TUESDAY, JUNE 16, 1953 BLTTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE NINE Red 'Peace Partisans' Meet But Many Aren't Communists By WILLIAM A. RYAN (AP Foreign News Analyst) The delegates who call themselves peace partisans convened yesterday In Budapest in an atmosphere k'htch, (or them, must be electric. The directors, the shapers of the resolutions, the guiders of this meeting are all trusted Communist agents M the Kremlin. But In the assemblage are many who do not consider themselves Communists. They are important to the architects of this movement, because 'hey, rather than the known Com\ tounisls, will carry back the messages and the propaganda. In the background of this meet- Ing, put off several times to await ivorld developments, are the events in Korea, the wave of Soviet conciliation and apparent reasonableness in Europe, and rising tensions Rmong and, within "Western countries. The meeting has been timed with a great flair for drama. Who are the "partisans" who attend this so-called World Congress nf Peace? Since they are a Soviet treatfon, the Soviet definition is authoritative. "Economic Problems of Socialism in the USSH," the brochure attributed to Stalin as his swansong, defines the peace partisans;: "It is most probable that the present peace movement, as a movement for the preservation of peace, will, should it be^ successful, result in the prevention of a particular war, in its postponement, a bellicose government and its re- ular peace, to the resignation of a temporary preservation of a partic- (iiready to preserve peace for the Placement by another government I time being . . " More "Peace" Talk V. M. Molotov says; ' 'The defense of peace and democracy now relies on a mighty international peace partisans movement which embraces hundreds of millions of people, including many millions of peace partisans in the countries of j capitalism ..." The new Premier, Georgi Malen- kov, says: "In connecton wth the mounting threat. of war, a movement of all peoples in defense of peace Is developing, and an anti- various classes and . social strata Interested in ending the international tension and averting a new *var. . . . This peace movement does not pursue the aim of abolishing capitalism, for it is not a socialist movement but a democratic movement of hundreds of millions of people. The peace partisans are advancing demands and proposals for the development of peace and prevention of a new war. In the present historical circumstances, the attainment of this end would be a tremendous triumph for the cause of democracy and peace." (In Communist language, "the cause of democracy and peace" means the Soviet cause.) Temporary Stressed j Note the accent on the temporary nature of the peace for which these "partisans" strive. A particular war, a particular peace, a peace for the time being, a particular government overthrown—these are the aims, and they are Soviet aims. But permanent peace? It is not possible in Soviet Communist thinking while any "capitalist" or "imperialist" country remains a power in the world. The clash, says Soviet doctrine, must eventually come, and one side or the other must emerge victorious. This particular, temporary peace for which the peace partisans carry the ball suits present Soviet strategy. Until it is invincible, the USSR will not take the risk of an all-out war, and the USSR is far from invincible, either internally or externally. But all the statements of Soviet leaders showed recently their firm belief that Western economies were shored up by military spending, that without this spending there Would inevitably be an economic crisis of capitalism, and that this would lead to general collapse. The aim, it seems obvious, is a Soviet peace—that is, ' a peace which would permit Soviet communism to do as it pleased. A peace which in actuality is, as Lenin once taught, another form of war. Loss of North Korea Seen without Unity WASHINGTON I/P) — The Sou,th Korean ambassador. You Chan Yang, says that unless his embattled country is unified the northern portion will be completely communized and will become a part of Red China. Aready, he said on a Du Mont television program, "North Koreans art being rapidly replaced with Chinese Communists — thoroughly indoctrinated Communists — and Koreans are being eliminated." When a person is struck by lightning, he probably is hit first by an ground toward the charge descend- electrical charge traveling from the ing from the clouds. Bill May Alter Hospital Plans New* Federal Law Could Change State Spending Program WASHINGTON Iff) — Rep. Oren Harris (D-Ark) has introduced an amendment to a federal hospital program bill which may cause a major shift in Arkansas' hospital irogram. Harris' amendment would prevent more than 60 per cent of federal funds in excess of one million dollars received by any state "rom being used for hospital construction in any one service area. The bill which Harris' would amend is designed to extend the federal hospital program for two vears beyond June 30, 1055. A bill appropriating 