The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on June 17, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 17, 1953
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI vnr v , Blytheville Courier Mlsslsippi V»lley Leader _„ „ VOL. XLIX—NO. 75 Blythevllle Daily Newi BlytheYllle Hendd BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 17, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS 50,000 REVOLT AGAINST REDS IN EAST BERLIN Peiping Radio Hints -Fire Line Set By ROBERT B. TCCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea (AP) — The voice of Communist China, Peiping radio hinted broadly tonight that a cease-fire line has been drawn and approved, clearing the final barrier to a quick truce in Korea. The broadcast came » few hours Following Peiping Report — »fter Allied and Communist negotiators met for 20 minutes at Pan- munjom then recessed amide rumors that a demarcation line had been agreed upon. There was no hint from official sources that agreement has been reached. Washington sources also reported agreement on a truce. But there was no immediate word as to whether the agreement took into account the changes made by the current Red offensive in East-Central Korea. Two teams of staff. officers convened after the plenary session. One group reportedly working on the demarcation line met for eight hours then adjourned without scheduling another meeting, suggesting that they had completed their work. The second group, which is believed to have been working on other final truce details, scheduled 1 another session Thursday. Spokesmen for the U. N. Command here would neither confirm nor deny the rumors that agreement on the line was reached. Foster Dulles said Monday the only remaining barrier to quick agreement on an armistice was the line of contact. New Developments There were some developments to support reports ol an agreement. 1. Staff officers drawing the line of contact—the point at which patrols clash in no man's land— |:j worked until almost midnight Tuesday. There was speculation that they wanted to have the line when the negotiators met Wednesday. Both armies will pull back IV* miles from this line within 12 hours after an.armistice .is. signed, creating a neutral buffer zone. 2. Communist correspondents at Panmunjom advised Allied newsmen to "keep your eyes on what happens at the front." They indicated that the staff officers might have reached agreement and that the line might have been approved by the top-level delegations. 3. The big Chinese offensive on the East-Central Front showed signs of slackening, even though a beefed-up Red battalion attacked southeast of battered Finger Ridge Wednesday. Translators^ both sides worked in the rain-spattered conference hut for two hours before the 11 a. m. plenary meeting opened. This would indicate they were goin over the final wording of the armi slice document. Junior officers carried maps in to the meeting of the main delega. tions and into the staff officer session which followed. It wa understood the maps were referrei , to in discussion points other than the demarcation line. One such use would be to mar! the main routes over which observ er teams and other supervisory personnel will travel in North anc South Korea while enforcing ar armistice. In the absence of any officia word on the discussion, it was any body's guess as to when the expect ed agreement would be announced Most observers at this Allied truce base camp predicted an armistice wthin five days to a week. Battle Dies Quickly On Korean Front By WILLIAM C. BARNAED SEOUL, Thursday (AP) — The fighting died abruptly early today on the Korean front in the wake of a reported agreement at Panmun- jom on a cease-fire line. * The hills of Eastern Korea, which had rocked for a week to the greatest Chinese Communist offensive in two years, were quiet except for the occasional clash of patrols and the crash of artillery. On the bloody East-Central front, where 2,400 Chinese had battled Republic of Korea troops all day Wednesday, the only action reported early Thursday was a single patrol clash. It still was too early to say whether the fighting was dying to zero as the hour of ar: listice approached, but another 24 hours probably will tell the story. Communist correspondents at Panmunjom had suggested that everyone watch what happened at the front — an apparent reference to a halt of the Red attack. Communist loud speakers along the front blared that there would be an