PAGfctWO THE MALVERN LEADER AH Atfeetfrftf fj|gg*|.t Stop* Wiveft Tear Tint* It Oat W. P. WORTMAN, Pabli»h«r Entered In the Pott Office at Malfern. jtt___»ecottd, claw._ mail matter. Tettni til Subscription: Payable ift Adratte* One copy one year - - - IJ.OO One copy three months • .** One copy tit month! - • 1.00 Single copy - .tl The date on the printed tag shows the time to which the •**> scrlptlon it paid. NATIONAL EDtfOtUAi ASSOCIATION IOWA Need* Day el Asaembly Sap rnrnfetrt* tMretsf fre#i traMMtfy «* frfterfti Gptntefea Ifet frgSHMitftfy Tt» L**S*r*s tt i* now M*n by everybody that ttit* special aestion ot the 4Mh General AmetaMy has more atnurntt* In it than has been ex- in an? regular testfon in OFFICIAL COUNTY PAPfiR:—All the ott'dal »roe«*diaft of lie Board of 8nperrl»ori are printed In fall la this pa»*r. Advertising Rates DISPLAY, 15 cents a column Inch; 6 cents an tnea additional tot competition. Extra for guaranteed posttlea. LOCALS, Classified * - - 6c a Hoe LOCALS, among reading matter ...... Obituary Poetry * - * Resolutions Card of Thanks- - - • - 8fle loe a tine Be a line 6c a line SEND CHANGES or ,„. w ADDRESS PROMPTLY LKAPKH eubecrlben are aaked to notify the -ubeerlpttoa depart- S ent promptIj of an/ ehanze* IA elf addressee. Under the new postal lam, new*pap«n ana perl- must par Postage due for w<_ of any ehanteiin addreM ilehed by the poet office. ID Itloo. there I* alto the brob- ima of delay In delivery or failure to set the paper. The 6eet plan U (o eend the chaiife of address In EDITORIAL The depression has been so bad that we don't even call public works money "pork" any more. Especially when we get some ot It. At that Mills county buskers can be thankful that tho wind and dust and snow storms of the past few weeks didn't come any sooner. The Wall street financiers, we hear, are feeling irked because President Roosevelt hasn't asked for their advice in regard to his monetary policy. After the revelations of the senate investigation committee it seems strange that the President doesn't feel the need of such advice. And strange that the public in general feels rather glad that he doesn't. The present program of pub-•'- i "—«-'- x comes ,-at an espe- ehonld have a two-fold effect as far as recovery goes. First it should eliminate to a large extent the extraordinary demands made of private citizens tor relief because a large number of needy will be able to earn sufficient for their own sustenance. This will be deeply appreciated by those who have always sacrificed to prevent suffering and want for others and who would continue to do so this winter it necessary. Those who are given employment, too, will enjoy this op- WHEN YOU VISIT DAVENPORT portunity to be again fully self-supporting. Secondly, the pnbllc works program should prove a tremendous stimulant toward resumption of buying by providing the one thing that has been lacking — buying power or money. It is highly possible that the stimulation thus given will be sufficient to start recovery so definitely that no more drastic measures will be neded. In this case the program would mark the end of the depression. Should this latter possibility not prove true, however, the end of the public works program will mean the start ot another depression and the consequent need of even more drastic measures to stop it. When the system of distribution ot wealth is as badly out of adjustment as ours now is rather extreme measures are needed. Sooner or later we must face the fact that a system which will permit all of the people to share fully the benefits of their production must be obtained. This may mean that some limitation in the freedom of production now enjoyed must be exercised. But the certainty of a minimum of this world's goods may offset the undeslrabillty of those limitations. Farmers of Mills county will do welt to consider closely the corn-hog program^ now being promoted, by^.thji4a,grjcu!j;ural department. This* often' very attractive cash benefits for all reduction and this cash should have a healthy inflationary effect on the nation's monetary difficulties. But regardless ot the theory behind the program the cash benefits are such that they would seem to make reduction a profitable matter, rather than a sacrifice. MOTH, i IPOOT READER'S FORUM Men are never so likely to settle a question rightly as when they discuss it freely. — Macauley. Readers are urged to keep their letters brief and to the point i— both for our sake and the sake of our readers. B«anse the times are strenuous and extraordinary, and thoughts are misdirected business and economic fooxi-A2n w ~~ b «st .7. w £pSr • B }8as f i«o '«p HOTEL: To Henry Wallace, U. S- Secretary of Agriculture, Dear Henry: Having read your recent speech with much interest and some disgust I would ask you to please explain and define the difference between what you so sneeringly and insultingly call "currency printing" and government bond or national bank note printing As the term "currency printing' as it la used is a direct insult to the name and memory of Abraham Lincoln, the greatest and best man (excepting Christ who was and is both God and Man), and his, Lincoln's, supporters who certainly believed in a United States currency which with the same legal backing and fiat as pur bonds, gold, and other currency, Is just as good. "Currency printing" sounds very much like another Wall I street slogan which, as Tom Edl> I son said, are used to "ghout the 1 people down whenever there is j an outbreak of common sense." Hoping to hear from you soon am youra truly, L. D. Austin. Malvera, la. by the crl*!