The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on June 29, 1974 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Saturday, June 29, 1974
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DalluJournal lOlstYEAR NO. 153 FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA 56537 SATURDAY, JUNE 29, 1974 SINGLE COPY lOc Nixon, Brezhnev sign trade pact YALTA, U.S.S.R. (AP) President Nixon and Leonid I. Brezhnev arrived in Yalta from Moscow today to continue arms talks after signing a pact for exchanging economic information to spur U.S.-Soviet trade. With further curbs on missile defense systems all but settled, they concentrated on prospects for an underground nuclear test ban. Experts were assigned to keep plugging away while Nixon and Brezhnev flew to the Black Sea resort for further discussions. The new, 10-year economic pact — which does not need congressional approval — calls for an exchange of "relevant information" to promote business deals. In 1972, the two powers decided to expand trade in order lo advance political detente between them. But while some major deals have been worked out, the 1972 accord never became operative, with opposition coming mainly from those who say the Soviet Union should not be given trading advantages unless it relaxes emigration policies. Key provisions of the new agreement include annual exchanges of information and forecasts of basic economic, in- dustrial and commercial trends, as well as help in the leasing of offices and homes for American and Soviet businessmen. The signing was in St. Vladimir's Hall in the Kremlin, with Brezhnev and Nixon seated a foot apart at an ornate 15th century table. They each signed two copies of the accord and drank a champagne toast afterward. It was the fourth pact to result from the summit talks, but the first signed by Brezhnev. He had left the other signings to President Nikolai Podgorny, Premier Alexei Kosygin and State abortion law ruled unconstitutional Speeding tickets up 42 pet, ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - The Minnesota State Patrol says there has been a 42 per cent increase in the number of speeding tickets issued by state patrolmen since the speed limit was reduced to 55 miles per hour in Minnesota. The patrol said Friday the lower speed limit also has substantially reduced the number of traffic accidents and traffic fatalities in the state. "Some people just have not adjusted their driving habits to the new limit, and those people are getting tickets," said Richard Lueck, State Patrol chief of staff. "But generally speaking,"Lueck said, "compliance has been good." During April and May, there were 12,537 arrests for speeding, compared with 8,855 arrests in the same two months last year. Lueck said 99 per cent of the speeding arrests result only in a ticket to the offending driver. The 1974 Minnesota traffic fatality count was 309 Friday, compared with 424 one year ago. The new speed limit went into effect in March as part of federal and state efforts to combat the apparent fuel shortage. All state governments were required to pass legislation instituting a 55 miles per hour limit, or face the loss of federal highway funds. SPORTSACULAR SPECTACLE — Sixty-three cyclists entered the short track motorcycle races which kicked off the Fergus Falls Sportstacular last night at the county fairgrounds. Above, cyclists roar around the track in unison. But Rick Smith of Detroit Lakes, below, found his timing was a bit off as he tumbled to ground in the 250 cc Class B event. Events continue today with a canoe derby, Softball games, road races and a horseshoe tournament. The big event tomorrow is the power boat races scheduled to begin at Pebble Lake at 1 p.m. (Journal photos by Harley Oyloe) County fair opens July 10 The 65th Otter Tail County Fair does not open in Fergus Falls until July 10 but the date is not far away for workers making preparations. Seven thousand premium lists have been mailed to potential exhibitors and 500 others are available at a number of locations. Entries will bring about $8,000 in prizes. Bob Karst, secretary- manager, said the premium list this year includes senior citizens as well as open class, 4- II and FFA. Entrants 60 or older may compete in handcrafts, thrift items, pictures 120 Irish youngsters start state vacation MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — There were grins from ear to ear and scarcely a dry eye when 120 Irish youngsters arrived in Minnesota to begin a six-week vacation from the violence in Northern Ireland. The children, half of them Catholic and half of them Protestant, are from the most troubled areas of Belfast. Five years of communal fighting have taken more than 1,000 lives in Ulster. Most of the children have lost relatives and friends in the upheaval. Belfast officials