Apollo 11 crew to commemorate '69 moon landing WASHINGTON (AP) - The Apollo 11 astronauts are taking part in Washington ceremonies this weekend to commemorate the fifth anniversary of man's first landing on the moon. Neil A. Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. and Michael Collins planned a news conference today at the Smithsonian Institution, where Collins is director of the Air and Space Museum. It was to be Mowed by a public ceremony on the Mall, with members of Congress, space agency officials and other astronauts participating. On Sunday, the three will go Etiquette on coffee is revealed JIDDA, Saudi Arabia (AP) U.S. Treasury Secretary William E. Simon has been given the word on how to drink coffee in the Middle East. "Custom dictates accepting the cup, which holds about a tablespoon of coffee, with the right hand. To decline further coffee, shake cup lightly as it is returned to server," the U.S. embassy cabled on Thursday before Simon left for Jidda on his Middle East tour. to the Washington Cathedral to help dedicate a space window in which will be imbedded a small chunk of moon rock they brought back to earth. Five years ago today, Armstrong and Aldrin, now an aerospace consultant, took man's first steps on the moon while Collins orbited overhead in the command ship. On Friday, Armstrong, now an aerospace engineering professor at the University of. Cincinnati, presented a plaque honoring the nation's past and present spacemen to President Nixon in San Clemente, Calif. Nixon proclaimed this week U.S. Space Week. Meanwhile, Rear Adm. Alan B. Shepard, the first American in space, announced in Houston that he planned to retire from the space program and the Navy on Aug. 1. Shepard made a suborbital flight aboard the "Freedom Seven" Mercury spacecraft to open America's era in space on May 5, 1961. He became the fifth man to walk on the moon as commander of the Apollo 14 module in 1971 after recovering from an inner ear disorder that kept him from flying for several years. Shepard, 50, said he will become a partner and chairman of the Marathon Construction Co., in Houston. His retirement leaves 33 active members of the astronaut corps. DalluJournal lOlstYEAR NO. 170 FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA 56537 SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc Turks invade Cyprus from and NO BIG RUSH — Avery Davenport ST., 702 S. Oak, takes time out from that nagging old chore of mowing the blankety-blank lawn. His relaxing pose seems to come naturally and frequently, according to one source. Few can fault him for trying to beat the heat, especially this week, which has left most people drowning in their own sweat. (Journal photos by LeAnn Kuntz) sea NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) Bloody fighting raged today in Cyprus on the first day of a massive Turkish invasion by sea and air. Turkish jets bombed and strafed much of the strategic Mediterranean island, including the capital, Nicosia, and the area between Nicosia and Kyrenia, a resort town on the north coast. Airborne troops made at least four drops on the island, three in and around the capital, which is 10 miles inland from air Nixon's rofe in milk subsidy plan defended WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon was swayed by economics and polities, but not by promised campaign contributions, when he decided to boost the milk price subsidy, his impeachment lawyer claims. "Economic and traditional political considerations were the only basis of the decision to increase the price support level," said Nixon attorney James D. St. Clair in a 217-page statement of evidence submitted to the House Judiciary Committee. In another 208-page statement, White House lawyers suggest that Nixon took no part in the settlement of antitrust suits against the International Telephone & Telegraph Corp. The documents were made public by the committee on Friday as it also released volumes describing impeachment evidence against Nixon in those two cases. The milk case involves allegations that Nixon on March 23, 1971, ordered the subsidy increased to 85 per cent of parity Setback is given to Hoffa DETROIT (AP) - James R. Hoffa says a federal judge's decision is just a temporary setback in his fight to regain power in the giant Teamsters union. U.S. District Judge John H. Pratt refused on Friday to overturn a presidential clemency restriction barring the former Teamsters president from returning to union office before 1980. Hoffa planned to run for the presidency of his old Detroit Local 299 in November and then to challenge Teamsters President Frank E. Fitzsimmons for leadership of the 2.2-million member union in 1976. Hoffa said after Pratt's decision was announced in Washington that he would "expedite an appeal" of the decision. He said he hoped the decision would be overturned by late Continued on Page 4 WEATHER FERGUS FALIS AREA in exchange for a pledge of campaign contributions from Assoiated Milk Producers Inc. and other milk organizations. In the position outlined to the committee, Nixon stuck with the stance he took in a statement last January in which he conceded that "traditional political considerations" influenced his decision. Recounting Nixon's meeting with seven.administration officials on the day of the decision, St. Clair said Nixon was told that Congress probably would pass legislation raising the subsidy to 85 per cent of parity. The Agriculture Department had announced nine days earlier that the subsidy would be held at 80 per cent. John B. Connally, then Treasury secretary, "pointed out that politically the President was going to have to be strong in rural America" and that the milk producers' groups could draw on 100,000 farmers "to amass an enormous amount of money which they