*. Several of the numerous new tax Mils we predicted in out first letter when this session opened hate now appeared. There will not be room around the state bouse for the automobiles nor in the rotundas for the people who will throng to the capttol in the next three weeks trying to take care ot their own interests. We now predict that to maintain their equilibrium members ot both House and Senate will soon have to resolve on "executive sessions" where the public may be barred In order to transact their business. Thanksgiving next Thursday may well be a day ot prayer for iowa. Administration fax Bill A personal net income tax, a business tax on corporations and a retail sales tax are included in the sixty-page bill prepared by the special tax committees ot House and Senate, and now before both houses of the General Assembly as BUI No. 1. This bill is regarded as the administration tax measure, and it Is possible It will be crowded along to passage as such. It is sponsored by Senators Chrystal, Oeske, Klmberly, Knudson, Roe- ofs and Valentine in the Senate, and by Representatives Dean, Pabrltz, Qrau. Mercer, Rice and Speldel in the House. The personal net income tax section is practically that advocated by Senator George Patterson during recent sessions. It would levy a one per cent tax on net incomes ot $1,000 and five per cent on the fifth $1,000 and all above that. The corporation income tax would levy two per cent tax on net income annually. The retail sales tax would impose a two per cent tax on gross receipts of sales of tangible personal property after the first of January, 1934, with the following exemptions: Gross receipts from sales of electricity, gas and water; on public works contracts prior to this date; gross receipts from sales oi admissions to state, county and tocat*fa4r» r; «nd^fr<Ma, educational, religions or charitable activities. The tax must be passed on to the consumer, under penalty up to $5,000 for failure to do so and to report quarterly the amount of tax collected. The bill is expected to reduce property taxes by 30 per cent, Gross Sales Tax Last week a large long bill, House File 131, was introduced, bearing the names of Representatives Strachanm, Beswick, McLain, Felter and Crouch. And this bill contemplates making everybody pay some taxes to help the state and local governments. Some call it the gross sales tax. The bill title calls it a "Property Tax Limitation and Relief Act of 1933." It places a tax upon "the privilege of doing business in lows, based on the gross income of such business." And In this bill are very few exemptions — business, salaries, farming, live stock, everything will have the privilege of paying to the support of the state and local governments. Dills Coining Till Pec, 4 The Senate has now reached about the 100 mark in Bills for Acts, and the House is handling about J30 bills. The rule thftt si! House bills must be reported of committees within ten day was invoked Thursday and caught some 17 bills. In fact, many members are complaining they cannot get quorums for their committees and most of the time ia wasted. Moral: Smaller committees. If anybody has any ideas of control ot the liquor busi»<«w, they should get then) is now. Chairman Frailey ot the Senate liquor committee can Jaaja §: storeroom, where they may he filed. The public hearing on the liquor bUte *§§ held tat fuje- d»y with aumeraua sn«*k«r* ing their »ugg«sMgn4 and ttoas. Petition* tr« eonjfcjg ii» ao4 Wee* t»y sf* Judges ot the siale supreme court, gpeeffieatty 'tfte decfsteii catne wftft relttfo* to a case wherein the state highway commission ha* eterrtsed the authority to ttake various tw« and regulations governing the OSe ot hignwats. inquiry ot otictaft fe- veals.that some of the same thing relates to fish and game, pnMle health and other commissions and boards. Some members think a committee will have to be named to search the Code through for these defects. A Senator tells as that he thinks the detects are greatly magnified and not so bad M they may seem, one of the judges says the trouble comes in where boards of commissions have provided penalties of fines or Imprisonment tor violations ot rules laid down by them. This is