The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on February 9, 1933 · Page 18
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 18

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Thursday, February 9, 1933
Page 18
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THURSDAY. FEBRUARY 9 ^tutorial $age of JBakets-fteUr Caltforntan ALFRED HARRH1.L BDtTon AND rnorniKTOR , Issued Kvery Kvenlng Except Sunday In Btilterslleld, Kern County, California Entered In post office at Bakcrstleld, California, as sec.ond Has* iriiill mutter under the.Aft of Congress Miirch 3, 18711. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tim Associated PITS." Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of nil news dispatches credited to It. or )iot otherwise credited In this paper, and ulso tlio local news published therein. : The Ciilifornlnn is also a client of the United Tress anil -,he United News nnd receives the complete leased wire i service of both. nary discomfort being emphasized by (be in- clcmcnl weather. If we Imvc u few uncomfortable days here in California during tlio year, or ul least during some years, by comparison we surely liave litllc right to complain. ALL CAN HELP EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Hryant. Griffith & Bninson, Inc. New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON (I), r.l BUREAU Frederic ,T. Haskln, Director, Washington, D. C. j'TMIK Kern County public will be 1 interested j A in Hie plans outlined before. Ibc Chamber tB . r . M . nm ! e entertained at their home TEN YEARS AQO (The (,'«lir<rrnlnti, this d«to, lost) Mrs. James Goodwin and Mrs. Edwiu-d Kelly entertained friends with a smart bridge ten. at the Woman's Club. Mrs. C. A. Barlow nnd her daugh- SUBSCRIPTION PRICE Delivered by currier on mall In postal zones, one, two, tli-ci 1 , per month, fific. IJy mail In postal .'.ones four to eight, per month, S5c THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. S. A. T SHEER NONSENSE mere fact (hat a measure is introduced in the British Parliament providing for the settlement of the English debt for about 10 cents on the dollar, is not, of course, to be taken as representing the demand or c.ven the attitude of the English government, but the expression of Congressman Rainey of Illinois that the proposal is "sheer nonsense" will have, the approval of the American people. It is a remarkable state of mind which inspires an English lawmaker to advocate a reduction of 90 per cent in her country's debt to the United States, and particularly is that true in face of the fact that the four and a half billion which are owing to this country represents less than 3 per cent of the entire English debt. Why it should be expected that the American people make this sacrifice in Hie absence of any demand for the cancellation of bonds held by others is incomprehensible. It is conceivable that in return for certain trade concessions there might be excuse for a reduction in the amount owing us by England, but to offer us a lump sum of 10 cents on the dollar not only assumes that the American people have a small degree of in-, telligence. but it is not creditable to the country making the proposal. The American government had no billions to loan to European countries in their time of stress. It secured the vast sums which were placed at their disposal from the American people. If the nations that received thai wealth do not return it, the debt to the government still cannot be cancelled; it must be paid, and if it is not paid by those who incurred it, the burden must fall upon the people of this nation. And there will be world-wide agreemcnl that the United Slates is in no position to make a donation to foreign countries undo conditions as they now exist. We need al of our resources if we are to find a way out of the troublous situalion which now obtains, and it is indeed sheer nonsense to talk of accepting a 10 per cent repayment upon the moneys loaned to others at their insistent request. i of Commerce, by Lawrence Weill, head of the committee for the celebration of the Wildl'lower Festival this year. More and more, it has come to be recognized that this annual lavish display of nature is a real asset to the county and it is suggested that every reader of this article can contribute some| thing to advance the plans which arc being sponsored in connection with, the coming festival. They can help by disseminating information relative to the celebration, by letter and postal card, and thus assist in swelling the number of visitors during the period when the flowers arc in bloom. They may do this with the full assurance that each visitor will be well repaid for his journey into Kern