say fathers of three children have been shot since the youngsters were accepted into the summer program. The project, sponsored by the Hibbing, Minn., Rotary Club, is the result of a happy summer spent last year by two Belfast children. Sarah Hughes sent her 10-year-old son, David, and Irene Hill, 9, to the United States to escape the violence of their home town. Mrs. Hughes received many letters from American families who wanted to host a child, and when the Hibbing Rotary organization began its project, the inquiries were sent to the northern Minnesota town. "America's brilliant," was the observation of 9-year-old Gerard Nolan as he met his hosts, the Josef Nehrings of Duluth, Minn. The children will spend the summer in the peaceful Upper Midwest. Most of the host families live in Minnesota, but some reside in the Dakotas, Wisconsin and Iowa. As the children filed into Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, Pat Thissen of Janesville, Minn., led the crowd of about 500 persons in singing, "When Irish Eyes Are Smiling." "I'm so pleased everything went well," said Nancy Timmerman, a former social worker who directs the project. "We've been working on this for seven months and it's great to have them here." and food. Wednesday, July 10, is Entry Day and the fair will run through Sunday, July 14. Merriam's Midway Shows will offer the latest thrill rides including a new $20,000 space age ride, shows, games and concessions. The midway will open at 6 p.m. on Entry Day. A tug of war, dress revue and stage talent will be put on by 4- H members at the grandstand the first night. Patient found dead A Fergus Falls State Hospital patient was found dead on the hospital grounds yesterday and it has been determined her death was an apparent suicide. The hospital identified her as Mildred Schantzen, 43, Redlake Falls. The sheriff's department, coroner and county attorney look part in investigation of the death. It was found that Mrs. Schantzen had cut her throat with a razor blade. Records showed she had made several other suicide attempts. Dairy and poultry will be judged Thursday and there will be a 4-H dog show. The grandstand attraction is a tractor pulling contest. A rollover derby is scheduled for the grandstand Friday evening. Beef, sheep and swine will be judged that day. Saturday will be Senior Citizens Day. Persons 65 and older will be admitted free to the grounds, grandstand and midway rides. The 4-H Blue Ribbon Auction also is scheduled for Saturday at 9 a.m. Other events include a rooster crowing contest and 4-H horse show. The grandstand attraction on Saturday is the Sherwin Linton Show. The John Mathews Family will be the grandstand feature Sunday afternoon. Sunday evening there will be a demolition derby followed by- fireworks. MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. (AP) — Minnesota's 1974 law restricting abortions after the first 20 weeks of pregnancy has been declared unconstitutional by a three-judge panel of U. S. District Court. The ruling left virtually only one restriction on abortions under state law, that requiring that the procedure be done by a licensed physician. The unanimous, 16-page ruling was filed Friday by Judges Etnald R. Ross and Robert Denny, both of Omaha, Neb., and Paul-Benson of Fargo, N. D. The three judges said the state law, and the resulting regulations established by the Minnesota Board of Health, "interfere with the right of a woman to secure an abortion free of state interference." Eleven sections of the state law were struck down by the judges. The only significant portion of the law left standing was a "conscience clause" allowing private hospitals to refuse to perform abortions. The judges said they based their decision on a January 1973 ruling by the U. S. Supreme Court which appeared to allow abortions during the first six months of pregnancy. The Minnesota law had determined that a fetus was viable — could be sustained outside the womb — 20 weeks after conception, or roughly fivn months into a pregnancy. "Defendants have presented no evidence which would persuade this court that viability does in fact occur at 20 weeks," the judges said. They added that "any attempt to regulate abortion prior to viability is unconstitutional" unless it is to protect a woman's Life. Other sections of the state law were struck down because restrictions placed on physicians were not reasonably necessary for maternal health, the judges said. The Supreme Court had determined that during the first three months of pregnancy any decision on abortion must be left to the judgment of the woman and her physician. The high court said during the second three months, but before the fetal viability, the state may regulate abortions only to the extent necessary to safeguard the woman's health. Under the Supreme Court