificial Ice company, 515 6th N. W., where Don De Bord, an employe of the ice plant, is shown above handling large cakes of ice. The temperature in the room is 28 degrees, 65 degrees below the outside temperature at 1 warm up," said De Bord. p. m. "I have to come out once in a while to Ask Pledge on Price Control Henderson Appears Before Democrats Philadelphia, (fP) —Leon Henderson, wartime OPA administrator, urged the democratic platform committee Friday to pledge immediate action to restore price, allocation, inventory and credit controls. He appeared after the committee had heard demands from other witnesses for abandonment of the "Truman .doctrine," in Greece, for indorsement of arms shipments to the new state of Israel, and for the creation of .a federal union of democratic peoples of the world. The former price control administrator endorsed President Truman's civil rights program, declaring that Americans for Democratic Action favor "the- abolition of the poll tax by federal law, the punishment of lynching, the- establishment of a fair employment practices act, and the abolition of segregation in the government." Of the foreign policy, he said that "the platform should claim support of the European recovery program for at least 4 years, and appropriations sufficient to carry it out in full." The platform writers will begin the actual drafting of the platform Saturday. They have not yet indicated what economic controls, if any, they will recommend. i/i f\. i i /or Missing Church Everly, (U.R) — Everly police threw out a 5-county dragnet Friday for a missing church. The Rev. K. A . Dykstra said someone stole a miniature of the Everly First Reformed church from the top of a large church sign on the highway between here and Spencer. "It was very dear to the hearts of this congregation," Dykstra said. Army Turns Nation's Rail Networks Back to Owners Washington, (U.R)—The army an- J nounced that it will return the nation's railroads to their private owners at 2 p. m. CST Friday. Government operation of the railroads began May 10 when they \vere seized by order of President Truman to prevent a strike by the 3 major railroad unions. The 18-month old \vage dispute was settled Thursday. The 3 unions and the railroads agreed on a wage increase of $1.24 a day —15i cents an hour—and 16 rules changes which also will mean more money for the workers. The daily wage increases will be retroactive to Nov. 1, 1947, for the 125,000 workers involved. Increases growing out of rules changes will be dated back to Jan. 1, 1948. The settlement paved the way for the government to return the railroads to private ownership as soon as possible. The army has been running the roads since they were seized by President Truman on May 10 to prevent a strike by the 3 unions. The railroad industry has inclined io r view the settlement as a victory. It closely paralleled the earlier recommendations of a presidential board which had been accepted by the operators and rejected by the unions. 15-Year-Old Girl Becomes a Mother St. Louis, (JP)— Mrs. Robert Barton, in keeping with family tradition, gave birth to a daughter Thursday night at the age of 15. Mrs. Barton's mother, 35, and her maternal grandmother, 50 both became mothers at the same age. All of them live in St. Louis The first flag of the United Colonies was raised on Prospect Hill in Somerville, Mass., on Jan. 1, 1776. ception of the 5th (Des Moines) where Truman has a small lead. DEWEY VS. EISENHOWER IN EVEN RACE General Eisenhower's statement of July 5 that ne is not a candidate will leave only the most optimistic of his supporters still hopeful that he can be drafted as the presidential nominee by the democratic national convention whk;h opens July 12 in Philadelphia. If Eisenhower should be named, however, the present division indicates the race would be a very close one in Iowa. IPO panel voters now divide as follows: Dewey Eisenhower AH voters 43% 45% Republicans 66 25 Democrats 17 70 Independents ....27 56 Comparison with the Dewey- Truman division indicates that Eisenhower would not only hold a higher proportion of democratic strength but would also have the support of 25% of the republicans, compared with the 14% that would now cross party lines to vote for Truman. The reason most often mentioned by those who oppose Eisenhower presses their objection to "electing a military man." Present preferences between the candidates will, however, be much affected by developments in the campaign, by the pull of party loyalties, and by the impact of events, both national and international, before the election is de- eyed. , Idaho's Grand Canyon of the Snake river is the deepest gorge in North America. Will Appear Before Judge Lewis to State Case on Strike Wednesday Washington, (U.R)—John L. Lewis agreed Friday to appear next Wednesday before Federal Judge T. Alan Goldsborough to show why he should not be ordered to end the captive coal mine strike. Charles H. Ward, deputy United States marshal, said the United Mine Workers' president had notified him he would accept service of a subpena signed late Thursday by Goldsborough. Ward said that he would serve the subpena formally late Friday. Lewis returned to his office Friday from New York, where he negotiated a contract with the anthracite operators. Meanwhile a secret meetiiig between Welly K. Hopkins, union counsel, and Harry M. Moses, chief negotiator for the steel companies operating the captive mines, failed to achieve a settlement over the union shop demand of the union. Government labor experts predicted Lewis will call off the captive coal mine strike, if Goldsborough orders him to do so, rather than risk another contempt of court fine. The miners have been out 4 days in a union shop dispute which the government says