County, and with the knowledge that all who participate will have given aid directly and indirectly, to every interest that centers here. GUS SCHAMBLIN with bridge. Rains fell over the city again last night, muklng the seasonal total 3.79. With nearly 400 vnlley Rotnrlans and their ladles filling the auditorium of the Woman'H Club building to capacity, the Hotary Club of Bakers- fleld was host lust evening at one of the most succesHful affairs of Its kind over attempted here. Approximately $80,000 will bo spent hero In telephone Improvements by the Pacific Telephone und Telegraph Company this year, according to C. C. dross, the manager. TWENTY YEARS AGO (Tlio Citlirornlui, this dale, 19111) Miss Anna Murphy, assistant post- mlstreHS, has received notice of her transfer to Ocean Park. Mrs. J. W. Crosland entertained the Jolly Five Hundred Club Wednesday ifternoon. P. J. O'Meara Is In San Francisco on a visit. Mrs. S. U Stnncllff of Los Angeles Is here on a visit to her parents, Mr. and Mrs. P. Smith. H. P. Llbby Is In town from Lancaster to spend Sunday with his relatives. Mrs. J. E. Johnson of 827 Pacific street was hostess to her card club yesterday afternoon. T HERE will be county-wide regret at the passing of Cms Schamblin, pioneer merchant of Bakersfleld, and well beloved citizen. A resident here for nearly a half century, he had earned a high place for limsclf in the business world, advancing. From a clerical position to one of the first merchants of the city; and his increasing usefulness as a citizen kept pace with his individual progress. Generous to a degree, he co-operated in every worthy community movement, and unostentatiously he gave aid to those who were less favorably situated than himself. A good friend, a kindly neighbor, his going is a real loss to the community in which he so long resided and which he served with loval devotion. BEGIN HERE TODAY Sholli Shayni, tUnttr, It dliehiried fr«m * new fliy beciuie Marlon Rnndoloh, the it«r, U |»loui »f her. Sheila Martini tor work and finally itcurts a iirt In a miiiltal ihew soon t» it on tiur. Dick Stanley, rich and otelally prominent, aski her to live u« thl< Jak and marry him but Sheila refuiet. Her Idea of marriage li a home In >eme Ittle town tar trim Broadway. Sheila U friendly with Jim Blalne, another neter.ln the temaany from which the wai dli- charted. When Jim elfendt Mln Randolih ' quite unintentionally the atki Crali Abbott, whe It baeklni the <htw financially, to dlt- eharae Jim. Abbott, tired of Marlon and her domandi, |tei te tee Jim and threuih him tecurei an Introduction to Sheila. A t«* daye l»'«r shtlla heart that Marlon li tut of the thew. Abbott taket her to tea and offiri her the part Marlon had. Sheila layt the deet net want It. Then Abbott aiki her te marry him. Sheila rofuiei, knowing Abbott It not In love with her. A few days liter the road eomiany tett eut en their tour. Dick takei Sheila to the train. NOW 00 ON WITH THE STORY THIRTY YEARS AQO (Tho California:!, this due, 1003) Town Marshall Fan-Is Is protecting the row of trees just planted on Union nvenue. K. Rousseau and J. P. Leston have opened their new law business In Bnkersfleld. The Kern County Wool Growers Association met today In the K. of P. Hall with T,. v. Olcese presiding, and 25 present. O. O. Mnttson has the oldest harness shop In Bakersfleld, an establishment which was begun In 1873. The Shamrock well. No.* 3 at Mc- KlUrlek Is flowing 2000 barrels a day. Prank Warner Is In Mojtive visiting relatives. CHAPTER XXIII Sheila slipped Into the routine of the road tour with alacrity. Still there were difficulties. She was a principal without the aloofness of a principal. Nor was she of the chorus. Her salary made It unnecessary for her to sklrnp along as the girls In the ensemble did. All this made life rather lonely for her. For company she turned to Jappy. Jappy was a chorus girl who had won her name for obvious reasons. She had been a dancer, billed as an oriental half-caste, an appelatlon which her slanting eyes did not belle. Actually Jappy, born Mildred Cross, in Passalc, New Jersey, was thoroughly American. She was In the chorus now because she could find no better Job. Sheila liked Jappy. Even when she had believed the press agent's talo that the other girl was half Japanese, Sheila had been drawn to her. They were in a small city in Pennsylvania. It was Friday and they were to play there two nights, making a jump on Sunday for another spilt week. Jappy shared the chorus dressing room. Sheila missed that a little. Girls, laughing and gay, at long dress- Ing shelves, mirrors, and cretonne covered chairs all about. She liked the crowded, brightly lighted rooms with knots of girls, dressing, powdering, flexing, scolding, rustling. Sheila's dressing room was half as largo as that. Into which the 30 chorus girls were crowded. 