armistice by June 25, third anniversary of the war. The Chinese had smacked into South Korean troops Wednesday P-: Mh sides of-the East Central Dr. Summers, Baptist Leader, Succumbs One of Blytheville's early First Baptist Church pastors, the Rev Dr. Luther D. Summers, 75. died Tuesday at Hot Springs where he had made his home since 1928. Dr. Summers was a leader of the Baptist church in Arkansas for 40 years. He was instrunmental in completion of the old First Baptist sanctuary here In 1915 and was former financial secretary of Jonesboro Baptist College. He was assistant general secretary of the Arkansas Baptist State Convention and also served as financial secretary of Central College, Conway. Ordained in Tennessee in 1903, Dr. Summers in 1935 spearheaded » drive to close Commonwealth College while holding the pastorate at Mena, Ark. The small school subsequently was listed us subversive by the Justice epartmen*,. Services were scheduled to be conducted In Hot Springs this morning. former Engineer Dies MEMPHIS if) — Carl E. Huff- itetter, former chief of the Engi• neering Division of the Memphis District, u. s. Engineers, died today. He »•»> 12. Douglas Grants Execution Stay For Rosenbergs But Government Asks Rest of Tribunal To Void His Action WASHINGTON (/n—Justice William 0. Douglas today threw a legal bar against the execution of atomic spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg tomorrow, but the government promptly asked that the full court—in summer recess — convene and strike down his action. Pressing for speed. Justice Department lawyers made plain their,, hope was to see that the death ' sentences were carried out, if possible, at tomorrow night's 9 p.m. (CST) appointed hour. An extraordinary night session of the high tribunal seemed possible to consider what Attorney General Brownell called Douglas' ''unprecedented action." In Congress, there was a demand for Douglas's removal from the supreme bench. Rep. Wheeler (D-Ga) told the House he would introduce an impeachment resolution—a statement that brought cheers and applause. Douglas, after a full day o f study, granted a stay of execution sending court decisions on whether the husband-and-wife team of atom spies were tried under the right law. They were accused of stealing atomic secrets and passing them to the Russians, and were tried under a'1917 law dealing with espionage. Two lawyers who had not even been retained by the Rosenbergs argued to Douglas, however, that this law had been superseded by the 1946 Atomic Secrets Act — a rain storm which grounded Allied FIRST LESSON — The Walker Park swimming Taylor, children of Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Taylor of pool is overflowing these days with more than 430 Holland, Mo., as they practice one of the first les. children entered in the water safety program of. the sons in swimming instructions. An adult swimming Red Cross' Chickasawba District Chapter. Shown class also is being conducted with a record entry of above (left to right) are Katherine' Jackie and Joe 107 persons. (Courier News Photo) . ing 'up for a greater attack by dark. But that attack never came. A U. S. Eighth Army spokesman said the new Pukhan River line established after a two-mile withdrawal by the South Koreans Sunday and Monday appeared "out of the fluid stage now and stabilized." Bitter see-saw battles — at times hand-to-hand — raged in fog and rain at each flank of the two-mile bulge, however, even as the Peiping radio hinted broadly that negotiat- PMA PosifiotK For Haloch?, County Agent, Spellings Rumored For State Posts Two Mississippi County men today were rumored in Little Rock to be in line for state posts in the ors have approved a cease-fire line, i Production and Marketing Admtn- A Chinese battalion shoved back I istration's state organization. ROK soldiers who had advanced f 'A. C. Spellings of West Ridge was more than 300 yards in a savage ! mentioned as a probahle ch' fight southeast of Red-held Finger More Than 500 Sign For RCj>WLm Courses More '. .'5 adults and youngsters have nearly overwhelmed Chickasawba District Chapter of Red Cross water safety directors by signing up for various swimming programs which began this week. * Due to lack of instructors, Mrs. Hugh Whitsitt, chairman of the ;«tap,ter'S| water safety program, liidi\tfegifctration in all classes has been^csldsed. Last night, 94 adults, nearly 80 percent of them non-swimmers, showed up to register for the adult