will "seriously curtail" steel production. U. S. Pushes UN Action on Truce Break Britain Goes Along With America, Soviet in Anti-Arab Moves Lake Success, (U.R)—The United nations security council prepared Friday to take action against the Arab states for renewing the Palestine war. The council planned to go into special session as soon as UN Mediator Count Folke Bernadotte filed a more complete report on the Arab decision to end the truce and resume the offensive against Israel. Stern Measures The Arab decision to start shooting in the Holy Land again rnad it almost certain that the council would call for swift nnd stem punishment. The United States and Russia said they would seek to invoke chapter 7 of the UN charter to brand the Arabs aggressors and a threat to world peace. Britain Agrees More significant, the British indicated they would go along will the Americans in supporting UIS action against the Arabs since the foreign office had failed in its lltl hour diplomatic offensive to ge the Arabs to reverse their decision to fight. The United States was considering introducing a proposal to have the council "order" a hal to the Palestine war—a step which the American delegation urged unsuccessfully on tho council before the start of the 4-week truce which ended at 2 a. m. EDT Friday. Eisenhower Gives Refusal to Democratic Supporters BORDER PACT MADE London, (U.R) — Russia and Poland have signed a treaty providing means of settling frontier conflicts and incidents, the Moscow radio reported Thursday night without going into detail. Philadelphia, {/P)—Gen. Dwight* D. Eisenhower gave a "final and • complete" refusal Friday to all efforts to draft him for the demo- ratic presidental nomination. "I would refuse to accept the nomination," Eisenhower said. That was.in a telegram to Sen. :iaude Pepper of Florida. Pepper said Thursday he would place the jeneral's name in nomination at next week's party convention if someone didn't boat him to it. Calls Him Off Eisenhower called him off. Pepper released the general's telegram and said he would comply with "the greatest reluctance" with Eisenhowers request that his name not be offered to the convention. It was the general's 3rd and most outspoken disavowal of any desire or intention to be pulled into this year's political wars as the commander in chief of either major party. Saw Loopholes But always before, those clamoring for him to accept a presidential nomination professed to see loopholes that would allow Eisenhower to be drafted. Two of the stop-Truman leaders immediately swung into line behind the president. In Chicago, Democratic Leader Jacob M. Arvey announced that he and Mayor Wiliiam O'Dwyer of New York were giving up on Eisenhower. He said they now "intend to vote in the convention for the nomination of President Truman. 11 Truman backers regarded that as the clincher for a 1st ballot nomination. Up to that point, it was somewhat uncertain whether anti-Truman forces would switch at once to someone else, like Supreme Court Justice William O Douglas. 17 Cows Suffocate in Chicken House International Falls, Minn., (JP) — Martin Timmer's 23 cows were so plagued by flies during the current heat wave they sought relief by all crowding into a small chicken house. Before Timmer could drive them put, 17 of the animals suffocated in the crowded quarters. He estimated his loss at $3,000. 3 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Partly cloudy and warm through Saturday with possible brief showers before Saturday afternoon. Low Friday night 72 to 73. High Saturday | near 95. Iowa: Partly cloudy, warm and humid Friday night and Saturday with scattered thundershowers west and north portions Friday night and Saturday. Low Friday night 66-72. Minnesota: Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday, with scattered thundershowers east and south portions Friday and south and east central portions Saturday. Not quite so warm northwest portion Friday and north and central portions Saturday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Friday morning: Maximum Minimum At 8 a. in. Friday 97 73 80 War Draft Deferments Not Factor Washington, (U.R) — A selective service official said Friday that the old wartime draft classifications will have "absolutely nc bearing" on deferments under the new peacetime draft. Everyone required io re-register will "start from scratch" as far as deferments are concerned, he said. Although President Truman still has not outlined the reasons for which the nation's 4,000 local boards will grant deferments, married men and fathers are not expected to be drafted. The new draft requires all men 18-through-25 to register. But only those - in the 19-through-25 age group may be drafted. Eight- teen-year olds may volunteer for 12-months duty in this country. Kissed in Plane Crash C-47 Cracks Upon Frankfurt-Berlin Hop Berlin, (U.R)—A U. S. C-47 transport of the Berlin supply run :rashed and burned northwest of Trankfurt early Friday, killing all 3 persons aboard in the first loss of American life in the campaign against the Russian blockade of Berlin. U. S. air force headquarters in Wiesbaden announced that the night-flying transport "disintegrated" and burst into flames 5 miles north of Koenigstein a few minutes after taking off from the Wiesbaden with a cargo of food for Berlin. The pilot, co-pilot and one person described as a passenger were killed instantly, an emergency crew dispatched from Wiesbaden found the wreckage burning fiercely. One body was found nearby. The identification of the victims was withheld, as usual, until kin had been notified. Officers said that normally the 2-engined C-47's on the run carried only the pilot and co-pilot, but one "passenger" of unspecified category was allowed for each flight. The