BLYEHEVILEE COURIER JNEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIV—NO. 88 Blytheville Daily Newi Vduittlppl Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JULY T, 1948 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVB CENTS Fighting Flares Anew Near Haifa In Spite of Truce Observer for UN -^ Reported Killed in ^ Mine Ixplosion By Walter Collins (United Frtst Staff Correspondent) CAIRO, July 7. —(UP)—Count Police Bernadotte demanded final decisions today on an extension of the Palestine truce which already »'a s crumbling with a pitched battle reported South of Haifa and a United Nations observer killed In i mine explosion. The 28-day truce expires Friday Both aides were girding for renewed fighting. Bernariotte, the UN medi- ilor who negotiated the truce, was shuttling between the Arabs and Jews in hope or getting a new lease on the uneasy peace. Tel Aviv dispatches reported bloody struggle going ou arounc Tirth on the Half»-Tel Avli highway. The armistice re strlctions apparently had been cas. •side. A UN source reported that ai observer Was not allowed to go to the .scene. French UN ObKrver Killed A French truce observer for th. UN, commandant Rene LaBarrier died of wounds suffered in a min gjtast near Afoula while investlgat Wtig an alleged violation of th armistice by Jewish forces. It wa the UN's first casualty in Palestine Another French officer, Com mandant Du Moustier de Canch was wounded in the leg, and an in terpreter was injured slightly. OF sources reported that the thre were proceeding toward the Jewisi lines. They halted their Jeep an waved a white flag. The explosio occurred while the Jeep was su 11 ing still. The Jews hurried to th scene, gave all possible aid. an provided transport. Tel Aviv reports said the fightin at Tireh was touched off whe Iraqi troops, who had entrenche themselves in ths Aeiuiurea dur ing the truce, converged on camp evacuated by the British in the withdrawal from' the country. Jews Capture Tireh? Out report said the Jews cap A.ured Tireh, but gave It up und ^Jraqi pressure. Col. Thorde Bode, chief UN true observer, was unable to pass through Tireh by automobile. He had to return to Haifa and fly to Tel Aviv. v ( ,,-•;-• V-n i '-"••»•' UN L source'£* L repbrtecr ihatrsJme- where along the highway in the same area pvt. Robert Lee Ridgeway of the U. S. Marine Corps, a chauffeur for the UN mission, was fired on. He ran into three inen who fired at him. and when he failed to halt his truck they blasted the windshield with machine gun fire. Ridgeway was reported unhurt. Bernadotte flew here yesterday from Tel Aviv, where he had consulted officials of Israel. He was seeing leaders of the Arab League, and expected t o leave today for Haifa and Tel Aviv to get Israel's reply to his proposal for a truce extension. Kerr Leading Senate Race Jn Oklahoma OKLAHOMA CITY, July 7. (U.P.I —Former Gov. Robert S. Kerr, a staunch supporter of President Truman, piled up a huge iPad today lor the Democratic Senatorial nomination in Okahoma. Kerr, fl millionaire oilman, faces a run-off primary with the second- place candidate chosen In yesterday's primary. Friends of Mr. Truman could take the results of tne Oklahoma voting as cheering news, for Kerr capitalized on attacks from Gomer Smith and eight other opponents who criticized his friendliness with the national administration. Returns from 3,052 out of Oklahoma's 3,698 precincts ted ay gave Kerr 102.953 votes to Smith's 56.095, Trailing without a chance of gaining runoff positions were Ally. Gen, Mac Q. Williamson, pension Advocate Oia J. Fox, Rep. Glen D. Johnson, D.. Okla., and four others. Rep. Ross Rizley. completing his Eighth year in Congress, held a tremendous lead for the Republican Senatorial nomination. Only three Republicans ever have served in the Senate from Oklahoma. ruman Has No Plant o Attend Convention, ret* Secretary Say* WASHINGTON, July 7. (UP) — resident Truman has not decided et whether he will attend the Dem- cratlc National Convention at Phll- delphln next wed:, White House ress Secretary Charles G. Hoes said oday. Ross told a news conference that o arrangements have been made lar (or Mr. Truman to attend. "After all, the convention i* icme- kne away," Ross said. louncilApproves AT&T Proposal Right-of-Way Granted For Co-a^ial Cable Through the City Councilman meeting in sp- session in City Hall last night passed an ordinance authorizing American Telephone and Telegraph Co of Arkansas to lay part ot a St I/>uis-to-Memphis co-axial cab'.