were going to use in various congressional and senatorial races all over the country to the President's political detriment," St. Clair wrote. Connally predicted that Nixon would lose six dairy states in the 1972 election if he vetoed legislation raising the subsidy. "The President then made the judgment that Congress was going to pass the bill and that he could not veto it," St. Clair said. "The President then adopted a proposal by Connally that a trade-off be made, giving the dairymen an increase in 1971 in return for a promise not to seek an increase in 1972." Discussing Nixon's meeting earlier that day with a delegation from the milk groups, St. Clair said the session had been arranged several months earlier and that the subsidy issue was discussed but "no conclusions were reached ... campaign contributions were not mentioned." As for the ITT case, St. Clair repeated Nixon's position that settlement of the antitrust suits had nothing to do with the money pledged for the Republican National Convention by ITT's Sheraton Hotel Corp. at the time the convention was scheduled for San Diego. Two White House memos referred to it as a $400,000 pledge. ITT says it pledged $200,000. St. Clair asserted, "There exists no testimonial or documentary evidence to indicate that the President had any part, directly or indirectly, in the Continued on page 4 Kyrenia. Fires burned in Nicosia. Greece declared a general mobilization and moved troops toward its border with Turkey, raising the possibility of a direct clash between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization allies. United Nations peacekeeping forces that have been on Cyprus for 10 years were reported trying to arrange cease- fires in some areas. A British forces radio report said fighting had been halted for V'z hours in the Lirnassol area of southern Cyprus while convoys evacuated foreign nationals from Umassol to a nearby British base. Turkish F4 Phantom fighter- bombers hit a mental hospital in Nicosia, killing at least 20 persons and wounding 60, an Associated Press photographer reported. Cyprus Radio, controlled by the military-backed government that toppled the regime of Archbishop Makarios on Monday, reported that six Turkish planes had been shot down. At the request of Greece, the U.N. Security Council was summoned into urgent session in New York to take up the invasion. The Turkish attack early today was six days after the coup, which revived fears by Turkish Cypriots of annexation by Greece. • Turkish planes bombed Greek sections of Nicosia. Fires burned in at least 10 areas in and around Nicosia, the worst at the airport and near a Greek Cypriot camp. Residents huddled in stairwells, basements and other parts of their homes seeking shelter from the fighting. Many held radios to their ears, trying to learn what was happening. In a broadcast six hours after the start of the invasion, Ecevit declared: "The Turkish government did not resort to armed action before all the other means were tried, but to no avail." He said that under treaties, "Turkey is co-guarantor of the independence and constitutional order of Cyprus. Turkey is fulfilling her legal responsibility by taking this action ..." Nikos Sampson, the Greek Cypriot installed as president in the coup that ousted Makarios, broadcast to the Turkish community: "Your leadership is betraying you. In order to cover up its internal weaknesses it is leading you into a grave adventure, from which you would be the losers." In Washington, military officials said seven Soviet divisions had been alerted in western and southern Russia in an apparent show of support for the Turkish side. Pentagon spokesman Jerry Friedheim said elements of the 6th Fleet "will approach closer to Cyprus in order to enhance our capability to evacuate U.S. citizens, should that contingency arise." As the fighting raged, there were these developments: —The North Atlantic Treaty Organization met in emergency session this morning in Brussels on the Cyprus conflict. Both Greece and Turkey are members. —In Athens, the Greek Supreme Military Command went into emergency session to decide whether to go to war against Turkey. -The U.S. 6th Fleet was ordered to move closer to the coast of Cyprus to evacuate U.S. citizens if necessary. —British Royal Air Force units were alerted to evacuate 25,000 British nationals in Cyprus. Against ITT in 7977 Panel: Nixon temporarily halted antitrust action WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon temporarily halted an antitrust action against ITT in 1971 by telling then Deputy Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst to "stay the hell out of it," according to a presidential transcript made public by the House Judicary Committee. Asst. Ally. Gen. Richard L. McLaren made Nixon so furious for his aggressive antitrust policies that the President told Kleindienst on April 19, 1971: " ... 1 want something clearly understood, and if it is not understood, McLaren's ass is to be out within an hour. "The 1T&T thing - stay the hell out of it. Is that clear?" "I don't know whether ITT is bad, good or indifferent," the President went on. "There is not going to be any more antitrust actions as long as I am in this chair." Kleindienst pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor charge for re- Fair to partly cloudy today. Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday with chance of showers or thunderstorms. High today 85 to 92. Low tonight 60s. High Sunday 85 to 90. Chance of rain 30 per cent tonight, 20 per cent Sunday. High Friday 95. Overnight Low 63. At 8 a.m. 66. At 11 a.m. 80. [using to testify fully about the same conversation before a Senate committee considering his nomination to be attorney general. The transcript is included in two volumes of evidence prepared by the committee staff in its impeachment inquiry and released on Friday. Nixon's side of the ITT controversy is in a third volume. Evidence gathered by the Judiciary staff generally sup- Off Page One Helen Hayes may soon reach final performance. Page 7 Goltz credited with win in Twins victory over Detroit. Page 8 ports the President's contention that he knew nothing of the ITT pledge to help support the 1972 Republican National Convention. The President is shown to have consistently argued against filing antitrust suits against conglomerates just because of their size. The April 19 transcript covers a meeting between Nixon, former presidential aide John D. Ehrlichman and then-Director of the Office of Management and Budget George P. Shultz, and a telephone call between Nixon and Kleindienst. In the call, the President told Kleindienst he hoped McLaren would resign — "I'd rather have him out anyway. I don't like the son-of-a bitch." Hanging up, Nixon turned to Ehrlichman and Shultz and said Mcl>aren is "not going to be a judge either. He is out of the God damn government." At issue was an April 20,1971, deadline for the Justice Department to file a Supreme Court appeal against a lower court decision permitting ITT to acquire the Grinnel Corp. Other pending suits filed by Mcl^ren sought to prevent ITT's acquisitions of Canteen Corp. and the Hartford Fire Insurance Co. On July 31, the case was settled out of court, but not before Nixon's decision was reversed and the appeal was filed after a delay in the Supreme Court. McLaren, despite Nixon's declaration, stayed in the Justice Department until Dec. 4, 1971. when he became a U.S. District judge in Chicago. The out-of-courl settlement became a political issue in March and April 1972 after an ITT memo was published linking the court case to a pledge of a political donation by the corporation. ITT says it pledged $200,000, but a White House memo says it was $400,000. In addition to the April 19 transcript, the committee made public for the first time another conversation on April 21, 1971, between Nixon and former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell. Mitchell successfully persuaded Nixon that he should allow McLaren's appeal to go to the Supreme Court, but only for political reasons. He said Solicitor General Erwin Griswold would resign and predicted a Senate investigation of the handling of the case. Continued on page 4 Judge and lawyer develop quarrel during AIM leader trial In St, Paul TO CELEBRATE 103rd BIRTHDAY — Floral tributes from her many friends are arriving at Pioneer Home to honor Mary Burau, formerly of Elizabeth, who will celebrate her 103rd birthday tomorrow. Administrator Mrs. Sam Saure (above left) notes that Mary is a model resident, always pleasant, never complaining, and is mentally very alert. The Ladies Aid of St. John Lutheran Church, Elizabeth, is planning its third annual birthday celebration for Mary at the home tomorrow 8. Minimum 51. afternoon. (Journal photo by June Barnum) Precipitation 21 hours ending 8 a.m. today, none. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum " XIi "' " ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP)-The long, hoi summer has its counterpart in a long, often- heated trial of two American Indian Movement (AIM) leaders. During an outbreak between U.S. District Judge Fred Nichol and defense attorney Mark l,ane Friday, the judge found I-ane in contempt of court. He ordered him hs'e by U.S. marshals during the noon hour. Nichol also wanted an apology. But when court resumed there was no such offer from l.ane. He lold reporters later, "I have nothing to apologize for." He vowed he would take whatever legal action is necessary to purge the contempt. He said in two decades of trial practice, it's the first time a judge ciled him. Further clashes would not be unusual in the seven-month long trial that has seen several eruptions involving some or all of the principals—proseculion and defense attorneys, defendants Russell Means and Dennis Banks, and Nichol. Means, 34, Porcupine, S.D., and Banks. 42, St. Paul, are accused in a Ifr-count indictment with burglary, larceny, assault. ;md conspiracy and other charges. The government accuses them of leading roles in the armed occupation of Wounded Knee, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. Friday morning's .session was frothy as Nichol, during an exchange with defense attorneys, accused Means of three contemptuous acts toward the court within two days. Most irritating to the sioux Falls. S.D., judge—premiding over the case on a change of venue—what he called an "outright lie" told by Means in court. Nichol said he'd checked on Means' excuse for a 15-minute delay in getting to court Thursday. The defendant explained attorney Douglas Hall was late in calling for him at his hotel. Hut Nichol sai'1 Hal! had to wait for Means. l«me's claim that government witness Nancy Hussman bad committed perjury on the stand prompted the first argument Friday. As the morning session closed, Ixine was frustrated when the judge upheld rtlijrrtions bv Asst U.S. Attv R.D. Hurd that the cross-examination was getting far afield. Walking back to defense counsel tables, l,ane remarked, "I have no further questions, your Honor. It's very difficult to proceed." Xichol took that as a slam at his rulings, confirming his feeling later to newsmen. He told l^ne he wasn't going to "sit here and listen to contemptuous remarks like that. I'm going to ask the U.S. marshals to take you into custody over the noon hour." l,ane was ushered out by a l>air of deputies. He told reporters later he'd had a free lunch of corned beef sandwich and milk and "I got 17 minutes off fnr i!o<xl Ijfhiivinr "
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