ruling, during the last three months of pregnancy — when justices felt the fetus could live outside the womb — the state's interest in regulating abortions outweighs the woman's private right. Only at this point, the high court said, may the state absolutely regulate abortion. Minnesota Atty. Gen. Warren Spannaus, who had warned Gov. Wendell Anderson before he signed the bill that parts of the legislation were unconstitutional, said the state probably will appeal the decision. Spannaus said the state could ask for a rehearing before the 8th U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis or appeal the decision directly to the U. S. Supreme Court. The law had been challenged by five physicians, including Dr. Jane E. Hodgson, St. Paul, who successfully challenged Minnesota's previous abortion law several years ago. Other plaintiffs included Dr. Fred Lyon, Dr. Arthur J. Horowitz, Dr. Joseph H. Pratt and Dr. Allen W. Delzell. A spokesman for the Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life (MCCL), an anti-abortion group, said a demonstration was planned at 1 p.m. today in front of the federal courthouse in Minneapolis to protest the decision. William Massing, chairman of the MCCL legal committee, contended there were at least three legal errors in the panel's decision. The court usurped the legislature's power to decide the exact point of viability, Massing said, and "the court struck down the use of the phrase 'potentially viable'. in the statute even though the Supreme Court used the phrase 'potentially able to live' which we believe means the same thing. "Thirdly, the district court was not persuaded by the evidence submitted by MCCL and the State of Minnesota or by the medical text which the Supreme Court had cited that 20 weeks is the point of viability." Sandra Simmons, MCCL vice president, said the organization is "very disappointed with the decision. We feel it ignores the feelings of the people and the legislature. Right now abortions can be Continued on page 4 Doctor's wife to live gold mining fantasy MADISON HEIGHTS, Mich. (AP) — With those women whose fantasies of adventure go no farther than a daydream over the kitchen sink, compare Michelle Borsand. Leaving a comfortable home and a marriage that wasn't even a year old, she departed Friday for a one-room cabin in Idaho to dig for gold. "More people should do something like this," she said. "Peopleinhibit their spouses by expecting them to fill roles." Far be it from Mrs. Borsand, 24, to play the role of doctor's wife to her surgeon-husband, Marvin. "My husband is very dedicated to his job and that's why I have to have my own life. If all I did was sit and wait until he came home at 5 o'clock I'd go crazy," she said. "My husband wants me to do this because he knows something I want to do." So Mrs. Borsand will spend the summer cooking meals over a wood stove and digging in a gold mine on a 140-acre farm near Floence, Idaho. She and her husband acquired mining rights on the farm after their honeymoon camping trip last summer. "We stayed with this 50-year- old couple and they talked us into getting a mine," she said. "I really wanted one." Friday, she packed her cat and her embroidery into a four- wheel drive vehicle and headed west. She said she will live alone, digging every day into the hills, searching for a vein of gold. "It's really a fantasy lived out," she said before leaving. "I always wanted to be a gold miner." Farm prices skid for fourth month WEATHER FERGUS FALLS AREA Variable cloudiness and cooler through Sunday. High this afternoon upper 70s and low 80s. Low tonight upper 40s and !ow 50s. High Sunday 80. High Friday 92. Overnight Low 61. At 8 a.m. 67. At Noon 82. Precipitation 24 hours ending 8 a.m. today .06. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 81. Minimum 50. By DON KENDALL AP Farm Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - New government figures show farmers are getting lower prices than they did a year ago, while consumers are paying about one-fifth more for food. The Agriculture Department said Friday its farm-price index skidded another 6 per cent between May 15 and June 15, putting the indicator 4 per cent below a year earlier. It was the fourth month in a row that farm prices declined. But in another report earlier this week, USDA said a market basket of farm-produced food in May sold in retail stores at 19 per cent above year-earlier costs. The middleman share of food costs has risen partly because just about everything is more expensive these days, including labor and transportation. But many administration officials, including Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz, say those markups could be reduced so that consumers can get lower-cost food. Meat prices, in particular, have caused concern. Reacting to the