< through Blytheville. The cable is being laid by AT an- T to improve long distance tele, phone service in Eastern Arkansa by replacing existing lines fo through service" in many instance, and thus permitting use of th; present lines lor "short haul" ser vice. Although the cable will be'usei for transmission of telephone me. c . sages, it could be used in the fu ture for television network trans mission. 11 also can be used fo telephoto transmission. In other action last night, th aldermen discussed a resolution take over rent payments on fir hydrants made by Swift and Co Oil mill before the firm's locatio: was brought into the city limits b a County Court annexation ordi that followed ratification of a ci^ ordinance in the April municlpa election. Final action on the resolution wa delayed until the regular counc meeting next Tuesday night so the Swift and Co. and Fire Departmei representatives could check on th accessability of the hydrants both. To Act on Bus Franchise It also was indicated last nigh that the long-pending bus frat chise issue may be settled at lie. Tuesday's regular council meetin The issue of granting a new fra chise to replace the one that ex pired Sept. .TO .last" year has bei hanging, fire-since then and the councilmen agreed last night that .hey want to "get the miuter behind them." The amount of prov- ilege tax to be charged the franchise-holding transient company is one oi the major decision to be made in the issue. iMayor E. R. Jackson said during the meeting that the sharp curve on West Highway 18 at the end of the 21st Street will be broadened by lillin gthe inside of the curve with concrete. This work, which will alleviate one of the sharpest turns in Mississippi County on this narrow' highway, is expected to begin next week. Mayor Jackson said. The wor.s: will be done by city labor and with city funds, he said. The cable to be laid through Blythevilte by AT 4; -jr- will begin at the proposed repeater station wntlrr construction at the North end of Second Street and run South to the alley between Main and Walnut Streets It was then run west to Sixth Street. South from Sixth to Ash. West on Ash to Elm, and then South on Elm out, of the city. Work To Start Soon More than one-third of the new- cable will run through e. isting conduit laid by the Southwestern Bell Telephone Co., and AT & T subsidiary. The existing conduit runs from behind the telephone offices here nt Second and Ash to Sixth and Ash. Jesse Taylor. Blytheville attorney, represented AT & T and drew up th ordinance. Also present last, night was G. W- Tccl of St. Louis, supervisor of rights-of-way for AT & T. Mr. Teel said a St. Louis conduit firm will lay the cable and that work is expected to begin "very Anti-Trumanites fill Hope 'Ike' Can Be Drafted Convention May <Mt Resolution Calling on Truman to Step Atide By Joseph N'nlan United Presf Staff Corrnpondtnt Diehard anti-Truman Democrats made up their minds today to try rafting Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow- r, even if they have to ask the "resident's help. Apparently satisfied that when icn. Ike said no politic* he really meant "maybe," his boosters step- ed up their efforts to put hi* name Before the democratic national coii- •ention which opens in Philadelphia on Monday. Sen. Olln D. Johnston, D., S. C., aid lie is planning to offer Demo- Democratic Platform Builders Face Difficult Convention Task PHILADELPHIA, July T. (U,P.>—Democratic Party platform draft«r« »«i« asked today to will* a 0>clar»tton of principle* on which «very candidate from th« President down oould run thU jttr with "good conscience." The go»l wu »H by U. B. 8«n. FraiicU J, Myera of ptniuylranka as the preliminary platform drafting cotmiilttrt, which h* h«adi, began hearings on what th* platform should cotaln. The platform !• scheduled to be* ._ ready for the Democratic National I Convention when It m«ta her* iK-xt Monday. Myers told his colleaguei that nothing hits been decided yet on party statements concerning the labor and racial right* Issuei oil which they are spill. He said tlicy would have to meet Ihese problems with a platform which U direct and meaningful, and "not an exercise In ambiguity." "It must be a platform on which every candidate—for president, tlc« president, for senators and congressman—can run with good conscience," Myers said. tarjr of the National Council of Farmers Cooperative!, paid tribute to the Democratic Party's pail encouragements. He urged that !!»