unconstitutional, as it is a legislative function only. The new state banking bill got through the House and Senate this week, permitting state banks to come under the provisions ot the national banking laws to comply with conditions to get the $2500 deposit insurance benefits. Delinquent tax sales ordinarily held in each county the first Monday In December have been post* poned by special act to April 2, and publication ot tax lists till not more than two weeks before that time. This law became 1 effective immediately on publication last week. Political rumors are flying about, predicting a change in two of the major state offices in January? Thanksgiving adjournment was voted for but one day —Thursday. to an wnoft ft mt eeneetn: Frank B. Befltnap, Ren* Bttt, EtbTtta ttefCdwft, and em Hfi- ton Estate. the convmftttoser appointed to ttew, and tt r«<j*ir*d to vacate a highway, commencing at SE earner el fiee. SJ, twp. tt, Range 41 a-frd rtrnnrBg thence West one nrfte to the SW corner of Sec. tt, twp. 11, RAnfe 41, and terminating at the SW cornet of Bee. SS, twp. 11, Range 41 has reported hi favor ot Vacating the west three-fourth* mite of the above described toad but advise* leaving ttri east one-fourth mile open to travel and all objections thereto or claims fof damages, must be filed in the Auditor's office on of before noon of the 18th day of December A. D. 1933, ot such highway wilt be vacated without reference thereto. lt-4. S. A. Schade, Auditor of Mills County, iowa. That one needs no chauffeur to be driven to drink? That raising the devil is not the best kind of uplift movement? That owners of electric plants are satisfied with light harvests? That many a so-called epigram is merely a platitude in disguise? That bowing to the inevitable is rarely done with much cordiality? That every man has his price and there are lots of men on the bargain counter? That it's a pity the man who has a great command ot language doesn't ottener command it to keep still t — Boston Transcript. The Dahlgren gun was invented by Admiral jr. Dahlgren, U, 8. Navy, and was used for the first time at Hampton Roads, Va., >n the battle between the Monitor and the Merrlmac. Depression Football The early start' for the big game ten minutes later than bad been planned ... the reluctant taking of overshoes and blankets . . , the hasty fingering ot the pockets two miles out to see if :he tickets are still there ... the Furtive hope that one will get his money's worth . , . the pleasure of paying the 95c toll charge at Plattsmoutb while remembering the regret of paying a 50c toll charge at Omaha , .".the last long took at Iowa river bottoms . . . -f-t-1- The swift progress of other game seers , . , (tie few blocks through PlaUsjnoQth's back* yard • > • the deceptive nwrow. ness of Nebraska gravel roads . , . , the hasty feeling for toe tickets , , , the feller from Omaha in the car ahead who jost would stay in the middle . , , the slick strategy to let some other driver try to edge hint over . ,»the complete f«fl* ore of that driver . • . -M4- The thorough settlement of the money question between Murray and Murdock, Nebr. . . . the awe of passing Bess Streeter Aj- drich'g home in Elmwood > • • the deep disgust of the r*Hroad which permitted ft six inch h°Je in the road at its crossing , , , the thrill of seeing another car frons home on the rend • « « •W* The yjlliiuropflff to bet jt|ty> tbiag es&vi pspgr m low* •* every Wl*g*»&» :-,',.,-(*•/. ^^^^^ ^^^e^^e^^^^p^^^^P^^^BP'^mKUp ^^^^P^^^W^W^BJ w ^^^^^P^^PJ^^P^B^P^^P^MPJ*^p^-j^^^^ffy^^ff^ ~VR^Pep|P|p^" dlum doors to open , . ; the ; tsrdy appearance ot officials to throw them open . . . the -big jam at the door with only an hoar to get to one's seat , , . the frantic grasp for the tickets in the wrong pocket . , , the sleek-looking coeds without coats who seemed well able to take the cold weather ... the learning that they were to sell apples , , . the finding of the old friend from Omaha in the row behind . . . i-f-t-1- The silly speech by Governor Bryan about nothing , . , the corn basking contest with toiufc one shock of corn . . . the IB bands massed in toe gridiron , . , toe immense volume of . »oi»e as all started to play at once ... the chagrin of the band t& the extreme north to flad iteotf still playing o'er the land of toe free when all the others had finished . , , the originality of color of uniforms The hushed excitement when both squads came out to warm up . . , the thrill of the first kickoff ,.