The Weather Rain, low in 30s. Milder, rain Ukcly tomorrow. Colder, pos- tible snow jinnies Sunday. High, 37; low, 30; noon, 35. Rainfall, trace. River, 2.89 feet. Humidity, 82 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXVLr-NO. 331 Prtis-Striic»—Af Wi>*phof» CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1955 International Newj 5»rvic« 22 Pages 6 CENTS TV JP/roffirmn Finale Mr. ;and Mrs. H. D. Evans of Chattanooga, Tenh., were sitting in their'living room watching television last night. Suddenly a car, top photo, came crashing-through the wall shoving .the=,cguclv. lower-foreground, .on which they were sitting right up to the set. Evans views the wreckage. Part of the car can be seen under the window. Mrs. Evans was treated for leg injuries. (AP PHotofax) Allies Intend To Stay Until Reich Unified Conaiit Speaks Out As Reds Act To End Berlin Occupation BERLIN I/P) — U. S. Ambassador James B. Conant declared today the Western .Allies intend to - re' main..:irt"' : Berlia>until,/Germany; is reunified;. ''.'!.'. . •'.'.-.-'. The ambassador reiterated' the Western pledge as an answer to the Soviet move which appears designed to end occupation status for East Berlin and include that quarter of the city inside the Communist East German republic. Conant told a news conference that the incident created by detention of four Americans in East Berlin, on Sunday was serious. He came here especially today to illustrate how serious the U. S. government views it. Slntus Nonexistent BERLIN W)—The East German Communists declared today that the four-power occupation status of Berlin is now -"nonexistent." The . declaration was made by Neues Deutschland, official newspaper of the East German Communist party. It was the Commu-: nists' first reaction to a protest yesterday by the Western Big Three to Russia that Soviet claims that East Berlin is sovereign, and part of East Germany are "wholly; Inconsistent" with Berlin's four-j power status. Land Fraud Probe Slated BALTIMORE W — The State Roads Commission said today it has uncovered indications of speculation in Prince Georges County on property needed for new highways. Joseph D. Buscher, special assistant attorney general for the roads commission, said the evi-, dence will be turned ove.' to Prince Georges County authorities within two weeks. Seven persons, including a for-| mer right-of-way' engineer for the roads commission, were indicted in Montgomery County last week on charges growing out of a similar investigation. They were accused of conspiring to defraud the roads commission in right-of-way transactions. Colder, Snow, Rain Forecast BALTIMORE un — Five day' forecast: Saturday cloudy, occasional rain and milder. Colder late Sunday with snow flurries in mountains. Monday mostly fair and colder. Tuesday increasing cloudiness and continued cold. Wednesday rain or snow and milder. Temperatures will average a little above normal. Normal afternoon highs range from the lower .4Qs, over Western Maryland to about 50 over southeastern Maryland and Delaware. Early morning lows range from the mid 20s in Western Maryland to mid 30s in other sections. Two Indicted Aides Of HST Blame Politics ST. LOUIS M 1 )—Matthew J. Connelly and Theron Lamar Caudle, Truman administration officials accused of conspiracy to defraud .he government, blame their indictments on politics. A federal grand jury investigat- ng alleged tax frauds during the administration of former President Truman returned the indictments /esterday. ••""- —Connelly, 48, who was appointments secretary for Truman, said n New York the charge was caused by "a little group of willful men now in power in Washington" who "have called Harry S. Truman a traitor." "Now because of my association with him they are calling me a crook," said Connelly, now a public relations man. Caudle and Connelly said they were innocent of any wrongdoing. The grand jurors also indicted Harry I. Schwimmer, a former (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Ike's Recovery Called Complete NEW YORK ifi — White House staff boss Sherman Adams told a dinner meeting last night that President Eisenhower's recovery from his heart attack "so far is thorough and complete." The 56-year-old chief presidential assistant also told his audience that Eisenhower "will probably live to an older age than you and t, that is, if you are a lyoung man like myself." AFL, CIO Vote To Merge Military Spending Discussed J L ™. . • . • Ike Pledges Help To Win For GOP Some Leaders See 'Indication 9 He'll Run Again CHICAGO tH—Republican lead ers are mapping a vigorous 195 campaign for every precinct in the nation, buoyed by President Ei senhower's promise to do "every hing in my power" to help. Some GOP leaders think the ^resident's assurances mean h> vill decide to run again. Others believe he is determined o take as active a part as his lealth will permit. New Speculation New speculation arose over