program, -his brought the total of adults to over 105. Monday, first classes involving more than 430 children began. The whopping large adult registration came as a surprise to Red Cross officials. Less than 60 were enrolled in the program last year, they said. The adults will meet on Tuesday and Thursday nights at 6. Worth Holder is in charge of Wage Hearing He!d on Base, And BHA Work Department of Labor Referee Recommends Hourly Pay Rates A wage hearing conducted here this morning by a referee of the United States Department of Labor resulted in a recommended wage scale for labor classifications to be employed in coming federal construction in the Blytheville area. According to E. West Parkinson, the referee, labor officials presented the following wage proposals as prevailing in this area and applicable to construction of the Blytheville Air Base and new housing unit here: 'Proposed hourly wages) Air tool operators, $1.30; asbestos workers, S2.6165; boilcrmakers, $2.75; boil- Ridge, western anchor of the bulge. Southwest of Christmas Hill, on the right flank of the front, the ROKs recaptured M-l Ridge and moved nearly 400 yards north of it, only to be pushed back to the ridge by a counterattacking Communist battalion. The Reds attacked savagely under cover of a massive artillery and mortar barrage and a driving special law covering all atomic matters, including atomic spying. This law authorizes the death pen- Ity after it is recommended by that jury after proof that the violation was with intent to injure the United States. Douglas did not rule as to whether the self-appointed defense attorneys were correct in this ar- [ument. But he declared that the point of contention was of enough substance that it should be passed pon by the courts. He thus issued a stay of execution which runs indefinitely, or until courts rule on this point. In a statement accompanying his decision, Douglas said "Although : have the power to grant a stay, I could not do so responsibly on grounds the court has already re- ected." This was a reference to the court's 5-4 decision Monday turning down an appeal by the Rosenbergs on .the ground they were unfairly convicted. Douglas voted with the minority then. planes except radar-guided bomb- Weather ARKANSAS—Generally fair this afternoon, tonight and Thursday; not much change in temperature. MISSOURI — Generally fa'ir tonight and Thursday; warmer west onlght and over the state Thursday; low tonight around 65 ex- reme northeast to 70 southeast; igh Thursday 90s north to around 00 extreme south. Minimum tills morning—75. Maximum yesterday—loz. Sunrise tomorrow—<:4fl. Sunset today—7;I5. Mean temperture (midway between igh nnd low)—88. Normal and mean lor June—77 5. .Prcclp. last 24 houri (7 «. m . w 7 .m.)—none. Prectp. Jan. t to d«te—30.4J. Thi Date I.«il Ye»r Minimum thin morning—73. Maximum yi-aterday—lna. Preclp. Jan. 1 to date—afl.O. ers. The new Red drive followed the biggest Communist air raid of the war on the Seoul area. Sixteen Americans were injured. Pour Korean civilians were killed and 21 injured. Several buildings and more than a million gallons of fuel were destroyed by 15 ancient Russian-built biplanes which raided Inchon, the capital city's port, Tuesday night. Push Stemmed The fighting raged on the western flank of South Korean lines which had been shoved southward as much as two miles by a powerful Communist week-end offensive. Except in the Finger Ridge and Ml Ridge sectors the big Red push appeared to have been stemmed. Six thousand Reds Tuesday seized [Finger Ridge, western anchor of the bulge in the South Korean line. By giving up Finger Ridge, the Roks yielded about one-third of the Kyoam Mountain mass, which guards a deep valley to the south. The ROKs stopped two Red probes near Finger Ridge Tuesday night. At last report, heavy fighting was raging on five heights which the Reds seized near Christmas Hill, at the eastern end of the 60- See WAR on Page 11 ioice for! n '? ht classes for lhe adults. He ermakcr's helpers. S2.50; bricklay- | will be assisted by June Slires and i ers, 53.30; carpenters, $2.25; mill„."