- the irritation a| the (tun- derbeftg who eaj}e4 & center smash when anyone coald have told him to use » double fake* latent pan ana end spar* , , ,, the i&ebriftie who JwHiteid o« loading cheers tor dear old Kan* • ^^SW-Sa^ fl?9BW-W* W *v* •SSt^**9 3fX*K , W^B«c5 MS to the patriotic ajBger p| An fnteffrelMfre ftew1 SUtoffiary of tn* IttpottAM itfftti Si • tfc* frtfct »«»&. _..... A* tit* utrtggte toNntta infla- tionists s&d ftttl-tiiflatieBftW t>*> gan to acquire some ot the spirit ot the gfeeftbtck and free stiver movements ot years.past and tb* personalities o* the debate became more evident last week tt became clear that the division, except among party fetcls, crossed party tines freely. In the administration itself there was division — bat not for long, When 'sound money' men were being eliminated as quickly as their sympathies became clear, Specifically, the attack had been one by the anti-inflationists oft the administration gold buying program. The opening guns were fired, peculiarly, from within the administration Itself. Mr, 0. M. W. Sprague, formerly With the Bank of England and recently the foreign exchange expert of the Treasury frankly criti- cised the gold policy, and resigned his connection with the Treasury. The next attack was from James P. Warburg, unofficial financial adviser to the ad* ministration, officially an expert to the American delegation to the recent Economic Conference. The most picturesque of the at* tacks came characteristically from former Governor Alfred 8. Smith, who called for 'gold dollars Instead ot boloney dollars.' The Smith statement brought agree* tnent from the Republican Sena* tor Fess, but brought an equally spectacular defense ot the administration policy from the Republican Senator Borah. Administration defenses con* slsted ot statements by President Roosevelt, a statement by R, Walton Moore, assistant secretary of state, and, significantly, a regulation by acting Secretary of Treasury Morgenthau calling for review by the Secretary of all statements, interviews, and addresses by persons attached to the Treasury, a regulation patterned after that promulgated recently by General Johnson for the Re* covery Administration. The arguments of the critics of the gold policy were incorporated in general terms in a protest by the advisory council to the Federal Reserve Board. The protest doubted the wisdom of effectiveness of a monetary policy direct* ed 'toward an artificial, price ad* vsnce, feared tfie effects on bust* AftaMIalTy abate the world mar- ie! Federal t«enffties steadied and ftdtfcteced after two fftttt of faffing prices. ^ g ^ Whatever the JMftfwfial sftoa- tiofc might be two event* of the wee* pointed to & kind of currency inflation fof Iowa. were necessary; An obligate to the immediate controversy came from free silver advocates and currency inflation advocates, who threatened much more drastic action when the Congress snail convene. While the debates were raging domestic markets were generally hesitant, but the dollar on foreign exchange rallied until the government bid for gold was sub- One Week after the first con* fefenee for civlt works project* had been catted fof iowa counties •13,«89 men *ef« actually at work and indication* wefe that many mote would be it work nett Week, A test loan brought the first money to towa tram* the corn loan plan, a loan totalling $686 to a farmer near Pocahontas. * e * * White thfl day tot repeat of the eighteenth amendment came nearer it became clear- that the national administration Intended to keep a strict Check Oh the activities of the liquor trade when it is legalized. It was clearly stated to the distillers that no choice Would be allowed in the adoption ot an NRA code for the industry which would give the administration power to regulate production, distribution, and prices, tt was indicated that the code would be used until specific legislation by Congress should outline a federal regulation program. The distillers were inclined to- be rebellious and were proposing a national campaign for control solely by the states. * * .*'* The political situation of Europe was lightened slightly by reports last week ot private conversations between France and Germany toward Germany's re-entry into the Disarmament Conference when it re-convenes. The reports were interpreted as a moral victory for Germany in its demand for equality among nations. The trend of the conversations were limited, however, by the imminent fall of the present French government A new cabinet was being quietly formed, the cabinet to be largely under the leadership of Edouard Herriot, whose government tell last December when he advocated debt payments to the United States, * * » • In his second venture toward the stratosphere Lieut. Com, T., G. W. Settle, accompanied by Ms-, -, )or Chester Fordney, succeeded ia reaching/ a, hlgher,> altitude announced. DRS. KLINE & KLINE Or, D, M. Kiln* Or. J. A. Kiln* 0*teop*thto Phytlolint Office hour*: 1 to 8 p, m, and 7 to t p. m, «n Saturday, Other Hour* py Appointment Office over lews Bute Saving* Bank X»Ray Diagnosis Ptwn**! Office 1JA How** 1M There was a time when real comfort was not to be had by anyone at any price 'vv**t&&,vwty* » V"P »v.r.T.WT«K^r-V ; "Gay" Nmsttes, did you say? " i >?*'
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