• 1848 platform Include a pledge that "the Democratic Party will continue iU strong support ot the right of farmers to organloe and operate cooperative association! through which they market their products, purchase their farm supplies and obtain adequate farm credit." Oo-Op. S*rk Kneotlraiement Charles w Holman, secretary of the National Co-Operative Milk I Producers Association, likewise ir which the Soybeans CHICAGO. July 7. (UP)--Soybean quotations: Open High Low Closa T.lly 40CB 4CS 407 \K>8 Nve 338 332 328 331 Weather Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday with widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers. Not much change 'si temperature. Minimum (his morning— 14. Maximum yesterday—92. Sunset today—7:16. Sunrise tomorrow—4:54. Percipitatlon, 24 hours to 7 a. m x>day—none. Total since Jan. 1—25.61. Mean temperature (midway be iween high and low—83. Normal mean for July—81.5. Thrj Date La*t Year Minimum this morning—6S. Maximum yesterday—8«. Pre-lpitation, Jan. J U> this date shortly." Ten fire hydrants are involved in the proposal that the city pay rental on them formerly paid by Swift and Co. According to the resolution, the city will pay rent directly to the Blytheville Water Co., owner of the hydrants. Hydrant rental 1 is $20 per hydrant per year. ft was pointed out by city officials that this $200 a year hydrant rental would be more than offset by city taxes and privilege license fees paid the city by the oil mill now that it is within the corporate limits. Paving of the alley in the 100 block on East Main Street also was discussed nnd the mayor was authorized to let a contract for the busincssTncn in thai block who are providing funds for the work. cratic party leaders on Saturday a resolution calling on President Truman to step aside and "give Gen. Eisenhower a chance to be elected president." A wlthdiawal by the ireaident, he predicted, would "have lots to do" with changing the general's attitude. Publisher Makei Appeal Sen. Claude Pepper, D., Fla., proposed a "truly national draft" that would give Eisenhower a chance to form a "coalition government" to prevent World War III. He will ask party leaders to promise the general a free hand in writing a platform, choosing a running mate and picking a cabinet of both Democrats and Republicans. The Chicago sun-Times appealed to Mr. Truman to do an "unprecedented thing" by urging Elsen- hower to accept the nomination. The Marshall Field paper said in an editorial that regardless oi Ms latest disclaimer, the general prol> ably would accede to a non "partisan" draft. However party veterans Ilka James A. Farley and E. H. Crump of Memphis were saying that despite all tin. shouting for Ei.«ni- hower it look L like Truman on the lirst ballot. Sen. Joseph "}. O'Mahoney, D., Wyo., who has oeen mentioned -is a possible vice presidential running mate for Mr. Truman, Joined National Chairman J. Howard McGrath in a "come home" plea to the dissidents. T! party, said O'Mahoney. can win 'ly by carry' ing on "the program .President mads, a against ^. . . a'react Hcan Congress." Truman Unpel lMJIl.ll The President, apparently u. ,ier- turbed by -the row within his >wn party, returned to the White H-u.sc last night from Missouri. Between now- and convention time, he has scheduled political conferences with many of his top strategists. These advisers report that Mr. Truman has accepted Eisenhower's statement of Monday as final. But draft-Ike enthusiasts ha, their own interpretations of th': general's declaration that he "could not accept nomination." Downcast alter first reading it, they brightened perceptibly at what they thought they fount! between tho lines. Jacob M. Arvey, Chicago Democratic leader, said that "if the convention provides the means to draft him and does so draft him, he cannot and will not refuse to serve his country." James Roosevelt, California state demoratic chairman, said the 19- state stop-Truman caucus will oe held on schedule Saturday In Philadelphia. Party leaders in Virginia, Georgia, Alabama. Florida, South Carolina, New Jersey and Texas also refused to be discouraged by the general's statement. Dewey to Invade South In other political developments: Dewey—Gov. Thomas E. Dewev will make a determined bid for support in the traditionally Democratic South, an a-ssociatc reported. Th^ GOP standard bearer will open his Southern campaign with a speech ui North Carolina where he polled 40 per cent of the vote in 1914. He also promised to speak in Maryland, and