'DailyJournal 101st YEAR NO. 158 FERGUS FALLS, M1NNESOTA56537 SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1974 SINGLE COPY In Ms own behalf Ehrlichman plans to testify WASHINGTON lAPt - A „! ,.,._.„,.. f WASHINGTON (AP) - A federal judge has indicated he may require Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to testify in the plumbers trial. At the same time, U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell slapped down an attempt by lawyers for John D. Ehrlichman to obtain written questions and answers from President Nixon for use as evidence in the trial. Kissinger, now traveling in Europe for meetings with NATO allies, has been named in trial testimony as among those who hoped to damage the public image of Daniel Ellsberg in 1971. Ehrlichman's attorneys are seeking Kissinger's testimony because they believe he will poke holes in the credibility of a principal prosecution witness, David R. Young. Ehrlichman and three others are accused of plotting a bur- glary at the office of Ellsberg's psychiatrist, Dr. Lewis J Fielding of Beverly Hills, Calif. The break-in on Sept. 3, 1971 was carried off by the p!umbers, a special White House investigative unit charged in part with finding out all they could about Ellsberg. The former scholar and Pentagon analyst leaked the Pentagon Papers study of the Vietnam War to the press. In the plumbers trial, the prosecution rested its case Friday following five days of testimony. Ehrlichman, until last April 30 White House domestic affairs chief, is to testify in his own behalf Monday, but his lawyers began his case with lesser witnesses Friday. At the close of the prosecution's case, Gesell said he may dismiss one of the five counts against Ehrlichman even if the jury returns a guilty verdict. Pink lady's slipper, Minnesota state flower Pink lady's slipper rare state flower Minnesota's choicest wildflower, the pink lady's slipper, designated the state flower in 1893, passed its blooming peak about a week ago. Despite a strict law to prevent its extinction, the showy flower is becoming more and more rare. Morgan Plowman, owner o! Maple Leaf Resort, guards a marshy area near East Lost Lake where the pink lady's slipper has gained ground since 1916 when he bought the land and it's no longer a pasture for cattle. TheS.B. Johnsons, 319 W. Alcott, have had success nuturing the state flower in their yard for a number of years. This year they had 40 blooms. A new plant an inch high in 1953 bloomed for the first time June 21 this year. A plant may live to be 50 years old. The state flower, which grows best in cool damp woodlands and isolated swamps, is a native orchid and does not obtain moisture or nutrition from the soil. It's fed by a tiny fungus which lives in its roots and the plant needs fresh leaf-mold each year. The seeds are as fine as dust and are scattered by the wind to germinate if conditions are ideal. The common wild columbine with its delicate odd- shaped flowers may be one of the best known wild- Dowers in Minnesota It flourishes amid rocks or boulders, on shady banks and wooded slopes. The wild columbine grows in abundance from Nova Scotia to the Northwest Territory and south to Florida and Texas. It's generally cherished and is protected by law in some areas. The bloom comes later in Minnesota than the first spring flowers such as bloodroot, trilium, dutchmen's breeches, violets and marsh marigold. Officials probe weapons fheff LOS ANGELES (AP) - Authorities were investigating the possibility today that inside information was available to burglars who took more than 100 weapons and thousands of rounds of ammunition from a California Army National 4 appear on beef complaint Four persons appeared in County Court Friday morning on charges stemming from alleged illegal operation of a bulk meat sales plant in Battle Lake. Marvin Hutcheson, 53, Lincoln, Neb., Ronald Schar- vin, 22, Cedar Rapids, Neb., Leon Bruhn, 23, Leigh, Neb. and Susan Fuhr, 20, Leigh, Neb., each face four felony counts in connection with alleged "bait and switch" tactics for retail sale of beef from the Battle Lake Beef Company. A complaint filed in County Court by Otter Tail County Sheriff Carlton Mortensen charges each of the four with three counts of theft by swindle, false pretenses and criminal conspiracy, and one county each of obtaining signatures by false pretenses. The complaint ways that the company placed ad- Continued on Page 4 Guard armory in suburban Compton. "I've been a cop 10 years and I worked in burglary for three years and I've never seen a more professional job," Compton police Sgt. Cliff Smith said. "They had that place covered like a blanket. They knew exactly what to do, where to go and what to take. There was no wasted effort." He said the burglars appeared to have just the right equipment to accomplish their job. "Nothing inside the armory was used to get where they were going," Smith told a reporter Friday night. The Authorities said they had no hard leads on who was responsible for the theft while the armory was not guarded, some time between Wednesday morning and Wednesday night. Investigators said they also were studying the possibility that the theft was engineered by a terrorist organization. Military authorities listed the stolen weapons and ammunition as: 96 M16 rifles; seven M60 machine guns; eight M79 grenade launchers; one .45^aliber automatic pistol and 156 bayonets; 3,360 rounds of 5.56mm M16 bullets; 1,000 rounds of 7.62mm machine gun bullets; 45 rounds of .45-caliber bullets; 40 grenades; 16 smoke grenades; 100 riot grenades and 75 gas masks. If operable, the material taken could fully equip an army combat company, an FBI agent said. Ehrlichman is charged with lying during an FBI interview last spring, and Gesell has said he doubts the constitutionality of the federal