'Her costumes hung, as always, against a' sheet along the wall. She, Invited Jappy to Join these quarters. But .lappy shook her head. II would "get her In wrong" with the rest of the girls, she said. They would consider her "high hat." However, after she had dressed, Jappy frequently would leave the gaiety of the dressing room and seek Sheila's, later she moved 4n. A month Neither one of them was Included in any of the chorus' affairs—little .parties given after the show—or In those given by the other principals. .Ralph McKee, the comedian, llkod Sheila. "Going out with him tonight?" Jappy asked. "I though't 1 might." "Alone?" "I suppose so. Why?" Jappy sighed. "I hope you aren't hungry. He'll buy you crackers and milk." Later Sheila understood this. McKee had definite ideas about diet and crackers and milk were his prescription for cyery 111. "I understand you turned down a chance to work In New York," was one of the first things he said to Sheila. They were seated at a table In a restaurant that remained open until late. Sheila watched McKee's hands— long and slender—as they crumbled crackers Into a bowl of milk. He had ordered a steak for Sheila. She needn't diet, he said, just because he did. His humorous little eyes regarded her across the table. Sheila had heard that McKee had a wife and five daughters some where on Long Island. He made an excellent salary and he was the show's best drawing card. "T did," Sheila admitted. ''I don't like to play In New York and I love the road." * • • McKee sighed. "But don't you know- that a season there with your name In electric lights would give you a chance on the road later with a better salary? You could be a headllner instead of Just one step up from the chorus as you are now." NEWS BEHIND THE NEWS -(Cofyrliht McClure Newspaper Syndicate)- RANDOM NOTES WASHINGTON By PAUL MALLON BRIBERY—Nobody buys or sells Things are congressional votes, never done so crudely. Some con- ANOTHER BIT OF EVIDENCE 0 N MARCH (5, on invitation of President- elect Roosevelt, the governors of the several stales will convene al the White House to map a program in a nation-wide drive lo bring hack that prosperity which Ihe country once enjoyed. The new chief executive will not only present such problems as taxation, federal aid for unemployment, mortgage foreclosures, reforestation and, broadly, governmental reforms, but the governors, themselves, will be urged lo present their views for consideration in the nation-wide program designed to relieve the present distressing situation. The very movement itself is calculated lo contribute something lo Ihe restoration of faith in the future. Unquestionably out of the conference will come a program of value to the people, Jind beyond thai, wo have in the plan another evidence' of thai leadership.which is so essential in Hie work of rehabilitation. i I BY COMPARISON T I1KHH is grumbling throughout Ihe slate because, the last couple of nights have been cold. The thermometer actually went down to Hie twenties in Ihe interior of Ihe slate and in the country south of Tehachupi, and citrus fruit growers were forced to smudge lo prevent damage to their crops. And so we grumble. But on the other side of the Rockies a bli/.- y.ard bus been raging Avhich swept Ihe entire It is both significant and gratifying that, despite the stagnation that has overtaken the great industry of the West Side, the enrollment in the Taft Union High School and Junior College has reached its all time peak, the total number of students in those inslilu- tions being 1223. That is indisputable evidence of stability in the oil town, and with the "maintenance of those figures, we may well wonder what the attendance will he in the saine schools when (here is a revival of Ihe oil industry—and sooner or later there will be a revival. «: * * Every person who now owns an automobile and every person who ever owned one expects to purchase another some lime. There are 23,000,000 cars in use in Ihe Ignited States, and with no replacements, it is possible that al the end of five years there will be a market for as many cars as are now in service. That ought lo make it good' gressmen have been Influenced! by gifts of stock from corporations, but i-iish is never used In these modern days cif finesse. Sergeant-ait-Arms Barry of the Senate was only doing a little magazine romancing when he wrote "there are cinly :i few crooked congressmen In AVashlngton who would sell their vote and they are well known." Barry handles u real estate business on the side. Business has been bad recently. He