may go to Florida and Georgia. Platform—The Democratic Resolutions committee went to work The controversial labor and racial 1 thanked the Democratic Party for questions were postponed until later It* encouragement of farm coopera- thls week. The first session was de- Uv«. He said that farmers still Tito is Rebuffed By Soviet Union's Communist Party Western Observers Continue to Believe Stalin Losing Ground By m. H. gharkford United Prrx NUff Correspondent ijONDON, July T. (UP)— Miirstml T!to'« campaign to woo lite Kremlin whllo continuing to denounce the Comlnform In tile blllerc-sl leinu appears dtodny to have full- ed. Tito, head of the Yugoslav Communist Party, tins been rebuKert by the Soviet Union's Communist Party, of which Premier Josef S'a- Lln is the head. The Yugoslav Communist Party's [ffth Congress U scheduled for July 31 In Belgrade. After the Cumin- voted to agricultural problems. The American Farm Bureau Federation presented the same 15-point are not getting a fair share of the national Income, however, and urged tlic Democrats to support program which It offered to R«- legislation which will put the fanj- publlcan platform drafters here lly-lype farmer on equal footing three weeks ago. In It they asked, with industrial workers, among other things for modernlia- "This can be accomplished tion of the party formula and man- ' through legislation provided a new datory price supports from «0 to 30 method o( computing (arm iKkes, per cent of parity. supporting (arm prices In accord- John H. Davis, executive secre- I 8« PLATFORM on r»»e II Truman Confers With Strategists On Running Mate WASHINGTON, July T. (UP) — President Truman, confident of victory on the First Ballot at the Democrat National Convention, returned to his desk from Bolivar, Mo. today and scheduled conferences with his W> political advisers. Those close to the President said on« of the topics he will rtiscus« with hi* political strategist* U the choice of a vice presidential miming mate They Indicated that many names have been suggested to the chief executive mid oome tonatlvely approved by him. Among those whom the president reportedly considers "suitable" running mutes cire sens. Joseph O. O'Mahoney Wyo.,; Alben W. Bnrkley, Ky., and Ilrten McMahon, Conn.; House Democratic Lewder 8»m Rayburn, Tex., House Democratic Whip John W. McCoimack, Mass.; Supreme Court Justice William O. DouRlns; and W. Averell Harrllnun, roving ECA Ambassador. Russians Invoke New Methods to EnforceBlockade Forc«4 To Us* Narrow Air Corridor to Berlin Czechs Demand Return of Benes Club-Swinging Police In Prague Break Up New Demonstration PRAGUE, July T. —(UP)—Club- swinging police broke up a crowd clamoring for the return of Eduard Benes to the Czechoslovak presidency within 24 hours. The early morning manifestation Of opposition to Communist rule was a re-enactment on a smaller scale of a mass meeting In Wen- cheslas Square by 3,000 Czechs. At least half a dozen persons were arrested by police who moved in fast, clubbing those In their path I to disperse the throng! a little NLR6 to Decide Injunction Plans gton Official Urged to End Strike By Soft Coal Miners WASHINGTON, July 7. (UP) — Robert N. Denhan, National Labor Relations Board general counsel, said today he wilt decide possibly within J4 hours whether to seek a federal court Injunction to halt the strike of 40,000 soft coal miners employed by steel-owned mines. Denham said he hopes to complete today his Investigation Into charges that the miners are striking for illegal contract demands. "Then, within 24 hours, we should tootf A few hours earlier shouts of "Masaryk" and "Benes" rose from marchers In a massive parade of 70,000 Czechs celebrating the Sokol festival. Individual marchers and sometimes whole blocks ot them brought out the American flag, drawing a thunderous response from spectators lining the route of a five-hour parade. I-ite in the evening a crowd gathered Jn Prague's main square, and I Meanwhile, throughout, the soft COR! fields, district officials of the United Mine Workers Union urged some 36.000 commercial miners to return to the pits. These men left their jobs yesterday in sympathy with the strike ot the captive miners. The captive miners—those working In mines owned by steel companies—followed 'no contract-no their work" traditions policy and chants similar to those heard dur- J **«>•«<] awa 5' from the pits because ing the Sokol parade were taken up ! the slec , ] rirrm refused to sign the lonn's excommunication