„, O'Neal Dedman, both qualified in- wrights. S2.50; cement finishers, one seat on the PMA's th Committee for Arkansas, and as a possibility for the chairmanship of | 3 """"'"• that body. ! AIso assisting are Rudy Vrska, D. V. "Maloch, county agent at Barbar a Carter, Louis Green Soviet Troops Use Tanks, Guns to Halt Four-Hour Uprising By TOM REEDY BERLIN (AP) — Fifty thousand rioters exploded * four-hour revolt against Red rule in East Berlin today. Soviet troops, backed by tanks and armored cars, fired on the workers, and the Russian authorities declared martial law. The East Berliners hauled down and burned the Red flag, mauled German Communist officials and shouted "Ivan go home." But the drastic military action dispersed the crowds and ended the violence. No accurate account of casualties Osceola, was named as a possible successor to John L. Wright of Little Rock as state PMA administrative officer. Knows Nothing of It The speculation pointed out that Jimmy Lowe and Fred Boyett, Jr. The program will continue through July and may stretch into August, Mr. Holder said. Courses for youngsters will enVl one week from Friday. Thirty-one if the appointments were made as j volunteer workers are assisting predicted the state PMA would have ' with this Program. a "strong Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation flavor." Included was the statement that' of A Ui j Mr. Spellings and Mr. Maloch are j course. Mrs. Floyd Farm Bureau members. Spellings ] chapter secretary, said this morn- was described as an "Eisenhower' '"g. Democrat" in the report.' $2.25; electricians, $3.25; elevator constructors, S2.77; elevator's helpers, $1.97; glaziers, $2.02. Iron workers' structural, $2.525; ornamental, $2.525; reinforced, S5.2375; laborers, S1.30; lathers. $2.00; marble setters, $2.635; air compres-, sors. $1.75; blade graders, $2.25; bull-' dozers, $2.25; cranes, $2.50; distributors, $2.00; finishing machinists, $2.00; firemen, $2.00; oilers. $1.575. Hoists; one drum. $2.00; two drum. Area Red Cross official Linn ' S2 ' 25; mixer5 ' smaller than 105, $2.00; Stair will be in the city the week I laI 'R er lnan 105 . S2.00; mason tcr 3 to teach an instructor's I d . ers - $-™'- P a >n'"s, spray, $2.35; *rs. Floyd Haralson, I ^±.^'^ ln ^.^ M '-^ s : terers, $1.30. $2.815; plaster's tenders, Meanwhile, asked by the Courier '. thos News to comment , -.. , This class will be open only to j sheet metal workers, $2.625; Plumbers, -$2.92.r roofers, $1.975; soft e persons who have passed | floor workers $2375- steam fitters ' News to comment on the report, j their 18th birthday and have com- I $2.925; stone masons,' $3 30- tile set- Mr. Maloch this morning saio he : pleted senior lifcsaving courses in tors, $2.625; truck drivers, stake, "knew nothing" of the rumors and < the past three years or who have [ $1.55; semi, $1.70; ready-mix, $1.85; had not been approached concern- i been instructors and are seeking ing the appointment. ; to renew their certificates. Asked what his reaction would be if he should be offered the post, Mr. Maloch said he "could not say at this time." ICC Authorizes Highway Bypass H ' ke of 36% in To be Discussed Parcel Post Rate State Highway Director Her- i WASHINGTON (/Pi—The intcr- bert Eldridge was to meet at 2 j stale Commerce Commission today p.m. here today with members of j authorized a 36 per cent increase in the Chamber of Commerce Highway and Traffic Committee concerning the proposed Highway 61 bypass of Blytheville now under consideration. The meeting, to be held at the Rustic Inn, was expected to shed new light on the highway department's current plans for the new construction. parcel post zone rates. The rate advance 15 to be applied on a date fixed by the Post Office Department. The increase Is expected to add slightly more than 150 million dollars to charges for handling packages in the postal service. Parcel post zone rates cover the vast bulk of the package mailing service used by the general public. winch and frame, $2.00; low boy, $2.05; helpers, $1.50; dispatchers, 51.75; pickup, $1.40. Motor graders, $2.25; pile driv- - -- -- ers, $2.50; pumpers. $2.00; rollers, | , Communist police had battled $2.00; scrapers, S2.25; shovels, $2.50 Sec HEARING on Page 11 was available. At least one pedestrian had been killed, and several wounded. At the height of the rioting Otto Naschke, deputy prime minister of the East German government, appeared at a West Berlin police station and polise reported he had deserted to the West. Nuschke later said, however, he had been forced over the frontier by angry rioters and that he wanted to return to the Soviet sector. Nuschke is leader of a Christian Democratic Party wing which has acted as a Communist puppet in the East German regime. The revolt in Berlin, 100 miles inside the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, started