crash was the first mishap of consequence in the thousands of flights the American, British and French air forces have made to Berlin since the Russians scaled off the city by land in an effort to squeeze out the western powers. Bernadotte Tries Last Minute Plea UN Mediator Flies to Rhodes to Talk With King Abdullah Cairo, (U.R)—The Palestine war flared up anew Friday in outbursts of violent fighting all along the 200-mile broken battlefront when the United Nations truce expired. The Arab and Jewish armies reported that they were locked in bitter struggles which boiled up on battlefields extending all the way from the Haifa area in the north to the Gaza region in the south. Count Folke Bernadotte, the UN mediator, flew on an urgent llth hour mission from Rhodes to Amman to confer with King Abdullah. But there was no sign that he had reversed his abandonment of hope that the fighting could be stopped. Forces Pooled King Abdullah was appointed commander in. chief of all the Arab armies fighting in Palestine, and at once pooled the forces for an all-out offensive against the Jews, an Amman dispatch reported. The 28-day truce negotiated by Bernadotte ran out at 2 a. m. EDT. The Arabs rejected urgent appeals by the mediator and the security council to prolong it, and the waiting armies went into action at the zero hour. Launch Attacks Tel Aviv dispatches said the first Jewish communique issued after the truce expired reported that Egyptian infantry supported by tanks launched attacks against the village of Julis, near Gaza. It said the attackers suffered heavy YEAR AGO: Maximum Minimum losses. Arab cannon shelled Jewish traffic along the R,ehovoth-Gaza highway, while far to the north Jewish traffic on the plain of Jezreel southeast of Haifa was attacked, Tel Aviv reported. Fivc states have women superintendents of public instruction. They arc Colorado, Iowa, Montana, Nevada and Wyoming. Wind Shifts to Northwest; Mercury Drops The wind shifted full 180 degrees to northwest and the mercury dropped 10 degrees between 1 and 2 o'clock Friday afternoon after hitting a high of 93 at the KGLO transmitter on the west Mason City limits. ! The observer reported 91 at noon and 12:30 p. m., 93 at 1 o'clock, 97 at 1:30 and 83 at 2 as clouds covered the sun and the man on the street began to talk of rain. The weatherman talked of rain, too. He forecast scattered .showers Friday night and continuing to Monday. Thursday night was the hottest of the summer, the minimum temperature early Friday being 73 degrees at Mason City. Thursday the mercury climbed to 97 in mid- afternoon. At Des Moines a sudden shower was accompanied by rather strong winds and hail Thursday afternoon, the temperature plunging from 97 to 80 degrees in 30 min- Northcott Elected Methodist Bishop Indianapolis, (^P)—The Rev. H. Clifford Northcott of Champaign, 111., was elected a bishop Friday on the 15th ballot taken at the north central jurisdictional conference of the Methodist church. The conference previously had elected 2 other bishops and a 4th is yet to be named. Mr. Northcott received 245 votes, 10 more than the number required. utes. The Car Accident Injury Fatal to Iowa Youth Decorah, (U.R) — Lavonne Duane Burseth, 18, Waukon, died in a hospital Thursday night of automobile accident injuries. His companion, Frank Gerhardt, 18, Waukon, is in serious condition. Their car collided "Wednesday forecast said it would be partly cloudy, warm and humid Friday night and Saturday, with scattered thundershowers in the %vestern and northern portions. In the agricultural outlook, however, the thundershowers were expected lo overspread the state Saturday night and Sunday, ending Monday. The outlook added that it would be cooler Sunday and Monday. However, the 5 day outlook said temperatures will average 6 to 8 degrees above normal in the southwest and 5 degrees above in the northeast. It also mentioned cooler weather and said precipitation would average 4 inch during the period. night with the automobile of Dr. Clark Rominger, Allamakee county coroner, on a hill one mile west of Waukon. Dr. Rominger is^in se- •ious condition in a Rochester, Vlinn., hospital. RAIL AGREEMENT AT WHITE HOUSE—President Truman smiles as he holds a signed agreement in his hand Thursday, settling the railroad labor dispute. With him are union and management representatives. Left to right: Alvanley Johnston, engineers' union chief; D. B. Robertson, firemen's union president; A. J. Glover (rear), switch- AP wirephoto men's union president; W. T. Faricy, president, Association of American Railroads; C. D. Mackcy, Southern Railway; John R. Steelman, assistant to the president; H. A. Unochs, chairman, executive committee, Eastern Carriers, and D. P. Loomis, executive director, Association of Western Railroads. 600 TURKEYS DIE Albia, (/P)—Approximately 600 turkeys died on the Robert Flanigan farm cast of Albia Wednesday. Flanigan said the birds apparently became frightened and huddled together in shelters, where the extreme heat killed them. ICE CREAM HEAVEN New York, (U.R)—An ice cream truck overturned at the Brooklyn end of the Williamsburg bridge Thursday night, near a group of children playing in the street. By the time police arrived, the contents of the truck had disappeared. Dayton Man Killed in Auto Accident Fort Dodge, (/P) — Nearly decapitated when he was plunged through the windshield of the automobile in which he was riding, Lloyd R. Peterson, 53, hog buyer of Dayton, Iowa, was killed in an automobile accident Thursday night. The automobile plunged into a ditch on a deadend road just east of here. A. G. Barquist, Dayton, also in the car, was injured. SAME DATE—1M7—Z51 (Bl»«k tl»c mcani tnld* ««*tb to >Mt M h««r»)

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