of Yugo slavia and Tito, the Yugoslavs scut SuvUntions to all Commimtot par- lies of Eastern Europe to nil curl the Congres*. An emphatic no was Issued by tha Kremlin, last night. The MascoA 1 Radio announced thai the Cctilrnl Committee of the Soviet Communist Party rejected the iuvUatlmi because of Yugoslavia's refiLsul to attend the recent Comlufonn meeting which "thus placed the Yugoslav Com mi ml s 1 * party outslile the family of communist partly." Other eastern Europ*inn parlies were expected to follow in the loot- jstens of the Kremlin. Rn^lii'c Future Uncertain Russia's refusal to attend the Yugoslav Party Congcc-ss follows several days of continued defiance by Tito of the Cominform clinics. Flowery praise of the Soviet Union ntirt efforts to place the blninc toi Yugoslavia's present plight upon Communist leaders of other Eastern European, countries, especially Bulgaria, Albania nnd Hungary. Nothing has happened In the Tito-Stalin crlsts yet to change the views ot Western experts thai u- nmy signal the start of Uin crumbling of Russia's VR.sL Eastern European empire. Many developments including the following support thU thesis: 1. Anil-government demonstrations yesterday and today I'l Pinkie, with participants In a gigantic parade shouting for the return of President Eduard Bcncs and waving American flags. .j.3. Co^irninlst losses J.n the fln- nlsh election, with the . Finnish Comintinlst.s warning It might harm Soviet-Finnish relations If the Communists are excluded from tho government 3. Itu.s&ta'f decision to join with other Western powers In pressing Yugoslavia against her will to be host to the 10-powec conference on the Danube with rights for foreign correspondents lo enter ami report the proceedings without ecu- sons hip. Where Weatherman Offers U.S. Wide Temperature Range Blytheville was In between on the high and low temperatures across the nation today with a low of 74 degrees this morning in contrast to Memphis' 68 and a sizzling 110 degrees for a high yesterday In Thermal, Cal. The maximum here yesterday was 92 degrees, one lower than Memphis' high of 93. Chicago had a low of GO this morning; Denver, Colo., 59, New York. 59; and Detroit. 61. Cool, Cal.. reported a cool temperature of 59. Among the maximum readings, it was not so hot at Hell's Half Acre in Wyoming where a high of 85 was recorded. Boiling Springs. N. C., had » maximum of 98; Simmy. Tex.. 95: Sunshine. La., 94: Svii <-:tj-, Kan.. 90; Boiling Spring*. Pa- 86. a 1943 party platform in Philadelphia. There were indications the committee would soft-pedal President Truman's civil rights program in an effort to placate the South. But the New Deal wing of the party is demanding that the president's anti-lynch. anti-poll tax and anti- discrimination proposals be written into the platform. The resolution committee, it was learned] 1 has been asked to consider a strong endorsement of Mr. Truman's stand agalnot the Taft-Hsrtlcy labor law. Oklahoma— Former Gov. Robert S. Kerr, a trmnan supporter, defeated nine rivals for the Oklahoma Democratic senatorial nomination in yesterday's primary. Hs faces a run-off against the second- place candidate on July 27. If successful, he will oppose Rep. Ro.is Rlz-ley. the GOP senatorial nominee, in November. Supreme Court Candidate Is Visitor in George Rose Smith, Little Rock attorney who is a candidate for associate justice of the Arkansas Su prcme Court in the special primary July 27, was In Blytheville today on a visiting trip in conncc tion with hi$ campaign. Mr. Smith is seeking the supreme court post made vacant by tha death of Associate Justice E. L. Mc- Hancy of L'ttlc Rock. I'c also plans to visit in Osceola today. new industry contract. The steel companies com tend a portion of the contract violates the Tftft-Kartley act because it provides for a union shop. They have asked Denhnni to charge the union with Illegal bargaining and to request an injunction to force by thousands. Witnesses reported that almost lOO policemen appeared at once- They were checked momentarily by the singing of the National Anthem during which they were obliged to stand nt attention. 'We want Benes for president" was the dominant cry. Benes re- j the miners to give up their demands signed recently as president, and for a union shop. Klement Gottwald, the Communist leader of the country, took over the of iice. When the singing stopped, Tit- nesses said, the police charged the crowd, swinging their clubs. An American correspondent was seized Lhls all leading the by a plahiclothesrnan. but was released as &oon as he established his identity. Osceola Jaycees To Be Hosts for Regional Meeting OSCEOLA, Ark., July T.