the resident's 1956 role. yesterday vhen he sent a message to a Chi ago meeting of the Republican National 'Committee, saying: "You have a splendid record to ubrfiit to the voters in 1956. I tersonally am proud of Republican chievements for the peace anc ie prosperity arid the security o; American people. I shall do verything in -my power next year help you report Hie record ac- uralely and fully to the country.' Cheer, Applaud Members jumped lo their feel 'ith applause and cheers when -hairman Leonard W. Hall reac he message. Hall told the commitleemen that ie President "says he will lead." He said later there is not "the jghtest doubt in my mind" but iat the President intends to take ie most active part he can in the ampaign. To Continue Record Gov. Theodore R. McKeldin of laryland said he believes the resident will do all he can lo report" and "continue" the rec- rd of his-administration. "I believe that if he is convinced e is the man'to continue that ecord, he will be the candidate," :cKeldin said. , The committee wound up a two- ay Chicago meeting with a pledge wage a "precinct crusade for iclory in 1956." Every Precinct Manned Hall said every precinct in the atjon will be manned by GOP orkers. Secretary of Labor Mitchell ex- orted the committee members to ;ell the story of Republican chievements, again and again, om every street corner." Eastland Urges South Campaign For Segregation \ JACKSON, Miss. Ul—Sen. James Eastland (D-Miss) predicted there can be "total and complete victory" in the fight to retain segregation if the South unites to overthrow what he called the strous crime" committed by the! Civil Rights Advocates Claim Victory At Young Demo Meet J • Cy OKLAHOMA CITY l.fl — 'Strong!integration. Richard Nevins, Pasa- advocalcs of civil rights claimed dena, principal advocate on the a major victory at the Young Democrats natonal convention today but. a floor fight still appeared likely over the controversial resolution. A strengthened resolution, commending states which are complying with recent integration rulings, was approved in committee 9-8 last night despite opposition of Southern delegates and some Northerners who felt it would hurt the parly. U is possible a minority report will be brought onto the floor Saturday for a full-dress debate. Delegates from California introduced (he resolution commending •latcs which'are moving toward Resolutions Committee, said passage was a "nust" for California delegates, adding, "We cannot go home without it." Also bearing committee approval was an earlier resolution urging continued efforts to eradicate discrimination and supporting equal opportunities for all races. Yesterday, Sen. Estes Kcfauvcr (D-Tcnn). in the keynote address, rapped the Republican administration for failing to make gains in both foreign and domestic fields. His speech criticized the Eisenhower administration for its record on foreign affairs, farm issues, labor, schools and public power. Pots Injured n Home Fire BALTIMORE W — Two small lildren were seriously burned to- ay when they were trapped in a aming house. Carried out by firemen were Caln Minor, 15 months old, and his ousin, Crystal! Bell, 8 months old. Calvin was admitted to St. Joeph's Hospital with second and ird degree burns over 40 per cent his body. The girl had similar urns over 35-per cent of her body. A passerby helped three other mall children out of the building. George E. Tompson told firemen he broke down a door to reach the screaming children. He Has Formula Dr. Maurice J. Lewi, president of the New York College of Podiatry, lights a cigar from > his 98th birthday cake and tells reporters he has no thought of retiring. He attributes his long life to forbears with a background of longevity, to eating sparingly and to taking a "stimulant" before dinner and before retiring. !AP Photofox) Georgia Asks 'Segregation 9 For Athletics Action By Governor flight Knock Tech Out Of Sugar BoM'l Contest ATLANTA I/P) — Gov. Marvin rriffin today called on the Board f Regents of the university sys- em to prevent Georgia colleges rom engaging in athletic contests vith teams which have Negroes on heir squads In a telegram to Robert 0. Arnd, of Covington, chairman of the State Board-* of Regents, Griffin aid: •"It as my request that athletic earns of' units of the university yslem of Georgia not be permit- ed to engage in contests with oth- r teams where the races arc nixed -on such teams, or where egregation is not required among :pectator"s at such events." Georgia Tech has a date to play n the Sugar Bowl at New Orleans an. 2 against Pittsburgh which as a Negro on its team. Asked if his telegram to Arnold vas not in effect an order for Tech to cancel its Sugar Bowl game if the Negro is allowed to play, Griffin said "the wording of the telegram speaks for itself." . The message to Arnold added: "The South stands at Armageddon: The battle is joined. We cannot make the-slightest concession to the enemy in this dark and lamentable hour of struggle. There is no more difference in compromising integrity of race on the playing field than in doing so in the classrooms. One break in the dyke and the relentless seas will rush in and destroy us.