The Weather Fair, colder tonight. Low 24-30. Sunny, moderately cold tomorrow. High, 61; low, 34: noon, 44. River, $.66 feet. Relative humidity, 51 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXVL—NO. 334 >ss0c/fl(*rf Press Service — AP W/rephoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1955 International News Seme*. 16 Page* 6 CENTS Eisenhower Lauds One Big Union *GOPSolons Disagree On Labor's Role Gold water And Case Clash On Rights lu Political Activity By The. Associated Press A squabble among Republicans over organized labor's political role caught the spotlight'as the newly merged AFL-CIO prepared to hear today from President Eisenhower. •• . . ' Eisenhower had a chance to comment on the situation in an afternoon message-to the first convention of the new labor organization. His .words were to- be. carried by special circuit, from his Gettysburg, Pa., home to the AFL-CIO meeting in New York. Two. prominent Republicans- Senator Goldwater of Arizona and Case of New Jersey—split sharply yesterday over union participation in politics, a subject that's been catching increasing attention within the GOP. Goldwater Denies "Rights" Goldwater, chairman of the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee, told a newsman in Washington that the combined AFL-CIO will have "no right" to endorse a presidential candidate in 1956. He said such an action would be "infringing on the rights of independent and minority members "of their organizations." Case, however, told-a .labor press dinner in New York that unions "have a clear duty to bring before their members the real facts about each candidate, regardless of party." Case, spokesman for a group of Eisenhower partisans in the Senate, described as "hysterical' 1 statements by some members of his party that labor union leaders are trying to take over the Democratic party. Such statements have come from'Goldwater and Senate Republican Leader Knowland of California. Sen. Kefauyer (D-Tenn), a polen- 'tial candidate for the Democratic Mother Flies To Polio Victim Reich Beds Threaten New Berlin Mrs. Nora Prestwich of London, England, comforts, her seaman son, .John, .'17; In : iron lung at Corpus Christi, Tex., hospital. He was stricken with bulbar polio when his ship docked there Thanksgiving Day. The London, Daily Mirror cleared away red tape so she • could fly to Texas. She arrived this morning. (AP .Photolax) presidential"'tio'rmnatiorir also "dis : cussed organized labor's role in politics in a talk at the New York meeting of trade union editors. He said: "Even' if labor so desired, it couldn't hold a stick to the lobbying power, the corruptive .influ- encejari'd the capacity for intrigue that has been demonstrated by the giants of big business ,.." Harrlman In Oklahoma Another possible Democratic nominee, Gov. Averell Harriman of New York, conferred with 50 top Oklahoma Democrats yesterday. He had gone to Oklahoma City for the national convention of Young Democrats. Differing comments on. whether Eisenhower will seek re-ejection came Saturday from Knowland ' and House GOP Leader Martin of Massachusetts, who conferred separately with the President at Get- tyburg on congressional matters. Martin later told newsmen he believes Eisenhower will run again, health permitting, "for the world's sake." Knowland said fie doesn't think the President -has reached a "final decision." Eden Arriving January 30 T Talk With'Ike Cold War Strategy Seen Mapped During Washington Session GETTYSBURG, Pa. HV-Britis Prime Minister Eden wilr'confi with President Eisenhower ; Washington at the end of Januarj The White House announced th today, saying Eden will spend " few xlays_"_in Washington—obviou: ly N to plan cold war strategy,in th light of Russia's return to an open ly belligerent attitude. White House press secretar James C. Hagerty made the fo lowing announcement: "The President of the Unite States has invited the Britis Prime Minister to spend a fe days, as his guest in Washingto at the end of January. This inv :alion has been cordially acceptec The British foreign secretary wi accompany the Prime Ministe and they will arrive in Washingto Jan. 30." Britain's $. Nehru Protest TolJ. S. Seen NEW DELHI, India '(/Pi-Diplomatic sources predicted today that the Indian government will protest to Washington against the joint statement by Secretary of State Dulles and Portugal's foreign minister. . Nehru . refused to comment to Parliament today on the commu- nique 'issued by Bulles and Paulo Cunha, saying he would report on it after his government has received "formal confirmation and taken formal steps." The communique by Dulles and Paulo Cunha was issued Friday in Washington. It denounced statements made by Russia's leaders on their current