took to magazine writing a ml found his stories had to bo sensational to sell. That appears to be about all there was behind his charge. An actual story of vote-Influencing th;it (it-cured within the last few years will give you an Idea about how those things are really done. Names '"innot bo used because a district attorney let the poor congressman go without trial after he was indicted. you have. Prosecuting authorities found that, out and let him go. As a whole Congress Is thoroughly honest, inside and out., Members are usually very strlcl about accepllng gralullles because It puls them at the mercy of the giver. Lobbyists like nothing betler than to get something on a member in that way. Only fools lay themselves open to such an Inanity. In cases like that It Is almost Impossible to obtain conclusive evidence. The real trouble with Congress Is not that votes are bartered for cash, but under political pressure from organized minorities. * • • R ELIEF-FINANCE—The R. F. C. is pulling all possible inner-wires to stop a congressional Inquiry. It appears to be thoroughly aroused. A board member privately confessed to a congressman that the corporation was "fooled" on the loan to the Union Indemnity Company. He claimed the corporation Itself was conducting an Inquiry Into the matter and might take action. For that reason he asked Congress not to take steps then. itate. This was done only a few days Before the Senate voted on renewing lirmall contracts. McKellar and Glass voted against continuing existing airmail expendl- The confession comes from his own | There are strong indications the cor- for the manufacturers of automobiles, and | have a druwins account. incidentally for business generally. For . . * , .. . . r .. nyniK niniHcn uu«iouiiu ne cuui« certainly we cannot stimulate one of the write checks tor $500 on the drawing llps. He was a skilled laborer In a small eastern town. Tho political boss of the town saw him pass a hotel on« day and called him in. The boss said: "My boy, I am going to send you to Congress," and he did. The congressman had no experience in politics or anj-thing else, except glassblowing. Kvetitually he became chairman of a committee which had Jurisdiction over certain real estate matters. Tho heart of a large real estate promotion firm came to him and asked for tin- use of his name as a director of the company. He saw the names of some other politicians on the directorate and finally consented. He \V;IK to receive no salary but was to I Ills wife liked bridge and poker, and always lost. He did a little highflying himself after he .found he could 'ount and get away with U. . . . i . . -11 i «ii t nc'-ouni ami K ( M. uwiiy wuci u. greatest industries 111 the COUlllry WltllOllt The end of his pleasant dream came benefiting industry as a whole. when officials of the eluding himself were company Indicted for * * The folly of raising lax rates on incomes i : and inheritances for the purpose of obtaining additional revenue is emphasized by what has happened in Ihe mailer of inheritances here in California since the depression, overlook the country. For the final six months of the last fiscal year the stale collected $.'>.() 18,-J20 in taxes from that source as against $7,000,000 for (he same period in UKH and $10,000,000 in 1!)30. This represents a loss of 188 per cent in a period of two years. Property values nil along the line .art- down; they are down because earnings are down. That is (rue whether the property be urban or rural, whether it be rental properly within Ihe. cily or productive farm land. And not only that, bill the value, of securities of nearly every description has shrunk. And so inheritance taxes have diminished,' and necessarily Ihe state receives a lessened income. fi-flud. Ik- had no more Idea about | what thu company was doing than poration was also fooled on a number of other loans. It also did some fooling on its own account. That Is the only possible excuse for the way It misled congressional Investigators on the Dawes loan. They were informed all along that General Dawes took only one-third of his J90,000,000 loan. Months later they learned he got It all. The deception was usec! to stop an inquiry at the opening of Congress. Now It Is proving to be a boomerang. A IRMAJL—The air lines tried some A neat strategy on the Senate—but it failed to work. The two most outspoken opponents of airmail expenditures are Senator McKellar of Tennessee and Glass of A'lrglnla. There were no Important airmail lines in their districts. Glass once said he did not see why letlers hart to go so fast. An air line lobbyist conceived the idea of putting a line Into their lerrl- tory. Arrangements were announced for Ihrlce-a-week service to Ijynch- burg, Va., (homo town of Senator Glass) and Knoxvllle and Nashville two importanl elites in McKellar'ri By DR. FRANK McCOY A*, WHEN TO USE HOT WATER APPLICATIONS I stated in yesterday's arllcle, the application of warm or hot water relaxes contracted muscles und lii-iiigs u larger amount of blood to the affuuted region. Muny ordinary pains may b« soothed by thu application of moist Ill-lit. Warm applications may also prove, of value -in bringing about u temporarily Inert-used ,skln elimination iinil in dissolving hardened milmlancvM which limy be. cuuslng'dis- comforl. .linn- uri) some of the special types of liol w.