-We are in this fight 100 per cent, not 98 per cent, not 75 per cent, not 64 per cent—but a full 100 per cent." Eisenhower, Top Defense Heads Meet Wilson, Radford Go To Gettysburg, Air Next Year's Plans GETTYSBURG. Pa. - (INS) President Eisenhower conferred today with his two top defense advisers and the White House indicated that next year's military spending program was discussed. The chief executive drove over slippery roads from his farm to his ettysburg office for a one-hour, 15-minute talk with Defense Secretary Charles E. Wilson and Adm. Arthur W. Raclford. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. •Presidential n e w s secretary James C. Hagerty said it was "logical to assume" that they talked about next year's military budget among other matters. Resumes Weekly Talks Hagerty added that-the conference was a resumption of the "pattern" of weekly talks with defense chiefs the President followed be- 'ore his Sept. 24 heart attack. Wilson and Radford drove from Washington for the session with .he President. They met with Mr. Eisenhower n the wake of Thursday's strategy- making meeting of the National Security Council and in advance of high-level talks next week on .he military budget. Delayed By Slippery Roads The President got to his office a i:25 a. m. (EST). Wilson and Rad ord arrived at 9:32 'a. m., two ninnies late for the scheduiec meeting because the slippery roads lowed their trip from Washington. Meanwhile, persons, close to Mr. Eisenhower said that they are eon- inced he will run ror a seconc erm despite his heart attack. \rrive JFof Ike Conference Adm. Arthur L. Radford, right, chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, walk up the front steps of President Eisenhower's .Gettysburg office today. They discussed military plans with the President. (AP Photofax) Head Of GM Defends Firm Sales, Ethics WASHINGTON Ml - President larlow H. Curtice said today Genral Motors Corp. has prospcrec iccause it "has been able to offer ;reater dollar value in its prod- ,cts." In -a general reply to testimony f competitors, former dealers anc have complained of practices before the in win- Grains Mixed CHICAGO Hi — Grains opened mixed in a slow trade on the Board of Trade today. Minus signs were in a majority but losses were very small. mon .|Stocks Irregular NEW YORK wv-The stock mar- thers who ome of its enate Antitrust and Monop- ly subcommittee, Curtice said: "I know of no management or- anization that has a higher sland- rd of business ethics, a greater ense of public responsibility or a nore genuine regard for the equi- es of the various groups with /inch we have contact — customers, employes, suppliers, dealers nd shareholders." GM has been successful ing the votes of customers be- ause we not* only have priced ompctitively but also have con- .antly striven to build greater values into our products," he said. He said GM did more than 12 billion dollars worth of defense production in the 1940-45 war period at "one half its normal profit margin on civilian goods." GM defense contracLs on Sept. 30 amounted to 635 million dollars compared ', with three billion of unfilled contracts at the end of 1952, he said, and the total of new projects assigned by the Defense Department to GM from Jan. 1, 1953, to Sept. 30, 1955, "had a value of only 526,383,000 dollars, or less than 1 per cent of total orders received in this period." An additional $1,877,475,000 of what Curtice called "repeat business" Soviet Hopes To Rule Cited By Adenauer West Must Clarify Sland Freedom, Not Slavery, Stronger BONN, Germany. Ml — Chancel lor Konrad Adenauer declared to day Soviet leaders "arc convincec that the. Soviet Union will one day rule the world." , "Against this view.the'West'mus! make clear its conviction that ,fr;ce- dom is stronger than slavery," -the Chancellor told Parliament. Deputies cheered and applaudec when the 79-year-old leader rose for his first speech since he became ill early. in October. At the conclusion of the debate the deputies approved by a show of hands a resolution appealing to the Soviet Union "to fulfill the ob- igation accepted by the Soviet Union for the reunification of Germany by free elections in accordance with the national interests ol the German people and the interest of European security." It said .reunification would provide the basis of lasting peace between the German and Soviet peoples. The resolution called on Aden- auer's' government to continue all efforts' to attain reunification in cooperation with the U. S., British and French governments. Speaking in a firm, clear voice, Adenauer commented briefly on the demand by opposition Socialist eader