perjury law as applied to statements by FBI agents. The statements are based upon interviews with defend- ents with no one else present as in court or grand jury testimony. While indicating reservations about the charge, Gesell denied motions by defense attorneys requesting that all charges against Ehrlichman be dismissed. Among the witnesses on Friday was Dr. Bernard Malloy, of the CIA's medical support division, whose usual task is to prepare psychiatric profiles on foreign leaders. Malloy testified that the plumbers called on him in August, 1971, to violate CIA tradition and prepare a profile on Ellsberg. On Aug. 12,1971, Malloy said, he was summoned to meet with the four principal members of the plumbers, defendent G. Gordon Liddy, E. Howard Hunt, and the prosecution's major witnesses, Young and Egil (Bud) Krogh. At the meeting, Malloy testified, he was told by Young that both Ehrlichman and Kissinger had personally requested the CIA psychiatric study of Ellsberg. Malloy added, "1 was informed the President was also aware of the study, which was to be a multi-faceted approach." At the time, Ellsberg had been indicted by a federal grand jury on charges growing out of the leaking of the Pentagon papers. It was the belief that highly personal information about Ellsberg was required which led to the break-in at Fielding's office. The psychiatrist had refused to discuss Ellsberg with FBI agents. Lawyers for Ehriichman said Kissinger will testify he never asked for the psychiatric profile. Former White House special' counsel Charles W. Colson testified this week that Kissinger was among those, including President Nixon, who hoped through press leaks or information provided to congressional committees to smear Ellsberg's reputation. On Friday, the White House sought to quash a defense subpoena for Kissinger's appearance. A statement initialed by Kissinger says he knows nothing of the guilty or innocence of any of the defendants. Although not issuing a final ruling on the White House request, U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell said Kissinger should "hold himself in readiness," which is a polite way of saying he is still under subpoena. Gesell has received at least two sets of proposed questions for Nixon to answer. Mayor discounts plans for 'outside' campaign Common Wild Columbine ByTOMHINTGEN Wire Editor Despite invitations to run for other political offices, Fergus Falls Mayor Barbara Donoho discounts any "outside" campaign plans and says her primary concerns involve work with city government, the West Central Regional Commission and the Minnesota Futures Commission. Mrs. Donoho recently turned down an invitation from independent gubernatorial candidate James Miles to run as a candidate for state lieutenant governor. Miles, a founder of Control Data Corp., eventually selected his wife to run as a candidate for the state's second highest office. "I don't have any political aspirations," Mrs. Donoho said in an interview. She also emphasized that her first commitments involve her duties as a wife and mother. Mrs. Donoho was encouraged by some Republicans to seek the GOP nomination as Seventh District Congressional candidate. Dan Reber of Breckenridge sought and successfully won the Republican nomination and will oppose U.S. Rep. Bob BergLand, incumbent Democrat from Roseau. The mayor has also been approached with the possibility of running for the state legislature. Cal Larson, House District 11-A representative, will not be seeking re-election. Gene Wenstrom, a DFI^er from Elbow Lake, is thus far the only announced candidate for the District 11-A post. "My primary concern is and always has been our community," Mrs. Donoho stresses. "When I was encouraged to run for mayor it was an extension of my years in volunteer activities." Taking note of the trend to include more women in politics, the mayor believes many of the political invitations offered to her were made because of beliefs that her candidacy would be "good politics." Since taking office, Mrs. Donoho has not been involved with partisan politics to any great degree. Her only partisan activities, she states, involved attendance at precinct caucuses. The mayor represents Region 4 on the Minnesota Futures Commission, a panel that is presently working on recommendations involving the future of Minnesota (with special emphasis on governments at all levels of the state). A final report will eventually be submitted to the governor and state legislature. Mrs. Donoho has served one year as secretary and board member for the West Central Regional Commission. "I believe the only way for out- state Minnesota to have any impact on what happens in the future in the state is by taking advantage of and making the regional concept work," she says. The Regional Commission will hold its annual meeting Tuesday evening. Union donations to House panel members revealed Increased costs noted in processing of meat By LOUISE COOK Associated Press Writer The middleman in the chain that brings beef from the ranch to the shopping cart is getting more of your dollar than ever before. But he says his profit is being gnawed away by everything from higher labor costs to more expensive meat saws. Industry spokesmen say wages and fringe benefits are 10 to 15 per cent higher than last year; the light bill is anywhere from 10 to 60 per cent higher; paper bags and other packaging are up 25 per cent or more; and those meat saws are almost 16 per cent more expensive than they were last year. Elias Paul is president of John Morrell Co., one of the nation's largest packing houses. He buys the steer at the feed- Off Page One On the local scene. Page 3 ( Actors tickle audience In Oliver opening night Page 5 Area sports happenings. Page8 lot, slaughters it and sells it to the supermarket which sells it to