tour of Asia as an attempt "to foment hatred between the East and West." foreign secretary i rlarold Macmillan, who, with Sec retary of State John Foster Dulle and the French foreign minister recently concluded a fruitless ses sion with the Russians at Geneva. The announcement of the ne\ Washington talks was made whil Eisenhower was conferring her with his special assistant in chargi of shorl-of-war planning, Nelsoi Rockefeller. Hagerty said, however, then was no connection between the Ei senhower - Rockefeller talk ani the forthcoming visit of Sir An thony Eden. British Jetliner Sets New Record SYDNEY, 'Australia W) — Brit ain's new contender for commer cial aviation honors, the Come III jetliner, has made the 11,440 mile flight from Halfield, England to Sydney in just 24 hours 23 min utcs flying time. It left Englanc Friday morning and landed ai Kingsford-Smith Airport here yes terday after slops at Cairo, Bom bay. Singapore and Darwin. Pro peller-driven British airliners nor mally make the flight in three days. Truce In Traffic Ticket Wai- Called By Mayor, Police Head RARITAN, N.J. (ffi-A declared peace settled today over this embattled community where traffic tickets have been the ammunition in a war between police and x motor ists, A stalcmcnl issued jointly yesterday by the mayor and the police • chief said, "There will be a firm endeavor on the part of all concerned to give the citizens of Raritan and the public generally the , protection of a courteous, efficient police department." The statement didn't mention the barrage of tickets the police handed out after their pay raise referendum was defeated in Ihe Nov. 8 election, but the cops rc-j porled fewer violalions of traffic ordinances in recent days. Mayor Anthony Santora, who with the council had taken the part of the public, said with Police Chief Lorenzo Rossi that all differences between the two parties had been "satisfactorily adjusted." Most of the tickets had been for parking on the streets at night without lights. The council said if the police were going to'go according lo the book, so would they, A new set of regulations prohibiting reading comic books on duty, playing radios in police headquarters or using the borough phone for private calls was put into effect Police Alcrtctl In Bus Boycott MONTGOMERY, Ala. Ml — City policemen were. alerled for dut today in the event violence deve^ ops in the scheduled boycott o city buses by Negroes protesting a segregation arrest. Rosa Parks, Negro seamstres: whose arrest last Thursday brought on the boycott,threat, was to be -given':' a hearing in- -Record er's- Court- today'-on^a -charge, p. violating city segregation laws. Boys Discover Body Of Child After 54 Days CRANE, Ind. W) — Three boys ramping through a thicket yes .erday stumbled on the body of Bonnie Weitkamp, 54 days after he 3-year-old boy's disappearance sent 2,500 servicemen and civilians combing the huge Crane Nava Ammunition Depot for 30 hours The body of the tow-headec oungster was found 50 yards north of the depot, where the child's father. Lawrence Weitkamp vorks as an ammunition inspec- or. ' "There's no question about the dentification," Delmar Hasler, : reene County coroner, reported. e said an autopsy was being made to determine how the child led. ' Capt. Robert Dillon, chief state •olice investigator, said a pre iminary check brought out no rea- on to suppose foul play. He said t appeared the boy died of "star- •ation and exposure," but empha- iz'ed the investigation would have o be completed before more p'osi- ive conclusions could be drawn. 'olsom Aide Says U; S. chool Building Backed WASHINGTON wi — A top aide ays' Secretary of Welfare Fol- om's promise that the Eisenhow- r administration will seek "broad- ned and improved" aid to schools' pplies only to building funds. Dr. Herold C. Hunt, undersecre- ary of welfare, said yesterday in radio interview that aid mcas-- res now being considered involve chool construction rather than op- rating expenses. Survey Shows Drop In Total Of Salk Shots Decline Revealed lit Second Vaccination, Three Were Planned : 'WASHINGTON- -I cenWewer youngsters are getting second shots than received the first in the Salk vaccine drive against infantile paralysis. This was indicated in an Associated Press survey, which found at least 3,627,036 children-nationwide have received a second vaccination so far. The first-round to- al shown by the survey was 7,754,354. These figures came from state reports, but actually the second- •ound total is higher because some states had no statistics yet available while others had only incom plete -or estimated figures. Surgeon General Leonard A. Scheele told TV interviewers yes- erday that "chances of not get- ng paralytic polio are improved