Erich Ollenhauer for direct German-Russian negotiations on German unification. The Chancelor declared: "Our policy is not standing still. ! recognize the danger that the population of Communist East Germany could become accustomed to ;he division of Germany. A further greater danger- is that world will continuing lerman problem." become weary of negotiations over the the the Adlai's Reception In Florida Buoys Election Outlook -MIAMI, Fla. on— Adlai Stevenson ivound up his first tour of the 1956 presidential campaign today with an aching right lopes buoyed by hand but with a reception his on earlier projects also was awarded to U. S. Supreme Court when iti ket . was irregular in quiet earlyjthe corporation during that peri- banned segregation. trading today. Eastland said last night that "the law of nature is on our side." He addressed a statewide meeting of Citizens Councils last night and proposed a regional commission to lead a nonviolent battle of public opinion against racial integration. "Our position is righteous," Eastland told the 2,500 delegates to the first statewide council rally. "The great majority o." the rank and file of the people of the north believe exactly as we do." i The group endorsed the proposed od. At Least 69 Dead 4 Saf e Driving Day' Road Toll Exceeds Last Year By The Associated Press The nation's automobile traffic deaths- on Safe Driving Day commission. Xh F^ii/nH h7! cf l ualcd a comparable recent day which Eastlanri be-.'...., .. ' ,„. lievcs should be financed by public funds. . "lin which there was no concentrat- Safely Clause cd campaign. H far surpassed last year's S-D day total of 51. An Associated Press survey today showed a total of 69 deaths CHARLESTON, S. C.—(INS)— A yesterday, equal lo the 69 Iraffic youngster" scribbled this after-jdcaths counted in an AP survey thought on the back of his leller to Sania Claus: "Mailman, if this doesn't cct there in 30 days, please walk faster." on Thursday, Nov. 17, which was made for comparison. The first observance of S-D day was last Dec. 15, when the toll was 51. Although S-D Day fatalities were higher, this year than in 1954, it, appeared that nearly half the states observed the day without a. single traffic death. The survey also disclosed (hat most of the major cities, including New York, Chicago and Detroit, had no fatalities. The biggest cities reporting deaths were Philadelphia, Los An- gclcs and Minneapolis, each wil.li one fatality. No Iraffic fatalities were reported in New England. There were three last year. supporters said far exceeded expectations. His handshaking campaign swing down the Florida peninsula, gave him a jump on the field in a bid for the state's delegation to the Democratic National Convention. A Stevenson slate is expected to be entered in Florida's presidential preference primary May] 29, but the former Illinois governor said he wasn't sure at this time whether he would get a chance to return to do some more active campaigning. The only primary Stevenson said he had made definite arrangements to enter is the Minnesota primary in early March. Stevenson's principal compel! lion in Florida is expected to come from Sen. Eslcs Kcfauver of Tennessee. Taxpayer Must Fill Out Return WASHINGTON UB —Unless you are illiterate, incapacitated or unable to real English, don't expect the revenue service to fill out your next income tax form. But it will still help you do your own. Gone, said the agency yesterday, is it's "unlimited service to all taxpayers in the preparation of their returns," During the tax-paying period which runs from Jan.- 1 through next April 16, the service's employes will "assist"- in: the filing'of the .returns—and. that's 'all' unless 'tlie'taxpayer} qualifies -under the three''excepV. tlons. ' . ''..'•• 'Stupid' West Under Attack By Red Boss RANGOON, Burma W) — From a seat in one of the Buddhisi world's most venerated shrines Vikila S. Khrushchev launched a bitter, impromptu tirade today against the "stupidity" of. Wesl- ,ern nations. Red-faced with anger and point- ng his 'finger wildly, • the Soviel Communist party chieftain accused he United States and France of attempting to kidnap a Russian vis- tqr. He also had some derisive words for the British. , Chatting with Burmese ambas sador to Russia Maung Ohn and oreign correspondents, Khrushchev admired the' temple's few good carvings, (hen lashed out: "England (which freed Burma n 1948) did jiob exist before Wiliam the Conqueror. "Your temples arc 2,000 years old and theirs only 1,000 years — /el they call you savages and bar- difficult history is to barians. "How :hange — because there are some eople who refuse to change it." Next came a discussion of archi- Continued on Page 2, Col. 2) Man Believed Hit. Injured By Train COLLEGE PARK, Md. M 1 ) - A ilaunton, Va., farmer was found njured today along the Baltimore ; Ohio Railroad tracks in Sunny- ide just north of College Park. Authorities believe Carlyle eard, 34, was struck by a moving rain. He had wandered away from his brother-in-law's home during Ihe nighl. Three Union Men Oppose Healing Split Quill, Of New York Transport Workers, Leads Dissenters • By JAMES DEVLIN NEW YORK l-n-The AFL and CIO merged today into a single federation of 16,000.000 members- largest organized labor force iri the free world. . The CFO voted overwhelming ap-. proval in its final convention session in the Hotel New Yorker. •• . The AFL endorsed, the merger unanimously, in its convention in the Hotel Statler yesterday.' The combined organization, to be known as the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations will meet in convention here Monday. •••.