yesterday as a stage-managed parade in which ,000 workers marched to the East German government headquarters demanding lighter working schedules. Got Out of Hand Apparently the government In- ended to show its new-found policy of freedom and democracy by al- owing the workers to demonstrate, movement got out of hand. Everybody with a gripe cast cau- ion to the winds today and workers began calling a general strike. After East Berlin police vainly battled to stem the tide of rioting, green-helmeted Soviet troops, amounting to a regimental combat earn (perhaps 3,000 men) were called In. Tanks deployed against the workers. Gunfire echoed at several alaces where the biggest crowds were gathered. The police attacked anks with stones, and disabled at east one with a log Jammed Into he treads. But the mobs had to give way. The core of the demon- tration was scattered. Finally, about 2 p.m. Ma). Gen. 3 . J. Dibrova, military commander n the East sector, imposed mar- ial law on East Berlin. The order orbids gatherings of more than hree persons on the streets, nnd rnposed a a p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew n all pedestrian and vehicle traf- nc. The order in effect took authority out of the hands of the Russian puppets, the East Berlin government, and rolled the situation back to that of 1845 when the Russians ruled with their own iron hand. West German and Allied authorities, surprised by the violent turn, predicted the Russians would now uncork some new dramatic move, Ike Describes Berlin Revolt As Significant WASHINGTON la — President Eisenhower said at his news conference today that the anti-Communist revolt in East Berlin was significant. However, he declined to speculate as to just what it may mean. He said the riots disprove Communist stories of happy people behind the Iron Curtain. President Eisenhower also said the full-scale offensive in Korea the past two days shows the complete indifference of the Communists for human life. standards. But this time the crowds did not appear inclined to believe the promises. Calls Cabinet Meet At noon, when the freedom bell in West Berlin pealed out as usual, Chancellor Konrad Adenauer of the West German government convened his cabinet into an emer- ;ency session in Bonn to consider the latest events. All East Berlin was paralysed by a general strike that had been called throughout the East zone. The subway and elevated train systems in East Berlin were 'lalted complete.y • * One demonstrator was run over and killed by a Soviet armored cnr. At least a score of Communist faithful, caught on the streets by enraged mobs, needed hospital treatment after being mauled. People working in a travel bureau and a tobacco shop on the west side of the frontier said they saw rioters hauling Heinrich Rau, East zone deputy prime minister and chief of planning, across the border. It could not be immediately confirmed if Rau was in ths hands of the West Berlin police. His superiors, Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl and party boss Walter Ulbricht. cowered in hiding while the tumultuous throngs demanded their political hides. The violence came in the wake of recent Communist reversals in their communtzation program which the long-repressed East Berliners apparently viewed as a sign of Red weakness. While Soviet troops, armored cars and tanks stood on the alert perhaps even an approach to the I aroun ^ strategic buildings, some West on unifying the city. 5,000 Communist East German po- Chancellor Konrad Adenauer be- ' lice batlletl the demonstrators with fore the West German parliament j in Bonn, said the rioting repre- Inside Today's Courier News . . . Brownies break two spells, handcuff Yanks with one run . , Khvanis slips by Shrine 4-3 in Little League . . . Junior Legion nine wins opener . . . Sports . 