—Plans for a regional meeting of Arkansas Junior Chamber of Commerce officers and directors h ere July 25 were made last night at H meeting of tin; Board of Directors of the Osceota Junior Chamber of Commerce. W. R. Nicholson, state Jaycec vice-president for Northeast Arkansas, said the Osceola club plans to be host to representatives from organizations In Blytheville, Paragould, Walnut Ridge, Pocahontas, and Stuttgart. At the regional meeting, the state directors and officers will outline plans for projects to be carried out during the forthcoming Jaycee year. In other action last night, Jaycee President Henry J, Swift appointed Sam T. Edrlngton as a state director to represent the Osceola club in the state organization. Virginia Miners Return to Pita NORTON, Va., July 7 (UP) — President George H. Esser of 'the Virginia Coal operators' Association said today most miners ahscnt from 15 Virginia pits have returned to work. All of 15 Virginia pits Idled yesterday in a wildcat strike, Esscr | reported, expecting to resume operation. Some 3,500 diggers who walked «ff their JOD5 in sympathy with miners in captive pits but were responding to pleas of union officials. New York Stocks Final Stock Rrporl A T & T 155 Amer Tobacco 57 3-4 Beth Steel 363-* Chrysler . ...„ 645-8 Gen Electric 40 3-4 Gen Motors 64 Montgomery Ward. 60 N Y Central 167-8 Int Harvester 335-8 Narth Am Aviation 11 3-8 Republic Steel Radio 14 Socony Vacuum 21 Studebaker 21 1-8 Standard of N J 87 1-8 Tcy?» Corp 6' 1-8 F rt . ... .<; Washington Trader Gets More Time tor Answering Charge of 'Phony' Report WASHINGTON, July 7. (UP) — The Agriculture Department hns postponed today's scheduled hearing on the commodity dealings of Ralph W. Moore. Washington trader indicted last month on charges of illegal lobbying. The department, in a separate action, lias accused Moore of violating the commodity exchange act by getting out a phony press release. The release allegedly was designed to keep lard prices up so Moore could profit. He also wts charged by the department with failing to report his holdings in wheat, cotton, lard and oats as Ui2 law requires. The hearing was called so Moore could give reasons why he should not be barred from trading on all the commodity markets. The department has extended to Aug. 2 the time in which he may file « formal reply to the complaint. Communist East? Guesses in Western Europe are a dime a dozen. Bur^ there is general agreement that even of the Tito-Stalin quarrel Is patched up, irreparable harm lies been done to the cause of Inlernn- tlonal communism and it,s previous boasting about Die solid comradely Ironl agaln.il the Imperialist West. In another sector of the fight within the rnnks of communism it. Eastern Europe, the Soviet news agency circulated a roundalxnit, report that Albania had "taken strong mMsurcs" along her frontier with Yugoslavia iinri Greece U) prevent the entry o[ "hostile elements." A third development was the approval of the Communist Information Bureaus denunciation of the Tito regime by the Polish Communist. Party. The last, of the Comlnform mom- be rs to tall into line, liie oPHsh approval came alter the executive committee of the party had considered the question In secret session since last Friday. In Belgrade, the Communists began celebrating the. seventh anniversary of the partisan uurlMiu; against the Germans. About 100 placard-carrying youths paraded before the Soviet embassy cheering for Premier Josef Stalin anrt the Soviet Army. The clt ywas bcflag- ged and night. Diplomats Await Russians' Reply Contents of Note to Kremlin Protesting Blockade Kept Secret By I)onaM J. Cionialrc (IJnllrcl I'm* Staff Orreipondent) WASHINGTON. July 7. (UP) — Diplomatic officials said today the Aniericim demand for removal of Russia's Ilcrlln blockade was carefully prepared to deny the Soviets clmncc to distort It into more pence propaganda." They said tho American note, like tho.sc sent to Moscow by (he British nnd French, was Intended to be "air light" so far as any "Interpretation" might b« concerned. They recalled that the Soviets on May 9 "accepted" an American offer that was never nuule on negotiating cold wnr Issues. Notwithstanding the social precautions, these officials did not dls^ count tho possibility that Moscow might try to twist the three pro- testa Into bids for resumption of Big Four talks on Germany. This has been regarded as one oi Russia's chief reasons for halting highway and rail transportation Into Berlin. Note's Content* f»f*r«t Though delaila of the American protest* were a closely-guarded secret, it reportedly made the following points in addition to the request for prompt lifting of the blockade: 1. Promised that no big four foreign ministers meetings on Germany could even be considered until the Soviet transportation curbs were lifted. 