by almost 75 per cent" through •accination. The national immunization program was launched last spring with he idea of giving a series of three hots to children in the critical age group. The National Founda- ion for Infantile Paralysis provid- d most of the vaccinations, giv< ng them to first, and second-grad- rs. Plans for the third round are till undecided while experts study iow much immunity has already 'een built up. The AP survey disclosed the sec- Seek To Force Their Regime Be Recognized Russia Gives Puppet Government Control Over Canal Traffic By REINHOLD ENSZ BERLIN Wi — Communist East Germany insisted today that ihe question of barge traffic to isolated West Berlin must be handled on a ministerial level by the West German -government. -The Communists thus acknowledged they hope to force recognition of their regime through the new clarhpdown on the water route. So far, West Germany has dealt with the Communists only on the level-of "technical experts," something which does not imply recognition. The Red demand was voiced in Neues Deulschland, .organ of the East German Communist party. Reich Reds Given Power The future' of barge traffic—a vital link in -the lifeline ' of this Communist-surrounded city — was raised over the weekend by the disclosure that the Russians have given the East Germans power to renew or deny applications for the operation of Western - owned barges. The Russians to date have turned back 52 permit applications, saying these must be submitted to East German officials for processing. The Soviet action raised the possibility the Communists might _ try to set up a partial blockade' by cutting off Western barge traffic through the' denial of permits. About 24 per cent of West Berlin's heavy supplies, such as coal, is brought in by waterway From West Germany,' 110 miles"'distant ironr :he city. /..... Despite the continuing controversy over control of the Soviet sector, Mrs. America of 1956 and about 90 other tourists visited East Berlin yesterday in U.S. Army 3uses. No incidents were reported. The'Army runs regular bus lours through the entire city. §i«l Shows Host 'Bedside Manner' Sid Caesar, TV star, applies his best bedside mariner during visit to-his acting partner, Nanette Fabray.'in Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York. She suffered a head injury Nov.'28 when struck by a falling .75-pound scenery weight at studio. ' (AP Photolax). Dixie Senators Seek Say*'Tour "Routine" A spokesman for Mrs. Romona Deitemeyer of .Lincoln, Neb., who was crowned Mrs. America re : cently, described the tour as "purely a routine tourist trip made by the Army all the. time." West German intelligence sources in Bonn reported the Soviet Union has starled to equip the East German air force with MIG15 jet fighters in large quantities. -.WASHINGTON—(ffi-rThree. Senate Democratic leaders, may seek next, "week a policy of "moderation" in'political criticism of, the Eisenhower administration's foreign and de'fense programs. . -Sen.;.Lyndon B. Johnson .(D-Texj, the majority leader,.'has f Arranged to confer 'in; : Atlanta, with Georgia Democratic,.Senatbrsi,C!eQrge''-and ' "~~ r ~ r " ::: ~ ' : L ~ T ~-~.- Russell, -chairmen-'oE'; lhc'!'!Se'n^te nd shot., program has been com- leted in 21 states and is nearly nished in four others. It is still nder way in 21 stales while two thers—Idaho and Massachusetls— re not taking part in the second ound. State health authorities on the verage, estimated about 80 per ent of the children who took the rst shot will gel Ihe second. They dvanced a variely of reasons for dropoff. French Report Algeria Clash PARIS W) — The French News Agency said loday 40 persons were killed in a clash between French troops and nationalist rebels along the Algerian-Tunisian border. The action occurred yesterday at Lamy, Algeria, about 20. miles from the Mediterranean coast, the agency said. The announcement gave no details. It was the worst single incident reported in weeks in the troubled area where assassinations and running skirmishes with nationalist guerrillas have become commonplace during the past year. Frigid Blasts RakeNorthern Border Region ;. By The Associated Press Freezing cold slammed into Hi northern border region today t replace the weekend blizzard tha played havoc with the central an northern plains -area. . The storm, which dumped a much as 16 inches of snow over th prairie area, wheeled yesterda and turned toward Canada. Th snowstorm, for the most part, let a thick-blanket-of snow Saturday n Nebraska, Kansas, the Dakotas Minnesota and Wisconsin. The resulting cold wave plungei temperatures well below zcn across the northern border .section while cohering most of Minnesota Strong, gusty winds accompanict the temperature drop. While Fraster, Colo., Presiden Eisenhower's favorile fishing spot reported the morning's lowest read ing at -20, Minnesota and North Dakota were almost as cold. The warmest portion of the nation was Florida and the immediate Gulf Coast region with readings in the 60s and 70s. rrains'Open Firm CHICAGO l.fl — Most grains pened firm in-fairly active deal- ngs on the Board of Trade today. Six Persons Killed As Train Hits Auto GREENVILLE, S. C.