you. The latest Agriculture Department marketbasket showed the price of farm- produced food increased three- tenths of 1 per cent in May. That meant that on an annual basis, it cost $1,733 to feed a hypothetical family of 3.2 persons — up $5 from April. The government said that if middlemen had passed along the savings resulting from lower prices paid to farmers, the consumer would have saved $34 on an annual basis. Morrell, a part of United Brands, had 1973 sales of $1.25 billion. Profits, said Paul, were "less than 1 per cent ... The company has never made as much as a cent per pound." The packer got 7.4 cents of the dollar you spent for beef Ihis April, compared to 6.2 cents a year ago. The industry claims the money is going for increased costs. Paul said he could not provide specific expense figures for the beginning of 1974 compared to previous years. He said that 75 cents out of every dollar that Morrell spends to produce the meat for shipment to supermarkets goes for the meat itself. Half of the rest, he said, goes for labor, adding that wages and fringe benefits for some employes have risen $1 an hour in the past year. The average industry wage is $8.29, compared to $7.41 last year. Paul said earnings for the beginning of 1974 are below last year, but he declined to give the figures. The animal that Morrell slaughters is sold to supermarkets like Pantry Pride- Food Fair, the nation's fourth- largest chain in terms of sales. Supermarkets are getting 30.6 cents of your beef dollar, compared to 26.7 cents last year. Clarence Adamy, head of the National Association of Food Chains, recently urged all retail stores to feature beef, to offer more specials, to move the meat to the consumer, creating a greater demand, getting rid of the oversupply and pushing up wholesale prices. The supermarkets say they already have been bringing down the price of meat, even if the consumer doesn't think so. They argue that government figures don't take into account the time lag between a drop at the wholesale level and a decline at the supermarket counter. "We have made sure that consumers do get the benefit of lower wholesale prices by lowering our retail meat prices," said Harold Friedland, vice president of Pantry Pride-Food Fair. Pantry Pride had a net profit of just over $2 million last year, about one-tenth of one per cent. One reason for the below- average figures was the closing of unprofitable stores and the loss of $4 million in assets. This year, the chain expects sales of $2.3 billion and increased profits. John Kovaleski is the manager of a Pantry Pride supermarket in Newark, N,J. He presides over a $6 to $7 million business a year, but says he has virtually no autonomy. Kovaleski does not have the power to set the price on any item — unless it is perishable and will not last the night. The shipments he gets are billed at retail prices. He's told what his gross profit is, but doesn't know the net figures. Those figures all are kept at Continued on page 4 WASHINGTON (AP) - Labor unions have donated $13,355 in campaign funds to eight members of the House Judiciary Committee since it began its impeachment inquiry, with 30 per cent of it coming from the pro-Nixon Teamsters union. Campaign finance reports show that only three of the 38 members have received more than $1,000 from labor unions since last October. All three received money both from unions favoring impeachment and from the anti-impeachment Teamsters. Critics have suggested that the impeachment proceedings might be unfairly influenced by the AFL-CIO, whose leaders have called for Nixon's ouster. The AFL-CIO usually donates heavily to Democratic congressional campaigns. A study of campaign finance reports shows that the AFIr-CIO itself had donated no money to any member of the impeachment panel since the inquiry started. Unions affiliated with the WEATHER FERGUS FAUS AREA Variable cloudiness with chance of a thunderstorm through Sunday. High today and Sunday mid to upper 80s. l>ow tonight upper 50s to mid 60s. Chance of rain 30 per cenl through Sunday. High Friday 93. Overnight Low 69. At 8 a.m. 70. At 11 a.m. 86. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today .07. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 92. Minimum 69. AFL-CIO, a few of which are lukewarm in their support for the pro-impeachment stand of the federation's leadership have donated $8,125. The United Auto Workers, an independent union that formally advocates impeachment, has given $ 1,180. The Teamsters have given $4,050. More than half the total amount, $7,400, went to a single member, Edward Mezvinsky, a first-term Iowa Democrat who faces a tough re-election race this year. He reported getting $3,000 from the Teamsters and $4,400 from the UAW and AFL- CIO unions. The second-largest total, $3,125, went to Democrat Barbara Jordan, of Houston. She reported $500 from the Teamsters and $2,625 from the UAW and AFL- CIO unions. Democrat Charles Rangel of New York City is listed as receiving $500 from the Teamsters and $550 from pro-impeachment unions. One of the most ardent Nixon critics on the committee, Democrat Jerome Waldie of Berkeley, Calif., split with the state AFL-CIO leadership during his recent, losing campaign for the party's nomination for governor. Nevertheless, he received $500 from an AFL-CIO union and $30 from the auto workers. Two Republicans received money from labor unions. John Railsbaek of Illinois got $500 from the anti-Nixon auto workers, and the pro-Nixon Teamsters reported giving $50 to Joseph J, Maraziti of New Jersey, The only other union donations since October went to Democrat John Conyers of Detroit, who reported $500 from an AFL-CIO union, and Democrat Wayne Owens of Utah, who was listed for $200 from the auto workers.
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