-iier treutinent.t: llul iipiilli-alloiiH consist of largo bath luwi-ls. folded uiul wrung oul of hot. water, and llu-n placed on tho pu- lli-ni'.s skin. are generally covered with dry clothes to prevenl chill- Ing. It is well to wring oul a second towel and have it ready to apply immediately wlii-n Mm first is removed. (Jreiit euro must. • be, lined not to havo the towels hot enough to burn the .skin. They should bu changed every time they become- cool so that it continuous moist huat Is applied. This tiiMlincnt often gives ef In ab- Whal is true with reference to the in- country from Ihe Clreul Lukes to Texas, und|heritance tax is equally true of the incpme '28 deaths are directly attributable lo Iliejiax. Thus the absurdity of seeking lo storm. Sub-zero temperatures are recorded!finance government through increasing Ihe everywhere, in a do/en stales traffic is at a; taxes of the "rich," is plain. II was an easy standstill, the schools of the city of Chicago!way to get money when the country was Avere forced lo close, and transportation lines! prosperous, when values Avere high and earn- have been kept open with great difficulty.lings from investments were steadily increus- \Vorst; still, thousands of unemployed, homo- ing. But reversing that situation, the busi- less men, and very often women, suffered acutely during the stormy days, their ordi- ness of collecting taxes from such sources is likewise reversed. ilimilnal crumps dnu to indigestion, M.'i'.s, or when used over the buck for backache, sclatlcu, lumbago, etc. Smaller towels may bo used In the same way to relievo pain In more limited regions us In sprains and throat trouble. Hut. Sitz baths consist of sitting In very warn) water about 10 or 12 Inches in depth. Tho hot water should be added until the heat Is us great as cun be borne. This bnlh generally hints from 10 to 20 minutes. It very valuable in Increasing tho circulation of lilood through tho pelvic region and is vury beneficial In cases of p'tlnful congestion in the organs and tissues of the lower abdomen. Hot tub bathu are useful for relieving pain due to muscular soreness from ovcrexerclse and in treating convulsions. They should not be used too frequently as they may produce weakness. Sweut baths, when taken at homo, consist in hiivlng the patient Inko n liul tub bulb fnr 10 or 16 minutes. He is then wrapped In several woolen ! blankets, securely covered, given hot , leiiionudu to drink and should have a lot water bottle placed at his feet. I'hls treatment usually Induces a good sweat and may be used whenever it s necessary to increase skin ellmina- ilon. Those wIlU Influenza or feverish colds find It helpful, although chilling afterward must be avoided by taking the patient out of the sweat bath into i warm room, drying him well and returning him to bed with dry blankctn. woolen Hoi foot baths are often used for NEW. YORK By JAMES McMULLIN PVEPRESSION—Ramsay MacDonald's L* intimates In London expect him to visit AVashlngton early In the new administration—but not to talk debts. That would be impractical at the moment. Ways and means of lifting the depression are likely to be uppermost for discussion. Little can be done definitely until a readjusting of tariffs tias furthered a resumption of trade. The flow of trade will alleviate the depression and create conditions under which "the debt situation should be manageable. Scotch logic finds that sequence attractive: • » • T7NGLAKD—England Is still piling up *-* gold credits. Officials are silent on details but more than 58 million dollars has been bought or earmarked for British account from the United States in the past two weeks. • • • • U TILITIES — The projected New York state legislative Investigation of the Morgan utility groups—with special attention to Consolidated Gas and Its New York City subsidiaries— has all the earmarks of a neat whitewashing act. x The resolution to investigate was Introduced by Senator Klelnfeld of Coney Island. He Is known as a faithful and obedient Tammany wheel horse. He once' Incurred the wrath