-fINS)Six persons were killed last night when a crack Southern Railway train smashed into a car at a grade crossing near Greenville. All of the occupants of the car except a 10-month-old boy were killed. The infant, Benny Sutton, suffered only minor injuries. No one on the train was injured. Reports Of Hitchcock Disappearance Solved SINGAPORE—(INS)—The "disappearance" of Movie • Producer Alfred Hitchcock, Hollywood's master of suspense, was solved today when it was learned that he had canceled his tour of Singapore and Malaya. Hitchcock had been due in Singapore but apparently flew on to Bangkok because he was behind schedule in his round the world trip. Truman Illness Not Serious, But He Can't Go Out INDEPENDENCE, Mo. (ffl Harry S. Truman has been confined to his home the past three days because of an intestinal illness. Dr. Wallace Graham described the illness as "not serious" and said the former President should be able to go out by Wednesday. His illness was disclosed yesterday at a memorial service for the late Eddie Jacobson, once Truman's partner in a haberdashery business. In a telegram read at the services, Truman said his illness prevented him from, attending. Foreign ; Relations. and . Armed Services committees respectively. Johnson already has warned his party against being "overly parti- sari, overly quarrelsome and obsessed solely with politics." There are strong indications.that George and' Russell agree with Johnson that the limes call for "moderation"—despite what some Democratic presidential -hopefuls are saying.' Governors Averell Harriman of New York and G. Mcnnen Williams approach,' suggesled by Adlai 'E. Stevenson. The three senators wield strong influence on the form of legislation which the Democratic-controlled -ongress may pass .in the election year session. They will have much to say about the kind of record on which the Democratic presidential candidate will have, to run. George indicated in a telephone nterview from his Georgia home Mcaiiy To Head New Labor Federation As Convention Started BULLETIN! GETTYSBURG, Pa. Ml —' President Eisenhower told the newly combining AFL and CIO " (oday ,'hey have a great oppor-. ' tunity to exhibit "Democratic processes" to all the world and "help liberate hundreds of millions" from slavery abroad. Eisenhower urged the hew union.organization—the world's largest*—to , protect the polili- r ' caland other rights of minor!-',' tics withii : their ranks and make sure the views of such. 'groups are "accurately reflected." By NORMAN WALKER NEW YORK Wi—The founding convention .of the newly merged AFL-CIO opened today in colorful and enthusiastic ceremonies; at New York's 7lst RegimenlaP'Ari . mory. ,' ' • -..'••/ .'.•.".;;;•?.'• .Leaders of-'the .former AFL iand GIO,;some long-time rivals bu'tfall now dedicated to work in a single 16 -.million -.member, federation, joined in'singing "The Star Span-, gled Banner." • '•;•;•'• ••'.'* <George : '.Meany and . Waller Reulher, top men respectively-in" the';;-now dissolved separate AFIi and CIO, jointly called the proceedings to order by banging together an over-sized gavel on the rostrum: .- - '-• -~•'•''::. The huge brightly-lighted hall had a 40-foot banner featuring a new AFL-CIO insignia; the red and white stripes of the American flag and the legend "All trades,-' all crafts, all colors, all -creeds—Together!." '" :. .';', Welcomed By Wagner '-'-•' Mayor Robert F. Wagner, in welcoming the 1,400 delegates, said he was encouraged lo see there were only, a few "prophets.-pL doom" on the merger's success. •"We should rfejoice," Wagner said,,..."that most leaders in the industrial life 'of. our country view with great hope what you do here today." ' - -. ...'.. \ He said "Nervous Nellies'.' should read that part of the, new AFL-CIO constitution 'which says the purpose of the merger is' "achievement of ever higher living • and working conditions." '.