widening gap between what fanners get for livestock and consumers pay for meat, Butz announced Friday a new cask force to examine the markups and come up with recommendations on how they can be trimmed. •I hope that we can get more efficiency in the whole marketing and distributing and proc- essing chain, and that improved productivity can be passed both ways," Butz said. "Retail prices to consumers should reflect prices to producers, and prices to beef growers should reflect retail prices." Declining prices for livestock have led the downward march in farm prices for months. As a group, meat-animal prices declined another 12 per cent from mid-May to mid-June and averaged 29 per cent below a year earlier. Cattle prices, for example, were $32.20 per 100 pounds on the hoof, down $4.90 from May and $11.60 below a year earlier. The June 15 average also was $19.40 per 100 pounds below the record last August. The market-basket figures showed retail counter beef in May averaged $1.35 per pound, one cent less than in May 1973. WASHINGTON (AP) - Agriculture Department analysts will delay for one day next month making a new projection for 1974 harvests of corn and some other spring-planted crops. New projections of 1974 output, based on expected harvested acres and historical yields adjusted for recent trends, were scheduled to be included in the department's regular crop report on July 11. But officials said Friday those projections will not be issued then and will be included July 12 in a new report showing Continued on page 4 Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. The other accords concerned health, housing and energy questions. Leonid Zamyatin, Soviet spokesman, told a news conference the economic agreement "determines the main direction for developing our cooperation in these fields and it also provides a mechanism for its implementation. We are convinced the agreement will promote mutually advantageous economic relations on a firm treaty basis." Ronald L. Ziegler, White House spokesman, told reporters it was "an executive agreement, not a treaty." One correspondent observed the agreement seemed to overlap many of the areas agreed upon by the Soviet Union and United States in 1972, particularly the joint trade agreement of October 1972. Arthur Hartman, assistant secretary of state for European affairs, said the 1972 accord was "strictly trade." He noted that it had not come into force because it was dependent on congressional approval to grant most favored nation trade status to the Soviet Union. A majority in Congress has opposed trade concessions to the Soviets unless they act to modify emigration policies, especially regarding Jews. Ziegler was asked if the Soviets had given the Americans any assurances there would be progress on the issue blocking most favored nation tariffs. Zamyatin interrupted, asking, "What do you mean by that?" The reporter said, "The Jewish question." Continued on Page 4 HEW seeks cigaret regulation WASHINGTON (AP) - Ten years after the surgeon general's famous report on smoking, the secretary of health, education and welfare has for the first time requested authority to regulate the safety of cigarettes. Caspar W. Weinberge? asked Congress on Friday to "consider legislation providing this department or some other appropriate agency with the authority to set maximum permissible levels of hazardous ingredients in cigarettes." Weinberger became the first HEW secretary to seek such authority, although lower HEW officials have testified in favor of legislation banning cigarettes high in tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide. Weinberger said the 1974 report to Congress, "The Health Consequences of Smoking," confirms findings of the surgeon general's report 10 years ago that "cigarette smoking is a serious health hazard." The latest report, the eighth such report by the government, estimated that lung cancer killed 72,000 Americans last year, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 25,000 and coronary heart disease 600,000. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission reluctantly voted 3-2 last month to turn down a petition requesting a ban on 27 brands of high-tar cigarettes. The commission said it lacked legal authority and jurisdiction over cigarettes, a fact noted earlier by the General Accounting Office, an arm of Congress. The Tobacco Institute Inc., a trade organization representing cigarette manufacturers, gave guarded praise for the inclusion of studies seeming to refute the report's conclusions but criticized the U.S. Clearinghouse for Smoking and Health, the HEW agency which drafted it. Horace R. Kornegay, the institute's president, said the clearinghouse's mission "is to propagandize against tobacco." it's

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