of the Citizen's Union by sponsoring a city planning bill which he afterward enthusiastically helped to kill. The point Is that Tammany and the utility Interests in question are far from mutually hostile. Their close relations over a period of years have bonefitted each other—If not the public. There could be no possible advantage to either In busting up this era of good feeling. • • • A DVISERS—The Senate committee •*»• will get an earful of anti-inflation talk from the New York bankers on the list of 52 notable citizens to tell how to have the country. Aldrich. Reynolds and t.amont have strong convictions on the subject. Harrison of the New York federal Reserve sticks to his credit Inflation policy but Is dead against maneuvers with the currency. The bankers chosen represent Morgan, Baker and John D. Rockefeller Interests. National City's absence— in view of Its prominence In the financial picture—Is the outstanding subi.-ci of comment. The dearth of technical economists Is also noted. One of the New Yorkers will suggest an embargo on gold exports (but not abandonment of the domestic gold standard) as a means of com- batting the trade Inroads of England und Japan. "Ho regarded her thoughtfully. "1 wonder if you know that your da'no- 'ng is extraordinary?" "Of course." "I mean It! It's too gootl for the sort of part you have—at the rate they're paying you. Go back to Now York and try to land that chance to play Broadway again. That's my ad- vlco!" .Sheila told him, "I have a contract to play 40 weeks." "Well, 40 weeks Isn't foreven. Save your money then and go back later. It's the only way to get ahead." McKee, Sheila knew, was playing the road at a handsome salary. He was a headllner. She was Just a dancer—not good enough for Broadway, managers might conclude, simply because they hadn't seen her there. "I'll see about it," she told him. McKee 'offered more advice. "You ought to get married," he grunted. "It's not right for a girl like you to shift for herself." Tho comedian might have been her father from Hie way ho talked. Sheila wondered what it would have been like to play In a company with her own father. She felt suddenly very much alone. And for several days this talk with Ralph McKee stayed In her mind. She talked it over with Jappy and they agreed to save their money. They decided to do their own washing, to eat in cheaper restaurants and room together. "Let's go In for exercise, too," suggested Jappy, as though the strenuous dance routines they went through nightly—and on matinee days In the afternoons as well—were not exercise enough. • • • In trim suits and smart hats Jappy and Sheila went for long, brisk walks each morning. "Did you ever live In a small town?" Jappy asked one day. "I've never lived anywhere," Sheila said significantly. "I was born on the stage—practically—and I may be a queer sort of trouper but I want a home like one of these." "Well, I had one," returned the other girl. "And do you know these girls would give their eye teeth to have jobs like ours? I'd like, though, just for a little while, to be In u room I didn't expect to leave In a few hours. I'd like to feel I didn't have to worry all the time about money, too." "Some of them probably worry about money, Jappy." "It Isn't the same. They don't go to sleep wondering where the price of a meal next, day Is to come from. They don't know anything about that." "No. But they don't stand a chance of earning $300 or $400 a week next season either. It all evens up." "Maybe." Jappy's voice was listless. And suddenly It occurred to Sheila that her friend's day of triumph had passed. A year ago Jappy had been a featured player, stopping the show with her specialty dance. Now she was in the chorus and would probably stay there. It happened so often in stage life. There was Marion Randolph, for Instance. Oh, yes, the stage had Its dis- llluslonments. Sheila determined she would not let it enslave her. To get out of It was the best plan. But could she? Down deep in her heart did she really want to? Ralph McKee met her at the door of her dressing room that night. He was holding a New York newspaper which he thrust toward her. "Did you see this?" he asked. Marion Randolph had committed suicide. (Continued tomorrow) •» «* By FREDERIC J. HA8KIN Did you ever wrlto a letter to Prcderle J. Rat- klnr You can aik him any queitlon of fact and (Ot tho «n«wtr In a perional letter. Here li a Brent ntucatlMitl Idea Intnxlured ints the llrei at the raojt Intollltent people In the world—American newspaper readert. 11 It • part of that belt purpoio of a nowipaper— eervtce. There li no charge eicept 3 cento In coin or itamti! for return pottage. Do not uio poitcanli. Aildrew Fredorlc'J. Haikln, Director, Tlio Jla»ier»fleld Callfomlan Informatlom Bureau, Wellington, D. C. Q. What Is tho Wara system!