50 million dollars for the hospital program already has passed the House and ; now is in the Senate, The bill I shaved 10 millions from the 60 j Trillion dollars recommended by he Eisenhower administration. Th Truman administration had bud geted 75 million dollars for thi lospital program. Arkansas' share of the approprla tion is $1,095,000, programmed most Jy for the University Medical Cente and St Vincent's Infirmary at Lit tie Rock. Arkansas originally had planner a $1,650,000 program, based on fund, it would have received under thi Truman recommendation. Would Spread Spending Under that plan, St. Vincent'; would have received $997,136, thi University Medical Center $599,000 and a Ft Smith hospital, $50,000. If Harris' amendment is passed bj Congress this is what would happen to Arkansas' hospital program: The state could use only aboui J650,000 for construction in Little Rock and the balance of tbe appropriation would be applied elsewhere assuming there are other high priority projects, Harris said he does not object to Just in Time for Father's Day...June 21st SPECIAL All men's Summer shoes, including leathers, leather and nylon combinations are reduced $2.00 a pair this weekl c-o-o-l Or DISTINCTIVE SHOES FOR MEN Here's the gift Father will love . . , and you save a big S2 on each pair purchased this week at Heuer's. We urge you to shop early and take advantage of this big savings! R, S . ,*. 695, 0 1295 421 ONE STOP SHOE SERVICE REPAIRING — CLEANING — DYKING W. Main I'hune 35-19 SEAGOING JEEP—U. S. Marines are soldiers of the sea, So it's only appropriate that they have a seagoing jeep. It's the Mighty Mite, pictured here during tests in the Potomac River n*ar the Quantico, Va., Marine base. The Mite is kept afloat by four inflated rubber tubes. It is propelled and steered by the wheels. The oversized notches on the tire treads are big enough to act as "paddle wheels" and move the vehicle forward or back- Either Way, They're Watching WASHINGTON (A>) — If you keep good tax records, Uncle Sam may send you a note telling you so. If you err on your return, but In all honesty, your tax collector will drop around or send a letter explaining what's wrong and how to avoid future slip-ups. This new Internal Revenue Bureau program of educating taxpayers has been outliner by Depu- ty Revenue Commissioner O. Gordon Delk. "Greatest immediate revenue is not our goal." he says. "If it were, we would assign all our revenue agents to the highest bracket tax returns . , . "The tax obtained from an audit of a tax return is far less important, revenue wise, than setting a taxpayer straight for years to com J." construction o> the Little Rock hospitals but he pointed out that Hope, Ark., has been trying unsuccessfully to get a. share of the federal allotment for a hospital. The congressman said the city has voted some $300,000 in bonds and is paying interest on them for its share in a 80-bed hospital costing about S800.000. Under this plan, Hope could be judged a high priority area and receive federal funds o start construction Birds Unperturbed By Daily Bugle Blasts VANCOUVER. Wnsh. (/Pi — A mother robin is raising a family atop the loudspeaker at the Vancouver barracks provost marshal's office. She and her four 2-week-old ba-! bies apparently aren't ruffled at all I by the 13 bugle calls that ore blasted through the loudspeaker almost every day. I Fishermen Protest Guns Tests UCHINADA. Japan (/P) — A thousand residents of this Central Japan fishing village yesterday staged a sUdown protest aaginst continued use p a nearby U. S. Army firing range, Kyorio news agency said. They clustered just outside the tenreci-in area, forcing the U. S. j soldiers to use short-range ammu- j nit ion. i Another thousand Japanese dem- ! onstrated in the streets. They say the noise is disturbing and that presence of American soldiers raises a morals problem in the village, from which most of the able-bodied Japanese men are away on fishing trips much of the year. The Japanese government said only; 20 Americans are stationed in the area'. The Japane government in May . renewed indefinitely a lease on the sand dune area for U. S. testing of, shells manufactured in Japan. It caid the area is the only suitable one and it will pay up to a million ! dollars compensation to villagers. | •OMMM TV Service-Center NEIL ROSS Trained Technician for radio and television repair, industrial electronics, and basic radio en- Farmers Get $10.5 Billion In 5 Months WASHINGTON W)—The Agriculture Department reported yesterday that farmers' cash receipts from marketings totaled 11)^ billion dol- lars during the first live month* of this year. That was n decline of 3 per cent increase In the volume of commodities sold wad more than offset by a reduction in prices, the department said. Livestock receipts totaled W,MO,000,000, down 1 per cent trom list year, but crop receipts oj $3,700,000,000 were up 6 per cent. Mo«t of the decline in the livestock class vu in cattle and calves. Wintering. 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