2. Re|«ntcrt the charge tlmt the present division of Germany Is clearly traceable to Soviet refusal to live up to the PoUdum agreement. Tills provided for economic and political unlflclatlon of Germany. 3. Made clear (hat any blame for Insufficient food supplies for Germans In the three Western-occupied zones of Berlin would be laid at Russia's door. 4. neltcrnted previous statements that the United States has no Intention of pulling out of Berlin In the face of the Soviet efforts to drive them out Doubt KorleU to Meet Demands There were only faint, hopes at the State Department thnt Moscow would npree to the three-power demands. Hut the note-sending was regarded as an Important step In building up » case against the Soviets ir the problem goes to the United Nations. Delivery of Ihn American note to Soviet Ambassador Alexander S. Panyushkin overshadowed another development at the State Department. Representatives of the five Brussels pact nations and Canada Tlj Walter Rundl* (United Frew null C'orrnpoodeaM Berlin, July 7. — (UPi— The Ru»- slans today wer« carrying out harassing tnctlcs apparently designed In hnmner efforts of the Western allies to supply their jectors of Berlin b) 1 air. With all surface traffic from th» Western /ones of Germany to Berlin already halted. American and lii'ltlsh reports Indicated thnt the Russians now are seeking to s'liw or hull the great aerial stippl" effort by which the Western allies ar» feeding more thnn 3.000,000 persona In their zones of Berlin. American sources said the Soviet authorities had given them verbal warnings that Western planes might be forced down If they strayed from the 20-mile wide nlr corridor to Berlin during their supply flights. U. S. Air Faroe officer, aim Inftrrntl illy charted Ihe Riw- slani wllh Inlerferint with the radio beam which fuldea allied planrs to Berlin, and directed American pilots In fly above 5,000 feet along the corridor because Kunlan tlthten had appeared In It. A British transport pilot on th« food run reported that several Russian yak fighters flew around his plane yesterday and ouo buraed his piano "beating me up a bit with his propeller wash." A rash of Soviet protests and gestures was taken In some quarters Uj Indicate the Russians were setting out to make the skyways over their Knic unusable by the Western, powers and thus Isolate Berlin completely. It already was blockaded In all way except by air. American airmen were warned that the radio range on which they set A course Into weatherbound Tcmpelhof Airdrome was "not entirely reliable due to Interference from unother station.* The station broadcasting on an almost Identical frequency was located in the Soviet Zone, American briefing officers said. But It had not been determined whether the interference was Intentional or ac- ' cldenlal. , , . The radio Interference developed., after the-Sovlets charged that U. S. • Air Force planes were violating four-power air safety regulations, In addition, Soviet fighters appeared yesterday along the air corridors to Hie West. Bart Weather a Handicap Dirty weather slowed the aerial supply operation Into Berlin. Visibility was cut lo 200 feet at times. All planes lind to resort to instrument landings. Tlie planes wer» cnmlnjr !n but the Instrument procedure was an added burden. Officers said the Soviet charge of safety violation stemmed froln U. S. . notification that all Information on the greatly stcppcd-up traffic ablaze with light.s last South Missco Assistant Farm Agent Promoted Clay R. Moore, who up until the first of this month was assistant county agent, for South Mississippi County, has been appointed fndt and vegetable marketing socialist of the State Extension Service. As- FM Radio Equipment Installed for Police Use Installation ot the new 250-wntt RCA frequency modulation radio equipment for use by city nnd country law enforcement officers got under way today. The new equipment will furnish stronger and more stattc-frce reception than the AM set now In use It will provide tluceway communication between station and cars, cars and station and from car to car. Among the first Installation steps today was the dismantling of the present antenna on the radio tower near the Court House and replacement by an FM antenna. Installation Is being supervised by Ray Grocnlcr of Dallas, Texas, representative of the Rndlo Corporation of America. It Is expected that radio Installation In some of the police cars may be completed for use by Saturday. started talks with State Department officials on iwssible American backing for the five-power alliance. They will meet agatn today. 