4 . I'age 6. . . . Osecola news . . . Page 3 . . . House embroiled in new fight over vets' benefits . . . Page 10. . . . Aurlol asks mercy for Ros- enbergs . . . Page 14 flailing clubs. The Soviet machine gunners, however, held their fire. Once the troops drove their armored cars directly at the crowd, which quickly parted, let them through and then closed ranks again. VVorkers Start The marching, jeering strikers came from nationalized factories, state railroad repair shops in the the ugly mob threatening govern- i LecntenD(!r B district, and the Stalin ment headquarters after East Ber- AIlee housin g project. The housing workers set off the demonstration with a march yesterday protesting high prices and recent government decrees increasing produc- sented "a great demonstration of the East German people's will for freedom." He said Communist oppression can be cured only through "the reunification of our country in freedom." Fifteen Russian T-34 tanks, 20 armored cars and 30 truckloads of machinegunners concentrated for hours to control the uprising. Tanks Attack Mob Tanks drove Into the mob and some of the enraged rioters were 'shot. It was impossible to tell immediately how many fell. The bulk of the mob began con- Steel Price Rise Presages Living Cost Hike PITTSBURGH, Pa. (/P) — U. S. Steel Corp. boosted steel prices an average of $4 a ton today, presaging Industry-wide hikes which could send the nation's living costs splrallng. 4 Big Steel's action came five days after it granted an 8 vj -cent hourly pay increase to 110.000 em- ployes represented by the CIO United Steelworkera. It is the first rise In basic steel prlcts since a 55-day strike last summer which ended utter the iinto.i won a 21 % -cent hourly pay package increase. Other steel producers are expected to follow U. S. Steel's lead and raise prices. They probably will adhere to a similar scale. However, President C. M. White of Republic Steel Corp. says his firm plans an Increase of $5 to $10 a ton. Industry-wide steel price boosts may be reflected in higher .price tags for the many thousands of items which are made of steel. It is unlikely that, manufacturers will absorb any such hikes, mean- Ing the consumer ultimately may have to pay more for everything from pins to refrigerators. U. S. Steel, largest steel producer in the nation, said over-all effect of the price change rsepre- sents an average advance of about two-tenths of a cent a pound for carbon steel porducts, which now will sell for 6 cents a pound or about $120 a ton. Along with this upturn, there are proportionate advances for alloy and stainless steel products. Three more basic stud produc- ers signed agreements with the USW yesterday giving nearly 35.000 workers an 8'Xj-cent wage Increase. They are. Sharon Steel Corp., Wheeling Steel Corp. and Pittsburgh Sti'el Company. This brought to 10 the number of firms slRiicd up, Including u. S. Steel, which set th peattcrn last Friday. About 420.000 of the union's estimated GOO.WQ members In basic steel now are under new wntte pacts. They had been averaging from $2.00 to $2.16 an hour. tion quotas. There was no telling how big the ranks of the strikers would swell. The area of the government of- verging on Unter Den Linden in i ficcs on the Wilhejmstrasse was the direction of the Lustgarlen, the I a sea of milling workers and the old imperial .square now called I scene of one open battle after Marx-Engeles Platz. Two daring men climbed the old Brandenburg gate, on the East- West border and hauled down the Red flag. At Potsdamer Platz a gang boldly forced wooden sticks into the gun of one tank and hurled big stones onto the tracks of other tanks. Soviet troops replied with a spray of machinegun fire and the lumbering machines deployed on the square, The tracks of one big tank were broken by a log the mob jammed nto the co'gs. It lay helpless on the grass with the crew inside. The quaking East German Communist regime, assaulted and Insulted, barricaded itself in the government headquarters behind a Soviet cordon. It made a new effort to placate the workers it is supposed to favor. The loudspeaker system began blaring promises of lower prices and less work. It was the same promise Prime Minister Otto protewohl made last night after * demonstration by 5,000 workers ngnlnst Communist another with the club-swinging peoples' police. Six Russian troop carriers and two trucks filled with Soviet tom- mygunners, joined the battling police. Allied troops in West Berlin stood by at the semi-alert. One gang found a portrait of spade-bearded Ulbricht, the East German Communist strongman, tore it off the wall and threw it See SOVIET on Page 11 speed-up Uctlca »nd low living Bailey ol Cabot. Car Swap Deal Hit by Taxes LITTLE ROCK Ijf) — Uncle Sam's tax officials have turned sour a deal by which the State Highway Commission swapped 75 Chevroleta with a Cabot auto dealer. State Purchasing Agent E. A. Walker said the Internal Revenue Depnrtment told him that almost $0,000 in excise taxes will have ta be paid on the deal with Ernest

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