-•• 1 Quill Objects The CIO stamp of endorsement came over heated objections from Michael J. Quill, president of tha 90,000-member Transport Workers Union, composed' largely of .New York City bus and subway em- ployes. In a rollcall vole, Quill recorded his union as opposed to the merger. • .' • .... The only other dissenting .votes came from Dominic MeroUa, ,o( the Wilkes-Barre. Pa., Industrial Council of the United Sleelwork- ers, and Frank England -of the Springfield, 111., Industrial Council. -,..;. ; Under AFL Thumb Quill argued that the merger would place the CIO under an AFL thumb, lie charged also that the proposed constitution of the combined organization lacked sufficient safeguards against racial discrimination, racketeering and inter-union raiding. ^ . An array of other CIO leader* took issue with Quill's stand, "f They included Walter P. .'Jleii- liier, CIO president; .David J. McDonald, head or the steelworkers; and Joseph A, Beirne, president of tlie communications workers. .They said .that, even if'there were disagreement' over actual wording .of the constitution, the i w organization could 'be depended upon to implement the words with spirit. ""•' George Meany, AFL president' will head the combined organization,, to be known officially as .the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). i. Walter P. Reuther, the CIO president, is expected to hold a major aost in the new. organization as lead of its Industrial Union Der partment. ... The combined AFL-CIO will go nto a single convention from Monday through Friday next week in the 71st Regiment Armory. Williams Hits At Stevenson OKLAHOMA' CITY— (INS)—GOV. . Mennen Williams of Michigan, who disagrees with Adlai'Steven- ion's "moderation" theme, lashed >ut anew today at Stevenson in:* ipeech before the national conven- ion of Young Democrats at Okla- loma City. In an address prepared for de- ivery at the second day of the hree-day national conclave o£ Young Democrats, Williams chfd- 2d the only announced candidate or the 1956 Democratic presiden- ial nomination by declaring: . 'The Democratic Party is riot now and I pray never will be one n which members are spoon-fed redigested opinions from on high and are made to stand in the cor- ler if they refuse to swallow them vhen they happen to disagree." Williams, who has urged Sleven- nn to follow a "more progressive, iberal" line, obliquely criticized he former Illinois governor by ay ing: • "It shocks me when I hear small alk on small plans discussed." : Man Dies In Mishap SILVER SPRING. Md. Wi—William T. Galvin, 33-year-old Bostonian employed by the General Ac- counling Office in Washington, was killed in nn accident early today only 20 minulcs after Maryland had fioll.cn IhrnuRh "Safe Driving Day" without a fatal mishap. Prices Continue Rise; Slight Adds Glow To Boom By SAM DAWSON ' NEW YORK Wi—Prices continue their upward trend. Thu increases are slight and so far consumers have scarcely noted them. The touch of inflation, in fact, lends to add to the glow of the business boom by swelling the dollar volume of production and sales. The consumer hasn't minded much because the one price he worries most about—the price of food—hasn't been touched yel. But meat prices may have about hit bottom now. Government forecasts stress that rising prices of live- slock are to be expected as the season of heavy marketing ends. Price advances this week have been announced for shoes and carpels, for cement nnd some plastics, for some steel products, copper, tin and silver. Transit fares and commuting costs rise here and there. The oil industry, although it has unused capacity, is debating a price rise in crude oil. A number of steel men stress that further rises in that basic commodity are in order. In almost all instances the price hikes have been blamed on rising costs of materials or labor or distribution, or of all ihree. A little inflation actually has widespread popular appeal. It'* likely lo make timcc look a little better than they are. Deflation, on the other hand, brings out immediate squaks. Witness the current rockus over credit restraint curbs and the decline in building.
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