— -t 0. W. R. • A. The Wara ay/stem Is in operation in Beveral communities in Germany, the object being to try the use of some scrip for money. This scrip Is used by the Barter Association. One wara equals 100 "cents," and costs one relchsmark. Waras are accepted as cash by members of the association and can be redeemed at exchange stations for 1 per cent. Tho word is probably derived from the German "ware," meaning "goods." Q. How many cigarettes were produced in the United States In 19327— F. F. C. A. The bureau of Internal revenue) reports that 113,464,052,890 cigarettes were tax-paid last year. . Q. Was a platinum medal presented to President Hoover?—G. S. A. The first platinum medal struck by tho United States government was presented to Herbert Hoover, President of the United States and chairman of the United States Georgo Washington Bicentennial Commission. On the observe- Is a head of George Washington and on the re- verso a symbolic figure of Liberty and the Inscription, "Proclaim Liberty Throughout the Land." Q. What proportion of the people whose names got Into Who's Who in America are college graduates?—L. L. A. Over 73 per cent of those listed are college graduates, und over 85 per cent attended college. Q. What Is meant by "hinterland"? E. B. A. It means "back territory." The term came Into general use a; the time of the partition of East Africa between Germany and England In isno. The doctrine of the hinterland Is based on the claim of German diplomats that when a power takes possession of a strip of sea coast Its rights extend Inland Indefinitely or until Its territory reaches the recognized boundary of some other power. Q. What Is tho national flower of Australia?—L. H. A. The unofficial floral emblem of tho Australian commonwealth Is the golden wattle, one of the many Australian species of acacia. Q. What Is the name of the famous gold mine In Helena, Montana?—F. T. A. The Last Chance Gulch traverses the city. Mere than $30,000,000 worth of gold has been taken from It. Q. Who executed the gargoyles at Princeton?—-N. S. • A. Uutzon Borglum. They are termed "masterpieces of ugliness." VIEWPOINT OF THE READERS EDITOR'S NOTE: Tile Clllfornlan will print letters from readers. Huch letters must be confined to 150 words, written legibly and on • ono side of the paper. They must be bona- flilely stgneiT by the writer with complete address given, which will bo published. No anonymous communication will be printed. N This ls emphatic. The Callfomlan reirrree the right to reject uiy or all manuscripts and Is nut responsible for sentiments contained therein. relieving headaches, congestion through tho nose nnd throat und' for overcoming nleeplfis»iiPB8 as they at- tnict tlie congested blood away from tile head Into the lower limbs. Warm poultices uru valuabln homo remedies to. use when one desires to bring about a more rapid disr-liurgc of E ns from an Inflamed region, us for ringing bolls or carbuncles lo u head or for bringing about the expulsion nf small splinters or thorns. Spread out a thin sterilized piece 'of gauze, much larger than the poultice Is to bo, and In the co.ntcr pour some hoi thick mush of corn meal, flax seed, bread, potatoes, etc. Whichever of these Ingredients is used, It should be boiled for about 10 minutes and then allowed to cool so as not to burn the skin. Fold Ihe cloth over this much and tie the warm poultice over the desired area. , Alternating hot and cold treatments, using first the hot followed by the cold, are of benefit In si>ccial conditions. For example, when there Is a wound or inflamed urea in the fool or hand, the part may bo kept In hot water for 10 minutes, then In cold for I minute, ullfrnating nnlll relief Is fell. Thin may IIP continued for several hours and Is often of value in causing wounds to open and drain. Alternating hot and cold showers of the spine may be used when it Is desirable to stimulate the nerve centers of Ihe spine, as, for example, in par- Hal paralysis. Tomorrow's arllcle: How to Ust Cold Water Applications, . ^ Qusitlens written by reidert sf The Cilllef- nltn, iddreiMd te Or. Frink McCoy. «M Biuth Ardaor* ivenut. Lti Anieles, 'will In at. ivered. Incline »lf-sddreiied stinted •nteltft. The sales tax Is a "painless" tax. And that is why It Is a dangerous tax. It operates 'like creeping paresis, like monoxide ifim. The taxpayer Is not conscious that he Is paying.—I*. S. Senator Thomas P. Gore (Democrat, Oklahoma.) Wayward girls are harder to reform than bad boys, but girls are more apt to tell the truth In court.