30 3-8; soclatlon Director Aubrey D. dates i announced today. Mr. Moore, a native of Newark, was graduated from the University of Arkansas, and served at one time ?s a supervisor for the Farm Secur- 1'-- A'" •*>'•»! ;trp' + "\ now Tinners New York Cotton NEW YORK, July 7. (UP)—Close steady. Mar. M?v July |U s Steel 80 3-4iHom« AdminUtriUon. Open High Low Close . 31.93 J2.ll S1.9S 32.07 . 31.85 32.00 33.80 31.93 3i« 3S.OB 34.81 3S.CO 1.2.27 32.44 32.27 J2.36 32" 3D 20 32.02 32.H Eisenhower's Name Slated To Be Offered NEW YORK. July 7. V.P.I — James A. Roe, one of the leaders of the New York delegation, said today he would formally offer Gen. Dwlght D. Eisenhower's name for the Democratic presidential nomination at Die National Convention in Philadelphia next week. The Queens County Democratic said, "General Elsenhower was a gteftt leader in -war and. he will be a great leader in peace." Roc, a former Congressman, called on President Truman to eliminate himself'from the race, and said he would present a resolution to the convention asking him to step aside In favor of Elsenhower. Referring to Elsenhower's statement on \fonday that he did not want to be a candidate, Roe said, "No man can honestly turn down the nomination for President of the United States In times ot cricls." "President Truman should have the courage," Roe cald. "to eliminate himself us » candidate and step aside for General Eisenhower, 1 who has been the top choice of every unbiased poll held during the past year. Elsenhower must be drafted even though he does not want th« nomination." would be posted on bulletin boards in the four-power air safety center. The Russians demanded that they he handed typewritten copies of such Information, nnd charged thnt the American procedure was » violation of rules. The Soviets warned that the safety of [.lights through the air corridors wn.s endangered, and American authorities must assume full rcsiwnsiblllty for the safety of U. S. planes. At the same time the ,,Russ!an director of water transport protested to the British against the landing on the Havel Lake near Oatow Airport of Sunderland flying boats. He claimed thnt the water- •\vnys In and around Berlin were under Soviet control, and were not available [or such landings. Russians Want Food, Too The British asstcncd 10 of the Sundcrlimds to the aerial supply of Berlin. They were flying from the Hamburg area to the lake adjoining the Gatow Field in the Dri- It was learned that Marshal Vassi oitoiov.-,ky in a week-end letter to Gen. Lucius n. Clay. pro. tested against the halting of Western zone Imports to the Soviet zone.- Clay replied that Inter-zonal trade- could not be resumed so long as the Western powers were denied the use of the Berlin-Helmstcdt Railway, on which the Soviets suspended traffic. Lost night warnings of Soviek fighter plane activity in the vicinity of the Western air corridors to T?--it,, "-.'re nostcd at Tempelhol airdrome in the U. S. sector. Airmen were notified to fly above 5.000 feet and to stay well witnin the corridor. An officer said several fighters came up and Mew in Information with a U. S. plane yesterday afternoon. Four or five pilots reported unusual Soviet fighter activity in the area between Fulda and Berlin, he said. Spou ckxe 3S.1S UP 1. Petroleum experts believe the present shortage may last another (our or fiv« ytu*. Teamsters' Union Head Declines Democrat* Invitation to Speak INDIANAPOLIS, July 7. (UP) — President Daniel J. Tobin of the AFL Teamsters' Union turned down an invitation today to address th« Democratic National Convention and said his union would stay "absolutely neutral" until after the convention. Tobin, who recently refused to »ttend the confentUm w in official delegate from Indiana, rejected the speaking Invitation In a telegram stnt to National Chairman J. How- trd McGrtth.
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