•'•••••'Most of'the morning session Was set aside for election of officers for the' new organization, with Meany due to be chosen as president. Later in the day, President Eisenhower is expected to lay down of Michigan have criticized" tha£ Republican party policy in a grow- .hat he can't go along with some of the recent rema'rks of both Stevenson and Harriman on foreign affairs. Although he has approved criticism of "inept" Republican actions n the foreign field, he has cau- ioned against involving the "fund- mental principles" of bipartisan oreign policy in the political cam- 'aign. Stevenson, who again wants to cad the Democratic ticket as he id in 1952, said recently that the ree world's position now is "more erilous than it has been since Corea." Harriman, a receptive andidate for the nomination, said ic Geneva conference enabled the Russians to achieve a "major olitical breakthrough." 'rincess Asks Divorce HOLLYWOOD -(INS)- Princess laria Toumanoff, who is also the esigner, Marusia, has filed a suit or divorce against her husband. rince Nicholas : ew York. Toumanoff. of ing debate among GOP leaders over organized labor's role in politics. • Eisenhower planned to speak to the first convention of the newly formed, 16-million-member AFL CIO over a closed telephone cir. cuit '• from his Gettysburg, Pa., farm. . . The: more than 1,400 delegates may hear- what the President, has :o say on, tha issue of how far the powerful new union federation should go in taking political sides. (Continued on Page 2; Col. 3) Board Gives Tech Green Light For Sugar Boivl Game ATLANTA (INS)—Georgia Tech was granted approval today to play Pittsburgh in the Sugar Bowl at New Orleans Jan. 2. The.State Board of Regents' — policy-making authority for Georgia Tech and the University of Georgia — established as a matter of policy that athletic teams from the state may participate in contests outside the slate "within the laws and customs of that state." The action, after a three-day furor, left the athletic relations of Georgia Tech and the University of Georgia exactly where they were before Gov. Marvin Griffin asked for a ban on all participation where segregation was not practiced on the playing field and in the stands, with one exception. Soviet U. S. Troops Defeat Invaders Blasts British Ruler Sin First Atomic War Games Tells Burmese Leaders Russia 'Belongs More To Asia* By HAROLD K. MILKS MANDALAY, Burma Mi—Nikita Khrushchev continued his blis- ring public attacks on Burma's rewar British rulers over Ihe eekcnd. He also told a group of urmese leaders Russia "terri- rially belongs more to Asia" than Europe. Khrushchev, first secretary of e Soviet Communist party, and cmier Bulganin came here from iunggyi. There the party chief so lashed out at "colonizers,"i charging the British had been "silting on the necks" of the Burmese people. Khrushchev renewed his attack on the former rulers of Burma in a speech on the banks of the Ir- rawaddy River after a two-hour cruise.. "The colonizers who have been here interfered with the development of your economy and the development of your culture,", he said. "And they tried to rule you and convince you that it was God, who sent them to rule you. "They made profits while you starved. As representatives of a European nation, we are ashamed about what those other Europeans did before. But not all Europeans think as did the colonizer." Then he reversed his field, termed Russia territorially more Asian than European and linked racialism to European colonization. "They (the colonizers) think if a scheme ol colonization is black, it gave the white man the right to exploit the black," he said. "Let us live together, let us fight together, let us help each other in what we need," he said. "Let us fight together to prevent a new war which is threatening now." 'Bulganin joined in the anti- colonial theme, telling a reception committee, "We greet the spirit of your country to maintain the independence which was won by Ihrowing off the yoke of colonial dcfendence." , FT. POLK, La. Ml — Exercise Sagebrush got the troops out of the trenches in plenty of time for Christmas. The shooting phase of the na lion's first atomic war games end ed last nighl when umpires decided the^Unitcd States troops had sue cessfully turned back an invasion aggressor forces. For more lhan three weeks, 110, 000 Army troops and 30,000 Air Force personnel spread simulated atomic havoc over seven million acres of western Louisiana in the argest war games since World War II. Gen. 0. P. Wryland, commander of Ihe Tactical Air Command and maneuver dircclor, signaled an end of hostilities at 6 p.m. yesterday. Gen. Maxwell Taylor. Army chief of staff, said last night in New Orleans: "There were many things we did not know about weapons developed since World War II. During the exercise we .were able to convert our problems from abstractions to concrete things with which we can come to grips." Used in the maneuvers were the Corporal guided missile, the Honest John rocket, the Matador missile, the Army's 280 mm. alomic cannon and many other new weapons. .'
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