—Judge John F. Geckler of Marlon County Juvenile Court, Indianapolis, Ind. They asked me what I was study- Ing and I told them I was checking the equlllberal reactions of semi- permeable membranes. *-George Cole, ace agent of the federal prohibition staff In Cleveland, Ohio, explaining how he procured liquor from drug- glbts. A MATTER OF MONEY! Editor The California!!: For three years past it has been dinned Into our ears that prosperity was just around the corner, though none of our leaders seemed familiar with tho map, knew where the Promised Land was, which corner to turn, or how to get there. Instead there has been talk, talk, talk of inflation, deflation and re- flation. Today technocracy -has come to the fore, Its promotora preaching salvation by adopting as money Ihe "energy unll." In Ihe past various moneys havo circulated. There have been shell, iron, copper, bronze, silver, gold, and paper currencies; the last five existing simultaneously in Great Britain. There bank notes in variety, from five to five thousand dollars, were Issued by many institutions, supplemented by mint coinage of golden guineas, sovereigns, half sovereigns, silver crowns, half crowns, florins, etc., and copper or bronze pennies, etc. All these served for hand to hand exchange, buying or selling. But for the bulk of transact Ions private paper was the medium, hank checks, bills of exchange, promissory lotes, etc.; and for the settlement of these In the London Hankers' Clearing House not a cent In any of these currencies changed hands. Simply at tho end of tho day's business each bank received a transfer either to or from his clearing house iiccount with the Hank of Kngland: Urn real point was that tiicro hud been delivery of goods— sales made, and settled to the satisfaction of both seller anil buyer. The checks or bills would enable tho receiver to obtain the goods of Ihe kind he needed. The same melhod remains In vogue loday. No additional currency Is needed. Years ago Germany tried currency Inflation to such an extent that It took a wheelbarrow loud of It to buy a box of cigars. No mailer how many quadrillions or quinlrllllons were In circulation the poor man was nol en- rlehed the least bit, for Ihe few paper marks he could (jet were practically worth nothing. Similarly Inflation of our currency will not bring prosperity from 'round any corner. Just the reverse! If by any mischance one dollar becomes of less worth than another It IK the hand of the toller flrsl receives that depreciated dollar. Congressmen! Don't add to our troubles by Inflation! EDWARD BERWICK. Q. When did the present movement toward the founding of a homeland In, ,1'ttlestiiie for tho Jews begin?—C. C). N. A. It began to be taken seriously in Great Britain In 1916. In 1917 Sir Arthur Balfour sent to Lord Rothschild the declaration of the British policy of founding a homeland for Iho Jews. Franco concurred in this February, 1918; Italy, May, 1918. President Wilson publicly expressed his satisfaction the same year. In 1922 resolutions associating the United slates with the policy were embodied In the declaration of both Houses of Congress. The delegation of Zionists which appeared before Ihe Peace Conference In Paris, February 17, 1919, presented Iheir projecl for rehabili- tatlon. In April, 1924, the Supreme Council of the Allies at its meellng In *an Remo, formally agreed lhat Palestine should be placed under a British mandate nnd that Great Britain should be responsible for carrying Balfour's declaration into effect. Q. How many are employed dl- reelly and Indlreclly In the manufacture of automobiles?—N. K. A. There are 4,030,000 persons normally so employed. Q. When was tho term "industrialism" first used?—R. L. A. It was first applied by Saint- Simon and his followers to the "modern regime." Q. Has anyone In tho United States as many inventions credited to him as Edison has?—A. W. M. A. Thpmas A. Edison received more than 1000 patents and 1s regarded as the most prolific of American Inventors. John F. O'Connor has been granted over 850 since 1904, and Doctor EUhu Thomson, Carleton Eli UK, and Doctor Reginald Fesscnden, each has over 600. Q. What does the word, Latin, come from?—B, I*. F. A. It came from tho name of sv country In Italy, Itaium. A THOUGHT • that lovetth not knoweth not Cod; for Ood Is .love.—I John 4:9. « * • Honor's a Inuso for life to come.— Samuel Butler. JUST CAREFUL Mother—As Boon as you're asleep tho angels will come Into your room to guard you. Small Son—Oh, well, take my chocolates off the dressing table and put them under my pillow, please!—Pausing Show. Al Today's 1773-WiUiam Vlenry Harrison born. 1*14 -Samuel Tijdett ' easier to ten ws\y the wind b

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